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CALENDAR 


OF 


DOCUMENTS    IN    FRANCE. 


e    92684. 


CALENDAR 

OF    DOCUMENTS    PRESERVED    IN 

F  E  A  N  C  E, 

ILLUSTRATIVE   OF   THE   HISTOKY   OF 

GREAT    BRITAIN    AND    IRELAND. 


VOL.  I. 
A.D.  918-1206. 


EDITED    Br 

J.  HORACE  ROUND,  M.A. 


JUBHSHED  BY  ATJTHOEITT  OP  THE  10ED8  COMMISSIOIfEBS  OF  HEK  MAJESTY'S  TREASURY 
17irDER  THE  BIBECTIOK  OF  THE  MASTER  OF  THE  BOLLS. 


LONDON: 
PEINTED'FOE  HER  MAJESTY'S  STATIONERY  OFFICE, 
"      BY  BYKE  AND  SPOTTISWOODE, 
FBIMIEBS   TO    THE    QUEBN's   MOST  EXCELLENT   UAJESIY. 


And  to  be  purchased,  either  directly  or  through  any  Bookseller,  from 

EYRE  AND  SPOTTISWOODE,  Bast  Haeding  Steeet,  Fleet  Steeet,  E.G. ;  or 

JOHN  MENZIES  &  Co.,  12,  HiNOVEa  Street,  Edinbukgh,  and 

90,  West  Nile  Street,  Glasgow  ;  or 

HODGES,  FIGGIS,  &  Co,,  Limited,  104,  GaAPion  Street,  Dublin. 

1899. 


LoNDOir :  Printed  by  Etee  and  Spotiiswoode, 

Her  Majesty's  Printers. 

For  Her  Majesty's  Stationery  Office. 


TABLE     OF     CONTENTS. 


UPPER  NORMANDY 

^SbiNE   iNffiBIEUEE 

Rouen  Cathedral 
Holy  TitiNiTr^PEiOET,  Rouen 
Abbey  of  St.  Amand,  Rouen 
Abbey  op  St.  Ouen,  Rouen 
Town  of  Rouen  - 
Abbey  of  Fecamp     - 
Abbey  of  Jumieges 
Abbey  of  St.  Wandeille 
Abbey  of  Foucaemont 
Abbey  op  Bocheeville 
Abbey  op  Bondeville 

PeIOBY  op  LoNGftJEVILLB 

Abbey  op  Te^poet 
Hospital  op  Pont-Audemee 
Abbey  op  Le  Valassb 
Miscellaneous 

EUEB 

EvEEux  Cathedeal 

Abbey  op  St.  Tauein,  IJveeux    - 

Abbey  op  Peeaux 

Abbey  op  Bec-Hellouin  - 

Pbioey  op  Enveemeu 

Peioey  of  St.  Maetin  du  Bosc  - 

Abbey  of  Lieb 

Miscellaneous 

LOWER  NORMANDY 

Calvados  .  -  -  - 

Abbey  op  Holy  Teinity,  Cabn    - 

Abbey  op  St.  Stephen,  Cabn- 

Abbey  op  Teoaen  - 

Abbey  op  Aedennes- 

Abbby  op  Aunay   - 

Peioey  op  Plessis-G-eimould 

Peioey  op  Ste.  Baebe-bn-Auge 

Abbey  op  St.  Desie 

Abbey  of  St.  Pieerb-sue-Dives  - 

Abbey  op  St.  Ande:b-en-Goupfben  - 

Abbey  op  St.  Jean  db  Falaise   - 

Miscellaneous 
Oene     -  -  - 

Abbey  op  St.  Eyeoul 

Abbey  op  Sees 

Abbey  op  Silly  -  - 

Abbey  op  La  Teappe  - 

Abbey  op  Almenesches  -  - 

Abbey  op  Lonlay  - 


Pages 

-  1-140 
1-96 
1-19 

-  20-24 

-  25-28 

-  29-31 

-  32-36 

-  37-53 
54-57,  526 
58-^2,  526 

-  63^65 
66-71 

-  72-73 

-  74-79 

-  80-82 

-  83-87 

88 

-  89-96 

-  94-140 

-  97-104 

-  105-107 
108-119 
120-131 

-  132-133 

134 
135-136 

-  137-140 

-  141-351 

-  141-217 

■  141-153 

■  154-163 
•  164-181 

■  182-183 
184-189 
190-196 

■  197-200 

201 
202-206 
207-212 
213-215 
216-217 

218-248 
218-231 
232-240 
241-244 

245 

246 
247-248 


a  3 


IV 


LOWER  NORMANDY— cont. 
La  Manche  -        -  . 

Abbey  of  Mont  St.  Michel 

Abbey  of  La  Luzerne 

Abbey  of  Montmobel   - 

Abbey  "des  Blanches,"  Moetain 

Abbey  op  Savigny 

Abbey  of  Blanchelande 

Abbey  of  Monteboukg- 

Abbey  of  St.  Lo,  Coutances 

Abbey  of  Hambye 

Abbey  of  Lessay 

Abbey  "  de  Voto,"  Cheeboueg 

Coutances  Cathedral 

Prioey  of  St.  Feomond 

Abbey  op  St.  Sauteue-le-Vicomte 

PERCHE : 

Abbey  of  Tiron 
MAIKE       -  .  .  .        . 

Le  Mans  Cathedral 
Abbey  of  Pbeseigne 
Abbey  op  La  Codtueb,  Le  Mans  - 
Abbey  op  St.  Vincent,  Le  Mans 
Miscellaneous 

ANJOU 

Abbey  of  Ponteveault 

Abbey  of  St.  Ploeent-de-Saumue 

NOEMAN   PeIOEIES 

English  Peioeies 

Peioey  of  Selb    - 

Peioey  of  Monmouth  - 

Peioey  of  Spoele 

Peioey  op  Andovee      -        - 
Hospital  op  St.  Jean,  Angees 
Miscellaneous 

TOURAINE  : 

Abbey  op  Maemoutiee 

Peioey  of  Vietix  Belesme  - 

Peioey  op  St.  Vigoe-en-Peeeieebs 

Peioey  of  Moetain    - 

Peioey  of  St.  Georges  de  Bohon 

Peioey  of  Lehon 

Peioey  of  St.  Maey,  Yoek 

Peioey  op  Newpoet  Pagnel 

Peioey  op  Alleeton 

AQUITAINE 

Abbey  op  La  Sauve  Majeuee 

Peioey  op  Buewell 
Abbey  op  St.  Ceoix,  Boedeaux 
Peioey  op  La  Rsole  -  -  . 

Miscellaneous 

vendOme  and  CHARTRES  - 

Abbey  of  Vend6me 

Abbey  of  St.  PIjeb,  Chaetees 


Pages 

.  249-351 
249-280 

-  281-283 

284 
285-286 
287-308 
309-312 

-  313-322 
323-324 

-  325-326 

-  327-333 
.  334-340 

341-344 

345 
346-351 

352-358,  527 

-  359-371 

-  359-361 

-  362-363 

-  364-366 

-  367-369 

-  370-371 
372-420 

-  372-394 

-  395-416 
395-402 
402-404 

-  405-406 
406-414 

414 
415 

-  417-418 
419-420 

-  421-445 

-  429-430 
430-433 
433-437 
437-440 
440-441 

-  442-444 

-  444-445 

445 

-  446-454 
446-449 

-  448-449 
450-451 

452 

-  453-454 

455-458 
455 

-  456-458 


PARIS  -  .  - 

Peioey  op  St.  Maexin  des  Champs 

EOTAL   ChAETEES,   ETC. 

PICARDY       .... 

Abbey  op  Aebouaise 

Town  of  Calais    .  -  . 

FLANDERS 

Peioey  op  Hesdin  - 

Abbey  op  St.  Beetin 

Town  of  St.  Omee 

Abbey  op  Claiemaeais 

Documents  at  Lille 

Abbey  des  Dunes 

Abbey  op  St.  Peteb,  Ghent    - 

BURGUNDY : 

Abbey  op  Cluny 
APPENDIX  I. 

Abbey  of  Mobtemeb    - 
Abbey  op  St.  Stephen,  Caen 
Abbey  op  Bon  Repos  - 
Comte  D'Eu 
Miscellaneous 

APPENDIX  IL  ... 

APPENDIX  III. 


Pages 
459-478 
459-463 
464-478 

479-480 
479-480 

480 

481-505 
481-482 
483-491 

491 
492-493 
494-496 
497-499 
500-505 

506-517 
518-528 
518-519 
620-522 

523 
524-525 
526-528 

529-538 
539-540 


VI 


OORRIGENiDA. 


p.    1 1, 1.  39.  For  "  Wilellmo  "  read  "  Willelmo." 

p.    13,1.24.  l^or  "  themselves  and  the  "  redfi  "  themselves  ;  and  the. 

p.    18,-1.  43.  For  "  A[nthonio]  "  read  "  A[nselmo]." 

1.  25.  For  "  [from  it],  shall "  read  "  [from  it]  shall." 

p.    42,1,19.  i^or  "  horses  "  read  "  houses." 

p.    75, 1.  23.  For  "  word"  read  "  wood." 

p.  122, 1.  40.  For  "  Amulf.     He  "  read  "  Arnulf,  he." 

p.  144.  For  "  1174,  20  Jan."  read  "  1183,  20  Jan.-' 

p.  145.  For  ••  1174,  20  Jan."  read  "  1183,  20  Jan." 

p.  161, 1.  11.  For  "freeman"  read  "  freemen." 

p.  195, 1.  18.  For  "  charters  of  Eichard  "  read  "  charters  of  Henry  II." 

p.  195,  1.  23.  For  "  maugerio  "  read  "Maugerio." 

p.  197.  For  "  DrvE  "  read  "  Dives." 

p.  202-206.  For  "  St.  Piekee-stjk-Dive  "  read  "  St.  Pierke-sue-Dives." 

r-  208,  1.    9.  For  "  vicomte  "  read  "vicomte" 

p.  209, 1.  44.  For  "  Richard  I.  the  seneschal "  read  "^Richard  I.,  the  seneschal." 

p.  214, 1.    6.  i^or  "  episcopo,  Sagii  "  read  "  episcopo  Sagli." 

p.  217, 1.  22.  Supply  "Elyensi "  before  "  electo." 

p.  225, 1.  33.  For  "  Rotrode  "  read  "  Rotrodo." 

p.  232,  1.    1.  For  "  Sees  "  read  "  Sees." 

p.  246.  For  "  25  June  "  read  "  26  June." 

p.  248, 1.    7.  "  Turouum."     Add  note  "  rectius  Tm-onim." 

p.  315, 1.  33.  For  "  count "  read  "  earl." 

p.  333, 1.  38.  For  "  exaltanionis  "  read  "  exaltationis." 

p.  348, 1.  32.  For  "Friday's  "  read  "  Fridays." 

p.  367, 1.  26.  For  "  quondam  "  read  "  quendam." 

p.  381, 1.  30.  For  "prevote"  read  "  prdvdte." 

p.  383, 1.  30.  For  "  done  the  king  of  France,  may  ''  read  "  done,  the  king  of  France  may." 

p.  392, 1.  18.  For  "  Rothomagensi  "  read  "  Eboracensi." 

p.  407, 1.  13.  For  "  Blacan  Awee  "  read  "  Blacan  Awre." 

p.  409.  No.  1140,  should  have  been  placed  on  p.  406,  after  No.  1132. 

p.  41 1, 1.  37.  For  "  Oswestry  "  read  "  Whitchurch." 

p.  413, 1.    2.  i^br  "  Oswestry  "  rearf  "  Whitchurch." 

p.  423, 1.  1 1.  For  "  died'  "  read  "  died^." 

p'  430, 1.  14.  For  "  archidiaconi  "  read  "archidiacono." 

p.  432, 1.  36.  For  "  virguto  "  read  "  virgulto." 

For  "  [—1206]  "  read  "  [circ.  1200.]" 

Note  3.  For  "  Argentam  "  read  "  Argentan." 

p.  441, 1.  25.  For  "  St.  Maclou  "  read  "  St.  Malo." 

p.  485, 1.    1 .  For  "  king  Henry  "  read  "  king  Henry  his." 

pp.  506-509,  513-516,  in  marginal  notes.    For  "  Bourgoyne  "  read  "  Bourgogne!" 

p.  525, 1.    4.  For  "  sheeps'  wool "  read  "  sheep's  wool." 


PREFACE. 


The  documents  dealt  with  in  this  calendar  were,  for 
the  most  part,  transcribed  for  the  old  Record  Commission 
more  than  sixty  years  ago.  On  the  dissolution  of  that 
Commission  its  labours  terminated  abruptly  aiad  no 
steps  were  taken  to  utilise  these  transcripts,  of  which 
a  great  aumber  had  then  been  executed  at  no  incon- 
siderable cost.  A  list  of  the  volumes  into  which 
they  had  been  bound,  according  to  the  places  from 
which  they  had  been  obtained,  was  printed  in  1885  as 
an  Appendix  to  the  Syllabus,  in  English,  of  Rymer's 
"  Pcedera ";  but  no  attempt  has  hitherto  been  made  to 
render  their  contents  available  to  the  public.  In  dealing 
with  so  vast  a  mass  of  material,  some  principle  had  to  be 
adopted ;  and  it  was  decided  that  priority  of  treatment 
ought  to  be  awarded  to  those  documents  which  are 
anterior  to  the  date  at  which  our  English  series  of 
enrolments  begin,  namely,  the  close  of  the  twelfth 
century.  And,  as  the  bulk  of  these  early  documents  is 
found  among  the  transcripts  from  Normandy,  the  year 
1206  was  selected  as  one  which  would  amply  cover  the 
loss  of  that  province,  terminating  the  period  of  a  century 
and  a  half  during  which  it  was  connected  with  England. 
No  document,  therefore,  is  included  which  appears  to  be 
certainly  later  in  date  than  1206.^ 

Although  it  is  desirable,  as  a  general  rule,  to  print 
in  extenso  all  documents  older  than  the  thirteenth 
century,  the  adoption  in  this  instance  of    a    calendar 

^  A  solitary  exception  has  been  made  in  the  case  of  "No.  70,  as  relating 
to  an  interesting  incident  of  earlier  date. 


vm  PKEFACE. 

in  English  will,  it  is  hoped,  prove  sufl&cient  for  all 
practical  purposes,  as  the  transcripts  in  fuU  can,  ia 
most  cases,  be  consulted  at  the  Public  Record  Office. 
The  lists  of  witnesses,  however,  are  given  in  Latin 
throughout,  as,  it  wiU  be  generally  admitted,  is  abso- 
lutely essential. 

Valuable,  and  in  some  cases  unique,  as  is  the  material 
acquired  by  the  Commission,  the  necessity  of  making 
it  the  basis  of  the  work  has  caused  some  difficulty.  It 
is  a  far  easier  task  to  approach  documents  de  novo,  and 
to  deal  with  them  on  a  uniform  system,  than  to  utilise 
the  transcripts  made  by  several  different  individuals 
whose  systems  of  arrangement  varied  widely,  and  whose 
principles  in  selecting  documents  were  not  wholly 
identical.  The  transcripts,  for  instance,  from  Lower 
Normandy  are  arranged  under  religious  houses,  while 
those  from  the  upper  portion  of  the  province  are  classified 
according  to  the  status  of  the  parties  from  whom  they 
proceed.  Others,  again,  are  found  in  miscellaneous 
parcels,  with  no  arrangement  at  all.  It  has  here  been 
decided  to  group  the  documents  under  the  names  of  those 
religious  houses  to  which  they  severally  relate.  Except  in 
the  Archives  Nationales  of  France,  the  documents  at  this 
early  date  are  almost  all  connected  with  some  religious 
house ;  the  few  which  are  not  are  here  placed  among 
"  Miscellaneous "  groups.  Within  the  above  groups  the 
arrangement  is  roughly  chronological,  but  where  charters  of 
different  dates  are  very  closely  related,  as  in  Nos.  998-1003, 
they  have  been  placed  together  for  the  convenience 
of  the  student.  This  has  involved  the  re-arrangement 
of  all  the  documents  transcribed,  a  task  of  much 
difficulty  and  trouble;  but  it  will  be  easy  to  identify 
the  transcript  calendared,  as  its  number  in  the  MS. 
volume  is  given  in  the  marginal  note. 


PEEFACE.  ix 

With  regard  to  the  text,  it  should  be  clearly  under- 
stood that  the  documents  which  are  here  calendared  are 
transcripts.  A  systematic  collation,  in  foreign  archives, 
of  the  text  would  have  been  equivalent  to  a  new  under- 
taking; and  all  that  was  originally  contemplated  was 
the  utilisation  of  the  transcripts  executed  for  the  Record 
Commission.  But,  although  originally  intended  for 
publication  as  received,  the  transcripts  have  not  been  so 
treated.  Their  text  has  been  carefully  revised  by  the 
editor,  who  received  instructions  that  in  those  cases 
where  the  text  appeared  to  him  suspicious,  it  should, 
where  possible,  be  verified  abroad.  He  has,  for  his 
own  satisfaction,  gone  considerably  further,  and  collated, 
as  wUl  be  seen  by  the  notes,  a  large  number  of  the 
transcripts  with  the  sources  whence  they  were  derived. 
But  the  difficulties  in  the  way  of  such  a  collation  have 
proved  threefold.  In  the  first  place,  many  of  the  docu- 
ments transcribed  are,  as  will  be  shown  below,  no  longer 
forthcoming ;  secondly,  to  those  series  of  charters  which 
have  not  yet  been  examined  and  catalogued,  by  the 
authorities  in  Erance,  access  is  difficult  to  obtain, 
and  in  some  cases  impossible,  as  in  the  archives  of 
the  Seine  Inf^rieure,  where  the  editor  was  informed 
that  S4rie  H.  was  not  available  for  collation ;  thirdly, 
the  indications  given  by  those  who  executed  the  tran- 
scripts are  insufficient  for  identification,  charters  being 
only  described  (because  then  uncatalogued)  as  existing 
in  certain  archives,  while  the  folio,  in  the  case  of 
a  cartulary,  is  generally  omitted.  It  was  necessary, 
therefore,  to  identify  the  documents  before  undertaking 
their  collation ;  and  this  was  rendered  extremely  laborious 
in  the  case  of  separate  documents,  by  the  system  of 
the  Iwcentaires  Sommwires,  while,  in  that  of  cartularies, 
an  entire  volume  had  to  be  examined  to  discover  the 
folios  from  which  the  text  of  the  charters,  often  but 


X  PEEFACB. 

few  in  number,  had  been  transcribed.  As  the  result, 
howeyer,  of  this  labour,  the  editor  bas  been  enabled  to 
append  the  present  official  reference  for  documents 
inventoried  up  to  date,  together  with  precise  indications 
for  those  derived  from  cartularies. 

Advantage  was  taken  of  the  opportunity  presented  by 
this  work  of  revision  to  traverse  again  the  ground  from 
which  the  transcripts  were  derived,  ia  order  to  ascertain 
whether  any  documents  had  been  omitted.    The  result  was 
a  large  addition  to  the  number  previously  transcribed,  as 
will  be  made  evident  by  those  marginal  references  which 
contain  no  mention  of  a  transcript.      For  instance,  of 
the  forty-five  charters  relating  to  the  abbey  of  Bee  and 
its  priories  (Nos.  357-401),  twenty-nine  have  been  added 
by  the    editor,   including    the    original   grant   of  Little 
Ogboume  manor,  which    corrects    the   received   history 
(No.  374).     From  the  cartulary,  at  Evreux,  of  St.  Taurin's 
abbey,  only  three  charters  were  extracted:   the   editor 
has    added    three    others,    one    of    which    corrects    the 
narrative  of  the  Lacys'  foundation  in  Ireland   of   Fore 
abbey ,^  while    another    contains    welcome    evidence  on 
the  Norman  settlement  of  Gower.     It  would  be  possible 
to    give    many   similar   examples.     In   addition    to   this 
fresh    search  among  the    Norman  archives,  the  editor 
volunteered,  on  his  own  responsibility,  to  explore  certain 
archives  outside  Normandy,  in  order  to  include  in  this 
calendar  such  documents  of  value  as  they  might  contain. 
For  this  purpose  he  visited  Le  Mans,  Angers,  Bordeaux, 
and  other  places,  and  was  thus  enabled  to   supplement 
tne  labours  of  the  Record  Commission,  and  to  calendar 
documents  of  great  interest  for  English  history  in  the 
twelfth  century. 


1  Annals  of  Ireland,  A.D.  1210,  in  Cartularies  of  St.  Mark's  Abbey, 
DubUn  (Rolls),  II.  30. 


PREFACE.  XI 

He  may,  perhaps,  be  permitted  to  state  that  the 
actual  results  are  no  indication  of  the  amount  of  labour 
incurred.  The  examination  of  cartularies  yielded,  in 
some  cases,  but  one  or  two  charters;  in  others,  none 
at  all.  But,  as  the  Bishop  of  Oxford  has  forcibly 
observed,  in  his  lecture  on  "The  Present  Status  and 
Prospects  of  Historical  Study  "  : — 

"  There  are  fields  of  work  in  History  as  well  as  Natural  Science 

in  which  experiment  is  to  be  treated  as   result In 

historical   study  I  should  place   among  the  lawful  researches  and 

results  the  investigation  of  foreign  libraries the 

calendaring  and  cataloguing  of  manuscripts, — all  sorts,  in  fact, 
of  investigation  on  which  it  was  d  priori  reasonabty  probable 
that  discoveries  would  be  made ;  .  .  .  .  even  if  in  that  sense, 
of  result,  there  were  no  result  but  the  discovery  that  there  was 
nothing  to  discover."  ^ 

Such,  in  the  opinion  of  the  recognised  head  of  the 
English  historical  school,  is  the  research  now  needed. 

It  may  here  be  desirable  to  state  the  principle  of 
selection  adopted.  Broadly  speaking,  the  object  of  this 
calendar  is  to  render  practically  useful  to  the  student 
a  great  mass  of  miscellaneous  material,  illustrating 
English  history,  political  and  institutional,  topography, 
genealogy,  and  chronology.  Keeping  in  view  this  object, 
the  editor  has  exercised  his  discretion  as  to  documents 
suitable  for  insertion,  except  in  the  case  of  the  old 
transcripts,  which  he  has  felt  bound  to  utUise.  Some 
of  them,  especially  among  those  executed  by  M.  D'Anisy, 
have  for  an  English  student  a  scarcely  appreciable 
interest ;  and,  in  the  case  of  lengthy  charters,  much  of 
the  material  is  here  omitted  (the  omission  being  duly 
indicated)  as  of  absolutely  no  value  for  the  object 
described  above.  On  the  other  hand,  documents  which, 
at  first  sight,  appear  to  have  no  connexion  with  England, 
have    often  an  indirect  but  important  bearing  on  its 

1  Lectures  on  Mediceval  and  Modern  History,  pp.  41-2. 


xil  PREFACE. 

history.  Some  instances  in  point  will  be  found  below, 
but  it  is,  of  course,  impossible  to  give,  in  all  such  cases, 
the  reasons  for  inclusion. 

All  charters  of  English  kings  and  of  their  immediate 
relatives  have  been  systematically  included.  The  impor- 
tance of  such  evidence  has  only  lately  been  realised^; 
but  it  is  not  too  much  to  say  that  the  history  of  our 
Norman  kings  cannot  be  placed  on  a  sure  documentary 
and  chronological  basis  until  their  charters  have  at  least 
been  calendared,  and,  so  far  as  possible,  dated.  The 
many  chronological  difficulties  of  this  still  obscure  period 
have  led  the  editor  to  include  another  class  of  docu- 
ments, namely,  those  which  afford  proof  that  certain 
persons,  at  a  certain  date,  were  present  at  a  certain 
place. 

The  original  transcribers  were  directed,  it  would  seem, 
not  to  deal  with  any  documents  already  printed  in  the 
Monasticon  Anglicanmn,  and  this  principle  has  been 
here  adhered  to,  although  the  Monasticon  text  is  at 
times  deplorably  corrupt.  Indeed,  in  such  a  case  as 
No.  736,  the  inclusion  of  a  more  correct  version  needs 
no  apology.  Pocuments,  also,  known  to  hare  been 
printed  in  any  publication  of  the  E-ecord  Commission 
are  here  passed  oyer.  But,  in  both  these  classes,  a 
reference  is  given  to  the  place  where  the  text  has  been 
printed;  and  if,  on  collation,  the  MS.  was  found  to 
contain  additional  witnesses,  these  have  been  duly  given. 
In  the  case  of  cartularies  published  abroad  by  societies 
or  private  individuals,  the  documents  printed  in  them 
have  been  included  without  hesitation.  For  it  has 
been  found  by  practical  experience  that  they  remain 
virtually  unknown  to  students  in  this  country.     It  is  not 

1  Cf.  Prof.  Maitland's   "History  from   the  Charter   Roll"    (English 
Historical  Review,  VIII.  726). 


PKErACE,  Xlll 

only  dif&cult  to  ascertain  what  lias  been  printed,  and 
where,  but  it  is  also  impossible  to  discover,  untU 
every  page  has  been  examined,  whether  a  cartulary, 
even  when  knowb,  contains  documents  comprised 
within  the  purview  of  this  calendar.  It  is  believed 
that  the  results  of  such  examination,  as  comprised 
in  these  pages,  will  prove  of  the  greatest  service. 

Before  proceeding  to  further  details,  something  must 

be    said    of    the     foreign    sources    from     which     these 

documents    are    derived.      Por,  in    some    respects,    the 

Prench  system  is  very  different  from  our  own.      The 

most  salient  of  these  differences  is  the  existence  of  a 

record  oflB.ce  ("  Archives  Departementales ")  attached  to 

the  'Prefecture  of  each  Department.     The  records  of  the 

local    religious   houses   are   almost    all   here    preserved; 

and  a  uniform   system  of   classification  exists  in  every 

Department.      The  documents    relating    to  the    secular 

clergy  are    placed    in    "  ^Me    G "    and    those    of    the 

regulars  in  "  84,rie  H  "  :  they  are  preserved  in  numbered 

liasses,    each    of    which    packets   may    contain    several 

documents.      It  is  to  these  numbered  liasses  that  the 

marginal     notes,    in    this     calendar,    refer.       For    the 

"Archives"  of  each  Department  there  is  an  Inventaire 

Sommaire    compiled   by   the   Archiviste    in    charge   (or 

by   successive    Archivistes),  in    which    each   "sirie"   is 

dealt  with  separately.    Except  in  the  smaller  collections, 

such  as  those  at  Evreux  and  Le  Mans,  "  S^rie  H,"  which 

is  the  most  important  for  the  purpose  of  this  calendar, 

has  either  not  been  dealt  with,  or  only  recently  attacked. 

It    may     illustrate    the     difl&culty,    even    for    French 

scholars  themselves,  of  ascertaining  what  evidence  these 

collections  contain,  if  the  editor  mentions  that  he  was 

enabled  to  communicate  to    M.   Paul  Meyer,  Director 

of  the  famous  Scole  des  Chartes,  for  his  great  work  on 


XIV  PEEPACE. 

"  Guillaume  le  Marechal,"  the  existence  of  No.  229, 
of  "whicli  he  was  unaware.  Thus  these  transcripts 
contain  information  which  at  present  is  not  elsewhere 
to  be  found,  even  in  France. 

To  those  familiar  with  the  calendars  of  our  own 
national  records,  the  French  Inventaires  Sommaires  wiU 
appear  strangely  disappointing.  An  index  does  not  form 
part  of  the  scheme,  nor  are  the  documents  arranged 
in  alphabetical  or  chronological  order.  The  labour, 
therefore,  of  discovering  the  liasse  in  which  a  particular 
document  is  contained  is  often,  the  editor  has  found, 
very  great.  At  Rouen,  for  instance,  "  SMe  Gr " 
contains  thousands  of  Masses,  many  of  which  contain 
documents  ranging  over  several  centuries.  A  system 
of  classification  has,  it  is  true,  been  adopted,  but  the 
risk  invariably  attending  any  such  system  in  practice 
is  shown  by  the  fact  that  the  striking  charter  of  John, 
as  count  of  Mortain  (No.  180),  which  the  Archives 
possess  in  duplicate,  is  found  in  two  different  classes, 
one  copy  (G.  4037)  appearing  under  "  Biens  alUn4s" 
and  the  other  (Gr.  4485)  under  "  JBulles  et  Chartes." 
So  too,  the  charters  (Nos.  39,  40)  of  the  duke  and 
duchess  of  Britanny,  although  they  have  absolutely 
the  same  witnesses,  are  found  in  widely  separated 
classes,  the  former  (Gr.  3569)  under  "  Fondations 
Piemes,"  the  latter  (G.  4488)  under  "  Bulles  et 
Chartes.'^  The  searcher,  therefore,  caimot  rely  on  such 
classification  as  a  guide. 

The  Archives  Nationales  need  not  be  discussed,  as 
few  of  the  documents  here  calendared  are  derived 
from  that  source;  but  something  must  be  said  of  the 
public  libraries,  which  contain  a  large  proportion  of 
them.  A  few  of  the  local  cartularies  are  found  in 
the  Archives  B^partementales,  but    the    bulk   of  them 


\0 


PREFACE.  XV 

are  preserved  in  libraries,  where  they  are  easily  acces- 
sible. This,  however,  is  not  the  case  with  the  vast 
collection  of  original  MSS.,  cartularies,  transcripts,  and 
collections  in  the  BihliotJieque  Nationale  itself.  The 
very  valuable  class  catalogue  in  the  MS.  Department 
of  the  British  Museum  enables  the  searcher  to  discover 
at  a  glance,  under  "  Religious  orders  and  monasteries," 
the  MS.  material  there  available  for  any  given  religious 
house.  The  French  institution  has  nothing  of  the 
kind.  Indeed,  the  editor  ventures  to  assert,  from 
practical  experience  in  preparing  this  work,  that  the 
oflBlcials  themselves  are  not  able  to  supply  such  infor- 
mation, or  to  thread  their  way  in  search  of  it,  through 
their  labyrinth  of  "fonds."  Partly  by  the  references 
given  in  the  footnotes  to  printed  books,  and  partly 
from  information  supplied  by  friends,  whose  valuable 
help  will  be  acknowledged  below,  he  was  gradually 
enabled  to  examine  the  MSS.  likely  to  afEord  informa- 
tion ;  but  he  has  probably  by  no  means  exhausted  the 
material  Ixu-king  in  the  MSS.  of  this  magnificent 
collection. 

To  the  examination  of  the  above  MSS.  the  editor 
attached  great  importance  because,  while  separate  docu- 
ments, whether  originals  or  copies,  are  almost  all 
preserved  in  the  Archives  Departementales,  the  car- 
tularies, as  in  the  case  of  St.  Evroul,  or  the  valuable 
transcripts,  made  from  the  originals  before  their  dispersal 
by  former  antiquaries,  are  largely  preserved  at  Paris. 
It  is,  therefore,  absolutely  necessary,  as  will  be  seen 
from  the  pages  of  this  calendar,  that  the  examination 
of  records  in  the  provinces  should  be  supplemented 
by  study  of  the  relative  MSS.  preserved  in  the  central 
depository. 

e     92684.  }) 


Xvi  t'EEFACES. 

But,  though  this  examination  has  enabled  the  editor 
to  complete  and  to  supplement  the  labours  of  those  who 
transcribed  for  the  Record  Commission,  it  has  greatly 
increased  the  complication  of  the  task.  When  the 
transcript  is  in  London,  the  cartulary  in  Paris,  and  the 
original  or  quasi- original  in  the  Archives  of  some 
department,  it  is  obviously  no  easy  matter  to  secure  a 
satisfactory  text,  or  to  revise  the  proofs  when  they 
are  passing  through  the  press.  And  the  difficulty  is 
increased  when  the  transcriber,  as  is  too  frequently 
the  case,  has  extended  a  word  without  warning  and 
extended  it  wrongly.  Por  the  London  transcripts,  it 
must  be  remembered,  were  made  the  basis  of  the  text. 
As  if  these  obstacles  were  not  enough,  the  references 
given  for  the  transcripts  have  ceased,  in  cases,  to  be 
accurate.  For  instance,  when  M.  D'Anisy  made  his 
transcripts  from  the  charters  belonging  to  the  Abbey 
of  Savigny,  they  were  all  preserved  at  Mortain:  some 
are  now  in  the  Archives  Nationales ;  others  are  in  the 
Archives  of  La  Manche ;  and  a  few,  so  far  as  the  editor 
could  discover,  are  no  longer  to  be  found.  Again 
while  many  documents  are  not  now  forthcoming,  others, 
described  as  in  private  hands,  when  copied,  are  now  in 
Departmental  Archives.  It  is  hoped,  therefore,  that 
allowance  will  be  made  for  the  many  difficulties  sur- 
rounding a  work  of  this  peculiar  character,  differing,  as 
it  does,  so  widely  from  an  ordinary  calendar  of  records 
that  special  methods  had  to  be  devised  for  the  treatment 
and  arrangement  of  its  contents. 

A  belief,  however,  may  be  confidently  expressed  that 
its  practical  value  for  the  student  of  the  period  with 
which  it  deals  outweighs  by  far  the  drawbacks  to  which 
reference  has  here  been  made.    Instances  in  point  will 


PREFACE.  xvii 

be  given  below;  but  apart  from  these,  it  has  three 
features  to  which  attention  should  be  drawn.  It  is,  in 
the  first  place,  needful  to  explain  that  many  of  the 
documents  here  calendared  have  now  disappeared  from 
the  Departmental  Archives.  At  Caen,  for  example, 
the  editor  was  informed  by  the  able  Archwisfe  of  the 
Calvados  that  there  is  no  trace  in  the  Archives  now 
of  the  charters  relating  to  the  English  priories  of  the 
abbey  of  St.  Pierre-sur-Dives  (Nos.  578-589).  It  is, 
obviously,  desirable  to  allude  as  briefly  as  possible  to 
a  subject  of  some  delicacy ;  but  it  is  an  open  secret 
among  French  experts  that  the  Norman  Archives  have, 
in  the  past,  suffered  serious  losses.  Considerable  interest, 
therefore,  was  aroused  by  the  editor's  announcement 
that  copies  of  certain  lost  documents  existed  in  these 
transcripts.  The  marginal  notes  record  the  fact  that, 
when  transcribed,  they  were  in  the  Archives,  but  the 
proportion  of  them  now  missing  wiU  not  be  ascer- 
tained until  the  Inventaires  of  those  remaining  have 
been  completed. 

The  second  feature  of  special  value  is  that,  as  has 
been  explained  above,  this  calendar  contains  informa- 
tion, not  available  even  in  France,  as  to  the  contents 
of  those  Archives  which  have  not  yet  been  explored 
and  catalogued. 

Lastly,  it  is  difficult  to  over-estimate  the  advantage 
of  collecting  in  a  single  volume  so  large  a  number 
of  documents  relating  to  one  period.  By  the  help  of 
the  index  it  will  now  be  possible  not  only  to  determine 
several  points  hitherto  obscure  in  history  and  biography, 
but  also  to  date  and  explain  other  documents  of  the 
period,  which  may  hereafter  be  brought  to  light, 
whether  in  England  or  in  France.  For  this  purpose 
the    Monasticon    is  useless,    apart    from    its   bulk    and 

b  2 


2V111  PREFACE. 

miscellaneous  character,  because  there  is  no  attempt  to 
date  the  dateless  documents  it  contains,  and,  above 
all,  from  that  want  of  an  index  of  names  and  places, 
which  it  shares  with  the  Inventaires  Sommaires  and 
with  some  printed  cartularies. 

The  value  of  a  document,  for  historical  use,  must  be 
so  largely  dependent  on  its  correct  dating,  that  every 
effort  has  been  made  to  avoid,  in  this  calendar,  the 
assignment  of  a  wrong  or  doubtful  date.  There  is, 
in  the  editor's  belief,  no  limit  to  the  errors  that  may 
arise  even  from  a  single  mistake;  and  he  has,  there- 
fore, acted  throughout  on  the  principle  that  a  wrong 
date  is  worse  than  none  at  all.  In  some  cases,  after 
full  research,  he  has  preferred  to  specify  no  date ;  in 
others,  he  has  adopted  a  wide  limit,  in  order  to  be 
absolutely  safe.  Where  the  date  is  accompanied  by  a 
note  of  interrogatiou,  it  is  given  as  highly  probable, 
but  not  definitely  proved.  It  must,  of  course,  be  borne 
in  mind  that  these  documents  had  to  be  dated  without 
such  assistance  as  this  very  volume,  by  means  of  its 
index,  wUl  afford. 

The  use  which,  both  privately  and  officially,  has 
been  made  of  Mr.  Eyton's  well-known  work^  renders 
necessary  some  remarks  on  the  system  therein  adopted. 
It  was  the  author's  endeavour  to  assign,  from  its 
contents  or  from  the  names  of  its  witnesses,  every 
charter  of  Henry  II.  to  some  moment  in  his  reign. 
But  neither  his  industry  nor  his  skill  could  enable  him 
to  attain  success  in  what,  from  the  nature  of  the  case, 
was  an  impossible  undertaking.  A  limit  of  date, — 
often  a  wide  one, — is  usually  all  that  is  possible. 

The  danger  of  attempting  more  is  shown  by  the 
fact  that  charters  here  brought  to  light  are  destructive 

1  Court^  household,  and  itinerary  of  Henry  II, 


PREFACE.  xix 

of    some    of    Mr.    Byton's    dates.       Por    instance,    the 
great  charter  of   confirmation  in   favour  of  the  abbey 
of    BocherviUe    (No.    211),    with    which    he    was    not 
acquainted,   may,    with    almost    absolute   certainty,    be 
assigned    to    1180,    for    it    is    subsequent    to    WUliam 
Fitz    Ralf  becoming  seneschal  of   Normandy,    and,    it 
may  safely  be  assumed,  to  the  king's  return  there  in 
April  1180.      But  as  the  charters  to    this  abbey  and 
that  of  St.  Victor  en  Caux  printed  in  the  Monasticon,^ 
were   similarly    granted    at    Lillebonne,  and    have    the 
same  witnesses,  we  may  assign  these  also  to  1180,  and 
not,   as    Mr.   Eyton    thought,   to    1173.^       It    may    be 
added    that    the    BocherviUe    charter    (No.   210)   is    of 
interest  also  for  its  late  mention  of  the  chancellor  Ralf 
and    his    deputy,   and    for    the    occurrence,    among    its 
witnesses    of  several   officers    whose    names    are    found 
on   the   Norman   exchequer  roll   of  1180.      John  count 
of    Vend6me    had    possibly  come    to    court   to   secure, 
through    the    king,    his    absolution    by    the    bishop   of 
Chartres  this  year.      Another  and  particularly  striking 
case    is     that     of    the    king's    great    charter    of     con- 
firmation   to    the    abbey  of    St.   Sauveur,    which    Mr. 
Eyton   places   early  in  1157^;   for  among  the    gifts  it 
confirms  is  that  of  William  de  Soliers  (No.  979),  which 
is    given    by  M.   D'Anisy  a  little    further  on,   and    is 
dated  1160. 

It  need  hardly  be  said  that  these  remarks  are  in  no 
way  intended  to  discredit  the  labours  of  a  pioneer :  their 
only  object  is  to  demonstrate  that  his  scheme  is  not 
practicable,  and  to  justify  the  adoption,  in  this  calendar, 
of  a  more  cautious  system. 

As  a  typical  instance  of  the  difficulties  presented  by 
Henry's  charters,  and  of  the  help  that  one  document 

1  VI.  1067,  1106,  a  p.  174.  s  p.  24. 


XX  PREFACE. 

may  give  for  dating  others,  one  may  take  the  ia- 
teresting  group  of  those  to  the  abbeys  of  Prdaux, 
St.  Mary  of  Longues  (No.  1450),  and  St.  Stephen  of 
Caen  (No.  1413a),  on  p.  282  of  Mr.  Eyton's  work.  To 
these  we  may  add  one  granted  to  the  Priory  of 
Ste.  Barbe  (No.  573),  which  he  appears  to  have  over- 
looked, and  one  to  the  Hospice  of  Montjoux^  of  which 
the  seven  witn'esses  are  all  found  among  those  who 
witnessed  the  charter  to  Preaux.  The  Montjoux  docu- 
ment dates  the  group  by  its  mention  of  the  bishop- 
elect  of  Coventry  ;  but  even  the  limit  so  obtained  is 
no  narrower  than  three  years,  1185-1187.  Now  the 
king  was  in  Normandy  for  twelve  months  from  April 
1185,  and  again  for  eleven  months  from  the  February 
of  1187.  To  which  of  these  two  visits  does  the  group 
belong  ?  Mr.  Eyton  assigned  it,  without  hesitation,  to 
the  close  of  1187.  But  a  very  important  document 
(No.  1084),  calendared  in  this  volume,  reveals  the 
entourage  of  the  king  at  Gisors,  March  11,  1186  ; 
and  of  the  nine  names  there  mentioned,  eight  are 
found  as  witnesses  to  the  group  of  charters  in  question, 
while  we  can  actually  account  for  the  ninth,^  as  the 
Pipe  EoU  specially  records  that  he  arrived  in  Normandy, 
this  year,  from  England.^  We  can  hardly,  therefore, 
hesitate  to  assign  this  group  of  charters  to  the  king's 
earlier  visit  in  1185,  with  a  probability  that  it  was 
previous  to  the  above  gathering  at  Gisors. 

But,  although  groups  of  individuals  may  thus  be 
evidence  of  date,  the  presence,  among  the  witnesses  to 
a  charter,  of  some  prominent  personage  whose  move- 
ments are  believed  to  be  known  has  been  too  rashly 
relied    on,  at  times,  for   that   purpose.       It   would   be 

1  Charter  EoU,  13  Edw.  I.  n.  S6  (where  Bathon'  is  clearly  an  error  for 
Baioc). 

■''  Bernard  de  St.  Valery.  a  Eyton,  p.  267. 


PREFACE.  xxi 

possible  to  select  from  the  documents  in  this  calendar 
instances  of  the  presence  of  such  persons  at  times 
and  at  places  where,  it  would  be  held,  they  are  not 
likely  to  have  been.  The  famous  Nigel,  bishop  of  Ely, 
is  supposed  not  to  have  left  England  between  his  pro- 
motion to  that  see  (1133)  and  the  death  of  Henry  I. 
(1135).  Yet  two  documents  here  (Nos.  290,  590)  reveal 
him  in  Normandy  at  the  court  of  that  king.  His 
great  successor,  Longchamp,  is  believed  to  have  parted 
from  Richard  at  Dover  in  1189,  being  left  by  him  in 
England.  Yet  we  here  find  him  (No.  1346)  attesting 
a  charter  of  that  king  in  the  neighbourhood  of  St. 
Omer,  so  that  he  must  have  accompanied  his  sovereign 
across  the  channel.  William  Marshal,  again,  a  no  less 
prominent  personage,  was  sent  over  to  England  by 
John,  in  1199,  to  prepare  the  way  for  his  accession. 
It  would  be  deemed  improbable  that  he  could  have 
returned  before  John  left  Normandy;  and  yet  we  find 
them  at  Dieppe  together  on  May  21  (No.  112).  We  see, 
therefore,  that  the  movements  even  of  leading  men  are 
not  known  to  us  with  sufficient  certainty  to  form  a 
trustworthy  criterion  of  date.  Those  of  the  most  restless 
of  our  kings  are  themselves  difficult  to  follow.  No 
one'would  imagine  from  his  "itinerary,"  in  Mr.  Eyton's 
work,  that  Henry  Eitz  Empress  was  at  Grioucester, 
surrounded  by  a  crowd  of  notables  on  December  13, 
1157.  And  yet,  from  the  Gloucester  cartulary,^  the  fact 
is  certain. 

No.  1364  can  be  assigned  with  tolerable  certainty  to 
Henry's  visit  to  Hesdin  (1187),^  and  thus  confirms  the 
mention  of  that  visit  by  E,alf  de  Diceto.    It  also  confirms 

1  Vol.  II.  p.  105. 

^  Unless  he  stayed  there  when  leaving  Prance  in  June  1184  or  returning 
there  in  April  1185,  of  which  there  is  no  evidence. 


XXU  PREFACE. 

the  statement  in  the  Oesta  that  the  count  of  Planders 
was  -with  him  there,  hut  corrects  the  same  writer's 
assertion  that  the  earl  of  Essex  awaited  him  at  Aumale. 
We  can  actually  date  this  charter  to  a  day  (February 
18),  in  spite  of  four  elaborate  notes  in  Mr.  Byfcon's 
work  (pp.  276-278),  rejecting  the  dates  in  the  Gesta, 
in  Ealf  de  Diceto,  and  in  Gervase,  on  the  groimd  that 
according  to  Jocelyn  de  Brakelond,  the  king  did  not 
leave  England  till  February  27.  A  careful  investigation 
will  show  that  Jocelyn  himself  says  nothing  of  the 
date  at  which  the  king  left,  and  that  Mr.  Eyton  must 
have  taken  this  date  from  an  editorial  note,^  in  which 
the  authority  vouched  for  it  is  no  other  than  the 
Gesta;  so  that  this  "27th  February"  (on  which  the 
argument  rests)  is  a  mere  printer's  (or  editor's)  error 
for  17th  February  (the  date  of  Henry's  arrival  at 
Witsand  in  the  Gesta). 

It  has  been  impossible  of  course,  to  give  the  reasons 
throughout  for  dates  which  would  often  require  a 
somewhat  lengthy  explanation.  But  in  one  instance, 
at  least,  such  an  explanation  is  required ;  and  this 
instance  must  sufB.ce. 

The  date  of  Nos.  31-33  is  of  importance,  but  of 
considerable  difficulty,  as  they  might  belong  to  1175  or 
1179.  The  clue  is  afforded  by  No.  30,  which — from  the 
bishop  of  "Winchester  appearing  as  "  elect "  —  must 
have  been  granted  when  the  king  was  waiting  to  cross 
from  Portsmouth,  August  8,  1174.  He  is  known  to 
have  so  waited  at  Stokes  (Bay)  three  years  later  (July  9 
1177),  so  this  charter  being  granted  "apud  Stokes" 
harmonises  with  the  supposition  that  he  was  waiting 
to  cross  from  Portsmouth.  Now  the  confirmation  by 
the  young  king  (No.  31),  being  executed  at  Westminster, 

'  Ed.  Camden  Soc,  p.  134. 


PREFACE.  xxiii 

must  be  subsequent  to  his  reconciliation  with  his  father 
in  the  autumn  of  1174,  and  cannot  therefore  be  earlier 
than  the  middle  of  May  1175,  when  father  and  son 
returned  to  England.  As  this  act  of  confirmation  would 
not  be  delayed  till  the  summer  of  1179 — the  next  possible 
date,  we  must  place  it  previous  to  the  young  king's 
departure  from  England  in  March  1176,  and  may  assign 
it,  with  some  confidence,  to  the  summer  of  1175.  But 
this  conclusion  dates  No.  33,  for  the  witnesses  are  almost 
identical;  and  No.  33,  again,  dates  No.  32,  of  which 
it  is  the  confirmation.  And  with  this  conclusion  the 
witnesses  to  No.  32  are  in  perfect  agreement. 

But,  further,  the  original  transaction  confirmed  by 
Nos.  32,  33,  is  recorded  in  a  document  not  tran- 
scribed by  M.  DeviUe,  though  it  is  preserved  (G.  4362) 
in  the  Archives  of  the  Seine  Inferieure.  By  this 
charter  Hawise  wife  of  Bernard  Oomin  sells  to  "Walter 
de  Coutances,  treasurer  of  the  church  of  Bouen, 
a  portion  of  the  inheritance  of  Ralf  Eitz  Stephen  her 
brother  "  publice  in  plena  communia  Eothomagi,  coram 
"  Bartholomeo  Eergant,  tunc  majore  Rotomagi,  testibus : 
"  Hugone  de  Cressi,  R[icardo]  abbate  Mortuimaris,^ 
"  Willelmo  de  Malapalude,  Willelmo  de  Brealte,  Galtero 
"  filio  Ger[oldi] "  etc.  Another  charter  to  the  same 
effect  (G.  4363),  in  which  "  Robert "  is  substituted  for 
"  EaK "  (according  to  the  Inventaire)  is  also  "  actum 
publice,"  but  "  coram  Rotrodo  Rothomagi  archiepiscopo, 
"  Roberto  decano,  Radulfo  cancellario,  Petro  cantore." 
Having  dated  the  above  royal  charters,  we  can  now 
assert  that  these  Rouen  documents  cannot  be  later  than 
1175,  which  carries  back  the  Mayoralty  of  Bartholomew 
Eergant  and  the    full  communal    organisation  to  that 

1  1174-July  1179. 


XXiy  PREFACE. 

date.^  The  first  appearance  of  a  mayor  of  Eouen  has 
been  hitherto  assigned,  by  Prench  antiquaries,  to  1177/ 
and  the  earlier  date  here  ascertained  is  important  not 
merely  for  municipal  history,  but  for  its  bearing  on_ 
other  documents,  such  as  No.  29,  the  date  of  which  is 
discussed,  but  left  undecided  in  the  Introduction  to  the 
"  Lay-Folks'  Mass  Book  "  (pp.  xliii.-xlix.).* 

In  his  great  monograph  on  the  Etablissements  de 
Bouen,  M.  Giry  accepted  1177  as  the  earliest  date  for 
the  appearance  of  the  Mayor,*  and  wrote  accordingly 
that  the  documents  available  do  not  decide  the  question 
of  precedence  between  Eouen  and  La  Rochelle,  as  they 
only  prove  that  the  common  municipal  organisation 
was  adopted  at  Eouen  between  1177  and  1183,  and  at 
La  Eochelle  between  1169  and  1199.^  But  as,  from 
these  documents,  we  can  carry  back  to  1175  at  latest 
the  appearance  of  a  mayor  at  Eouen,  so,  at  La  Eochelle, 
we  can  advance  the  limit  from  1169  to  1175.  For  the 
charter  by  which  that  town  received  from  Henry  II.  its 
commune  (No.  1251)  must  clearly  be  assigned  to  February 
1175,  though  dated  by  M.  Marchegay  1170,  and  cautiously 
placed  by  M.  Giry  between  1169  and  1178.^  In  further 
illustration  of  what  has  been  said  as  to  the  incomplete 
acquaintance  of  French  and  English  scholars  with  one 
another's  labours,  it  may  be  observed  that  M.  Giry 
(1883)  was  restricted  to  the  outline  itinerary  of 
Henry  II.  given  by  Stubbs,  and  evidently  did  not 
know  of  Mr.  Eyton's  work  (1878).  The  above  charter 
was   granted  at  Le  Mans,  and  must  belong    to  April 

1  These  two  documents,  together  with  the  confirmation  by  the  young 
king  (which  is  there  wrongly  given  as  by  Henry  II.  himself)  are  assigned 
in  the  official  Inventaire  Sommaire  (1881)  to  "vers  1189"  (p.  355)  an 
impossible  date. 

2  Cheruel's  Commune  de  Rouen. 

3  Early  English  Text  Society,  N"o.  71. 

M.  28.  6  1.67-68.  «1. 64. 


PREFACE.  XXV 

1174  or  February  1175.  Now  we  know  that  Ricliard, 
who  was  present  at  the  time,  was  at  Le  Mans  with 
the  king  on  the  latter  occasion,  and  cannot  have  been 
on  the  former,  when  he  was  in  open  revolt.  To  this 
it  may  be  added  that  five  of  its  witnesses  (Stephen, 
bishop  of  Rennes,  Maurice  de  Oraon,  Pulk  Paynel, 
Josbert  de  Pr^cigny  and  Geoffrey  de  Perche)  are 
known  to  have  been  with  the  king  in  Normandy 
two  months  before  (Eyton,  p.  186). 

The  dating  of  No.  1167  was  a  matter  of  anxious  con- 
sideration. Circumscribed  within  (September)  1055  and 
1064  by  the  names  of  the  archbishop  of  Rouen  and 
the  abbot  of  Marmoutier,  it  is  here  recorded  in  a 
charte-notice  which,  being  of  later  date,  interpolates 
in  two  places,  the  count's  subsequent  kingship.  As 
"  bishop  Grervase "  can  be  no  other  than  Gervase, 
bishop  of  Le  Mans,  who  had  taken  refuge  at  WiUiam's 
court,  and  became  archbishop  of  Rheims  in  October 
1055,  the  date  seems  fixed  to  the  narrow  limit  Sept.- 
Oct.  1055.^  Yet  the  names  are  more  suggestive  of  a 
date  ten  years  later.  Among  them  are  all  five  of 
those  who  append  their  signa  to  a  charter  of  1066 
(No.  73),  while  a  number  of  them  are  on  the  list 
of  those  who  contributed  ships  for  the  duke's  invasion 
of  England.^ 

The  date  assigned  in  the  margin  to  No.  817  is 
similarly  determined  by  the  name  of  Pope  Lucius  III., 
but  the  contents  of  No.  818  suggest  that  the  Pope's 
name  should  rather  be  Lucius  XL,  and  the  date  forty 
years  earlier. 

As  experts  know,  a  frequent  snare  is  set,  in  scribes' 
copies,  by  the  trick  of  assigning,  as  above,  to  a  king 

1  Robert  the  other  bishop  has  not  been  identified.  Robert  of  Jumifeges 
would  hardly  be  so  styled. 

2  Lord  Lyttelton's  Henry  II.  App.  I.,  p.  463. 


XXVI  PREFACE. 

or  noble  a  style  he  did  not  bear  till  a  date  later  than 
the  charter.  An  interesting  example  of  this  is  found 
in  No.  113,  which  assigns  to  William  I.  his  regal 
style.  M.  Delisle  who  cites  this  document  as  a  "  Fausse 
charte,"  writes : — 

La  faussetd  de  cette  charte  r^sulte  de  ce  que  Guillaume  y 
prend  le  titre  de  roi  d'Angleterre,  et  de  ce  qu'elle  est  souscrite 
par  plusieurs  personnes  dont  la  mort  arriva  avant  1066.^ 

The  editor,  however,  ventures  to  hold  that  this  is 
a  charter  of  the  critical  years  1035-1037,  and  that  the 
list  of  witnesses  is  wholly  consistent  with  that  date, 
allowing  for  the  interpolation  by  a  long  subsequent 
scribe,  in  accordance  with  a  mischievous  practice,  of 
an  ante-dated  style.  Among  them,  indeed,  is  an 
archbishop  "  Gringolor,"  whose  name  may  sound 
suspicious ;  but  he  is  no  other  than  "  Junkeneus," 
who  is  found  in  charters  as  "  archbishop "  of  Dol  so 
late  as  1032,  and  whose  successor  does  not  occur  before 
1040.^ 

Less  comprehensible  is  such  a  slip  as  in  No.  357, 
in  which  the  king's  style  is  not  of  later  but  of  earlier 
date  than  the  document.  This  charter,  which  probably 
contains  quite  the  earliest  mention  of  Hythe,  might 
well  be  dated  before  the  Conquest,  did  it  not  relate 
to  lands  in  England.  The  only  year  to  which  it  seems 
possible  to  assign  it  is  1067 ;  and  in  this  year  Hugh  de 
Moutfort  was  actively  employed  in  England.  "We 
should,  hardly,  therefore  expect  to  find  him  in  Normandy 
with  William. 

Lastly,  the  style  may  be  right  and  the  date  in  the 
charter  wrong.  Thus  No.  412  seems  to  be  accepted  as 
a  document  of  1061  by  M.  Delisle,  who  observes  of  it : — 


1  Histoire    .     .     .     .     de  St.  Sauveur,  p.  48. 

2  Gallia  Christiana  XIV.  1045. 


PREFACE.  xxvii 

Le  titre  de  roi  donn^  k  Guillaume  le  Bsltard  dans  une  charte 
de  I'annde  1061  suffit  pour  montrer  que  le  texte  de  cette  charte 
a  6t6  remani^  apr^s  coup.^ 

It  appears  to  the  editor  more  probable  that  this 
charter  may  actually  belong  to  the  Council  of  Lille- 
bonne  in.  1080  (held,  as  the  charter  records,  at 
Whitsuntide),  a  date  in  accordance  with  the  names  of 
the  five  prelates  (except  Hugh  bishop  of  Lisieux, 
whom  Gilbert  had  replaced  three  years  before)  together 
with  those  of  WLUiam  de  Breteuil  and  Ralf  de  Conches 
(i.e.,  de  Tosni),  who  bad  probably  made  their  peace. 
In  this  case  the  date  given  in  the  document  is 
altogether  wrong,  and  the  right  one  is  25  May,  1080. 

In  spite  of  the  great  and  just  reputation  of  Erench 
scholars  in  Diplomatique,  and  of  the  fact  that  the 
Archivistes  are  trained  in  the  Ecole  des  Chartes,  the 
editor  has  felt  compelled  to  differ,  as  to  the  dates  of 
some  documents,  not  only  from  these  skilled  officials, 
but  from  some  of  the  greatest  authorities  in  France 
(Nos.  307,  763,  999,  1016,  1162,  1200^).  He  has, 
however,  in  such  cases,  been  careful  to  record  the 
dates  which  they  have  adopted.  No.  1280,  of  interest 
for  its  bearing  on  our  own  Gonstitutio  domus  regis, 
presents  great  diflEiculties,  as  the  witnesses'  names  are 
probably  corrupt.  The  name  of  Robert  de  Curci 
proves  that  1157  is  the  latest  possible  date,  while, 
if  E.[obert]  de  Ver  were  a  witness,  his  name  would 
be  decisive  proof  that  the  charter  was  one  of  Henry  I. 
about  the  close  of  his  reign.  It  must,  therefore,  be 
concluded  that  he  was  not.^ 

1  Histoire    .     .     .     .    de  St  Sauveur,  p.  36. 

*  Cf.  p.  xxiv.  note  i. 

3  Before  leaving  the  subject  of  dates  the  editor  would  correct  an 
unfortunate  slip  in  No.  432,  detected  by  him  while  these  pages  were 
passing  through  the  press.  The  date  ("  mclxxxii.")  is  wrongly  given 
in  the  text,  as  "  mclxxiil"  As  Henry  II.  did  actually  spend  the  Christmas 
of  H73  at  Caen,  the  latter  date  seemed  at  first  fully  confirmed. 


xxvui  PREFACE. 

SbnietBng  must  now  be  said  of  the  charai3ter  of 
those  transcripts  on  which  this  calendar  is  based.  The 
great  bulk  of  them  is  contained  in  Nos.  140  A,  140  B 
of  the  foreign  transcript  series  in  the  Public  Record 
Office,  which  are  devoted  respectively  to  Upper  and 
Lower  Normandy.  The  latter,  known  as  D'Anisy's 
transcripts,  consists  of  three  volumes,  and,  being  care- 
fully arranged  and  bound  and  deposited  in  the  search- 
room,  is  tolerably  familiar  and  was  used  by  Mr.  Eyton 
for  his  Itinerary  of  Henry  II.  Of  Deville's  transcripts 
(1.40  A)  on  the  other  hand,  the  existence  was  practi- 
cally forgotten ;  and  Mr.  Eyton,  consequently  did  not 
know  of  these  valuable  materials  for  his  work.  They 
are  not  indexed,  but  a  list  of  them  is  given  in  the 
unindexed  and  unpublished  Cooper's  "  Appendix  to 
Eoedera,  B,  0,  D." 

In  a  Latin  preface,  dated  January  23,  1835,  M.  Deville 
explains  that  the  documents  he  has  transcribed  were 
examined  by  him,  during  1833  and  1834,  in  the 
archives  and  the  public  and  private  libraries  of  Upper 
Normandy  (now  the  Departments  of  Seine-Inferieure 
and  Eure).  He  claims  that  the  transcripts  are  most 
carefully  made  from  charters,  cartularies,  "vidimus," 
or  other  authentic  sources,  the  place  where  the  docu- 
ments were  found  specified,  and  the  preservation  of 
seals  noted.  In  cases  where  the  documents  had  been 
previously  published,  he  justifies  his  transcripts  as  giving 
a  more  perfect  text.  The  character  of  his  work  is 
distinctly  good,  although  collation  has  revealed  an 
occasional  mistake. 

Eor  a  report  on  the  Archives  of  Lower  Normandy, 
comprising  the  modern  Departments  of  Orne,  La 
Manche,  and  Calvados,  the  Commission  were  fortunate 
in    securing    the    services    of   M.    Lechaud^    D'Anisy, 


who,'  as  a  labour  of  Ibve,'  had  deroted  six  years  to 
examining  and  calendaring  the  vast  collection  in  the 
departmental  Archives  of  Calvados.  He  had  been 
successful  in  bringing  to  light  over  ten  thousand 
documents,  of  which  nothing  had  been  known,  and 
had  executed  drawings  of  more  than  500  of  the  seals 
still  appendant  to  them.  The  result  of  these  labours 
is  seen  in  the  7th  and  8th  volumes  of  the  MSmoires 
de  la  Society  des  Antiquaires  de  Normandie  (ISSdi) 
and  in  the  accompanying  "Atlas"  (1835),  containing 
drawings  of  the  seals  he  had  selected  and  illustrations 
of  Palseography.  His  general  observations  on  Norman 
Diplomatique  will  be  found  in  his  Introduction  to  the 
first  of  these  volumes.^ 

Accepting     with     enthusiasm,    he    writes,    the    task 

entrusted  to   him,  in   spite   of   his   age  and   his   feeble 

health,  M.  D'Anisy  extended  his  researches  to  the  rest 

of   Lower    Normandy ;    and,   through    his    labours,   the 

Record    Commission    became    the    means    of    making 

known  documents  of  which  the  existence  had  hitherto 

been  unsuspected.      To    the  value   of  its  initiative   in 

that  respect  he  bore  striking  testimony.     After  describing 

how    the    archives    of    Mont    St.  Michel  were  carried 

off  to  St.  L6,   and  there  exposed  to    rain    and    wind, 

whUe    a    damp    tower,    over    an  ice-house,  was    being 

prepared  for  their  reception,  he  exclaims : — 

"C'est  dans  cet  etat  que  ces  actes  furent  jetes  sans  ordre 
dans  ce  d6p6t  devorant  et  dans  lequel  ils  achevferent  de  se 
decomposer.  Honneur  done  a  la  Commission  des  Archives 
d'Angleterre  a  laquelle  la  France  sera  redevable  de  ces  documents 


1  A  somewhat  low  opinion  of  M.  D'Anisy's  scholarship  is  entertained 
in  Prance  ;  but  although  he  occasionally  made  curious  mistakes  (as  in 
No.  748,  where  he  completely  misled  Mr.  Eyton  by  reading  "  Kadun  "  for 
"  Rading"),  the  editor  has  found  his  work,  as  a  whole,  stand  the  test  of 
collation  with  success. 


XXX  PREFACE. 

pr^cieux    qui   infailliblement    eussent    et^    perdus    sans    I'appel 
qu'elle  fit  en  1833  aux  antiquaires  fran9ais.^ 

A  no  less  remarkable  discovery  was  made  by  him 
at  Mortain,  where  he  found  in  a  garret,  concealed 
beneath  a  layer  of  dirt  and  dust,  a  foot  in  thickness, 
the  magnificent  collection  of  charters  and  seals  be- 
longing to  the  abbey  of  Savigny,  which  had  been 
thrown  there  in  the  tumults  of  1793.  The  results  of 
this  notable  find  are  contained  in  the  third  volume 
of  his  transcripts,  fos.  57-174. 

To  the  three  volumes  in  which  are  embodied  the  fruits 
of  M.  D'Anisy's  researches,  he  gave  the  name  of  a 
"  Cartulary  of  Lower  Normandy,"*  the  leading  idea  that 
he  kept  in  view  being  the  formation  of  a  Mbnasticon 
Anglo-Normanniciim} 

The  prominence  his  scheme  of  work  assigned  to  the 
history  of  the  religious  houses  themselves  led  him  to 
include  many  documents  which  cannot  be  legitimately 
said  to  bear  on  English  history.  Indeed,  at  the  close  of 
his  Introduction,  he  frankly  admitted  that  he  had  pre- 
ferred to  include  documents  unduly  rather  than  to  leave 
out  any  that  might  prove  of  service.  It  has,  therefore, 
been  found  necessary  to  omit  from  the  present  calendar 
several  of  the  charters  he  transcribed.  On  the  other 
hand,  he  was  so  careful,  in  accordance  vdth  the  in- 
structions he  received,  not  to  include  anything  that  was 
already  accessible  in  print,  that  it  has  hardly  been 
necessary  to  reject  on  that  ground  anything  be  selected 
for  iaclusion. 


1  Vol.  II.  fo.  201. 

2  «  Cartulaire  de  la  Basse-Normandie,  ou  Copie  des  Chartes,  et  autres 
actes  concernant  les  biens  et  privileges  concedes  en  Angleterre  a  diverses 
maisons  religieuBes,  accompagnee  des  sceaux  et  contre-sceaux  Anglo- 
Normands  qui  etoient  encore  appendus  k  ces  memes  actes." 

3  Preface  to  Vol.  I. 


PEErACE.  xxxi 

In  the  Preface  to  this  MS.  "  Cartulaire,"  and  in  his 
Introduction  to  Vol.  VII.  of  the  Memoires  {ut  supra) 
M.  D'Anisy  dwelt  on  the  vicissitudes  the  archives  of 
Normandy  had  undergone.  In  the  15th  century  the 
English,  on  their  departure,  had  taken  with  them,  it  is 
said,  many  of  the  recotds  relating  to  its  religious  houses. 
Conversely,  in  the  following  century,  monks  fleeing 
from  the  English  Reformation,  brought  over,  he  alleges, 
with  them  English  charters  for  safe  keeping.  The 
effects  of  the  Great  Revolution  were  most  disastrous  on 
these  archives,  for  although  it  made  them  accessible  to 
the  public,  it  exposed  them  to  negligent  and  reckless 
treatment,  with  the  result  that  a  large  proportion  was 
lost,  alienated,  or  injured,  while  many  of  the  finest 
charters  were  deliberately  employed  to  make  cartridge 
cases  for  the  navy.  As  if  this  were  not  sufl&cient,  it 
was  decreed  on  June  25, 1794,  that  aU  documents  recall- 
ing English  domination  in  France  were  to  be  destroyed.^ 
It  is  certainly  remarkable,  under  these  circiunstances, 
that  so  many  documents  have  survived,  and  stiU  more 
so  is  the  number  of  seals  in  more  or  less  perfect  condi- 
tion. Those  of  interest  which  are  not  illustrated  in 
M.  D'Anisy's  "Atlas,"  were  depicted  by  him  for  the 
Commission,  and  it  is  not  too  much  to  say  that  the 
drawings  of  them  in  these  volumes  are  executed  with 
admirable  skiU.  Special  attention  may  be  called  to 
No.  762,  on  the  seal  of  which  is  a  representation  of 
the  chronicler,  Robert  de  Torigny,  holding  a  book  in 
one  of  his  hands. 

1  The  Revolutionists  are  not  alone  to  blame.  The  archives  of  the  See 
of  Coutances,  for  instance,  were  barbarously  used  by  them,  but  "  d'un 
"  autre  cote,  les  chanoines  de  Coutances,  par  une  espece  de  vaudalisme 
"  inexplicable,  brulerent  pendant  trois  jours  dans  la  salle  du  Chapitre,  une 
"  grande  quantite  de  parchemins  ....  sons  le  specieux  pretexte 
"  qu'ils  dtoient  en  etat  de  pourriture,  mais  bien  plut6t  parcequ'ils  ne 
"  pouvoient  point  les  lire."     (Vol.  I.  fo.  122.) 

e     92684.  C 


Xxxu  tEEFACE. 

Vol.  133  of  the  Transcript  series  contains  copies  of 
documents  preserved  in  the  Archives  Nationales,  executed 
by  trained  students.  It  is  little,  if  at  all,  known.  In 
order  to  adhere  as  far  as  possible  to  the  original 
arrangement,  the  transcripts  in  this  volume  have  been 
calendared  apart  under  "Paris."  But  the  documents 
obtained  by  the  editor  himself  from  the  MSS.  at  the 
BibliotMque  Nationale,  are  treated  under  the  provinces 
to  which  they  severally  relate.  Outside  Normandy  there 
are  certain  religious  houses,  of  which  the  records  deserve 
special  mention. 

The  charters  of  the  abbey  of  Tiron  in  Perche  wiU  be 
virtually  new  to  English  historians.  A  so-called  car- 
tulary of  tlie  abbey  in  the  BibliotMque  Nationale  proves 
to  be  only  a  modern  transcript  made  by  M.  Lejenne, 
public  librarian  of  Ohartres,  in  1839,  from  a  very  late 
compilation  lent  to  him  by  its  then  owner.  The  only 
cartulary  of  value  for  England  is  one  of  the  12th 
century  which  was  published  latterly  by  the  Society 
Archdologique  d' Eur e-et- Loir?  Although  very  fully 
described  by  its  editor,  its  present  resting-place  seems 
to  be  unmentioned,  but  the  original  charters  are  believed 
to  be  now  in  the  archives  of  Eure-et-Loir.  In  spite 
of  his  official  position  and  high  qualifications,  the 
editor  has  not  been  fortunate  in  his  dealings  with  th« 
English  dependencies  of  the  abbey.  He  assigns  to  it 
in  Wales  two  abbeys,  "  Oaithmeis"  and  "  St.  Dogmaels  " 
(on  the  latter  of  which,  one  reads,  he  has  no  informa- 
tion) though  these  were  but  one  house ;  and  in  Scotland 
also  two  abbeys,  "Notre  Dame  de  Kelso,"  formerly 
"Notre  Dame  de  Eoxburgh,"  which  was  situated  "h 
"Selkirk,  ville  du  comtd  de  Eoxburgh,"  and  transferred 

1  "  Cartulaire  de  I'Abbaye  de  la  Sainte-Trinite  de  Tiron,  public  et 
annote  par  Lucien  Merlet,  architiste  d'Eure-et-Loir.*' 


fREFAOE.  xxxiii 

to  Kelso  in  1128 ;  and  "  S^lecherehe."  Of  the  latter,  we 
read,  "nous  n'avons  aucun  renseignment  sur  cette 
"  abbaye,  situee  dans  le  comte  de  Cumberland  {sic)  en 
"Ecosse"  (I.  cxix.) :  yet  the  name  is  obTiously  "  Sele- 
cherche,"  i.e.  Selkirk.  The  interesting  charter  of  the 
Empress  Matilda,  which  belongs  to  1141,  is  assigned  to 
1127,  and  her  uncle,  king  David,  who  is  among  the 
witnesses,  is  transformed  into  his  wife  the  queen,  a  scribe 
having  evidently  misread,  as  was  sometimes  the  case, 
"A"  for  "D,"  When  one  adds  that  the  note  on 
William  de  Rollos  is  derived  from  the  pseudo-Ingulf, 
it  will  be  evident  that  the  French  edition  must  be  used 
with  extreme  caution.^ 

The  abbey  has  a  special  interest  for  England  on 
account  of  its  endowment,  from  English  revenues,  by 
Henry  I.,  who  had  a  warm  admiration  for  its  founder. 
As  the  fact,  in  England  at  least,  seems  to  have  remained 
unknown,  the  passage  from  which  we  learn  it,  may 
here  be  quoted  : — 

''  Aliqui  vero,  quia  ilium  secum  in  finibus  suis  prsesentem 
habere  non  poterant,  de  monachis  ejus  duodenos  assumentes  in 
territoriis  suis  monasteria  construebant.  Quorum  unus  Henricus 
rex  Anglorum  duxque  Normannorum  extitit,  qui  transmissis 
duobus  excellentissimis  principibus,  Theobaudo  scilicet  Blesensi 
comite,  atque  Rotroco  Perticensium  consule,  inagnis  precibus 
exorabat  quatinus  idem  Domini  famulus  usque  in  Normanniam 
veniens,  sibi  corporis  prsesentiam  exhiberet,  excusans  se  quod 
propter  diversorum  accidentium  insperatos  eventus,  finium  suorum 
metas  excedere  non  auderet.  Quo  annuente,  mox  ut  eum  Rex 
vidit,  manus  ad  ccelum  portans  atque  ipsius  inhabitatori,  Ohristo 
videlicet,  immensas  grates  retulit,  datisque  sibi  mutuis  amplexi- 
bus,  eum  debita  cum  honorificentia  suscepit,  cujus  post  auditam 
competentem  doetrinam,  quamplurima  donaria  obtulit,  insuper  et 
quindecim  marcas  argenti  monasterio  suo  quoque  anno  per- 
petualiter  habendas  dedit,"^ 

1  Further  corrections  will  be  found  in  the  foot-notes. 

2  See  No.  99a 

c  2 


XXXVr  PREFACE. 

"Prse  niraia  quoqlie  amoris  dulcedine,  quem  ad  Christi  con- 
fessorem  deinceps  habuit,  in  tantum  monachos  illius,  quoad  vixit, 
dilexit,  ut  unoquoque  anno,  prseter  redditum  quem  diximus,  eis 
sexagenas  aut  quinquagenas  marcas  argenti,  vel  eo  plus  ininusve 
numero,  transmitteret,  et  ut  religio  institutionis  illius  non  decli- 
naret  diligenter  admonuit.  Nostri  etiam  dormitorii  aedes  faciendas 
suscepit,  quas,  multis  expensis  pecuniis  regia  magnificentia  con- 
summavit.'" 

Henry's  envoys,  his  nephew  and  son-in-law,  are  both 
mentioned  by  Orderic  as  special  benefactors  of  Tiron,^ 
and  were  both  actively  supporting  him  at  the  siege  of 
Belesme  in  May  1114.  It  was,  no  doubt,  through  them 
that  Henry  heard  of  the  virtues  of  St.  Bernard. 

The  charter  which  in  these  pages  is  placed  at  the 
head  of  the  list,  is  dated  (as,  at  this  period,  was  not 
unusual),  "  apud  Eotomagum,  in  die  qua  barones 
Normannie  eflfecti  homines  filii  regis."  This  event  is 
usually  assigned  to  the  eve  of  the  king's  departure 
from  Normandy  in  1120.*  But  as  the  charter  is 
witnessed  by  the  count  of  Meulan,  who  died  in  1118, 
it  must  belong  to  an  earlier  occasion.  Such  an  occasion 
is  mentioned  by  Henry  of  Huntingdon  in  1115  : — 

"Kex     ....      fecit  omnes  proceres  patrise   fidelitatem 
Domino  debitam  Willelmo  filio  suo  jurare,  et  in  Angliam  rediit."  * 

We  may  then  safely  assign  the  charter  (which  the 
French  editor  dated  "  circa  1117  ")  to  this  occasion,  and 

thus    find    in    it    a    confirmation  of    the  chronicler's 

statement.    Henry    will    have    made    the  barons    of 

Normandy  do    homage    to  his  son  before  be    left  its 

shores  in  the  summer  of  1116,   as  he  did  on  the  eve 
of  leaving  it  in  the  winter  of  1120. 


1   Vita  Sancti  Bemardi  I.  ahbatis,  J.  B.  Souchet  (1649). 

^  Ed.  Societe  de  I'histoire  de  France  III.  448. 

a  Sym.  Dun.  II.  258. 

*  C/.the  Anglo-Saxon  Chronicle  for  1115  (II.  213). 


PREFACE.  XXXV 

The  three  charters  relating  to  St.  Dogmaeb,  otherwise 
the  ahbey  of  St.  Mary  of  Kemeys,  are  not  only  new, 
but  are  all  earlier  than  the  charter  given  in  the 
Mbnastieon.  As  the  history  of  its  foundation  is, 
admittedly,  obscure,  they  are  valuable,  especially  for 
the  light  they  throw  on  the  conversion  of  a  priory  into 
this  abbey,  which  had  been,  we  find,  effected  before 
the  king's  return  to  England  at  the  close  of  1120.  It 
should  be  noted  that  one  of  the  king's  charters  is 
separately  confirmed  by  his  son,  whose  act  is  witnessed 
by  Otuer  "  Pitz  Count,"  who  perished  with  him  in  the 
White  Ship.  This  confirms  the  statement  of  Orderic 
that  Otuer  acted  as  his  tutor.  The  Mbnastieon  charter 
cannot  be  earlier  than  1121,  being  witnessed  by  queen 
Adeliza,  but  as  it  was  granted  when  the  first  abbot 
was  blessed  by  the  bishop  of  St.  Davids,  it  not  impro- 
bably belongs  to  the  king's  visit  to  Wales  in  that  year/ 
in  which  case  we  could  say  that  he  was  in  the  Pembroke 
district,  September  11, 1121. 

It  has  been  suggested  that  the  original  founder  of 

the    abbey's  Welsh    house  was  the  father   of   Robert 

fitz  Martin.^     Of  this  father  nothing  is  really  known. 

The  editor  would  suggest  that  his  name  was  not  "  Martin 

de  Tours,"  as  is  always  stated,  but  that  we  may  detect 

him  in  "Martinus  de  Walls,"  the  first  witness  to  the 

foundation    charter    of    Totness    Priory.^      This     would 

carry  back  to  a  very  early  date  his  settlement  in  Wales. 

But    the   narrative    quoted   above  is    conclusive    as   to 

Eobert's  claim : — 

Per  idem  tempus  Robertus  quidam  genere  nobilisaimus  sanctum 
virum  ab  Oceani  partibus  adiit,  atque  tredecim  ex  ipsius  discipulis 
secum  assumeas,  Normannicos  Anglicosque  fines  pertransiit,  et  ad 
ultimos  Galentium*  regionum  metas  perveniens,  in  littore  maris 

1  Sym.  Dun.  II.  263-4.  ^  Monasticon  and  Dugdale's  Baronage. 

8  MS.  lat.  5446,  fo.  269.  *  i.e.,  «  Walensium." 


XXXVl  PREFACE. 

Hibemici  juxta  Teni^  fluvium,  prius  quidem  cellam  postea  vero, 
totidem  cum  Abbate  impetratis  monachis,  pacto  quo  diximus,^ 
ciBnobium  omnibus  usualibus  aptum  composuit. 

Special  attention  has  here  been  drawn  to  these  Tiron 
charters,  because  there  has  recently  been  published  a 
history  of  "  the  Lordes  of  the  Barony  of  Kernes,"  annotated 
with  a  wealth  of  erudition,  to  the  editor  of  which  they 
were  not  known.^  This  is  an  excellent  illustration  of 
the  fact  insisted  on  above,  namely,  that  such  documents, 
even  though  in  print  abroad,  have  remained,  in  England, 
virtually  unknown,  because  buried  in  scattered  quarters. 

Of  the  remaining  charters,  two  throw  light  on  the 
family  of  William  Martel,  a  prominent  follower  of 
Stephen;  one  connected,  evidently,  with  Titley  Priory 
proves  that  Crown  demesne,  has  passed,  in  Hereford- 
shire, to  Adam  de  Port,  more  than  forty  years  earlier 
there  Dugdale  connects  the  name  with  that  county  ;  two 
(Nos.  1010, 1011),  are  of  interest  for  Scottish  antiquaries; 
and  a  group  of  considerable  importance  is  discussed 
below  (p.  xliv). 

The  charters  of  the  famous  abbey  of  Pontevrault 
have  remained  little,  if  at  all,  known  in  England.  And 
yet,  as  M.  Marchegay  truly  said,  "Pour  le  douzifeme 
si^cle  et  le  treizifeme  surtout,  il  serait  diflS.cile  de 
reunir  ixn  plus  grand  nombre  de  belles  et  antiques 
chartes,  toutes  inddites.  "*  In  addition  to  the  originals 
now  preserved  in  the  archives  of  Maine-et-Loire,  there 
is  in  the  same  deposit  a  cartulary  of  the  abbey, 
in  nine  volumes,  formed  by  Pfere  Lardier  in  1648-1658, 
from  the  originals ;  and  from  this  cartulary  in  1699, 
Gaign^res  compiled  the  fine  transcript  in  two  volumes, 

1  i.e.,  "  Teui "  (Tevi).  2  See  No.  997. 

3  Owen's  Pembrokeshire  {Cymmorodion  Record  Society),  1897,  pp.  vii., 
X.,  425-446. 
*  Bibliotheque  de  I'Ecole  des  Chartes  XIX.  132. 


PREFACE.  xxxvii 

now  MS.  lat.  5480  at  Paris.  Like  D'Auisy,  these 
industrious  scholars  of  the  17th  century  were  careful 
to  record  and  copy  the  seals  then  appendant  to  the 
charters;  and  their  drawings  are  now  of  great  value. 

Of  these  documents,  the  most  striking,  if  not  the 
most  important,  is  the  final  agreement  between  Henry  II. 
and  his  daughter-in-law  Margaret,  at  Gisors,  in  the 
presence  of  her  brother  king  Philip,  March  11th,  1186 
(No.  1084).  Mr.  Eyton  could  not  assign  a  single  charter 
to  Henry's  visit  to  Normandy,  118B-86;  so  that  this 
dated  evidence  is  doubly  welcome.  We  here  see  with 
the  French  king  his  paternal  uncle,  count  Eobert  of 
Dreux,  his  maternal  uncles,  count  Theobald  of  Blois,  count 
Stephen  of  Sancerre,  and  William,  archbishop  of  Rheims, 
and  his  wife's  uncle,  count  Philip  of  Flanders.^  The 
"  affidatio  in  manu  "  is  well  illustrated  by  this  document, 
and  its  precise  reckoning  of  Angevin  money  as  then  one 
quarter  the  value  of  sterling  should  be  noted.  Next  in 
importance  are  the  charters  (Nos.  1052-3, 1055-6),  relating 
to  Henry  I.'s  endowment,  which  are  dealt  with  below .^ 
From  two  documents  (Nos.  1057-8),  we  learn  the  curious 
fact  that  Reginald  de  St.  Valery,  having  forfeited  his 
English  possessions  by  adhering  to  the  Angevin  cause 
had  received,  in  compensation,  till  he  should  regain 
them,  the  revenues  of  the  port  of  Dieppe.  Reginald's 
counterseal,  at  this  early  date,  is  alleged  to  have  borne 
a  lion  passant.  It  is  particularly  interesting  to  find 
Matthew,  duke  Henry's  teacher  {doctor)  witnessing  two 
of  his  charters,  for  this  was  the  master  under  whom 
he  was  educated  for  four  years  at  Bristol.* 

The  documents  preserved  at  Angers,  in  the  archives 
of  Maine-et-Loire,  relating  to  the  endowments,  English 

-1. "  Artaiidus   camerarius  "  is    possibly  "  Arnald "   chamberlain  of  the 
count  of  Flanders  (Rot.  Pip.  32  Hen.  11.) . 

*  See  p.  xliii.  ^  Qervase  of  Canterbury  I.  125. 


XXXVUl  PREFACE. 

and  foreigD,  of  the  abbey  of  St.  Florent  de  Saumur 
are  of  exceptional  value  for  the  purpose  of  this 
calendar.  Many  of  them  were  published  by  M.  Paul 
Marchegay,  in  various  quarters,  as  follows:  (1)  Les 
Frieures  Anglais  de  St.  Florent  pris  Saumur,  in 
Mbliothe'que  de  I'Ecole  des  Charles,  Vol.  XL.  (1879), 
pp.  154  el  seq. ;  (2)  Charles  Normandes  de  VAbbaye 
de  SI.  Florent  pris  Saumur,  in  Mimoires  de  la 
Soci4U  des  Antiquaires  de  la  Normamdie,  Vol.  XXX. 
(1880),  pp.  663  el  seq.  Collation  by  the  editor  proved 
that  there  was  little  to  correct  in  these  texts.  But 
it  is  needful  to  bear  in  mind,  first  that  the  so-caUed 
original  charters  are  mostly  not  the  real  originals, 
but  documents  recording  their  contents — ^which  are 
accordingly  calendared  with  the  prefix  "  [Notification 
that] " ;  secondly  that  M.  Marchegay's  editorial  notes 
have  required  revision  throughout.  He  frankly  confessed, 
indeed,  that  his  dates  "  devront  6tre  minutieusement 
contr61ees  "^ ;  and,  as  a  matter  of  fact,  a  Monmouth 
charter  he  assigned  to  "  vers  1090,"  has  been  ascer- 
tained to  belong  to  1101  or  1102,  (No.  1136),  while  one 
relating  to  a  Sussex  manor,  which  he  dated  "vers  1140," 
proves  to  have  been  placed  by  him  two  generations  loo 
late,  and  to  have  been  reaUy  executed  by  a  Domesday 
tenant-in-chief,  and  attested  by  his  under-tenants. 

Eor  the  abbey  of  Marmoutier  at  Tours,  and  the 
priories  dependent  on  it,  we  are  largely  dependent  on 
17th  century  transcripts.  Those  of  Gaignferes,  which  ho 
made  from  the  original  charters,  prove  singularly  accu- 
rate when  collated  with  those  which  survive,  and  have 
the  great  merit  of  preserving  all  abbreviations. 

It  has  been  deemed  desirable  to  include  in  this 
collection  the    Cluny  documents  now  preserved  in  the 


Bibliotheque  de  I'Scole  des  Chartes  XL.  155. 


PREFACE.  xxxix 

BibliotMque  Nationale,  Paris,  of  which,  till  somewhat 
recently,  nothing  was  known  in  England.  Sir  George 
Duckett's  work^  hrought  them  to  the  notice  of  scholars ; 
hut  on  examining  the  original  records  in  the  Collection 
de  Bourgogne  and  those  transcribed  in  Cartulary  D  (MS. 
lat.  5459),  the  editor  discovered  that  some  documents 
had  been  omitted  in  that  work,  while  others  had  been 
misunderstood.  No.  1389  is  printed  by  Sir  George 
from  the  very  imperfect  original,  but  the  editor  has 
been  enabled  to  complete  the  text  from  the  cartulary, 
and  thus  to  assign  the  charter  to  the  great  council 
of  Northampton  (September  8,  1131).^  There  has 
also  been  some  confusion  as  to  the  charters  of 
Henry  II.  That  which  will  be  now  described  has  been 
identified  with  a  totally  distinct  one.*  It  is  a  document 
(No.  1400)  of  special  interest,  because  we  can  assign  it, 
with  absolute  certainty,  to  an  eventful  occasion.  It 
must  be  subsequent  to  John  of  Oxford  becoming  bishop 
of  Norwich  (appointed  November  26,  cons.  December  14, 
1175)  and  previous  to  his  departure  from  England  with 
Richard  de  CamviUe,  who  is  also  a  witness,  in  the  early 
summer  of  1176.  This  points  directly  to  the  great  council 
at  Northampton  (26  January,  1176),  at  which  the  Assize 
of  Northampton  was  promulgated,  and  justices  appointed 
for  six  circuits.  No  document  is  assigned  by  Mr.  Eyton 
to  this  occasion,  and  the  present  charter  fills  the  gap. 
Among  its  witnesses  are  four  of  the  justices  appointed  at 
this  council,  Hugh  de  Cressi,  Bertram  de  Verdon,  and 
William  Eitz  Ralf,  with  RanduK  de  Glanville  himself. 
Of   the   others,    the   bishops   of  Winchester,    Ely,    and 

1  Charters  and  Records  of  Cluni,  2  vols.,  1888. 

2  See  Sarum  charters  and  documents,  p.  6.  This  second  and  later 
charter  is  wrongly  said  to  be  "apparently  (a)  copy  of"  the  earlier 
document  (No.  1387),  from  which  it  is  quite  distinct,  in  Charters  and 
Records  of  Cluni  (II.  200). 

^  Charters  and  Records  of  Cluni  I.  83 ;  II.  200. 


xl  PRErACE. 

Norwich  were  all  connected  with  judicial  proceedings.^ 
Ralf  Brito  acted  later  as  a  judge,  whUe  the  name  of 
Richard  de  Luci  speaks  for  itself.  The  BaUiol  charter 
(No.  1392)  is  of  great  value  for  the  early  pedigree  of  this 
famous  house,  and  estahlishes  its  Picard  origin,  a  fact 
which  seems  to  he  douhted.^ 

It  will  only  he  possihle  within  the  compass  of  this 
Preface  to  touch  on  some  of  the  many  points  upon 
which  the  documents  here  collected  afford,  when  carefully 
examined,  new  and  important  information.  Alien  priories 
and  English  endowments  hestowed  on  foreign  abheys  are 
in  the  Monasticon  Anglicanwm  comparatively  neglected 
subjects.  Dugdale  admitted,  in  dealing  with  one  of 
them,  Wolston  Priory,  that  he  found  it  difficult  to  obtain 
in  England  the  information  required.*  But  from  foreign 
sources  is  now  supplied  the  foundation  of  this  very  priory 
(No.  578),  as  well  as  that  of  Burwell,  of  which  he  could 
tell  us  nothing,  but  which  is  now  carried  back  to  a 
Domesday  tenant-in-chief.  Sporle  Priory,  Norfolk,  is 
another  of  these  alien  houses  of  which  the  interesting 
foundation  (No.  1149)  had  hitherto  remained  unknown. 

In  addition  to  the  light  it  throws  on  the  origin  of 
Burwell  Priory,  the  cartulary  of  La  Sauve  affords  us 
new  and  remarkable  information  on  the  honour  of  Hol- 
derness.  It  has  hitherto  been  believed  that  this  honour, 
assigned  in  Domesday  Book  to  "Drogo  de  Bevrere," 
was  given,  on  his  forfeiture,  to  Odo  of  Champagne,  a 
brother-in-law  of  the  Conqueror,  and  passed  from  him  to 
Stephen  of  Aumale,  his  son  and  successor.*    Nor    has 


1  They  were  made  "  archijusticiarios  regni"  in  1179  (R.  de  Diceto), 

2  English  Historical  Review  XII.  346. 

3  History  of  Warwickshire,  pp.  35-6. 

4  See  Mr.  Freeman's  Appendix  on  "  William's  grants  of  Holderness " 
{Norman  Conquest  Vol.  IV.)  ;  Ellis's  "  Domesday  Landholders  of  York- 
shire" (Yorhs.  Arch.  Journ.);  Chester  Waters'  Survey  of  Lindsey,  p.  13. 


PREFACE.  xli 

there  been  any  reason  to  doubt  this  version.    Yet  we  here 
find   Arnulf    de    Montgomery  giving   the  churches    of 
Barrow  and  Bytham,  in  the  Lincolnshire  portion  of  the 
honour,  to  the  abbey  of  La  Sauve,  and  WiUiam  Bufus 
confirming  the  gift  (No.  1236).     It  might  indeed  be  rash 
to  rely  on  this  evidence  alone,  but  fortunately,  in  quite 
another  quarter,  we  obtain  ample  confirmation.    A  docu- 
ment belonging  to  St.  Martin  of  Sees  (No.  667)  proves 
that  Arnulf  endowed  its  cell  which  he  had  founded  at 
Pembroke  with  tithes   from  certain  English    churches, 
which  can  all  be  identified  as  belonging  to  the  honour 
of  Holderness.     His  possession  of  that  honour  has  to  be 
accounted  for.   When  we  remember  that  the  revolt  of  1095 
was  intended  to  dethrone  William  Eufus  in  favour  of 
Stephen  of  Aumale,  and  that  his  father  Odo  was  deprived 
of  his  lands^  and  sentenced  to  captivity  in  consequence,^ 
we    have,  surely,    no    difllculty  in   accounting  for    the 
Crown  being  free  to  bestow  on  Arnulf  de  Montgomery 
the  honour  of  Holderness.      Obtaining  it  shortly  after 
1095,  he  would  hold  it  at  least  to  1100,  if  not  to  his  fall 
and  departure  in  1102.     On  Stephen  of  Aumale  regaining 
it  under  Henry  I.,  he  bestowed  upon  his  own  foundation 
of  St.  Martin  d'Acy,  in  1115,  the  Lincolnshire  church  of 
Barrow  (Bytham  was  added  afterwards)   which  Arnulf 
had  given  to  La  Sauve,  and  those  of  PaghUl,   Preston, 
Skeekling,  Prodingham,  Tunstall,  Withernsea,  Easington, 
and  Carlton,  from  which  Arnulf  had  endowed  Pembroke 
Priory^ ;  also  the  tithes  of  his  castle  at  Aldbrough,  which, 
therefore,  probably  was  the  "  castle  "  spoken  of  in  Arnulf 's 
endowment  (No.  667).     Here  then  we  have  evidence  of 
the  transfer  of  endowments,  without  regard  for  previous 
gifts,  when  a  fief  changed  hands. 

1  "belende"  {Peterborough  Chron.,  1096). 

2  Florence  of  Worcester  II.  38-9, 

3  Monasticon  Anglicanum  VI.,  1103, 


xlii  PREFACE. 

To  the  grant  of  "Oatford"  church  (No.  1234)  there 
attaches  an  exceptional  interest;  for  the  mention  of  its 
"  canons  "  proves  that  it  can  be  no  other  than  the  great 
collegiate  church  founded  by  earl  Roger  de  Montgomery 
at  Quatford.  Mr.  Byton,  who  assigned  this  foundation 
to  1086,  and  traced  with  great  care  its  brief  collegiate 
existence,^  was  wholly  unaware  of  this  grant  to  La  Sauve, 
to  which  the  downfall  of  the  house  of  Belesme  a  few 
years  later,  if  not  the  desertion  of  Quatford  for  Bridg- 
north, must  quickly  have  proved  fatal.  This  case  should 
be  compared  with  that  of  the  collegiate  church  of  Olun. 
The  fact  that  Buroot  on  the  Severn,  a  member  of  Wor- 
field,  was  among  the  endowments  of  Quatford  church 
at  its  foundation,  may  account  for  the  grant  of  land  etc. 
at  Worfleld  to  La  Sauve  (No.  1238). 

It  is  a  work  of  the  utmost  difficulty  to  disentangle 
the  various  endowments  conferred  by  William  de  Braose 
{i.e.  Briouze)  on  the  abbey  of  St.  Florent  de  Saumur. 
The  documents  themselves  are  conflicting  in  their  evi- 
dence, and  none  of  the  accounts  based  upon  them  appears 
satisfactory  to  the  editor.  What  really  happened,  it 
would  seem,  is  this.  In  England,  William  founded,  in 
1073,  a  church  of  canons  at  Bramber  (the  seat  of  his 
well-known  castle)  which  he  endowed  with  the  church  of 
Beeding  (afterwards  "  Sele")  etc.  (No.  1130).  Meanwhile, 
he  had  endowed  the  church  of  Briouze  in  Normandy 
with  churches  and  lands,  and  had  given  it  to  the  monks 
of  Lonlay,  intending  that  they  should,  in  time,  make  it 
an  abbey  (No.  1116).  As  they  objected  to  this  scheme, 
he  took  it  back  and  placed  clerks  there  (lb.). 
Eventually,  however,  in  or  about  1079,  he  resolved  to 
entrust  the  monks  of  St.  Elorent  with  his  contemplated 
abbey  at  Briouze,  and  in  order  to  increase  his  previous 

1  History  of  Shropshire  I.  106-116. 


PREFACE.  Xliii 

endowment,  which  was  insufficient  for  its  purpose,  he 
added  the  church  of  Bramber,  with  its  endowments,  and 
other  churches  in  England  (No.  1112).  But  as  the 
contemplated  abbey  was  never  established,  and  Briouze 
remained  a  priory  only,  the  English  endowment  was 
devoted  to  an  independent  priory,  which,  founded  at 
Beeding  instead  of  Bramber  (perhaps  on  account  of 
the  transaction  recorded  in  No.  1131),  took  the  name 
of  Sele. 

Of  the  English  possessions  of  the  abbey  of  St.  Sever 
scarcely  anything  has  hitherto  been  known.  The  dis- 
covery by  the  editor  in  the  Gartulaire  de  Normandie 
of  their  confirmation  by  Adrian  IV.  (No.  615)  enables 
us  to  name  no  fewer  than  thirty-three  localities  in.  which 
it  held  churches  or  endowments.  Its  great  benefactor  was 
Hugh,  the  Conqueror's  earl  of  Chester,  who  re-founded 
the  Norman  house,  and  to  whose  English  fief,  analysis 
proves,  ahnost  all  its  possessions  belonged.  It  had  cells 
at  Henstridge,^  Somerset,  and  Haugham,^  Lincolnshire, 
at  both  which  places  it  is  entered  in  Domesday  as  holding 
of  earl  Hugh. 

The  grants  to  the  abbeys  of  Cluny  and  Fontevrault, 
charged  on  the  revenues  from  English  cities,  form  an 
instructive  addition  to  our  knowledge  of  Norman  finance. 
In  1129,  Henry  I.  granted  to  Fontevrault  a  hundred 
poimds  annually  in  money  of  E.ouen  from  the  revenue 
of  his  mint  there,  30  marcs  of  silver  from  the  form  of 
his  city  of  London  and  20  marcs  from  that  of  Winchester 
(No.  1062).  No  such  payments  are  entered  on  the  Pipe 
Roll  of  1130,  and  in  1131  (January  13)  he  substituted  a 
fresh  grant  of  60  marcs  a  year  out  of  the  ferm  of  London 

1  The  "  Endeston  "  or  "  Eynestane  "  of  the  Monasticon  (VI.  1052, 1057), 
i.e.,  Teanston  in  Henstridge  (CoUinson  II.  365). 

2  The  "Hagham,"  "  Hacharn,"  or  "Hayham"  of  the  Monasticon 
(VI.  1050). 


xliv  PEEFACE. 

and  40  marcs  out  of  that  of  Winchester  (No.  1460).  Four 
months  later,  he  hestowed  on  the  abbey  of  Oluny  a 
similar  endowment,  60  marcs  from  the  ferm  of  London, 
and  40  marcs  from  that  of  Lincoln,  adding  the  interesting 
provision  that  his  officers  were  to  bring  this  money,  with 
his  ferms,  to  his  Exchequer  at  Michaelmas,  failing  which, 
his  justice[s]  of  the  Exchequer  (justida  mea  scaccarii) 
were  to  enforce  payment  etc.  (No.  1387).^  The  apportion- 
ment of  the  charge  was  altered  to  50  marcs  from  London 
and  50  from  Lincoln  by  a  rather  later  charter  (No.  1389). 
These  references  to  the  Exchequer  and  to  its  coercive 
jurisdiction  are  remarkable  for  their  early  date.  It  should 
be  observed  that,  although  these  sums  are  to  be  received 
"  from  my  treasury,"  the  money  can  never  have  actually 
passed  "  in  thesauro,"  as  the  agent  of  the  abbey  was  to 
intercept  it  at  the  Exchequer. 

With  these  grants  should  be  grouped  the  remarkable 
series  of  charters  relating  to  a  similar  endowment  con- 
ferred on  the  abbey  of  Tiron  (Nos.  998-1003.)  Their 
special  feature  is  that  they  charge  the  endowment  at 
first,  not  on  the  ferm  of  any  town,  but  on  the  king's 
treasury  at  Winchester,  and  make  it  payable  at 
Michaelmas.  We  have  here,  incidentally,  what  is  vir- 
tually evidence  that  the  annual  Michaelmas  audit, 
afterwards  held  at  the  Exchequer,  was,  at  this  period, 
still  held  at  the  Winchester  treasury.  Some  quarter  of 
a  century  after  Henry  I.  had  made  this  grant,  it  was 
confirmed  by  his  daughter  the  Empress,  but  was  now 
specially  charged  on  the  ferm  of  Winchester  itself.  Her 
charter  was  confirmed,  in  the  same  terms,  by  Henry  II. 


^  With  this  should  be  compared  his  writ  to  bishop  Eoger  and  the 
barons  of  the  Exchequer,  for  Holy  Trinity  Priory,  London :  "  ut  ita 
"  constringatis  vicecomitem  ut  eas  reddat  eis  sicut  faceretis  de  mea 
"  propria  flrma." 


PREFACE.  xlv 

before  his  accession ;  and  finally,  in  1189,  we  find 
Richard  I.  describing  the  endowment  as  payable  at  his 
Exchequer  in  London.  It  is  very  remarkable  that  the 
Empress  confirmed  the  grants  both  to  Fontevrault  and 
Tiron  about  the  same  time  in  1141,  the  former  charter 
being  actually  addressed  to  the  officers  in  charge  of  London, 
from  which  she  had  just  been  expelled.  Neither  of  these 
her  charters  has  hitherto  been  known.^  Equally  curious 
in  its  way  is  the  confirmation  by  duke  Henry  to  Tiron,  in 
which  he  deals  with  English  revenues  as  if  already  king. 

There  must  have  been  a  similar  grant  by  the  Orown  to 
the  great  abbey  of  Marmoutier ;  for,  in  his  manuscript 
history  of  that  house,  founded  on  its  charters,  Bom 
Martfene  wrote  that — 

Hilgodus  [abbot  1100-1104],  etant  passe  en  Angleterre,  y  fut 
re9U  du  roi  et  de  la  reine  avec  une  bonte  vraiment  royale.  II 
eprouva  des  effets  de  leur  magnificence  par  le  don  qu'ils  lui  firent 
de  trente  marcs  d'argent  par  an  pour  son  monastfere.^ 

Such  an  endowment,  at  that  early  date,  would  be  of 
peculiar  interest  if  the  charter  could  be  found;  but  the 
editor  was  unsuccessful  in  the  special  search  he  made 
for  it. 

An  admirable  instance  of  the  value  of  these  documents 
for  Anglo-Norman  genealogy  is  found  in  the  new  light 
they  throw  on  the  family  of  Bohun.  Mr.  Stapleton,  who 
first  investigated  the  subject  in  his  well-known  work  on 
the  Norman  Exchequer,*  decided  that  Engelger  de 
Bohun,*  who  was  in  close  attendance  on  Henry  II.  before 
his   accession,   and  acted  as  a  justiciary  in  Normandy 

1  See  Mr.  Birch's  paper  in  Journal  of  the  British  Archaological 
Association,  Vol.  XXXI. 

a  MS.  lat.  12,877. 

3  Magni  Rotuli  scaccarii  Normannie  (1844),  II.  xxii-xxvii.,  xxxi-* 
xxxvi. 

*  See  the  Index  to  this  Calendar. 


xlvi  PREFACE. 

for  his  father,  and  who  appears  later  as  paternal  uncle 
("  patruus  ")  of  Jocelin  bishop  of  Salisbury  was  the  son 
of  another  Bngelger  whose  wife  was  "apparently  a 
"  daughter  of  Eichard  de  Meri.  "^  This  Richard,  he 
held,  had,  besides  her,  a  son  Herbert,  whom  he  placed 
as  a  child  in  the  abbey  of  Marmoutier  in  1113.  The 
pedigree  was  next  investigated  by  Dr.  Stubbs,  who 
devoted  to  it  a  long  note  in  his  edition  of  the  LitercB 
Gcmtuariemes  (1866),^  in  which  he  held  that — 

"Richard  de  Meri  made  his  heir  Engelger,  a  noble  of  the 
C6tentin,  who  was  almost  certainly  his  son-in-law.  This 
Engelger  had  a  son,  Engelger  II.,  who  ....  was  living 
to  nearly  1180." 

Some  years  later  a  writer  in  the  Serald  cmd  Genealogist 
attacked  the  pedigree  anew,  urging  that  the  first  Engelger 
was  one  of  the  house  of  de  Eougferes.*  Then  Mr.  Chester 
Waters,  who  was  deemed  the  leading  authority  on  these 
subjects,  wrote  a  long  and  learned  article,*  accept- 
ing everything  said  by  Stapleton,  "  who  was  facile 
"  prmceps  of  our  Anglo-Norman  genealogists,"  and 
maintaining,  in  addition,  that  Savaric  Eitz  Cana,  the 
founder  of  the  Bohuns  of  Midhurst,  married  "  the 
"  daughter  of  Engelger  (I.)  by  the  heiress  of  Bichard 
"  deMeri."^ 

Although  Stapleton  had  been  over  the  ground  covered 
by  this  calendar,  the  results  of  the  evidence  it  contains 
are  startling.  It  not  only  gives  us  the  names,  hitherto 
unknown,  of  the  wives  of  Eichard  de  Meri  and 
Savaric  Eitz  Cana  (Nos.  669,  1213),  but  proves  that 
the  two  Engelgers  (son-in-law  and  maternal  grandson 
of  Eichard)  were,  in  reality,  but  one,  who  was,  on  the 

1  This  is  implied  by  the  entry  in  the  Testa  de  Nevill  (p.  134)  relating 
to  Bereford,  Oxon. 

2  (Rolls  series)  pp.  Ixxxvii-viii.  ^  Vol.  VI.  pp.  429-436. 

*  lb.,  VII.  289-317.  6  76.^  pp.  298,  302. 


PREFACE.  xlvii 

contrary,  his  son^  (Fos.  662,  1215).  Moreover,  Savaric's 
wife  was  the  (laugliter  not  of  Engelger  de  Bohun,  but  of 
Richard  de  Meri^;  This  changes  the  whole  pedigree 
given  by  Mr.  Chester  Waters.  And  further,  exami- 
nation of  the  Marmoutier  charter  (No.  1213)  proves 
that  Mr.  Stapleton  had  so  misread  it  that  its  date  is 
1092,  not  1113,  and  that  the  boy  left  by  Eichard  with 
the  monks  was  not  Herbert,  but  Humfrey. 

It  has  been  said  by  Sir  H.  Barkly  that  "  Despite  all 
*'  researches,  Ernulph  de  Hesding  still  remains  one  of 
"  the  most  mysterious  personages  in  Domesday,"  *  A 
tenant-in-chief  in  ten  counties,  and  a  tenant,  under 
bishop  Odo,  in  Kent,  it  has  never  been  proved  where  he 
came  from,  or  how  his  manors  descended.  Mr.  Eyton 
established  the  fact  that  some  of  them  passed  to  the 
Mtz  Alans,  through  the  marriage  of  his  daughter  Avelina 
with  Alan  Eitz  Flaald ;  and  he  assigned  him  two  other 
daughters,  one  of  whom,  Matilda,  married  Patrick  de 
Cadurcis,  who  undoubtedly  held  in  her  right  (No.  1033) 
a  large  proportion  of  BrnuJf's  fief.*  Later  research 
recognises  only  Avelina  and  Matilda,  while  the  editor 
himself  has  never  found  any  real  proof  that  Matilda  was 
a  daughter  of  Ernulf.  Seeking  further  light  on  the 
problem,  he  discovered,  in  a  special  examination  of  the 
cartulary  of  St.  George,  Hesdiu,  a  charter  of  Ernulf 
hitherto  unknown  (No,  1326)  which  not  only  locates  him 
in  Erance,  but  mentions  his  daughter  Ava,  who  was 
clearly  the  above  "  Avelina,"  wife  of  Alan  Eitz  Elaald. 

1  This  overthrows  the  entry  in  the  Testa  de  Nevill. 

2  It  is  remarkable  that  Dr.  Stubbs  thought  this  "  probable." 

3  See  Bristol  and  Gloucestershire  ArcheBological  Transactions,  IV. 
«7-90 ;  XII.  12-16,  30-33  ;  Herald  and  Genealogist  VI.  241-253 ; 
Freeman's  William  Rufus  II.  65-6;  Ellis's  Introduction  to  Domes- 
■day,  etc. 

*  Cf.  Feudal  England,  p.  109. 

e     92684.  d 


xlviii  PREFACE. 

It  will  pro'bably  be  found  that  Matilda  and  lier  husband 
obtained  Ernulf  s  lands  otherwise  than  by  inheritance. 

So  great  is  the  obscurity  that  still  surrounds  the  origin 
of  some  of  our  feudal  houses  that  the  race  whose  name 
was  Anglicised  as  Oha worth  and  Latinised  as  "  de 
Oadurcis,"  "  de  Chaorciis,"  etc./  has  been  derived 
diversely  by  our  best  authorities,  Mr.  Ellis*  and  others 
identifying  its  name  with  that  of  the  town  of  Oahors, 
while  Mr.  W.H.  Stevenson  traced  it  to  a  commune  in 
the  Somme.*  Its  stammhaus,  however,  was  the  castle  of 
Ohaources,  now  Sourches,  in  the  commune  of  St.  Sym- 
phorien,  not  far  from  Le  Mans.*  Hence  they  are  here 
found  bestowing  an  English  endowment  (No.  1033)  on 
the  stately  abbey  of  La  Couture  still  standing,  as  they 
knew  it,  at  Le  Mans.  The  baronial  house  they  here 
founded  ended  in  an  heiress,  who,  by  her  marriage  with 
Henry  earl  of  Lancaster  and  Leicester,  became  great 
grandmother  of  Henry  lY.^ 

An  interesting  discovery  results  from  the  charter, 
hitherto  unknown,  of  Henry  I.  to  L'Bssay  (No,  923)^; 
for  it  proves  that  the  Lincolnshire  flef  of  Robert  de  Haie 
had  come  to  him,  through  his  wife  Muriel,  by  inherit- 
ance, and  not,  as  has  been  alleged,'  by  Crown  grant  on 
the  forfeiture  of  Picot,  son  of  Oolswegen  (the  English 
thegn)  of  Lincoln.  Is  it,  then,  possible  that  Muriel  was 
a  sister  of  Picot  ?  There  is  a  striking  support  for  such 
a  view  in  the  fact  that  Picot's  charter  to  Spalding  Priory* 

1  Of.  The  Red  Booh  of  the  Exchequer,  p.  1136. 

2  Bristol  and  Gloucester  Arch.  Soc.  Trans.  IV.  174. 
5  Rental  of  the  Houses  in  Gloucester,  p.  xiv. 

*  )See  Cauvin's  "  Historical  Geography  of  Maine,"  and  Le  Chdteau  de 
Sourches  et  ses  seigneurs,  by  A.  Ledru  (1887). 

5  Hence  the  existence  of  their  family  charters  among  the  Duchy  of 
Lancaster  records. 

^  The  charter  printed  as  his  in  Gallia  Christiana  is  that  of  Henry  II. 

7  Chester  Waters's  Survey  of  Lindsey,  pp.  8,  15. 

«  Monasticon  III.  218. 


PEEFACE  xlix 

mentions  his  nephew  Eichard,  and  his  niece  Cecily  ;  for 
Robert  de  Haie  had  a  son  Richard  who  succeeded  him, 
and  a  daughter  Cecily  who  carried  his  honour  of  Halnaker 
to  the  St.  Johns. 

For  the  Domesday  student  there  is,  probably,  no 
charter  in  these  pages  so  important  as  that  which  grants 
a  Dorset  manor  to  a  priory  of  Marmoutier  (No.  1206), 
liable  to  the  "  Guelt  quod  colligitur  per  hidas  "  on  four 
hides  only,  because  "  reliquge  sex  sunt  in  dominio  et 
quiete."  The  geld-roll  of  1084  proves  that,  in  this 
manor,  5f  hides  did  escape  payment  as  beiag  "in 
demesne."  The  reductions  of  assessment  on  Loders, 
Dorset,  in  favour  of  the  abbey  of  Montebourg  (No.  876) 
and  on  Horsley,  Gloucestershire,  in  favour  of  that  of 
Troarn  (Nos.  468,  472)  are  also  deserving  of  notice. 
In  the  latter  case  Henry  I.  grants  anew  the  reduction 
which  his  predecessor  had  granted,  as  if  such  a  concession 
was  not  permanently  binding. 

The  chief  value,  however,  of  these  documents  for  the 
illustration  of  Domesday  will  be  found  in  their  mention 
of  many  who  appear  in  the  great  survey  as  tenants  or 
under-tenants.  We  meet,  in  the  earliest  of  these  charters, 
not  only  with  the  fathers  of  those  who  obtained  lands 
in  England,  but  with  some,  like  Guihenoc  of  Monmouth 
(No.  1135)  and  Waleran  of  Essex  and  London  (No.  1409) 
whose  heirs  had  already  succeeded  them  in  1086.  The 
real  interest  of  the  Conqueror's  charter  in  favour  of  the 
abbey  of  Preaux  (No.  318)  is  found  in  its  confirmation 
of  Roger  de  Beaumont's  gift  of  five  hides  at  Arlscott, 
Warwickshire.  Eor  this  was  the  estate  entered  in 
Domesday  as :  "  Ipse  comes  (de  Mellent)  tenet  in  Orla 
"  vescote  V.  hidas  et  S.  Petrus  Pratellensis  de  eo" 
(2406.).  It  has  hitherto  been  assumed  that  the  Warwick- 
shire fief  was  bestowed,  direct,  on  the  count;  but  this 

e     92684.  e 


1  PREP'ACE. 

charter  proves  that,  in  a  part  of  it,  and,  therefore,  possibly 
in  the  whole,  he  had  been  preceded  by  his  renowned  father 
Roger  de  Beaumont,  Roger  must  have  surrendered 
his  estate  here  to  his  son  the  count  of  Meulan,  before 
1080.  "  ^Ifelmus  "  appears  in  Domesday  as  the  previous 
tenant  at  Watlington ;  but  the  "  Extone  "  of  the  charter 
is  the  "  Estone  "  (Aston,  Berks)  of  Domesday  (60)  where 
we  read :  "  Comes  Moriton'  tenet  Estone  et  abbatia  de 
"  Pratellis  tenet  de  eo.  Anschil  tenuit  T.E.E.",  ("  Thorix" 
being,  in  the  charter,  the  previous  tenant). 

One  of  the  most  interesting  illustrations  of  Domesday 
is  that  afforded  by  tie  death-bed  gift  of  Robert  son  of 
Tetbald,  "the  sheriff,"  to  St.  Martin  of  Sees  (No.  655). 
To  Mr.  Eyton  belongs  the  credit  of  discovering  the 
importance  of  this  tenant  of  earl  Roger  of  Shrewsbury.^ 
He  boldly  claimed  him  as  "  by  far  the  greatest  feoffee  " 
in  the  earl's  Sussex  fief,  and  as  the  Domesday  lord  of 
the  honour  of  Petworth ;  and  he  further  suggested  that 
it  may  have  been  Sussex  of  which  he  was  the  Norman 
sheriff.  Mr.  Eyton,  however,  was  not  acquainted  with 
this  instructive  charter,  which  proves  the  identity  of  the 
Robert  who  held  "  Totintune  "  (Toddington  in  Lymiuster, 
near  Arundel)  in  Domesday  with  Robert  son  of  Tetbald. 
It  supplies  not  only  the  name  of  his  wife,  but  the  date 
of  his  own  death  (1087)  an  event  referred  to  in  No.  656. 
This  date  is  the  more  important  because  Mr.  Eyton 
held  that  Robert  was  still  living  after  1108,  and  was 
not  affected  by  his  lord's  catastrophe  in  1102.  But  further, 
the  last  four  witnesses  to  the  charter  are  "Robertus 
"  de  Petehorda  presbiter,  Corbelinus,  Hamelinus,  et 
"  Turstinus  de  Petehorda."  "We  have  clearly  here  the 
priest  of  Petworth,  the  "  Corbelinus "   who  held  under 


History  oj  Shropshire  II.  266-267. 


PREFACE.  li 

"Robert"  in  1086  at  Barlavington,  the  "Hamelinus" 
who  held  of  him,  similarly,  at  Burton,  and  prohahly  also 
the  "  Turstinus  "  who  held  of  him  at  Greatham.  We 
may,  therefore,  identify  him  with  the  "Robert"  who 
appears  in  Domesday  Book  as  the  tenant  of  these  manors, 
and  thus  prove  the  correctness  of  Mr.  Eyton's  happy 
conjecture.  Nor  is  this  all  that  we  learn,  from  these 
documents,  of  Robert,  for  we  need  not  hesitate  to  say  he 
is  the  same  as  that  Robert  "  de  Arundello  "  who  gave  land 
at  Hardham  ("  Eringeham ")  to  the  Oluniac  Priory  of 
Lewes  (No.  1391).  Arundel,  with  which  Domesday 
connects  him,  would  be  his  official  residence  as  "  sheriff," 
not  as  Mr.  Eyton  believed,  of  Sussex,  but,  we  may  infer, 
of  "  the  honour  of  Arundel."  Eor  a  Marmoutier  charter 
(No.  1205)  affords  us  the  striking  phrase  "  sheriff  of  the 
"  honour  of  Pevensey."  We  may  ask  ourselves,  there- 
fore, although  such  a  fact  has  never  yet,  it  would  seem, 
been  even  suspected  by  historians,  whether,  in  Norman 
times,  each  of  the  Sussex  honours  had  not  its  own  sheriff. 
There  are  indications  to  that  effect,  both  for  Hastings 
and  for  Lewes. 

It  is  probable  that  to  ecclesiologists,  or  at  least  to 
hagiographers,  the  most  interesting  charters  in  this 
volume  are  those  which  restore  lost  invocations  of 
churches  on  the  old  Welsh  border.  Specially  striking 
is  that  of  St.  Tadioc,  which  defied,  for  a  time,  identi- 
fication, but  is  evidently  now  Dixton  (St.  Peter), 
adjoining  Monmouth.  It  seems  to  commemorate  the 
(alleged)  last  British  archbishop  of  York.  So  too 
Rockfield,  Mon.,  which  had  here  St.  "  Kinephaut "  for 
its  saint,  has  now  St.  Peter;  while  Welsh  Bicknor  had 
then  the  invocation,  not  of  St.  Margaret,  but  of  St. 
"  Custenin,"  i.e.,  of  St.  Constantino  the  king  (Cystennin 
Eendigaid).     At    Monmouth    itself  we  have    a  chapel 

e  2 


lii  PREFACE. 

dedicated  to  St.  Duellus  (No.  1129)  whom  it  would  be 
perhaps  rash  to  identify.  All  these  interesting  invoca- 
tions were  unknown  to  Prof.  Rees  when  he  wrote  his 
erudite  "Essay  on  the  "Welsh  Saints." 

A  group  entry  under  "  Law  "  will  be  found  in  the  "  Index 
Rerum " ;  but  the  attention  of  students  of  legal  history 
may  be  called  to  No.  61.  The  remarkable  feature  of 
this  charter  is  the  number  of  justices  present  among  the 
witnesses.  In  addition  to  John's  own  chancellor,  Stephen 
Eidel,  and  Richard's  justiciar,  Geoffrey  Fitz  Piers,  we 
have  the  two-weU  known  justiciars  Hugh  Bardulf  and 
William  Briewer,  with  Robert  Fitz  Roger,  Roger  Pitz 
Reinfrid,  Robert  de  Witefeld,  Otho  Pitz  William, 
Theobald  Walter,  Thomas  de  Husseburne,  Hugh  Peverell, 
William  Pitz  Richard,  and  Henry  de  Wichenton,  all 
of  whom  acted  as  justices  about  this  time.  Such  a  record 
is  probably  unique.^  It  should  also  be  observed  that 
in  this  document  William  de  Roumare  is  recognised 
as  earl  of  Lincoln  and  Greffrey  Pitz  Piers  as  earl  of 
Essex,  the  latter  style  being  an  anticipation,  and  the 
former  a  solecism. 

A  charter  absolutely  unique  in  this  volume  is  No.  309 
granted  by  Richard  I.  at  Jaffa,  10  January,  1192.  Among 
its  eighteen  witnesses  we  recognise  leading  comrades  of 
the  king,  Robert  earl  of  Leicester,  who  heads  them,  having 
been  concerned,  about  a  fortnight  before,  with  Andrew 
de  Chavigny,  Henry  de  Gray,  Peter  de  Preaux  and  Warin 
Pitz  Gerold,  all  of  them  witnesses,  in  a  desperate  affair  with 


1  There  is,  however,  an  unprinted  Duchy  of  Lancaster  charter,  granting 
lands  to  Henry  de  Cornhill,  towards  the  close  of  Henry  II.'s  reign,  which 
is  witnessed  not  only  by  John  (as  "the  king's  son")  and  Eanulf  de 
Glanville,  chief  justice,  but  by  nine  other  officers  who  acted  as  justices 
about  this  period,  including  four  of  those  who  witnessed  the  above  charter 
(35th  Report  of  Deputy  JJieeper,  No.  163.  Further  names  occur  in 
No.  162). 


PREFACE.  liii 

the  Saracens,^  But  the  special  importance  of  the  charter 
is  found  in  its  proof  that  Richard  was  present  at  Jaffa 
on  the  above  date,  although,  following  the  Itmerarmm, 
historians  have  held  that  he  remained  at  Beit  Nuba  till 
about  January  13,  and  then  reth-ed  to  Ramleh,  whence 
he  marched  towards  Ascalon.  His  presence  at  Jaffa  on 
January  10  is  irreconciliable  with  this  view. 

One   of   the    most    difficult    questions   of   chronology 

occuring  in  these  charters  is  that  which  is  raised  by  the 

words :  "  In  veneris  die,  id  est  feria  septima(sic),  feria 

"  que    tunc    temporis    erat    tercia  ante  Purificationem 

"  S.  Mariae  "  (No.  1112-3).    The  right  reading  is  «  feria 

sexta,"   as  M.  Marchegay  presumed  and  as  the  "  Liber 

Albus"  and  the  Oxford  text  prove;  but  the  difiBculty  is 

that  the  only  year  on  which  Friday  could  come  three  days 

before   the    Purification    (within   the   limits   possible)   is 

1075,  according  to  the  Monasticon,  which  date,  therefore, 

is   given  in   Dugdale's   Baronage   etc.     M.   Marchegay, 

seeing    tliat    the    charter    must    belong    to    the    years 

1079-1083,   declared   that    1080  was  the    only  year  in 

which  the  30th  January,  within  this  limit,  was  a  Friday. 

He  must  have  forgotten  that,  being  leap  year,  it  would 

have  fallen  on  Thursday.    The  30th  was  never,  therefore, 

a  Friday  within   the   limits   ascertained.     The    solution 

propounded  by  the  editor  is  that  "tercia  ante"  means 

here,  as  in  the  Roman  Calendar,  the  second  day  before. 

The  true  date  would  thus  be  Friday  31st  January,  1080. 

By  connecting    this    document    with   No.   1114    which 

M.    Marchegay    placed  a    year    later,    assigning    it    to 

January  7,  1081,  we  reverse  their  order  and  make  them 

part  of  a  single  episode  comprised  within  the  month  of 

January,   1080,    while    the    actual  gift    of  William   de 

Briouze  belongs  to  an  earlier  date.    The  point  derives 

1  Itinerarium  Ricardi  (Rolls),  pp.  300,  302. 


liv  PREFACE. 

some  importance  from  the  fact  that  it  throws  light  on 
the  movements  of  the  Conqueror  and  his  queen  at  a  time 
when  they  are  most  obscure.  According,  indeed,  to 
Mr.  Preeman,  it  was  in  this  very  month  (January  1080) 
that  William  was  besieging  his  son  at  Gerberoy.  But  he 
placed  that  event  a  year  too  late;  its  true  date  was 
January  1079.  Nor  is  this  the  only  case  in  which  fresh 
light  is  here  thrown  on  the  obscure  chronology  of 
William's  reign. 

In  what  is  now  known  as  "Diplomatic"  the  most 
interesting  document,  probably,  is  No.  1423.  Although, 
at  first  sight,  of  singular,  indeed  extravagant,  character, 
its  very  peculiarities  tend  to  prove  that  the  original 
charter  was  genuine.  This  opinion  is  based  solely  on 
the  masterly  paper  by  Mr.  W.  H.  Stevenson  on  the 
Conqueror's  charter  in  favour  of  St.  Martin-le-Qrand,^ 
to  which  this  newly-recovered  document  presents  a 
remarkable  affinity.  In  the  former,  William  describes 
himself  as  "Ingekici  peticioni  adquiescens " :  in  the 
latter  we  read  "Ego  Ingelricus  ad  hoc  impetrandum 
obnixe  studui."  Allusion  may  here  be  made  to  the 
charter  immediately  preceding  (No.  1422),  for  its  men- 
tion, not  only  of  the  English  iBthelings  as  present  at 
the  Norman  Court,  but  of  the  Erench  king  being  there 
also.  This  allusion,  in  a  charter,  to  his  exUe  is,  perhaps, 
unique. 

The  above  comments  on  the  documents  here  calendared 
wUl  be  supplemented  by  the  editor,  for  want  of  space,  in 
some  other  quarter.^  But  the  "Index  Rerum"  wiU,  it 
is  hoped,  call  attention  to  further  points.     In  the  "  Index 

1  English  Historical  Review  XI.  734. 

2  The  Sussex  charters  not  here  discussed  will  be  dealt  with  by  him  in 
Vol.  XLII.  of  the  Sussex  Archaeological  Society's  collections ;  and  he 
hopes  to  communicate  a  paper  on  points  in  certain  documents  to 
ArchcBologia, 


PREFACE.  Iv 

JS'omiimm  "  great  labour  has  beeu  devoted  to  identifying 
place-nameSj  but  in  many  eases  their  corrupt  form  has 
rendered  the  task  impossible.  On  the  other  hand,  the 
Index  of  personal  names  has  been  made  a  special  feature, 
and  will,  it  is  hoped,  as  incorporating  the  editor's  genea- 
logical knowledge,  be  found  of  service  by  those  who  have 
to  deal  with  Anglo-Norman  names. 

Lastly,  the  editor  is  anxious  to  acknowledge  the  assist- 
ance he  has  received  in  his  researches,  especially  from 
the  Archivistes  of  Erance.  M.  Dolbet,  Archiviste  of  La 
Manche,  was  good  enough  to  place  at  his  disposal  all 
the  treasures  of  his  Archives,  and  to  give  him  exceptional 
facilities  for  their  study.  From  the  learned  and  weU- 
known  Archiviste  of  the  Maine-et-Loire,  M.  Port,  as  from 
M.  Bourbon,  Archiviste  of  the  Eure,  and  M.  Chavanon, 
Archiviste  of  the  Sarthe,  he  received  help  without  which 
it  woidd  not  have  been  possible  to  make  this  collection  as 
extensive  as  it  is.  In  Paris  the  services  of  M.  Ch.  Bemont, 
whose  name  is  familiar  to  English  scholars,  and  M.  Couderc,  / 
of  the  MS.  Department,  Bibliotheque  Rationale,  call  for 
his  grateful  recognition.  He  desires  also  especially  to 
thank  Sir  H.  Maxwell  Lyte,  Deputy  Keeper  of  the 
Records,  for  the  personal  interest  he  has  taken  in  the 
work  and  for  many  valued  suggestions  while  it  was 
passing  through  the  press. 


CATHEDRAL   CHURCH   OF   ST.  MARY, 

ROUEN, 

FOR  SECULAR  CANONS. 

[Original  docv/ments  in  Archives   of  Seine  Inferieure. 
Cartulary  in  Public  Library  of  Rouen.     Y.  44.] 


1061.  1.  Charter  of  Edward  the  Confessor  confirming  to  the  church 

(Cartulary,  fo.  26.  of  St.  Mary  of  Rouen  the  vill  of  Ottery  St.  Mary  (Otegia)  free 
raus.  1.)         ^j.  ^ij  aervice  to  the  Crown  and  of  the  trinoda  necessitas. 

[1088-1096.]        2.  Charter  of  Robert  duke   of  Normandy,  son  of  William 

15  Aug.         king  of  the  English  (AngV).    He  grants  to  the  church  of  Rouen 

(Cartulary,  fos.  47,  his  right  to  hemagium  on  its  land  of  Pierreval  (Petrevallis), 

^^^  "^  He  makes  this  gift  on  the  day  of  the  Assumption  in  the  church 

itself,  and  places  it  on  the  altar  by  a  knife  in  the  presence  of 

Robert  count  of  Mellent  aad  Alberie  de  Cocceio  and  Robert  son 

of  Hugh  de  Monteforti  and  many  of  his  barons  also  and  Ralph 

his  chancellor  [and]  Ernulf  de  Cioches  his  chaplain,  William 

being  then  archbishop  and  celebrating  mass  on  this  feast  day. 

1091.  3.  Charter  of  Philip  king  of  the  French  granting  the  abbey 

(Cartulary,  fo.  46d.)  of  St.  Mellon  of  Pontoise  {Pons  Isare)  to  William  archbishop 
of  Rouen  and  his  successors  to  be  held  of  the  king  and  his 
successors,  to  the  honour  and  glory  of  St.  Mary  of  Rouen,  with 
other  grants  (specified).  For  this  fee  (fedium)  the  archbishop, 
if  suitably  summoned,  is  to  attend  unless  he  has  a  lawful 
excuse,  one  of  the  king's  courts,  at  Beauvais,  at  Paris,  or  at 
Senlis,  whence  the  king  will  supply  him  with  an  escort  {con- 
ductus)  to  Chaumont  (Calvus  mans)  or  Pontoise,  and  he  shall 
attend  the  king's  pleas  throughout  the  Vexin  {per  Vilcassinum) 
if  suitably  summoned. 

Anno  M''xc''i''  ab  incarnatione  Domini.  Huic  vero  dona- 
tioni  interfuerunt  quidem  ex  mea  parte  Wido  dapifer  de 
RochefFort  et  Adelinus  de  Lusarchis,  et  Galterus  Tirel,  et 
Paganus  de  Neafla. 

[1107-1128.]  4.  Notification  by  William  bishop  of  Winchester,  chancellor 
(Cartulary,  fo.^49.  of  king  William  the  second  and  chaplain  of  king  William  the 
rans.  329.)  gj.g|.^  ^^^^  ^^  bears  testimony,  for  the  church  of  Rouen,  that 
neither  in  the  time  of  the  first  nor  of  the  second  king  William 
had  any  chancellor  or  chaplain  the  power  of  disposing  anything 
in  the  choir  of  the  church  of  Rouen,  or  of  singing  the  "Christus 
vincit,"^  or  of  doing  anything  else. 

'  There  is  a  late  copy  of  the  original  document  in  the  archives,  G.  3C23. 
2  Compare  Introduction  to  Patent  Rolls,  Vol.  I.  (1835)  p.  xxxv. 

e     92684.         Wt.  4360.  A 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN. 


[1111-1116.] 
2  Feb. 

(.Vidimus  of  1.312 

in  archives. 

Trans.  39.    Also 

original  Inspeximus 

by  Edward  I.,  11  July  ^J^h 

1286,  in  arohi-ves. 

Trans.  212. 
See  also  No.  6.) 


5.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  (as  king  of  the  English  and  Duke  of 
tlie  Normans)  addressed  generally.  He  gives  to  Geoffrey  arch- 
bishop of  Rouen  and  his  successors,  for  the  souls  of  liis  father 
king  William  and  his  mother  queen  Maud  and  his  brother  king 
William  and  himself,  the  manor  of  Bentworth  ( Winteworda) 
the  berewite^  of  Burkham  (B^rcheham),  which  was  de- 
livered to  them  as  worth  201.  a  year ;  to  be  held  in  demesne  for 
their  support  with  all  its  privileges  and  dues. 

Testibus :  Eogero  episcopo  Saresberie,  -et  Roberto  episcopo 
Lincolnie,  et  Ranulfo  episcopo  Dunelmensi,  et  Ranulfo  can- 
cellario,  et  Roberto  comite  de  Mellent,  et  Willelmo  de  Warenna 
comite,  et  Hugone  de  Gournayo,  et  Willelmo  de  Tancarvilla 
camerario,  et  Willelmo  de  Albineyo  pincerna,  et  Nigello^  de 
Albineyo  fratre  suo,  et  Hamone  dapifero,  et  Ada  de  Port. 
Apud  Windesor[es]  in  purificatione  Sancte  Marie  virginis. 


1111-1116. 

(Cartulary,  fo.  28 
Trans.  37.) 


6.  Duplicate  of  Trans.  39,  with  only  first  three  witnesses 
named. 


1113-1120.  7.  Writ  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  men  of  Douvrent.    They 

(Cartulary,  fo.  47d.  are  to  obey  Geoffrey  archbishop  of  Rouen  as  lord  of  the  honour 
Trans.  36,  47.)     ^f  Douvrent,  for  the  king  restores  it  to  God  and  St.  Mary. 
Teste  Ranulfo  cancellario  nostro.     Apud  Rothomagum. 


[1107-1135.] 

(Cartulary.' 

Trans.  43.) 


8.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  (as  king  of  the  English  and  duke  of 
the  Normans)  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  others. 
He  gives  to  St.  Mary  of  Rouen  rights  in  his  forest  of  Aliermont 
(Alihermont). 

Teste  Johanne  episcopo  Lexoviensi ;  Roberto  vicecomite. 
Apud  Rothomagum, 


[1137-1141.]  9.  Charter''  of  Stephen,  addressed  to  H[ugh]  archbishop  of 
(Cartulary,  fos.  45d,  Rouen  and  others  ill  Normandy.  He  restores  to  Hugh  and  his 
67.  Trans.  55.)  guccessors  and  to  all  the  bishops  of  Normandy  all  episcopal 
rights  and  synodals  ;  and  he  renews  the  enactment  of  his  uncle 
king  Henry  (see  under  Evreux,  Trans.  22).  He  decrees  that  all 
who  are  disobedient  shall  be  punished  by  the  power  of  the 
sword  as  well  as  by  episcopal  censure. 

Testibus  :  Hugone  (sicY  episcopo  Wintoniensi,  et  B[ernardo] 
episcopo  Sancti  David ;  R[oberto]  episcopo  Batoniensi ; 
Willelmo  Martel;  G[osleno]  de  Pomeria.  Apud  Winteham." 

[1150-1165.]        10.  Chatter  of  William  de  Roumare,  earl  of  Lincoln,     He 

(Cartulary,  fo.  3id.  gives  to  the  metropolitan  church  of  Rouen    100    shillings,  in 

Trans.  416.)       money  of  Rouen,  annually,  for  ever,  50  to  be  for  light,  namely 

a  wax  (candle)  burning  daily  before  the  high  {'magnum)  altar. 


■  Trans.  :  "  Verewioa."     Cart. :  "  Berewita."  ^  Trans. ;  "  Sagello." 

3  Not  identified  on  collation.  ■•  Text  doubtful  in  its  present  form. 

5  Rectius  :  "  Henrico."  «  ''  Witheham  "  on  fo.  61d. 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN. 


[1150-1155.] 

which  50  shillings  shall  be  paid  from  his  rent  of  Rouraare  on 
the  fourth  day  of  Christmas,  and  the  other  50  to  be  given  for 
the  food  of  the  canons  in  common,  at  the  Annunciation,  from 
his  toll[s]  at  Bourg  Dun  {Dunum). 

His  testibus :  Gaufrido  decano ;  Nicholao  secretario ;  Os- 
miindo  archidiacono ;  Hugone  de  Dblvilla  canonico,  et  multis 
aliis. 

\Circ.  1145.]         11.  Charter^   of  Hugh   archbishop   and    Waleran    dean  of 
Original  in  archives,  Rouen  and  the  whole  convent  of  canons^  addressed  to  French 
''        and   English,   present   and    future.       Having    taken    counsel 
[together]  they  have  given  their  manor  of  Otri  at  ferm  to  their 
men  of  Otri  on  the  terms  that  {ita  quod)  Uluard  and  Roger 
and  ^  shall,  on  behalf  of  them  all,  be  responsible  to 

themselves  for  the  render  of  that  ferm.  These  three  shall  swear, 
and  all  the  others  of  the  manor,  in  the  presence  of  the  canons 
and  the  clerks  or  the  laymen  sent  to  them  by  themselves,  that, 
so  far  as  they  can,  they  will  cause  to  be  restored,  and  when 
restored,  will  assign  to  their  own  demesne,  whatever  they  had 
of  ancient  right  in  their  possession  {proprietate)  at  any  time,  in 
lands,  and  woods,  and  meadows,  and  waters,  and  mills  and 
rents,  and  dues.  They  shall  also  swear  that  they  will  well  and 
faithfully  render,  at  the  appointed  term,  tl^e  (nostram)  ferm  of 
Otri,  namely  40  pounds  sterlirig  and  6  marcs  and  8  shillings 
and  10  pence  halfpenny,  at  Rouen,  without  evil  device  (ingenio), 
suitably  in  chapter,  in  the  hand  of  the  dean  and  canons,  in 
good  faith  [and]  in  open  discharge,  every  year,  so  long  as  they 
shall  hold  the  ferm,  and  this  at  Midsummer.  And  whatever 
they  receive  by  the  hand  of  the  canons,  in  oxen  and  sheep  and 
other  animals,  and  in  crops  (bladis),  whether  in  the  fields  or  in 
bams  (granceis)  and  houses,  the  men  of  Otri  shall  repay  to  their 
'  lords  the  canons  of  Rouen.     This  is  done  on  condition  that  they 

shall  provide  (procv/rabvmt)  wholly  for  two  canons  who  are  now 
to  go  to  the  manor,  [both]  going  and  coming. 

Huic  vero  conventioni  interfuerunt  ex  parte  capituli:  Juhellus ; 
Turoldus  filius  Radulfi ;  Bertrannus  de  Bailluel ;  Willelmus 
filius  Albered[e];  Willelmus  de  Spineto ;  Girardus  de  Fovea; 
Willelmus  filius  Ansfridi. 


(Endorsed.)* 

[1173-1181.]      These  are  the  pledges  of  Walter  de  Bosco      ...  for 

the  deanery  of  Amfreville  {de  dec\_a7iaiu\  damfrevilla)  before 
master  Peter  the  precentor  and  others :  Nicolaus  infans ; 
Radulfus  filius  Roberti ;  Ricardus  de  Saine villa ;  Ernulf ; 
Wigbt ;  Geofrei  filius  Godard ;  Ricardus  Hoel. 

These  are  the  pledges  of  all  the  chattels  that  G.  Burnel  has 
towards  (ergo)  master  Peter  of  Blois  for  the  wrong  (fori8fac[tura]) 

'  Headed  :  "  Oyrographiiln  venim."  ^  Name  erased. 

*  In  an  exchequer  hand  resembling  that  of  our  Pipe  Eolls. 

A    2 


4  ":  CATHEDRAL  CHUECH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ]10UEN. 

[1173-1181.] 

which  he  did  him  :  Wacio  frater  suus  ;  Willelmus  filius  Wauonis ; 
G.  Calcun  ;  Walterus  de  Must' ;  Osb[ertus]  del  Must' ;  Amfrei ; 
Eadulfus  filius  Bemer[ii]. 

These  are  [they]  who  according  to  the  common  deliberation 
(consideratione)  of  the  whole  chapter  owed  [money]  for  the 
construction  of  the  chapter  house  :  Walerannus  de  Mellento  xl.  s. ; 
G.  de  Mundevilla  xl.  s. ;  Rogerus  Norman  xx.  s . ;  Osmund  de 
Peissi  xl.  s. ;  filius  comitis  P[er]t[ice]  xl.  s. ;  Walterus  archi- 
diaconus  de  Sancto  Walerico  xl.s. ;  magister  Petrus  Blesensis 
xl.[s.]  ;  d[ominus]  Jeremias  xl.  s. ;  d[ominus]  Cancellarius^  xxx.  s. ; 
dominus  Decanus  pro  se  et  suis  1.  [s.] ;  dominus  Amic[us]  archi- 
diaconus^ xxx.  s.  ;  dominus  Sacrista  xl.  s. ;  Johannes  Luc[as]  xl.  s. ; 
dominus  Wido  xl.  s. ;  magister  Hubertus  xl.  s. ;  Malveisin  xl.  s. ; 
S[umma]  xxxv.  li.  (sic). 

1151-1154.  12.  Charter  of   Henry,    duke    of    Normandy  and  count    of 

(Cartuiaiy,  fo.  110.)  Anjou,  addressed  to  H[ugh]  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  all  his 
justices  and  prudhommei!  of  Rouen.  He  grants  to  G[irold] 
Malus  Clericus  the  land  of  Reinald  cie  Sancto  Walerico  of  the 
cathedral  precinct  (de  atrio  Sancte  Marie)  at  the  request  and 
by  the  consent  of  Reinald,  for  his  service,  to  build  himself  a 
house  of  stone  and  wood  (fusfo)  at  his  pleasure, 

T[estibus]  Godardo  de  Vallibus,  et  Warino  filio  Geroldi,  et 
teste  Willermo  filio  Hamonis.     Apnd  Rothomagnm.     Valete. 

[1155.]  13.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 

(Original  in       to  St.  Mary  of  Rouen,  Hugh  the  archbishop  and  his  successors 

M^DevTlle"^      the  whole  manor  of  Bentworth  (Binthevorda),  as  free  from  all 

Partial  facsimile,    geld,  danegeld,  hidage,  pleas,   aids,  shire  and  hundred  [courts] 

Trans.  62.)        ^^d     murder-fines     (murdredis)   as   Henry  I.  had  held  it  in 

demesne.     He  also  grants  to  them  the  forfeiture[s]  and  justice 

of  their  own  men. 

Testibus :  Philippo  episcopo  Baiocensi ;  Rotrodo  Ebroicensi 
cpiscopo;  Thoma  cancellario;  Willelmo  filio  Ham[onis]  ;  Guarino 
filio  Geroldi  camerario.     Apud  Northant[onam]. 

[1154-5.]  14.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  R[oger]  archbishop 

(Original  in  archives,  of  York  and  his  lieges  of  Yorkshire.     He  grants  to  H[ugh] 

Cartulary!*fo.  26rf.  archbishop  of   Rouen  (in  exchange)  for  his  revenue  from  Gisors 

Trans'  63.)        all  the  rights  of  Henry  I.  in  the  manor  of  Kiliiam  (Kiluni) 

for  his  life. 

Testibus:  Arnulfo  episcopo  Lexoviensi;  Philippo  episcopo 
Baiocensi ;  Reg[inaldo]  comite  (Coruubie,     Apud  Lond[oniam]).'' 

[1154-8.]  '         15.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of  York 
(,Ir,speximvs  of  12/.5  t^d  his  Hegcs  of  Yorkshire.     He  gives  and  grants  to  Huffh 

in  arenives,  G.  4053."         uu-uj!t>  ii-  •  i  ..       ^.       ° 

Trans.  04.)       archbishop  or  Kouen  and  his  successors  in  exchange  for  Gisors  a 
moiety  of  the  manor  of  Kilham  (Killon),  of  which  he  has  given 

1  Ealf  de  Warnovilla  (?).  2  interlined, 

'  Now  G.  4482  in  archives  of  Rouen. 
■*  These  bracketed  -vpords  not  in  the  Cartulary.     "  Londinum  "  wrongly  in  Trans. 
'  First  three  (of  Transcript)  witnesses  only  in  Inspe.rimus. 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN. 


[1154-8.] 

the  canons  of  Rouen  the  other  moiety.  The  manor  to  be  held 
aa  it  was  by  his  grandfather  king  Henry  in  his  demesne. 

Testibus:  Teobaldo  Cantiiarensi  archiepiscopo ;  Nig[ello]  Eli- 
ensi  episcopo ;  Joc[elino]  Saresb[erien8i]  episcopo ;  R[oberto] 
Exoiiiensi  episcopb ;  Eeginaldo  comite  Comubie ;  Gaufrido 
comite  de  Magnavilla ;  Man[sero]  Bis[set]  dapifero ;  Ricardo  de 
Camvilla  ;  Willelmo  filio  Johannis.     Apud  Radinges. 

[1154-8.]  16.  Duplicate  of  preceding,   only   naming  the  first  three 

(Cartulary,  fo.  2U.  witnesses. 
Trans.  65.) 

[1155-1164.]        17.  Letter  from  Roger  archbishop  of  York  to  Hugh  arch- 

(Inspeximus  in      bishop  of  RoueD.     He  Confirms  to  him  and  his  successors  for 

"cartuiary,  hi^27     ^^^^  ^  moiety  of  Kilon,  which  Henry  the  illustrious  king  of, the 

Trans.  311.)       English  has  given  to  him  and  his  church,  giving  its  other  moiety 

to  the  chapter  of  his  church.     By  the  authority  of  the  blessed 

Peter  and  his  own  he  prohibits  anyone  from  depriving  them  of 

that  possession  or  disputing  it  in  any  way. 

T[estibus]  :  Willelmo  cantore ;  Bartholomeo  archidiacono. 

[1155-1161.]        18.  Charter  of  T[heobald],  archbishop  of  Canterbury  and 

Qittspexivius  in      legate  of  the  Apostolic  ,see,  addressed  generally.     He  confirms 

Cartulary,  io^26d.  *  nioiety  of  the  manor  of  Kilon  to  the  church  of  St.  Mary, 

Trans.  326.)       Rouen,  and  its  canons  as  granted  to  them  for  their  use,  by  the 

charter  of  Henry  the  second,  king  of  the  English. 

[1155-1160.]        19.  Notification  by  Robert,  bishop  of  Exeter,  that  he  was 
(Inspeximus  ut     present  when  his  lord  Henry  king  of  the  English  granted  a 
jOTtuiarv^fo. '26I  iiioiety  of  the  manor  of  Killon  to  the  canons  of  the  church  of 
Trans".  343.)       Rouen,  and  made  delivery  thereof  in  the  hand  of  Gildo  arch- 
deacon of   Eouen.     He  bears  this   testimony   lest   the  grant 
should  decay  with  time. 

[1162,  27  Nov.]      20.  Letter  of  Pope  Alexander  III.  addressed  to  Geofirey  the 
tCartuiary,  fo.  87d.  (Jean  and  the  chapter  of  Rouen.    He  confirms  to  them  a  moiety 
..;       ^j  ^j^^  manor  of   Kyllum,  as   granted    them   by  his   dearest 
son  in  Christ,  Henrj'  the  illustrious  king  of  the  English. 
Datum  Turonis,  v  kalendas  Decembris. 

[1162-1166.]        21.  Charter  of  Ralf  (de  Warnevilla)  treasurer  of  the  church 

(Cartulary,  fo.  50.)  of  Rouen Concerning  the  manor  of  Killon  which 

he  received  from  the  chapter  of  Rouen,  in  1162,  according  to 
the  agreement  between  them,  for  four  years,  he  grants  that  if 
he  dies  within  that  time  everything  on  that  manor  belonging 
to  him  by  acquisition  shall  pass  into  the  hands  of  the  chapter. 

[1154-8.]  22.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 

(Cartulary,  fo.  118.  to  St.  Mary's,  Eouen,  for    its  canons    in  common  the  whole 

Trans.  73.)        ^anor  of  Clere,  as  free  from  geld,  danegeld,  liidage,  pleas,_  aids, 

and  all  dues  as  his  grandfather  king  Henry  had  held  it  in  his 


6  CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN. 

[1154-8.]  „•,,      .    .,  ,.,,, 

demesne,  retaining  nothing  for  Mmself.,  Anyone  holding  aught 
of  it  is  to  be  disseised  ujiless  holding  by  the  gift  or  writ  of 
king  Heniy.  He  also  grants  them,  the  market  there  and  the 
hundred  and  the  forfeitur£[s]  and  justice  of  their  men.  This 
he  does  for  the  souls  of  his  father  and  king  Henry  his  grand- 
father and  his  mother,  and  his  predecessors  and  successors,  and 
for  his  weal  and  the  [good]  estate  of  his  realm. 

Testibus :  Thoma  cancellario ;  Kegi[naldo]  comite  Comubie ; 
Henrico  de  Exsex[a]  constabulario ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto  con- 
stabulario ;  Willelmo  filio  Ham[onis] ;  Guarino  filio  Giroldi 
camerario. 

[116.5-6.]  23.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.      He  grants 

{Inspeximus  by     and   gives   to    Rotrou    archbishop    of    Rouen   the   church   of 
imjn  a'rohiv'es!^  Bent  worth  {Wyniewordaf' w'lih  its  appurtenances. 

TraQs.  212.  Testibus  :  Galfrido  archidiacono^  Cantuarensi ;  Kicardo  archi- 

Cartiiiary,  fo.  28.    diacono   Pictavensi ;    Roberto   comite   Legr[ecestrie] ;    comite* 
raus.  /  .)       Gaufrido ;  Ricardo  de  Lucy  ;  Bernardo   de   Sancto    Walerico  ; 
Alano  de  Neuvilla.     Apud  Westmonasterium. 

[1166-1175.]         24.  Charter  of  Henty  II.  addressed  to    the  archbishop   of 

(Cartulary,  fo.  io7rf.  Rouen  and  l)is  lieges  of  Normandy.     He  confirms  to  Walter  de 

Sancto  Walerico  the  mortgage  (vadium)  which  his  father  had 

on  the  house  of  Gerold  Malus  Clericus,  which  was  given  him. 

He  is  to  hold  it  till  the  sum  is  repaid. 

T[estibus]  :  Rotrodo  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  Henrico 
episcopo  Baiocensi ;  comite  Willelmo  de  Mandevilla ;  Ricardo  de 
Humeto  constabulario ;  Willelmo  de  Curci  dapifero ;  Alwredo 
de  Sancto  Martino.     Apud  Burum. 

[1165-1183.]         25.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  bailiflfs  of  Arques 

(Cartulary,  fo.  46.    and  Drincouit.     The  canons  of  St.  Mary's  Rouen  are  to  enjoy 

rans.    0.)         everything  belonging  to  their  church  and  prebends  as  freely  as 

under  king  Henry  hi.s   grandfather.     And  they  are  to  be  so 

effectually  helped  to  recover  any  land  taken  from  them  that  no 

complaint  from  them  may  reach  him. 

Teste  .R[otrodo]  archiepiscopo  R6thomag[ens]i.    Apud  Chivili. 

[1174-1183.]  26.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  castellan  and  bailiHs 
(Cartulary,  fo.  49rf.  of  Drincouit.  They  are  to  uphold  and  promote  everything 
rans.  6G.)  appertaining  to  the  church  of  Rouen,  as  of  his  demesne,  and 
especially  its  pasture  at  Londiniferes  (Londenerie),  adjudged  to  it 
by  assize  at  Rouen  in  his  court.  No  one  is  to  be  suffered  to  wrono- 
that  church,  and  should  anyone  presume  to  do  so,  amends  are  to 
be  promptly  made  to  it. 

Teste  magistro  Walter©  de  Constantiis.  Apud  Westmonas- 
terium. 


1  "  Bintewortla  "  in  Transcript  71.         2  j^g  «  Archiepiscopo"  in  both  texts. 
'  "  Comite"  omitted  in  Transcript  71, 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  01<^  ST.  MARY.  ROUEN. 


[1173-1181.]        27.  Charter  of    Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Cartulary,  fo.  44.  Rouen  and  all  his  lieges  of  Normandy.     He  confirms  to  the 

rans.  69.)        community  of  canons  of  St.  Mary's  Rouen  the  church   of  St. 

Martin  of  Bee,  which  William  de  Moritania  gave  to  archbishop 

Rotrou,  in  his  presence, — Robert  his  eldest  son  and  heir  assenting 

— and  which  Rotrou  gave  to  the  community  of  canons.^ 

Testibus  :  H[enrico]^  Baiocensi,  et  Arnulfo  Lexoviensi,  et 
Frogerio  Sagiensi,  Ricardo  Constantiensi,  Ricavdo  Abricensi, 
episcopis  ;  Martino  abbate  Ceresiac[i].     Apud  Argentonum. 

[Circ.  1175.]        28.  Charter  of  Geoffrey,  dean  of  the  church  of  Rouen  and 

(Cartulary,  fo.  44rf.  its  convent.    By  the  advice  of  the  archbishop  and  his  brethren  he 

rans.  376.)       disposes  of  the  rents  received  from  England  among  the  chapter. 

[1170-1175.]        29.  Notification  by  Roger  archbishop  of  York,  that  Roger  de 

(Original  in  archives,  Warwic,  the  king's  chaplain,  has  bought  a  messuage  (masuram) 

Cartulary^fo  128    ^^  Roucn,  of  his  fee,  in  the  street  (vico)  of  St.  Denis,  from  Bona 

Trans.  317.)     '  the  wife  (Bona  axore)  of  Toustain  the  mason,  for  7  pounds  of 

Anjou,  by  his  consent  and  permission  (details  of  holding  given). 

Another  messuage,  also  of  his  fee,  which  his  bailiff  the  prior  of 

(St.  Marie  de)  Pie  has,  by  his  command  and  wish,  delivered  to 

the  said  Roger,  he  grants  to  him  and   his  heirs  for  ever  for  the 

annual  rent  of  8  shillings  of  visual  money.     Should   the  said 

Roger  buy,  or  otherwise  acquire  other  lands  or  messuages  of  his 

fee,  he  may  hold  them,  saving  only  the  annual  rent  due  from 

them. 

Testes  sunt  Gaufridus  Rothomagensis  decanus  ;  Radulfus 
de  Wannevilla  thesaurarius  Eboracen,sis ;  Jeremias  archidia- 
conus^ ;  magister  Vacarius  ;  magister  Ansgotus  ;  Radulfus 
prior  de  Gloecestria ;  Godardus  de  Vallibns ;  Reginaldus  de 
Gerpunvilla;  Willelmus  de  Malapalude ;  Bartholomeus  Fergant 
tunc  major  communie  Rothom[agi] ;  Johannes  filius  Luce ; 
Bartholomeo  Bataille  ;  Gaufridus  filius  vicecomitisse  ;  Walterus 
filius  Giroldi ;  Guido  parvus ;  Rogerus  de  Bellomonte ;  Ricardus 
filus  Benedicti ;  Rogerus  Dorgoil ;  Bemardus  pistor,  et  multi  alii. 

[1174  30.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  gives  to 

Circ.  Aug.  8.]   his  beloved  clerk  master  Walter  de  Constanciis  the  chapel  ry  of 

(Cartulary,  fo.  100.  BIythe   (BUo),   with   all   its   appurtenances   in   churches   and 

Trans.  74.)        chapels,  lands,  tithes  and  all  else,  for  so  long  as  he  shall  remain 

a  clerk  (in  habitu  clericali)  to  hold  as  freely  as  any  of  his 

])redecessors. 

Testibus :  R[ogero]  arehiepiscopo  Eboracensi ;  R[icardo] 
Wintoniensi  electis  ;*  comite  Regin[aldo]  Cornubie  ;  Ricardo 
de  Luci ;  Reginaldo  de  Curtenai ;  Willelmo  de  Albigneio ; 
Unfrido  de  Bohun  ;  Roberto  Marmion ;  Hugone  de  Creissi ; 
Willelmo  de  Lamvall[ei] ;  Toma  Basset.  Apud  Stokes' juxta 
mare. 

1  Rolrou's  gift  is  in  G.  4134  in  the  archives.  "  Trans. :  "  Hugone." 

'  i.e.,  de  Clivelande.  ■•  Rectius  "  electo."  >  Trans. :  "  Sookes." 


8 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN. 


[1175.]  31.  Charter  of  Henry,  king  of  the  English,  duke  of  Nor- 

(Cartulary,  fo.  \02d.  mandy,  count  of  Anjou,  son  of  king  Henry,  addressed  generally 
TraDs.202.)       (England).     He  confirms  his  father's  charter  (supra  No.  30), 
but  styles  Walter  his  father's  clerk  and  his  own. 

Testibus:'  Ricardo  Wintoniensi,  jG[aufrido]  Eliensi,  episcopis  ; 
Willelmo  Marescallo ;  Gir[ardo]  Thalebot ;  Roberto  de  Tresgoz  ; 
Bimone  de  Marisco ;  Willelmo  de  Diva ;  Ada  de  Ichebuef.  Apud 
Westmonasterium. 


[?  1175.] 

(Cartulary, 

fos.  69rf  and  78 

[>vrongly  paged] . 

Trans.  67.) 


32.  Charter  of  Heury  II.  addressed  generally.  At  the  request 
of  Bernard  Comin  and  Hawys  his  wife  and  William  his  eldest 
son  and  his  other  children,  and  of  Ralf  de  Sancto  Amando, 
the  heirs  of  Ralf  son  of  Stephen,  he  confirms  to  Master  Walter 
de  Coutances  his  clerk,  the  house  in  Rouen  on  the  great  bridge, 
with  all  its  appurtenances,  which  belonged  to  Ralf  son  of 
Stephen,  which  Walter  bought  from  them  in  the  presence  of 
the  king's  justices  and  the  commune  (communia)  of  Rouen. 
He  also  "confirms  to  him  the  house  of  Ibold  at  the  great  bridge, 
with  the  osier-bed  adjoining  it,  which  the  said  Bernard  and 
his  wife  and  children  owned  by  purchase,  and  sold  to  the 
said  Walter.  For  these  Bernard  with  his  wife  and  sons 
received  140  pounds  of  Anjou  and  a  palfrey  from  Walter,  and 
Ralf  de  Sancto  Amando  100  pounds  of  Anjou.  Walter  has  freed 
the  house  of  Ralf  from  the  ten  marcs  of  gold  which  [claim] 
his  widow  Emma  had  on  it  for  dower.  The  vendors  have 
abjured  to  Walter  all  right  in  these  houses,  and  have  sworn 
to  warrant  them  to  Walter  and  his  heirs.  Walter  is  to  hold 
them  freely,  saving  the  king's  service  and  that  of  the  lords  of 
the  fee. 

Testibus :  Ric[ardo]  Wintoniensi,  Galfii[do]  El[iensi],  episcopis, 
Willelmo  de  Humet  constabulario ;  Rogero  le  Bigot ;  Stephano 
de  Toron[is]  senescallo  Andegavie ;  Rannulfo  de  Glanvilla ; 
Galfrido  de  Pertica ;  Saih[er]io  de  Quinci ;  Ilogero  de  Stutevilla  ; 
Michaele  Belet ;  Willelmo  de  Bendeng[es].     Apud  Windesor. 


[1175.]  33.  Charter    of    Henry    king    of    the    English,    duke    of 

(Original  in  archives,  Normandy,   count   of  Anjou,   son   of  king   Henry,   addressed 
^'  foT'n^im^''''^'  generally,  and  similar  to  his  father's  charter  (No.  32),  which  he 

Trans.'201.)  confirms. 

Testibus  :  Ricardo  Wintoniensi,  et  Gaufrido  Eliensi  episcopis ; 
Willelmo  de  Humeto  ;  Rogero  lo  Bigot ;  Rannulfo  de  Glanvilla ; 
Willelmo  marascallo  ;  Gerardo  Talebot ;  Roberto  de  Tregoz  : 
Adam  de  Ikebo ;  Simone  de  Marisco.     Apud  Westmonasterium 

[?  1175.]  34.  Notification  by  Ralf,  chancellor  of  the  king  of  England, 

(Original  in  archives,  William  de  Malapalude,  the  king's  justiciar,  and  Bartholomew, 

^' f  ^^  Rfi^i^ing'*'^'  ™^yo^"  o^  *^e  commune  (communia)  of  Rouen,  that  Walter  de 

Trans.  497.)       Oastellione  and   Hemma   his  wife,  daughter  of  the  Gomtesse^ 


^  See  Preface. 
^  Sic  in  Transcript,  hut  "  Vicecomitisse  "  in  Cartulary,  rightly. 


CATHEDRAL  CHUEOH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN.    9 


[?1175.] 

have,  in  their  presence,  sold  to  master  Walter  de  Constanciis 
treasurer  of  Rouen  [cathedral]  the  dower  (dotalitiimi)  of 
Hemma,  namely  10  marcs  of  gold  on  the  house  which  belonor 
to  Ralf  son  of  Stephen,  her  husband,  and  have  received  also  in 
their  presence,  the  last  instalment  of  the  price,  so  that  the  said 
treasurer  should  possess  the  said  house,  mortgaged  (obligatam) 
to  him  for  the  above  sum,  as  Hemma  received  it  from  her 
husband,  till  the  10  marcs  of  gold  are  paid  him  in  full  by  the 
heirs.  And  Walter  de  Castellione  has  pledged  his  faith,  both 
for  himself  and  for  his  wife,  because  she  is  enceinte,  that 
if  anyone  should  raise  any  claim  against  the  treasurer  in 
this  matter  they  will  warrant  him  to  the  utmost  of  their 
power. 

Testes  interfuerunt :  Hubertus  canonicus  Lexoviensis ;  magister 
Teobaldus  Turonensis  canonicus ;  Ricardus  de  Malapalude ; 
magister  Odo  de  Constantiis  ;  Willelmus  de  Mara;  Robertus  de 
Mara  filius  ejus  ;  Gillebeitus  Rainfredi ;  Walterus  filius  Giroudi  : 
Nicholaus  Groignet ;  Hugo  et  Galfridus  filii  vicecomitisse ; 
Clarenboudus  Rufus,  et  alii  quamplures  tam  clerici  quam  laici, 
testimonium  debentes  veritati. 

[?  1183.]  35.  Letter  from  [William]  castellan  of  St.  Omer  to   pope 

(Original,  sealed,  in  Lucius  III.  assuring  liim  that  he  was  present  and  heard  king 

'^'^Vraifs  494")       Heniy  son  of  Henry  king  of  England,  in  his  last  moments, 

choose  as  his  [place  of]  sepulture  the  cathedral  church  of  the 

city  of  Rouen  and  earnestly  entreat  tliat  his  corpse  should  be 

taken  there. 

[?  1183.]  36.  Letter    from    Odo   (sic)   duke   of    Burgundy   to    pope 

(Original,  sealed,  ia  Lucius  III.  notifying  that  he  was  present  and  heard  Henry 

arctores,  a  3569.    ^^^  ^f  Henry  king  of   England,  in  his  last  moments,  choose 

Rouen  as  his  [place  of]  sepulture,  begging  urgently  that   he 

might  be  buried  in  the  city  of  Rouen,  in  the  cathedral  church. 

[?  1183.]  37.  Letter  from   Bertram  bishop  of  Agen  to  pope  Lucius. 

(Original,  sealed,  in  [III.]  At  the  request  of  the  clerks  of  the  church  of  Rouen,  he 
""^  Trans.^34Kr'  i°forms  him  of  the  truth  as  to  the  sepulture  of  king  Henry 
the  younger,  lest  [the  interests  of]  justice  should  suffer  through 
his  silence.  When,  at  the  command  of  king  Henry  his  father, 
he  (the  bishop)  had  come  to  liim,  with  a  view  to  restoring 
peace,  he  found  him  lying  on  the  bed  of  sickness.  After 
receiving  at  his  hands  extreme  unction  and  the  other  last 
offices  with  the  greatest  humility  and  devotion,  he  named  the 
church  of  St.  Mary  of  Rouen  as  the  place  of  his  sepulture. 
On  the  bishop  and  several  other  religious  men  earnestly 
advising  him,  in  consideration  of  the  difficulty  of  the  journey 
and  the  distance  of  the  spot,  to  select  the  monastery  of 
Grandmont  [instead],  he  could  not  be  shaken  in  his  pur[)ose. 
Let  his  Holiness  settle  wh.it  is  to  be  done  therein. 


10 


CATHBDEAL  CHUECH  OF  ST.  MAEY,  EOUEN. 


archives,  G.  3569 
Trans.  496.) 


[?1183.]  38.  Letter   of   E[aimund],  duke    of    Narbonne,    count    of 

(Original,  sealed,  in  Toulouse,  marquis  (marcMo)  of  Provence,  to  pope  Lucius  III. 
informing  him  that  he  was  present  at  the  death  of  the  younger 
king  of  England,  who  in  liis  liearing  chose  the  church  of  Rouen 
as  hiB  [place  of]  sepulture,  and  although  begged  and  warned  by- 
many  to  choose  the  church  of  Grandmont  (grandls  mentis) 
instead,  could  not  be  dissuaded  from  his  purpose,  but  prayed  to 
be  buried  in  the  church  of  Rouen,  near  the  tomb  of  his  uncle 
William. 


1184. 

(Cartulary,  fo.  73d. 

Trans.  206. 

Original  in  archives, 

G.  3569.) 


39.  Notification  by  Geoffrey,  son  of  king  Henry,  duke  of 
Britanny  and  earl  of  Richmond,  that  out  of  piety  and  by  the 
counsel  of  the  canons  of  the  church  of  Rouen  he  has  founded  a 
chaplaincy  (capellania)  there  for  the  soul  of  his  worshipful 
brother  king  Henry  the  younger;  and  for  the  support  of  the 
chaplain,  he  has  given  20  pounds  of  annual  rent  from  his  mills 
at  Guiugamp,  payable  at  Midsummer  and  the  Purification,  until 
he  assigns  that  rent  somewhere  else  more  satisfactorily  at  the 
canons'  wish.     Constance  his  wife  approves  and  allows  the  gift. 

Testibus :  Ricardo  gemello  ;  Bono  abbate  do  Rogi ;  Ivone  de 
Gailla  ;  Herveo  Agomar ;  Matheo  de  Bain  ;  Matheo  de  Golena. 
Actum  Roton'  anno  mulxxxiiii.     Datum  per  manum  G.  clerici. 


[1184.] 

(Original  in 

archives,  G.  4483. 

Cartulary,  fo.  73. 

Trans.  208.) 


[Girc.  1186.1] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  141 . 
Trans.  205.) 


40.  Charter  of  Constance  duchess  of  Biitanny  and  countess 
of  Richmond.  She  confirms  the  gift  which  her  worshipful 
husband  Geoiffrey,  son  of  king  Henry,  duke  of  Brittany  and 
earl  of  Richmond,  has  made  to  the  church  of  Rouen  for  the  good 
of  the  soul  of  his  illustrious  brother  Henry  the  younger  king. 

Testibus :  Ricaido  gemello ;  Bono  abbate  de  Rogi ;  Ivone  de 
Gailla ;  Herveo  Agomar ;  Matheo  de  Bain ;  Matheo  de  Golana 
et  multis  aliis. 

Fine  seal  of  the  duchess  nearly  perfect. 

41.  Charter  of  Margaret  queen  of  England.  Ever  preserving 
the  memory  of  her  lord  and  husband,  king  Henry  the  younger, 
and  anxious  to  maintain  the  same  union  of  minds  with  him 
when  dead  as  when  alive,  she  has  determined  to  make  pro- 
vision in  the  church  of  Rouen,  where  his  body  is  buried  ;  namely, 
of  the  money  which  is  to  be  sent  her  by  the  king  of  the 
Hungarians,  she  will,  as  soon  as  she  receives  it,  place  SOO  marcs 
in  the  hands  of  the  abbot  of  Clairviiux  (Clarevallis)  that  he 
may  thence  assign  what  rent  he  can  to  suitable  chaplains  who 
shall  diligently  celebrate  for  the  king's  soul  at  the  altar  to  be 
assigned  them  by  the  dean,  the  balance  to  be  devoted,  on  the 
annive]:sary  [of  death]  to  the  clerks  serving  in  the  choir, 
who  shall  not  be  canons,  at  the  discretion  of  the  dean,  it  being 
her  purpose,  should  God  will,  to  provide  another  endowment 
for  the  chapter,  when  she  has  greater  facilities.  As  to  insti- 
tuting the  chaplains,  she  directs  and   insists  that  her   beloved 


'  "  1184"  iu  Transcript. 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN.      11 


[Circ.  1185.] 

R[obert]  the  dean  sliall  freely  institute  whom  he  will,  with 
the  assistance  of  any  of  the  chapter  that  he  may  wish  to 
consult.     He  and  his  successors  are  to  have  this  right. 

Testibus  hiis :  abbate  Clarevallis ;  Johanne  de  possessa  ; 
Amico  E.othoii()[agi]  tesaurario ;  magistro  Rogero  Normanno  • 
Willelmo  de  Vallibus ;  M[aria]  comitissa  Campaniej  H[awysia] 
comitissa  Gloecestrie,  efc  pluribus  aliis. 

[1184.]  17  Nov.     42.  Letter  of  pope  Lucius  [III.J  to  the  dean  and  chapter  of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  88d.  Rouen.     He  has  received  tlieir  envoys  master  Hubert,  arch- 
Trans.      .)        deacon  of  Lisieux,  and   Helias  canons  of  their  church,  with 
fitting  honour,  has  hearkened  kindly  to  their  prayers,  and  has 
given  them  effect,  by  gladly  admitting  tl-e  unanimous  election 
of  the  bishop  [Walter]  of  Lincoln,  doing  so  the  more  readily, 
because  the  said  bishop  is  very  dear  to  him,  and  he  desires  to 
promote  and  honour  hiin.      He  has  arranged,  at  their  earnest 
request,  to  send   the  pallium  by  his  beloved  son  Hubald  the 
subdeacon,  whom  he  commends  to  their  loving  attention. 
Datum  Verone,  xv.  kalendas  Decembris. 

[1185-1189.]  43.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  has,  by 
(Cartulary,  fo.  65.  consent  of  both  parties  Settled  the  dis})ute  between  Walter  arch - 
Trans.  106.)  bishop  of  Rouen  and  Henry  abbot  of  Ft^camp  concerning  a  monk 
at  Aviscummons  whom  the  archbishop  had  excommunicated 
for  administering  the  sacrament  to  excommunicate  [persons]  in 
his  church  there.  Having  taken  counsel  with  his  bishops  and 
barons,  he  decides  (pronuntiavi)  that  the  monk  shall  seek 
absolution  from  the  archbishop,  who  shall  absolve  him  without 
[demanding]  oath  or  penance,  and  that  the  altars  destroyed  by 
the  archbishop  and  afterwards  repaired  by  the  abbot  should 
be  again  destroyed  by  the  abbot  and  then  rebuilt  by  him  ;  and 
that  the  bishop  of  Evreux  shall  bring  or  cause  to  be  brought 
holy  water  for  reconciling  the  said  church ;  and  that  no  monk 
shall  be  appointed  there  without  swearing  before  the  archbishop 
or,  if  he  is  absent,  his  official,  that  he  will  not  knowingly 
receive  or  communicate,  in  his  church,  those  excommunicated 
by  the  archbishop,  and  that  he  will  not  infringe,  but  uphold, 
the  archbishop's  sentences.  All  this  is  done  saving  the  rights 
of  both  churches. 

Testibus :  episcopo  Dunelmensi ;  Roberto  filio  Willelmi,  archi- 
diacono  de  Notingeham  ;  Wilellmo,  clerico  de  camera  ;  comite 
Willelmo  de  Mannevilla ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo 
Normannie ;  Seero  de  Quinci ;  Hugone  de  Creissi.  Apud 
Rothomagum. 

[?  1188.]  44.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  mayor  and  commune 

(Cartulary,  fo.  11  Id.  (commtt'ftm)  of  Rouen.  They  are  to  allow  Walter  de  Sancto 
Trans.  72.)  Walerico  to  raise  a  reasonable  building  on  the  land  he  holds  in 
mortgage  from  the  sons  of  Gerold  Malus  Clericus,  saving  their 
rights  and  those  of  Bernard  de  Sancto  Walerico.  And  unless 
they  do,  his  justice  of  Normandy  will  make  them  do  so,  that  he 
may  hear  no  more  complaints  of  i^. 

Teste  Willelmo  filio  Ald[elini].     Apud  Fekeham, 


12 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN. 


[1189.]  9  Oct.  45.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  has 
(Cartulary,  fo.  108.  taken  Under  his  protection  Walter  de  Sancto  Walerico,  arch- 
deacon of  Rouen,  as  his  demesne  and  household  clerk, 
wherefore  Walter  and  all  his  substance  and  possessions, 
ecclesiastical  and  lay,  in  holdings,  purchases,  mortgages,  and  all 
else,  are  to  be  protected  as  of  his  own  demesne.  If  Walter 
is  wronged,  full  justice  is  to  be  done  him  promptly,  and  he  is 
not  to  be  impleaded  for  any  of  his  possesions,  except  before  the 
king  himself. 

Teste :    Willelmo   de   Longocampo   Elyensi  eleeto,  cancellario 
nostro.     Apud  Westmonasterium,  ix  die  Octobris. 


[1189.] 

(Cartulary, 

fos.  58,  96,  103. 

Trans.  178.) 


46.  Charter  of  John,  count  of  Mortain.  At  the  request  of  his 
brother  king  Richard  and  of  his  mother  queen  Alienor,  he 
gives  and  grants  to  St.  Mary  of  Rouen  and  to  archbishop 
Walter  and  his  successors  the  chapelry  of  Blythe  (Blia),  with  all 
its  appurtenances,  for  the  archbishop  to  order  it  as  two  prebends, 
each  of  10  pounds  sterling,  to  be  conferred  on  two  priests  who 
shnll  minister  in  the  church  of  Rouen  and  shall  receive  their 
income  through  the  archbishops.  He  shall  also  appoint  to  the 
[cathedral  body  in]  common  20  pounds  sterling  thence,  a  year  ; 
and  10  pounds  to  the  canons  who  shall  be  present  at  the 
annual  obit  of  his  brother  ;  and  10  pounds  to  the  poor  clerks  of 
the  choir  and  the  other  poor  of  the  city  of  Rouen  at  his 
discretion;  and  should  there  be  a  balance  over  from  the 
render  of  the  chapelry,  the  archbishop  and  his  successors  shall 
convert  it  to  their  own  uses. 

Testibus :  Balduino  Oantuarensi  archipiscopo ;  H[uberto] 
Saresbiriensi,  G[ilberto]  Roffensi,  J[ohanne]  Ebroicensi  epis- 
copis  ;  Willelmo  Elyensi  eleeto  ;  Philippo  de  Wigorn[ia].  Apud 
Londoniam. 

1189,  12  Nov.       47.  Charter   of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 

(Original  in  archives,  to  the  church  of   Rouen  and  to   archbishop  Walter  and   his 

^'  ^"cartS^ry"  ^*^'  Successors  the  gift  of  the  chapelry  {capellania)  of  Blythe  (Blia), 

fos.  5Sd,  101.)       which  his  dear  brother  John  count  of  Mortain,  at  his  entreaty  and 

the  petition  of  his  dear  mother  A[Iienor]  queen  of  the  English 

(Anglor')  and  of  the  above  archbishop,  has  made  them  for  the 

weal  of  his  soul  and  those  of  his  father  and  mother  and  his 

brother  king  Henry  the  younger. 

Testibus  :  Baldewpno]  Oantuarensi  archiepiscopo ;  G[ilberto] 
Roffensi,  J[ohanne]  Ebroicensi,  H[uberto]  Sarisbiriensi  episcopis ; 
Willelmo  Marescallo  ;  Willelmo  de  Sancto  Johanne  ;  Philippo 
de  Wigor[nia].  Datum  apud  Westmonasterium,  per  manum 
Willelmi  cancellarii  nostri  Elyensis  clerici'  xii°  die  Novembris, 
regni  nostri  anno  primo. 

[1189.]  48.  Charter  of  Geoffrey  [archbishop]   elect  of   York.      He 

(Original  in  archives,  confirms  the  gift  of  his  dear  brother  John,  count  of  Mortain, 
c  rtu?art°fo'  1U    ^^  ^^^  chapelry  of  Blythe  (Blya),  according  to  his  charter  and 
\rans:  314.)        that  of  king  Richard. 

'  .S(c  in  Transcript,  hut  "  elect!  "  in  original,  rightly. 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN.   IB 


[1189.] 

Testibus :  magistro  Simone de  Apulia  cancellaiio  Ebora[censi^]; 
G[auf rid]o  de  Muscamp  archidiacono  de  Clivelande ;  magistro 
Eoberto  de  Buketorp  ;  magistro  Willelmo  Normanno  ;  Radulfo 
capellano  ;  Petro  filio  Eadulfi. 

1190.  49.  Letter  of  pope  Clement  III.  addressed  to  the  archbishop, 

3  June.         dean  and  chapter  of  Rouen.     He  confirms  to  them  the  chapelry 

(Cartulary,  fo.  59d.  of  Ely  the  (BUo)  as  granted  to  them  by  the  charters  of  Richard 

rans.     4.)       ^j^^^  illustrious  king  of  the  English,  and  of  his  dear  sons  [Geoffrey 

archbishop]  elect  of  York  and  John,  count  of  Mortain. 

Datum  Laterannis  (sic)  iii.  nonas  Junii,  pontificatus  nostri 
anno  tercio.^ 

[1189.]  50.  Charter  of  John  of  Anagni,  cardinal  priest  of  St.  Mark. 

(Original  in  archives.  As   discharging   the   office   of  legate   ( legaiionis  qfficium,)  he 

Cartulary,  foe.  58  97.  Confirms  the  gift  by  John,  count  of  Mortain, — by  the  wish  and 

Trans.  310.)'      a.ssent   of   Geoffrey    [archbishop]    elect   of   York,   and   by  tlie 

entreaty  and  wish  of  his  brother  king  Richard,  &c. — to  Walter 

archbishop  of  Rouen  and  his  successors  of  the  chapelry  of  Blythe 

{Blia),  as  expressed  in  the  charters  of  the  said  Richard,  John, 

and  Geoffi-ey,  which  he  has  duly  inspected. 

[1189-1199.]        51.  Notification  by  Walter  archbishop  of  Rouen,  tliat  he  has 
(.Originaiin  archives,  given  four  of  his  canons,  Nicholas,  Peter,  master  Eustace,  and 

Cartuiarj',  fo.  77.  Robert  de  Sancto  Nicholao,  his  chapelry  of  Blythe  (5iia),  to 
Trans.  319.)  be  held  of  himself,  paying  annually  15  marcs  to  the  chapter  of 
Rouen,  and  GO  to  themselves  and  the  whole  residue  arising 
[from  it],  shall  be  given  to  the  clerks  of  the  choir,  the  poor  and 
the  sick  in  the  city  of  Rouen,  according  to  his  will  and  disposal. 
The  proctor  of  the  said  canons  is  to  pay  thetu  half  the  60  marcs 
at  All  Saints  and  the  other  half,  with  the  15  marcs  to  the 
chapter,  at  Ascensiontide. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Symone  magistro  cancellario ;  magistro  Garino 
archidiacono  ;  masistro  Johanne  Saijiensi ;  ma«[istro  Johanne  de 
Vilariis,  Roberto  de  Sancto  Ermelando,  Nicholao  de  Malapalude, 
Roberto  Osmundi,  Ricardo  de  Malapalude,  Willelmo  de  Bruariis, 
canonicis  Rothomagi ;  magistro  Radulfo  de  Constantiis  ;  magistro 
Johanne  Britone,  et  aliis  pluribus. 

[1189-1199:1  52.  Charter  of  Walter  archbishop  of  Rouen.  At  the  wish 
(Cartulary,  fo.  Tod.  and  with  the  assent  of  his  illustrious  lords  Richard  king  of  the 
— )  English  and  John  count  of  Moriain  his  brother,  by  whom  the 
church  of  Rouen  has  been  endowed  with  the  rents  of  the  chapelry 
of  Blythe  {Blia),  he  appoints,  with  the  approval  of  his  chapter, 
that  the  four  priests  who  by  himself  or  his  successors  shall  be 
assigned  their  shares  in  those  rents,  to  celebrate  mass  for  the 
dead  in  Rouen  cathedral,  shall  have  a  stall  among  the  canons, 
&c.  The  vested  right?  of  Nicholas,  his  chaplain,  and  Peter, 
chaplain  to  queen  Alienor,  are  reserved. 


■  Ehoracuin  "  in  Transcript,  '  No<  in  Ja^e- 


14 


CATHEDBAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN. 


1189,  12  Nov. 

(  Vidimus  in 

arfchives  of  Eouen. 

Trans.  148.) 


53.  Charter  of  Eicliaid  I.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
to  St.  Mary  of  Eouen  and  archbishop  Walter  and  his  successors 
the  whole  manor  of  Bentworth  {Winthevord)  with  all  its 
privileges  as  when  held  by  king  Henry,  his  great-grandfather, 
in  his  demesne.  He  further  grants  them  the  forfeiture  and 
jurisdiction  of  their  own  tenants. 

Test[ibus] :  H[ugone]  Dunelmensi  episcopo,  et  J[ohanne] 
Ebroicensi^,  et  G[odefrido]  Wintoniensi,  episcopis.  Datum  per 
manum  Willelmi  de  Longocampo  cancellarii  nostri  et  Eliensis 
electi  xii.  die  Novembris,  apud  Westmonasterium,  anno  primo 
regni  nostri. 


1190,  2  Jan. 

(  Vidimus  of 
Henry  V.  in 

archives. 
Trans.  156.) 


54.  Charter  of  Eichard  I.  addressed  to  bis  castellan  and 
bailiffs  of  'Drincurt.  They  are  to  protect,  maintain,  and  advance 
everything  belonging  to  the  church  of  Eouen,  as  of  his  own 
demesne,  and  especially  its  pasture  at  Londinieres  (Loudeniis), 
adjudged  to  it  at  Rouen  in  his  court.  They  are  not  to  allow 
anyone  to  wrong  it,  for  it  is  under  his  protection.  Should  anyone 
transgress,  amend  is  to  be  made  Without  delay. 

Test[ibus] :  Eadiilfo  episuopo  Andegavensi ;  Willelmo  filio 
Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie;  Willelmo  de  Humeto  con- 
stabulario  Norn)annie ;  Eadulfo  [vicecomite''^]  de  Bellomonte. 
Apud  Vemolium.  Datum  per  manum  Johannis  de  Alencon 
Lexoviensis  archidiaconi,  secunda  die  de  Januario,  regni  nostri 
anno  primo. 


1190,  1  March.  55.  Charter  of  Eichard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  confirms 
(Original  in  posses-  to  the  archbishop  and  church  of  Eouen  and  all  the  bishops  and 
sion  of  M.  DeviUe.'  j^Q^j^er  churches  of  Normandy,  concerning  those  who  break  the 

treve  de  Bieu  (tlien  follow  the   same  provisions  as  those  of 

Henry  I.  [see  under  Evreux,  Trans.  22]. 

Testibus :  B[artholomeo]  archiepiscopo  Turonensi ;  E[adulfo] 

episcopo  Andegavensi ;    Willelmo   de  Hummez  constabulario ; 

Eoberbo  de  Sabluil   et   pluribus   aliis.      Datum    per    manum 

Johannis    de   Alencon,    vicecancellarii    nostri    et     Lexoviensis 

archidiaconi,  primo  die  Martii,  apud  Ohinohem,  anno  primo  regni 

nostri. 


Trans.  159.) 


1190,  2  March.  56.  Charter  of  Eichard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  confirms 
{Inspeximus  of  1275  to  the  church  of  Eouen,  for  the  benefit  of  its  canons  in  common, 
in  archives,  G.  4053.  ^^^  whole  manor  of  Clere,  to  be  held  as  his  great-grandfather 
*TraTi«.'i59.')  king  Henry  I.  held  it  in  demesne  (repeats  charter  of  Henry  II. 
see  No.  22). 

Testibus :  Pagano  de  Eochefordia  senescallo  Andegavie ; 
Rogero  de  Pratellis,  et  Stephano  de  Longocampo  senescallis 
nostris  ;  Eoberto  de  Sablolio.  Per  manum  Johannis  de  Alenzon 
archidiaconi  Lexoviensis  vicecancellarii,  apud  Chinonem,  ii. 
die  Martii,  regni  nostri  anno  primo. 


'  Trans. :  "  S.  Eboracensi."  ^  Trans. :  "  comite." 

^  Partial  facsimile.    Now  G.  4484  in  archives  of  the  Seine  Inf^rieure. 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN.       15 


1190,  18  March.  57.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
(Ciirtuliiry,  fo.  no.  Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  He  confirms  the  sale  by 
Trans.  150.)  Nicholas  Malus  Clericus  to  Walter  de  Sancto  Walerico  the  arch- 
deacon, of  his  .'^hare  in  all  that  messuage  which  belonged  to 
Girold  Malus  Clericus  his  father,  of  the  fee  of  Bernard  de  Sancto 
Walerico  as  the  charter  of  the  commune  of  Rouen  and  the 
charter  of  the  said  Bernard  witnesses ;  also  the  mortgage  for 
20  marcs  which  Reginald  de  Sancto  Walerico,  father  of  the  said 
Walter,  had  on  that  messuage,  which  mortgage  his  executors 
(divisores  rerum)  demised  to  Walter  as  the  charters  of  Henry  II. 
and  of  the  commune  of  Rouen  witness,  and  36  pounds  of  Anjou 
which  he  expended  in  repairing  the  houses  as  set  out  in  the 
charter  of  the  said  commune.  He  also  confirms  to  Walter  all 
his  other  expenses  in  repairing  or  restoring  them  before  or  after 
the  conflagrations  at  Rouen.  Walter  is  to  hold,  saving  the  rights 
of  Bernard,  lord  of  the  fee,  and  his  heirs,  and  is  also  to  hold  the 
mortgage  and  what  was  not  included  in  his  purchase  from 
Nicholas  till  he  has  recouped  himself  his  expenses  in  full.  He 
is  not  to  be  impleaded  except  before  the  king. 

Testibus:  Waltero.  Rothomagensi,  Balduino  Cantuariensi, 
archiepiscopis ;  Henrico  Baiocensi,  Willelmo  Constancienci, 
Lisiardo  Sagiensi,  Eenaldo  Bathoniensi,  episeopis;  Johanna 
decano  Rothomagensis  ecelesie ;  Amico  thesaurario ;  Ricardo, 
Roberto  arnhidiaconis ;  magistro  Huberto ;  Ricardo  Varro ; 
Bernardo  de  Sancto  Walerico  et  Bernardo  suo  filio,  militibus,  et 
pluribus  aliis.  Datum  per  manum  Johannis  vicecancellarii, 
anno  primo  regni  nostri,  apud  Rothomagum,  die  octava  decima 
mensis  Martii. 

1190,  9  June.        58.  Charter  of  Richard  I.     For  the  weal  of  his  soul,  and  the 

(Cartniary,  fo.  118.)  souls  of  his  father  and  of  his  brother  king  Henry  the  younger, 

buried  in  Rouen  Cathedral,  he  gives  [a  rent]  to  the  cathedral 

church  to    be    annually   received,   at   the   two   terms   in   the 

pr^vdU  of  Rouen,  namely  at  Michaelmas  and  at  Easter. 

T[estibus]  :  Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario  meo ;  Gaufrido 
de  Punz  ;  Philippo  de  Colombiers  ;  Stephano  de  Longo  Campo 
dapifero  meo ;  Stephano  de  Tomham ;  Nicholao  de  Hotot. 
Datum  per  manum  Johannis  de  Alencun  archidiaconi,  vicecan- 
cellarii nostri  anno  primo  regni  nostri  ix.  die  Junii,  apud 
Burdelgalis  {sic). 

[1190]  6  Dec.        59.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed,  to    the    seneschal   of 

(Original  in  archives.  Normandy  and  others.     His  venerable  father  Walter  archbishop 

Cartuiary         °^  Eouen  is  to  enjoy  all  his  rights,  dignities,  and  possessions,  as 

fos.  102  and  1026.)  freely  as  they  were  enjoyed  by  nny  of  his  predecessors  or  by 

himself  before  he  set  out  with  the  king.     His  rights  and  those 

of  his  church  are  to  suffer  no  diminution  through  the  action 

taken  by  R.  Mansellus  [abbot]  elect  of  Jumifeges   (Gemetico) 

saving  always  the  king's  rights  and  his.. 

Teste,  fratre  Garnero  de  Neapoli  magistro  Hospitalis. 
Datum  per  manum  Rogeri  Malicatuli,  apud  Messanam,  vi.  die 
Decembris. 


1^>  CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  01^  ST.  MARY,  EOUEJST. 


[1190-1191.J  60.  Notification  by  J[ohn  de  Alen5on]  archdeacon  of  Exeter, 
(Ca^ulary,  fo.  64d.  fchat,  On  being  satisfied  that  Peter  the  clerk  of  Oteri  had, 
■^  abjured  the  office  of  vicar  {vicariam)  which  he  held  in  the 
church  of  St.  Mary  of  Oteri,  in  the  presence  of  William  bishop 
of  Ely,  chancellor  of  the  king,  and  legate  of  all  England,  and 
had  resigned  it  into  the  hands  of  the  said  William,  he  has 
received,  instituted,  and  canonically  invested  Roger  the 
chaplain,  on  the  prayer  and  presentation  of  the  chapter  of  St. 
Mai-y's  Rouen  as  perpetual  vicar  of  the  church  of  Oteri,  in 
Peter's  place. 

Hiis  testibus  :   magistro   W[  J  de  Axem[uda]  tunc  vice 

archidiacono^ ;  Bartholomeo  de  Kar[en]nt[ona]  clerico ;  Roberto 
le  beden'  et  Reg[inaldo]  fratribus ;  Petro  de  Fonte,  et  multis  aliis. 

[1191-1193.]  61.  Charter  of  John  count  of  Mortain,  addressed  generally. 
COriginal,  sealed,  For  the  Weal  of  his  soul  and  for  the  souls  of  his  father  king 
Deviiie.2Trans°i8o.)l^®'^'''y  ^^^  ^^'^  brother  king  Henry  the  younger,  who  is  buried 
,  See  also  Cartulary,  in  the  church  of  RoucD,  and  of  all  his  ancestors,  at  the  petition 
fos.  70,99.  j^igQ  of  hi^  mother  Alienor  queen  of  the  English,  he  gives  to  the 
blessed  Mary  of  Rouen  and  the  worshipful  archbishop  Walter 
and  all  his  successors  and  the  canons  of  that  church,  in 
frank  almoin  for  ever,  the  chapelry  of  Blythe  (Blya)  with  all  its 
appurtenances,  namely  the  church  of  Harewrthe  with  the  chapels 
of  Serleby  and  of  Marthon' ;  the  church  of  Wathelay  ;  the  church 
of  Westmarcha  with  the  chapels  of  Kirketon',  Walesby,  Hoctou', 
Beu'cate,  Draiton',  Gameleston,  and  Eggemonton  ;  the  church  of 
Estmarcha' ;  the  church  of  Brigeford ;  the  church  of  Luddehani, 
with  all  its  appurtenances,  namely  the  chapel  of  Gunnetorp,  the 
church  of  Gunnolveston' ;  the  land  of  FalJa  which  John  son  of 
Osulf  held  ;  one  bovate  of  land  in  Uunington',  which  Levenoth 
held,  lands  in  Fribert'  which  Walter  and  Robert 'de  Filbert  and 
William  the  chaplain  held  ;  in  Ternesco  four  bovates  of  land  which 
Adam  son  of  Roskill  held ;  in  Wellun  a  meadow  which  Adam  de 
Wellun  held ;  two  (out  of  three  of  the  tithe)  sheaves  of  the 
demesnes  of  Tikehill,  and  Wade  Wrthe,  and  Tinelawe,  and 
Lameleya,  half  the  tithe  on  the  demesne  of  Mameham;  in 
Lindrit  two  bovates  of  land ;  in  Marchiam  one  bovate  which 
Roger  son  of  William  and  Henry  the  priest  held,  in  Tikhill  a 
toft  which  William  son-in-law  (gener)  of  Leffy  held ;  in  the 
same  vill  a  toft  which  William  the  cobbler  (sutor)  held,  one 
which  William  the  canon  held,  one  which  Aelicia  de  Westgate 
held  [and]  a  bovate  which  Robert  son  of  Siward  and  Robert  de 
Estfeld  held.  All  this  the  count  and  his  heirs  will  warrant  to 
them  for  ever. 

Hiis  testibus :  Stephano  Ridell'  cancellario  meo ;  Hugone  de 
Rading',  Willelmo  Sancti  Nicholai  Andegavensis,  et  [H],*  de 
Croilaud    abbatibus;    comite   Rogerio    Bigot;    comite  Ricardo 

'  "  Archidiacono  "  erroneously  in  Trans. 
2  Thete  are  two  originals  of  this  charter  in  the  archives  of  Rouen,  of  which 
G.  4037  has  lost  its  seal,  while  G.  4885,  formerly,  it  would  seem,  that  of  M. 
Deville,  retains  the  fine  seal  and  counter-seal  of   count  John,    The  readings  of 
G.  4037  are  distinguished  as  A. 

'  A.     (Henry  de  Longchamp.) 


CATHEDEAL  CHURCH  OP  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN.        IT 


[1191-1193.] 

de  Clara ;  comite  Willelmo  de  Kummara^ ;  Galfrido  filio  Petri 
comite  Essexie^ ;  Hugone  Bardulf ;  Villelmo  Briwerre^ ;  magistro 
Benedicto  sigillario  meo ;  Albrico  de  Ver^ ;  Roberto  filio 
Eogerii ;  Rogerio  filio  Remfridi ;  Eobertus  de  Wittef[eld]^ ; 
Othone  filio^  Willelmi ;  Waltero  de  DunstanvilW ;  Gilberto 
Basset ;  Hamone  de  Valoniis ;  Theobaldo  Gualterii^ ;  magistro 
Thoma  de  Husseburne ;  H^ugone  Peverell[o] ;  Willelmo  filio 
Ricardi ;  Henrico  de  Wicheton' ;  Willelmo  de  Bruer[ia]  ;  Alano 
clerico. 

[1191-1199.]  62.  Charter  of  Geoffrey  archbishop  of  York  and  primate  of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  59.  England.  He  has  inspected  the  charter  of  his  dearest  brother 
Trans.  313.)  John,  count  of  Mortain,  giving  to  Walter  archbishop  of  Rouen 
and  his  successors  and  his  church  the  chapelry  of  Blythc  (Blin), 
saving  episcopal  rights,  and  the  charter  of  his  dearest  lord  and 
brother,  Richard  the  illustrious  king  of  the  English  confirming 
it.     He  himself  confirms  the  gift. 

Testibus :  Stephano  Baiocensi  decano ;  magistro  Gregorio 
Exoniensi  canonico ;  magistro  Honorio ;  magistro  Henrico  de 
Wigomia ;  magistro  Radulfo  de  Hantona ;  magistro  Ricai'do 
Normanno;  Nigello  de  Riponte;  Rogero  de  Barneviila ; 
Willelmo  de  Bruier'^ ;  Gisleberto  filio  Reifridi.^ 

[1191.]  24  April.  63.  Notification  by  W^illiam  bishop  of  Elj^  legate,  and 
(Cartulary,  fo..64.  chancellor,  that  the  dispute  between  the  canons  of  the  church  of 
Trans.  33  .)  Rouen  and  William  the  priest  "  de  petri"*  concerning  the  chapel 
of  Roveruge^  has  been  settled  before  him  by  this  arrangement 
{finis).  The  said  chaplain  has  admitted  (recognovit)  in  his 
presence  that  the  said  chapel  ought  to  belong  to  the  church  of 
Rouen,  while  the  canons,  moved  by  divine  love,  have  granted 
the  chapel  to  that  chaplain  for  the  annual  pension  of  one  bezant 
at  the  Assumption.  And  the  chaplain  has  promised,  giving  his 
corporal  oath,  to  pay  this  pension  faithfully  and  to  render 
canonical  obedience  for  the  chapel  to  the  church  of  Rouen. 

Hiis  testibus :  Ricardo  Eliensi,  Johanne  Lexoviensi,  archi- 
diaconis ;  magistro  Eustachio ;  magistro  Petro  de  Meslnil ; 
Gisleberto  magistro  de  Huchemaig;  Johanne  de  Templo,  Datum 
Canteburge,  octavo  kalend.  Maii. 

[1194.]  29  Jan.      64.  Letters  patent  of  Richard  T.     If  the  citizens  of  Rouen 

(CMtulary,  fo.  68.  swear  that  they  will  obey  the  mandate  of  the  church  and  ai-e 

^ns.  U2T  sir  [accordingly]  absolved  from  the  sentence  [of  excommunication] 

ChSniel's  Com-     imposed  On  them  on  account  of  the  chui'ch  of  Rouen,  he  con- 

mune  de  Bouen  I.,  stitutes  himself    by  oath,  surety  (fidejv^sores)  that    the  said 

""  *'^         citizens  shall  fulfil  whatever  the  church  shall  enjoin  on  them  at 

th,e  term  agreed  on  between  the  authorities  (personas)  of  the 

church  of  Rouen  and  themselves. 

Teste  meipso  apud  Wormaciam  xxxix.  die  Jamiarii. 

■  A.  '  Bectius  :   "  Willelmo  Briuere."  '  Kectius  :   "  Eeinfridi." 

■*  "  Peori  "  in  Cartulary.  *  Compare  Domesday,  I.,  104. 

*  Taken  from  the  imperfect  charter.  Cheruel  gives  correct  text  from  the 
Cartulaiy. 

e     92684.  -I-  B 


18  CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN. 


1194,  9  Nov.  65,  Letters  patent  of  Richard  I.  An  agreement  (compositio) 
(Cartulary,  fo.  67d.  has  been  made  between  Walter  archbishop  of  Eouen  and  his 
<J."^'54  lYanT  166^^  canons  and  the  citizens  of  Rouen ;  the  wall  and  shops  of  the 
precinct  (atrintn)  shall  be  rebuilt  by  the  citizens  before  Christmas 
as  they  were  whfn  the  strife  broke  out  between  the  canons  and 
the  citizens,  to  the  satisfaction  of  his  seneschal  or  his  bailiffs ; 
and  shall  be  completed  as  they  were  at  the  time  they  were 
pulled  down,  by  himself  and  his  seneschal  or  his  bailiffs ;  and  if 
they  cannot  be  conveniently  rebuilt  before  Christmas,  they  shall 
be  completed  after  Christmas  in  good  faith.  As  to  the  injuries 
wrought  to  the  canons  by  the  citizens  within  the  first  four 
months  after  the  conclusion  of  peace  between  the  king  of  the 
French  and  himself,  he  will  give  full  satisfaction  to  the  canons, 
as  he  should.  For  the  accomplishment  of  these  things  he  con- 
stitutes himself  surety  (fideijussores)  and  Walter  archbishop  of 
Ro.uen  (also)  at  his  [the  kings]  request. 

Datum  per  maiium  Eustachii  decani  Saresbiriensis  tunc 
agentis  vicem  cancellarii  nostri,  apud  Argentonum  ix.  die 
Novembris  anno  vi.  regni  nostri. 

[?  1195.]  66.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  confirms 

<Cartularj,  fo.  108.  to  his  beloved  and  faithful  Walter  de  Sancto  Walerico  arch- 
Traas.  163.)  ^eacon  of  Rouen  his  purchase  from  Nicholas,  Walter,  and 
Godfrey,  sons  and  heirs  of  Ceroid  Malus  Clericus  of  all  the 
messuage  {viasagiutn)  near  the  precinct  (atriunn)  of  St.  Mary, 
the  mother  church  of  Rouen,  of  the  fes  of  Thomas  de  Sancto 
Waleiico,  which  belonged  to  G[eroId]  their  father,  as  is  recited 
in  the  charter  of  the  commune  of  Rcuen. 

Teste  Willelmo  Elyensi  episcopo  cancellario  nostro  xv.  die 
Januarii  apud  Rothomagum.  Datum  per  manum  ejusdem,  regni 
nostri  anno  quinto  (sic). 

1195.  67.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 

(Original  in        the  church  of  St.  Mary  of  Rouen  for  his  anniversary,  and  to 

Cartullr3'ffo^  T^i.  repair  the  losses  and  injuries   inflicted  on  the  archbishop  and  it 

Trans.  165.' (See  also  by  Philip  king  of   France   during    the   war    between    them, 

Yol.  133.  Trans.  286,  300  muicls  (modios)  of  wine  to  be  taken  annually  from  his  wine 

'^c°^y  in  are hivef  ^^^  (modiatione),  in  whole  casks  as,  and  of  such  wine  as  he  is 

Nationaies.)       wont  to  receive,  the  archbishop  to  have  a  hundred  muids  for 

his  own  use  and  the  canons  the  other  two  hundred.     And  if 

the  wine  he  receives  is  not  sufficient  to  supply  three  hundred 

7nuid,s,  the  archbishop  and  canons  shall  have  from  his  revenue 

at  Rouen  twenty  shillings  of  Anjou  for  every  muid  short. 

Testibus:  Warino  Ebroicensi,  H[enrico]  Xantoniensi,  epis- 
copis;  A[nthonio]  decano  l.'uronensi ;  magistro  Ph[ilippo] 
Gantuarensi  archidiacono ;  magistro  E[ustachio]  Saresberiensi'^ 
decano;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  tunc  senescallo  Normannie ; 
Willelmo  Marescallo  ;  Willelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario 
Normannie ;  Willelmo  de  Stagno,  et  pluribus  aliis.  Data  per 
manum  Willelmi  Elyensis  episcopi  cancellarii  nostri,  apud 
Rothomagum,  anno  sexto  regni  nostri. 


1  "  Sagiensi "  wrongly  in  Deville's  tianscript ;    '■  Sar  "  rightly  in  Paris  transcript 
and  Eouen  cartulary.  "^ 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OP  ST.  MARY,  ROUEN.   19 


1202,  68.  Confirmation    by    pope    Innocent   [III.],   addressed    to 

29  April  (?).     Walter  archbishop  of   Rouen  and  the  chapter,  of  the  gift  of 

(Original  in        vvine  to  the  church  of  Rouen  by  Richard  king  of  the  English, 
archives,  G.  3714.      i?  *  &         ' 

Cartulaily,  fo.  75.)  of  famous  memory. 

Datum   Laterani  ii.  (sic)  kal.  Mali  pontificatus  nostri  anno 

quinto. 

1200,  7  June.        69.  Charter   of  John   concerning   the   exchange  given   the 
(<^^|;>s1?al  in       archbishop  of  Rouen  for  Andeli.    [Printed  in  Rotuli  Chartarimi 
Trans.  Ysl)       P*  ^^^'  ^^^  with  Only  three  ■witnesses.] 

Testibus :  Rannulfo  comite  Cestrie ;  Willelmo  Mariscallo, 
comite  Pembrok ;  comite  Roberto  Sagiensi ;  Willelmo  de 
Humet,  constabulario  Normannie ;  Rogero  de  Toeni ;  Rogero 
de  Harecurt ;  Johanne  de  Pratellis,  et  Petro  fratreejus  ;  Roberto 
de  Tumham. 

1207, 11  Nov.  70.  Charter  of  Walter  archbishop  of  Rouen  notifying  that 
(Cartulary,  fo.  122.)  -when  he  was  acting  for  the  king  {vices  regias  agerem)  in 
England,  the  treasure  of  liis  churcb  was  delivered  to  his 
envoys  by  his  command  and  diminished  by  300  marcs,  which 
money  was  distributed  to  the  paid  knights  and  Serjeants  of 
king  Richard.  As  these  300  marcs  were  paid  him  in  full  at 
the  London  exchequer  and  applied  to  his  own  use,  he  remains 
bound  to  restore  that  money.  Wishing  to  provide  for  the  weal 
of  his  soul  and  the  indemnification  of  his  church,  he  gives  it  all 
his  books  and  all  his  gold,  in  whatever  form,  and  his  precious 
stxjnes,  set  or  unset,  also  his  silver  vessels,  for  making  crosses 
and  other  ornaments  for  the  great  altar,  and,  further,  all  the 
ornaments,  books,  and  other  furniture  of  his  chapel,  almost  all 
taken  from  the  treasure  of  his  church.  And  even  though  all 
this  should  fall  short  of  the  sum  of  money  he  had  taken  away, 
yet  his  dear  canons,  moved  by  their  unvarying  devotion  to  him, 
have  fully  forgiven  him  the  balance,  etc. 

Datum  Rothomagi  per  manum  magistri  Johannis  Britonis 
clerici  nostri,  anno  incarnationis  dothinice  m^cC  septinao,  iij°  Id. 
Novembris. 


B  2 


20 

ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY 
(MONT  STE.   CATHERINE),   ROUEN, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS. 

[  Cartulary  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Jnferieure}] 


[Circ.  1055.] 
(Cartulary, 

No.  xxTii.  See 
Cartulaire  de  St. 

Bertin,  p.  435. 
Trans.  360  (I.).) 


1059. 

(Cartulary, 
No.  xxix. 
Trans.  360  (B.). 
See  ut  supra,  p.  43G.) 


1066. 

(Cartulary. 
See  ut  supra,  p.  442.) 


71.  Notification  by  the  bretbren  of  Holy  Trinity  Abbey  that 
they  have  purchased  the  site  of  the  abbey  and  other  lands  from 
Rodulf  of  Warenne  (TFareiA-ne)  and  a  hundred  nci-es  of  wood 
from  Eoger  son  of  the  bishop  [of  Coutances]  who  shared  [with 
Rodulf]  the  inheritance.  "William  duke  of  the  Normans  and 
Mauger,  archbishop  of  Rouen  confirm  the  purchase. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  comitis ;  archipresulis  Malgerii;  ejusdem 
Rodulfi  de  Guarethna ;  Beatricis  uxoris  ejus ;  Rogerii  filii 
episcopi  :  Hubert!  filii  Turoldi ;  Willelmi ;  Hugonis  ;  fiepponis  ; 
Rotberti;  Warnerii  forestarii ;  Ereliemboldi  ;  Gunfridi ;  Snelli ; 
Willelmi  filii  Rogerii,  heredis  scilicet  ijjsius,  qui  ut  omni  paterne 
convent  ioni  annueret,  et  partem  suatn  condonaret,  xiiii.  libras 
et  X.  solid  OS  a  nobis  accepit;  Hugonis  frafcris  ejus  ;  Eodulfi  de 
Cruizmara ;  Turoldi  filii  Osberni  de  Freschenes ;  Gulberti  filii 
Rodulfi  de  Cruizmara  ;  Hugonis  de  Flamenvilla. 

Ex  nostra  parte  :  [Signa]  Ricardi  sonescal ;  Bernardi  coci  ; 
Ansfredi  coci ;  Ascelioi  propositi ;  Radulfi  filii  Benzelli. 

72.  Notification,  that  Rodulf  de  Warenua  with  Emma  his 
wife  has  sold  to  abbot  Rainer  and  his  monks,  for  30  pounds, 
the  churches  of  Omonville  (Amundi  Villa)  Anglesqueville, 
(Anglicevilla),  Flamenvilla,  and  Mautheville  (Maltevilla),  with 
six  "  acres "  of  land  appurtenaut  to  each.  This  is  sanctioned 
and  confirmed  by  William  count  (consul)  of  Normandy. 

[Signa]  ejusdem  Willelmi  comitis ;  Eodulfi  de  Warenna ; 
Emme  uxoris  ejus  ;  Hugonis  de  Flamenvilla,  Ex  nostra  parte  : 
[Signa]  Bernardi  coci ;  Ricardi  senescal ;  Osberni  Bruncosted  ; 
Ansfredi  coci ;  Heddonis  de  Chanaan.     Acta  sunt  hec.     .     .     . 

MLVIIII. 

73.  Notification  that,  in  1066,  when  William  duke  of  the 
Normans  was  about  to  cross  the  sea  with  his  fleet,  a  certain 
eminent  man,  Roger  de  Montgomeri  Viy  name,  released  (perdo- 
oiavit)  his  claim  to  GiverviUe  (Givardi  villa)  to  abbot  Rainer 
and  the  monks  in  Iho  presence  of  the  said  duke,  so  that 
neither  he  nor  his  heirs  might  ever  thenceforth  raise  the  claim, 
and  that  Holy  Trinity  and  its  monks  might  inherit  it  for  ever. 
William  prince  of  the  Normans  confirms  this. 

[Signa]  ipsius  (Willelmi);  Rogerii  de  Monte  Gomeri; 
Willelmi  filii  Osberni;  Giraldi  senescalli;  Rodulfi  camerarii; 
Hugonis  pincerne.  Testes :  Ricardus  senescal ;  Bemardus 
cocus  ;  Ansfridus  filius  Athle. 


'  Edited  by  M.  Deville  in  Appendix  to   Cartulaire  de  St.  Bertin  (Documents 
inedits)  pp.  403-487. 


ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  ROUEN.  21 


[Circ.  1066.]        74.  [Notitication  that]  Roger  son  of  Turold,  when  about  to 

CCartalary,       gross  the  sea  with  count  William,  gave  the  monks  of  the  Holy 

Trans.  6.  Trinity  three  yokes  (jugeres)  of  land  in  Sothevilla  ;  but  as  he 

See  «(»Mpro,p.453,)  could   not  confirm   this,  being  overtaken  by    death    on   that 

voyage,  his  knight  William  Trenchefoii  made  that  gift  in  his 

stead,  with  the  approval  of  William,  king  of  the  English. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  Regis ;  Willelmi  Trenchefoii ;  Bernardi 
forestarii.     Testes  Ricardus ;  Osbernus  ;  Rogerius  Ponc[on]. 

1068.  75.  [Notification  that]  in  the  year  1068,  William  the  earl 

(Cartulary.  [of  Hereford]  son  of  Osbern  dapifer  having  gone  beyond  sea^ 
Seeuts^upra  p. ^i.)  "^^^^  ^is  lord  king  William,  and  being  detained  there  by  some 
illness,  gave  to  Holy  Trinity,  for  his  soul's  sake,  the  dues  of  all 
the  wood  called  Longboel  (Longum  Bothel),  that  the  monks 
might  have  for  ever  from  that  wood,  all  they  needed  for  firing 
or  building,  pannage  for  their  swine,  and  all  else  they  require. 
The  earl's  son  Willifim,  coming  to  the  abbey  afterwards,  gladly 
confirmed  his  father's  gift. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  comitis,  filii  Osberni ;  Willelmi  filii  ejus ; 
WiUelmi  Alis  ;  Gozelini  filii  Ivonis ;  Durandi  forestarii. 

1068.  76.  [Notification  that]  in  the  year  1068  (sic)  Maurice,  son 
(Cartulary.        of  Corbuzzo  the  count's  chamberlain,  in  great  want,  and  unable 

Seeuisupra,v. 459.)  *°  redeem  the  land  of  Gruceth  which  he  had  for  the  most  part 
pledged  to  abbot  Rayner  and  the  monks,  besought  them  that 
they  would  leave  him  some  of  it,  and  keep  the  rest  as  their 
inheritance.  The  abbot  and  the  elder  [monks]  approving,  he 
gave  Holy  Trinity,  at  its  altar,  [to  hold]  allodially,  all  the  land 
of  Gruceth  with  certain  exceptions  [specified],  undertaking  not 
to  demise  or  sell  what  was  left  to  him  to  anyone  but  the 
monks. 

[Signum]  Mauricii. 

1069.  77.  [Notification  that]  duke  William,  becoming  king  of  the 
(Cartulary,        English,  gave,  when  he  was  in  the  royal  vill  of  Gueritho,^<o 

Trans^T  *^^  abbey  of  the  Holy  Trinity  the  land  which  in  English  is 
See  a<  «uj.r«,  p.  4.55.)  Called  Hermodesodes,  with  the  church  and  all  its  appur- 
tenances, at  the  suggestion  and  advice  of  William  son  of 
Osbern,  dapifer,  who  was  count  palatine  (covies  palatii),  in  the 
presence  of  abbot  Rayner  and  the  monks  Nicholas  and  Robert. 
This  gift  was  made  by  a  knife  which  the  king  playfully  gave 
the  abbot  as  if  about  to  stab  his  hand.  Thus,  said  he,  should 
land  be  given.  By  this  testimony  and  by  that  of  many  nobles 
who   were  with  the   king   was   this   gift   made   in   the   year 

MLXVIIII. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  Regis ;  M.athildis  Regine ;  Willelmi  filii 
Osberni ;  Willelmi  episcopi  Londonie ;  Goiffredi  episcopi  Con- 
stancie;  Rotberti  filii  Guimar;  Ricardi  filii  Torsteini  Goiz; 
Erfast[i]  tunc  capellani,  postea  episcopi ;  Hugonis  de  Sillevilla. 


Words  omitted  in  transcript.  '  ?  Guentho[ma]. 


22  ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  ROUEN. 


1080.  78.  [Memorandum  that]  at  the  dedication  of  the  abbey  of 

Easter.  Holy  Trinity  by  Robert  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  other 
(Cartulary,  prelates  [1030]  in  the  presence  of  Robert  cdunt  of  Normandy 
Tramps!''  ^^^  ^^^  nobles,  Gozelin  vicomte  of  Arques,  with  his  wife  and 
See«tswp7n,p.  462.)  sons,  gave  the  abbey,  among  his  other  possessions  the  isle  ot 
Oscellus  otherwise  Turhiilmus;  which  island  Isemberb  and 
Rainer,  the  first  two  abbots,  had  held  without  challenge. 
Under  their  successor  Walter,  Gilbert  bishop  of  Evreux  made  a 
claim  to  this  island,  which  none  of  liis  predecessors  bad  made, 
[and]  which  reached  the  king's  palace  (regia  aula).  It  was 
deemed  unfitting  by  king  William  to  listen  to  any  claim  to 
land  which  the  abbey  had  possessed  so  long,  namely  fifty  years, 
by  his  father's  gift ;  yet,  from  respect  for  the  bishop,  he  gave 
[permission  for]  a  suit  and  appointed  it  to  be  in  his  court.  In 
the  year  1080,  therefore,  at  the  festival  of  Easter,  king  William 
and  queen  Maud  and  their  sons  Robert  and  William  being 
present,  this  suit  {placituTn)  was  held,  at  the  king's  command, 
by  churchmen  and  laymen  of  high  degree,  who  were  then 
assembled  at  the  king's  court  (curia  regis)  for  the  festival, 
namely:  William  archbishop  of  Rouen,  Richard  archbishop  of 
Bourges,  Warmund  archbishop  of  Vienne,  Geoffrey  bishop  of 
Coutances,  Gilbert  bishop  of  Lisienx,  Robert  the  count,  brother 
of  the  king,  R.obert  count  of  Eu,  Guy  count  of  Ponthieu,  Roger 
,  of  Beaumont  and  his  sons  Robert  and  tlenry,  Roger  of 
Montgomeri,  Walter  Gifard,  William  of  Arques,  the  heir,  that  is 
of  his  grandfather  Gozelin,  who  had  given  the  island  to  the 
abbey,  and  all  the  greater  nobless  of  the  king's  court  (nobiliores 
curie  regis).  The  above  William,  at  this  suit,  to  satisfy  the 
bishop  and  remove  all  [cause  of]  dissension,  bore  witness  to  his 
grandfather's  gift,  and  proffered  oath  that  when  Gozelin  had 
given  that  land  to  the  abbey,  he  held  it  freely  and  absolutely 
in  his  own  power.  On  the  bishop  refusing  to  accept  the  oath, 
it  was  decreed  and  decided  by  all  the  above-named  judges,  and 
confirmed  by  the  king's  command  and  authority  that  abbot 
Walter  and  the  monks  of  the  abbey  should  thenceforth  hold  the 
aforesaid  island  freely  and  absolutely  for  all  time. 

[Signa] :  iWillelmi  regis;  Mathildis  regine;  Robert! , 
Willelmi,  filiorum  ;  Willelmi  archiepiscopi ;  Warmundi  archie- 
piscopi ;  Rotberti  fratris  regis ;  Widonis  comitis  Pontivensis. 

1080.  79.  Charter  of  Ingelram  son  of  Hilbert.     By  permission  of 

(Cartulary,      .  William  king  of  the  English  and  queen-  Maud  and  their  sons 

""^rranrT!"        Robert  and  William,  lie  gives  to  Holy  Trinity  abbey  for  the 

Sx:eutsnpra,-p.  466.)  redemption  of  the  souls  of  the  king,  tlje  queen,  and  their  sons, 

himself  and  his  predecessors  land  for  a  grange  and  two-thirds  of 

the  tithes  at  Bois  I'fiveque  (villa  Bosci  qui  vacatur  episcopi),  for 

the  perpetual  right  of  admission  of  one  cVrk  to  the  nionasterj-. 

[Signa]    Willelmi    regis ;    Mathildis    regine ;    Rotberti   filii 

Regis  ;    Ingelrauni   ciijus    (est)   donatio ;  Rotberti   comitis   de 

Moretuil  ;    Vitalis   abbatis  ;    Rainaldi   clerici  ;     Rotberti    filii 

Giraldi. 


ABBEY  or  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  ROUEN.  23 


[N.  D.]  80.  [Notification  that]  Oger    de  Panillosa  villa   hag  given 

(Cartulary,  No.  xv.  to  Holy  Trinity  a  vineyard  of  his  inheritance  in  Longueville 

^*''"'*"^'''''P-^^°-^(ZoTCsramZia),  for  admission  into  the  fellowship  of  the  abbey, 

and  for  the  soul's  weal,  and  the  annual  commemoration,  on  St. 

Audoen's  day,  of  his  brother  Gerelm  lately  deceased  in  England. 

[Signa]   ipsius  Ogeri ;    Willelmi    macecrarii ;    Osmundi   filii 

ejus ;  Osmundi  bestie ;  Ricardi  senescal. 

[Circ.  1067.]         81.  Notification  that  the  moiety  of  Holy  IVinity  chapel,  with 

(Cartulary,         fhe  land  belonging  to  it,  has  been  wholly  redeemed  by  payment 

Trans^B  °^  ^^■'^  pounds  to  Erchembald  son  of  Erchembald  the  vicomte, 

See  ut  supra,  p.  446.)  when  setting  forth  oversea,  and  of  twelve  to  Hugh  pincerna,  of 

Ivry  to  whom  Erchembald  had  mortgaged  it — with  the  assent  of 

William  king  of  the  English  and  duke  of  the  Normans  and  his 

nobles. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  regis ;  Mathildis  regine ;  Willelmi  filii 
Osbemi ;  Emme  matris  ejus ;  Ansfredi  filii  Athle ;  Bernardi 
forestarii.  Ex  nostris :  [signa]  Ricardi  senescal ;  Bernardi  coci ; 
Turstini  fiUi  Wigrin. 

[Circ.  1067.]  82.  Notification  that  William  de  Vernon  {yernonensis)  his  son 
(Cartulary,  No.  xvi.  Hugh  and  his  wife  Emma,  receiving  the  fellowship  of  the  abbey 
See  H<^[pmip^430.)  ^^^^  ^'^^'^  ^^^X  Trinity  [freedom  from]  toll  on  all  its  property, 
by  water  or  by  land,  so  far  as  concerns  themselves  or  the  castle 
of  Vernon.  This  agreement  was  made  in  the  market  place  (ford) 
of  Vernon  by  abbot  Rainer,  before  suitable  witnesses,  to  whom 
also,  at  their  urgent  request,  be  granted  the  fellowship  of  the 
abbey.  William  king  of  the  English  and  duke  of  the  Normans 
assents. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  Regis  Anglorum  ;  Willelmi  Vernonensis  ; 
Emme  uxoris  ejus ;  Odardi ;  Normanni  filii  Ruil ;  Anseredi 
filii  Gerelmi ;  Walterii  filii  Ricardi ;  Raberii  lougi ;  Letardi 
thelonarii ;  Gisleberti  Taillant ;  Heiberti  macecrarii ;  Willelmi 
filii  Gonfredi  macecrarii ;  Osmundi  filii  ejus ;  Ricardi  filii  Herberti 
gravatoris. 

[Circ.  1060.]        83.  [Notification  that]  Roger  de  Buslei  sold  to  Rainer  abbot 

(Cartulary,         (of  Holy  Trinity)  and  his  monks  the  tithe  of  Buslei,  so  far  as 

Tr"'  '499'         he  had  hereditary  right  to  it,  for  72  pounds  and  one  horse.  And 

See  Ht  supra,  p.  444.)  lest  anyone  should   dispute   the   sale,   William   prince   of   the 

Normans  confirms  it. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  comitis  ;  Rogerii  de  Buslei ;  Rotberti  comitis 
de  Auco  ;  Hernaldi  cujus  erat  pars  decime  ;  Rodulfi  de  Cancel ; 
Huelini  de  Drincourt ;  Ricardi  de  Drincourt ;  Turoldi  fratris 
ejus.  Ex  nostra  parte  testes  :  Rotbertus  de  Allavio;  Ricardus 
st'uescal ;  Osmundus  de  Putangle  ;  Bemardus  cocus. 

[Notification  that]  Godard  nephew  of  Ernnlf  prdvot  of  Buslei 
has  delivered  the  tithe  of  all  his  land  to  the  abbot  and  monks 
[to  be  held]  allodially  receiving  from  them  50  shillings. 

[Signa]  Godardi ;  Ernulfi  prepositi,  avunculi  ejusdem  Godardi. 
Testes  :  Ricardus  senescal  :Bernardus  cocus. 


24;  ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  ROUEN. 


[N.  D.]  84.  [Notification  that]  one  of  the  nobles,  named  Hugh  Tale- 

(Canu^ary.^No.  ivi.  both  gave  to  Holy  Trinity  the  tithe  of  Sanreith,  and  that  Walo 

See  utsvpra,  p.  451.)  ^^  ^^  Roca,  who  afterwards  possessed  that  land,  gladly  con6rmed 

the  gift.     Their  successor,  Osbern  de  Ansevilla,  admitted  to  the 

fellowship  of  the  abbey,  has  himself  confirmed  their  gift. 

[Signa]  Hugonis  Talebot ;  Walonis  de  la  Eoca ;  Osbei-ni  de 
Ansevilla;  Osberni  de  Hotot.  Testes:  Gulbertus  de  Ou ;  Osbertus 
de  Albertivilla ;  Heddo  de  Canaan ;  Rodulfus  filius  Hermeri ; 
Rodulfus  de  Pauliaco ;  Osbernus  filius  Goiff'redi  de  Ou ; 
Gozelinus  de  Alladio, 

[Giro.  1060.]  85.  Charter  of  Ansfroi  (Ansfredus)  sou  of  Osbern  de  Ou  vi- 
(Cartuiary  of  Holy  comte,  afterwards  by  God's  grace  a  monk  of  Jerusalem  {Hierosoli  ■ 
"Trans.  501.''^  mitani).  By  consent  of  his  lords  Emma,  wife  of  Osbern  dapifer, 
Seotttsajira,  p.  447.)  and  her  sons  William  and  Osbern,  he  has  given,  in  conjunction 
with  his  wife  Emma,  whatever  he  could,  of  his  inheritance,  to 
Holy  Trinity,  in  which  he  has  offered  his  only  son,  Geofirey,  to 
serve  God.  What  he  has  given  the  monks,  after  the  death  of  him- 
self and  his  wife,  by  consent  of  William  prince  of  the  Normans, 
is  as  follows  :  in  the  Roumois  all  bis  rights  in  Valricher  (  Vallis 
Richer ii)a,nd  in  Si.  J axiqaest  (villa  Sancti  Jacohi)  a.nd  Caprevilla^ 
and  at  Salhus  on  the  Seine ;  and  between  Chivillei  and  Corolme 
two  measures  (jugera)  of  meadow,  and  at  Chivillei  an  acre 
{agrum)  of  meadow,^  and  in  Ermentrudvilla  two  measures 
of  meadow,  and  in  Rouen  his  own  house,  and  in  the  suburb 
of  Rouen  a  vineyard,  with  a  house  and  sundry  fruit  trees. 
Anathema  invoked  on  any  violation  of  the  gift. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  comitis ;  Willelmi ;  Osberni ;  Emme  matris 
eorum  ;  Ansfredi  qui  hanc  donationem  fecit ;  Emme  uxoris  ejus ; 
Bernardi  forestarii ;  Rainoldi  de  Salhus  ;  Petri  parmentarii ; 
Testes  ex  nostra  parte  :  Ricardus  de  Drincurt ;  Turoldus  frater 
ejus ;  Ricardus  senescal ;  Osbernus  Bruncosted ;  Rogerius  Poncon. 

[N.  D.]  86.  Notification  that  Hugh,  a  monk  of  Holy  Trinity,  bought 

(Cartulary  of  Holy  50  acres  of  land  in  the  vill  of  Bodes,  for  7  pounds  and  16 
Nos.  ]xxvil  ixxTii.  shillings,  f rom  Oduif  wife  of  Roger  Malpasnage  and  her  sons 

Trans.' 380.  Robert  and  Roger,  and  that  abbot  Isembert  gave  him  9  acres. 
See  ut  supra,  p.  459.)  ^jgo  that  Emma,  mother  of  Hilbert  de  Laci  gave  to  [the 
abbey  of]  St.  Amand,  when  she  became  a  nun  there,  22  acres  of 
land  in  the  same  vill,  at  Montmain,  (monte  qui  vacatur  Mainart) 
which  the  said  monk  similarly  bought  from  Emma  the  abbess, 
with  consent  of  the  nuns,  for  3  pounds  and  6  shillings, 
Beatrice  the  nun,  who  then  had  charge  of  the  vill,  impleading 
him  for  not  working  that  land. 

[Signa]  Emma  abbatisse ;  Beatricis  preposite ;  omnium 
sororum.  Testes  :  Osmundus  de  Franchevilla ;  Walterius ; 
Ursus  ;  Johannes  ;  Drogo,  et  multi  alii. 


'  Transcript  imperfect  here. 


25 

ABBEY  OF  ST.  AMAND,  ROUEN, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  NUNS. 
[Cartulary  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Infdrieure.] 


\_Ante  87.  Chaiter  of  Geroud,   knight  of   Christ,     By  consent   of 

Aug.,  1067.]  Robert  his  son  and  his  heir,  he  has  given — for  the  weal  of  his 
(Cartulary,  fo.  259.)  goul  and  [that]  of  his  wife  Albereda  who  died  May  21  (xii.  leal. 
Junii) — to  the  nuns  of  St.  Aiiiand,  Rouen  the  church  of 
Romara  and  all  its  tithe  and  five  acres  of  land  and  five  tenants 
(hospites)  in  Gonnevilla,  reserving  no  service.  All  this  he  gives 
free  and  quit  as  he  held  it. 

Inde  sunt  testes :  Maurilius  archiepiscopus   Rothomagensis 
Michael  Ebroicensis  episcopus ;  Renerius  abbas  Sancte  Trinitatis 
Radulfus  frater  Geroudi ;  Hugo  broc ;  Osbertus  de  Novoforo 
Hugo  filius  Baudrici ;  Rogerus  de  Monte  goimerico  ;  Roberto 
(sic)  de  camera,  et  alii. 


[1067.] 
(Cartulary,  fo.  8.) 


[N.  D.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  9.) 


88.  Charter  of  Gerold,  knight  of  Christ.  In  the  presence  of 
William  king  of  the  English,  and  with  his  approval,  he  grants 
for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his  relatives,  to  the  nuns 
of  St.  Amand  the  church  of  Rolmara  and  all  the  tithe,  except 
the  third  part,  which  the  priest  who  serves  the  church  has.  He 
also  gives  5  acres  of  land,  and  the  tithe  of  mares  and  cows  and 
swine  and  sheep  in  the  whole  vill.  Also  four  tenants  (hospites) 
in  Gounovilla,  with  no  service  reserved.  He  further  grants  the 
tithe  of  four  mills,  of  which  he  owns  two  in  Duin  and  two  in 
Barentin.  Also  the  tithe  of  his  toll  at  Arques  (Archa^,  and  the 
tithe  of  his  market  at  Dun. 

Hujus  doni  testes  sunt :  archiepiscopus  Maurilius,  atque 
Rainerus  abbas  Sancte  Trinitatis ;  Fulbertus  archidiaconus ; 
Radulfus  frater  Geroldi,  et  plures  alii. 

All  these  gifts  he  has  given  as  free  and  quit  as  he  held  them. 

Testibus  hiis :  Michael  (sic)  episc[opus]  Abrinc[atensis] ; 
Roger[us]  de  Montegomero ;  A]an[us]  Ruffus ;  Robert[us] 
fili[us]  Rogeri  de  Belmont,  et  plures  alii. 

For  this  the  nuns  gave  Gerold  70  pounds  in  money 
(den[ariorum])  and  20  shillings  which  Ralf  de  Montvilla  had  ; 
and  Helisend  his  wife  [gave  ?]  an  ounce  of  gold,  and  Hugh  son 
of  Baldric  34  shillings. 

Testibus  hiis :  Osberno  de  Novoforo ;  Waltero  sacerdote ; 
Droco  de  Peissi.  [Signa]  Willelmi  regis  Anglorum  ;  Mathildis 
regine ;  Geroldi ;  Roberti  filii  Roberti '  ejus  (sic) ;  Willelmi  filii 
ejus. 

89.  Cha,rter  of  Robert  son  of  Ralf.  He  gives  to  St.  Amand 
his  daughter  Eremborc  and,  with  her,  the  whole  tithe  of 
Godetone  (?), — that  is  of  land,  of  beasts,  of  cheeses,  and  all  things 

'  Probably  in  error  for  "  Roberti  filii  eius." 


26 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  AMAND,  EOUEN. 


[N.  D.] 


tithed, — and  of  Werre  and  of  Nordie  ;  and  at  Hastingues  two 
thousand  herrings  {harens). 

Hiis  testibus  :  Eicardo  de  Bretevilla ;  Ricardo  filio  Walicherii, 
et  Rainberto  cognato  meo. 


[Ante  1067.]         90.  [Notification  that].  -Humf rey  de  Buhun  gave  the  tithe 
(Cartulary,  fo.  7.)    of  his  own  plough  (ccirraca)  and  a  garden  to  St.  Amand  for 
himself  and  his  three  wives  (iij.  uxoribus  suis). 

Hujus  rei  testes  sunt:  Ricardus  camerarius;  Willfelmus 
clericus  et  Robertas  frater  ejus  de  Belfou ;  Restoldus  presbiter 
de  Beueron.     Signum  Willelmi  comitis  et  Norinannorum  ducis. 


1071. 

(Cartulary,  fo.  Id. 
Trans.  14.) 


91.  Charter  of  William  I.  dated  in  his  fifth  year.  He  grants 
to  the  abbey  of  St.  Amand,  for  all  that  the  nuns  held  in  Rouen, 
as  free  customs  as  those  enjoyed  by  St.  Ouen.  And  he  also 
grants  three  bakers,  quit  of  all  service,  with  their  multure 
{7nolta)  and  that  of  all  the  citizens  of  St;  Amand,  and  [their] 
toll  and  profit  (exitus). 

Testes  sunt:  Hugo  pincerna;  Willelmus  filius  Osberni,  et 
Stigandus  dapifer,  et  Radulfus  de  Montepincon ;  ex  parte 
Sancti  Amandi :  Robertus  de  Botes,  et  Turstinus  filius  Wilgrini ; 
Walcherus. 


[Ante  1086.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  Sd. 
Trans.  16.) 


92.  Charter  of  William  I.  granting  to  the  abbey  of  St. 
Amand  a  market  at  Sedan  every  Sunday. 

Testes  sunt :  Mauricius  canceilarius ;  Ivo  Tallebosc ;  Eudo 
dapifer  ;  Reipoldus  frater  abbatisse. 


[Ante  1084.]        93.  Charter  of  queen    Maud  (Mathildis).      By  consent  of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  Sd.   king  William  she  grants  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Amand  a  plough- 
Trans.  18.)        Yund,    and    three     gardens  at    Maintru    {Maintrud),    of    her 
dower,  with  other  lands. 

Testes  sunt :    Hugo    pincerna ;   Radulfus    de    Montpincon ; 
Seifredus;  Tustinus. 


[1086-7.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  9. 
Trans.  15.) 


[N.  D.] 

(Cartuliiry.fo.  7.) 


94.  Charter  of  William  I.  confirming  the  gift  by  Maurice, 
bishop  of  London,  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Amand  of  his  tithes  in 
the  forest  of  Aliermont  (Halieronionte)  and  elsewhere. 

Teste  Willelmo  fiJio  Regis,  etRotberto  comite  Moritoniensi,  et 
Eudone  dapifero,  et  Rotberto  dispensatore. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  Anglorum  regis;  Willelmi  filii  regis; 
J '^oberti/ comitis;  Eudoiiis  dapiferi. 

95.  [Notification  that]  Baldwin  son  of  count  Gilbert  gave 
St.  Amand  a  moiety  of  the  church  of  Modes  and  of  the  tithe 
with  the  offerings  belonging  to  the  church,  for  his  mother. 

Hujus  rei  testes  sunt  hii  ex  sua  parte:  Ricai-dus  frater  ejus 
et  Robertus  Trifeuuag.  Ex  parte  Sancti  Amaiidi :  Hugo  pincerna ; 
Lambertus  de  Fo'.eval ;  Tuistinus  filius  Wigrini. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  AMAND,  ROTJEN.  27 

[1107-1118.]        98.  Notification  by  Henry  I.  [as  King  of  the  English  and 

(Cartulary,  fo  260d.  Duke  of  the  Normans]  that  for  the  souls  of  his  father  and 

0        mother,  and  of  his  brother  king  William,  he  gives  to  the  nuns 

of  St.  Amand  at  Rouen  ten  Tnuids  (modios)  of  wine  a  year 

from  his  cellar.     He  does  this  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  the 

remission  of  his  sins. 

Signa- — Henrici  regis ;  Roberti  comitis  de  Mellent ;  Willelmi 
PuerelH  de  Doura ;  Walteri  filii  Ansg[eri]i ;  Ranulfi  Meschini ; 
Ranulfi  cancellarii. 

lAnte  1120.]         97.  [Notification]  that  Eudo  dapifer  gave  St.   Amand  the 
(Cartulary,  fo.  9.)     whole  tithe  of  the  forest  of  Tison,  small  and  great  [wood],  and 
the  tithe  of  assarts  and  of  cow-walks,  and  swine-walks,  and 
sheep-walks  in  all  his  honour  of  Prdaux  (Pratellls). 

Huic  donationi  interfiaerunt  Rogerus  Sancte  Marie  segres- 
tarius,  et  Rogerus  de  Pireris,  et  Alvredus  de  Lincolia,  et 
Rogerus  de  Vilers  nepos  suus ;  Willeloius  filius  Daneboudi ; 
Radulfus  filius  Gilleberti ;  Robertus  de  Doufret(?),  et  Willelmus 
de  Hauuilla,  et  Adam  de  Teuuilla. 

1147.  98.  Letter   from   Hugh  archbishop   of   Rouen   to  his   dear 

(Cartulary,  fo.  28.)  daughter  in  Christ,  abbess  Emma  and  all  the  nuns  of  St.  Amand, 
confirming  to  them  the  church  of  Amandivilla  with  its  tithes 
&c.  For  Philip  de  Columberiis,  lying  under  anathema,  by  the 
pope's  authority,  for  taking  that  church  from  them,  came  to 
him  [Hugh]  when  about  to  set  out  on  crusade  (iter  Iherosolivii- 
tanwm),  and  restored  the  church,  and,  penitent  for  his  sins, 
received  absolution  from  him. 

Actum  est  hoc  Rothomagi,  assistentibus  archidiaconis  et 
personis  ecclesie  nostre,  Rogero  quoque  archidiacono  nostro 
ecclesie  Baiocensis,  et  Herberto  cantore  Baiocensi ;  Philippo 
quoque  filio  comitis  Gloecestrie,  et  Engelramo  et  Ru.dent  de 
Say,  et  Willelmo  de  Similli,  et  multis  aliis  tarn  militibus  quam 
burgensibus  et  probis  viris.  Anno  ....  mocoxlovii"  sub 
principe  Gaufrido. 

[1154-1164.]  99.  Letter  of  Hugh  "citizen  and  priest"  [archbishop]  of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  2id.  Rouen  to  Henry  II.  The  church  of  Amanvilla  was  given  long 
Trans.  318.)  ^^^  ^^  ^^le  nuns  of  St.  Amand  of  Rouen.  So  long  as  Roger 
bishop  of  Salisbury  held  it,  he  held  it  at  ferm  from  their 
convent.  The  writer  remembers  having  much  communication 
with  him  on  account  of  the  trouble  he  gave  them  about  it. 
Now  on  behalf  of  [the  nuns]  his  daughters,  he  begs  the  king's 
highness,  of  his  generosity,  to  direct  that  the  said  church  with 
all  its  appurtenances,  and  with  tlie  clerk's  things,  which  have 
been  seized  by  him,  shall  be  lestored,  so  that,  by  his  protection, 
the  flock  [of  St.  Amand]  may  rejoice  in  the  integrity  of  their 
possessions,  and  may  be  left  in  peace  by  Ids  officers.  He  will 
remember  that  Pope  Eugenius,  when  he  was  at  Rheims  (1148), 
heard  the  complaint  of  the  nuns  and  ascertained  that  the  bishop 
had  held  the  church    at   ferm  only,  and  at  length  pronounced 


28 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  AMAND,  ROUEN. 


[1154-1164.] 


sentence  of  anathema  on  anyone  who  should  trouble  them. 
Philip  de  Columbariis,  excommunicated  by  the  writer  for  laying 
hands  on  the  endowment,  at  length  confessed  his  sins,  when 
setting  out  for  Jerusalem,  gave  up  the  church,  and  all  he  had 
seized,  for  the  use  of  the  nuns,  and  so  obtained  absolution.  It 
behoves,  therefore,  the  king's  majesty  to  direct  that  the  church 
of  Amanvilla,  with  all  its  appurtenances,  should  belong  to  the 
monastery  of  St.  Amand.  May  God  long  preserve  his  life  and 
health. 


[1180-1183.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  10. 
Trans.  109.) 


[1190.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  9d. 

Trans.  157.) 


100.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  all  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  The  abbey  of  St.  Amand 
and  all  its  possessions  are  under  his  protection,  and  are  to  be 
guarded  accordingly.  If  anyone  wrongs  the  nuns  or  their 
officers,  prompt  and  full  justice  is  to  be  done  them.  No  one  is 
to  implead  the  nuns  except  before  himself. 

Testibus :  magistro  Waltero  de  Constantiis ;  Willelmo  de 
Humeto  constabulario ;  Rogero  le  Bigot.     Apud  Alenzun[em]. 

101.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  has 
taken  under  his  protection  the  abbey  of  St.  Amand,  its  nuns, 
and  all  its  possessions  ecclesiastical  and  lay.  They  are  there- 
fore to  be  guarded  and  maintained  as  his  own.  Should  anyone 
transgress,  amend  is  to  be  made  them  without  delay.  No  one 
is  to  implead  them  for  any  holding  except  before  himself  or  his 
chief  justice. 

Testibus :  Waltero  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  Willelmo  filio 
Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie.  xxii.  die  Marcii,  apud  Rotho- 
magum. 


29 

ABBEY  OF  ST.  OUEN,  ROU  EN, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS. 

[Origiinat  docwments  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Inf^rieure  and 
Deville's  Collection.     MS.  lat.  5423,  m  Bihliotheque  N'ationale.] 


1198,  7  July. 

( Inspeximus  in 
collection  of 
M.  Deville. 
Trans.  175.) 


[1142-1157.]        102.  Charter  of  Walter  earl  Gifard  {comes  Gifardi)  giving 

(MS.  lat.  5423,     the  church  of  St.  Ouen  of  Rouen  [the  right  tol  one  hawk  whicli 

from  original )      '^®  received  every  year  from  that  abbey  (ecclesia)  by  custom. 

This  gift  he  makes  at  Longueville  for  the  soul  of  William  son 

of  Osbern,  of  Cailli,  etc.     .     . 

Ex  mea  parte  hujus  rei  sunt  testes :  Ego  Walterus  comes ; 
Robertus  de  Novilla  dapifer  raeus :  Osbernus  de  Cailli ;  duo 
filii  ejus,  Rogerus  et  Osbernus ;  Willelmus  del  Boscburde), 
et  alii  plures.  Ex  parte  ecclesie  :  ipse  domnus  abbas  Fraternus ; 
Rogerus  prior  de  Longavilla,  etc. 

103.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  gives 
to  the  abbot  and  monks  of  St.  Ouen  the  vill  of  Poses  in 
exchange  for  their  land  at  Limaya  near  Pont  de  I'Arche  and 
for  lands  near  Rouen.  He  also  grants  them  the  tithe  of  all 
his  mills  at  Rouen,  which  he  gave  in  exchange  to  the  arch- 
bishop of  Rouen,  as  they  held  them  before  he  gave  them  to 
him. 

Testibus  :  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  tunc  senescallo  Normannie  ; 
Willelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario  Normannie;  Petro  de 
Pratellis ;  Waltero  (sic)  de  Ely  ;  Willelmo  filio  Ricardi ; 
Nicholao  de  Berleya  et  pluribus  aliis  Data  per  manum  Eliensis 
episcopi  cancellarii  nostri  xvii.  die  Julii,  apud  Rupem  Andely 
anno  nono  regni  nostri. 

1202.  104.  Notification  by  William,  bishop  of  London,  that  in  the 

(Original  in  archives  year  1202,  On  the  feast  of  St.  Margaret  (July  20)  he  received 
Trans^sM  )  ^^  ferm,  from  G[eoifrey]  abbot  of  St.  Ouen  (Audoenus)  and  the 
convent,  for  nine  years,  all  their  land  in  England,  namely 
Mersay,  Fing[r]ingho,  Peith,  and  Duninland[e],  with  the  woods 
and  all  its  appurtenances  on  the  terms  that  paying  three 
hundred  and  twenty  marcs,  within  four  months  of  receiving 
the  land,  for  the  first  four  j-ears,  he  should  pay  no  further 
rent  for  that  period.  For  the  following  years  he  is  to  pay 
annually  100  marcs  at  Rouen,  50  at  Christmas  and  50  at 
Midsummer,  saving  the  [right  of  presentation  to]  the  cliurches 
belonging  to  that  land,  should  a  vacancj'  occur  within  the 
term,  a,lthough  the  bishop  is  to  receive  their  pensions.  As  to 
the  woods,  he  is  not  to  sell,  give,  or  take  anything  except  what 
is  needed  for  the  use  or  building,  or  repair  of  houses  on  the 
land.     If  the  land  shall  fall  into  the  king's  band,  as  being  that 


30  ABBEY  OF  ST.  OU-EN,  ROUEN. 

[1202.] 

of  the  abbey  {occasione  domus  sue]j.  or  shall  suffer  from 
hostilities  (gruerra),  they  shall  be  bound  to  make  good  to  the 
bishop  all  the  losses  which  he  is  proved  by  the  testimony  of  22 
lawful  men  to  have  suffered.     And  if  the  bishop,   within  the 

term  specifier! [?  should  die]  he  will  hand  over 

all  tha|;  land,  saving  the  faith  due  to  the  abbey  and  its 
indemnity,  to  master  Ralf  de  Bisac[iis],  or  to  whom  he  will, 
for  be  has  tendered  his  corporal  oath,  before  Odo  then  prior  of 
St.  Stephen's  of  Caen  .that,  in  that  case,  he,  oq  his  part,  will 
faithfully  carry  out  the  agreement.  This  also  the  bishop,  on 
his  part,  has  promised,  ia  good  faith,  as  they  hare  promised 
to  perform  it,  without  evil  device,  by  lawfijl  persons,  namely 
Reginald  their  prior,  Ralf  de  Ros  their  bailiff,  Richard  prior 
of  Sigi  (Sigeium)  and  William  Burnel,  who  have  sworn  it  on 
their  souls  (in  aniTnas  suas).  The  bishop  has  received,  on  the 
said  manors  the  following  stock:  sixteen  oxen,  worth  five 
shillings  each,  22  beasts  of  burden  (averos)  and  seven  cow.s,  of 
the  same  value,  five  yearling  calves  and  heifers,  worth  two 
shillings  each,  six  milch  calves,  worth  sixpence  each,  thirty 
pigs  of  a  year  and  upwards  {super annatos),  worth  twelvepence 
each,  ten  porkers  worth  threepence  each ;  at  Mersay  a  sheep- 
walk  (bercaria)  of  140  sheep  and  22  wethers,  at  Peith  one  of 
120  sheep  and  12  wethers,  at  Fing[r]ingeho  a  third,  of  120 
sheep  and  12  wethers,  also  a  fourth  and  a  half  there.  And  he 
has  received  166  acres  sown  with  wheat  (frumentum)  and 
106^  of  rye  (siligo)  and  266^  of  oats,  and  11^  of  baiiey  and 
7^  of  beans  and  peas  and  221  of  summer  fallow  of  which 
51^  have  been  thrice-ploughed  (rebinate).  At  the  close  of  the 
term,  he  is  to  hand  over  that  stock  as  he  received  it,  and  to  be 
responsible  for  the  same  number  of  acres,  sown,  summer  fallow, 
and  thi-ice-ploughed.  Odo,  prior  of  St.  Stephen's,  Caen,  who 
has  made  himself  surety  (fidejussor)  for  the  faithful  performance 
of  this  agreement  by  the  bishop  and  by  the  abbot  and  chapter 
has  appended  his  seal. 

Hiis  testibus :  Samsone  abbate  Sancti  Stephani  Cadomi ; 
Odone  priore  ejusdem  loci;  Willelmo  Benjamin  tunc  ballivo; 
Eogerp  de  Mundrevilla  tunc  cellario;  Gregorio  de  Ros,  Petro 
de  Bosco,  monachis;  Adam  de  Karpikeit;  Alano  Russello; 
Roberto  de  Ros ;  Willelmo  de  Camera ;  I>roetto  filio  suo ;  Luca 
pincerna ;  Gaufrido  camerario  et  multis  aliis. 

[?1205.]  105.  Notification  by  A[lard]   dean  of   St.   Paul's   and  the 

(Original  in  archives  chapter  that  they   have    inspected   the    terms   of    agreement 
Tra^°370)       between  William  bishop  of  London  and  the  abbot  and  convent 
of  St.  Ouen,  worded  as  follows : — 

Agreement  corresponding  with  preceding  one  (No.  104)  save 
that  the  term  is  the  bishop's  life,  and  the  annual  render 
80  marcs.  The  losses  are  to  be  assessed  by  twelve  lawful 
men  of  the  diocese.  If  death  overtakes  the  bishop  (de  nobis 
hvrnianiter  contigerit),  the  land  is  to  pass  into  the  hands  of  the 
abbot  and  monks  without  question,  with  all  the  bishop's 
improvements.    If  at  his  death,  there  is  any  deficiency  in  the 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  OUEN",  ROUEN.  31 


£?  1205.] 


IS 


stock  or  of  anything  required  for  cultivating  the  land,  it 
to  be  made  good  out  of  his  other  chattels.  For  the  '  great 
concerns  of  their  lords  {ad  magna  dominorum  eorum  negotia) 
he  has  given  the  abbot  and  monks  a  hundred  marcs  of  silver 
together  with  the  whole  rent  for  the  first  four  years,  namely 
320  marcs,  including  (compiUatis)  80  marcs  previously  paid 
them.  If  he  should  die  within  those  four  years,  the  abbot  and 
monks  are  to  pay  the  balance  of  the  annual  rent  for  the  rest  of 
the  term,  to  those  to  whom  he  shall  bequeath  (legaverimus)  it. 
For  pledges  that  he  will  faithfully  perform  this  agreement,  he 
has  appointed  Richard,  archdeacon  of  Essex,  Peter,  treasurer  of 
St.  Paul's,  John  de  Canci-i,  chancellor  of  [the  diocese  of]  London 
and  masters  Randulf  de  Bysaciis  and  Gilbert  de  PJeisssto  canons 
of  London. 

Hsec  autem  facta  sunt  anno  verhi  incarnati  m°cc°  quinto. 
The  dean  and  chapter  ratify  this  agreement,  and  faithfully 
promise  that  if  the  bishop's  successor,  which  God  forbid  (quod 
absit)  should  presume  to  impede  its  fulfilment,  they  will 
neither  assent,  advise,  nor  help  him  therein,  nor  devise  any 
hindrance  to  the  abbot  and  monks  obtaining  full  and  free 
restitution. 

Hiis  testibus :  A[lardo]  decano ;  Petro  Blesensi  archidiacono 
Londonie ;  Ricardo  archidiacono  Essexie ;  Ricardo  archidia- 
cono Colcestrie;  Benedicto  precentore  Londonie;.  Roberto  de 
Cliflfordia ;  Kogero  capellano ;  Ricardo  juniore ;  Braund  ; 
Henrico  de  civitate;  Willelmo  de  Potema;  Randulfo  de 
Bysaciis ;  magistro  [Gileberto]  de  Plaisseto ;  Ricardo  de  Camera.^ 

1206,  30  May.       106.  Charter  of  John  confirming  the  agreement  between  the 
<Originalm  archives  bishop   of   London   and   the   abbot   of   St.  Ouen.     Printed   in 
T^^i9°'.)       JRotuli  Chartarum,  p.  151&. 

'  1 A  deed  calendared  in  9th  lieport  Hist.  MSS  .Comm.,  App.  I.,  p.  9a,  is  witnessed 
by  ten  out  of  these  fourtesu  witnesses. 


32 

TOWN  OF  ROUEN. 

[Municipal  Archives  of  Bowen.'] 


Vidimus  by  the  official  of  Eouen,  in  1267,  of  tbe  following  :— 

[?  1131.J  107.  Charter   of    Henry   I.    addressed    to   his  justices    of 

(See  La  Boque's    Normandy,  and   the  sheriff,  barons,  and  burgesses  of  Souen. 

MahJd'e"      He  grants  to  William  Mauritus^  and  Osbert  son  of  Hubard  and 

JECarcom-tiu.,  li^.y  their   companions    (sociis),   the    cordwainers   and   shoemakers 

{coTvesariis)  of  Rouen,  that  they  may  have  their  gild  for  their- 

mystery  {de  oninisterio^  suo)  as  well  ar.d  honourably  and  fully 

as  they  ever  had  it,  and  that  none  shall  exercise  their  mystery 

(facial  ministerium  eorum)  within  the  banlieu  of  Rouen  except 

by  their  permission  (per  eos*)  nor  shall   any  wrong  be   done 

them,  who  held  that  gild  in  the  time  of  his  father  and  of  his 

brother  and  of  himself  afterwards. 

Testibus  :  Roberto  de  Haya,  efc  Willelmo  Maledocto.^     Apud 
Arclias^  in  transitu  meo7 

[1170-1177.]  108.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  grants^ 
(Archives :  to  his  tanners  of  Rouen  their  guild  (gildam),  and  their  tan  and 
register  v.,  fo.  255.)  ^jj  (mictum),  and  all  the  customs  and  rights  of  their  guild, 
freely,  etc ;  and  (he  grants)  that  no  one  shall  work  at  their 
craft  (de  officio  eorum)  except  by  their  permission  (per  eos)  for 
the  service  which  the  tanners  do  him.  Wherefore  they  are  not 
to  be  troubled,  or  disturbed,  or  impleaded  concerning  their  craft 
except  before  himself. 

Teste  Egidio  Ebroicensi  episcopo  et  Nicholao  de  Stotevilla.^ 
Apud  Arquas. 

Original  in  archives.      Charter   of    Henry    VI.    9     August    1445,   inspecting   and 
confirming  the  following  charters : — ■ 

[1150-1.]  109.  Charter  of  Henry,  duke  of  Normandy  (sic)  addressed 

(Trans.  76.)  to  Hugh  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  He 
grants  to  the  citizens  of  Rouen  that  they  may  hold  as  they  held 
in  that  year  and  day  when  king  H[enry]  was  alive  and  dead. 
None  of  them  need  answer  any  charge  made  by  a  thief,  a 
criminal,  or  a  forger  (falsator).  None  of  them  shall  plead 
against  anyone  on  any  matter  outside  Rouen,  except  before  the 
duke  of  Normandy,  and  [even]  before  him  only  at  Ste.  Vaubourg- 
(Sanctum  Walburgum)  or  Oyssol.  None  of  them  shall  [have  to] 
guard  a  prisoner,  in  gaol  or  elsewhere — this  was  granted  them 
by  king  Henry.     None  of  them  shall  give  anything  but  wine 

'  See  Preface.  ^  These  names  are  possibly  corrupt  in  the  text. 

»  "Ministro."  ■*  "  Vos."  ■'>  ''Maledeo."  S"Arthas." 

'  This  charter  is  followed  in  the  vidimus  hy  one  purporting  to  be  of  king  "William,"^ 
but  cleiirly  of  king  Stephen,  from  his  reference  to  the  Conqueror  as  his  grandfather. 
There  are  also  given  two  charters,  professedly,  of  Henry  duke  of  the  Normans.  One- 
of  them,  however,  may  have  been  his  father's,  for  a  charter  from  duke  Geoffrey,  i(y 
the  above  effect,  is  preserved  among  the  municipal  archives  of  Eouen. 
8  "  Destotevilla." 


TOWN  OF  ROUEN.  33' 


[1150-l.J 


for  the  wine-due  ('modiacio)  and  if,  when  the  wine  reaches  Rouen, 
the  due  is  offered  to  the  duke's  officers  and  refused,  the  owner 
may  sell  it  freely,  after  waiting  till  nine  {tercia  hora)  the  next 
morning,  without  forfeiture,  saving  the  duke's  rights.     None 
of  them  shall  wage  battle  against  a  champion  proved  to  be 
a  hireling  (conductitiris)  by  the  oath  of  ten  citizens  of  Rouen, 
five  of  them  within  the  city  and  fiye  of  the  bov/rg.     Tiiese  ten 
citizens  shall  be  chosen  by  the  justice  (justicia).     From   the 
day  on  which  the  citizens  of  Rouen  became  the  men  of  his 
father  duke  Geoffrey,  they  need  not  answer  for  past  words  or 
deeds  on  behalf  of  those  who  have  left  Rouen  and  the  com- 
mune (comviunione)  of  Rouen ;  and  they  shall  be  quit,  from 
that  same  date,  of  all  ferms,  debts,  pleas  and  other  demands. 
No  one  in  Rouen  shall  [have  to]  entertain  anyone  except  by 
direction   of   the  city's   own  marshal.     They  may  hold  their 
lands,  and  their  purchases,  and  their  tenures,  and  their  mort- 
gages in  peace,  and  he  will  cause  the  debts  due  to  them  to  be 
paid  within  his  peace  and  jurisdiction  (justicia).   Should  anyone 
have  been  disseised  since  king  Henry.'s  death,  he  will  cause  him 
to  be  re-seised,  if  within   liis  peace  and  jurisdiction.     He  will 
restore  to  the  Serjeants  of  Rouen  their  offices  {ministeria)  as 
they  held  them  in  the  time  of  king  Henry.     No  one  shall  be 
placed  over  [in]  the  mint  or  the   [vi]com,td  or  in  any  other 
office  except  of  his  own  accord.     He  will  neither  tallage  them 
nor  take  their  substance,  unless  offered  him  of  their  own  good- 
will.    He  will  be  advised  by  the  citizens  as  to  everything  and 
all  dues,  injurious   to   Rouen,  within   and   without   the    city, 
introduced  since  the  death  of  king  H[enry].     No  one  shall  be 
given  a  password  {intersigna  accipiat)  by  the  vicomte  (vice- 
comitatu^)  at  the  toll-bar,  but  [a  citizen]  shall  make  declaration 
(affidet)  to  its  keeper  that  he  does  not  pay  custom,  if  the  keeper 
will  not  believe  him  (orediderit)^  otherwise ;  and  no  one  shall 
give  anything  to  the  keeper  except  of  his  own  accord.   The  fourth 
penny  shall  not  be  payable  on  the  wine  of  any  citizen  of  Rouen 
which  shall  be  taken   for  the  duke's  ser^ace.     None  of  them 
shall  pay  any  custom  on  wine  or  anj'thing  else  brought  to  the 
town  which  he   can  declare  to  be  a  gift   (de  presentatione). 
No  ship  shall  go  (eschippare)  to  Ireland  from    anywhere    in 
Normandy  but  Rouen,  except  one  only,  which  may  go  once  a 
year  from   Cherbourg  (Gesaris  burgo);  and  every  ship  coming 
from  Ireland  shall,  after  passing  the  head[land]  of  Guernsey 
(Oernes)  come  to  Rouen.     From  each  such  ship  he  is  to  have 
a  tymbriv/m  of  marten  [skins],  or  10  pounds  of  [money  of] 
Rouen  if  the  merchants  of  that  ship  can  swear  that  they  have  no 
marten  skins  [and  aie]  not  defrauding  the  Duke  of  Normandy 
of  his  dues* ;    and  the  vicomte  of  Rouen  shall  have  20  shillings 
of  Rouen   from    each  [ship],  and  the  chamberlain  a  hawk  or 
16  shillings  of  Rouen.    No  stranger  shall  buy  the  merchandise  in 
these  ships  or  in  any  others  from  beyond  the  sea  except  through 

'  Sic  iu  Trans.  ^  Trans.:  "  reddiderit." 

^  Sense  derived  from  John's  charter. 


c    92684. 


34  TOWN  OF  ROUEN. 

[1150-1.] 

men  of  Rouen  ;  and,  should  anyone  do  this,  half  the  merchandise 
shall  be  forfeited  to  the  duke,  and  half  to  the  men  of  Rouen. 
The  customs  of  Dieppe  (Deppa)  shall  be  similar  to  those  of 
Rouen  in  tolls.  The  men  of  Rouen  who  are  of  the  merchant 
gild  shall  be  quit  of  all  dues  at  London  save  for  wine  and 
porpoise  (crasso  pisce).  They  shall  also  be  free  to  go  through 
ail  the  markets  in  England,  saving  the  king's  lawful  dues. 
And  the  citizens  of  Rouen  shall  have,  at  London,  the  port  of 
Duuegate  as  they  have  had  from  the  time  of  king  Edward 
with  the  right  (consuetudo)  that  if  they  find  in  that  port  a  ship, 
whencesoever  it  be,  they  may  order  it  to  be  removed,  and  shall 
[then]  wait  a  flood  and  an  ebb,  and  if  the  ship  be  not  removed, 
the  citizens  of  Rouen  may,  if  they  will,  cut  the  ropes  of  that 
ship  and  send  her  out,  without  [liabiUty  to]  claim  or  penalty  ; 
and  if  that  ship  be  endangered  by  their  action,  they  shall  be 
responsible  to  no  one.  None  of  the  citizens  of  Rouen  shall  pay 
custom  on  tailors'  goods  (pannenteria)  at  fair  or  market,  coming 
or  going,  on  this  side  of  the  Seine.  Debts  and  contracts 
(conventicmes)  made  at  Rouen  shall  be  discharged  there,  or,  if 
denied,  shall  be  answered  for  there.  No  merchant  shall  pass 
through  Rouen  with  merchandise,  by  the  Seine,  up  or  down 
stream,  except  he  be  a  citizen  of  Rouen.  No  stranger  may 
discharge  wine  in[to]  a  cellar  at  Rouen. 

G[eoffrey]  duke  of  Normandy,  his  father,  declared  (a£li- 
duciavit)  that  he  would  maintain  all  these  concessions  and 
undertook  to  make  his  wife  and  sons  declare  [the  same]  at  a 
proper  place  and  suitable  time..  He  (Henry)  himself  has  made 
this  declaration,  and  should  he  haply  depart,  in  anything,  from 
these  concessions,  he  will  make  amenda  within  forty  days  of 
being  summoned  by  the  citizens,  without  infringement  of  the 
agreement  (conventio). 

Has  etiam  cpncessiones  tenendas  ceperunt  in  manu  Philippus 
Baiocensis  episcopus,  et  Arnulfus  Lexoviensis  episcopus,  et  eas 
affiduciaverunt  tenendas  Walleranus  comes  Mellenti,  Helias 
frater  duels  [Gaufridi],  Willelmus^  Lupell[us],  Robertus  de  Novo 
burgo,  Richerius  de  Aquila,  Willelmus  de  Vernone,  Rogerius  de 
Toenio,  Baudricus  de  Bosco,  Hamalricus  Crespin,  Goschelinus 
Crespin,  Gislebertus  Crespin,  Henricus  de  Ferr[ariis],  Robertus 
de  Torceio,  Ricardo  (sic)  de  Haya,  Enguer[gerus]  de  Bohun, 
Alexander  de  Bohun,  Guido  de  Sabl[olio],  Absalon  Rongnart, 
Goffiidus  de  Claris,  Hugo  de  Monteforti.  Testibus  :  Hugone 
archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi  ;  Reg[inaldo]^  de  Sancto  WaUer- 
[ico] ;  Pagano*  de  Clarevalle ;  Enguerranno  de  Saio.  Apud 
Rothomagum. 

[Aug.  1174-         110.  Charter  of  Henry  11  addressed  generally.     He  confirms 

April  5,  1 175.]  (eoncessisse)  to  his  citizens  and  men  of  Rouen  freedom  through- 

(Trans.  77.)       out  his  dominions,  on  both  sides  the  sea,  from  all  his  dues  by  sea 

and  by  land  ;  and  all  the  lands  at  Rouen  which  paid  custom  shall 

,  '  Trans. :" duels  Willelmi."  2  Trans.;  "  Rogero." 

'  Trans.:  "  Pagono." 


TOWN  OF  ROUEN.  35 


[1174-5.J 

be  free  from  all  custom  save  the  wine-tax  (modiatio)  and  the 
renders  from  mills,  butchers,  and  bakers.  He  grants  to  them 
also  that  they  shall  not  plead  for  their  mortgages,  purchases, 
debts,  or  inheritances  except  within  the  city  of  Rouen,  and  these 
cases  shall  be  judged  by  lawful  men  of  the  city  before  his 
bailiff;  and  they  shall  have  their  wharf  {werfwm)  at  Duuegate 
in  London  as  they  used  to  have  in  the  time  of  king  Henry  his 
grandfather ;  and,  according  to  ancient  custom,  no  ship  shall 
leave  Normandy  for  Ireland  except  from  Rouen,  save  one  a  year 
from  Cherbourg ;  nor  shall  anyone  pass  through  Rouen  taking 
wine  to  England,  except  he  dwell  at  Rouen  :  No  one  is  to 
annoy  or  disturb  them  in  this. 

Testibus :  R[otrodo]  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  Henrico 
Baiocensi,  Arnulfo  Lexoviensi,  Egidio  Ebroicensi,  episcopis; 
R[ogero]  abbate  Becci ;  R[adulfo]  cancellario  ;  comite  Willelmo 
de  Mandevilla ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario  ;  Reginaldo 
de  Cortenai  ;  Roberto  Marmion  ;  Hugone  de  Laci ;  Ricardo  de 
Vernone  ;  Henrico  de  Novo  Burgo ;  Saiherio  de  Quinci ;  Hugone 
de  Cressy ;  Richardo  de  Canvilla ;  Willelmo  Mallavicino  ; 
Reginaldo  de  Paveilly ;  Simone  de  Torronebu  ;  Guerrardo  de 
Canvilla.     Apud  Rothomagum.^ 

1190,  28  June.       111.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  confirms 
(Trans.  160.)        to  the  citizens  of  Rouen  all  their  quittances  and  liberties  and 
free  customs    as  they  enjoyed  them  in  his  father's  day,  and 
according  to  his  father's  charter. 

Testibus :  Willelmo  de  Sancte  Marie  ecclesia  dec[ano] 
Moret[olii]  ;  Willelmo  Marescallo';  Hugone  Bard[ulfo]  ;  Gerardo 
Talbot ;  Radulfo  filii  Godefridi  camerarii.  Datum  per  manum 
Johannis  de  Alengon  archidiaconi  Lexoviensis  vicecanceUarii 
nostri  apud  Cele  xxviii.  die  Junii  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 

1199,  21  May.  112.  Charter  of  John,  as  lord  (doTninus)  of  England  and 
(Trans.  183.)  Ireland,  &c.  addressed  generally.  He  confirms  to  the  citizens 
of  Rouen  all  their  liberties  and  quittances  save  his  wine-tax  at 
Rouen ;  and  this  they  shall  not  pay  on  wine  which  they  can 
declare  (affidare)  to  be  given  them  for  their  own  drinking. 
Should  anyone  be  guilty  of  contempt  of  their  privilege  to  plead 
only  in  Rouen,  the  justice  {nostra  justitia)  shall  constrain  him 
to  come  to  Rouen  and  there  do  right  (as  provided  above). 

The  other  provisions  of  the  first  charter  are  then  confirmed, 
with  slight  variations  in  the  following  clauses. 

His  Serjeants  shall  not  take  their  wine  for  his  service  in 
tavern[s]  except  at  the  fair  ;  and  that  which  they  do  not  take 
in  tavern[s]  shall  be  appraised  by  the  decision  of  lawful  sworn 
citizens,  and  the  price  shall  be  paid.  They  shall  have  their 
recognitions  and  records  of  their  inheritances,  mortgages,  mer- 
chandise, and  all  contracts  (convenciones)  inside  Rouen  and  within 
the  banlieu  (leucatam)  of  Rouen  [made]  by  lawful  men  of  the 

1  15  of  these  witnesses  occur  in  the  charter  to  Jumifeges  (^Mon.  Ang.,  VI.  1088  ; 
Eyton,  187). 

C    A 


36  TOWN  OF  EOUEN. 

1199. 

city ;  and  the  banlieu  of  Rouen  s?iall  be  within  the  city's 
jurisdiction.  Throughout  his  dominion  the  citizens  of  Rouen 
shall  sell  their  mercliandise,  whatever  it  be,  by  retail 
(detallagium)  or  otherwise  as  they  will,  and  shall  load  it  and 
unload  it,  and  bring  it  and  bring  it  back  wlieresover  they  will, 
saving  his  prisage  at  London — for  his  own  drinking,  or  for 
giving  away  as  he  will,  but  not  for  selling— namely,  from  each 
ship  two  barrels,  one  before  and  one  behind  the  mast  at  his 
selection,  to  be  valued  (?)  when  the  rest  of  the  cargo  is  sold ; 
and  the  price  of  the  wine  [so]  taken  is  to  be  paid  in  fuU  within 
fifteen  days,  and  the  prisage  is  to  be  made  within  eight  days 
of  those  in  charge  of  the  wine  giving  notice  to  his  bailiif  who 
makes  the  prisage  at  London,  and  unless  it  is  so  made,  the  said 
citizens  may  do  as  they  will  with  the  wines,  without  obtaining 
permission  from  anyone. 

No  one  who  does  not  reside  in  Rouen  shall  unload  wine  in[to] 
a  cellar  or  house.  The  citizens  themselves  shall  be  free  from 
[payment  for]  pannage  or  pasturage  throughout  his  lands. 
The  citizens  of  Rouen  and  their  ships  and  their  men,  with  their 
beasts  of  burden  and  their  stocks  (pecunie)  shall  ascend  and 
use  (?)  and  traverse  his  river  Seine,  where  they  will,  and  shall, 
if  necessary  remove  bridges  and  bars,  without  any  one's  leave, 
repairing  them  afterwards. 

He  also  gi-ants  and  confirms  to  the  citizens  of  Roueu  their 
Commune  (Gowrninniam),  with  all  liberties  and  jurisdiction  as 
fully  as  they  have  ever  enjoyed  it.  He  further  enjoins  that, 
when  he  is  at  war,  no  knight  shall  stay  in  Rouen  more  than 
one  night,  except  by  his  command,  or  on  account  of  illness. 

Testibus  :  Roberto  comite  Mellenti ;  Willelmo  Marescalio  ; 
Willelmo  de  Keou ;  Gerardo  de  Fornival ;  Rogone  de  Saceio; 
Willelii.o  de  Pratellis ;  Willelmo  de  Cantelou;  Johanne  de 
Bracesta ;  Willelmo  filio  Alani.  Datum  per  manum  magistri 
Roscelini  tunc  agentis  vices  cancellarii  nostri,  apud  Deppam,  xxi. 
die  Maii,  anno  ducatus  nostri  primo,  Matheo  Grosso  tunc 
majore  Rothomagi. 


37 

ABBEY   OF 
THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  FECAMP, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE    OP    ROUEN. 

[Charters  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Infdrieure.     Cartulary  in 
Public  lAhrary  of  Rouen,  Y.  51. J 


[1035-7.]  113.  Charter  [professedly]'^  of  William  I.  notifying  that  his 

(Vidimus  in  archives,  grandfather  Coimt  Richard  gave  the  church  of  St.  Gervase 
Trans.  9.)  with  all  its  appurtenances  at  Rouen,  for  the  weal  of  his  own 
and  his  parents'  souls,  to  John  then  abhot  of  Ff^camp,  to  be  for 
all  time  a  hospice  for  him  and  his  monks,  which  gift  the  king 
confirms.  Infringement  of  it  to  involve  forfeiture  of  a  hundred 
pounds  of  gold. 

Sign  a — Willermi  Anglorum  regis  et  ducis  Normannorum, 
domini  Roberti  archiepiscopi  ;  Gingolor  archiepiscopi ;  domini 
Johannis  abbatis  ;  Gradulfi  abbatis  ;  Ranerii  abbatis  ;  Durandi 
abbatis;  Valerani^  comitis  ;  Ingelrani  coraitis ;  Nigelli;  Osberti ; 
Guilberti  comitis ;  Ricardi  vicecomitis  ;  Gozelini  vicecomitis. 

[1086.]  114.  [Notification  that]  a  plea  was  held  at  Ala  Chocha  a 

(Cartulary,  fo.  82.)  manor  of  William  of  Eu  (Dou)  concerning  William  de  Braiose 
and  the  property  of  the  abbey  of  the  Holy  Trinity  [of  Fecamp], 
king  William  holding  the  plea  on  a  Sunday,  [sitting]  from 
morning  till  eve.  It  was  there  settled  and  agreed  as  to  the 
wood  of  Hamode  that  it  should  be  divided  through  the  middle, 
both  the  wood  and  the  land  in  which  the  villeins  had  dwelt  and 
which  belongs  to  the  wood ;  and  by  the  king's  command  a 
hedge  (hagia)  was  made  through  the  middle,  and  the  abbey 
and  William  had  their  respective  shares.  As  to  St.  Cuthman's 
rights  of  burial  (sepultura)  it  was  decreed  that  they  should 
remain  unimpaired,  and  by  the  king's  command  the  bodies 
which  had  been  buried  at  William's  church  were  dug  up  (defossa) 
by  William's  own  men,  and  transferred' to  St.  Cuthman's  church 
for  lawful  burial,  anil  Herbert  the  dean  restored  the  money 
(denarios)  he  had  received  for  burial,  for  wakes  (wacis),  for 
tolling  the  bells  {signis  sonatis)  and  all  dues  for  the  dead, 
swearing,  by  a  relative  in  his  place,  that  he  had  not  received 
more.  As  to  the  abbey's  land  which  William  had  taken  for 
his  park,  it  was  adjudged  that  the  park  should  be  destroyed, 
and  it  was  destroyed.  So  with  the  warren  he  had  made  on  the 
abbey's  land.      As  to  the  toll  he  took  at  his  bridge  from  the 

»  See  Preface.  ^  Trans.:  "  Valemui." 


38 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP, 


[1086.] 


abbey's  men,  it  was  adjudged  that  it  should  not  be  given,  as 
it  was  never  given  in  the  time  of  king  Edward ;  and,  by  the 
king's  command,  what  had  been  taken  in  toll  was  restored,  the 
tollman  swearing  that  he  had  not  received  more.  As  to  the 
ships  which  ascend  [the  river]  to  the  port  of  St.  Cuthman 
(Steyning)  it  was  adjudged  that  they  should  be  quit  for  two- 
pence, ascending  and  descending,  unless  they  should  make 
another  market  at  William's  castle.  The  road  he  had  made  on 
the  abbey's  land  was  ordered  to  be  destroyed,  and  was  destroyed. 
The  ditch  he  had  made  to  bring  water  to  the  castle  was  ordered 
to  be  filled  up,  and  this  was  done.  As  to  the  marsh,  it  was 
decreed  that  it  should  be  the  abbey's  {quietum)  up  to  the  hill 
and  the  saltpits.  The  eighteen  gardens  were  adjudged  to  the 
abbey.  The  weekly  toll  was  adjudged  to  the  saint  (St. 
Cuthman),  saving  William's  half.  For  all  this  William  placed 
his  gage  {dedit  vadium)  in  the  king's  hand  as  being  at  his  mercy. 
Hii  barones  viderunt  banc  finem :  filii  regis,  WiUelmus  et 
Henricus ;  archiepiscopi  Lanfrancus  et  Thomas  ;  Willelmus 
Dunelniensis,  Walchelinus  Wintoniensis,  (sic)  et  multi  alii. 


1085. 

(Original  in 

possession  of 

M.  Deville. 

Trans.  3. 

[Partial  facsimile.] 

Cartulary,  fo.  7rf.') 


115.  Charter  of  William,  dated  1086.  He  confirms  to  the 
abbey  of  Fecamp  king  Edward's  gift  of  Steyning  (Estaninges) 
with  its  appurtenances  ;  [and]  for  his  own  part  gives  it  gladly 
for  the  weal  of  king  Edward's  soul,  and  of  his  own  and  those 
of  Maud  his  wife  and  of  his  sons,  with  its  rights  and  dues,  sac 
and  soc.  And  if  the  abbey  did  not  hold  that  manor  in  the 
time  of  king  Edward,  yet  he  gives  it,  with  all  that  the  abbey 
held  in  Steyning  in  his  own  time.  Moreover  he  gives  and 
grants  to  the  abbey  the  manor  of  Bury  (Beriminstre) — for 
which  he  offered  a  trial  and  justice  to  abbot  William  and  his 
monks,  and  which  manor  remained  his^ — in  consideration  of 
their  claim  against  him  for  their  possessions  in  Hastings  in 
the  time  of  king  Edward ;  on  the  terms  that  if  that  manor 
is  worth  more  than  the  rents  they  had  lost  at  Hastings,  he 
nevertheless  grants  them  all  that  manor,  with  its  appurtenances, 
rights,  and  dues,  sac  and  soc ;  while  if  it  is  not  worth  so  much 
he  will  give  compensation  to  the  abbey  for  that  amount. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  regis  AngIor[um] ;  Willelmi  comitis  filii 
ejus  ;  Lanfranci  archiepiscopi ;  Alani  comitis ;  Robert!  comitis  de 
Mellent;  Hugonis  de  Monteforth ;  Baldwini  de  Essecestre; 
Hugonis  de  Grentemesnil. 


1085. 

(Original 

[chyrograpli]  iu 

archives. 

Trans.  4.) 


116.  Determination  of  the  suit  between  Gulbert  de  Alfait 
and  the  abbey  of  Fecamp,  in  the  presence,  and  by  the 
precept,  of  William  king  of  the  English  and  prince  of  the 
Normans.  Gulbert  has  quit-claimed  to  the  abbey  certain 
lands  (in  Normandy),  for  which  William  abbot  of  Fecamp  has 
given  him  ten  pounds  and  certain  rights.     He  is  to  serve  the 


'  With  signa  of  king  William  and  Hugh  de  Montfort  only. 
-  Sense  of  the  charter  obscure  here. 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP.  39 


1085. 


abbey  in  its  pleas,  at  Fecamp  or  at  Rouen,  whenever  summoned 
by  the'  abbot  or  the  brethren. 

Ex  parte  regis  fuerunt  judices  et  testes  :  abbas  Sancti  Ebrulfi  ; 
abbas  Sancti  Petri  Dive ;  Rogerius  pincerna ;  Hugo  de  Portu  ; 
Wido  Oillei ;  Ricardus  de  Cotcei ;  Gaufridus  Martellus.  Ex  parte 
Sancte  Trinitatis:  Landbertus  Sancti  Sedani;  Willelmus  dens 
durus;  Willelmus  maleconductus ;  Rodbertus  Maleth  ;  Ivelinus  de 
Amundivilla  ;  Rodbertus  Bortville  ;  Berardus  Salvalonis  filius  ; 
Audoenus  camerarius ;  Hugo  filius  ejus ;  Gaufridus  de  Sedana ; 
Willelmus  filius  Theoderici.  Ex  parte  Gulberti,  Bernardus  de 
Novomercato ;  Vigerius  filius  Ursonis  ;  Radulfus  filius  Odonis ; 
Rictiardus  de  Torcei  et  Eustachius  frater  ejus ;  Bernardus  de 
Belnai ;  Willelmus  de  Tornebu ;  Baldricus ;  Nicholas ;  Emulfus 
de  Villaines ;  Radulfus  filius  Anseredi ;  Rannulfus  vicecomes  ; 
Rodbertus  filius  Ascelini. 


[1088,  7  July.]  117.  Charter  of  Robert  duke  of  Normandy,  dated  July  7, 
(Cartulary,  fo,  I4rf.)  1088.  He  restores  to  the  abbey  of  F6camp  and  William  its 
abbot,  the  lands  of  which  it  has  been  deprived  (specified) 
including  the  land  of  the  burgesses  of  Fecamp  which  his  father 
had,  in  wrath,  taken  from  the  abbey  before  the  day  of  his 
death.  These  lands  he  restores  free  from  exaction  and  all  lay 
dues,  by  the  advice  and  assent  {nwtu)  of  Henry  his  brother 
and  other  his  nobles,  who  sign  the  charter. 

[Signa]  Henrici  comitis,  Roberti  comitis  et  aliorum. 

Afterwards,  Robert  de  Moritania,  son  of  William  de  Bee,  rose 
against  him  and  the  abbot  of  Fecamp,  and  raised  a  castle 
in  the  very  land  he  held  of  the  abbey,  and  withheld  the 
services  due  from  that  land.  The  duke,  with  the  help  of  God 
and  his  lieges,  not  only  conquered  him,  but  destroyed  and  burnt 
his  castle,  and  gave  the  land  to  Goher.  The  abbot,  of  whose  fee 
was  the  land,  hearing  this,  besought  the  duke,  saying  that  the 
land  was  ancient  demesne  of  the  saint,  and  that  the  duke  had 
restored  it  with  the  other  lands  of  the  church  when  he  was 
about  to  cross  (transire  debui)  to  England.  Finding  this  to  be 
true,  and  wishing  tlie  saint  to  enjoy  his  own,  the  duke  came  to 
Fecamp  and  restored  that  land  with  all  else  specified  in  [the] 
other  charter,  and  made  the  gift  by  [placing]  a  stick  {hoc 
ligmwm)  in  the  abbot's  hands,  and  sealed  both  the  charters. 
And  this  he  has  done  lest  anyone  in  future  should  say  that  this 
land  was  not  of  the  saint's  demesne  and  that  the  duke  had  not 
restored  it  to  the  abbey. 

[Signa] :  Roberti ;  Radulfi  comitis.  Ad  hoc  barones  mei  testes 
fuerunt  Goherius;  Robertus  de  Donestanvilla ;  Radulfus  de 
Grainvilla,  et  multi  alii. 

1103  13  Jan.         118.  Settlement  of  the  dispute  between  William,  abbot  of 
(Originalinarchives.  Fecamp  and  Philip  de  Braiose  in  the  presence  of  king  Henry 
Cartulary,  fo.  58.    g^^^j  M.a.\iiA.  his  wife.     (Printed  in  Monasticon  Anghcanum,  VI. 
Trans.  19.)  ^^^^^  ^^^^  ^^^   j^^  ^  g   ^^ 


40 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP. 


[?  1103.]  119.  Writ  [i  of  Henry  I.]  addressed  to  Eanulf  bishop  of 

(Cartulary,  fo.  16.)  Durham,  H[amo]  dapifer  and  Urso  de  Abetot.  The  Holy  Trinity 
of  Fecamp,  its  abbot  and  monks,  are  to  enjoy  all  their  rights  and 
the  dues  of  the  castle  of  Estaningis  and  of  Bedingis  and  their 
parish  [both]  the  living  and  the  dead,  and  the  offering  and  the 
tithe  as  they  proved  their  right  to  all  these  in  his  father's  court 
and  in  his  own,  against  the  monks  of  St.  Florent,  Saumur 
and  against  Philip  son  of  William  de  Braiosa.  And  whatever 
the  said  monks  took  thereof  is  to  be  restored  to  tbem.  They 
are  to  send  Hugh  de  Bocheland  to  execute  this  justice,  and  are  to 
see  that  the  king  hears  no  complaint  for  want  of  right  therein. 
Teste  comite  de  Mellent,  apud  Lindeboram. 


1103. 

(Cartulary, 
fos.  55^  and  56 
[the  latter,  here 
styled  B.,  has 

variants 
noted  helow] .) 


120.  [Notification  that]  in  the  year  1203  (mocco  et  ni°) 
Manasses  Arsic  renewed  his  charter  which  he  had  previously 
given  (fecerat)  to  the  abbey  of  Fecamp,  of  his  substance,  before 
the  lord  William  the  third  abbot,  and  the  monks  and  their  men, 
November  3  (iij°  non.  Novemhrhs)  at  Coges  and  there  then 
granted  his  house  of  Choges  to  make  a  priory  (ecclesia)  and 
the  church  of  that  vill  with  its  land,  and  land  for  two  ploughs, 
and  wood  for  firing  and  for  all  the  needs  of  the  irionks  and  his 
vert  (viridariuTn).  At  Felinghefort  he  gave  the  church  of 
the  vill,  with  its  land,  and  all  the  tithe,  and  two  mills  and  two 
carucates  of  land.  At  Solvintoni  two  [out  of  three]  sheaves  of 
the  tithe  of  his  demesne  ;  at  Nosted  two  [out  of  three]  sheaves 
of  his  "  loredium "  (sic) ;  at  Malpstegam^  two  [out  of  three] 
sheaves  of  the  tithe ;  at  Donested,^  at  Scapaium,  from  Cumbe, 
from  Suendon,  from  Cressenton,*  and  from  Willecote  the 
same ;  at  Teuta  whatever  he  had ;  in  Lindesium,  two  [out 
of  three  tithe]  sheaves  from  Tostes,  from  Ousberia,^  and  from 
Felingheham.^  He  also  gave  the  tithes  of  all  his  revenues 
(denarii),  of  the  foals  of  his  mares,  of  calves,  of  sheep,  of 
cheeses,  of  wool,  and  the  tithes  of  all  his  substance  and  of  all 
his  men  of  the  said  vills.  And  be  gave  fifty  acres  of  meadow 
at  Choges,'  and  granted  the  meadow  of  William  de  Willecote. 
All  this  he  gave  with  the  consent  of  his  wife  and  sons,^ 

Testes  horuin  ex  parte  Sanete  Trinitatis  ;  Willermus  mains 
conductus ;  Ingerannus;  Radulfus  filius  Anschetilli,  et  alii. 
Ex  parte  Manasse :  Willeliuus  de  Becco ;  Robertus  de  Condedo  ; 
Kobertus  de  Bundavilla,  et  Serlo  de  Hadunna. 

In  the  year  after  this  1107^  (Mocoviio),  Manasses  Arsic  and 
his  wife  came  to  Fecamp  and  gave  the  abbey  the  church  of 
Solviton"  and  the  whole  tithe  of  the  vill,  and  the  land  of 
William  the  priest  there.^^ 


2  B.  "  Mapedescam.''  "  B.  "  Donestella." 

Orisberia."       ^  B.  "  Olnigehara."      '  B.  "  Cogas." 


et     confirmatione     Regis     Henrici   illustrissimi 


'  B.  "  Summertoiie." 

*  B.  "  Carsiuton."        *  B. 

"  B.    adds    "  sub    testimonio 
Anglorum  principis." 

"  B.  "  anno  post  hoc  stptimo."  '"  B.  "  Summerton.'" 

"  B.  omits  the  above  witnesses,  but  adds  at  (he  close  a  confirmation  charter  of 
Alexander  Arsic — "  Testibus  hiis  :  Roberto  puero  ;  Willelmo  Arsic ;  Willelmo  de 
"  Malevilla;  Willelmo  Durescu ;  Henrico  de  Wifelicote  ;  Henrico  de  Bella  aqua; 
"  Galfrido  de  ITrunteboia,  et  multi  alii." 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP.  41 


lllfl,  5  July.        121.  Fragment  apparently  belonging  to  some    charter  not 
(Cartulary,  fo.  16.)  otherwise  noticed  : — 

Hec  omnia  Henricus  gratia  dei  rex  Anglorum  et  princeps 
Normannorum  concedo  et  crucis  Obristi  caractere  confirmo  ac 
sigilli  mei  impressione  corroboro.  Ad  hoc  fuerunt  barones : 
Robertas  episcopus  Lincolie ;  Regnaldus  (sicy  cancellarius,  et 
multi  alii.  Hoc  actum  est  apud  Stanfort  iij°  Non.  Julii  M^cxo 
anno  ab  incarnatione  domini.'* 

1130-1131.         122.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  generally.     The  tithes  of 

(Original  in  archives,  his  forest  of  Fecamp  which  his  huntsmen  were  wrongly  with- 

"Cartiiiary         holding,  On  his  [beasts  of  the]  chasej  from   Roger  abbot   of 

fo.  i5d  [first  two    Fecamp  and  his  proctors  have  been  adjudged  to  him  in  the 

witnesses  only].)    presence  of  the  king  and  his  barons.      Henceforth,  therefore, 

the  abbey  of  Fecamp  is  to  enjoy  all  the  tithes  of  his  forest  of 

Fecamp  in  [beasts  of]  the  chase  and  all  else.      And,  for  the 

weal  of  his  own  and  his  predecessor's  souls,  the  king  grants, 

with   all   the   tithes,   all   the   churches   which  shall    be   built 

in  his  said  forest,    and   their  offerings,   should    any  churches 

be    built  there ;  and,  as  the  abbey  is   wholly  founded    on  his 

own  and   his  predecessors'   patrimony,  he  grants  that  it  shall 

henceforth  hcild  these   and  all  possessions  without  disturbance 

or   diminution    by  secular    justice   as    part    of    his   demesne 

fisc. 

Testibus  :  Hugone  arohiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  Audino 
episcopo  Ebroicensi ;  Johanne  Lexoviensi,  Johanne  Sagiensi 
[episcopis] ;  Roberto  de  sigillo,^  Nigello  nepote  episcopi ; 
R[oberto]  comite  Gloecestrie;  W[illelmo]  comite  Warenne; 
W[aleranno]  comite  de  Metl[ent] ;  B[riennio]  filio  comitis ; 
R[oberto]  de  Haia,  H[ugone]  Bigot ;  W[illelmo]  Martel ; 
Ricardo  filio  Ursi ;  Willelmo  Malgd' ;  Willelmo  de  Hastingis ; 
Anselmo  de  Frehelvilla;  Gaufrido  de  Culven-illa  * ;  W.  de 
sancto  Martino  ;  G.  de  Sancto  Ligerio.      Apud  Rothoinagum. 

[1130-1181.]       123.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  generally.     He  and  the 

(Original  in  archives,  abbot  of  F^camp  and  Henry  count  of  Eu  have  made  a  fine 

Cartu]ary°o/F6camp  ^^^  concord  Concerning  the  claim  of  toll  for  stalls  {trusselle) 

[first  witness  only]  and  the  pontage  of  Winchelsea  {Winchenesel),^  which  the  count 

fo.  id.f  claimed  against  the  abbot,  as  follows  :     He  (the  king)  and  the 

count  will  have  half  the  toll   for  stalls  and  the  pontage  and 

the  abbot  the  other  half  ;  and  this   division  shall  apply  to  all 

ships   which   put  in   there,  with   the  sole  exception  of  ships 

belonging  to  men  resident  in  Hastings  {Haatengis),  which  may 

'  ?Banulfus. 

^  It  is  clear  from  the  foundation  charter  of  Coggs  Priory,  as  printed  in  the 
Monasticon  from  the  Carta  Antiques,  that  this  is  the  "  confirmatio  regis  Henrici," 
spoken  of  in  the  B.  text  of  that  charter,  the  "  anno  post  hoc  septimo  "  of  which 
corresponds  exactly  with  the  date  of  1110  here  given.  It  is  therefore  the  1 107  of 
the  A.  text  that  must  be  wrong. 

''  Trans.  :  "  Sigei."        *  Trans  :  "  Euluervilla."         *  "  Winchel "  in  Cartulary. 

^  "  Abbas  de  Fiscampo  debet  Ix.  marcas  argenti  pro  medietate  thelonei  navium 
de  Winchelsea."     Eot.  Pip.  31  Hen.  I.,  p.  71. 


42  ABBEY  OF  F:fiCAMP. 

[1130-1181.J 

be  driven  to  put  in  there  by  storms.  AH  the  other  dues  of  the 
vill  are  to  be  enjoyed  by  the  abbot.  The  king,  the  abbot  and 
convent,  and  the  count  have  made  this  concord  and  fine  in  the 
presence  and  hearing  of  the  following : — 

Hugonis  archiepiscopi  Rothomagensis ;  Audini  episcopi  Ebroi- 
censis,  Johannis  [episcopi]  Lexoviensis ;  Johannis  [episcopi] 
Sagiensis;  Roberti  de  sigillo^;  Nigelli  nepotis  episcopi; 
R[oberti]  comitis  Gloecestrie ;  W[illelmi]  comitis  Warenne ; 
"W[aleranni]  comitis  de  Metl[ent] ;  B[riennii]  filii  comitis ; 
R[oberti]  de  Haia;  H[ugonis]  Bigot;  W[ilielmi]  Martel[li]; 
Ricardi  filii  Ursi  ;  Willelmi  Malcuind' ;  Willelmi  de  Hastingis, 
et  Anselmi  de  Frehelvilla,  et  Gaufridi  do  Calv[er]villa ;  W.  de 
Sancto  Martino ;  G.  de  Sancto  Ligerio.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

[jpaulo  ante  124.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  generally.     He  notifies 

1134.]  that,  by  his  permission  and  consent,  Roger,  abbot  of  Fecamp 

(Original  in  archives,  (c^g  Fiscanno)  smd  his  chapter  have  made  an  exchange  with  Nigel 

CartaiOTy!'fo^20(i.    ^^^  '^^  William,  nephew  (nepos)  of  Robert  earl  of  Gloucester,  his 

[first  two  witnesses   son  :  namely,  Nigel  has  granted  to  the  abbot  and  chapter  all  the 

only].)  land,  horses,  and  rents  at   Fecamp  held  by  his  grandfather,  his 

father,  and  himself,  and  has  quit-claimed  them  to  the  abbot 

and   chapter  for  their  own  support,    for  ever,    together    with 

all  the  land  he  held    at  Boleram^  (?Beaurain)    or  within  the 

leucate  of  Fecamp.      For  this,  the  abbot  and  chapter  have  given 

and  granted  him  all  their  land,  tenants,  and  rents  at  Laleham 

(Lelham)  on  the  terms  that  Nigel  and  his  heirs  shall  be  the 

abbot's  tenants  and  liegemen  (fideles)  for  that  land  of  Laleham 

as  they  had  been  for  the  land  of  Fecamp.     This  the  king  grants 

and  confirms. 

Testibus  hiis  subscriptis :  Rogero  episcopo  Salesberie ; 
Gaufrido  cancellario ;  Nigello  nepote  episcopi  Salesberie ;  Rogero 
capellano  meo,  nepote  abbatis  Fiscanni ;  Roberto  comite  Gloe- 
cestrie filio  meo ;  Roberto  de  Ver  conestabulo ;  Briencio  filio 
comitis ;  Willelmo  de  Ponte  Archarum ;  Willelmo  Martello ; 
Ricardo  filio  Ursi ;  Roberto  Ghernet ;  Gaufrido  de  Maisnillo ; 
Engelramno  dapifero  abbatis ;  Simone  de  Curci ;  "Willelmo 
palefrido  ;  Osberto  Octodenar[io] ;  Roberto  Lamartra.^ 

[1140-1189.]  125.  Charter  of  Henry  abbot  of  Fecamp  and  the  whole 
(Cartulary,  to.  a4.)  convent.  They  release  to  their  men  of  Rie  and  their  heirs 
for  ever  ledtschet,  childwite  feld,  and  the  due  on  the  sale 
of  houses,  on  condition  that,  for  this  release,  the  men  of 
Rie  shall  render  to  the  abbey  of  Fecamp  and  the  abbot  every 
year  two  marcs  (marchas)  and  a  half  assigned  in  fixed  rents  in 
the  town  of  Rie.  If  the  rents  are  in  default,  the  men  in 
common  shall  make  the  payment,  or  the  abbej''  and  abbot  shall 
revert  to  the  above  dues.  The  men  who  have  been  present  have 
made   oath  to  the  abbot  and  will  make  those  who   are  not 

'  Trans.  ;  "  Siggi."  ^  Sic  also  in  both  Cartularies. 

'■'  This  charter,  with  all  its  witnesses,  is  also  found  on  fo.  1  of  a  Cartulary  of 
Fecamp,  preserved  in  the  archives. 


ABBEY  OP  FECAMP. 


43 


[1140-1189.] 


present  swear,  for  themselves  and  their  heii's,  when  they  return. 
And  they  will  swear  that  they  will  cause  the  abbot  to  have  his 
shares  (saras)  and  all  other  his  rights  so  far  as  they  can,  and 
will  suffer  no  one  dwelling  in  the  town  to  fish  unless  he  shall 
give  shares  as  follows.  From  all  fishing,  whoever  is  engaged  in 
it,  these  shares  shall  be  rendered  :  from  all  ships  of  26  oars 
they  shall  give  two  and  a  half  shares ;  from  ships  of  22  or  20, 
two;  from  ships  of  18  or  16,  one  and  a  half;  from  ships  of  14 
or  12  or  10,  one ;  and  from  all  with  fewer  oars  a  whole  share, 
however  few  may  row  in  them, — except  those  called  heccheres, 
which  shall  pay  as  follows :  If  eight  men  row  in  them,  or  9,  or 
10,  or  11,  or  12,  one  share.  If  there  be  fewer  than  8,  they  shall 
give  half  a  one,  however  fe;w  they  be. 

Testibus  hiis :  Johanne  priore,  Roberto  panetario,  et  multis 
aliis. 


[1144-1150.]  126.  Charter  of  Geoffrey  duke  of  Normandy  and  Henry  his 
(Cartulary,  fo.  13.)  son  addressed  to  H[ugh]  the  archbishop  and  all  their  officers  of 
Normandy.  They  grant  to  Henry  abbot  of  Fecamp  and  the 
abbey  all  its  dues  and  privileges,  in  churches,  lands,  waters, 
ports,  woods,  pleas,  and  all  else,  according  to  Richard's  charter, 
and  in  tithes.  Count  Richard's  penalty  will  be  enforced  for 
infringement. 

Testibus  :     Philippo  episcopo    Baioc[ensi] ;  Ricardo  episcopo 
Abrinc[ensi]  et  aliis.     Data  carta  ista  apud  Rothomagum. 


[1152-4.] 

(Original  in 

archives. 
Trans.  119.) 


127.  Writ  of  Henry,  duke  of  Normandy  and  Aquitaine  and 
count  of.  Anjou,  addressed  to  all  those  who  till  land  in  the 
forest  of  Fecamp.  It  has  been  determined  (consideratum)  in 
his  court  that  the  abbot  of  Fecamp  should  receive  tithe  from  the 
land  of  the  forest  of  Fecamp,  as  he  has  had  previously  from 
pannage  and  from  beasts  (feris).  They  are  therefore  to  pay  it 
him  in  full,  and  should  they  not,  Robert  de  Novoburgo  is  to 
make  them  do  so. 

Teste  Arnulfo  episcopo  Lexoviensi  apud  Rothomagum. 


[1150-1155.] 

(Original  in 

archives. 
Trans.  321.) 


128.  Letter  of  Theobald  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  primate 
of  England,  legate  of  the  apostolic  see,  to  Henry  abbot  of 
Fecamp.  He  has  constantly  received  complaints  from  the 
brethren  of  the  monastery,  which  is  under  the  special  protection 
of  the  Holy  Roman  ^Church,  that  Henry  has  scattered  and 
damaged  the  possessions  of  the  monastery,  over  which  he 
ought  jealously  to  watch,  by  granting  them  to  robbers  and 
plunderers,  during  the  war  that  they  have  suffered  from,  to  the 
loss  of  the  said  brethren.  As  legate,  it  is  his  duty  to  support  a 
monastery  thus  dependent  on  the  Holy  Roman  Church.  He 
therefore  enjoins  on  Henry,  by  his  apostolical  and  his  own 
authority,  to  revoke,  with  anxious  care,  the  [grants  of]  goods 
and  possessions  of  the  monastery  which  he  has  unjustifiably 
made.  As  to  those  who,  by  his  grant  or  by  their  own 
usurpation,   have  laid  hands  on   the   monastery's   possessions. 


44 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP, 


[1150-1155.] 


from  the  death  of  the  illustrious  king  Henry  [I.]  down  to  these 
times  in  which  [the]  Holy  Church  seems  to  breathe  again,  they 
are  to  abandon  them  to  the  monastei-y,  wherever  they  may  be, 
or  he  will  do  justice  on  them. 


[1154-5.]  129.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He   con- 

(Originalin      firms,   for   the  weal  of  his  soul   and  his  predecessors,  to  his 
Trans  'i2i         kinsman  Henry  abbot  of  Fecamp  and  the  church  of  Fecamp  all 
Cartulary  [no      the   lands  in    England    which   king   William   his   predecessor 
witnesses],  fo- 4.)  granted  it,  namely,  Staninges  and  Bereministra  with  all  appur- 
tenances, dues,  liberties,  and  quittances  as  witnessed  by  king 
William's  charter.     They  are  to  hold  free  from  all  subjection 
and  domination    by  barons,  princes,  and   all  others,   and  un- 
disturbed by  any  secular  or  judicial  authority,  as  possessing 
Crown  demesne  (fiscum  doTninicum).     And  as  he  has  carefully 
inspected  the  charters  of  king  William  and  his  other   prede- 
cessors, he  again  insists  that  the  monks  of  Fecamp  and  their 
men  are  not  to  answer  [any  plea]  concerning  any  holding  of 
theirs  or  anything  else  except  before  him  or  his  chief  justice, 
and  are  to  enjoy  all  their  other  rights. 

Testibus  :  Philippo  Baiocensi  episcopo  ;  Heraulfo  Lexoviensi 
episcopo ;  Kicardo  episcopo  Londoniensi ;  Willelmo  fratre 
regis ;  Thoma  cancellario ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario ; 
Guarino  lilio  Ger[oldi]  cam[erario] ;  Mana[ssero]  Biset  dapifero  ; 
Roberto  de  Novoburgo  ;  R[oberto]  de  Dunestanvilla ;  Joc[elino] 
de  Baillol ;  Nicolao  de  Stutevilla.     Apud  Westmonasterium. 


[1154-5.] 

(Original  in 

archives. 

Trans.  107. 

Cartulary 

[no  witnesses] , 

fo.  3d.) 


130.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
to  Henry  abbot  of  Fecamp,  his  kinsman,  and  to  the  church  of 
Fecamp  all  its  possessions  and  rights  in  England  and  Normandy 
as  the  charter  of  Richard  duke  of  the  Normans,  his  predecessor, 
and  the  charters  of  king  Edward,  king  William,  and  his  grand- 
father king  Henry  witness  and  confirm.  Should  anyone  infringe 
its  rights  he  will  renew  the  fine  appointed  by  count  Richard 
[of  Normandy],  namely  100  pounds  of  gold. 

Testibus :  Amulfo  Lexoviensi,  Philippo  Baiocensi,  et  Ricardo 
Lundonensi,  episcopis ;  Willelmo  fratre  regis ;  Thoma  cincel- 
lario ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto ;  Garino  filio  Geroldi ;  IManisse.s 
Biset;  Rodberto  de  Novoburgo;  Rodberto  de  Dunstanvilla ; 
Jocelino  de  Baill[olio];  Nicholao  de  Stutevilla.  Apud' 
Westmonas  terium . 


[1155-8.] 

(Original  in 

archives. 

Trans.  120. 

Cartulary,  fo.  8.) 


131.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  justices  and  bailiffs 
of  Normandy  and  J[ohn]  couiit  of  Eu  (Augi)  and  earl  Walter 
Giffard.  The  church  of  Fecamp  is  to  be  seised  without  delay 
of  all  the  land  [specified]  which  Nicolas  de  Cruel  gave  it  on 
the  day  when  he  joined  (se  reddidit  ad)  it,  as  he  was  seised  of 
it  on  that  day,  and  as  the  abbot  and  monks  can  prove  their 
right  to  it  by  the  abbot  of  Bordesleia  and  by  William  Malnevod 
and  by  their  other  witnesses.  They  are  to  hold  all  that  land 
saving  his  right  and  that  of  the  lords  of  that  land,     And  unless 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP. 


45 


[1155-8.] 


[1156-1159.] 

(Cartulary,  to.  7.) 


this  is  done,  his  lady  and  mother  the  Empress  will  cause  it  to 
he  done. 

Teste  War[ino]  filio  Ger[oldi]  cam[erario],  apud  Niweham, 
per  Willelmum  de  Haia. 

132.  Charter  of  Henry  II  addressed  to  all  his  officers  of 
Normandy.  He  confirms  to  Henry  abbot  of  Fecamp  and  the 
abbey  the  port  of  Fecamp,  as  he  [the  abbot]  proved  his  right 
to  it  {disraoionavit)  in  the  court  of  his  [the  king's]  fiither  and 
afterwai-ds  in  his  [the  king's]  court  before  Phili|i  bishop  of 
BayeuK  and  Robert  de  Novo  Burgo  at  Rouen,  against  the 
burgesses  of  Fecamp  who  claimed  [the]  dues  in  that  port  as 
against  him. 

T[estibus] :  T[oma]  cancellario ;  Roberto  de  Novo  Burgo,  et 
multis  aliis. 


[1156-1162.]  133.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  6.)  Roueu  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.  He  grants  that  all 
who  shall  come  to  the  judgment  court  (judicium)  of  the  Holy 
Trinity  of  Fecamp  from  Palm  Sunday  to  the  close  of  Pentecost 
shall  enjoy  his  peace  and  guardianship,  that  they  may  go  and 
return  securely  throughout  his  land,  of  whatever  land  they  be, 
unless  they  are  fugitive  from  his  land  for  murder  or  theft  or 
any  other  crime. 

T[estibus]  Rotrodo  Ebroicensi  episcopo ;  Raginaldo  de  Sancto 
Valerico ;  Ricardo  de  Luci ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto,  constabulario ; 
Godardo  de  Wallibus.  Per  manum  Stephani  capellani,  apud 
Lexo'vium. 


[1161-1162.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  5.) 


134.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.  For  the  weal  of  his 
soul  and  those  of  his  relatives  and  for  the  honour  of  the  counts 
(sic)  Richard  his  predecessors,  he  gives  certain  lands  [in 
Normandy,  specified]  to  the  abbey  of  Fecamp  and  abbot  Henry 
his  kinsman,  as  recognition  was  made  [of  the  boundaries]  before 
his  justice  by  the  oaths  of  his  foresters  and  other  his  lawful 
men. 

T[estibus]  :  Henrico  car[dinale];  R[otrodo]  Ebr[oicensi], 
Am[ulfo]  Lex[oviensi],  P[hilippo]  Baio[censi],  A[chardo] 
Abrinc[ensi]  episcopis;  Raginaldo  de  Sancto  Walerico,  et 
multis  aliis. 


(^Inspeximus  in 

archives. 
Trans.  122.) 


135.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  to  the  abbey  of  Fecamp. 
See  Cartas  Antiquse.  S.  2.     (Public  Record  Office.) 


[1170-1181.J  136.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Medlent.  In  accordance 
(Cartulary,  fo.  10.)  with  the  faith  and  devotion  of  his  predecessors,  namely, 
his  father  Waleran  and  others,  he  gives  Henry  abbot  of 
Fdcamp  and  the  whole  convent  and  their  successors  free  passage 
for  their  ships  and  boats,  through  all  his  land,  when  carrying 
their  own  property,  quit  of  all  dues  appertaining  to  his  fief  at 


46 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP. 


[?  1174,  June.] 
(Cartulai'y,  fo.  15d.) 


[1170-1181. J 

Meulan  (Medlent),  namely,  and  Mantes  (Medonta),  because 
the  abbey  has  always  enjoyed,  and  ought  to  enjoy  this  privilege. 
He  prays  therefore  his  lord  the  king  of  the  French  and  all 
those  who  see  this  charter,  not  to  let  the  abbey's  ships  or  boats 
be  vexed  in  any  way  for  toll  or  due  within  his  fief. 

Test[ibus] :  Henrico  rege  regis  Henrici  filio ;  Willermo 
lemarescal;  Symone  de  Marisco,  et  multis  aliis. 

137.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  justices  of  Normandy. 
He  directs  that  as  it  is  found  (recognitum)  that  he  ought  to 
have  one  packhorse  for  the  army  from  the  men  of  the  merchant 
Gild  of  Fecamp,  with  all  its  equipment  and  belongings,  and  that 
the  said  (ipsi)  men  ought  to  have  their  marketing  (mercaturam) 
by  land  and  by  sea,  especially  in  mackerel  (makerello),  this  is 
to  be  observed,  as  it  is  found,  and  [as  it  is]  written  on  his  roll. 

Teste  Osberto  de  camera,  apud  Bonam  villam  super  Tolcham. 

1180,  24  April.  138.  Notification  by  Sanson  abbot  of  St.  Ouen,  Rouen,  and 
(Cartulary,  [the]  prior  of  St.  Lo  (Sanoti  Laudi)  that  the  dispute  between 
fo.  34  bis  d.)  ^jjgjj,  worshipful  brother  [Henry],  abbot  of  Fecamp  and  Symon 
the  priest  concerning  the  church  of  Estrutart,  referred  to  them 
by  pope  L[ucius]  III.  has  been  thus  settled  in  the  presence  of 
Henry  king  of  England  and  themselves.  Symon  has  renounced 
all  claim  against  the  abbot  to  any  right  in  that  church  and  has 
sworn  to  vex  the  abbey  no  longer  in  the  matter.  And  the 
abbot  of  F6camp,  in  pity  of  his  poverty  and  in  consideration  of 
his  toil  and  expense  in  thrice  journeying  to  the  pope  {Romanum, 
vontificem),  has  given  him,  at  the  king's  entreaty,  10  pounds 
of  Anjou,  in  pity,  and  has  assigned  him  15  pounds  of  that  money 
in  his  mills  of  Witeflo  on  the  sea,  to  be  received  annually,  until 
a  church  of  the  same  value  or  more,  up  to  20  or  30  pounds, 
belonging  to  the  church  of  Fecamp  shall  fall  vacant,  which  shall 
be  assigned,  at  his  will,  to  the  said  clerk.  If  the  mills  are 
destroyed  or  fall  in  value,  the  15  pounds  are  to  be  assigned  to 
him  in  some  other  suitable  place.  The  millers  are  to  give  sworn 
security  for  the  annual  payment  of  the  15  pounds,  5  pounds 
every  four  months. 

Hoc  autem  actum  est  apud  Rothomagum  anno 

MOCOLXXXO  mense  Aprilis  in  crastino  festi  Sancti  Georgii, 
presentibus  illustrissimo  [rege]  Anglorum  Henrico,  Johanne 
Ebroicensi  episcopo,  et  multis  aliis. 

[1185-1189.]        139.  Charter   of   Henry   II.    corresponding    precisely   with 
(Cartulary,  fo.  7.)   No.  43  [Rouen  cartulary,  fo.  65]. 

T[estibus]:  H[ugone]  Dunhelmensi  episcopo;  Roberto  filio 
Willelmi  archidiacono  Notingeh[ami],  et  aliis  multis. 

1186.  140.  Notification  that  an  agreement  was  made  at  Rouen 

(Cartulary,  8id.)    before  William  son  of  Ralf,  senescal  of  Normandy,  and  Robert  de 

Hairecurt  between  Henry  abbot  of  Fecamp  and  Helyas  son  of 

Bernard  by,  which  Helyas  grants  the  abbot  easement  of  his 


ABBEY  OF  FifiCAMP.  47 


1186. 

pasture  at  Suntinges  and  of  the  water  of  his  well  and  of  the 
purpresture  which  the  abbot's  shepherd  (bercarius)  made  on 
Helyas,  for  the  men  and  the  flocks  of  the  abbot  and  his  men,  as 
he  had  previous  granted  for  a  term  of  years  (aliquot  annos) 
for  10  marcs  which  the  abbot  has  lent  (accomodavit)  him.  For 
this  grant  the  abbot  has  quitclaimed  the  10  marcs  previously 
lent  to  Helyas,  and  has  lent  him  another  10  for  five  years  from 
Easter  1186,  on  condition  that  at  the  end  of  the  five  years 
Helyas,  or  his  heir,  shall  repay  that  sum,  or,  if  he  does  not,  the 
abbot  or  abbey  shall  enjoy  that  easement  from  year  to  year 
until  the  money  is  repaid.  And  if  Helyas  repays  it  at  the  end 
of  the  terra,  he  shall  receive  the  easement. 

Testibus  hiis :  Radulfo  filio  Bernardi ;  Johanne  Haringot ; 
Henrico  de  Sechevilla,  et  aliis  multis. 

[1195,  28  Jan.]  141.  Notification  by  A[lgar]  abbot  of  Faveresham  and 
(Cartulary,  G[eofirey]  prior  of  Christchurch,  Canterbury,  that  the  dispute 
fo.  33  bis.)  between  the  prior  and  monks  of  Cog[es]  and  Helto  parson  of 
the  church  of  Mapeldurescamp  concerning  certain  tithes,  namely 
two  [out  of  three  tithe]  sheaves  of  the  demesne  of  William  de 
Oiretune,  which  he  holds  in  the  vill  of  Mapeldurescamp  of  the 
fee  of  Alexander  ArsiC= — has  been  argued  before  them  by 
command  of  the  pope,  and  thus  settled :  Helto  has  admitted 
before  them  that  those  tithes  belong  to  the  Priory  (ecclesice)  of 
Cog[es]  and  has  surrendered  them  into  their  hands.  They,  by 
the  pope's  authority,  have  restored  them  to  the  prior  of  Coges. 
And  the  prior,  at  their  entreaty  has  granted  them  to  Helto  for 
life,  to  be  held  of  the  priory  for  an  annual  pension  of  two 
shillings,  to  be  paid  at  Tunestalle,  within  the  octave  of 
Michaelmas,  to  the  prior  of  Coges  or  his  assignee.  Helto  has 
pledged  his  faith,  in  their  presence,  to  the  prior  and  monks,  for 
so  holding  the  tithes. 

Hiis  testibus  ;  Ricardo  priore  de  E'avresham ;  Roberto  cantore 
Caht[uarensi],  et  multis  aliis.  In  ecclesia  Sancti  Johannis 
Baptiste  de  Bleno  die  tercio  post  festum  conversionis  sancti 
Pauli  proximum  post  adventum  Ricardi  regis  de  Alemannia  in 
Anglia. 

1195, 8  April.       142.  Notification     that   a   certain    concord    was  made   at 
(Original  in  archives.  Estaninges  between  the   abbot  of   Fecamp  (Fiscannensis)  and 
Cartu^  fo  ^57 )    John  de  Tresgoz,  concerning  certain  disputes  between  them  as 
follows : — 

In  the  year  1164,  in  the  reign  of  the  glorious  king  of  the 
English,  Henry  the  second,  this  concord  was  made  by  direction 
of  the  king  and  by  the  advice  of  friends  on  both  sides.  The 
abbot  and  convent  of  F6camp  claimed  a  quarter  of  the  wood 
called  Dureshurst,  in  land,  and  trees,  and  pannage,  and  pasture, 
and  all  rents  and  profits  issuing  from  that  wood  or  land ;  they 
also  claimed  half  the  wood  of  Perregate,  and  part  of  the  wood 
of  Brunnesburi  of  which  the  said  John  was  depriving  the 
abbey.     And  John  claimed  a  part  of  the  holding  which  was 


48 

1195. 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP. 


held  by  Norman  a  villein  of  the  abbot.  John  recognised  the 
right  of  the  abbey  to  a  quarter  of  the  wood  and  land  of 
Dureshurst,  to  be  held  by  the  king  in  chief  freely  and  peaceably, 
so  that  he  was  not  to  take  a  tree  or  anything  in  that  wood 
without  the  view  and  assent  of  the  abbot's  servant,  while  the 
abbot  was  to  have  one  tree,  when  John  had  three  [but]  not 
without  the  view  of  John's  servants.  The  abbot  and  cnnvent 
were  to  hold  freely  half  the  wood  of  Perregate,  and  the  tene- 
ment of  Norman  was  to  be  theirs  without  dispute,  as  bounded 
by  Noramn's  ditch.  John  was  to  enjoy  freely  that  part  of  the 
wood  of  Brunnesburi  which  the  abbot  claimed  against  him. 
That  this  might  hold  good,  John  pledged  his  faith  {affidavit)  in 
good  faith,  and  Hemeric  de  Cuella  did  the  same  on  behalf  of 
the  abbot ;  and  to  make  this  [agreement]  more  stable  and 
lasting,  John  became  a  brother  of  the  abbey,  and  the  abbot  gave 
him  fifteen  marcs  of  silver  of  the  abbey's  charity. 

Ex  parte  abbatis,  testes  sunt :  Radulfus  et  Ricardns  et 
Hubertus  monachi ;  magister  Durandus' ;  Alvredus ;  Paganus 
clericus  ;  Philippus  filius  Gervasii  ;  Johannes  presbiter ; 
Robertus  Salvagius ;  Willelmus  de  Lancinges;  Hemericus  de 
Cuella;  Ricardus  de  Hamelehurst;  Robertus  de  Lithe.  Ex 
parte  vero  Johaimis,  Anfridus  (de)  Feringes ;  Simon  Conies ; 
Hugo  Buci ;  Simon  de  Hanvelde. 

But,  afterwards,  on  abbot  Henry  dying,  and  Ralf  de 
Argenciis  succeeding  him  as  abbot  of  Fecamp,  and  John  de 
Tresgoz  dying  and  being  succeeded  by  his  son  John,  ;i  dispute 
arose  between  abbot  Ralf  and  John,  son  of  John,  because  the 
latter  was  depriving  the  abbej',  against  his  father's  charter,  of 
its  rights  in  Dureshurst.  Thereupon  the  abbot  and  convent 
claimed  their  former  rights  there.  John,  admitting  the  truth 
of  their  claim,  and  constrained  by  the  king's  orders  and  his 
friends'  advice,  restored  to  the  abbey  what  he  had  wrongfully 
taken,  his  men  pledging  their  faith.  And  that  all  dispute 
between  the  abbey  and  John  and  his  heirs  miglit  be  set  at  rest 
for  ever,  abbot  Ralf  and  the  convent,  and  John,  with  the  assent 
and  by  the  wish  of  his  brothers  Henry  and  Thomas  and  his 
other  friends,  had  Dureshurst  divided  into  four  quarters,  so 
that  the  quarter  adjoining  Tuddestrode  remained  to  be  held 
for  ever  of  the  king  by  the  abbot  and  monks  of  Fdcamp,  and 
the  other  three  by  John  ;  and  John  quit-claimed  to  the  abbot 
and  monks  for  ever  all  the  right  that  he  and  his  heirs  mi»ht 
have  in  that  quarter.  John  de  Tresgoz  and  Philip  his  uncle 
have  pledged  their  faith  to  the  faithful  observance  of  this 
agreement ;  and  so  have  Peter  de  Gatewike  and  William  de 
Sceldune  on  the  part  of  the  abbot.  And,  for  this  confirmation, 
abbot  Ralf  and  the  convent  have  given  John  a  hundred  shillings 
sterling  of  the  abbey's  charity,  by  Michael  its  monk  and 
proctor. 

That  this  confirmation  may  be  permanent  John  de  Tresgoz 
declares  that  with  the  assent  and  by  the  wish  of  his  brothers 

1  The  next  nine  witnesses  omitted  in  Cartulary. 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP.  49 


1195. 

Henry  and  Thomas  and  other  his  friends,  he  has  put  his  seal 
to  it  and  invokes  the  wrath  of  Almighty  God  on  anyone  who 
may  impugn  it. 

Testes  horum  ex  parte  abbatis :  Michael  de  Argenciis 
monachus  ;  Petrus  de  Gatewike ;  Thomas  filius  ejus^ ;  Kobertus 
Salvagius  ;  Willelmus  de  Eccled'  ;  Philippus  de  Belewe ; 
Robertus  de  Leies;  Philippus  de  Quelle;  Adam  de  Brunnes- 
buri ;  Johannes  de  Wikeolte ;  Alardus  et  Ricardus  de  Wes- 
libartune ;  Mauritib  de  Bi're ;  Willelmo  de  Litha ;  Hunfrido 
et  Hugone  de  Argenciis.  Ex  parte  Johannis :  Henricus  et 
Thomas  fratres  sui ;  Philippus  de  Tresgoz ;  Alard  Fleming ; 
Simon  Comes ;  Willelmus  de  Wistenestune ;  Walterus  de 
Tresgoz ;  Albredus  de  Coham,  et  Johannes  filius  suus ;  Adam 
Farcurteis ;  Baldewinus  de  Perham,  et  alii  multi.  Hoc  autem 
factum  est  apud  Sorham  anno  secundo  post  reditum  regis 
Ricardi  de  Alemannia,  vi.  idus  Aprilis. 

1195-6.  143.  Notification   by   A[]gar]   abbot    of     Faveresham    and 

(Original  in  archives.  G[eoffrey]  prior  of  Christchurch  [Canterbury]  that  the  dispute 

Carhilary         between  the  abbot  and  monks  of  Coges  and  Jordan  de  Ros, 

fo.  32  bis  d.)       concerning   two-thirds   of    all  the   tithes    of   the   demesne   of 

Geoffrey  de  Ros  which  he  holds  in  the  vill  of  Fervingeham, 

of  the  fee  of  Alexander  Arsic,  has,  by  command  of  the  pope, 

been  thus  settled  before  them.     Jordan  has  admitted  (recog- 

novit)  those   tithes  to  be  the  right  of  the  church  of  Cogges, 

while  the  prior  has  granted  them  to  Jordan  to  be  held  of  the 

church  of  Cogges  for  his  life,  at  the  annual  pension  of  two 

shillings   to  be  paid  the  prior  or  his  assignee   at  Tuenstalle 

within  the  octaves  of  Michaelmas.      In  consideration  of   this 

grant,  Jordan  has  done  fealty  to  the  prior  and  church  of  Cogges 

for  these  tithes,  in  their  presence. 

Testibus :  Moyse  quondam  priore  de  Coventry ;  Johanne  de 
Cantuaria^;  Andrea  capellano  prioris  de  Cantuaria  ;  Thoma  de 
Garewike ;  Roberto  de  Lees  ;  Thoma  de  Nadegar[io] ;  magistro 
Helia  de  Rie ;   Magistro  Waltero  de    Kilendone ;    Ricardo   de 

Cogg[es] ;  Ricardo  de et  multis  aliis,  in  ecclesia 

beati   Johannis   Baptiste   de   Bleno,    die    lune    proxima   post 

dominicam  qua  cantatur ,  post  mortem  Hugonis 

pie  memorie  Dunelmensis  episcopi. 

[?  1197.]  144.  Notification  by  Gplbert]  bishop  of  Rochester,  W[illiam] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  26rf.)  abbot  of  Westminster,  and  W[alter]  abbot  of  Waltham   that 
they  have  received  the  pope's  mandate  as  follows  : — 

1197,  1  June.  Mandate  of  pope  Celestine  [III.]  addressed  to  the  above. 
The  abbot  and  convent  of  Fecamp  have  complained  that 
William  de  Marinis  having  obtained  the  church  of  Ria,  through 
the  abbey  of  Fecamp,  pledging  his  oath  to  pay  an  annual 
pension  of  13  marcs,  refuses  to  pay  that  pension,  in  despite  of 

'  All  the  other  witnesses  omitted  in  Cartulary. 
2  "  Sacrista  de  Cantuaria,"  in  Cartulary,  which  omits  all  that  follows. 

e     92684.  ^ 


50  ABBEY  OF  F:6CAMP. 

1197. 

his  oath.  If  this  is  so,  they  are  to  compel  William  to  pay  the 
pension  and  are  to  punish  him  canonically  for  his  breach  of 
faith,  yet  giving  heed  whether  this  pension  has  been  increased 
or  newly  appointed  since  the  Lateran  council. 

Datum  Laterani  kal.  Junii  pontificatus  nostri  anno  sexto.'^ 
On  Michael  prior  of  Cogos  (sic)  appearing  before  them,  on 
behalf  of  the  abbey,  and  William  de  Marinis,  the  dispute  was 
thus  amicably  settled:  William  has  promised,  pledging  his 
faith,  to  pay  the  pension  annually  to  the  abbey  of  Fecamp 
for  the  church  of  Ria;  and  on  the  other  hand  six  marcs  shall 
be  paid  to  him  annually,  according  to  his  charter.  Whatever 
is  mutually  claimed  for  arrears  has  been  amicably  released 
before  them. 

[1197.]  145.  Notification   by   W[illiam]   abbot   of   Thame,  S[imon] 

(Original  in  archives,  prior  of  St.  Fritheswidis,  and  C[lement]  prior  of  Osnnai  that 
C   tute^^° fo^^3^3  bis  ■)  *^®y  have  received  a  papal  mandate  thus  worded : — 

[1197,  5  June.]  [Pope]  Celestine  sends  greeting  and  apostolical  benediction 
to  his  dear  sons,  the  abbot  of  Thame  and  the  priors  of  St. 
Fritheswidis  and  of  Osenai  in  the  diocese  of  Lincoln.  He 
learns  from  his  dear  sons  the  abbot  and  convent  of  Fdcamp 
that  Laurence  parson  of  Brede  (vrede)  and  James  son  of 
Alard,  strive  wrongfully  to  detain  the  tithes  of  Wlfledemareis 
and  of  Winchenesel,  in  the  diocese  of  Chichester,  rightfully 
belonging  to  the  monastery  of  F6camp,  on  the  ground  of  a 
certain  charter,  alleged  to  be  forged,  granting  those  tithes. 
Unwilling  that  the  monastery  should  on  this  ground,  suffer  the 
loss  of  its  right,  he  enjoins  on  their  discretion,  if  the  case  be  so, 
to  compel  the  said  Laurence  and  James  to  restore  those  tithes, 
with  the  increase  arising  from  them  in  the  meanwhile,  granting 
no  appeal.  And  if  they  can  be  convicted  as  to  the  charter, 
they  are  to  be  canonically  punished,  and  no  letters  obtained 
from  the  apostolic  see  prejudicial  to  truth  and  justice.  Let 
one  [of  the  three]  see  to  this,  if  they  cannot  all  be  present. 
Datum  Laterani  nonas  Junii  pontificatus  nostri  anno  sexto.-^ 
To  ensure  permanence  for  their  decision,  by  the  authority  of 
the  Pope,  in  the  above  case,  they  execute  and  seal  this  rescript. 
Having  at  length  secured  the  presence  of  the  parties,  and  the 
abbot  and  monks  having  stated  their  case,  their  adversaries, 
Laurence  and  James,  showed  no  ground  for  rejecting  it,  but 
contumaciously  withdrew.  The  abbot  and  monks'  witnesses 
were  then  admitted,  and  a  day  appointed  for  producing  wit- 
nesses, a  second  time,  by  citations  addressed  to  both  the  parties. 
On  the  day  arriving,  the  abbot  and  monks  produced  their 
witnesses  a  second  time,  but  Laurence  and  James  persisted 
obstinately  in  their  contumacy.  Out  of  kindness  to  them, 
in  their  absence,  a  third  day  was  named,  and  they  were 
summoned.  On  their  renewed  contumacy,  publication  of  the 
sentence  was  still  deferred,  in  equity  rather  than  justice,  and 

1  Not  in  Jaff^. 


ABBEY  OF  FECAMP.  51 


[1197.] 

to  convict  them  of  malice,  and  yet  another  day  appointed.  On 
that  day,  when,  neither  in  person  nor  by  anyone  else,  did  they 
appear,  their  contumacy  being  sufficiently  established,  they 
[the  commissioners]  at  the  entreaty  of  the  abbot  and  monks, 
despatched  to  Laurence  and  James,  depositions  proving  the 
case  of  the  abbot  and  monks,  with  their  summons.  Laurence 
appeared  in  person  on  the  appointed  day,  the  contumacy  of 
James  was  proved,  and  no  ground  being  shown  for  suspending 
sentence,  possession  of  the  said  tithes  was  adjudged  to  the 
abbot  and  monks,  the  question  of  property  (proprietas)  being 
reserved ;  and  although  it  was  sufficiently  established  that  the 
increase  arising  from  them,  in  the  meantime,  amounted  to 
30  marcs,  yet  in  mercy  {mitius  agentes)  it  was  taxed  (per 
taaucionerri)  at  20,  to  .which  Laurence  and  James  were 
condemned. 

1203.  146.  Notification  by  R[obert]  abbot   of  Eynesham,  E.  prior 

(Cartulary,         of  Oseneie,^  and  William  sub-prior  of  St.  Frideswide's  that  they 
°"       '^    '       have  received  the  pope's  mandate  as  follows : — 

1202,  21  Nov.  Mandate  of  pope  Innocent  [III.]  addressed  to  the  above.  The 
abbot  and  convent  of  Fecamp  have  complained  that  though 
they  have  peacefully,  for  some  time,  enjoyed  the  tithes  of 
certain  wastes  (moris)  in  the  vill  of  Brede  and  had  appealed 
to  the  apostolic  see  against  their  being  wronged  therein, 
Laurence,  a  clerk  of  the  diocese  of  Chichester,  after  appeal  so 
made,  had  wrongfully  despoiled  them  of  the  said  tithes,  which 
he  withholds.  They  are  to  summon  witnesses,  and  to  settle 
the  dispute  canonically,  allowing  no  appeal.  Witnesses  refusing 
to  appear  are  to  be  compelled  by  ecclesiastical  penalties  to  give 
their  testimony.     Two  of  them  to  form  a  quorum. 

Datum  Laterani  xj.  kal.  Dec.  ponbificatus  nostri  anno  v. 

On  Michael  the  monk  appearing  before  them  as  proctor  of 
the  abbey  of  F6camp,  and  Laurence  rector  of  the  church  of 
Brede,  the  dispute  was  settled  thus  :  Laurence  admitted  all  the 
tithes  of  the  wastes  and  marshes  of  Brede  to  be  the  right  of 
the  church  of  Fecamp,  and  surrendered  the  said  tithes  into 
their  hands,  and  they  by  the  pope's  authority,  restored  them 
to  the  abbey  by  its  proctor.  And  the  abbot  and  convent,  of 
their  charity  and  at  the  instance  of  friends,  have  allowed 
Laurence  to  hold  these  tithes  from  the  church  of  Fecamp,  for 
an  annual  pension  of  eighteen  pence,  so  long  as  he  lives,  or 
until  he  becomes  a  monk  (ad  reHgionem,  se  transtulerif)  and 
after  his  death  or  admission  to  a  religious  house,  the  abbey 
shall  receive  those  tithes.  Laurence  has  done  fealty  for  these 
tithes  to  the  abbey  before  them,  and  has  sworn  that  he  will 
make  no  further  claim  against  the  church. 

Hec  autem  transactio  facta  est  anno  Moccoiii°  apud  Oso- 
n[?efordiam]  in  ecclesia  Sancte  Marie  die  martis  proximo 
ante  festum  Sancti  Lamberti,  hiis  testibus  :  T.  monacho ; 
magistro  Martino  de  Oxon[ia],  et  multis  aliis. 

'  Not  in  Monasticon  list. 

D   2 


52  ABBEY  OF  FECAMP. 


[?  1204.]  147.  ]S[otification  by  R[obert]  abbot  of  Einesham  and  J.  abbot 

(Cartulary,       of  Bruer[ne]i  and  E.  prior  of  Oseneie^  that  they  have  received 
fo.  31  bis  d.)       ^j^g  pope's  mandate  as  follows  :— 
1203,  5  Nov.        Mandate  of   pope  Innocent  [III.]   addressed   to   the  above. 
■     His  dear  sons  the  abbot  and  convent  of  Fecamp  have  com- 
plained to  him  that  W.  de  Eglendon  and  John  de  Strotefeld, 
laymen  of  the  diocese  of  Chichester,  wrong  them  in  the  matter 
of  certain  tithes  belonging  to  their  monastery,  &c. 

Datum  Agnag[nie].  Non.  Novembris  pontificatus  nostri  anno 
sexto. 

They  summoned  John  de  Strotefeld  to  appear  before  them 
and  answer  the  charge  of  withholding  the  tithes  of  Strotefeldel. 
In  their  presence  and  in  that  of  the  proctors  of  the  monks,  he 
formally  admitted  that  the  tithes  belonged  to  the  abbey  of 
Fecamp,  and  swore  that  he  would  pay  them  to  it  in  future  m 
full. 

[1189-1219.]  148.  Notification  by  Simon  the, priest  and  the  brethren  and 
(Cartulary,  sisters  of  the  hospital  of  St.  Bartholomew,  Rye  (Rio)  that  they 
fo.  39  bis.)  jjg^^g  received  from  Half  abbot  of  Fecamp  and  the  whole  convent 
the  houses  and  chapel  of  the  said  hospital  with  their  appurte- 
nances and  half  a  virgate  of  land  in  perpetual  alms,  saving  the 
rents,  services,  and  aids  due  from  that  land  to  the  abbey,  for 
which  chapel  they  are  to  pay  annually,  as  a  pension,  two 
shillings  sterling  at  Christmas,  providing  always  that  on  Simon's 
death,  or  his  becoming  a  monk,  the  abbot  and  convent  are  to 
appoint  another  priest,  from  their  fraternity  (coUegio)  or  from 
another,  if  necessary,  with  the  advice  of  the  prudhommes  of  the 
town,  saving  the  right  of  the  abbey  and  of  the  mother  church. 
If  Simon  and  the  brethren  can  obtain  from  the  king  a  fair 
(nundinas)  at  Ria,  the  abbey  shall  receive  the  toll  of  the  whole 
town  and  port  while  it  lasts,  and  they  will  share  with  the 
abbey  [the  profits  of]  the  fair  on  their  ground.  Simon  and  the 
brethren  have  sworn  to  observe  this  agreement  strictly,  and 
they  append  their  seal  and  that  of  the  barons  of  Ria. 

Testibus  Vincentio  de  Ria ;  Nigasio;  Girrardo  de  Luvesham, 
et  multis  aliis. 

[1189-1219.]        149.  Charter  of  Ralf  abbot  of  Fecamp,  confirming  the  above 
(Cartulary,  fo.  aid.)  charter,  and  releasing  to  the  men  of  ^ye  the  custom   called 
aletal  for  120  marcs  which  they  paid  to  the  abbey  of  Fecamp. 
Testibus  hiis  :  Gaufrido  de  Cruce,  et  aliis. 

[1189-1219.]  150.  Charter  of  Ralf,  abbot  of  F6camp,  granting  to  William 
(Cartulary,  fo.  35</.)  gon  of  Herbert  and  Reginald  his  son  and  their  heirs  the  mill 
by  the  church  of  Staninges  with  an  acre  of  land  for  making 
a  conduit  (ague  ductum)  and  a  pool  and  a  place  for  making 
sluices  and  the  mill  croft,  at  fee  farm,  for  forty- five  shillings 
a  year,  eleven  shillings  and  three  pence  each  quarter.     And  he 

'  Not  in  Monasticon  list. 


ABBEY  OF  F:fiCAMP.  53 


[1189-1219.] 


shall  grind  the  wheat  of  the  monk  who  is  bailiff  of  the  abbey 
of  Fecamp  in  England  at  Staninges  without  toll. 
Teste  universitate  capituli  nostri. 


[N.  D.]  151.  Charter  of  John  de  Geatlinges  confirming  to  the  abbey 

(Cartulary,  fo.  8id.)  of  Fecamp  all  the  tithes  of  five  lands  called  "  perjurate,"  which 

are  near  Winchenesel  to  the  east  of  Rye,  for  which  land  he  has 

done  homage  and  fealty  to  the  abbot  and  abbey.     He  and  his 

heirs  are  bound  to  pay  twelve  pence  a  year  for  them. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Radulfo  de  Ikelesham ;  Girardo  de  Leuelesham ; 
Elya  de  Ria  ;  Willermo  de  Genesinges,  et  multis  aliis. 


54 

ABBEY  OF  ST.  PETER,  JUMIEGES, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE    OP    ROUEN. 

[Original  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Inferieure. 
Great  Cartulary^  and  Little  Cartulary  of  the  Abbey  in  same 
Archives.] 


1079. 

^Ancient  copy  in 

archives. 

Trans.  12.) 


[Ante  1083.] 

(Cartulary. 
Trans.  11.) 


152,  Charter^  of  William  I.  confirming  to  the  abbey  of 
Jumifeges  all  its  possessions,  and  the  charters  of  his  predecessors. 
He  restores  a  wood  which  Roger  de  Montgomeri  had  taken 
from  it,  and  confirms  its  acquisitions  during  his  reign,  among 
the  benefactors  named  being  Hugh  bishop  of  Bayeux,  William 
count  of  Arques,  William  de  Saccavilla,  Richard  count  of  Evreux, 
Rodulf  de  Torniaco,  Richard  [de  Clare]  son  of  count  Gilbert, 
and  Girard  son  of  Anscharius. 

153.  Charter  of  William  I.  to  the  abbey  of  Jumieges  (Gemme- 
ticensis)  confirming  the  gift  by  Rainald  his  chaplain,  of  the 
land  and  gardens  which  he  held  at  Bayeux  (Baiocis)  of 
himself.  The  abbey  is  to  hold  it  as  free  of  all  dues  as  did 
Rainald  and  his  predecessor  Stephen.  He  does  this  because 
Rainald  has  become  a  monk  there. 

Testimonio  Mathildis  mee  conjugis  regine,  et  Mauricii 
cancellarii,  et  Willelmi  de  Bello  fago,  et  Willelmi  fratris  ipsius 
Rainaldi,  et  Odonis  et  Henrici  capellanorum  regine. 


(Origina]  sealed,        154^  Inspeximus    by   Edward   I.    May   21,   1283,    of    the 
'cartuiiUT.        following  charters  to  the  abbey  of  Jumieges  : — 

Trans.  213.) 

[1078-1085.]  Charter  of  William  I.  addressed  to  0[smond]  bishop  [of 
Salisbury]  and  E[dward]  sheriiF  of  W[ilts]  and  W[illiam] 
Hosatis  {sic)  and  nil  his  lieges  French  and  English.  He  has 
granted  to  the  abbey  of  Jumifeges,  for  the  benefit  of  his  soul 
and  Mathildis  his  wife's,  the  church  of  Winteburnestok  and  the 
church  of  Cuntune,  with  all  dues,  as  held  by  Odo  the  chaplain 
and  his  predecessor  in  the  days  of  king  Edward.  If  anything 
has  been  subtracted,  it  is:  to  be  restored. 

[1101-1106.]  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  Anselra  archbishop  of 
Canterbury,  William  bishop  of  Winchester,  Henry  de  Portu  the 
sheriff",  and   all  his  lieges  of  Hampshire.      He  grants   to  the 

'  Circ.  1220,  but  written  in  different  hands. 
^  Clearly  spurious  in  its  present  form. 


ABBEY  OF  JUMISGES. 


55 


[1101-1106.] 

abbey  of  Jumifeges  Haringeia  and  all  its  appurtenances,  with 
all  privileges.     No  one  is  to  encroach  on  this  [benefaction]. 

Teste  Roberto  comite  de  Mellent,  et  Henrico  comite  de  Warwic 
et  Eoberto  filio  Ham[onis],  et  Ricardo  de  Retviers,  et  Roberiio 
filio  Anschetilli.     Apud  Wincestr[i]am  in  pascha. 

[1155.]  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  justices  and  sheriffs  of 

Southamptonshire.  He  grants  free-warren  to  the  abbot  of 
Jumifeges  in  his  land  of  Hayling  as  in  the  time  of  Henry  I. 
No  one,  without  his  permission,  is  to  hunt  or  take  the  hare 
under  penalty. 

Teste  Roberto  de  Dunest^[anvilla],  apud  Brug[iam]  in 
obsidione. 

[Circ.  1155.]  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  justices  and  officers 
throughout  England.  They  are  to  hand  over  to  the  abbot  and 
monks  of  Jumi^ges  all  their  fugitives  and  neifs  (nativos)  who 
escaped  after  the  death  of  Henry  I.,  wherever  they  may  be 
found.     No  one  is  to  keep  them  back  under  penalty. 

Teste  Reg[inaldo]  comite  Corn[ubie].      Apud  Broke[n]hest. 


[1100-1107.] 

(Great  Cartularj", 

No.  214. 

Trans.  50.) 


[1107-1120.] 

(Great  Cartulary, 

No.  292. 

Trans.  51.) 


[1139-1142.] 

(Great  Cartulary, 

No.  505. 

Trans.  330.) 


155.  Writ  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  Gilbert  de  Aquila  and 
WiUiam  the  chamberlain  de  Tancarvilla.  He  does  not  claim 
any  due  on  the  great  fish  (crasso  pisse)  captured  at  QuillebcEuf 
{Ghilebeof}  and  will  restore  to  the  abbot,  as  soon  as  he  returns 
to  Normandy,  what  was  taken  on  his  behalf.  They  are  to  right 
the  abbot  against  the  men  who  wronged  him. 

Testibus :  comite  de  Mell[ent] ;  Ricardo  de  Reddvers,  et  Rogero 
Bigot.     Apud  Westmonast[erium]. 

156.  Writ  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  William  archbishop  of 
Rouen,  and  Robert  de  Candos,  and  all  his  lieges  of  the  Roumois 
(Roidtneis).  He  has  given  and  granted  to  the  abbey  of 
Jumifeges  the  land  of  Dudela  in  the  forest  of  Roumare,  and 
Robert  is  to  give  seisin. 

Testibus  Rannulfo  cancellario,  et  Willelmo  camerario,  et 
WiUelmo  de  Albini,  et  Nigello  de  Albini,  et  Walter[io]  filio 
Ansgerii.     Apud  Cadomum. 

157.  Charter  of  Henry,  bishop  of  Winchester.  The  churches 
of  Winchester  and  Jumieges  (GeinTneticensis)  being  at  strife 
concerning  the  right  to  a  portion  of  Hailinges  island,  which 
the  church  of  Jumieges  had  long  possessed,  he  and  the  whole 
of  the  brethren  {oonventusfratrum)  of  the  church  of  Winchester, 
overlooking  the  said  strife,  grant  at  the  prayer  of  pope  Innocent 
and  in  consideration  of  the  poverty  of  the  church  of  Jumieges, 
the  said  portion  of  the  island  to  that  church  as  its  possession 
for  ever,  and  will  never  again  stir  up  strife  concerning  it. 

Testibus  :  S[tephano]  rege  Anglorum  ;  Theobaldo  Cantua,rensi 
archiepiscopo  ;  Jocelino  Wintoniensi  archidiacono ;  Hilario 
Christi  ecclesie  decano  ;  Henrico  cancellario  episcopi ;  Willelmo 
de  Ponte  archarum  camerario  regis,  et  aliis  multis. 


'■  Trans.:  "  Dunestr." 


56 


ABBEY  OF  JUMIfiGBS. 


[1150.] 

(Great  Cartulary, 

No.  506. 

Trans.  324.) 


158.  Letter  from  Theobald  archbishop  of  Canterbury  and 
primate  of  all  England  to  his  venerable  brother  and  friend 
H[enry]  the  bishop  of  Winchester.  The  monks  of  Jumieges 
have  lately  approached  him,  imploring  him  to  bear  witness  to  the 
truth  as  to  the  agreement  made,  in  his  presence,  between  Henry 
and  them  as  to  the  land  of  Haringeia.  He  therefore  states 
simply  what  he  remembers  concerning  it,  saving  his  [Henry's] 
peace.  His  recollection  is  that,  for  the  peaceful  and  quiet 
possession  of  the  land,  the  monks  promised  him  to  pay  100 
marcs,  of  which  Henry,  if  he  will  kindly  remember,  remitted 
20.  Of  any  other  undertaking  given  him,  neither  Theobald 
nor  any  of  those  who  were  present  have  any  recollection.  He 
bears  witness  to  what  he  heard.  May  Henry,  therefore,  be 
pleased  to  approve  what  so  many  witnesses  declare  to  have 
been  done,  and  may  God  grant  him  eternal  bliss. 


1147, 13  April. 

(Cartulary. 
Trans.  302.) 


159.  Letter  of  Pope  Eugenius  HI.  addressed  to  Eustace 
"abbot  of  Jumieges  &c.  confirming  (inter  alia)  in  England  the 
greater  part  of  the  island  called  Halangeia,  in  churches  and 
tithes  of  the  whole  island,  [and]  at  Withebornestoche  [and] 
Chenton  two  churches  with  tithes  and  lands     .... 

Data  per  manum  Hugonis  presbyteri  cardinalis  agentis  vicem 
domini  Guidonis  diaconi  cardinalis  et  cancellarii,  idus  Aprilis, 
indictione  x.,  incarnationis  dominice  anno  Moc°XLVllo,  pontifi- 
catus  vero  domini  Eugenii  pape  anno  iii°  (sic)} 


[1169-1180.] 

(Original. 

Great  Cartulary, 

No.  508. 

Trans.  118.) 


160.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
freedom  from  all  tolls  throughout  his  land  of  England  and 
Normandy,  to  the  monks  of  Jumieges  (Gemmetico)  and  their 
own  servants  and  to  all  that  is  for  the  use  of  their  church. 

Testibus  R[otrodo]  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  Henrico 
Baiocensi,  Egidio  Ebroicensi,  episcopis  ;  comite  Willelmo  de 
Mandevilla;  Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Roberto  de 
Stutevilla.     Apud  Rothomagum. 


[Circ.  1174.]         161.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  to  the  abbey  of  Jumieges. 

(Origiuai,  sealed.        Printed  in  Monasticon  Anqlicanum,  VI.  1087-8. 
m  archives.  "^ 

Trans.  130.     Great  Cartulary,  No.  505.    Little  Cartulary,  fo.  lOlrf.) 


[1175-1183.] 

(Great  Cartulary, 

No.  228. 

Trans.  127.) 


162.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  others.  He  has  given  and  granted  to  Richard  de 
Malapalude  a  clerk  of  his  and  of  master  Walter  of  Coutances 
(Constantiensis)  his  clerk  and  liegeman  the  church  of  Marevilla, 
which  he  gave  him  while  the  abbey  of  Jumieges,  to  which  it 
belongs,  was  in  his  hands,  and  the  presentation  in  his  gift, 
The  said  Richard,  clerk  to  himself  and  to  the  said  master 
Walter,  treasurer  of  Rouen  cathedral  and  archdeacon  of  Oxford 
(Oxenii)  is  to  hold  it  with  all  its  rights. 


'  See  Neues  Archiv  der  Gesellschaft  etc.  (Hannover)  VII.,  92. 


ABBEY  OF  JUMIEGES.  67 


[1175-1183.] 


Testibus:  G[aufrido]  Eliensi,  et  E[eginaldo]  Bathoniensi, 
episcopis  ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi ;  Seher[io]  de  Quinci ;  Hugone 
de  Creissi ;  Fulcone  Painell[o] ;  Roberto  de  Mortuomari.  Apud 
Oenoraannum.^ 

1195,  18  Jan.        163.  Charter  of  Eichard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  gives 

(Ori^nalin       to  the  abbey  of  Jumieges  Conteville,  to  be  held  in   [frank] 

Trans^°i64*^  See    almoin,  in  exchange  for  Pont  de  I'Arche  which  the  abbot  and 

Delisle's  Cartuiaire  monks  giant  him  excepting  the  church,  on  condition  that,  out 

Normand,  No.  255.)  of  the  rent  of  ConteviUe  they  pay  him  20  pounds  of  Anjou  a 

year  at  his  Exchequer. 

Testibus :  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  tunc  senescallo  Normannie  ; 
Roberto  de  Harecort;  Willelmo  Marescallo ;  Willelmo  de 
Trublevilla ;  Ricardo  de  Montig[ni]o  ;  Willelmo  de  Martign[io] 
et  pluribus  aliis.  Data  per  manum  Willelmi  Elyensis  episcopi 
canceUarii  nostri  xviij.  die  Januarii  apud  Londam,  anno  vj.  regni 
nostri. 

[1198, 28  Aug.]        164.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  gives 
(Gre^  Cartulary,     jq  q^q  abbey  of  Jumieges  a  market  (forum)  at  Durcher  every 
Tuesday. 

Testibus  hiis :  W[illelmo]  filio  Radulfi  tunc  senescallo 
Normannie ;  (Baldwino  comite  Albemarl[ie] ;  Hugone  de  Cornai 
(sic) ;  Luca  filio  Johannis  ;)^  Baldwino  et  Juhello  capellanis 
nostris  ;  magistro  Roscelino,  et  pluribus  aliis.  Datum  per  manum 
E[ustachii]  Elyensis  episcopi  cancellarii  nostri  apud  Rupem 
Andel[iaci]  xxviij.  die  Augusti,  anno  ix"  regni  nostri. 

'  Coufirmed  by  Eotrou  archbishop  of  Bouen  in  No.  229,  and  by  Robert  abbot 
of  Jumieges  in  No.  230. 

"  Deyille's  transcript  (No.  173),  -which  is  taken  from  an  original  in  the  archiyes 
of  the  Seine  Inferieure,  omits  these  three  names,  -which  are  here  talsen  from  the 
Cartulary. 


58 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  WANDRILLE, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OF    ROUEN. 


[Cartulary  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Infiriev/re.     Also 
MS.  lat.  5425,  in  Bibliotheque  Rationale}] 


1074.  165.  Charter   of   William   [I]    the   glorious    king   of    the 

(Cartulary,  u.  i.,  16.  English  and  unconquered  coimt  of  the  Normans,  reciting  that 
Trans.  10.)  ^j^^^  ahhey  of  St.  Wandrille  claimed  certain  rights  in  the  forest 
of  Caudebec,  &c.  of  the  gift  of  his  grandfather  count  Richard, 
as  in  the  time  of  ablbot  Girard,  to  which  rights  count  William 
of  Evreux  objected,  each  side  appealing  to  trial  by  battle 
(campi  pugna);  and  notifying  that,  in  order  that  a  church 
case  might  not  be  settled  by  human  blood,  he  has,  by  counsel  of 
his  nobles  (principuTn  meorum  consilio)  made  peace  on  the 
terms  that  count  William  should  befriend  the  brethren,  and 
allow  them,  as  of  the  king's  gift,  wood  sufficient  for  their  needs, 
the  conditions  of  taking  it  being  specified.  Further  provision 
for  the  pasturing  of  the  abbey's  cattle  and  feeding  of  its  swine 
in  the  forest. 

Actum  feliciter  castro  Juliebone  anno  ab  incamatione 
domini  millesimo  MOLXXoiiii",  indictione  xiio,  residente  in  sede 
Romans  papa  Gregorio  anno  ijo  qui  erat  gloriosi  Anglorum 
[regis]  Willelmi  annus  adepti  regni  viij",  Guiberti^  abbatis  in 
abbacia  xij°. 

Signa — Willelmi  regis  Anglorum ;  Rotberti  filii  regis  ;  Willelmi 
filii  regis  ;  Willelmi  Ebroicensis  comitis ;  Goiffredi  filii  Guidonis*  ; 
Rogeri  de  Montgommeri*;  Rogeri  de  Belmont ;  Guidonis^  dapiferi. 


from  original.) 


[1060-1080.]  166.  Charter  of  Roger  de  Belmont  giving  to  the  abbey 
(MS.  lat.  5425,  (ecclesie)  of  St.  Wandrille  and  the  brethren  there  serving  Christ 
T,  °Uo.!nai  -i  the  churches  of  Mana,  Asnebec,  and  Faveroles  and  all  the 
tithes  of  these  churches,  both  from  his  own  [demesne]  and 
from  all  his  men  and  mills  and  daily  toll  and  annual  fairs,  and 
from  his  own  food  (nutrimento)  of  every  kind,  from  his 
pannage  and  wood  rent  (censu)  and  his  fulling  mill ;  also  one 
ploughland,  and  the  tithe  of  the  increase  that  God  shall  give 
him  in  these  places.     This  gift  he  puts  on  the  altar. 

1  A  volume  of  17th  century  transcripts  from  the  original  charters. 
2  "  Girberti  "  in  Cartulary.  3  "  Eudonis  "  in  Cartulary. 

■*  "  Montegomeri "  in  Cartulary. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  WANDRILLB. 


59 


[1111-1118.] 

(Cartulary,  L.  ii.,  4 
Trans.  44.)' 


[Circ.  1130.] 
(Cartulary, 
H.  ii.,  40.) 


[1060-1080.] 

Testibus :  filiis  meis  Roberto  et  Henrico ;  Guillermo 
Crispino ;  Roberto  de  Veteri  Ponte ;  Guillermo  de  Tornebusc ; 
Norman  no  Pinnart ;  Rogero  Bigot,  et  multis  aliis. 

[Signa]  Rogerii  de  Belmont ;  Roberti  filii  ejus  ;  Henrici. 

167.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  [as  king  of  the  English  and  duke 
of  the  Normans]  addressed  generally.  He  notifies  that,  in 
the  presence  of  himself  and  his  barons,  Girold^  abbot  of  St. 
Wandrille  and  his  monks  have  granted  Werelwast^  (Verlwast), 
at  ferm,  to  William*  bishop  of  Lisieux  for  his  life,  on  condition 
that  it  shall  revert  to  them  at  his  death,  as  in  the  year  that 
William  I.  died. 

Testibus :  Goifirido  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo,  et  Rann[ulf  o]^ 
cancellario,  et  Eustachio  comite  de  Bolonia,  et  Roberto  comite 
de  MeuUent,  et  Eudone®  dapifero,  et  Ham[one]'  dapifero,  et 
Roberto  de  Bello  campo ;  Goifirido  filio  Pagani ;  Waltero 
de  Vernone,  et  Godardo  pistrina,  et  Heltone  de  Sancto 
Wandregesilio,  et  Alano  de  Alicheri villa,  eb  Willelmo  filio 
Ansgerii,  et  Willelmo  filio  Oini,  et  Willelmo  filio  Godefridi,  et 
Atselino  de  Bosco  Gerardi.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

168.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  all  his  ofiicers  of  Normandy.  He  grants  to  St. 
Wandrille  and  abbot  Alan  that  their  market  which  used  to  be 
held  at  St.  Wandrille  on  Saturday  shall  be  held  at  Caldebec 
on  S\inday.  And  all  those  coming  thither  shall  enjoy  his 
peace  coming  and  going,  giving  the  right  dues.  Ten  pounds 
penalty  for  infringement  of  this  charter. 

T[estibus] :  Johanne  episcopo  Lexoviensi ;  Audino  episcopo 
Ebroicensi ;  et  R[oberto]  de  sigillo,  et  comite  de  Auco  Henrico, 
et  R[oberto]  de  Haia,  et  G[aufrido]  filio  Pagani,  et  Anselino 
vicecomite,  apud  Dyopam  in  transitu  meo. 

169.  Writ  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  R[abel]  de  Tan[carvilla] 
and  all  his  barons  and  lieges  of  Calz.  The  men  of  Lillebonne 
(Insula  bona)  and  of  all  Normany  are  to  give  the  same  dues 
to  the  a,bbot  of  St.  Wandrille  and  his  officers  at  Caldebec  on 
Tuesday  as  they  used  to  give  at  St.  Wandrille  when  the 
market  now  removed  to  Caldebec,  was  there.  No  one  is  to 
withhold  these  rightful  dues. 

T[estibus] :  R[oberto]  de  Ver,  et  W[illelmo]  filio  Odonis,  apud 
sanctum  Wand[regesilum]. 

[1144-1150.]  170.  Charter  of  Geoffrey  duke  of  Normandy  and  count  of 
(Cartuiary,.T.  i.,  7.)  Aujou  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  to  all  his 
oflBcers  and  lieges.  At  the  advice  and  with  the  consent  of 
Henry  his  son,  he  restores  to  the  monks  of  St.  Wandrille  all 
tithes  and  endowments  (elemosinas)  in  wheat  and  in  money 
and  in  all  else  as  they  held  them  in  the  time  of  king  Henry  [I.], 
the  tenth  week   (decimam  ebdomadaruTn)  of   his  toll[s]   at 

'  Deyille's  reading  of  this  charter  is  very  had.        '  Trans.  :  "  Gerardus." 

^  Trans.  :  "  Wariewast."  ■•  Rectius :  "  John  :'-  *  Trans. :  "  Kanuero." 

«  Trans.  :  "  Odone."  '  Trans. :  "  Hameri." 


[1130-1135.] 

(Cartulary, 
H.  ii.,  41.) 


60 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  WANDRILLB. 


[1144-1150.] 

Rouen,   and    whatever   they  had   at   Arques  and   at  Dieppe, 
etc.  in  the  year  king  Henry  was  alive  and  dead. 

Testibus:  Eicardo  cancellario;  Roberto  de  Novoburgo ; 
R[oberto]  de  Corceio ;  Alexandre  de  Boh[un].  Apud 
Argenthomum. 

[1154-5.]  171.    Charter    of    Gualeran    count   of   Meulan  {Mellensis), 

(Cartulary,  L.  i.,  4.)  narrating  that  he  has  founded  at  Watteville  before  the  gates  of 
his  castle  a  chapel  in  honour  of  the  Virgin  Mary  to  be  served 
by  a  vicar  appointed  by  the  monks  of  St.  WandriUe.  The 
charter  is  attested  by  his  sons  Robert  and  Gualeran,  his  wife 
Agnes,  William  de  Pino,  Adam,  Ralf  de  Mannavilla. 

Actum  est  hoc  anno  incarnati  Verbi  mocoliiiio,  Adriani  pape 
anno  1°,  Henrici  vero  regis  secundi  Anglorum  et  ducis  Normann- 
orum  et  Aquitanorum  et  comitis  Andegavorum  annoregniprinio. 


1157. 

(MS.  lat.  5423, 

fo.  163, 

from  original, 

with  two  seals.) 


[1156-1175  ] 

(Original  in 

archives. 

Cartulary,  T.  i.,  20 ; 

and  MS.  lat.  5425, 

fo.  94  from  original. 

Trans.  114.) 


172.  Agreement  between  the  abbey  of  St.  WandriUe  and  Hugh 
de  Gomaio  concerning  certain  lands  and  rights  in  Normandy. 

Hec  pactio  facta  est  anno  ab  incarnationi  Domini  MCLVII. 
regnante  Rege  Henrico  juniore  anno  iii.  etc.  apud  Rothomagum 
ill  cimiterio  Sancti  Audoeni,  presentibus  abbatibus  donno 
Rogero  Sancti  Wandragesili  et  donno  Rogero  Sancto  Audoeni  et 
domino  Hugone  de  Gomaio.  Hujus  pactionis  sunt  testes  etc. 
.  .  .  .  ex  parte  domini  Hugonis :  Hugo  Talebot ;  Willelmus 
de  Sancto  Lecheeni;  Anthelmus  de  Montegnei;  Robertus  de 
Maregnei ;  Bartholomeus  Dallage ;  Hugo  Davesnes ;  Olivier  (sic) 
Dage,  et  Saueri  et  Willelmus  Hoese. 

173.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  confirms 
to  the  abbey  of  St.  WandriUe  and  its  monks  40  shillings  a  year 
which  William  de  Calcia,  by  permission  of  William  his  son  and 
Mathildis  his  wife  gave  them. 

Testibus :  Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Willelmo  de 
Curci  dapifero  ;  Rogero  de  Turre.     Apud  Argentonum. 


[1142-1154.]        174.  Charter  of  Jo[celin]  bishop  of  Salisbury.     He  confirms 

(Cartulary,  s.  i.,  2,  to  the  abbot  of  St.  WandriUe  and  the  whole  convent  for  ever 

*°  from  original.      ^^^  *^®  churclies  and  other  possessions  which  belong  to  it  in  his 

Trans.  348.)       diocese,    namely   the   church    of    Witchercha,   the   church   of 

Bridiport,  the   church  of  Britidon,  the   church  of  Hupanena, 

with   its    chapels   and  other   appurtenances,  —  the   chapel    of 

Magheuneford  with  its  appurtenances,  the  church  of  Sorestan, 

with  its  chapels  and  appurtenances.      Those  who  assail  this 

charter  are  denounced,  and  those  who  uphold  it  blessed. 

[1165-1178.]  175,  Charter  of  J[ocelin]  bishop  of  Sahsbury  notifying  that, 
on  the  resignation  of  He[r]bert  precentor  of  Bayeux,  and  at  the 
request  of  A[nsfred]  abbot  of  St.  WandriUe  and  the  convent, 
who  present  him,  he  has  received  his  dear  son  Robert  of  Bayeux 
as  parson  of  the  church  of  Upavon  (Huphanensi)  and  has 
executed  this  institution  that  he  may  ever  enjoy  that  church  in 
peace  and  quietness. 


(Cartulary  S, 
Trans.  343.) 


ABBEY  OP  ST.  WANDRILLE. 


61 


[1175-1182.] 

(Cartulary,  T.  i.,  5. 
Trans.  224.) 


[1180-1189.] 
(Cartulary. 
Trans.  113.) 


176.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  justices,  vicomtes 
and  bailiffs  of  Normandy.  The  abbey  of  St.  Wandrille 
( Wandregisilus)  and  its  abbot  and  monks  are  to  hold  all  their 
possessions  as  freely  as  they  held  them  on  the  day  he  last 
left  Caen  to  cross  over  to  England  and  are  not  to  be  impleaded 
for  any  tenement  they  then  held,  except  before  him,  and  they 
and  their  men  and  all  their  substance  are  to  be  protected. 

Teste  magistro  Waltero  Constantiensi  archidiacono  Oxeneford, 
apud  Valonias. 

177.  Writ  of  Henry  II.,  addressed  to  William  de  Humeto. 
The  monks  of  St.  Wandrille  are  to  enjoy  their  benefactions  in 
his  land  as  freely  as  his  charter  witnesses.  If  he  does  not  see 
to  it,  the  king's  justice  will. 

Teste  comite  Willelmo  de  Mandevilla,  apud  Bumm. 


[1181-1188.] 

(Cartulary. 
Trans.  123.) 


[1196-1205.] 

(Cartulary, 

B.  iii.,  6.,  and  MS. 

lat.,  5425,  fo.  78, 

from  original. 

Trans.  407.) 


178.  Charter  of  Henry  II.,  addressed  generally.  The  dis- 
pute between  the  abbot  and  convent  of  St.  Wandrille  and 
Jeremias  de  Eglesfeld  clerk,  concerning  the  church  of  Eglesfeld, 
and  the  chapels  belonging,  to  it,  namely  those  of  Seffled  and 
Wradeffeld  and  Wiltan,  and  the  abbot's  lay  fee  in  Eglesfeld  and 
its  appurtenances  has  been  thus  terminated  before  him  by 
permission  and  assent  of  the  chapter  of  St.  Wandrille,  namely 
that  Jeremias  has  quit-claimed  to  the  abbot  and  convent  the 
rights  of  parson  (persoriatus)  which  he  said  he  had  in  the  said 
church  and  chapels  and  all  the  hereditary  right  he  claimed 
in  the  abbot's  lay  fee,  while  the  abbot,  by  assent  of  his  con- 
vent, has  granted  to  Jeremias  the  rights  of  perpetual  vicar 
(vicariaTn)  of  that  church,  namely,  the  third  of  the  whole 
church  and  of  the  chapel  and  of  all  oflferings  and  everything 
belonging  to  it  in  frank  almoin.  He  has  also  granted  him  two- 
thirds  of  the  church  and  chapels,  to  be  held  at  ferm  for  his  life 
witli  all  his  lay  fee  and  everything  belonging  to  him  for  20  marcs 
of  silver  annually  at  Michaelmas.  This  agreement  and  fine  be- 
tween them,  made  before  the  king,  is  to  remain  firmly  established. 

Testibus  hiis^ :  lJunelme[n]si,  Johanne  Norwic[ensi], 
episcopis  ;  comite  Willelmo  Susexie ;  Ranulfo  de  GlanviUa ; 
Willelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Waltero  filio  Roberti ; 
Seherio  de  Quinci ;  Willelmo  Marescallo  ;  Gaufredo  filio  pacc'^ ; 
Ricardo  de  Canville.     Apud  Gartiatonam. 

179.  Letters  Patent  of  ^\'illiam  Longuepee,  son  of  king 
Henry,  earl  of  Salisbury  notifying  that  he  has  given  to  the 
church  of  St.  Mary,  Brandenestoke  and  the  canons  there 
serving  God  the  church  of  Rogierville  in  Normandy  in  alms  for 
ever,  with  all  its  appurtenances,  liberties,  and  free  customs,  in 
wood  and  plain,  in  roads  and  paths,  and  in  everything. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Henrico  de  Berneriis  ;  Roberto  de  Vallibus ; 
Roberto*  Ebroic[ensi]  ;  Hugone  de  Bemeriis ;  Willelmo  Talebot ; 


■  Probably  for  "  Hfugone]." 

a  "  Gerbert "  in  MS.  lat 


2  Error  for  "  filio  Petri." 


62 


ABBEY  OP  ST.  WANDRILLE. 


[1196-1205.] 


[1196-1205.] 

(Cartolary, 

K.  iii.,  4.     Trans. 

323,"  and  MS.  lat. 

5425,  fo.  78  from 

original,  sealed  in 

brown  wax  on 

green  and  white 

cord.) 


[1196-1205.] 

(Cartulary, 

K.  iii.,  5. 

Trans.  408.) 


[1194-1217.]» 
(Cartulary. 
Tran.i.  349.) 


Ada  de  Vallibus ;  Willelmo  Boterel ;  magistro  Berengerio ; 
Galfredo  Vitulo;  Willelmo  de  Oaiief[?  elda]i ;  Willelmo 
Trebaldo^ ;  Garino  de  Wiabume  ;  Johanno  Bouet,^  et  multis  aliis. 

Seal  described  in  MS.  Lat.  as  nearly  perfect,  representing  the  earl  on  horseback, 
with  lion  rampant  on  his  shield  and  on  mantling  of  his  horse.  Legend :  Sigillum 
WiLLELMi  LoNGESPBiE  ....  Gounterscal,  with  sword  sheathed  in  pale  and 
same  legend. 

180.  Charter  of  Walter  archbishop  of  Rouen.  At  the 
earaest  entreaty  of  William  Longespee,  earl  of  Salisbury,  and 
on  the  resignation  of  Roger  de  Rogiervilla,  he  gives  to  St. 
Mary  of  Bradenestok,  and  the  canons  there  serving  God  the 
church  of  Rogiervilla  with  all  its  appurtenances  for  ever  to  be 
applied  to  their  own  uses,  saving  pontifical  rights  and  those  of 
the  vicar  [which  are]  to  be  bestowed  by  himself  and  his 
successors  on  whom  they  will  for  ever. 

Testibus :  magistro  Symone  cancellario ;  magistro  Johanne 
de  Villera,^  Willelmo  de  Brueriis,  et  Ricardo  Hayr^  canonicis 
Rothomagensibus ;  Ricardo  de  Gillarville ;  Ansello  de  Augo ; 
Roberto  de  Sancto  Nicholao  capellano ;  Laurentio  clerico,  et 
multis  aliis. 

181.  Letter  from  William  Longuepee,  earl  of  Salisbury  to 
W[alter]  archbishop  of  Rouen.  It  is  his  right,  as  the  archbishop 
knows,  to  present  a  parson  to  the  church  of  Rogierville ;  and,  as 
he  wishes  to  promote  [the]  holy  religion,  and  to  support  true 
charity,  he  presents  to  the  archbishop,  by  his  letters  patent  and 
their  bearer,  his  canons  of  Brandenest[oc]'  to  the  said  church  of 
Rogierville.  As  he  is  hindered  by  the  business  of  the  king  his 
brother  from  coming  in  his  own  person,  he  beseeches  the  arch- 
bishop (vos)^  as  his  dearest  lord  and  father,  most  earnestly,  to 
receive,  of  his  charity,  the  said  canons  [as  parson  of]  the  said 
church,  if  he  kindly  will,  for  his  [Walter's]  weal  and  that 
of  all  his  friends,  knowing  it  to  be  true  that  the  canons  of 
Brandenest[oc],^  joyously  and  most  devotedly,  share  with  all  poor 
folk,  in  their  compassion,  such  endowments  (bona)  as  they  can 
acquire;  and  they  will  faithfully  serve  him  and  his  in  all 
obedience.     May  his  holiness  fare  well  in  the  Lord. 

182.  Charter  of  H[erbert]  bishop  of  Salisbury  and  the 
chapter.  They  receive  R.  the  worshipful  abbot  of  St. 
Wandrille  as  a  brother  and  canon,  and  all  his  successors 
[likewise],  bestowing  on  them,  by  the  name  of  prebend,  to  their 
own  uses  for  ever  the  church  of  Upavon  {Ouphanena)  with 
all  its  appurtenances. 


'  "  de  Ranefri,"  ibid.  ^  "  Teodebaldo,"  ibid.  3  «  Bonet,"  ibid. 

*  M.  Deyille,  imagining  the  earl  to  be  a  brother  of  Henry  II.,  appended  a,  note 
impugning  the  authenticity  of  the  charter  on  chronological  grounds.  But  he  was  a 
son,  not  a  brother,  of  the  king. 

6  "Vilars"inMS.  lat.  «  "  de  Hayr,"  iW. 

'  Transcript  in  error. :  "  Brandenestier."  «  Transcript  in  error  •  "  nos  '' 

9  1194-1207,  if  abbot  E[eginald]  ;  1207-1217,  if  abbot  E[oger]. 


63 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  JOHN,  FOUCARMONT, 

FOR  CISTERCIAN  MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OP    ROUEN. 

[OrigiTval  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Inf^rieure  and 
in  Pvhlic  Libraries  of  Rouen  and  Neufchdtel.  Cartulary^  in 
Public  Library  of  Rouen,  Y.  13.] 


[1140-1148.]  183.  Charter  of  Richard,  son  of  earl  Gilbert  [of  Pembroke]. 
(Cartulary,  f  o.  87d.)  He  grants  to  the  abbey  of  Foucarmont  what  he  has  acquired, 
or'  may  acquire,  by  purchase  or  at  f erm,  in  the  fief  of  Garini- 
pratum  or  Fraisnellum,  free  of  multure,  of  corvSes  (corveiis) 
and  all  other  dues,  save  only  the  service  of  the  vavassors, 
etc.2 

Testes  sunt :  Robertus  de  Bosco  Rohardi ;  Rogerus  de 
Wanchi ;  Hosbertus  de  Grueniu  ;  Radulf us  de  Luci.  JPredictam 
autem  quietantiam  a  moltura,  quam  ego  feci,  sub  eisdem  testibus 
fecit  et  Radulfus  presbiteri  filius. 


1155. 

(Original  in 

Nenfchdtel  Library. 

Also  Cartulary, 

fo.  87. 

Trans.  198.) 


184.  Charter  of  the  empress  Mathildis,  daughter  of  king 
Henry,  addressed  to  all  her  lieges  of  Normandy.  She  grants 
and  confirms  the  alms  which  Oelard  de  Cleis  has  given  the 
church  of  St.  John  of  Foucarmont  {Folcardivions)  in  her  presence, 
namely  his  whole  fee  of  Garini-prata,  etc.,  and  two- thirds  of  the 
tithe  in  the  rest  of  his  fee.  If  he  cannot  warrant  this  alms  to 
the  brethren,  he  is  to  restore  to  the  church  the  nine  pounds 
in  doney  of  Beauvais  which  he  had  from  it. 

His  testibus :  Rogerio  de  Kailli ;  WiUelmo  de  Helion ; 
Galtero  de  Giosnis ;  Galtero  filio  Emualdi.  Apud  Rothomagum, 
anno  ab  incamatione  domini  MCLV. 


[1155-1164.]         185.  Charter  of  William,  brother  of  Henry  king  of  England, 

(Cartulary,  fo.  36.)  addressed   generally.     He  grants  to  St.  John  of   Foucarmont 

and  the  monks  there  serving  God  a  house  (mansio)  in  the  town 

of  Dieppe  (Deppa)  given  by  Ralf  Pichot  and  Amfria  his  wife, 

free  from  all  lay  service,  specially  from  tolls  ut  infra. 

His  testibus  :  Alano  de  Falasia  ;  Hugone  de  Cressi ;  Ludone,' 
filio  Emisii ;  Ricardo  Britone ;  WiUelmo  de  Unemaisnil.*  Apud 
Burgum  Chardi. 


'  Early  13th  century. 

2  This  is  preceded  in  the  Cartulary  hy  a  charter  of  his  mother,  Isabel,  "wife  of 
Earl  Gilbert,"  who  confirms  his  gift. 

3  Keotius :  "  Eudone." 

*  The  p^ialty  of  ten  pounds  for  infringement  of  the  charter  is  inserted  here. 


64 


ABBEY  OF  FOTTCARMONT. 


[1158-1162.]        186.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.    He  confirms 
(Originalin       to   tlie   abbey    of   Foucarmont   (FulcardiTnonte)   the  gifts  of 

Cartularyl^o.  3.<?.  Henry  count  of  Eu  and  count  John,  his  son,  including  the 
Trans. 111.)  tithe  of  all  the  latter's  acquisitions  in  England;  of  Rainald 
and  Roger  de  Septemmol[endinis]  and  Amabilis  their  mother,  of 
Walter  de  Sancto  Amando,  of  Robert  of  Eu  {A'uugi),  of  Thomas 
and  Rainald  de  Sancto  Leodegario,  of  Roger  Baillol  (confirmed 
by  Robert  de  Fanencort),  of  Robert  de  Hastinguis  and  Isabel  his 
wife  and  Avelina  mother  of  Isabel,  of  William  de  Pormort  and 
Girard  his  son,  of  Ralf  de  Salsomara,  of  Ralf  de  Novavilla, 
of  William  count  of  Albemarle,  of  Richard  [de  Clare]  son 
of  earl  Gilbert  [of  Pembroke],  William  the  Chamberlain  de 
Tancarvilla,  of  Hugh  and  William  de  Sancto  Germano  (con- 
firmed by  Hugh  de  Mortuomari),  and  of  other  benefactors  in 
!N  ormandy. 

Teste  (sic)  Hugone  Dunelmensi  episcopo ;  Thoma  cancellario  ; 
Ranulfo  abbate  de  Bill  owes ;  Gaufrido  regis  capellano ;  Girardo 
vicedomino  de  Pinchonio ;  Ricardo  scriptore.  Per  manum 
Stephani  de  Fulgeris  scriptoris,  apud  Rothomagum. 

[1155-1189.]        187.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 
(Cartulary, fo.  35rf.)  fcbatall  the  substance  of  the  monks  of  Foucarmont  which  their 
men  can  declare  {affidare)  to  belong  to  them  shall  be  free  from 
all  dues.     Ten  pounds  penalty  for  infringement. 
Teste  canonic[o]^  (sic),  apud  Rothomagum. 

[1165-1167.]        188.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed   to  the  archbishop  of 
(Cartulary;  io.  35rf.)  Rouen  and  all  his  ofiicers  of  Normandy,     He   confirms  to  the 
abbey  of  Foucarmont  the  gift  of  Gilbert  de  Sartis. 

Testibus :  M[atilde]  imperatrice ;  Gaufrido  archidiacono 
Cantuariensi ;  Richardo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Hugone  de 
Longo  campo ;  Hugone  de  Pirariis.     Apud  Pratum. 

[1165-1173.]        189.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  justices,  vicomtes, 

(Cartulary,  fo.  35d.)  and  all  his  ofiicers  and  lieges  of  Normandy.     The  abbot  and 

monks  of   Foucarmont  are  to   hold  in  peace  and  to  pay  their 

ferms  according  to  the  standard  (mensv/ra)  current  when  those 

fermswere  fixed. 

Teste  Gaufrido  archidiacono  Cantuariensi,  apud  Rothomagum. 

[1178-1182.]  190.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  35.)  Rouen  and  his  officers  of  Normandy,  Confirming  donations  to 
the  abbey  of  Foucarmont  at  Dieppe,  including  one  from  his 
brother  William,  to  be  held  free  of  tolls  on  herrings,  mackerel, 
ling  (muleverorum)  from  "  melagia,^'  from  "  botagium,"  and  from' 
all  secular  dues. 

Testibus :  Waltero  de  Constantiis  thesaurario ;  magistro 
Joscelino  Ciscestrensi  archidiacono  ;  comite  Willelmo,  de 
Mandevilla ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo  ;  Alvredo  de  Sancto 
Martino.     Datum  apud  Beccum. 


'  ?"Canc[eUario]." 


ABBEY  OF  FOUCARMONT.  65 


[1181-1188.]        191.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  confirms 
[?  Jan,  1185.]    to  the  abbey   of  Foucarmont   certain   small    benefactions   in 
(Original  in  archives.  Normandy. 

Trans7i  12.)  '  Testibus :  H[ugone]  Dunelmensi  episcopo ;  Kanulf o  de  Glan villa ; 
Bertranno  de  Verdun ;  Hugone  de  Morewic  dapifero ;  Rannulfo 
de  Gedding'.     Apud  Merleburgam. 

[1185-9.]  192.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  "  et  comes  Augensis  "^  addressed 

(Vi'dmMs  in  archives,  generally.  He  confirms  to  the  abbey  of  Foucarmont  (Fuchardi- 
^  TranJ;^iio.f  ^"  ™onte)  the  gifts  of  Hugh  and  Rotrou,  archbishops  of  Rouen,  of 
Henry  count  of  Eu,  of  Reginald  de  Meduana  (confirmed  by 
charter  of  Richard  [de  Clare]  son  of  earl  Gilbert),  of  John 
count  of  Eu,  of  earl  Richard  [of  Pembroke],  confirmed  by  the 
countess  Isabel  [his  mother]  wife  of  earl  Gilbert  [of  Pembroke], 
of  Geoffrey  de  Augo,  by  consent  of  his  wife  Agnes,  his  son 
Luke  and  his  daughter  Ermengarde,  and  many  other  benefactors 
in  Normandy. 

Testibus :  B[aldwino]  Cantuariensi,  et  W[altero]  Rothoma- 
gensi  archiepiscopis ;  H[enrico]  Baiocensi,  J[ohanne]  Ebroicensi, 
R[adulfo]  Lexoviensi,  W[illelmo]  Constantiensi,  episcopis; 
comite  WUlelmo  de  Mandevilla ;  R[oberto]  comite  Legr[ecestrie] ; 
et  multi  alii  (sic),  Willelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Willelmo 
filio  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie;  Seherio  de  Quinci;  Hugone 
de  Cressi ;  R[oberto]  de  Harrelecort^  (sic) ;  Alvredo  de  Sancto 
Martino  ;  Willelmo  de  Mara.    Apud  Argent[onum]. 

1198.  193.  Charter  of  William  Marshal.     By  the  wish  and  with 

(Original,  sealed,  in  the  assent  of  Isabel  his  wife,  he  grants  the  gift  [specified]  which 
^'^''t^sIcs]"™'  ^^^^^  *^^  physician  has  made  to  the  abbey  of  Foucarmont  and 
Cartulary,  fo.  72<i.)  the  monks  there  serving  God  for  the  support  of  the  poor. 

Testibus :  magistro  Malgerio  thesaurario  Normannie ; 
Eustachio  capellano ;  Johanne  Marescallo,  Johanue  de 
Erleia,  Willelmo  Walerano,  militibus ;  Willelmo  de  Hercuria ; 
Osberto  camerario.  Actum  apud  Meullers,  anno  incarnationis 
domini  M°(f  nonagesimo  octavo. 

[Cire.  1 200.]         194.  Charter  of  William  Marshal,  earl  of  Pembroke  (Penbroc) 
(Cartulary,  fo.  161.)  addressed  generally.     Of  his  charity  he  gives  to  the  monks  of 
Foucarmont  a  quit-claim   of    three    shillings    and  four  pence 
of  Anjou  for  a  purchase  in  Orbec  (Aunbeccwm). 

His  testibus:  Willelmo  Martel;  Johanne  de  Erleia;  Alano 
Martel ;  Roberto  filio  Pagani ;  Henrico  Husato ;  Willelmo 
Ralerando,*  Willelmo  de  Herecort,  et  multis  aliis. 

1203,  31  May.       195.  Writ  of  John,  addressed  to  his  officers  generally  and 

(Original  in  archives,  specially  those  of  seaports.      He  grants  and  confirms  to  the 

Transf  i89.f ''^  "ionks  of  Foucarmont  {Focardi  Mons)  that  everything  that  they 

and  their  lay  brethren  can  declare  to  be  their  own  shall  be  quit, 

throughout  his  dominions,  of  toll  and  all  dues.     Ten  pounds 

penalty  for  infringement  of  this  grant. 

Teste  meipso  apud  Pontem  Arche  xxxj,  die  Mali  anno  regni 
nostri  quinto. 

'  These  words  not  in  Cartulary.  "  "  Harrewecort,"  in  Cartulary. 

'  Sic.  Bectius  :  "Walerando." 

e     92684.  "  E 


66 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  GEORGES  DE 
BOCHERVILLE, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE    MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OF    ROUEN. 

[Original   Documents   in    Archives    of   Seine    InfMeure. 
Cartulary  in  Public  Library  of  Rouen,  Y.  52,] 


1114.  196.  Charter^  of  Henry  I.    [as  king  of  the   English   anc 

(Cartulary,  fo.  58.  duke  of  the  Normans]  addressed  generally.  He  confirm! 
Trans.  31.)  ^^  y^^  ^^^^^  ^j  g^_  Georges  de  Bocherville  the  gifts  of  his 
father  king  William  and  his  mother  queen  Maud,  and  o: 
others  in  their  time,  including  Turstin  son  of  Rol  (sic),  Walte: 
de  Bee,  and  Ealf  [de  Tancarvilie]  his  father's  chief  chamberlain 
who  built  the  church  there  at  his  own  cost,  and  endowed  it 
also  William  de  Pa.vilHaco  and  Hugh  his  brother.  He  furthe: 
grants  all  that  the  sons  of  Ealf  [de  Tancarvilie],  Ralf, 'Nigel 
and  WiUiam,  and  Avicia  their  mother  gave  or  sold  to  the  church 
together  with  other  benefactions  including  those  of  Walter  d( 
Belmes  and  Robert  de  Cantelupo.  And  he  renews  his  father" 
grant  of  quittance  on  both  sides  the  sea. 

Afterwards,  in  the  year  1114,  William  [de  Tancarvilie]  hi 
chamberlain,  son  to  the  above  Ralf,  wishing  to  further  endo\ 
the  said  church,  besought  him  to  let  it  be  made  an  abbey,  t 
which  he  consented,  confirming  the  gifts  made  by  William  witl 
consent  of  his  sons  (sic)  Eabel,  and  Robert  and  Lucy  [gift 
enumerated].  And  in  England  he  gave  Avesbiria,  of  xxii 
pounds ;  in  Wintrebuma,  near  Salisbury,  vii.  pounds  of  ren 
(librarias),  that  is,  its  third  part ;  in  Cadecoma  a  rent  of  5' 
shillings.  Moreover,  the  king  himself  gives  the  church  of  Heilii 
as  R[ichard]  bishop  of  London  held  it,  and  as  William  [d 
Tancarvilie]  received  it  of  the  king's  gift,  and  the  land  c 
Weston  Ix.  pounds  of  rent  (librarias),  as  William  gave  it ;  also  th 
limd  which  G[eofFrey]  son  of  Payn  gave  it,  Ixx.  pounds  of  renti 
Avesbiria  and  Herebiria.  And  the  land  near  the  abbey  acquire 
by  exchange  is  to  be  as  free  as  that  given  for  it.  He  give 
moreover  rights  in  the  forest  of  Roumiire,  and  freedom  froi 
dues  on  both  sides  the  sea. 

[Signa]  Henrici  regis  Anglorum ;  Gaufridi  archiepisco] 
Rothomagi  (sic) ;  Johannis  episcopi  Lexoviensis ;  Rogerii  Coi 
stanciensis  episcopi ;  Willelmi  camerarii :  Rabelli  camerar 
filii ;  Godefridi  filli  Pagani ;  Ewardi  de  Salesberiis. 

1  Text  doubtful  in  its  present  form.        ^  "  ixii "  in  Cartulai;}'. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  GEORGES  DE  BOCHERVILLE.    67 


[?  1131.]  197.  Charter  of  Henry  I.,  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Cartulary,  fo.  62.  Rouen  and  others.  He  confirms  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Georges 
rans.  .)  ^^  Bocherville  (Panchervilla)  the  gifts  following :  those  [in 
Normandy]  of  Gfeofirey  son  of  Payn ;  twenty  shillings  sterling 
from  the  land  of  John  de  Buesemuncellis  in  England  ;  a  marc  of 
silver  from  the  land  of  Roger  de  Pavelli  in  England  ;  a  marc  of 
silver  from  the  land  of  Walter  de  Crasmaisnil  in  England;  and 
ten  shillings  of  Rouen  (Bothomag')  from  the  land  of  Geofirey 
de  Limesi,  and  twelve  shillings  from  the  land  of  Miles  de 
Languetot,  from  a  tenant  (hostagio)  of  his  in  Tr^port  (ulterinis 
portihihs),  and  twelve  shillings  from  the  land  of  William  de 
Freschenis,  from  two  of  his  vavassors  at  Eslettes  (Lecdis),  as  all 
these  gifts  have  been  made  by  permission  of  Rabel  de  Tancharvilla, 
his  chamberlain. 

Testibus :  Johanne  Lexoviensi  episcopo,  et  Roberto  de  Haia, 
et  Gaufrido  filio  Pagani  [et  metetariam  quam  dedit  Gibertus.]^ 
Apud  Archas  in  transitu  meo. 

[Circ.  1129.]  198.  Writ  of  Henry  I.  [as  king  of  the  English  and  duke 
(Cartulary,  fo.  6 Id.  of  the  Normans],  addressed  to  his  vicowdes  and  bailiffs 
rans.  .)  (ministri)  of  Lillebonne  and  Oonteville.  The  monk  of  St. 
Martin  is  to  eujoy  the  benefaction  of  his  father  king  William, 
namely  four  pounds  in  the  vicoTute  of  Lillebonne  (Juliahone) ; 
and  his  boat  is  to  enjoy  the  same  freedom  on  the  Risle  and  at 
Risledif  as  in  the  time  of  king  William. 

Testibus :  Roberto  de  sigillo ;  Willelmo  camerario,  et  G[auf  rido] 
filio  Pagani.    Apud  Sanctam  Walburgam. 

[1115-1129.]  199.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  generally.  He  grants  to 
(Original in  archives,  q^q  abbey  of  St.  Georges  de  Bocherville  (Bauquervilht),  in  all 
Trans.'si  48.) '  ^^^  ^^'^'^  '^^  both  sides  of  the  sea,  that  all  its  own  goods  shall 
be  free  of  tolls  and  other  dues  throughout  his  demesne,  and 
in  [traversing]  forests  or  markets,  and  on  the  river  Seine,  and 
in  seaports.  In  England  its  men  are  to  be  quit  of  shire  and 
hundred  courts,  hidage^  and  all  other  claims  at  Avebury 
(Avesberia)  and  Weston,  which  belonged  to  his  demesne,  and 
from  all  other  dues. 

Testibus  :  Bernardo  episcopo  de  Sancto  D[avid]*  et  Johanne 
Lexoviensi  episcopo,  et  Willelmo  camerario  de  Tanquarvilla,  et 
G[aufrido]  filio  Pagani.     Apud  Winton[iam].* 

[1115-1129.]  200.  Charter  of  Henry  I  [as  king  of  the  English  and  duke 
(Cartulary,  fo.  64.  of  the  Normans]  addressed  generally.  He  grants  to  the  new 
Trans.  35.)  abbey  of  St.  Georges  de  Bocherville  {Bauquervilla)  his  part  of 
Bemeval,  in  the  further  part  of  his  forest  of  Fecamp,  that  the 
monks  may  possess  it  and  have  what  they  need  from  the  forest 
of  Fecamp,  together  with  quittance  for  one  ship  at  Estrutart. 
as  William  the  chamberlain  de  Tanquarvilla  used  to  have  of 
his  own  right,  which  right  he  gave  the  monks  by  the  king's 
permission.      The  abbey  is  to  have  full  jurisdiction  over  its 

■  The  words  here  placed  within  brackets  are  an  evident  interpolation. 
■?  Cart.  :  "  hilgadagiis."       '  Tratif.  9,i  :  "  S'"  desid."       "  Cart. :  "  Wmtone. 

E   2 


68  ABBEY  OF  ST.  GEORGES  DE  BOCHERVILLE. 

[1115-1129.]  ~ 

men  in  that  port,  and  wreckage  (werec)  whosesoever  it  may  be 
and  its  tenants  there  are  to  enjoy  the  same  liberties  by  lan( 
and  in  seaports  as  the  king's  demesne  tenants  at  Estrutart. 

Testibus :  Johanne  episcopo  Lexoviensi,  et  B[ernardo]  episcop( 
de  Sancto  D[avid],i  et  Drochone  de  Monci,  et  Willelmt 
camerario  de  Tanquarvilla,  et  Gaufrido  filio  Pagani.  Apuc 
Eothomagum. 

[1151-1154.]  201.  Charter  of  Henry  duke  of  the  Normans  and  coun 
(Cartulary,  fo.  62.  of  the  Angevins,  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of  Rouen,  and  al 
Trans.  98.)  j^j^  officers  of  Normandy.  He  gives  to  Roscehn  son  o: 
Claremboud  for  his  service,  all  the  land  of  Longchamp  on  th( 
edge  (orailla)  of  the  forest  of  Roumare,  &c,  to  be  held  by  hin 
and  his  heirs  of  the  duke  and  his  heirs,  hereditarily  ;  and  hi 
tenants  there  shall  have  dead  wood  without  payment,  and  b( 
free  of  all  dues  of  the  forest. 

Testibus :  Ricardo  can[cellario] ;  Widone  de  Sabloil^ ;  Jos 
lendetar'3  (sic) ;  Alexandro  de  Bohon :  Gaufrido  de  Bruec[ort] 
Apud  Rothomagura. 

[1156-1162.]        202.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  repeating  that  to  Roscelin  son  o 
(Cartulary,  fo.  63</.  Claremboud  (No.  201). 

Trans.  99.)  Testibus  :    Thoma  can[cellario] ;    episcopo   (sic)   Ebroicensi 

Roberto  de  Novoburgo;  Alexandro  de  Bohun.  Apu< 
Rothomagum. 

[1156-1159.]        203.  Charter  of  the  empress   Mathildis,  daughter  of  kinj 

(Cartulary,  fo.  62.  Henry.     She  gives  the  abbey  of  St.  Georges  de  Bocherville  tha 

rans.  19  .)       ^^^^  which  Roscelin  son  of  Claremboud  has  given  it  by  he 

wish  and  permission,  namely  that  land  of  Longchamp  (Longu 

Campus)   which   is  on  the  edge   (in   oralli)  of   the  forest  o 

Roumare,  &c. 

Testibus :  Godardo  de  Waus ;  Roberto  filio  Henrici ;  Bemei 
Comin.     Apud  Pratum. 

[1156-1159.]        204.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  o 

(Cartulary,  fo.  62rf.  Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of   Normandy.     He  grants  to  th 

Trans.  103.)       ^^^^^^  ^^  g^  Georges  de  Bocherville  the  gift  of  Godard  de  Waus 

namely  60  acres  of  land  in  the  forest  of  Fecamp,  which  h 

himself    had   given    Godard;   also    the   gift    of    Roscelin  soi 

of  Claremboud,  namely  the  land  of  Longchamp  (as  in  No.  203^ 

Testibus :    Rodberto    de    Novoburgo ;    Manasse  (sic)  Biset 

Godardo  de  "Waus.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

[1156-1166.]       205.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  William  de  Morenvill 

(Original  in  archives,  and    his  bailiffs   of  Montfort  the   abbey  of   St.  Georges  [d 

^^ranlie'.)^*"    BocherviUe]   is  to  have  its  port  of  MoUecroste  and  its  roa 

from  Chaumont  (Galvvmons),  to  MoUecroste  as  in  his  grand 

father's  time,  and  the  sumpters  (summarii)  or  carts  of  tha 

port  are  not  to  be  stopped  on  the  road. 

Teste  Mann[assero]*.  Biset  dapifero.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

1  Trans. :  "  St.  desiderio."     Cart :  "  Sancto  dd."  ^  Trans.  :  "  Sabruel." 

3  Bectius  ;  .Toslen[o]  de  Tur[onis].        *  "  Manessier  "  in  Cartulary. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  GEORGES  DE  BOCHERVILLE.       69 


[1166-1166.]        206.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  Simon  de  Chailli  and 

^^*  Tran^gT*^  ^*"  *'^®  ^^ailiffs  of  Pavilly.    The  abbey  of  St.  fieorges  [de  Bocherville] 

rans     .)        j^  ^^  j^^^^  ^yi  j^g  demesne  of  Lamberville  {Lambertivilla)  and  ajl 

its  tithes  according  to  his  grandfather's  charter,  and  is  not  to  be 

unjustly  impleaded  or  subjected  to  a  new  exaction. 

Teste  Mannassero  Biset.     Apud  Eothomagura. 

[1156-1166.]        207.  Writ    of    Henry   II.    addressed    to    his   pr^vdts     of 

(Cartulary,  fo.  63d.  Estrutart  (Strutatum).     The  abbey  of  St.  Georges  is  to  have 

Trans.  100.)       quittance  for  its  ship  and  the  other  quittances  which  it  enjoyed 

in  the  time  of  his  grandfather.     Reginald  de  Gerpunvilla  is  to 

see  to  this  if  they  do  not,  and  the  king's  justice  if  he  do  not. 

Teste  Manassero  Biset  dapifero.     Apud  Kothomagum. 

[1155-1166.]  208.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  The 
(Cartulary,  fo.  63.  abbot  and  monks  of  St.  Georges  de  Bocherville  and  their 
Trans.  101.)  officers  are  to  enjoy  the  same  quittances  as  in  the  days  of 
his  grandfather ;  and  its  tenants  in  England  are  to  have  the 
same  freedom  from  shire  [courts]  and  hundred  [courts]  and 
hidage  and  all  else  as  in  the  days  of  his  grandfather  and  of 
William  the  chamberlain  de  Tancarvilla  when  Aveberia  and 
Vestona  were  his,  and  [when]  he  received  them  from  the  king 
and  afterwards  gave  them,  by  his  permission,  to  the  abbey. 

Testibus :  P[atricio]  comite ;  Manasse[ro]  Biset  dapifero,  et 
Gaufrido  decano  Andegavensi^ ;  Magistro  Alver[edo].  Apud 
Clarendonam. 

r?  1173.1  209.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.      He  gives 

(Cartulary,  fo.  63.  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Georges  de  Bocherville  freedom  from  all 
Trans.  102.)       ^ues  on  its  own  goods  throughout  his  dominions. 

Testibus :  Roberto^  de  Warnevilla  canceUario ;  Waltero  de 
Constantiis;  Sehier  de  Quinci;  Roberto  de  Stotevilla.  Apud 
Juliambonam. 

[?  1180.]  210.  Charter   of    Henry   II.   generally  confirming    to   the 

(Cartulary,  fo.  66.)  abbey  of  St.  Georgesde  Bocherville  all  its  possessions,  including 
in  England,  22  Ubrates  in  Avesb[er]ia,  in  Witeburna  near 
Salisbury  7  librates,  that  is  the  third  of  the  vill,  in  Cadecoma 
fifty  shillings  of  rent ;  also  by  gift  of  king  Henry  [I.]  the  church 
of  Ailes  with  all  its  appurtenances,  as  R[ichard]  bishop  of 
London  held  it,  as  free  as  William  [de  Tancarvilla]  received  it 
by  gift  of  king  Henry  ;  also,  of  the  same  king's  gift  9  librates 

at  Weston  etc and  20  librates  at  Aveberia  and 

Bereberia  which  Geofirey  son  of  Payn  gave  to  St.  Georges. 

Testibus :  Radulfo  de  Wand[er]vila^  canceUario ;  magistro 
Waltero  de  Constantiis  Oxinfordensi  archidiacono ;  WiUelmo 
Painel  Abrincatensi  archidiacono ;  comite  Johanne  Vindoc[ini] ; 
Roberto    de    Stutevilla*;    WiUelmo     filio    Radulfi    senescallo 


1  Said  to  have  died  or  resigned  1162.         '  Bectius :  E[adu]fo]. 
3  Eectius  :  "  Wadnevilla."  ■*  firmarius  of  Lillebone  in  1 180. 


70  ABBEY  OF  ST.  GEORGES  DE  BOCHERVILLE. 

[?  1180.] 

Normaanie ;  Hugoae  de  Cressi ;  Ricardo  del  Aufoy ;  Gilleberto 
Pipard  ;  Bertramo  de  Verdon ;  Saherio  de  Quinci ;  Willelmo  de 
Mara  •  Reginaldo  de  Pavilleio.     Apud  Juliambonam. 

[N.  D.]  211.  Charter   of   Evrard   de  Salesbiriis.      He   gives  to    St. 

(Cttrtuiary,  fo.  ind.)  Georges  de  Bocherville  (Bauquervilla)  and  the  monks  there 
serving  God,  in  alms,  for  his  soul  and  for  the  souls  of  his 
predecessors  certain  men  [named]  and  their  rents. 

Isti  interfuerant ;  Augustinus  de  ,Crasmenil;  Robertus 
Acharius ;  Rainaldus ;  Robertus  propositus ;  Robertus  forestarius, 
et  alii. 

[Temp.  Hen.  II.]  212.  Charter  of  Robert  de  Estotevilla,  notifying  that  Evrard 
(Cartulary,  fo.  112.)  de  Salesberiis  had  given  the  abbey  of  St.  Georges  de  Bocherville 
(Bauquervilla)  50  shillings  in  perpetual  rents  from  the  tenants 
{haspites)  at  Rames,  and  that  he,  Robert,  at  the  prayer  of  the 
monks  and  of  his  wife  Leonia,  has  given  the  monks,  instead,  a 
rentcharge  of  50  shillings  on  his  mill  called  the  mill  of  the 
lucky  ones  {fortunatonmi)  on  the  bank  of  Biuredan.  And  the 
monks  are  to  receive  him  and  his  wife  and  his  into  the 
fellowship  of  the  abbey. 

Testibus  hiis :  Gaufrido  abbate  de  Valemont ;  Nicholao 
fratre  ejus,  et  Willelmo  et  Ricardo  fratribus  suis ;  Theobaldo 
de  Esiustoc,  et  Waltero  de  Castellon ;  Johanne  de  Mara,  et  multis 
aliis. 

[1189,  7  Oct.]  213.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  confirms 
(Original  in  archives,  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Georges  de  Bocherville  its  liberties  and 
Tran?'i47.')^  quittances  throughout  all  his  land  on  both  sides  the  sea.  And 
its  tenants  and  the  monks  themselves  are  to  be  quit  in  England 
of  shire  [courts]  and  hundred  [courts]  and  hidages  and  all  other 
demands  at  Aveberia  and  Weston,  which  were  of  his  great- 
grandfather king  Henry's  demesne. 

Testibus :  Will[elmo]i  {sic)  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo ; 
H[ugone]^  Dunolmensi,  Johanne  Ebroicensi  episcopis ;  Willelmo 
de  Aubigni  comite  de  Arondel ;  Willelmo  Marescallo ;  Willelmo 
de  Sancto  Johanne.  Datum  per  manum  Willelmi  de  Longocampo 
cancellarii  nostri,  Elyensis  electi.  Apud  Westmonasterium,  vii" 
die  Octobris,  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 

1198,  18  Ma3^  214.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
''^"!»!r<f'''i'7^i  \^^'  ^'^  *^^®  abbey  of  St.  Georges  de  Bocherville  and  its  monks  all  the 
gifts  made  to  them,  with  liberties  and  quittances  throughout  his 
land  on  both  sides  the  sea,  namely  in  seaports  and  on  the  Seine, 
and  in  the  city  of  Rouen  quittances  from  toll  and  the  wine  tax 
and  all  other  dues,  and  green  wood,  herbage,  and  pannage  in 
the  forest  of  Roumare  and  quittance  in  all  castles,  towns  (burgis), 
markets,  passages,  and  ports  on  both  sides  the  sea,  with  the 
tithe  of  the  forest  of  Montebourg  in  all  its  revenue,  and  the 

1  Sic  in  Cartulary ;  but  «  Waltero "  rightly  in  Trana.,  which  is  taken  from 
original. 

2  Trans.  :  "Henrico." 


Trans.  174.) 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  GEOEGES  DE  BOCHERVILLE.   71 

1198. 

tithe  of  all  the  revenue  of  the  forest  of  Lillebonne  and  of 
Fecamp,  and  of  the  port  of  Tancarville  and  other  gifts.  He 
directs  also  that  the  abbey's  manors  in  England,  namely, 
Avesberia,  Wintreborna,  and  Veston  shall  enjoy  their  freedom 
from  shire  [courts],  hundred  [courts],  hidages,  themghepen[i],^ 
and  danegheld  and  all  else. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Johanne  Dublinensi  archiepiscopo ;  Herberto 
Saresbiriensi,  Philippo  Dunelmensi  [episcopis] ;  Johanne  comite 
Moritonii ;  Willelmo  Marescallo  ;  Gaufrido  iilio  Petri ;  Gaufrido 
de  Cella ;  Rogone  de  Saceio ;  Willelmo  de  Mortuomari.  Datum 
per  manum  Eustachii  Eliensis  episcopi.  Apud  Gemeticas  xviii" 
die  Maii,  anno  regni  nostri  nono.^ 

'  "  Toinghepen  [i]  "  in  Cartulary. 
"  An  original  of  this  charter  exists  in  the  archives.    The  seal  is  engraved  in 
Deville's  Essai    .     .    .    siir  I'Eglise  et  I'ahbaye  de  Saint  Georges-de-Bocherville 
(1827). 


72 


ABBEY  OF  BONDEVILLE, 

FOR  CISTERCIAN  NUNS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE     OP     ROUEN. 

{Cartulary^  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Inferieurc] 


1149,  Sept. 

(Cartulary,  fo.  43.) 


215.  Charter  of  the  empress  M[athildis]  daughter  of  king 
Henry,  addressed  to  all  her  officers  of  Normandy.  For  the 
souls  of  her  father  Heury  king  of  England  {AngL')  and  her 
mother  queen  Matildis,  and  her  husband  Geoffry  duke  of 
Normandy  and  count  of  Anjou,  she  gives  in  perpetual  alms  to 
the  abbey  of  St.  Mary  of  Bondeville  and  the  nuns  there  serving 
God  all  her  demesne  in  the  parish  of  Bellavilla,  in  homage, 
reliefs,  rents,  and  all  else,  that  is,  from  the  whole  fee  of  Hugh 
de  Bellavilla,  to  be  held  feudally  and  in  inheritance  by  the 
abbey,  &c 

Actum  anno  domini  Mocc  (sic)  XL"  nono,  mense  se[p]tembris 
assensu  et  voluntate  mea.  Testes  sunt :  Amicus  Rothomagensis 
ecclesie  thesaurarius ;  Waleran  de  Mellote  arcbidiaconus ; 
Petrus  cantor ;  Helias  sacerdos ;  Robertus  capellanus ;  magister 
Ricardus ;  Gydo  Ebroicensis  ecclesie  arcbidiaconus ;  Willelmus 
de  Riparia ;    Walterus   de   Casten'io  ;   Walterus   de   Gornaco ; 

Helias  de  Casnic  (?)  ;  Ricardus  de  Cornouale  ; 

Radulfus  filius  Walteri ;  Giroudus  canonicus,  et  plures  alii. 

216.  Charter  of  the  empress  M[athildis],  daughter  of  king 
Henry,  addressed  to  all  her  officers  of  Normandy.  For  the 
souls  of  her  father,  Henry  king  of  England,  and  her  mother, 
queen  Matildis,  and  her  husband  (dominus)  Geoffi^ey,  duke  of 
Normandy  and  count  of  Anjou,  she  gives  in  perpetual  alms  to 
the  abbey  of  St.  Mary  of  Bondeville,  and  the  nuns  there  serving 
God,  30  acres  of  land  in  the  forest  of  Roumare  (Romara),  namely 
the  land  called  the  field  of  Turgerius,  and  pasture  in  the  forest 
for  their  cattle  and  quittance  of  pannage  for  their  swine  and  all 
that  they  need  for  fuel,  to  be  held  for  ever,  as  of  her  own  alms. 

Hiis  testibus:  Huberto  de  Vallibus;  Willermo  de  Heliam; 
Stephano  de  Belocampo ;  Roberto  filio  Henrici ;  Roberto  de 
Hornay  (sic).    Apud  Rothomagum. 

[1182-1189.]        217.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.      He  con- 

(Cartulary  fo.  39.  firms  to  the  abbey  of  Bondeville  and  its  nuns  all  the  gifts  made 

Trans.   0  .)       ^  ^^^^^  [specified]  including  in  the  forest  of  Roumare  the  land 

'  Late  IStli  century  transcript. 


[Circ.  1149.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  11. 
Trans.  19G.) 


ABBEY  OF  BONDEVILLE.  73 


[1182-1189.] 

called  the  field  of  Turgerius  given  by  Mathildis  the  empress  for 
the  love  of  God  and  for  the  souls  of  her  father  king  Henry  and 
her  mother  queen  Mathildis  and  her  husband  Geoffrey  duke  of 
Normandy  and  count  of  Anjou,  also  20  shillings  of  Anjou  a 
year,  at  Bolebec,  given  by  John  de  Pratellis  and  10  acres  at 
Varengeville  (Varengiervilla),  given  by  Robert  de  Candos,  a 
load  of  wheat  every  Michaelmas  at  the  new  mill,  which  belongs 
to  (in  revenu'a  de)  Harecourt,  given  by  Richard  Talebot  and 
William  his  brother. 

Testibus :  Johanne  Ebroicensi  episcopo ;  Willelmo  filio 
Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie  ;  comite  Willelmo  de  Mannevilla ; 
Hugone  de  Cressi ;  Johanne  .  .  .  Ric[ardo]  Giffart.  Apud 
Rothomagum. 

[1166-1183.]        218.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed   generally.     He  con- 
(Cartulary,  fo.  3.    firms  to  the  abbey   of  Bondeville  and   its   nuns  100  acres  of 
Trans.  105.)       ^g^^^  ^^   Mont   Chauvet   (monto   calvel)  given   by  Gilbert   de 
Roures. 

Teste  Rotrodo  archiepiscopo,  apud  Rothomagum. 


74 


PRIORY  OF  ST.  FAITH,  LONGUEVILLE, 

FOR  CLUNIAC   MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE      OP     ROUEN. 

[Original  Boeuonents  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Inf^rieure.] 


[1106-1109.]  219,  Charter  of  Henry  I.  (as  king  of  the  English  and  duke 
(.Original  in  archives,  of  the  Normans)  addressed  generally.  He  confirms  to  the 
Trans.  42.)  priory  of  Longueville  the  gifts  of  William  II.  at  Boisrohard 
{Boscum  Rohardi),  and  of  Walter  GifFard  at  Longueville  and 
elsewhere  with  the  tithe  of  the  whole  fee  of  Walter  Giffard 
and  of  Walter  de  Avesnes,  and — of  the  gift  of  Koger  son  of 
Richard — the  hermitage  in  the  forest  .of  Aliermont,  with  other 
gifts ;  and  in  England,  Newton-Longueville  {Niwentona)  and 
Horwood  (Horowlda)  and  the  neighbouring  wood,  and  their 
churches  with  tithes  and  appurtenances,  the  church  of  Whaddon 
(Wadona),  the  churches  of  Witchingham  (WichinghehaTn)  and 
of  Weston  with  appurtenances  and  the  tithes  of  Sonobome, 
Singleberghe,  Hadelesdone,  Brichelle,  Blechelai,  Molossou,  Loco- 
tone,  Bradielle,  Fulcossord[e],  Liticote,  Buchingheham,  Mortone, 
Lamporte,  Lingenest[one],  Aq[ue]leie,  Becchereton[e],  a  virgate  at 
Maulden  (Meldona)  with  the  tithe  of  the  demesne,  and  every- 
thing they  possess  in  England.  They  and  their  officers  are  also 
to  be  free  of  toll  and  all  dues  on  goods  for  their  own  use.  And 
they  may  found  leaden  vessels  for  their  own  use  in  their  house, 
and  carry  on  freely  all  industries  (artes). 

Hoc  autem  actum  est  in  curia  Henrici  Regis,  prsesente  magno 
procerum  conventu  apud  Rothomagum.  Testificante  [rege]  ipso  ; 
regina ;  Symone  comite ;  Rogero  filio  Ricardi ;  Willelmo  de 
Alben[eio]  cum  multis  aliis. 

[C'irc.  1130.]  220.  Charter  of  William  de  Garenne.  He  gives  to  the  priory 
(Ungmal,  sealed,  in  of  Longueville  (Longavilla)  one  tenant  (hospitem)  at  Dunum  of 
Trans.  418.)  ^^^  ^^e  of  Walter  de  Brotevilla  quit  of  everything  due  to  him- 
self, namely,  aid,  tallage,  work,  dues,  and  all  other  service.  And 
if  he  should  take  anything  of  the  kind  from  Walter's  land,  he 
quitclaims  him  of  the  proportion  belonging  to  the  land  of  that 
tenant.  This  grant  was  made  at  Bracquetuit,  at  the  request 
and  entreaty  of  William  de  Tmblevilla,  who  gave  that  tenant, 
with  all  his  holding,  to  the  abbey. 

Teste  Ysabel  comitissa  uxore  eomitis  et  Willelmo  et  -Radulf  o 
filiis  eorum,  qui  hoe  idem  concesserunt ;  Willelmo  de  Criketot, 


PRIOKY  OF  LONGUEVILLE.  75 


[Circ.  1 130.] 

et  Widone  pincerna  ;  Willelmo  filio  Gulberti ;  Geraldo  capellano  ; 
Radulfo  clerico  de  Roseto ;  Waltero  presbitero  de  Braketoit ; 
Waltero  de  Grinnosevilla ;  Willelmo  de  Malcobla;  Thoma  de 
Busli,  et  Osberto  coco,  et  multis  aliis. 

[^Ante  1164.J  221.  Charter  of  Walter  Giffard,  earl  of  Bucchingeham.  He 
(Originalin  archives,  gives  to  John,  son  of  John  the  chamberlain,  for  his  service, 
Trans.  460.)  that  house  with  its  [right  of]  hostelry  Qiostillagiwm)  and  all  its 
appurtenances,  at  Longueville,  which  belonged  to  his  father, 
in  fee  and  inheritance  to  him  and  his  heirs,  free  from  all 
service,  for  sixpence  Roumois  (Romeisienses)  annual  rent,  for 
recognition,  at  Christmas. 

Teste  comitissa  E[rmengarde]  ;  Reginald©  dapifero  tunc  de 
Gerburvilla;  Robbertode  Novavillajuniore;  Willelmo  Cokerel ; 
Robberto  de  Buivilla  ;  Waltero  Engaine  ;  Galfrido  de  Bleivilla  ; 
Willelmo  de  Bensevilla ;  Willelmo  de  Hunfranvilla ;  Petro  de 
Appelgat[e] ;  Robberto  de  Osvilla  ;  Ricardo  Costardo ;  Hugdn&' 
coquo. 

[Ante  1164.]  222.  Charter  of  Walter  Giffard,  earl  of  Bocchingeham,  giving 
(Original,  sealed,  in  in  alms  for  ever  to  the  priory  of  Longueville  all  that  he  has  in 
Trans  "70^  demesne  at  Neuville  ('ri.ot;a  villa)  and  Polet  and  Puit,  except 
what  he  is  shown  to  have  given  to  the  Temple,  and  what 
Hugh  holds  there  of  his  gift,  free  of  all  secular  service ;  and  at 
Longueville,  all  the  word  of  Hairons  as  far  as  the  wood  of  the 
sick  folk, 

Testibus^ :  comitissa  E[rmengarde] ;  Reginaudo  de  Gerburvilla 
tunc  dapifero ;  Gisleberto,  et  Roberto  de  Caneio,  capellanis ; 
Ada  clerico  de  Essendone ;  ilatheo  de  Girardivilla ;  Willelmo 
Calcensi;  Aldulfo  de  Guerres ;  Roberto  de  No  villa  juniore; 
Willelmo  Cokerel ;  Roberto  de  Buivilla ;  Gaufrido  de  Blivilla. 

(Original  in  archives.  223.  Charter  of  William  Marshal,  earl  of  Pembroke,  inspecting 
Trans.  471.)  ^^^^  confirming  the  sealed  charter  of  Walter  Giffard  earl  of 
Bukkingham,  as  follows : — 
[Circ.  1150.]  Charter  of  Walter  Giffard  earl  of  Bukkinghame,  giving  and 
confirming  to  the  priory  of  Longueville,  and  the  monks  there 
serving  God,  all  that  his  father  Walter  Giffard  and  his  mother 
Agnes  have  given  them  for  their  souls  and  that  he,  Walter 
Giffard  and  Ermengarde  his  wife  have  given  them  for  their 
souls,  namely,  all  Horwda,  except  the  fee  of  Durand,  and  the 
church  and  the  tithe  of  the  demesne,  the  church  of  Waddone 
and  tithe  ef  the  demesne,  and  the  tithes  of  wood,  pannage,  and 
fishpool,  and  of  all  the  profits  of  his  wood,  and  free  pasture  for 
all  the  monks'  stock  as  for  his  own,  within  wood  and  without ; 
all  Newenton  similarly,  except  the  fee  of  Odo  and  their  privileges 
in  his  wood  of  Waddon,  namely,  all  they  need  for  building, 
enclosing,  or  firing,  and  for  their  men  likewise,  and  pasture  in 
his  wood  for  the  flocks  of  his  men,  paying  him  annually  a 
measure   of  oats  as   was   arranged   in  his  mother's   time;   at 

1  Trans. :  "  Teste." 


76  PEIORY  OF  LONGUEVILLE. 

[Girc.  1150.]  ~~ 

Weston  all  that  his  father  held  there,  and  the  church  with  the 
tithe  of  the  demesne  ;  and  at  Wichinghame,  all  that  his  father 
held,  except  the  fee  of  William  and  Ralf  de  Leonibus  and  of 
Boterius,  the  church  of  St.  Mary  of  Wichinghame  and  the  tithe 
of  the  demesne,  and  in  the  same  vill  the  church  of  St.  Faith :  and 
the  land  of  Eetollahage,  the  land  also  of  Reppes,  which  renders 
10,000  herrings,  and  quittance  of  the  corrody  {procurationis) 
due  to  him  at  Witchinghame  ;  at  Norwich,  the  church  of  the 
Holy  Trinity  and  St.  John ;  all  Akileia,  with  its  appurtenances 
in  wood  and  plain,  and  the  church  with  the  tithe  of  the  demesne  ; 
the  church  of  Herlenton  with  the  tithe  of  the  demesne,  and  one 
tenant  (hospite) ;  the  tithe  of  the  demesne  and  one  tenant  at 
Bothingeshame,  and  the  same  at  Mandone  ;  for  the  monks' 
infirmary,  the  church  of  Withame,  with  the  tithe  of  the 
demesne  ;  the  vill  of  Haney  and  all  his.  rights  there,  except  the 
fee  of  William  Cokerele  and  Robert  de  Beville,  given  him  for 
his  service ;  the  church  of  Haney  with  tithe  of  the  demesne, 
and  in  greater  Haney,  two  men,  Hugh  and  Tokin,  paying  20 
shillings  a  year ;  all  the  demesne  tithes,  also,  of  Buldsinghame, 
Morton,  Burton,  Langeporte,  Lillingestane,  Lechamestede,  Becc- 
hainton,  Singleberge,  Bratewelle,  Locton,  Moleshou,  Blecheley, 
Dorton,  Hesington,  Edingarve,  Polingtote,  Achecote,  Dunmave, 
Fulkelwrthe,  Ramerton,  Echikeshande  ;  to  the  hospital  for  poor 
folk  at  Longueville,  what  they  have  given  themselves  to  the 
monks,  the  church  of  Stokobi,  with  the  tithes  of  the  desmesne, 
the  church  of  Starton,  and  all  the  tithes  of  Ravershame,  etc. 
.  .  .  .  And  if  the  monks'  men  should  ever  incur  forfeiture, 
the  proceeds  shall  go  to  the  monks. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Helia  GiflF[ardo] ;  Hugone  de  Huers^ ;  Willelmo 
de  Redehame  ;  Godefrido  Buteri  ;  Eustagio  de  Bordingeshame ; 
Anteme  de  Poyvile ;  Bemerio  de  Horwde  ;  Pagano^  de  Dorton ; 
Girardo  de  Gremevilla ;  Willelmo  Anglico. 

[Ante  1164.]  224,  Charter  of  earl  Walter  Gifiard  addressed  to  all  his  men 
(Original  in  archives. French  and  English.  For  the  souls  of  his  father  and  mother 
Trans.  468.)  ^^^  q£  ^y^  j^jg  other  frieuds,  and  for  the-  weal  of  his  soul  and 
[that]  of  the  countess  Ermengard  his  spouse,  he  grants  to  the 
priory  of  Longueville  and  the  monks  there  serving  God  that 
if  their  men  offend  (forisfecerint)  against  his  own,  his  men 
shall  go  into  the  monks'  court  to  obtain  right  there  ;  and  if  his 
men  offend  against  the  monks'  men  they  shall  do  right  to  the 
monks'  men  in  his  court ;  and  in  confirmation  and  witness  of 
this  liberty  [being]  given  them,  he  restores  to  them  36  shillings, 
which  he  had  taken  from  their  men. 

Testes  :  comitissa  Ermengardis ;  Gillebertus  Delaplace ; 
Goefridus  de  Bleville  ;  magister  Ricardus  capellanus  ;  magister 
Albricus ;  Adam  de  Essendone ;  Gislebertus  elemosinarius ; 
Gislebertus  de  Hotot ;  Alveredus  de  Belencumbre ;  Helias  de 
Longolio ;   Wilielmus   Calceius  ;    Aldulf us   de   Guerris ;   Helias 

'  Beetius  :  "Nuers  "  (iiier  i{«6eMs,  p.  312).  ^  Trans.  ;  "  Pape." 


[Ante  1164.] 


PRIORY  OF    LONGUEVILLE.  77 


Hachet ;  Ricardus  Engaigne  ;  Audulfus  de  Bracheio ;  Walterus 
Siluvanus ;  Antelmus  de  Montaneio  ;  Teobaldus  de  Frauxinis  ; 
Willelmus  Cocherel ;  Reinaldus  de  Longolio. 


[1155,  225.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  confirms 

Girc.  29  Sept.]  to  the  priory  of  Longueville  (Longavilla)  the  gifts  of  his  grand- 
(Original,  sealed,  in  father  king  Henry,  and  that  of  William  II.  and  those  of  Walter 
Traus.m.)  Gifiard,  with  the  land  which  earl  Giffard  (sic)  gave  to  Robert 
son  of  Gilbert,  the  tithe  of  the  fee  of  Walter  de  CanteI[upo], 
two  tenants  (homines)  on  the  fee  of  earl  Warenne,  one  given 
by  William  de  Oantel[upo],  the  gifts  of  William  de  Neiville, 
and  of  Robert  de  Neiville  for  the  soul  of  Maud  his  wife, 
of  Adolf  de  Braci,  of  Jordan  de  Saukevilla,  of  Robert  son  of 
Hugh  de  Gundevilla  [of  the  fee  of  Walter  Giffard],  and  of 
Gilbert  de  Gundevilla,  of  Reinier  de  Euermou',  of  Ralph  de 
Trublevilla,  of  Walter  de  Criuil,  of  land  held  from  Gilbert  de 
Cantel[upo],  of  Gilbert  Ridel  and  of  others.  In  England,  of  the 
gift  of  Walter  Giffard,  Horwood  (Horewdam),  with  its  appurten- 
ances, except  the  fee  of  Durand,  all  Newton-Longville  (Newetona) 
except  the  fee  of  Odo,  all  that  Walter  Giffard  had  at  Weston 
with  the  church  and  its  appurtenances,  and  whatever  he  had  in 
demesne  at  Witchingham  (Wichingham)  except  the  fee  of 
William  and  Ralph  de  Leonibus  and  of  Botrec,  the  monks  to  be 
free  of  the  corrody  which  Walter  had  reserved  to  himself  there, 
and  which  his  son  quit-claimed  afterwards,  and  the  land  of 
Retolvehagh  with  the  church  and  tithe  of  the  demesne  of 
Soulbery  (Soleburn')  and  of  Mursley  (Merselai)  and  of  Single- 
borough  (Singlesbergh)  and  of  Battlesden  (Badeleshcyn'),  of 
Brickhill  (Brikella),  of  Bletchley(5ZaccAeZai),  Moulsoe  (Bulehou'), 
Loughton  (Lugtona),  Littlecote  (Litecota),  Buckingham,  Maids 
Moreton  (if oriiwia),  Lamport  (Ziamporit6s),Lillingstone  (Lilinge- 
stan),  Akeley,  Beachampton  (Bechantona),  Bradwell,  Folksworth 
(Fuchowrda),  Policott  (Policota),  Chilton,  Wooton  Underwood 
(Vittona),  Dorton,  Winchendon  (Wickendona),  Leckhampstead, 
Long  Crendon,  Kametona,  Ehikisham,  Achetona,  Clitona,  Adden- 
grave  (Adingrava),  Yardley  (Jerdislaia),  Bottisham  (Bodinge- 
skam)  with  a  tenant  there,  the  church  of  Hertlent  and  the  tithe 
of  the  demesne,  with  one  tenant,  the  church  of  Stratton  for  the 
use  of  the  hostelry  (hostellaria),  the  chapel  of  the  Holy  Trinity 
at  Norwich,  the  tithe  of  the  demesne  of  Caversham,  at  West 
Hanney  two  tenants  (komines),  the  land  of  Repps  (Reppis) 
which  renders  ten  thousand  herrings,  Akeley  with  all  its 
appurtenances,  the  tithe  of  the  demesne  of  Hugh  the  marshal. 
Moreover  [in  Normandy]  the  hospital  of  Longueville  which 
Walter  Giffard  and  Ermengarde  his  wife  founded,  with  its 
endowments,  including  in  England  the  church  of  Stokesby 
(Stokebi) ;  also  the  tithe  of  the  land  which  Jordan  de  Saukevilla 
gave  as  a  marriage  portion  to  his  daughter ;  moreover  for  the 
monks'  infirmary,  the  church  of  Witreham  and  the  tithe  of  the 
demesne,  the  church  of  Crundona,  and  a  fair  at  Longueville  on 
Ascension  day.     The  monks  and  their  officers  are  to  be  free  of 


78  PRIORY  OF  LONGUEVILLE. 

[1155.] 

toll  and  all  other  dues  on  their  own  goods  throughout  England 
and  Normandy. 

Testibus :  Teobaldo  archiepiscopo  Cantuarensi ;  Rogero  archie- 
piscopo  Eboraeensi ;  Ricardo  episcopo  Lundoniensi ;  Roberto  epis- 
copo  Lincoluensi ;  Hylario  episcopo  Cic[estrensi];  Gisleberto  Here- 
fordensi,  Willelmo  Norwicensi,  episcopis  ;  Thoma  canc[ellario] ; 
Reg[iniildo]  abbate  de  Rading' ;  Clemente  abbate  de  Scireburn' ; 
Reg[inaldo]  abbate  de  Persor  ;  Roberto  comite  Leg[rec]estrie ; 
Hugone  Bigot  comite  ;  Gaufrido  de  Mangnavilla  comite ;  Henrico 
de  Essexa ;  Roberto  de  Novoburgo ;  Ricardo  de  Humez  constabu- 
lario ;  Roberto  de  Sancte  Martine^  (sic)  ecclesia.  Apud  Wintoniam 
in  concilio. 

[Circ.  1181.J        226.  Charter  of  William  de  Humetis  granting  to  the  monks 

(Original,  sealed,  IB  of  the  priory  of    LongUBville,    for  the  weal   of    his  soul  and 

Trans^'sos )       [those]  of  his  predecessors  the  church  of  St.  Peter  of  Apegard 

with  all  its  appurtenances, 'which  church  the  monks  possess  of 

the  gift  of  earl  Giffard,  and  his  pl:'edeeesfeors,  etc 

also  the  tithes  of  the  whole  park  of  Apegard  etc 

and  all  their  privileges  and  quittances  in  his  wood  of  Wadone, 
as  they  had  in  that  time  of  earl  Giffard  of  his  gift ;  also  all 
their  assarts  (essardia)  in  his  wood  of  Horoude,  with  herbage, 
pannage,  pasturage,  firewood,  and  all  other  privileges,  in  the 
wood  of  Wadone,  as  granted  them  by  earl  Giffard.  His  heirs, 
servants  and  bailiffs,  are  not  to  trouble  them  herein. 

Hiis  testibus :  Radulfo  de  Airello ;  Willelmo  clerico  de 
Apegardo ;  Willelmo  Durbec ;  Willelmo  de  Campo  Rotundo  ; 
Ricardo  de  Groci ;  Herberto  de  Veiocis ;  Radulfo  de  Montibus ; 
Rogero  de  Montibus  ;  Willelmo  de  Poterel ;  Radulfo  de  Perehie ; 
Gaufrido  de  Horn';  Nicholao  de  Fornet ;  Willelmo  de  Colevilla 
et  pluribus  aliis. 

[?  1180-1189.]       227.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  confirms 
(Original,  sealed,  in  to  the  monks  of  Longueville  priory  the  devise  (divisa)  of  earl 
Trans^'i  17 )       Giffard,  namely,  Neuville  (Novavilla)  and  other  lands.  The  monies 
are  to  possess  this  holding  in  perpetuity  for  the  earl's  soul. 

Testibus :  Ranulfo  de  Clanvilla  (sic)  ;  Willelmo  comite  de 
Magnevilla  ;  Hugone  de  Cressi ;  Seihero  de  Quinci ;  Radulfo  filio 
Stephani,  et  multis  aliis.     Apud  Cenomannum. 

[1188,  228.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  repeating  text  of  the  preceding 

July-Sept,]     one,  but  closing  with  the  clause  : — 

(Original,  sealed.  They  and  their  officers  shall  be  quit,  throughout  England 
lYanT'^iie^)  ^^^  Normandy,  of  toll  and  passage  [money]  and  pontage  and 
pannage  and  reguard  of  forest  and  all  dues  on  everything  of 
their  own,  and  they  shall  not  be  impleaded  except  before  him 
or  the  chief  justice  of  England  or  Normandy.  And  he  grants 
that  they  may  freely  cast  leaden  (plumbea)  vessels  for  their 
own  use,  and  carry  on  all  industries  necessary  for  their  own 
utensils. 

■'  Eeetiu8  :  "  Marie." 


PRIORY  OF  LONGUEVILLE.  79 


[1188.] 


Testibus :  Baldwino  archiepiscopo  Cantuarensi ;  Hugone 
episcopo  Lincolnensi ;  Eadulfo  episcopo  Lexoviensi ;  Johanne 
episcopo  Ebroicensi ;  Hugone  episcopo  Cestr[ensi]i ;  Gauffredo 
cancellario ;  Roberto  (sic)  archidiacono  Heresfordiensi ;  Hugone 
abbate  [de]  Furcelmonte ;  Sansone  abbate  Sancti  Audoeni :  comite 
Willelmo  de  Magnavilla  ;  Ranulfo  de  Glanvilla  ;  Reginaldo  de 
Cortenai :  Seihero  de  Quinci ;  Hugone  de  Cressi ;  Jordano  de 
Beln' ;  Eogero  de  Calceto,  et  multis  aliis.     Apud  Cenomannis.''^ 

1200,  229.  Charter  of  William  Marshal  earl  of  Pembroc.     With 

June-Sept,     the   assent   and    at  the  wish  of   Isabel  his  wife,   countess  of 

(Original  in  archives.  Pembroc,  he  confirms  all  the  gifts  which  Walter  Giffard  earl  of 

Trans.      .)       Bukingeham   made   to  the   priory  of  Longueville  (which  are 

specified  as  in  the  above  charters).    To  secure  the  observance  by 

his  heirs  of  this  confirmation  he  appends  to  the  charter  his  seal 

and  that  of  Ysabel  his  wife. 

Testibus  hiis :  magistro  Johanne  archiepiscopo  de  Divelin ; 
Johanne  tunc  electo  Norwicensi ;  Jordano  de  Saukevilla ; 
Ricardo  de  Blevilla;  Willelmo  Haket;  Helia  fratre  ejus; 
Willelmo  Waler[and] ;  Hugone  de  Santford ;  Johanne  de 
Derleia^ ;  Drocone  de  Trublevilla ;  Willelmo  de  Hercurt ; 
Michaele  clerico  comitis ;  Willelmo  de  Buss' ;  Gisleberto  d'Estri- 
guil ;  Gilleberto  Camberleng ;  Waltero  Camberleng ;  Johanne 
Truand  ;  Willelmo  fratre ;  Waltero,  Johanne,  famulis  prioris. 

'  Trans.  :  "  Cesterciensi."      ^  Ijectius  :  "  Cenomannum."     ''  Rectius  :  "  Erleia." 


80 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MICHAEL,  TREPORT, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE     OP     ROUEN, 

lOrigirial  Document  in  Archives  of  Seine  Infdrieure.  Trans- 
cript of  Cartulary  in  Bibliotheque  Ste.  Genevieve  E.  I.  25. 
Gartulaire  du  comtd  d'Eu,  MS.  Lat.  13,904,  in  Bibliotheque 
Nationale.'] 


.1059  et  postea. 

(Ste.  Genevieve 
Cartulary,  fo.  85. 
See  Cartulaire 
de  Fabbaye  de 
St.  Michel  du 
Triport,^  p.  8.) 


230.  [Notification  that]  in  1059  Robert  count  o£  Eu,  coun- 
selled by  Maurilius  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  William  duke  of 
the  Normans  and  by  otlier  bishops  and  nobles  of  Normandy 
and  especially  by  his  wife  the  countess  Beatrice  of  ever  wor- 
shipful memory,  founded  an  abbey  at  Tr^port  in  honour  of 
God  and  St.  Michael  the  archangel,  and  with  the  approval  of 
his  wife  Beatrice  and  his  sons  Ralph,  William,  and  Robert, 
assigned  sustenance  for  the  monks  from  his  possessions  etc. 
.  .  .  .  In  England  he  gave  Boniton,  and  all  that  belongs  to 
it,  in  lands,  tenants  (hospitibus)  and  other  things,  etc.  .  .  . 
Robert  de  Salceio  brother  of  Richard  de  Fraevilla  gave  the 

church  of  Sauchay  (Salceium)  etc Richard  son 

of  Robert  of  Fraelvilla,  father  of  abbot  Osbern  and  of  Ansel  de 
Fraelvilla,  gave  the  whole  tithe  of  Greny  (Oregneius),  urged  by 
his  wife  the  religious  matron  Gila,  and  for  love  of  his  son 
Osbern  then  a  monk  at  Tr^port,  by  consent  of  his  sons  Ansel, 

Roger,   Rovgo   and   others   etc Robert   de 

Petroponte  and  Godfrey  his  son  gave  the  tithe  of  Cuvervilla 
which  they  held  of  Oylard  its  lord,  by  consent  of  the  said 
Oylard  and  his  sons  Geoffrey  and  Richard  etc. 

Horum  donorum  tam  comitis  Roberti  quam  ceterorum 
quos  predixi  benefactorum  hujus  ecclesie  testes  subscripserunt, 
id  est :  ipse  comes  Robertus,  et  Rodulfus  et  Willelmus  et 
Robertus  filii  ejus,  et  Hugo  vicecomes,  et  Gauffridus  de  Bailliol, 
et  Galterius  ad  barbam  de  Davidis  villa ; ,  Ricardus  de  Lonreio, 
et  Gaufridus  de  Cuvervilla ;  Rainoldus  de  Sancto  Martino,  et 
Robertus  de  Maineriis ;  Ricardus  de  Fraelvilla,  et  alii  multi 
quos  longura  esset  nominare. 


1101. 

(Ste.  Genevieve 
Cartulary,  fo 


231.  [Notification  that]  in  the  year   1101,  Henry  count  of 
Eu,  son  of  count  William,  came  to  Tr^port  and  granted  what- 
See  ut  supra,  p.'so!)  ^^®^'  ^^^  ^^*^^^^  William  or  his  predecessors  had  given  or  granted 
to  the  abbey  (ecclesie)  of  St.  Michael  of  Tr^port,  etc 

'  Edited  by  P.  Laffleur  de  Kermingant,  1880. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MICHAEL,  TREPOET.  81 

1101. 

Videntibus  et  testantibus  istis  baronibiis :  Roberto  fratre 
sue ;  Hugone  de  Evremo ;  Hugone  vicecomite ;  Roberto  filio 
ejus  ;  Goiffrido  de  Sancto  Martino  ;  Bartholomeo  de  Lonreio ; 
Ancello  de  Fraelvilla,  multisque  aliis. 

On  another  occasion,  the  count  granted,  for  all 

the  abbey's  men  in  Tr^port  that  neither  he  nor  his  heirs  would 
thenceforth  exact  payments  {collectas)  from  them  or  tallage 
{facerent  tallias)  them. 

Testibus  ■}  Roberto  fratro  suo ;  Ingelranno  de  Hastingis ; 
Gauffrido  de  Sancto  Martino ;  Gauffrido  de  Cuvervilla,  et  aliis 
multis,  etc.  etc. 

1107.  232.  [Notification  that]  in  the  year  1107,  at   Easter,   the 

(Ste.  Genevieve  fishermen  of  St.  Michael  took  a  fish  called  "  sturio,"  and  abbot 
See  M"sMm-'o°p^22S  Osbem  bade  them  take  it  to  the  abbey  according  to  ancient 
custom  ;  but  this  could  not  be  done  because  Gilbert  the  priest 
who  was  then  the  count's  water-bailiff  (aquarius)  resisted  and 
took  the  fish  by  force.  Wherefore  the  abbot  went  to  the 
count,  took  a  plea  (placitum  sumpsit)  and,  before  the  barons 
of  count  Henry,  proved  his  right  to  the  fish.  On  which,  the 
count  granted  the  fish. 

Testibus  :^  Abraham  de  Petra  ;  Geroldo^  dapifero ;  Gauffrido 
de  Envremou  ;  Anscherio  de  Moncellis,  multisque  aliis. 

1107.  233.  Charter  of  Henry  count  of  Eu,   dated   1107,  granting 

(Ste.  Genevieve     freedom  (ut  swpro)   from  payments  and  tallage,   his  brother 

Ser«°5™,°p.^240  ^o^®^  granting  it,  etc 

Testibus  ■}  Ingelranno  de  Hastingis ;  Goiffredo  de  Sancto 
Martino ;  Geroldo^  dapifero  ;  Wermundo  de  Petra ;  Rogerio  de 
Sancto   Petro ;     Guillelmo  filio    Walterii ;    Bosone   de   Barra ; 

Gaufrido  de  Cuvervilla,  multisque  aliis,  etc 

Ancel  de  Fraelvilla,  exhorted  by  abbot  Osbem  his  brother, 
has  given  the  abbey  a  measure  (modium)  of  wheat  from  his 
mill,  at  Freulleville  (Fraelvilla),  to  buy  light  for  the  church, 
by  grant  of  his  son  Roger  and  his  brother  Robert,  in  whose 
nearing  also  he  caused  excommunication  to  be  pronounced  on 

all  who  should  wrong    St.    Michael  therein,   etc 

in  England  6^  shillings  sterling  at  Pleidene,  and  the  tithe 
of  the  moneys  [from]  Vilissent,  and  <;he  tithe  of  the  bacon 
(baconibus)  and  cheeses  coming  from  England,  etc 


1151.  234.  Charter  of  John  count  of  Eu  (Augi).     He  confirms  to 

(Official  copy  of     gt.  Michael  of  Trdport  his  gift  of  the  church  of  St.  Mary  of 

to  etWon  of      Hastings,  that  as  the  canons  there  die  or  renounce  the  world, 

15th  cent,  from     monks  [of  Tr^port]  shall  be  deputed  to  serve  God  there,  and 

convent  of  Treport,  shall  divide  all  the  endowments  of  the  prebends. 

Tr^t'359!  ^^s*^s  affuerunt  Gohelinus  de  Criolio ;   Guillermus  de  Crenis ; 

See  ut  supra,  p.  44.)  Kadulfus  de  Scotemud^;  Stephanus  de  Petris  ;  Matheus  cubicu- 

larius  abbatis  ;  Henricus  de  Culvervilla ;  Guillermus  de  Fresi ; 

1  MS.:  "Teste."         ^  t.e.,  " de  Normanvilla."        '  Trans.  :  "Scotenaud." 
e    92684.  F 


82  ABBEY  OP  ST.  MICHAEL,  TREPORT. 

1151. 

Petrus    prepositus;   Nicholaus    de    Verlero ;    Gualo   aquarius. 
Actum  est  hoc  anno  ab  incarnatione  domini  MCLi. 

1153,  235.  Charter  of  John  count  of  Eu.     For  the  soul  of  Matildis 

30  July.        his  sister,  and  [those]  of  all  his  relatives  and  friends  he  gives 

(Cartuiaire  du     freedom   to  all  Christ's  servants,  monks,  canons   regular  and 

sT«?S™,'p:  Specular,  priests  and  every  clerk,  of  whatever  vm^  {ordinis), 

with  his  own  household,  to  buy  and  sell  at  Eu   all   that   is 

needed  for  their  own  use,  free  of  all  dues,  etc.     This  gift,  for 

which  his  [daughter]  Margareta  has  pleaded,  is  given  at  the 

burial  of  his  sister  Matildis  the  third  [before]  the  kalends  of 

August. 

Presentibus:  Rogero  Augensi,  et  Fulcherio  Ultriportensi, 
et  Ada  de  Folcardimonte,  abbatibus  mee  terre,  et  monachis, 
canonicis  regularibus  et  secularibus,  et  clericis  quamplurimis, 
et  baronibus  et  burgensibus  meis :  Ricardo  de  Fresen villa,  et 
Henrico  de  Cuulvervilla ;  Engeranno  de  Scoteni ;  Eustachio 
Berateng ;  Hugone  de  Augo ;  Willelmo  de  VII.  Molis ;  Gille- 
berto  vicecomite,  in  ecclesia  Augensi. 

[Ante  1164.]         236.  Charter  of  earl  Walter  Giffart  giving  in  alms  for  ever 
(Ste.  Geneviisve    to  St.  Mary  de  Kougecamp  (Ruheo  Gwm.'poY  and  the  brethren 
Se^''«l'^Zafp.^42.)  ^^^re  Serving  God  50  acres  of  his  land  at  Haymiegi  etc.  _ .     . 

for  his  soul  and  that  of  E[rmengardis]  the  countess  his  wife 
etc. 

Testibus :  comitissa  E[rmengarde] ;  Ricardo.capellano ;  Roberto 
de  Camp  capellano  ;  Willelmo  Chalcheis  ;  Petro  de  Hotot ;  Elya 
de  Longolio ;  Henrico  de  Cuvervilla ;  Galfrido  de  Bleinvilla ; 
Willelmo  Cotrerel;  Eustachio  deGrei villa;  WildonedeRotrefort; 
Wallrelin  de  Mortemer ;  Theobaldo  de  Fraxinis. 

[N.  D.]  237.  Notification  that   the  abbot  and  convent   of  Tr^port 

(Ste.  Genevifeve  and  the  convent  of  Eobertsbridge  have  agreed  as  follows  as  to 
s  '^^ufm^ra^x,  ^l\\  *^®  "^^^  marcs,  which  the  abbot  and  monks  of  Robertsbridge 
are  to  pay  annually  to  the  abbot  and  convent  of  Tr^port  for  the 
lands  they  held  of  them  in  the  district  {campus)  of  Hastingues, 
which  are  named  Volintona,  Paplesham,  Plaidanis,  Stand,  with 
all  their  appurtenances ;  namely  that  the  money  shall  be  paid, 
alternate  years,  at  Tr^port  and  at  Robertsbridge,  at  Midsummer, 
unless  the  wind  happen  to  be  contrary.  To  this  agreement  the 
parties  have  affixed  their  seals,  and  the  abbot  of  Boxley  also, 
who  was  present  at  the  agreement,  in  the  presence  of  the  convent 
of  Treport. 

'  Priory  of  Rouge  Camp  (Seine  Inferieure)  ;  Hesmy  (Seine  Inferieure). 


83 


HOSPITAL  OF  ST.  GILES, 
PONT  AUDEMER, 

FOR  LEPERS. 

[Cartulary  in  Public.  Library  of  Rouen,  Y.  200.^] 


[N.  D.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  17rf. 
Trans.  30.) 


238.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  At  the  prayer  of  Galeran, 
count  of  Meulan,  and  for  the  redemption  of  his  own  and  his 
ancestors'  souls,  he  grants  to  the  church  of  St.  Giles  of  Pont 
Audemer  and  to  the  infirm  brethren  serving  there  an  annual 
fair  of  three  days  at  Pont  Audemer,  from  the  eve  to  the  morrow 
of  St.  Giles.  All  attending  it,  coming  and  going,  are  to  enjoy 
his  peace,  paying  their  rightful  dues.  Ten  pounds  penalty  for 
infringement. 

[N.  D.]  239.  Charter  of   Stephen^  to  St.  Giles  of  Pont  Audemer, 

(Cartulary,  fo.  22.    confirming  a  gift  of  Galeran  count  of  Mellent,  at  his  request. 

Trans.  56.)  *       *  '  -1 


[N.  D.] 

(Cartulary, 

fos.  34,  48rf.) 


240.  Charter  of  R[oger  ?]  by  divine  permission  bishop 
(ecclesie  minister  hwmilis)  of  Salisbury,  addressed  to  the  con- 
gregation of  St.  Giles  of  Pont  Audemer.  Observing  how  slight 
and  small  are  the  means  of  their  house  and,  nevertheless,  how 
generous  is  their  charity  to  all  wayfarers  (transeuntes)  as  well 
as  to  the  [poor]  men  of  that  house,  he,  of  his  charity,  and  to 
secure  his  more  special  commendation  in  their  prayers,  gives 
the  brethren  and  sisters  serving  God  at  St.  Giles  of  Pont  Audemer 
all  the  greater  tithes  of  the  church  of  Esturministre,  and  confirms 
them  to  their  use  by  his  episcopal  authority,  reserving  the 
smaller  tithes  of  Esturministre  for  the  support  of  a  vicar  who 
shall  personally  serve  in  the  church  of  Esturministre  in  priestly 
orders  {ordi/ne  sacerdotali).  He  beseeches  them  therefore  to 
pray  to  God  on  behalf  of  himself  and  the  church  of  Salisbury 
the  more  devotedly  as  he  has  bestowed  this  endowment  upon 
them  freely,  at  no  man's  instance,  but  only  because  he  keeps 
God  before  his  eyes. 

[N.  D.]  241.  Charter  of  G[ualeran]  count  of  Meulan   addressed  to 

(Cartulary,  fo.  13d.  Robert  his  SOU  and  A[gnes]  his  wife.     He  gives  to  God  and 

Trans.  447.)        g^  q^j^^  ^^^  ^.j^^   ^^^  j^jj^  ^j   p^^^  Audemer  four  measures 

(modios)  of  wheat  annually,  for  his  and  their  souls,  in  alms  for 
ever. 


'  The  witnesses  are  omitted  in  this  Cartulary. 

2  "  Henricus,"  in  Cartulary  and  Transcript,  but  the  king  speaks  of 
avuneuli  mei  regis  H[enrici]." 

F   2 


84 


HOSPITAL  OP  ST.  GILES,  PONT  AUDEMEK. 


[N.D.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  14. 
Trans.  443.) 


242.  Letter  of  G[ualeraii]  count  of  Meulan,  addressed  to  the 
prudhommes  of  Pont  Audemer.  If  they  perform,  and  cause  to  be 
performed,  to  his  sick  brethren  of  St.  Giles,  the  terms  they  have 
promised  them  in  his  presence,  namely  the  due  on  hides 
beveragiv/m  coriorwm),  and  from  each  house  of  his  town,  on 
Sunday,  a  penny  from  the  richer,  a  halfpenny  from  the  middle 
class  {mediocrihus),  and  a  loaf  (panem)  from  the  lesser  folk, 
according  to  the  means  of  the  master  (dominus)  of  the  house, 
[then]  he  wills  and  it  is  his  pleasure  that  the  prior  of  St. 
Giles  and  the  sick  brethren  should  receive  his  sick  folk  by  his 
counsel  only,  and  theirs.  Otherwise,  he  forbids  them  to  receive 
anyone  except  so  far  as  his  endowment  may  suffice  for  the 
sustenance  of  the  sick  folk  in  the  house. 


1162. 

(Cartulary,  fo.  12. 
Traus.  441.) 


243.  Charter  of  Waleran  count  of  Meulan,  addressed  to  all 
his  men,  pr^vSts,  ministers  and  bailiffs,  present  and  future. 
He  gives  to  the  sick  brethren  of  St.  Giles  of  Pont  Audemer, 
with  the  assent  of  his  wife  Agnes  and  his  son  Robert,  30 
pounds  annually  from  his  prdvdtd  of  Pont  Audemer,  to  be  paid 
forty  shillings  a  month  (sic),  and  seven  marcs  from  his  revenues 
in  England,  and  forty  cartloads  of  wood  to  be  carried  at  his 
own  expense,  every  year,  to  Pont  Audemer,  and  ten  acres  of 
his  alder-grove  (alnetum)  below  the  bridge  of  Pont  Audemer, 
etc.  .  .  .  and  half  the  whole  tithe  of  provisions  (conre- 
diorum)  in  his  house,  whether  he  is  in  Normandy  or  England, 

etc and  the  church  of  Esturmilistria  (sic),  with 

its  tithes,  lands,  etc.  by  gift  of  the  bishop  of  Salisbury,  for 
the  clothing  of  the  priests,  and  the  house  which  belonged  to 
Roger  de  Hantona,  quit  of  all  tallages  (talliis)   and  dues,  etc. 

Anno  ab  incarnatione  domini  mocolxiio  scripta  est  carta  ista 
in  capella  Sancti  Johannis  apud  Bellomontem. 


[1152-1166.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  48d. 
Trans.  423.) 


244.  Notification  by  Galeran  count  of  Mellent  to  G[ocelin] 
bishop  of  Salisbury  that  he  has  given  the  church  of  Estur- 
minstre,  with  [its]  tithes  and  all  its  appurtenances  to  the 
church  of  St.  Giles  of  Pont  Audemer  and  the  priests  there 
serving  God  and  Christ's  martyrs,  the  sick  brethren,  for  their 
clothing.  He  beseeches  the  bishop,  therefore,  to  confirm  that 
he  has,  of  his  charity,  done  therein. 


[1152-1166.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  27</. 
Trans.  442.) 


245.  Letter  of  "Waleran  count  of  Meulan  and  A[gnes]  the 
countess  and  Robert  their  son  to  Walter  the  clerk  of  Estur- 
ministre,  informing  him,  concerning  the  church  of  Esturministre, 
which  they  have  given  to  the  sick  folk  of  Pont  Audemer  free  of 
all  claims,  that  they  have  no  power  to  warrant  him  any  right 
therein,  except  at  the  will  and  pleasure  of  the  said  sick  folk,  in 
whose  gift  is  that  church.  And  [the  count]  neither  desires  nor 
dares  to  infringe  the  Pope's  precept  in  the  matter,  but  will 
obey  it  (ratwm  habebo). 


HOSPITAL  OF  ST.  GILES,  PONT  AUDEMER.         85 


[1162-1164.]  246.  Charter  of  Joe[elin],  bishop  of  Salisbury.  He  ratifies 
(Cartulary,  fo.  2  8rf.  the  arrangement  (transactio),  made  in  presence  of  his  lord 
rans.  .)  Thomas  archbishop  of  Canterbury  and  of  himself  between 
Walter  clerk  of  the  church  of  Sturminstria  and  the  proctors 
of  the  sick  folk'  of  Pont  Audemer,  namely  that  the  clerks  of  that 
church  should  pay  annually  for  ever  to  the  said  sick  folk 
60  shillings.  He  also  confirms  the  gift  of  G[ualeran]  count  of 
Mellent,  as  to  that  church,  saving  in  all  things  the  rights  and 
diguity  of  the  church  of  Salisbury. 

[N.  D.]  247.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Cartulary,  fo.  13.    Eouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.     He  gives  to  St.  Giles  of 

Trans.  95.)        ^j^^  lepers  of  Pont  Audemer  the  tithe  of  rent  in  the  castelry  of 

the  castle  of  St.  Mere  Eghse,  of  its  demesne.    The  church  and 

the  lepers  and  those  who  there  serve  God  are  to  hold  that 

tithe  for  his  weal  and  that  of  his  ancestors. 

[After  1165.]        248.  Notification  by   Robert    count   of    Meulan,   that   he 

(Cartulary,  fo.  17.    confirms  the   gift    which   Robert  de  Brionio  and  William  his 

Trans.  433.)       nephew  (nepos)  have  given  to  God  and  the  brethren  of  Pont 

Audemer  for  Robert  the  son  of  Robert  whom  they  have  received 

as  a  brother,  namely  half  a  virgate  of  land  and  one  cow  and 

20  sheep  at  Cerlentonia. 

[After  1165.]        249.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Meulan  warranting  (^ttara7i- 

Cartuiary,  fo.  17.   tizo)  the  gift  of  Hugh  Bochsdmer  and  Geofi'rey  the  count's 

Trans.  432.)       usher  to  the  brethren  of  Pont  Audemer,  of  the  stall  at  Brionne 

(stallo  Brionii)  for  Geoffrey's  wife  whom  they  received  as  a 

sister. 

[After  1165.]        250.  Charter  of   Robert  count  of  Meulan  confirming  to  St. 
(Cartulary,  fo.  15.  Giles  and  the  sick  folk  of  Pont  Audemer  a  number  of  small 
Trans.  434.)        j^^^j  ^f^^ 

[After  1165.]  251.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Meulan  notifying  that,  the 
(Cartulary,  fo.  4Sd.  aick  folk  of  St.  Giles  of  Pont  Audemer  having,  at  his  entreaty. 
Trans.  424.)  granted  to  Richard  the  clerk,  brother  of  Vauquelin  his  knight, 
the  church  of  St.  Peter  of  Esturminstre,  it  is  agreed  between 
them  as  follows  :  the  said  Richard  has  sworn  to  pay  annually 
at  Midsummer  to  them,  for  that  church  ten^  marcs  of  silver 
without  question.  Of  this  agreement  the  count  makes  himself 
surety  (fidejussor) ;  and  Vauquelin,  the  clerk's  brother,  has, 
in  his  presence,  faithfully  pledged  all  the  land  he  holds  of  the 
count  in  Normandy  as  security. 

[After  1165.]        252.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Meulan,  notifying  that  the 

(Cartuiarj ,  f o.  18.  brethren  of  St.  Giles  of  Pont  Audemer  have  given  his  son  Peter 

Trans.  480.)        ^^^  church  of  St.  Peter  of  Esturminstra,  which  is  wholly  theirs 

to  give,  at  his  entreaty,  and  that  Peter  has  sworn,  before  himself 

'  In  the  rubric  it  is  seven  (septem)  marcs. 


86 


HOSPITAL  OF  ST.  GILES,  PONT  AUDEMEE. 


[After  1165.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  29d. 
Trans.  431.) 


[After  1165.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  48. 
Trans.  425.) 


[After  1165.] 

and  many  of  the  said  brethren,  to  pay  them  7  marcs  of  silver 
a  year  for  the  aforesaid  church,  4^  at  Midsummer  and  2^  at 
Christmas.  The  count  is  pledge  that  Peter  will  pay  the  said 
money,  at  those  terms,  annually,  and  he  directs  brother  Ralf 
and  all  who  shall  hereafter  serve  at  Sturminstra  to  see  that  the 
money  is  so  paid. 

253.  Charter  of  Peter  de  Mellent,  by  the  grace  of  God 
dean  of  Wi[m]bume,  notifying  that  he  has  sworn  to  make  the 
above  payment,  and  that  if,  by  God's  doing,  he  becomes  a 
bishop  (pontijicii  graduTn  ascendero)  or  otherwise  parts 
with  (dimisero  ?)  that  church,  he  will  restore  it  to  the  brethren 
as  theirs. 

254.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Meulan  notifying  that  he 
has  restored  and  granted  to  the  church  of  Esturminstria  the 
full  tithe  of  his  whole  demesne  of  Esturminstria,  namely  the 
tithe  of  sheaves  in  the  fields,  the  tenth  lamb,  calf,  pig,  and 
fleece,  with  the  tenth  cheese,  and  the  rightful  tithe  of  all  else 
that  should  be  tithed  {unde  exire  debet). 

[1185-1189.]  255.  Charter  of  B[aldwin]  archbishop  of  Canterbury  and 
(Cartulary,  io.28d.  legate  of  the  apostolic  see.  He  understands  from  the  charter  of 
.)  Galeran  late  earl  of  Mellent  that  he  had  granted  to  the  leper 
brethren  dwelling  in  the  hospital  of  St.  Giles  of  Pont  Audemer, 
in  alms  for  ever,  so  far  as  a  layman  could,  the  church  of 
St.  Peter  of  Sturminstria,  which  gift  Henry  the  second,  the 
illustrious  king  of  the  English,  and  Jocelin  late  bishop  of 
Salisbury,  as  their  charters  (scripta)  show,  confirmed.  He 
learns  also  from  the  charters  {scripta)  of  the  glorious  martyr 
[archbishop]  Thomas  and  of  the  said  bishop  that  a  certain 
composition  was  effected  between  Walter  the  clerk  and  the 
proctors  of  the  said  sick  folk  ;  and  in  order  that  the  original 
gift  and  the  composition  may  enjoy  full  stability  he  contirms 
them  by  his  authority. 

[1189-1191.]         256.  Charter  of  John   count  of   Mortain   granting  to  the 
'■'^^Trtor'ng?^'    ^^P'^oserie  of  St.  Giles  of  Pont  Audemer  the  gift  of  his  father 

king   Henry,    namely   the    tithe   of   all   the   revenue   of    the 

castellany  of  Ste.  Mere  Eglise. 


[N.  D.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  13. 
Trans.  190.) 


1204,  1  Sept. 

(Cartulary, 

fo.  49,  and  fo.  26 

[without  the  last 

clause] . 

Trans.  346.) 


257.  Writ  of  John,  granting  to  the  lepers  of  [St.  Giles  of] 
Pont  Audemer  freedom  from  dues  on  their  demesne  wines 
throughout  his  land. 

258.  Notification  by  Herbert,  bishop  of  Salisbury  that  as 
among  all  Christ's  poor  (pauperes)^  whom  a  bishop  is  bound  to 
protect  and  support,  those  whom  it  has  pleased  God  to  deprive 
of  bodily  power,  but  who  offer  him,  in  watching  and  prayer,  the 
sacrifice   of   a   contrite   heart,  and   in   the   sorrow   of  fleshly 

'  Trans. :  "  principes." 


1204. 


HOSPITAL  OF  ST.  GILES,  PONT  AUDEMER.        87 


affliction  offer  thanks  to  the  lord  for  their  benefactors  with  a 
joyous  mind,  should  be  specially  cared  for;  considering  the 
rights  of  the  sick  brethren  of  Pont  Audemer  in  the  church  of 
Estumiinstra,  of  which  he  is  aware,  having  inspected  their 
charters ;  and  their  religious  and  honourable  life  beiag  known 
by  repute,  he  grants  a  hundred  shillings  sterling  for  the 
clothing  of  the  priests  and  sick  folk  there  to  be  received 
annually  at  Midsummer  by  the  hands  of  the  parson  of  the 
above  church,  to  be  applied  to  their  own  uses  as  aforesaid, 
saving  in  all  things  to  his  church,  himself,  and  his  successors 
their  rights,  authority  and  dignity. 

Datum  apud  Sunning[es]  per  manum  Willelmi  de  Wintonia 
kalendis^  Septembris  pontificatus  nostri  anno  undecimo. 

'  Trans.  :  "  kalendas." 


88 


ABBEY  OF  LE   VALASSE, 

FOR  CISTERCIAN  MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OP    ROUEN. 

[Original  Bocuments  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Inf^rieure.] 


[1166-7.]  259.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  to  the  abbey  of  Le  Valasse  or  Be 

(Original  in  archives.  Voto.    Printed  in  Monasticon  Anglicanu/m,  VI.  1110.^ 

Trans.  125.) 

[1189.]  260,  Charter  of  Eichard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  directs 

16  Sept.        that  the  brethren  of  the  abbey  Du  Vallasse  (Be  Voto)  and  all 

(Original  in  archives,  their  men  and  their  sabstance  shall  be  free  of  toll,  etc.,  and  all 

Trans.  172.)        other  dues  belonging  to  him,   wherever  they   may  come,   on 

everything  they  buy  or  sell,  or  cause  to  be  carried  by  land  or 

by  water,  for  their  own  use.     No  one  is  to  trouble  them,  for 

they  and  theirs  are  under  his  protection,  nor  are  they  to  be 

impleaded  except  before  himself  or  his  chief  justice  or  by  his 

special  writ. 

Testibus:  Willelmo  de  Longo  campo  cancellario  nostro  xvj. 
die  Septembris,  apud  Gaytingtonam. 

1198,  11  Dec.  Is  erat  tenor  carte  nostre  in  primo  sigillo  nostro.  Quod^ 
quia  aliquando  perditum  fuit  et  dum  capti  essemus  in  Alemania 
in  aliena  potestate  constitutum,  mutatum  est.  Innovationis 
autem  hujus  testes  sunt  hii :  Willelmus  Tholomeus  Abrincensis 
electus ;  magister  Maugerius  archidiaconus  Ebroicensis ; 
Johannes  de  Brancestra ;  Robertus  et  Juellus  capellani ; 
Henricus  de  Poterna.  Datum  per  manum  Eustachii  Eliensis 
episcopi  cancellarii  nostri.  Apud  Rupem  Andelei,  xj.  die  De- 
cembris  anno  regni  nostri  decimo. 

1201,  11  Dec.         261.  Charter   of   John  addressed    generally.     He   confirms 
(Original  charter,    the  agreement  made  between  the  abbot  and  convent  of   Le 
Trans.  186.)       Vallasse  (Be    Voto)  and  Ralf  the  Chamberlain  de  Tankarvilla, 
as  to  180  acres  in  the  fore&t  of  Lillebonne  (Insulebone). 

Testibus :  Willelmo  Mnriscallo  comite  Pembroc ;  Willelmo 
comite  Sarisbiriensi ;  Johanne  de  Pratellis ;  Willelmo  de 
Pratellis ;  Petro  de  Stok[es].  Datum  per  manum  S[imonis] 
arcliidiaconi  Well[ensis],  apud  Kothomagum,  xj.  die  Decembris, 
regni  nostri  anno  tertio. 

'  It  is  there  ivrongly  assigned  to  the  abbey  "  de  voto  "  of  Cherbourg,  a  house  of 
Austin  canons. 
2  Trans.  :  "  Quare." 


89 


MISCELLANEOUS  DOCUMENTS : 
SEINE   INFERIEURE. 

[Original  Documents  and  Cartularies  in  Archives  of  the 
Department  and  elsewhere.'] 


[Girc.  1130.]  262.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  archbishop, 
(Origmai.  vicowjte,  and  lieges  o£  Rouen.  He  gives  and  grants  to  St. 
Trans.  46.)  ]V[ary  de  Pr^,  Rouen,  the  four  houses  {mxinsuraa)  of  Amfrida 
its  laundress  (lotricis),  which  she  holds  of  him  in  Rouen,  with 
the  rent  she  used  to  pay  him.  For  the  soul  of  his  father  and 
his  mother,  and  for  the  weal  of  his  own,  he  quitclaims  that 
land  to  St.  Mary  free  from  all  service  except  his  wine  due 
(modiatio). 

Testibus :  R[oberto]  de  sig[illo],  et  G[aufrido]  filio  Pagani,  et 
Roberto  de  C[ur]ci.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

[N.  D.]  263.  Charter  of   the   empress  Mathildis,  daughter  of   king 

(Original,  sealed,  Henry,  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  all  her 
officers  of  Normandy,  French  and  English,  present  and  future. 
For  the  soul  of  her  father  and  her  predecessors,  and  for  her 
own  weal  and  that  of  her  children,  she  gives  in  perpetual  alms 
to  the  church  of  St.  Mary,  Briostel,  and  the  monks  there 
serving  God  60  acres  of  land  in  the  .forest  of  LiUebonne 
(Tnsulabona)  in  the  place  called  "  Little  Bee,"  with  easement 
(aisiamenta)  of  pasture  to  the  brethren  for  their  animals  in 
the  forest. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Hugone  de  Buura ;  Willielmo  de  Moritonio ; 
Petro  ejus  filio  ;  Willelmo.  de  Heliun ;  Waltero  filio  Emaldi ; 
Hugone  medico,  et  Clarembaldo  imperatricis  clerico.  Apud 
Pratum. 


in  archives. 
Trans.  195.) 


[1180-1182, 

.  ?  1180.] 
(Original  in 

arcliiTes. 

Trans.  78.) 


[1174-8.] 

(Original  in 
archives. 
Trans.  79.) 


264.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  all  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  He  confirms  to  the 
church  of  St.  Lo  at  Rouen,  and  the  canons  regular  there  serving, 
all  the  gifts  [specified]  maJe  to  them  [in  Normandy],  including, 
on  the  feast  of  St.  Lo  a  stag  from  the  [ducal]  demesne  of 
Normandy  and  6  shillings  in  money,  with  a  boar  on  the  feast 
of  St.  Rumpharius. 

Testibus :  G[aufrido]  Eliensi,  B[aldwino]  Exoniensi,  H[enrico] 
Baiocensi,  R[icardo]  Abrincensi,  episcopis ;  Willelmo  de  Humeto 
constab[ulario] ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi ;  Hugone  de  Creissi ; 
Roberto  de  Stutevilla ;  RicardO  Gifi'[ard] ;  Gilleberto  Pipard. 
Apud  Csesarisburgum. 

265.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  The  priory  of  St.  Martin 
of  Sigi  with  its  monks,  its  lands,  its  possessions  and  its  men  is 
in  his  keeping  and  protection.     No  wrong  is  to  be  done  them, 


90 


MISCELLANEOUS  DOCUMENTS. 


[1174-8.] 


[1184-9.] 

(Vidimus  in 
archives. 
Trans.  80.) 


[1189,  12  Nov.] 
(Vidimus  o{  1256. 

Trans.  144. 

See  Delisle's  Carta- 

laire  Normand, 

No.  20.) 


1190,  17  Jan. 

("  Liber  de 

Consuetudinibus  " 

in  archives. 

Trans  151.) 


nor  is  Hugh  de  Gurnai  or  anyone  else  to  make  unjust  demands 
on  them. 

Testibus :  Ricardo  Wintoniensi,  Henrico  Baiocensi,  Egidio 
Ebroicensi,  Frogerio  Sagiensi,  episcopis ;  Sim[one]  de  Turnebu ; 
Ricardo  de  Aui'ai ;  Alvrredo  de  St.  Martino.    Apud  Rothomagum. 

266.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  He  confirms  to  the  priory 
of  St.  Martin  of  Sigi  all  that  Hugh  feriensis  has  given  it, 
namely  the  site  of  the  priory,  several  churches,  etc. 

Testibus :  Waltero  arehiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  Johanne 
Ebroicensi  episcopo ;  Radulfo  Lexoviensi  episcopo ;  comite 
Willelmo  de  Mandevilla;  Seherio  de  Quench[i];  Hugone  de 
Creissi;  Johanne  de  Solign[eio].    Apud  Argentonum. 

267.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  notifies 
that  the  hospital  of  St.  Mary  Magdalen,  Rouen,  its  wardens  and 
servants,  the  sick  in  it,  and  all  its  possessions  are  under  his 
protection.  They  are  not  to  be  wronged,  nor  to  be  impleaded  for 
anything  they  hold  of  demesne  except  before  himself  or  his 
chief  justice ;  and  they  are  to  be  quit  of  all  dues  throughout  all 
his  land.  If  anyone  offends  against  them  in  this  they  are  to  be 
promptly  compensated. 

Teste :  Willelmo  de  Longocampo  Heliensi  electo  et  cancellario 
nostro.     Apud  Westmonasterium  xij.  die  Novembris. 

268.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  confirms 
to  the  abbey  of  Mortimer  two  buildings  (masure)  on  the  strand 
(perreium)  of  Diepa  free  of  secular  service,  so  that  its  tenants, 
residing  in  them,  shall  be  free  of  all  dues  on  herrings,  mackerel, 
ling  (muUvellorv/m)  and  whiting  (1)  (Tnelangiorum)  and  from 
other  tolls  [specified]  and  from  all  summonses  except  those  of 
Mortimer  (Mortuimaris),  and  from  all  dues  and  secular  service 
on  both  sides  the  sea.  No  one  is  to  infringe  these  liberties 
under  penalty  of  ten  pounds. 

Testibus  :  B[artholomeo]  Turonis^  arehiepiscopo ;  H[erberto] 
Redonis,^  M[auricio]  Nannetis^  episcopis ;  Radulfo  de  Fulgeriis  ; 
Radulfo  filio  Godefridi  camerario  nostro.  Datum  per  manum 
Johannis  de  Alenconio  vicecancellarii  nostri,  apud  Andegavum, 
xvij.  die  Januarii  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 


1190,  20  March. 

(Original  in 

archives. 
Trans.  152.) 


269.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  con- 
firms to  the  nuns  of  the  chapel  of  St.  Mary  de  Clarorivo  of  the 
order  of  Fontevrault,  the  chapel  of  Foumouchon  and  all  the 
other  gifts  of  Baldwin  de  Canteler,  and  of  others. 

Testibus :  Hamelino  comite  de  Warenna ;  Hugone  de 
Gurnay ;  Willelmo  de  Ruverai  clerico  ;  Gilleberto  de  Guascuil : 
Johanne  de  Pratellis ;  Rogero  fratre  ejus ;  Osb[erto]  de 
Ruverai.  Datum  per  manum  Johannis  de  Alencon  archidiaconi 
Lexoviensis,  vicecancellarii  nostri,  apud  Rothomagum  xx.  die 
Martii  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 


Sic  in  Transcript. 


SEINE  INFERIEURE. 


91 


Trans.  170. 
Also  Vol.  133, 
Trans.  125.) 


1190,  22  June.        270.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  gives 
(Original,  sealed,  in    the  abbey  of  Bonport  {de  bono  portu)  ten  canicates  of  land  in 
Trans.  155.)        ^^^  forest  of  Awiz,  each  carueate  containing  six  acres  by  his 
perch,  with  certain  rights. 

Testibus :  Godefrido  Wintoniensi,  Hugone  Coventrensi,  epis- 
copis ;  Willelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  WiUelmo  filio  Ra- 
dulfi  senescallo  Normannie ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto ;  Roberto  de 
Harecorfc ;  Willelmo  Marescallo.  Datum  per  manum  Johannis  de 
Alencon,  vicecancellarii  nostri  xxij.  die  Junii,  apud  Ohinonem 
anno  primo  regni  nostri. 

1189,  10  Nov.  271.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  to  all  his  lieges  in 
(Original  [fragments  Normandy.     For  ttie  soul  of  his  father  and  the  souls  of  all  the 

Tresor  deTchartes.i  ^"^ithful  Normans  deceased,  and  for  the  weal  of  his  own  soul 
and  that  of  Alienor  his  mother,  he  grants  to  the  brethren  of  the 
temple  of  Salamon  all  the  gifts  made  to  them  throughout  Nor- 
mandy in  lands,  vills,  tenants  and  all  else.  He  also  grants  that 
all  their  holdings,  vills,  and  tenants  shall  be  quit  of  all  plaints 
and  pleas,  of  toll  due  to  him  and  passage  money  and  pontage, 
and  all  work  on  castles,  parks,  and  bridges,  from  summons  to 
the  host  and  from  chevaucMes  {eqwitationihus),  and  all  other 
dues,  saving  only  to  him  and  his  heirs  justice  of  life  and  limb. 
They  are  to  enjoy  in  full  all  profits  arising  from  these  dues,  to 
be  quit  of  waste  and  reguard  of  the  forest  and  of  [payment  for] 
pannage  on  their  own  swine  throughout  his  forest  of  Normandy, 
and  shall  receive  fitting  amends  if  these  privileges  are  infringed 
in  the  forest.  All  their  possessions  are  to  be  guarded  as  his 
own  and  as  being  under  his  protection ;  and  they  are  only  to  be 
impleaded  before  himself  or  his  seneschal.  Full  justice  is  to  be 
done  them,  on  their  complaint,  on  all  those  who  may  wrong  them. 
Testibus  :  Waltero  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo ;  J[ohanne] 
Ebroicensi,  H[ugone]  Dunelmensi,  G[odefrido]  Wintoniensi, 
H[erberto]  Saresberiensi,  episcopis ;  Willelmo  Marescallo. 
Datum  per  manum  Willelmi  de  Longo  campo  cancellarii  nostri 
Elyensis  electi,  decimo  die  Novembris,  apud  Westmonasterium. 

Is  erat  tenor  prime  carte  nostre  in  primo  sigillo  nostro,  quod 
quia^  aliquando  perditum  fuit,  et,  dum  detenti  essemus  in 
Alemania,  in  aliena^  postestate  constitutum,  mutatum  est.  Hujus 
autem  innovationis  testes  sunt  hii :  H[ubertus]  Cantuarensis 
archiepiscopus ;  R[obertus]  Bangomensis  episcopus ;  Johannes 
comes  Moritonii ;  Hugo  de  Gomay ;  Thomas  de  Sancto  Walerico. 
Datum  per  manum  Thome  de  Haiden  vices  cancellarii  nostri 
tunc  agentis,  apud  Lions  xxx.  die  Novembris  anno  regni  nostri 
decimo. 

272.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 
to  the  brethren  of  the  Temple  of  Salomon  all  the  gifts  which 


1198,  30  Nov. 


[1189.] 

(Cartulaire  de 

Normandie. 

Trans.  177.) 


1  M.  Delisle  in  his  Cartulaire  Normand  (No.  47)  obserres  that  he  could  not  find 
this  charter  in  Carton  J.  918,  where  the  inventory  places  it.  The  Transcript  in 
Vol.  133,  No.  125,  is  taken  from  J.  919. 

2  Trans.  :  "  Quare."  '  "  ^Iia.' 


92 


MISCELLANEOUS  DOCUMENTS. 


[1189.] 


king  Henry  his  father  and  Alienor  his  mother,  and  all  those 
which  have  been  or  shall  be  made  to  them  by  his  men  through- 
out his  land.  And  all  their  men  shall  be  free  from  chevauchee, 
from  the  host,  from  forced  labour  (biennia),  from  watch 
(eschegata)  and  all  dues. 

Testibus  :  Baldwino  Cantuarensi  archiepiscopo,  etc.  (sic). 


1198,  31  Oct. 

(Original,  sealed, 

Tresor  des  Charles. 

Trans.  168.     See 

Delisle's  Cartulaire 

Normand,  No.  47, 

as  from  J.  818  ; 

also  Vol.  133, 

No.  124,  as  from 

J.  919.) 


273.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  to  all  those  in  whose 
custody  and  bail  wicks  the  brethren  of  the  Temple  hold  lands. 
They  are  to  guard  the  possessions  of  the  brethren  as  his  own 
The  brethren  are  under  his  protection,  and  are  not  to  be  im- 
pleaded for  anything  except  before  himself  or  his  chief  justice, 
or  by  his  special  precept. 

Teste  meipso  apud  Leon[em]  xxxj.  die  Octobris  anno  regni 
nostri  decimo. 


[N.  D.]  274.  Memorandum  that  the  king  [Henry  II.]  had  from  the 

(Codex  eburneus  in  church  of  Rouen,  when  duke,  33  marcs  of  gold  from  the  tablet 

°"fo.  18  ^^^^'     (if^bula)  which  used  to  be  placed  before  the  altar,  and  a-  gold 

Trans.  75.)        textus  with  precious  stones  and  two  great  silver  candlesticks 

worth  30  marcs.     When  king,  he  had  a  gold  crown  worth  300 

marcs  of  silver,  which  his  grandfather  king  Henry  had  bequeathed 

to  the  church  of  Rouen,  to  buy  a  rent[charge]  for  the  use  of  the 

canons.     During  the  war  between  himself  and  his   son,  when 

the    city  of    Rouen    was    besieged,  he    had   a  gold  chalice  of 

6  marcs  and  17  marks  of  gold  from  the  remains  of  the  above 

tablet,  and  two  silver  laveis  (pelves)  of  8  marcs,  and  a  silver 

paten   of   8  marcs,  which  the   lord   Robert  de   Novo   Burgo 

bequeathed   to  the  church  of  Eouen,  and  a  silver  textus  worth 

40  pounds  of  Anjou. 


[Circ.  1150.] 

(Original  in 

archives. 
Trans.  417.) 


[?  1169.1] 

([No  reference.] 

Trans.  128.) 

iSee  Menage, 

Histoire  de  Sable, 

p.  376. 


275.  Charter  of  William  de  Roumare  earl  of  Lincoln, 
addressed  to  all  his  barons  of  Normandy,  present  and  future. 
He  gives  to  William  de  Claramara  the  land  which  belonged  to 
Roger  his  grandfather  [and]  which  Roger  himself  cleared 
(sartavit),  to  be  held  of  him  and  his  heirs,  by  William  and 
his  heirs  freely  for  20  shillings  a  year,  10  at  the  feast  of 
St.  Gertrude  and  10  at  that  of  St.  Victor.  For  this  grant 
William  has  given  him  60  shillings  in  money  of  the  Roumois 
(Roviasnimorum). 

Testibus  istis  :  Gileberto  de  Cantolupo ;  Willelmo  de  Teliolo ; 
Oliver  de  Teliolo ;  Willelmo  de  Ymmovilla,  et  Radulfo  de 
Ymmovilla,  et  Roger  nigro,  et  Gralfrido  (sic)  de  Piseio. 

276.  Charter  [much  damaged]  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to 
the  bishop  of  Angers  and  all  his  men  and  lieges  of  Touraine 
and  Anjou.  In  honour  of  the  Trinity  and  the  Virgio  Mary, 
he  has— at  the  entreaty  of  bishops,  abbots,  canons,  barons, 
knights, — caused  the  dykes  (tursie)  to  be  inhabited,  and  having 


•  See  Eobert  of  Torigny  (EoUs  Ed.,  p.  242.) 


SEINE  INFERIEUEE.  93 


[?1169.] 

seen  and  learnt  the  trouble  and  loss  [caused  by]  the  Loire  he 
releases,  of  his  piety,  those  who  may  dwell  on  the  dykes  (super 
tv/rsias)  from  the  host  and  chevaucMe  unless  he  summons 
them  in  the  name  of  war.  Should  he  or  his  heir  after  him,  who 
shall  be  lord  of  Anjou,  [summon  them]  they  shall  all  come  to 
one  banner  (vexillum).  And  by  the  care  of  his  officers  who 
shall  have  charge  of  the  dykes  they  shall  labour  for  tlieir  defence 
and  maintenance  where  needed  while  the  count  of  Anjou  is  with 
the  host  ....  [imperfect]  ....  Moreover,  to  all  who 
may  dwell  on  the  dykes  he  grants  in  common  that  they  shall 
be  quit,  towards  their  lords,  from  all  collections  except  for 
knighting  their  eldest  sons_.  marrying  their  eldest  daughters,  or 
redeeming  themselves.  And  no  custom  shall  be  paid  him  on 
whatever  moveables  they  buy  or  sell  among  themselves,  but 
only  on  the  merchandise  any  stranger  merchant  may  buy  of 

them Aud  should  any  serfs  reside  there,  their 

lords  shall  take  from  them  no  more  their  poll-tax  (capitagium) 
of  fourpence  so  long  as  they  remain  there. 

Testibus :  F[rogerio]'  abbate  Saneti  Florentii ;  A[imerico]^ 
abbate  de  Burg[u]l[i]o ;  [Johanne  subdecano]  Saneti  Martini  de 
Restineio  ;  W[illelmo]  de  Montesorello  et  W[illelmo]  filio  suo  ; 
Joscel[ino]  Rooaardo  ;  Ulgerio  de  Insula  ;  Aimerico  Savarici ; 
Aimerico  de  Aveirs :  Hugone  de  Qeers ;  et  de  curia  Regis, 
WiUelmo  comite  de  Arundel ;  Riccardo  de  Humeto ;  [Stephano] 
de  Turonis,  camerario  regis.  Apud  prata  Saneti  Florencii  in 
valea. 

[?  1188.]  277.  Letter  from  Robert  Calcensis  to  Henry  II.     By   the 

(Original  in  king's  permission,  he  has  taken  the  cross  and  is  going  to 
Tra"s  505 )  Jerusalem.  For  the  money  that  he  is  taking  with  him  he  has 
committed  (interposui)  and  entrusted  (comendavi)  his  land  for 
three  years  to  William  Calcensis  his  nephew  (nepoti)  for  the 
repayment  of  his  debts  from  the  rent  of  his  land.  He  prays, 
therefore,  the  king's  clemency,  for  the  love  of  God  and  of 
himself,  to  cause  this  arrangement  to  be  maintained,  should 
anyone  wish  to  disturb  it.  He  also  notifies  him  that  he  makes 
(facio)  the  said  William  heir  of  all  his  land,  and  his  [William's] 
heir  after  him.  He  prays  him,  therefore,  that  if  anyone  should 
be  tempted  to  oppose  this  his  disposition  and  grant,  the  king 
will  rebuke  him,  and  cause  WiUiam  and  his  heir  to  hold  that 
land  by  such  service  as  is  testified  in  the  king's  charter 
concerning  the  agreement  between  William  de  Roumare,  his 
lord,  and  himself,  at  Burum.*  Of  his  making  William  [Calcen- 
sis] and  his  successors  his  heirs  the  following  are  witnesses : — 

Durannus  de  Lunerio ;  magister  Rogerius ;  Turoldus  pres- 
biter ;  Rogerius  Calcensis ;  Robertus  frater  ejus  ;  Giroldus  de 
Norm  an  villa;  Walterius  de  Limesio  ;  Radulfo  de  Wesnevalle ; 
Willelmus  frater  ejus;  Walter[i]us  frater  ejus;  Robertus 
Blancardus ;  Rogerus  de  Flenvilla. 


1  1160-1173.  "  Trans.:  "  D." 

3  Duchy  of  Lancaster  :  Royal  Charters,  No.  36. 


94  MISCELLANEOUS  DOCUMENTS. 


(Origipal  in  278.    Inspeximus    by    Henry    [?  Hubert],     archbishop    of 

Trans.  207.")       Canterbury  of  the  foUowing: — 

[1193.]  Notification  by  A[dam]  de  Talewrth  that,  having  received 

150  marcs  sterling,  at  13  shillings  and  fourpence  sterling  to 
the  marc,  on  the  security  (sub  fidejussione)  of  P[eter]  bishop  of 
Porto  (Portuensis)  from  certain  creditors,  whose  names  are 
given  in  the  charters  of  that  surety  (fidejussor),  he  has 
appointed  J[ohD]  canon  of  Hereford  surety  and  chief  debtor 
with  himself  to  the  said  bishop  for  that  debt,  so  that  they  both, 
with  their  incomes,  lay  as  well  as  clerical,  are  subject  to  excom- 
munication, suspension,  and  interdict,  if  the  said  debt  shall  not 
be  paid  at  the  next  fair  of  Troyes  (nundinis  Treoen')  when  they 
have  sworn  on  the  gospels  to  pay  it  him.  And  if  it  shall  not 
be  then  paid,  one  marc  shall  increase,  on  each  ten  marcs  lent, 
to  be  paid,  with  the  debt,  at  another  (alias  nundinas).  And 
for  the  greater  indemnity  of  the  said  bishop,  both  for  the  debt 
and  for  the  [said]  penalty  and  expenses  J[ohn]  de  Solemgn[eio] 
and  R[alf]  son  of  William  the  Chamberlain  de  Tankervilla  and 
Wischard  Leidett  and  R[oger]  de  Sancto  Germano,  and  AJan 
son  of  Alan  de  Sorham'  liave  appointed  themselves  sureties  and 
chief  debtors,  as  intermediates  (fide  media)  for  repayment  of 
the  debt  when  called  upon,  if  the  creditors  be  not  satisfied  at 
the  term  agreed  upon  above.  They  have  all  sealed  the  charter 
to  render  it  of  lasting  force. 

[1193.]  Charter  of  B[erengaria],  queen  of  the  English,  duchess  of 

9  April.  the  Normans  and  Aquitanians,  countess  of  the  Angevins,  and 
Joan  formerly  queen  and  lady  of  the  Sicilians.  Adam  son  of 
Adam  de  Talewrth  and  master  John  de  Tolosa  canon  of 
Hereford  have  borrowed  150  marcs  sterling,  at  13  shillings  and 
fourpence  sterling  to  the  marc,  from  Roman  citizens  whose 
names  are  given  in  charters,  in  their  presence  and  in  that  of 
companions  (socii)  of  their  lord  the  king  of  England,  namely 
Geofirey  de  Vendosm',  William  de  Roches,  Rogo  de  Sac[eio],^ 
and  Stephen  de  Tomham',  and  Guy  de  Bernez',  binding  them- 
selves by  corporal  oath  to  repay  the  money  at  the  fair  of  Troyes 
and  appointing  P[eter]  bishop  of  Porto  surety  to  the  Roman 
creditors  at  the  prayer  [and]  by  the  witness  of  both  queens.  And 
for  his  greater  security,  they  have  given  John  de  Suloeitum 
(sic),^  Guischard  Leidett',  Roger  de  Sancto  Germano,  Alan  son  of 
Alan  de  Sorham,  to  the  said  bishop  as  sureties  who  are  bound  to 
pay  the  said  money  when  called  on,  if  the  debtors  shall  not 
have  paid  it  at  the  term  appointed.  In  order  that  the  bishop 
may  suffer  no  loss  for  [doing]  this,  for  which  he  rather  deserves 
their  favour  and  that  of  their  lord  the  king,  they  have  com- 
manded Walter  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  the  other  co-justiciaries 
(covjusticiariis)  of  England  that  if  the  said  debtors  or  sureties 
shall  not  repay  the  money  as  agreed,  they  shall  compel  them, 
through  their  tenements  and  possessions,  and  in  every  way,  to 
repay  the  money  and  make  good  the  losses  and  expenses  incurred 

1  Trans, :  "  Sat."  2  fieotius  :  "  SoKgneio." 


SEINE  INFEEIEURE. 


95 


[1196.] 

10  Feb. 

(Codex  eburneus 

in  Bouen  Library, 

fo.  11. 

Trans.  167.) 


[1193.] 

by  tbe  bishop  or  the  creditors  in  recovering  it,  and  confiscating, 
if  need  be,  their  tenements  and  possessions,  shall  pay  the  actual 
money  out  of  the  treasury  {de  fisco  regio).  They  grant  these 
letters,  under  their  seal  {nostra  sigillo)  to  the  bishop  in  token, 
that  this  is  done  in  their  presence  and  that  of  the  companions  of 
the  lord  king. 

Test[ibus]  nobis  ipsis  apud  Lateranum  ix.  die  Aprilis  anno 
primo  post  reditum  nostrum  de  Sirya. 

279.  Letter  of  Richard  I.  to  Walter  archbishop  of  Rouen. 
He  thanks  him  greatly  for  so  promptly  and  kindly  removing 
the  interdict  from  the  land  of  the  king  of  France  ;  but  as  the 
earl  of  Leicester,  who  has  suffered  much  for  his  loyalty  to 
himself  is  detained  in  captivity  because  the  archbishop  has  not 
yet  quitclaimed  (quietastis)  the  king  of  French  for  the  cause 
of  the  interdict,  he  begs  him  for  love  of  himself,  and  for  the 
earl's  release,  to  execute  letters  patent,  and  to  despatch  them  to 
the  king  of  the  French,  absolving  him  and  quitclaiming  the 
cause  of  the  interdict — especially  as  he  [Richard]  has  made  him 
satisfaction  on  behalf  of  the  said  king — and  [assuring  him]  that 
he  will  no  longer  demand  this  of  him. 

Teste  meipso  apud  Salmuram  x.  die  Februarii. 

280.  Charter  of  Geoffrey  de  Sai  and  of  Geoffrey,  son  of 
the  said  Geoffrey  and  of  Aeliza  de  Kaisneio.  For  their  weal 
and  that  of  all  their  friends,  and  for  the  souls  of  the  said  Aeliza 
de  Kaisneio  and  of  William  her  son  and  of  William  earl  de 
Magnavilla,  they  give  to  the  hospital  of  the  blessed  Thomas  the 
Martyr  at  Drinco[u]rt  and  the  poor  brethren  dwelling  in  it  the 
wood  of  Periers  (Pirariis),  with  all  its  appurtenances  within 
and  without,  and  the  church  of  St.  Nicholas  of  Monnouval, 
with  all  its  appurtenances,  for  the  support  of  the  aforesaid 
poor  brethren  in  frank  almoin.  And  they  deliver  this  charter 
into  the  hand  of  their  worshipful  father  and  lord,  Walter  arch- 
bishop of  Rouen,  who,  at  their  urgent  prayer,  has  freely 
bestowed  the  said  endowment  on  those  poor  brethren. 

Actum  est  hoc  apud  Rothomagum  in  capella  domini  et  patris 
nostri  Walterii  archiepiscopi,  post  missam  de  "  puer  natus  est " 
prima  die  mensis  Januarii.  anno  ab  incarnatione  domini 
Mocoxcoviii°  testibus  his:  WUlelmo  de  Constanciis,  magistro 
Garino  Angli[co],  archidiaconis ;  magistro  Simone  cancellario  ; 
magistro  Johanne  de  Sagio,  Drogone  de  Trublevilla,  Henrico 
de  Andeli,  canonicis  Rothomagensibus ;  magistro  Eustachio ; 
Roberto  de  Sancto  Nichasio  ;  Gaufrido  decano  de  Sancto  Salvio ; 
Johanne  de  Pratellis ;  Micha[e]le  de  Fossa ;  Ricardo  de  Blevilla, 
et  aliis  multis. 

[1199-1212.]  281.  Charter  of  Mauger  bishop  of  Worcester,  W[  ]  prior 
(Necrology  of  the  of  Little  Malvem  and  Luke  de  Cally,  executors  of  the  will 
*'*"TroM  334)°'"    (fi^<i'^tores  testamenti)  oi  Peter  Caballus,  clerk.     They  notify 


1198, 

[?  1199.] 

1  Jan. 

(Original  in 

Library 

of  NeufeMtel. 

Trans.  475.) 


'  Several  extracts  from  this  Necrology  relating  to  the  obits  of  kings  and 
magnates  are  included  in  M.  Deville's  Transcripts.  They  are  all  printed  in  Bouquet, 
vol.  xxiii. 


96  MISCELLANEOUS  DOCUMENTS. 

[1199-1212.] 

that  Peter,  in  his  last  moments,  specially  bequeathed  with  his 
own  mouth,  certain  of  his  goods,  and  committed  to  them  the 
general  disposition  of  all  his  other  goods.  Out  of  regard  for 
the  weal  of  his  soul,  they  ordained,  concerning  his  stone  house 
at  Rouen,  which  belonged  to  Reginald  Buglarius,  as  follows :  the 
two  daughters  of  Richard  de  St.  Wandrille  were  to  have  a 
moiety  of  the  house,  and  the  two  daughters  of  Renold  Marecot, 
nieces  of  deceased,  the  other  moiety,  as  a  marriage  portion,  on 
condition  that  their  fathers  paid,  in  return,  to  them,  or  to  Luke 
de  Cailly  in  their  place,  20^  pounds  [in  money]  of  Tours  for  the 
poor.  If  they  should  refuse,  Luke  de  Cailly  was  to  have  that 
house,  paying  to  the  aforesaid  nieces  of  the  deceased,  40  pounds 
to  [the  first]  two  and  40  to  [the  other]  two,  saving  to  the  chapter 
of  the  church  of  Rouen  40  shillings  [in  money]  of  Tours  to  be 
received  annually  from  that  house  for  the  anniversary  of  tlie 
deceased.  On  this  their  appointment  being  laid  before  the 
fathers  of  the  said  girls,  Richard  de  St.  Wandrille,  refusing  the 
moiety  of  the  said  house,  preferred  that  40  pounds  of  Tours 
[money]  should  be  counted  out  (numerari)  to  his  two  daughters 
in  its  place ;  [but]  Renold  Marescot  preferred  to  receive  pos- 
session, on  the  above  condition,  of  the  moiety  falling  to  the  share 
of  his.  They  have  therefore  given  him  possession  of  the  said 
moiety  in  the  name  of  his  daughters,  and  he  has  subsequently 
satisfied  them  as  to  the  said  40  pounds  of  Tours  [money].  He 
will  also  pay  annually  to  the  chapter  of  Rouen  20  shillings 
of  Tours  [money],  for  his  moiety,  towards  the  anniversary  of 
the  deceased. 

'  Sic  in  Transcript. 


97 


CATHEDRAL   CHURCH    OF 
ST.  MARY,  EVREUX, 

FOR  SECULAR  CANONS. 


[Cartulary^  of  the  See,  G.  6,  and  Cartulary  of  tlie  Chapter, 
G.  122,  in  Archives  of  the  Eure.] 


[1113-1122.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  6,  fo.  9  ;  and 

G.  122,  fo.  41. 

Trans.  23.) 


[1114-1135.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  6,  fo.  110;  and 

G.  122,  fo.  41. 

Trans.  24.) 


282.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  G[eoffrey]  archbishop 
of  Rouen,  and  John  bishop  of  Lisieux,  and  Stephen  count  of 
Mortain,  and  Robert  de  Haia,  etc.  A  fair  is  to  be  held  at 
Nonancourt  on  the  day  of  St.  Mary  Magdalene  and  two  days 
previous.  All  on  their  way  to  or  from  it  are  specially  to  enjoy 
his  peace.  Oin  bishop  of  Evreux  is  to  have  a  moiety  of  the 
issues  and  himself  a  moiety. 

Testibus :  Rannulfo  cancellario,  et  Nigello  de  Albin[iaco]. 
Apud  Westmonasterium. 

283.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  primate  and 
bishops  of  Normandy.  He  gives  and  grants  for  the  weal  of  the 
souls  of  his  father  and  his  mother  and  his  wife  Maud,  and  of 
his  own,  to  the  church  of  Evreux  and  Audin  its  bishop,  for  ever, 
all  the  churches  and  tithes  of  Nonancourt,  and  of  Vemeuil, 
and  of  the  port  of  Vernon,  with  some  smaller  benefactions. 

Testibus  :  T[urstano]  archipiscopo  Eboracensi,  et  R[oberto]  de 
sigillo,  et  N[igello]  nepote  episcopi,  et  G[aufrido]  filio  Pagani. 
Apud  Toucamp. 

284.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  bishop  of  Evreux 
and  his  lieges  of  the  bishoprick.  He  confirms  th6  gift,  by 
Richard  de  Herescort  and  Emma  his  wife  and  Gilbert  hid  step- 
son (privignus)  of  the  church  of  Esmanville  to  the  church  of 
Evreux  as  a  prebend. 

Testibus :  Turstino  Eboracensi  archiepiscopo,  [et]^  Bernardo 
episcopo  de  Sancto  Davit.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

[1123-1133.]        285.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  bishops  of  Norwich 

(Cartulary,        and  Ely,  and  his  lipges  of  Sufiblk.     He  gives  and  grants  to 

%rans'^26)*''      ^™  bishop   of  Evreux  his  manor  of  Bramford  (Branfort)  and 

forty  shillings  a  year  from  sokemen  in  the  Hundreds  of  Claydon 


[1115-1135.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  i2d. 

Trans.  28.) 


'  Of  the  14th  century. 


e    92684. 


2  The  hracketed  word  omitted  in  Transcript. 

G 


98 


CATHEDR4L  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,.  EVREUX. 


[1123-1133.] 

(Clq,indone)  and  Basmere  (Bosemere).  He  is  to  hold  as  the 
king  held,  with  freedom  from  shire  [courts],  hundred  [courts], 
geld,  danegeld,  pleas,  and  aids. 

Testibus:  G[aufrido]   cancellario,   et  Roberto  de   sigillo,    et 
G[aufrido]  de  Clintona.     Apud  Londoniam. 

[1123-1135.]  286.  Writ  of  Henry  I.  addressed  generally.     The  corrody 

(Cartulary,        (corredium)  and  everything  belonging  to  the  bishop  of  Evreux, 
G.  fftom^vidimlt  ^^^"^^  ^^^  "^^n  can  testify  (affidare)  to  be  of  his  demesne,  is  to 
by  chapter],  fo.  12.)  be  free  of  toll  and  all  dues,  under  penalty  of  ten  pounds. 
Teste  Roberto  de  sigillo.     Apud  Thouc[am]. 


1131. 

(Cartulary, 

G.  6,  fo.  9;  and 

G.  122,  fo.  ild. 

Trans.  20.) 


[1130-1133.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  6d. 

Trans.  25.) 


287.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  generally.  He  gives 
and  grants  to  the  church  of  [St.  Mary  of]  Evreux  and 
Audin  the  bishop  the  tithe  of  all  his  revenues  at  Verneuil, 
and  settles  the  dispute  between  that  church  and  the  monks  of 
St.  Evroul  by  consent  of  Audin  bishop  of  Evreux,  War[in] 
abbot  of  St.  Evroul,  and  Peter  abbot  of  Blois. 

Testibus  hiis :  Hugone  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi,  et 
J[ohanne]  episcopo  Sagiensi,  et  R[oberto]  de  sig[illo],  et 
]SIig[ello]  episcopi  nepote,  et  Johanne  baiocensi,  et  R[oberto] 
comite  Gloecestrise  filio  meo,  et  G[aufrido]  filio  Pagani,  et 
Willelmo  iilio  Odonis.     Apud  Rodolium. 

288.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
to  St.  Mary  of  Evreux  the  land  of  Bramford  {Branfort)  in 
Suffolk  (SudfolG)  with  its  appurtenances,  which  he  had  pre- 
viously given  to  Audin  bishop  of  Evreux,  and  which  Audin, 
with  his  consent  and  permission,  had  given  in  alms  to  that 
church.  The  church  of  St.  Mary  is  to  hold  that  land  as  it  was 
held  by  the  bishop. 

Testibus  :  T[urstano]  archiepiscopo  Eboracensi,  et  H[ugone] 
archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi,  et  B[ernardo]  episcopo  Sanct[i] 
David,  et  H[enrico]  episcopo  Winton[iensi],  et  W[illelmo]  comite 
'War[enne],  et  S[tephano]  comite  Mor[itolii],  et  M[ilone] 
Gloecestrie,  et  P[agano]  filio  Johannis,  et  G[aufrido]  filio  Pagani. 

289.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  his  officers  for 
Normandy  and  Rouen.  He  grants  to  Oin  (Oyno)  bishop  of 
Evreux  the  land  and  house  at  Rouen  which  the  said  bishop  had 
purchased  from  Peter,  son  of  William  Brunus,  the  king's  clerk, 
and  from  Rannulf  the  writer,  for  100  shillings  of  Rouen,  for  the 
use  of  the  church  of  Evreux.  The  house  to  be  held  as  freely  as 
it  was  by  William. 

Testibus :  Adel[ulfo]  episcopo  Carlol[ensi],  et  comite  Legre- 
cestrie,  et  Rogero  de  Fiscanno,  et  Willelmo  de  Ely,  et  Radulfo 
de  Hasting.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

1135.  290.  Charter   of   Henry  I.    addressed   generally.  *   In  the 

[Ante  1  Aug.]  presence  of  Hugh  archbishop  of  Rouen,  J[ohn]  bishop  of  Lisieux, 

(Cartulary,        A[udin]  bishop  of  Evi'eux,  J[ohn]  bishop  of  S^ez,  and  A[lgar] 

%llns  %2%^'     b^^W  o^  Ooutances,  and  by  the  common  counsel,  and  consent  of 

1  See  No.  9  (p.  2). 


[1133-1135.] 

(Cartulary, 
G.  6,  fo.  9  ;  and 
G.  122,  fo.  ild. 

Trans.  21.) 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  EVREUX.   99 


1135. 


all  the  barons  below,  thia  has  been  decreed  and  established  con- 
cerning those  who  slay  men  in  the  truce  and  peace  of  the  church 
and  break  truce  :  namely,  that  if  the  slayer  be  challenged  to 
trial  by  battle,  that  battle  shaU  be  held  in  the  king's  court ;  and 
if  he  be  convicted,  the  bishop  in  whose  diocese  it  was  done  shall 
have  his  fine,  that  is,  nine  pounds  of  the  convict's  money,  from 
the  hand  of  the  king's  justice.  If  his  money  amounts  to  more, 
the  balance  shall  be  the  king's ;  if  to  less,  the  bishop  shall  have 
it  all,  and  so  there  shall  be  nothing  taken  for  the  king  until  the 
bishops  receive  tlie  full  fine.  If  the  challenger  should  make 
default,  the  slayer  shall  purge  himself  in  church  by  the  hands 
and  the  ordeal  (judicium)  of  the  church  ;  and  if  he  should 
be  there  convicted,  the  fine  shall  be  dealt  with  as  above.  And 
if  he  should  escape  the  punishment  of  slayers  and  offenders, 
and  leave  the  king's  land,  it  shall  be  the  same  with  the  fine. 
And  if  he  should  make  his  peace  with  the  king,  that  peace  shall 
not  comprise  the  bishop's  fine,  but  he  shall  pay  it  to  the  bishop, 
or  make  his  peace  for  it  with  him. 

Testibus  :  comite  Gloecestrie,  et  St[ephano]  comite  Moritonii, 
et  Roberto  comite  Leg[recestrie],  et  Willelmo  [sic]  Giffart,  et 
B[riennio]  filio  comitis,  et  R[?  oberto]  de  C[ur]ci,  et  Hugone 
Bigot,  et  Willelmo  filio  Odonis,  et  Willelmo  filio  Johannis, 
apud  Rothomagum  anno  gratiae  M"  et  c°  et  xxxv.  presentibus 
Nig[ello]  Eliensi  episcopo,  et  Aelolfo  Carlol[ensi]  episcopo,  et 
R[oberto]  de  sig[illo]. 


[1137.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  6,  fo.  8  !  and 

G.  122,  fo.  9. 

Trans.  54.) 


291.  Charter  of  Stephen,  repeating  above  charter  of  Henry, 
and  [purporting  to  be]  issued  in  the  presence  of  the  same  five 
prelates. 

Testibus :  episcopo  Carlol[ensi]  ;  G[aleranno]  comite  de 
MeUent,  et  Unfrido  de  Buh[un],  et  Rob[erto]  Avenell[o].  Apud 
Ebroicas. 


[1137.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  7. 

Trans.  59.) 


[1137.] 

(Cartulary, 
G.  122,  fo.  7. 
Trans.  60.) 


292.  Charter  of  Stephen,  addressed  to  Hugh  archbishop 
of  Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  He  grants  a  fair  in 
his  castle  of  Nonancourt  for  three  days  annually,  as  insti- 
tuted by  his  uncle  king  Henry.  The  church  of  Evreux  is  to 
have  half  its  profits,  and  he  the  other  half.  All  are  to  be  in 
[the  king's]  peace  going  thither,  and  returning. 

Testibus  :  A[delolfo]  episcopo  Carlolensi,  et  H[enrico]  de 
Soilli,  et  G[aleranno]  comite  de  MetUent,  et  R[oberto]  comite 
Legr[ecestrie],  et  Umfrido  de  Buh[un].     Apud  Ebroicas. 

293.  Charter  of  Stephen,  addressed  to  H[ugh]  archbishop 
of  Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  For  the  souls  of  king 
Henry  his  uncle  and  lord,  and  of  his  own  relatives,  and  for 
the  weal  of  himself,  his  wife,  his  brothers  and  his  sons,  he 
confirms  to  St.  Mary's,  fivreux,  and  bishop  Audin  king  Henry's 
gift  of  all  the  churches  of  Nonancourt,  with  the  tithes  of  fields, 
mills,   ovens,   and   all  his  revenues  there,   and  a  carucate  of 

G  2 


100 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  EVEEUX. 


[1137.] 


[1137.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  to.  6d. 

Trans.  61.) 


[1135-1139.] 

;  (Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  7rf. 

Trans.  58.) 


[1185-1139.] 

(Cartulary, 
G.  122,  fo.  7. 
Trans.  57.) 


[?  1139.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  6,  fo.  10  ;  and 

G.  122,  fo.  41d. 

Trans.  317.) 


land  and  two  houses  in  the  town  free  from  dues  ;  also  all  the 
churches  of  Verneuil  with  the  tithes,  etc.,  and  the  tithe  of  the 
port  of  Vernon,  which  was  in  king  Henry's  demesne,  when  he 
made  the  gift.   ■  ■ 

Testibus  :  Adel[olfo]  episcopo  Oarlolensi,  G[aleranno]  comite 
de  Metll[ent],  et  E[oberto]  comite  Legrec[estrie],  et  H[enrico]  de 
Solli  nepote  regis,  et  Humfrido  de  Bnh[un],i  et  R[oberto] 
Avenello.     ApudEbroicas. 

294.  Charter  of  Stephen,  addressed  generally.  He  confirms 
to  St.  Mary's,  Evreux,  the  land  of  Bramford  (Branfort)  in 
Sudfolc,  as  his  uncle  king  Henry  gave  it  to  bishop  Audin, 
and  the  bishop  to  the  church  by  king  Henry's  permission. 

Testibus:  A[delolfo]  episcopo  Carl[olensi],  et  H[enrico]  de 
Soilli/  et  G[aleranno]  comite  de  Metll[ent],  et  Umfrido  de 
Buth[un],  et  R[oberto]  comite  Legrecestrie,  et  K[oberto] 
AYeneU[o].     Apud  Ebroicas. 

295.  Charter  of  Stephen,  addressed  to  the  bishops  of  Nor- 
wich and  Ely  and  to  all  his  officers  of  Sufiblk.  He  restores 
to  Audin  bishop  of  Evreux  the  manor  of  Branfort  and  the 
sochemannes  of  Claidon  and  Bosemere  and  Lose  Hundreds 
which  king  Henry  had  given  him.  The  manor  is  to  be  held 
as  freely  as  by  king  Henry  when  it  was  in  its  hands,  and  its 
men  to  be  quit  of  pleas  and  shire  [courts]  and  hundred  [courts] 
and  gelds  and  danegeld  and  aids  to  the  justice  and  sheriff 
(auxiliis  justic'  et^  vicec')  as  by  king  Henry's  charter. 

Testibus  :  R[ogero]  cancellario,  et  R[ogero]  de  Fisc[anno],  et 
R[oberto]  de  Ver,  et  Willelnao  Martel.  Apud  Westm[onas- 
terium]. 

296.  Charter  of  Stephen,  addressed  to  the  bishop  of  Norwich 
and  all  his  oflBcers  of  Normandy  and  Suffolk  (Sudf).  He 
gives  to  the;  canons  of  St.  Mary's,  Evreux,  half  the  rent  and 
profits  of  the  manor  of  Branford,  as  Aldoen  (sic)  bishop  of 
Evreux  gave  [it]  them  by  his  charter,  king  Henry  having  given 
it  him  by  his  charter,  and  he  [Stephen]  afterwards. 

Testibus:  T[urstano]  archiepiscopo  Eboracensi,  et  E,[ogero] 
cancellario,  et  R[otrodo]  com[ite]  de  Pertica,  et  Rannulfo  de 
Baioc[is],  et  Ric[herio]*  de  Aquila.     Apud  Oxeneford. 

297.  Letter  of  T[hurstan]  archbishop  of  York  to  0[do  ?] 
the  dean  and  the  canons  of  St.  Mary's,  Evreux.  They  are 
aware  that  he,  who  bought  it,  and  his  brother,  their  bishop 
[Oin],  to  whom  he  had  given  it,  gave  to  Gilbert  his  [brother's] 
chamberlain  their  house  in  Rouen  to  be  held  of  their  church 
and  bishop.  He  implores  them  therefore  to  uphold  Gilbert, 
and  to  help  him,  both  on  account  of  his  rights  and  for  the 
bishop's  soul,  in  gratitude  for  the  bishop's  love  and  kindness 
towards  them. 

'  Trans.:  "Bulhun."  ^  Cartulary  :" Soiri "  in  error. 

■'  Trans.  :  "  Justitiae  et  Tioecomitatus." 

*  Trans. :   "  Eicardo."     So  also  Invenfaire  Sommaire. 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  EVREUX.       101 


[1155.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  Id. 

Trans.  86.) 


298.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
to  St.  Mary's,  Evreux,  the  manor  of  Branfort  in  Suffolk  and 
40  solidates  in  sochemen  in  Clandone  Hundred  and  Bosemere 
Hundred,  which  king  Henry  his  grandfather  gave  to  Oin 
bishop  of  Evreux,  to  be  held  as  freely  as  his  grandfather  held  it 
in  his  demesne. 

Testibus  :  Philippo  Baiocensi  episcopo ;  Jocellino  Saresbiriensi 
episcopo ;  Hylario  Cicestrensi  episcopo ;  Thoma  cancellario ; 
Rag[inaldo]  comite  Comubie ;  Roberto  comite  Legreeestrie. 
Apud  Norh[antonam]. 


[1166-1162.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  40. 

Trans.  88.) 


[1165-1174] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  6,  fo.  99  ;  and 

G.  122,  fo.  41  (f. 

Trans.  84.) 


\Circ.  1174.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  6,  fo.  10;  and 

G.  122,  fo.  AOd. 

Trans.  85.) 


[1170-1175.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  43d. 

Trans,  82.) 


299.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  (as  king  of  the  English  \rex 
AngV]  only)  addressed  to  the  bishop  of  Lisieux  and  his  lieges 
of  Normandy.  It  has  been  decided  (recognitum)  before  him  at 
Argentan  that  John  count  of  Ponthieu  owes  to  the  church  of 
St.  Mary,  Evreux,  a  wax  candle  (cereum),  every  year,  [worth] 
20  shillings  of  such  money  as  is  current  in  Normandy,  for  the  fee 
of  Montgomery  which  he  holds  of  that  church  and  of  the  bishop 
of  Evreux. 

Testibus :  Phillippo  Baiocensi,  et  Amulfo  Lexoviensi,  et  Hylario 
Cicestrensi  episcopis,  et  Thoma  cancellario,  et  comite  de  Mellent, 
et  Roberto  de  Novoburgo,  et  Willelmo  filio  Johannis,  et  Willelmo 
de  Ansgervilla.     Apud  Argentonum. 

300.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
and  confirms  to  all  who  dwell  at  Conde  (Condaium)  in  the  town 
of  the  bishop  of  Evreux  all  those  liberties  which  the  men  of 
Breteuil  (Britolium)  enjoy  throughout  his  territory. 

Testibus  :    Rotrodo  archiepiscopo   Rothomagensi ;    R[ogero] 
archiepiscopo    Eboracensi ;     A[rnulfo]     episcopo     Lexoviensi ; 
F[rogerio]   episcopo   Sagiensi ;    G[aufrido]    archidiacono   Can- 
t[uarensi]  ;  R[icardo]  archidiacono  Pictavensi ;  Roberto  decano . 
Ebroicensi.     Apud  Argentonum. 

301.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  He  grants  and  confirms  to 
those  who  dwell  at  Conde,  under  the  bishop  of  Evreux,  or  who 
may  receive  dwellings  there  all  the  customary  liberties  and 
quittances  of  those  of  Breteuil. 

Testibus :  Rotrodo  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo ;  WiUelmo 
comite  de  Mand[evilla] ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario ; 
Unfrido  de  Bohun ;  Reginaldo  de  Cortenai ;  Hugone  de  Laci ; 
Seherio  de  Quinci ;  Ricardo  de  Vernone  ;  Roberto  Marmion; 
Ricardo  de  Clavilla^  (sic) ;  Widone  de  Sancto  Walerico  ;  Willelmo 
Malo  Vicino  ;  Gerardo  de  Clavilla^  (sic).     Apud  Chivilli. 

302.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  He  confirmsto  John  son  of 
Luke  his  purchase  as  in  charter  following,  but  without  mention 
of  the  fine. 


1  This  name  should  certainly  be  "  Camvilla,"  which  suggests  the  date  oicirc.  1174 
for  the  charter. 


102 


CATHEDEAL  CHURCH  OP  ST.  MARY,  EVEEUX. 


[1170-1175.] 


[1181,  Oiro. 
March.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  43d. 

Trans.  84.) 


Testibus :  Kotrodo  Rothomagensi  archipiscopo,  et  E[gidio] 
Ebroicensi  episcopo ;  Willelmo  de  Curci  dapifero  ;  Willelmo  de 
Glanvilla ;  Nicholao  de  Veiocis.     Apud  Burum. 

303.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  He  confirms  to  John  the 
son  of  Luke  and  his  heirs  the  land  at  Rouen  in  front  of 
St.  Denis  which  belonged  to  Roger  rnagnus  the  canon,  and 
which  John  bought  from  Robert  the  harper  (citharista)  to 
whom  the  king  had  given  it  for  his  service,  arid  for  which  John 
afterwards  made  a  fine  in  the  king's  court  before  his  justices, 
at  Caen. 

Testibus :  Henrico  Baiocensi,  Frogero  Sagiensi,  Reginaldo 
Batoniensi,  Sefrido^  Cicestrengi,  episcopis ;  Gaufrido  Lincoln- 
ensi  electo ;  magistro  Waltero  de  Constanciis  Oxon[iensi]^  archi- 
diacono ;  Willelmo  Painel  Abrincensi  archidiacono ;  Stephano 
de  Turonis,  senescallo  Andegavie ;  Roberto  Marmion ;  Roberto 
de  Harewcort ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie ; 
Hamone  pincerna.    Apud  Argentun.'' 


[July  1181- 
March  1182.] 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  4Sd. 

Trans.  83.) 


[N.D.] 

(Cartulary, 
G.  122,  fo.  44.) 


[1189-1190.] 

(Cartulary, 
G.  122,  fo.  24.) 


304.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  others.  They  are  to  guard,  uphold,  and  protect  John 
bishop  of  Evreux,  and  everything  appertaining  to  him  and  his 
church,  as  the  king's  own.  Should  anyone  do  wrong  to  him  or 
his  in  anything,  they  are  to  see  that  he  has  full  and  speedy 
justice.  AH  who  used  to  pay  dues  or  service  to  his  predecessors 
are  to  be  made  to  pay  them  to  him. 

Testibus  Ric[ardo]  Winton[iensi]  episcopo ;  magistro  Waltero* 
de  Constanciis ;  Reginaldo  de  Cortenai.     Apud  Clarendon[am.] 

305.  Writ  of  Robert  earl  of  Leicester  addressed  to  his 
seneschals  and  bailiffs  of  Normandy.  They  are  to  guard,  main- 
tain, and  protect  the  substance,  holdings,  revenues,  and  men  of 
St.  Mary's,"  Evreux,  and  of  the  bishop  as  if  [they  were]  his 
demesne  substance  and  his  demesne  men.  They  are  therefore 
to  molest  them  wrongfully  in  nothing,  nor  suffer  them,  so  far 
as  they  can,  to  be  molested  by  others. 

Valete,  Avete,  Gaudete.     Amen. 

306.  Charter  of  Robert  earl  of  Leicester,  notifying  that, 
for  the  weal  of  the  souls  of  his  father  and  mother,  and  of  all 
his  predecessors,  and  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  [that]  of  P[arnel] 
his  wife,  and  all  their  children,  he  gives  and  grants  to  God  and 
St.  Mary's,  Evreux,  3  muids  of  wine  from  (in)  his  vineyards  at 
Paci  annually,  for  celebrating  masses  in  that  church,  of  good 
wine,  suitable  for  celebrating  masses.  Moreover,  he  gives  God 
and  St.  Mary  from  (in)  his  mills  at  Paci  one  s^tier  of  good 
wheat  suitable  for  making  hosts  for  the  celebration  of  masses. 
The  said  wine  and  wheat  shall  be  delivered  by  the  hand  of  his 
seneschal  at  vintage-time. 


'  Trans.  :   "Sesf "  in  error. 
'  Trans.  :  "  Argentum.' 


2  Trans.  :  "  OxeniiE." 
Trans.  ;  "  Willelmo  "  erroneously. 


CATHEDRAL  CHUECH  OF  ST.  MARY,  EVREUX.     103 


[1189-1190.] 


1189,1  22  Oct. 

(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  Id. 

Trans.  149.) 


1190,  2  Jan. 

(Cartulary, 
G.  6,  fo.  8. 
Trans.  158.) 


1192,  10  Jan. 

(Cartulary, 
G.  6,  fo.  9. 
Trans.  161.) 


Testibushiis:  Petronilla  comitissa  sponsa  mea ;  R[ogero]  dei 
gratia  electo  Sancte  Andree  ecclesie  de  Scocia,  et  R[oberto]  de 
Britol[io],  filiis  meis ;  Ernauto  de  Bosco ;  Roberto  fratre  sue ; 
Wiilelmo  Brustesauz  senescallo  de  Paci ;  Radulfo  de  Wans ; 
Matheo  de  Breeucort ;  Otonone  {sic)  de  Breeucort ;  Petro  filio 
suo  ;  Roberto  Neel ;  Radulfo  postel ;  Gilleberto  de  Cameles,  et 
multis  aliis. 

307.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
to  St.  Mary  of  Evreux  the  manor  of  Branfort  in  Sudfolc,  with 
its  appurtenances,-  and  40  solidates  in  socnaen,  and  in  Claydon 
{Clandon)  Hundred  and  Basmere  (Bosemere)  Hundred  which 
king  Henry  his  great-grandfather  had  given  to  bishop  Oin  and 


the  church  of  Evreux. 
by  Henry  T. 

Testibus :  Waltero 
Dunelmensi  episcopo ; 
Winthonensi    electo ; 


The  manor  is  to  be  held  as  freely  as 


Rothomagensi    archiepiscopo ;     Hugone 

Ricardo  Lundoniensi  electo ;  Godefrido 

Roberto    comite    Leicestrie ;    Wiilelmo 

comite   Arundelli ;    Wiilelmo  de    Sancto  Johanne  marescallo ; 

Johanne  de  Pratellis ;   Rogero  de  Pratellis ;  Hugone  Bardol ; 

Gaufrido  filio  Petri.      Datum  per  manum  Willelmi  de  Lungo 

campo  Elyensis  electi  et  cancellarii  nostri,  xxij.  die  Octobris. 

Apud  Winthon[iam]  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 

308.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  has 
granted  to  John  bishop  of  Evreux  and  his  successors  for  ever 
a  market  at  the  bishop's  town  of  Conde  on  Saturday.  No  one 
is  to  disturb  this  privilege. 

Testibus :  Waltero  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  Wiilelmo 
[filio]  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie ;  Wiilelmo  de  Humeto  con- 
stabulario ;  Roberto  de  Harew[cort].  Datum  apud  Vernolium  ii. 
die^  Januarii,  per  manum  Jobannis  archidiaconi  Lexoviensis, 
regni  nostri  anno  primo. 

309.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  restores 
and  confirms  to  Morehius  le  Diveis,^  the  fortified  house  (fortem 
domum)  of  Yllees,  with  all  its  appurtenances  which  has  been 
adjudged  to  him  as  his  right  and  inheritance  at  the  king's 
exchequer  at  Caen,  [as]  against  William  de  Aneto,  before 
William  son  of  Ralf,  the  king's  seneschal,  and  the  other  barons 
at  the  exchequer,  to  be  held  by  him  and  his  heirs  of  the  bishop  of 
Evreux,  by  the  service  due  from  the  fief.  The  bishop  is  to  hold 
it  of  the  king.  And  for  the  weal  of  his  and  his  ancestors'  souls, 
and  in  atonement  for  his  sins,  and  in  consideration  of  the  wrong 
wrought  to  the  church  of  Evreux,  he  gives  and  quitclaims  to 
the  said  Morehius  the  sum  of  money  which  his  ancestor  king 
Henry  devoted  to  the  fortification  of  the  said  house  of  Yllees. 

Testibus :  Roberto  comite  Leecestrie  ;  Gaufrido  de  Lezignan  ; 
Hugone  le  Brun ;  Andrea  de  Chauvigne ;  Radulfo  de  Mallion 
{sic);    Gaufrido  de  la  Cele;  Wiilelmo  de  Rupis;  Olivario  de 


'  "  1190,"  wrongly,  in  Inventaire  Sommaire. 
2  "II  idus"  (wrongly)  in  another  Cartulary  (G.  123). 
'  The  Inventaire  Sommaire  gives  "  Morelinio  le  Droeis,"  but  the  original 
Morehius,  though  the  reading  is  doubtful. 


favours 


104 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY,  EVREUX. 


1192. 


[1198,  13  Aug.] 
(Cartulary, 
G.  6,  fo.  92. 
Trans.  169.) 


[1181-1200.] 
(Cartulary, 

G.  122,  fo.  18<i. 
Trans.  427.) 


Rochefort ;  Rogero  de  Toone  ;  Gaufrido  de  Bruslone  ;  Baldwiiio 
de  Betune ;  Johanne  de  Pratellis  ;  Petro  de  Pratellis ;  Henrico 
de  Grac;  Garino  filio  Geroudi;  Gaufrido  de  Bosco ;  Gilleberto 
Malesmains;  Guillelmo  de  Mineres,  et  pluribus  aliis.  Datum 
per  manum  magistri  Phillippi  clerici  nostri,  apud  Japhe,^  anno 
tertio  regni  nostri,  x°  die  Januarii. 

310.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  confirms 
to  Cato  son. of  Moreheus  le  Diveis^  the  gift  he  restored  to 
Moreheus  his  father,  namely  the  fortified  house  (fortis  domus) 
Yllees,  with .  all  its  appurtenances  in  fees  and  demesnes,  etc., 
which  was  adjudged  to  Moreheus  his  father,  as  his  right  and 
inheritance,  at  the  king's  exchequer  at  Caen,  against  William 
de  Aneto,  before  William  son  of  Ralf  the  king's  seneschal,  and 
the  other  barons  of  the  king  then  at  his  exchequer,  to  be  held 
by  him  and  his  heirs  of  the  bishop  of  Evreux  by  the  service 
due  from  the  fief.  The  bishop  holds  the  fief  from  the  king  with 
his  temporalities  (regali  suo).  In  consideration  of  the  wrong 
wrought  to  the  church  of  Evreux,  the  king  also  quitclaims  to 
Cato  the  sum  of  money  which  his  ancestor  (atavus)  king 
Henry  devoted  to  the  fortification  of  the  said  house  of  Yllees. 
This  quitclaim  is  not  to  be  revoked  or  maligantly  undone  by  his 
successors. 

Testibus :  Radulf o  comite  de  Augo ;    Guillelmo  filio  Radulfi 
senescallo  nostro  ;  Giiillelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario  nostro  ; 
Guillelmo  Marescallo;  Guillelmo  de  Maloleone;   Guillelmo  de 
Stagno;  Stepbano  dePertico;  Gerardo  de  Fortnival ;  Roberto 
Tresgoz;      ......      camerario ;    Roguene  de    Saceis ; 

Johanne  de  Fraiscia  (sic) ;  Guidone  de  Troars ;  Bartholomeo 
de  Insula  et  pluribus  aliis. .  Datum  per  manum  Eustachii 
Elyensis  episcopi  cancellarii  nostri  apud  Roquetum  d'Orival, 
regni  nostri  anno  ixo,  xiii"  die  Augusti. 

311.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Meulan,  notifying  that  for 
the  weal  of  the  soul  of  Simon  count  of  Evreux  his  uncle,  and 
[those]  of  his  predecessors,  and  his  own,  he  has  given  the  church 
of  Evreux,  in  alms  for  ever,  to  buy  oil  for  six  lamps  ever 
burning,  night  and  day  before  the  greater  altar,  above  count 
Simon's  tomb,  20  shillings  of  current  money,  charged  on  the 
wine-tax  {vinagium),  due  to  him  yearly  at  Michaelmas  from 
the  knights  of  the  comte  of  Evreux.  Moreover,  his  mother 
Agnes  countess  of  Meulan  has,  with  his  assent,  given  them, 
charged    on  the    vicomU   of  Evreux,  an    annual  rent  of  20 

current  money  for  the  same  light,  and  Roger 
20  shillings  for  the  same  purpose,  charged  on 
from  Brionne,  in  the  count's  presence  and  with 


his 
his 
his 


shillings 
brother 
revenue 
consent. 

Testibus:  Almalrico  comite  Ebroicensi ;  Rogero  deConchis; 
Symone  de  Aneto ;  Rogero  de  Achynneio  ;  Seherio  de  Quinci ; 
Amalrico  de  Laci ;  Adam  de  Cirri ;  Fulcone  capellano ;  Radulfo 
Galopin. 


1  Trans. :  "  Japha." 


See  note  above,  p.  103. 


105 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  TAURIN,  ^VREUX, 

FOR  BENEDICTIJN'E    MONKS. 
[Cartularies  in  Archives  of  the  Eure,  H.  793  and  H.  794.^] 


[1172-1186.]        312.  Charter  of  Hugh  de  Lacie.     For  his  soul,  and  those  of 
(Cartulary,        his  predecessors  and  successors,  he  gives  to  God  and  St.  Taurin, 

H.  793,  fo.  69rf.2)  ^^^  ^j^g  monks  there,  the  churches  of  Fore  and  the  tithes  of 
the  honour  of  that  town,  and  the  tithes  of  Tyrebegan  and  all 
Tyrefeihred  in  his  demesne,  and  the  mill  at  Fore  called 
St.  Fisquin's  mill,  and  the  wood  near  the  town,  called  "  Seculum 
Nemus  "  for  the  habitation  of  the  monks. 

Testibus  his  :  Willelmo  de  Meset ;  Willelmo  parvo ;  Roberto 
de  alto  villari ;  Gilleberto  de  Nogent ;  Roberto  Flamenc ;  Roberto 
de  Bigart ;  Nicholao  de  Dignon ;  Ynono  {sicf  sacerdote ;  Radulfo 
clerico ;  Nicholao  clerico. 

[Circ.  1190.]         313.  Charter  of  Herbert  de  Ma[t*]re  giving  and  granting  to 

(Cartulary,        gt.  Taurin  and  St.  Fecchin  and  the  monks  there,  for  the  souls 

•   93.  o.     .)     q£  Hugh  de  Lacy  and  of  himself,  and  his  brother  Andrew  and 

his  infants  Nicholas  and  William,  and  all   his  relatives   and 

benefactors,  two  carucates  of  land  at  Culcarmoc  of  the  nearer 

land  adjoining  the  land  of  the  canons  of  Culdovony,  etc.     .     .   . 

Testibus  his :  Hugone  de  Lasci ;  Roberto  de  Lasci ;  Ricardo 

de  Tuith  ;   Radulfo  de  Tuith  ;  Hugone  de  Tuith ;  Willelmo  de 

Meset ;  Roberto  de  Bosco  ;  Willelmo  de  Molend[inis] ;  B'   enart 

de  CIarend[?  ona] ;   Rogero  de  Sancto  Hysmael ;  Willelmo  T'e  ; 

Rig'  de  Claren[dona]  et  pluribus  aliis.^ 

[1186.]  314.  Charter  of  Walter  de  Lacy.     For  the  weal  of  his  soul 

(Cartulary,  and  [those]  of  his  father  and  mother  and  Margaret  his  wife, 
^ran.Mra^'T  and  all  his  predecessors  and  relatives  (conjun^i)  he  gives  to 
the  monks  of  St.  Taurin  serving  God  at  Faure  (Favorem)  all 
the  land,  with  its  appurtenances,  held  at  Burrin  by  William  de 
Andeli,  of  the  gift  of  his  father  Hugh  de  Lascy,  as  fully  as  it 
was  divided  [out]  to  him  and  perambulated,  to  be  held  of  him 
and  his  heirs  by  the  monks  and  their  successors  in  alms  for 
ever,  as  free  from  all  earthh'-  service  as  any  endowment  can  be 

1  Of  the  14th  century. 

2  Followed  by  a  confirmation  by  M.,  bishop  of  Kells  (Cenonensis')  to  which 
Kalf  Parvus,  archdeacon  of  Meath,  and  Gilbert,  prior  of  Lantony,  arc  witnesses. 

3  Bectius  :  "  Yvono  "  (see  Register  of  the  Abbey  of  St.  Thomas,  p-  35). 
*  Erased  (compare  Register  of  the  Abbey  of  St  Thomas,  p.  35). 

5  It  is  a  peculiarity  of  these  Irish  Charters  that  the  scribe  sometimes  writes  "  D  " 
for  "  de." 


106  ABBEY  OF  ST.  TAURIN,  EVREUX. 

[1186.] 

bestowed  on  a  religious  house,  saving  only  the  holding  (tene- 
mentum)  of  Robert  son  of  the  above  William,  which  he  and 
his  heirs  are  to  hold  of  the  aforesaid  monks,  paying  them  15 
shillings  annually  for  all  service. 

Hiis  testibus :  Willelmo  parvo  ;  Eadulfo  p[arv]o ;  Waltero 
de  Sancmello,  et  multis  aliis. 

[1194-1224]  315.  Charter  of  Walter   de  Lascy.     He  gives   to   St.  Mary 

(Cartulary,  and  the  blessed  Taurin  and  St.  Fecchin  of  Faure  {de  Favorum) 
^Tr?ns.  4730 '''  ^"^^  ^^^  monks  there  serving  God,  for  the  weal  of  his  father 
and  his  mother  and  his  relatives,  two  carucates  of  land  at  Faure 
(Favorum)  to  be  held  as  freely  as  they  were  by  the  wife  of 
Gillebert  de  Nugent,  sister  of  Richard  de  Tuith,  as  the  bounds 
were  perambulated  for  her,  from  him  and  his  heirs  by  the 
monks  and  their  successors  there,  as  free  from  all  earthly 
service  and  demands  as  any  endowment  can  be  conferred  on 
a  religious  house.  He  further  confirms  to  the  said  monks  all 
the  gifts,  both  of  lands  and  other  ecclesiastical  endowments 
given  them  by  his  father  Hugh  de  Lascy. 

His  testibus :  domno  Symone  Midensi  episcopo ;  Radulf o 
archidiacono  Mid[ensi] ;  Ricardo  de  Tuith ;  Willelmo  parvo ; 
Ricardo  [de]  Feypo ;  Ricardo  de  Broimart ;  Alexandro  clerico,  et 
multis  aliis. 

1195,  15  Jan.        316.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.      He  con- 
(Cartulary,        firms  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Taurin  all  the  gifts  that  have  been 
^'^^194  fo'is)^  made  to  it.     Among  the  benefactors  named  are  Robert  Malet 
'    '  and  Emelina  his   wife,  Gocelinus  de  Sachewilla  and  William 

his  son,  Robert  de  Bellomonte,  Gohel  de  Ivry,  Roger  the  butler 
de  Nonnanvilla  (who  became  a  monk  in  the  abbey) ;  Ralf  de 
Toeneio,  who  gave,  in  England,  Heseleia,  with  its  appur- 
tenances, by  consent  of  William  king  of  the  English ;  Henry 
earl  of  Warwick,  who,  for  the  souls  of  his  lord  king  William 
and  queen  Matildis  and  himself,  gave,  in  Wales  (terra  Walen- 
sium),  at  Gower  (Oouherium)  the  church  of  St.  Kenetus,  and 
land  for  two  ploughs  in  the  vicinity  of  that  church,  and  the 
tithe  of  that  vill^  (ejusdem  ville  la.nguene),  and  a  suitable  spot 
for  a  mill,  and  [enough]  of  his  wood  for  all  their  necessities 
and  the  tithes  of  all  his  rents,  and  his  hunting  and  fishing  and 
of  all  his  demesne,  and  the  churches  of  Tauvin^  and  Pennart 
with  the  tithes,  and  the  church  of  the  Isle  (de  Insula)  free  of 
all  claim ;  Osbern  son  of  Hugh  de  Cornuis,  at  Longueville,  by 
consent  of  his  lord  Roger,  the  king's  butler  (pinicerna) ;  Richard 
de  Milleriis,  who  granted,  by  consent  of  his  brother  William 
and  his  relatives,  his  rights  in  the  church  of  Milleres,  and 
received  sufficient  food  from  the  abbey  all  the  days  of  his  life. 

Testibus :  Garino  Ebroiciensi,W[illelmo]  Lexoviensi,  episcopis  ; 
Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  tunc  senescallo  Normannie ;  Roberto  de 
Harec[ort] ;  Wankelino  de  Ferreriis ;  Henrico  de  Grai,  et  pluribus 

1  i.e.,  "  Llangennith.''  ^  Sic  in  H.  793  ;  "  Tanum,"  (?)  in  H.  794. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  TAURIN,  EVEEUX. 


107 


1195. 


aliis.  Data  apud  Vallemi  Eodolii  xv"  die  Januarii  per  manum 
Willelmi  Elyensis  episcopi  cancellarii  nostri,  anno  vio  regni 
nostri. 


[1206  ?] 
18  March. 

(Cartulary, 

H.  793,  fo.  70. 

Trans.  328.) 


317.  Charter  of  E[ugene]  archbishop  of  Armagh,  primate  of 
all  Ireland,  notifying  that  he  confirms  to  the  abbey  of  St. 
Taurin  and  Fechin  {Fecchinus),  at  Favoria,  and  the  monks 
there  serving  God  and  the  saints  the  churches  of  Favores  and 
all  the  tithes  or  ecclesiastical  endowments  which  the  charter  of 
Hugh  de  Lascy  confirms  to  them,  with  all  other  ecclesiastical 
profits  (fructus)  that  may  arise  from  those  churches,  and  the 
land  which  the  said  Hugh  or  other  good  men  have  bestowed 
on  that  abbey  free  from  all  secular  services,  with  any  other 
endowments  contained  in  the  charter  of  the  bishop  of  the 
diocese. 

Datum  anno  gracie  MoccovP,  xv.  kal.  Aprilis. 


1  "■Wallem"mH.  793, 


108 

ABBEY  OF  ST.  PETER,  PREAUX, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE    OP    LISIEUX. 

[Cartulary  in  Archives  of  the  JEv/re,  H.  711.^] 


[Girc.  lOSO.]        318.  Charter  of  William  I.  addressed  to  bishop  Ilemigius 

(Cartulary,  fo.  i45rf.  and  Robert  de  Oili.     The  abbey  of  Preaux  (de  Pratellis)  is  to 

rans.  1  .)        enjoy  his  alms  to  it,  namely  the  land  of  ^Ifhelm  (Alfelmi) 

and  Wulfric    {Vulfrici)  at   Watlington  {Watintona)   as   the 

[houses  of]  other  saints  who  enjoy  his  alms  ;  and  anyone  who 

makes  a  claim  there  is  to  lay  it  before  himself. 

He  also  gives  five  hides  at  Aston  (Extona)  with  the  church 
and  the  burying  of  the  whole  vill,  having  received  from  the 
abbey  the  vill  of  St.  Clair  (Santus  Clerus),  and  given  it  to  his 
brother  Robert  count  of  Mortain.  This  land,  given  in  exchange 
formerly  belonged  to  Thorix  the  Dane.  He  also  grants  five 
hides  at  Arlscott  (Orlavescothy  which  Roger  of  Beaumont 
{Bellimontis)  save  the  abbey ;  and  he  gives  the  tithe  of 
Sturminster  (SiurTninistris)  and  four  tithes  added  by  Roger's 
sons  Robert  count  of  Meulan  (Mellent)  and  Henry  earl  of 
Warwick,  namely  those  of  Hill  Moreton  (Moritona)  and  of 
Norton,  and  of  Whitchurch  ( Wincecere)  and  of  Great  Harborough 
(Herhorbeia).  He  also  grants  for  the  redemption  of  his  soul 
and  those  of  his  wife  Mathildis  and  his  sons,  the  gifts  of  Arnulf 
de  Hesdinch,  namely  the  church  of  Newbury  {Nenberie)  with 
the  tithe  of  all  the  revenue  from  the  vill,  that  is  of  mills,  of 
toll  (theloneo)  and  of  everything  capable  of  being  tithed,  and 
a  hide  (hildram)  of  land  and  the  priest's  house  free  from  all 
rent,  due,  or  service.  He  also  grants  the  tithe  of  Stratfield 
(Straphelh)  and  of  Shaw  (Sagas)  which  Hugh  son  of  Baldric, 
sheriff  of  York  (Eurohic),  gave  for  the  fellowship  and  prayers 
of  the  monks. 

[106(3-1078.]  319.  [Notification  that]  in  the  days  of  this  prince  [William  I.] 
(Cartulary,  f o.  145.)  a  certain  knight  Ralf  by  name  of  the  district  of  Caux  (Galcensi) 
by  command  of  that  prince  and  of  William  Maleth  whose 
knight  he  was  (cui  idem  miles  militahat)  came  to  Preaux  and 
gave  St.  Peter  his  land,  namely  that  of  a  vavassor  at  Buletoth, 
that  he  might  be  made  a  monk,  which  was  done.     This  he  did 

1  Presented  to  the  archives  by  M.  de  Blosseville,  in  whose  possession  it  was  when 
D'Anisy  made  his  transcripts. 

2  Cf.  Domesday  I.,  2406. 


AEBEY  OF  PREAUX.  109 


[10G6-1078.] 


with  consent  of  that  prince  imd  of  William  Maleth  in  whose 
demesne  was  that  land.  For  this,  ahbot  Anffrid^  admitted 
William  Maleth  to  the  fellowship  of  the  abbey.  And  William 
gave  the  land  of  a  saltpan  belonging  to  him  at  Harfleur 
{Haretfiuce).  When  William  was  dead,  Kobert  his  son  came 
to  Pr^aux  and  confirmed  {concessit)  his  father's  gift  and  re- 
mitted the  castle-ward  (custodias  castrorum)  which  he  claimed 
(caluTnniando  exigebat)  from  the  men  of  that  land.  He  also- 
gave  seven  measures  {ambras)  of  salt  yearly  for  that  saltpan 
which  his  father  had  given,  [and]  which  the  violence  of  the 
sea  had  broken. 

[1066-1087.]  320.  [Notification  that]  in  the  reign  of  William  I.  and  by 
(Cartulary,  fo.  100.)  permission  of  (concedente)  Robert^  son  of  Humfrey  [de  Vieilles] 
a  certain  knight,  Gilbert  by  name,  having  no  heir,  gave  to 
St.  Peter  a  gift  of  his  whole  inheritance,  namely  all  that  he 
had  in  the  vill  of  Oonde,  in  the  fields,  woods,  [and]  waters, 
with  a  part  of  the  church  there,  that  he  might  be  made 
{quMinus  fieret)  a  monk.  He  also  gave  whatever  he  possessed 
by  inheritance  elsewhere  [specified].  After  this  gift  had  been 
made,  it  happened  that  he  begot  of  his  own  wife  a  daughter 
whom  he  gave  in  marriage  to  Roger  de  Crucemaris.  The  said 
Gilbert  lived  in  the  world  (in  seculo)  many  years  after  this,  but 
at  last  became  a  monk  and  was  buried  with  the  other  monks. 
When  he  was  buried,  Roger  de  Crucemaris  and  WiUiam  abbot 
of  Pr^aux  and  his  monks  came  together,  and  there  was  produced 
before  them  the  charter  where  it  was  written  that  Gilbert  gave 
himself  and  bis  possessions  to  St.  Peter  of  Pr6aux.  What  need 
for  more  ?  After  many  discussions,  Roger  besought  the  abbot 
that  he  might  take  up  (relevaret)  the  honour  of  Gilbert  from 
Roger  of  Beaumont  (Bellemontis)  of  whom  it  was  held  (bene- 
ficium  erat)  and  if  Roger  of  Beaumont  consented  (concederet) 
he  would  gladly  thereafter  hold  (recognosceret)  Gilbert's  honour 
of  abbot  William.^  Both  sides  came  to  an  agreement,  and  the 
land  was  taken  up  {relevat')  by  abbot  William  from  Roger  of 
Beaumont,  on  the  terms  (conditione)  that  the  monks  should 
have  half  Conde  so  long  as  Roger  de  Crucemaris  should  live ; 
[and]  after  his  death,  all  that  he  had  there  [should  be  theirs] 
entirely  except  30  acres  of  land  and  [the]  house  with  the  court 
and  the  lawn  (virida/rio)  and  two  knights,  Robert  and  Roger. 
As  to  what  he  held  elsewhere,  with  the  30  acres,  and  the  house, 
and  the  two  knights,*  his  heir  should  take  it  up  (relevaret)  from 
the  abbot  or  the  monks  in  accordance  with  the  custom  of  the 
land  (sicuti  mos  est  terre). 

Of  this  is  witness  Roger  of  Beaumont  who  with  his  [own] 
hand  placed  the  gift  of  the  said  honour  on  St.  Peter's  altar  ; 
and,  in  his  presence  Roger  de  Crucemaris  similarly  put  (mis%t) 
the  gift  of  it  on  the  altar,  and  there  became  the  abbot's  man  in 
the  presence  of  Roger  of  Beaumont. 


'  d.  1078.  '  Sic.  '  1078-1096.  ■"  i.e.,  their  fees. 


110 

[1066-1087.] 


ABBEY  OF  PREAUX. 


Testes  ergo  et  conscii  hujus  rationis  sunt :  Kogerus  Bellemontis ; 
Turstinus  Efflane[us]  ;  Gocelinus  Rufus ;  Gunscelinus  filius 
Osulfi ;  Humfridus  presbiter ;  Willelmus  infans,  filius  Fulconis 
Moiri,  qui  ab  memoriam  hujus  rei  colaphum  unum  coram  altari 
videntibus  inultis  suscepit. 

[1087-1095.]        321.  [Notification   that]    in   the   reign   of    Robert   son    of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  127.)  William  king  of  the  English,  Roger  de  Beaumont  gave,   etc. 


The  same  day,  that  count^  (sic)  gave  to  St.  Peter,  Pr^aux, 
20  pounds  of  English  money  annually  from  the  tithe  of  his 
revenues  oversea,  etc.     . 

[Signa]  Roberti  comitis  de  Mellent ;  Ricardi  Wanescrot ; 
Ricardi  filii  Teoderici ;  Anchetilli  pinceme ;  Willelmi  Stotaville 
(sic). 

[?  1093.]  322.  [Notification   that]     in   the    year  in   which   William 

(Cartulary,  fo.n 3d.)  Rufus  king  of  the  English  and  Robert  count  of  the  Normans 
besieged  their  brother  Henry  in  Mont  St.  Michel,  two  brothers 
Geoffrey  and  Roger,  sons  of  Gilbert,  came  into  the  chapter  of 
the  monks  of  Prdaux,  and  for  the  soul  of  their  brother  Robert 
Beleth,  recently  slain  at  Evreux,  and  for  those  of  all  their 
relatives  gave  St.  Peter  and  his  monks  for  ever  an  acre  (agrum) 
of  land  of  their  demesne  at  Campigni  (Gampiniacwin),  and 
those  seven  other  acres  which  their  father  had  mortgaged 
(posuerat)  to  the  abbot  and  monks  of  Pr6aux,  and  [which]  they 
had  long  held  (in  vadimoniv/ni  tenuerant)  for  fifty  shillings  of 
Rouen  (Romeisinorum)  which  the  said  Gilbert  had  received 
from  the  abbot  and  monks.  This  they  did  by  a  knife  which 
they  brought  and  placed  oa  St.  Peter's  altar  in  the  presence  of 
the  whole  convent. 

Hujus  donationis  testes  affuerunt  ex  parte  ipsorum : — 
Willelmus  nepoa  et  armiger  eorum  ;  Ricardus  Wanescrot.  Ex 
parte  abbatis :  Willelmus  maledoctus ;  Radulfus  cocus ;  Hum- 
fridus hospitator,  etc.     .     . 

[N.  D.]  323.  [Notification  that]  Hugh  Fichet  of  Wanescrot,  when  he 

(Cartuiary,fo.i2id.)  became  a  monk,  before  he  received.the  "habit "  of  St.  Benedict, 

gave  St.  Peter  of  Pr^aux,  in  the  presence  and  with  the  consent 

of  his  sons  Hugh  and  Gervase  two  thirds  of  the  tithe-sheaves 

from  all  his  land   of  Wanescrot,  etc So  also  he 

gave  the  tithe  of  flax,  hemp,  and  things  that  can  be  tithed, 

etc 

T[estibus] :  Rogerius  Harenc ;  Ricardus  Delval ;  Ricardus  de 
Bonavilla ;  etc.     .     . 

[N.  D.]  324.  [Notification  that]  Hugh  Fichet,  becoming  a  monk,  gave 

(Cartulary.fo. lied.)  to  St.  Peter  of  Pr^aux,  a  smith,  Geoffrey  by  name,  dwelling 

in  front  of  St.  Germain,  with  his  house ;  also  the  tithe  of  his 

'  Clearly  Eoger's  son,  the  count  of  Meulan. 


ABBEY  OF  PEEATJX. 


Ill 


[N.  D.] 


mill_  at  Handestuith.  On  the  morrow  Robert  Maleth  coming 
to  visit  him  (eum)  confirmed  (concessit)  these  gifts  at  the  prayer 
of  Hugh. 

Testes  :  Rogerius  Harenc ;  Ricardus  de  Valle ;  Ricardus  de 
Bona  villa. 

Hugh  his  son,  after  this,  came  to  Pr^aux,  and  entered  the 
fellowship  (accepit  societatem)  of  the  monks. 

Testes  ejus :  Sanson  ejus  prepositus ;  Tustiuus  armiger ; 
Willelmus  miles ;  Modbertus ;  Testes  Sancti  Petri :  Ricardus 
nanus  etc 

And  Hugh  gave  two  [out  of  three]  of  his  tithe-sheaves  at 
Wanescrot  for  becoming  a  monk. 


[1087-1100.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  146. 
Trans.  420.) 


325,  [Notification  that]  in  the  reign  of  William  the  second, 
king  of  the  English,  son  of  [that]  great  king  William  who 
acquired  the  English  (Anglos)  by  war  (bellando),  Robert  count 
of  Mellent  gave  to  St.  Peter's,  Preaux,  in  England  (in  Anglica 
regione)  two  tithes,  namely  [those]  of  Cerlentone  and  of 
Poststeberia  with  the  two  churches  of  those  vills  and  the  land 
belonging  to  them.  He  also  added  in  another  place  one  vill 
when  the  church,  namely  Sopeland,  was  dedicated ;  and  this  he 
did  with  the  permission  of  his  lord  king  William. 


[1099.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  146. 
Trans.  419.) 


326.  [Notification  that]  Robert  count  of  Mellent  gave  to 
the  abbot  and  monks  of  Preaux  .(Pratellum)  the  manor  of 
Tostes  and  the  tithe  of  Cerlentone  and  Posteberies,  with  the 
churches  of  those  two  vills,  for  the  soul  of  king  William  and 
of  queen  Maud  and  for  the  weal  and  prosperity  of  his  son 
William,  king  of  the  English,  and  for  the  good  of  the  souls  of 
his  parents,  Roger  de  Bellomonte  and  Adelina  his  wife,  and 
for  himself,  and  his  brother  Henry,  and  for  all  his  predecessors. 
This  gift  was  allowed  and  confirmed  by  William,  king  of  the 
English  at  Whitsuntide  (in  diebus  Pentecostes)  when  he  first 
held  his  court  in  his  new  hall  at  Westminster. 


[1085  or  1104.]  327.  [Notification  that]  a  certain  youth,  Richard  by  name, 
30  Nov.         having  recovered  the  inheritance  of  WilHam  Roherii  his  uncle, 

(Cartulary,  fo.  110.)  mortgaged  (misit  in  vadimonio)  all  that  land  to  St.  Peter's, 
Preaux,  and  his  monks  for  ten  years,  for  eight  shillings  sterling 
(de  esterlins)  which  Warin  the  monk,  of  England  (de  Anglia) 
delivered  to  him.  Richard,  having  received  a  small  branch  of 
a  rose  tree  (rose)  and  a  knife,  placed  (misit)  it  on  St.  Peter's 
altar,  saying :  "  By  this  branch  and  knife  I  give  all  this  land  to 
"  St.  Peter  and  his  monks  in  almoin  (jv/re  elemosine)  for  the 
"  souls  of  my  relatives,  from  whom  this  inheritance  came  to 
"  me,  and  for  my  soul,  free  from  [any]  claim  by  my  relatives, 
"  if  I  die  within  the  term  of  these  ten  years.  If,  at  the  end  of 
"  the  term,  I  am  still  alive  [but]  shall  not  have  returned,  the 
"  land  shall  remain  mortgaged  to  St.  Peter  till  I  [do]  return. 
"  And  when  I  shaU  return,  I  "will  repay  to  the  monks,  on  their 
"  forgiving  me  those  eight  shillings  sterling,  20  shillings  of 


112 


ABBEY  OF  PREAUX. 


[1085  or  1104.J 


Roumois  money  (de  Romeisinis)  due  thereon  (qui  super  earn, 
"  jacebant)  when  I  received  that  land." 

Testibus  Sancti  Petri :  Sturmit  de  Sellis,  etc.  .  .  .  Hec 
conventio  faicta  est  in  die  festi  beati  Andree  apostoli  iiio  anno 
decemnovenah'.    Epacta  xxxii™^'.  Claves  terminorum  xxx^^  iiiio^. 


1106.  328,  [Notification  that]  in    the   year  1106   Robert  son   of 

(Cartulary,  fo.  1 14.)  Humfrey  pincema  came  to  Pr^aux  and  handed  over  the  land 
he  held  in  Espagne  {Ispania)  to  abbot  Richard  and  his  monks 
in  mortgage  for  five  years,  for  the  100  shillings  which  his 
father  should  have  given  when  he  was  made  a  monk,  and  for 
100  shillings  in  money  of  Maine  (monete  Cenomcmnice)  which 
Robert  received  from  the  abbot  for  10  pounds  of  money  of  the 
Roumois  (RomesioruTn)  all  alike  (omnes  pariter),  namely  to 
repay  15  pounds  at  the  end  of  the  term,  and  he  to  receive  [back] 
his  land. 


[1105-1118.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  146. 
TTans.  421.) 


[N.  D.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  136d. 
Trans.  41.) 


[?  1118.] 

(Cartulary,  fell 6. 

Trans.  445.) 


329.  Notification  that  Robert  count  of  Meulan,  of  those 
things  which  God  had  given  him  for  his  service,  gave  to  St.  Peter 
of  Preaux  (Sancto  Petro  de  Pratellis)  the  manor  of  Tostes, 
with  its  appendages,  adding  sac  and  soc,  tol  and  team,  and 
infangenumboefe,  exempt  from  all  exaction  of  dues,  which  the 
said  count  had  freely  possessed  asking  William  the  younger  had 
held  them.  All  this  he  gave  to  the  monastery  for  the  soul  of 
king  WiUiam  and  queen  Mathildis  and  William  son  of  the  said 
king  (filio  ejusdem  regis),  and  for  the  soul  of  his  [own]  father 
Roger  and  his  mother  Adelina  and  of  all  his  predecessors,  for 
the  weal  of  king  Henry  and  his  wife  and  his  children,  for 
himself,  his  wife,  and  their  children. 

330.  Note  that  Henry  I.  for  the  souls  of  his  father  and 
mother  gave  the  abbey  of  Pr6aux  a  three  days'  fair  at  Bois  goiet 
{Bosco  goieth)  to  be  as  free  as  his  own. 

331.  [Notification]  that  after  the  death  of  Robert  count  of 
Mellent,  count  Gualeran  his  son,  as  yet  quite  a  boy  {puerul/ws), 
gave  instructions,  by  advice  of  Ralf  son  of  Durand  that  the  house 
of  St.  Germain  of  the  land  of  Roger  Harene  and  the  land  of 
Fichet  should  be  destroyed.  But  [when]  Gualeran  came  on  the 
morrow,  abbot  Richard  took  him  aside  into  the  chapter-house, 
before  his  father's  tomb,  and  those  of  his  other  relatives  who 
lay  there,  and  implored  him  to  allow,  for  his  lather's  soul,  the 
house  of  Eudo  the  smith  who  shod  the  packhorses  and  asses  of 
St.  Peter  [of  Preaux]  and  the  house  and  grange  of  William 
Isoret  the  tithe-collector  (decimator),  where  St.  Peter's  tithe 
was  gathered  together,  to  stand.  To  whom  the  count  made 
answer :  "  I  neither  can  nor  oUght  to  give  you  the  land  of  my 
"  knights,  but  whether  other  houses  fall  or  not,  yet  shall  not 
"  these  houses,  for  which  you  implore  me,  be  destroyed  by 
"  orders  of  mine ;  and  this  I  grant  for  my  father's  soul." 

Testes :  Morinus  de  Pino ;  Lucas  de  Barra ;  Willelmus  Isore. 


ABBEY  OF  PRfiAUX. 


113 


[?  1118.] 

But  not  long  after  this  the  pr^vSts  of  Pont  Audemer,  namely 
Robert  son  of  Girold  and  William  Comte  {comes),  by  order,  as 
they  said,  of  count  Gualei'an,  destroyed,  with  other  houses, 
those  of  William  Isore  and  of  Geoffrey  the  smith  which  [latter] 
Hugh  Fichet  had  already  given  to  St.  Peter.  Then  the  count, 
called  upon  by  abbot  Richard,  summoned  the  same  William 
Comte  and  bade  him  allow  these  two  houses  to  be  rebuilt  and 
to  remain  undisturbed  as  alms. 

Testes :  Willelmo  de  Pino ;  Radulfus  de  Bellomonte. 

[1119.]  332.  Notification  that  in  the  year  in  which  the  boy  William 

(Cartulary,  fo.  119.  gon  of  Henry  king  of  England  {sic)  did  homage  to  Louis  king 
rans.  41  .)  ^£  France  {sic),  Godfrey  son  of  Osulf  of  Handestuith,  a  tenant 
{hoino)  of  St.  Peter  of  Preaux  sold  an  acre  (agrum)  of  his 
meadow  adjoining  Ansger's  meadow  to  abbot  Richard  and  the 
monks  of  Preaux  out  and  out  {oTnniTw)  as  if  he  had  sold  his 
horse  or  his  ass,  receiving  froiT)  the  abbot  60  shillings  in  Rouen 
money  (Roraesirvorum),  and  a  sestier  of  barley,  and  freedom  for 
a  year  from  horse  service  {serviciwm  caballi). 

Testes  ex  parte  Godefredi :  Anschetillus  Rocherol  homo  ejus  ; 
Eicardus  vaccarius  ;  Giselbertus  frater  ipsius.  Ex  parte  abbatis  : 
Herbertus  prepositus ;  Giraldus  filius  ejus  ;  Helgo  de  Alneio ; 
Mascelinus  de  Ginboltvilla  Malesapiens ;  Willelmus  Maledoctus ; 
Hugo  faber. 

[1123-1146.]        333,  Notification  from  the  convent  of  St.  Mary,  War[wick] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  ,')4.   addressed  to  abbot  Ricard  and  all  the  convent  of  Preaux  {de 

.)       Pratellis).     Their  whole  chapter    has    allowed   the  grant   by 

their  brother  Richard  of  the  tithe  of   Warm  [intone]  and  of 

Soteswalle  and  of  Orlavescote. 


[1129-1146.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  54d. 

Trans.  515.) 


e     92C84. 


334.  Notification  that  Roger  Abbadon,  gave  St.  Peter  of 
Preaux,  on  becoming  a  monk  {cav^d  suimonachatus)  the  church 
of  Wilee  with  a  virgate  of  land  and  two  tofts  there,  one  that  of 
a  certain  widow,  the  other  adjoining  it;  also  a  hide  of  land  in 
Holestorp  and  all  his  rights  there ;  and  at  Bedoorda  one  bordar 
{bordier)  and  pannage  for  all  the  abbey's  swine  in  (he  forest  of 
that  vill,  with  pasture  for  all  their  animals,  without  and  within, 
that  is,  in  wood  and  on  plain,  without  any  payment  and  M'ithout 
price.  Two  earls,  Roger  of  Warwick  and  Robert  of  Leicester, 
•  allowed  all  this,  and  Hugh  son  of  Roger  Abbadon,  who  received 
six  marcs  of  silver  from  his  father,  for  his  consent,  confirmed  it 
by  [pledging]  his  own  faith  and  by  a  kiss  {osculo).  With  his 
money,  moreover,  Hugh  bought  from  Hugh  son  of  Richard,  in 
the  will  called  Esnitevele,  a  vavassor  with  all  his  land,  on  these 
terms  :  Richard  abbot  of  Preaux  received  that  gift,  which  Hugh 
Abbadon  was  to  defend  against  all  [men]  in  all  things.  This 
charter  {cartula)  was  confirmed  before  Roger  bishop  of  Chester, 
and  Richard  Pechiet  [the]  archdeacon  and  all  the  clergy  in 
synod  and  in  chapter. 

Ex  parte  Rogerii  Abbadon  testes  fuerunt :  Hugo  filius  ejus, 
Rogerius  comes  de  Warwic,  et  Henricus  et  Gaufredus 

H 


et 
fraties 


114*  ABBEY  OF  PRi^AUX. 

[1129-1146.] 

ejusdem  comitis,  et  Willelmus  Gifart,  et  Henricus  dapifer,  et 
..Colsain,  et  Ranulf us  pistor ;  ex  parte  vero  abbatis  Kicardi  testes 
extiterunt :  Willelmus  decanus ;  Baldwinus  nepos  Abbadon ; 
Willelmus  de  Bonavilla ;  Normannus  de  Holestorpz  et  Willelmus 
f rater  ejus,  et  Volvric  de  Warmintona. 

[1123-1153.]  335.  Charter  of  Roger  earl  of  Warwick  addressed  to  all  his 
(Cartulary,  fo.  48rf.  barons  and  lieges.  He  confirms  the  gift  that  Ralf  de  Sancto 
Trans.  465.)  gansone  gave  to  St.  Peter  and  the  monks  of  Preaux  [namely] 
one  hide  and  a  virgate  of  land  in  Warminton  and  the  tithe  of 
Warminton,  and  that  of  Ordlavescot,  and  that  of  Soteswell  and 
of  one  hide  which  Roger  Wandard  holds  in  Soteswell  of  demesne, 
all  which  were  given  by  Ralf  son  of  Helebold  to  Richard  father 
of  Ralf  in  fee  for  his  service. 

Testibus :  Gundr[eda]  comitissa ;  Henrico  fratre  meo ;  Will- 
elmo  Giffardo ;  Walterio  capellano  ;  Henrico  dapifero. 

[N.  D.]  336.  [Notification  that]  Adelina  wife  of  Hugh  de  Montfort 

(Cartulary,  fo.  io4rf.)  (ilfonf'is/brif'is),  came  to  Preaux,  and  was  made  a  sister,  saying 

thus :  "  To  this  place  I  give  my  body  and  my  soul,  that  I  may 

"  here  {ibi)   be  buried   before   my    father   and   my  kinsfolk 

"  (parentibus)." 

Testibus :  Pagano  presbitero  sancti  Leodegarii ;  Alberto 
Turiville ;  Rod[ulfus]  Efflanc ;  Fulcero  dapifero  ejus ;  Herluino 
camerario,  et  multis  aliis. 

1155.  337.  Charter  of  Gualeran  count  of  Meulan  confirming  all 

(Cartulary,  fo.  117.)  the  gifts  of  his  predecessors  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Peter  6f  Preaux 
in  the  year  1155,  when  Rotrou  bishop  of  Evreux,  and  Roger 
abbot  of  Bee,  and  Michael  father  of  the  monastery  of  Preaux, 
and  Robert  de  Novoburgo  and  many  other  most  noble  men 
were  present  (residentibus)  in  his  court  at  Brionne.  This  he 
does  for  the  repose  of  the  souls  of  his  father  and  mother,  etc. 
.     .     .      .      and  his  sons  Robert  and  Gualeran,  etc.     . 

[N.  D.]  338.  Charter  of  Gualeran  count  of  Meulan  addressed  to  all 

(Cartulary,  fo.  39.)  his  lords,  men,  friends,  and  lieges  (fidelibus).  He  notifies  to 
them  the  agreement  between  himself  and  his  cousin  (cognato) 
Roberto  de  Novoburgo,  to  whom  and  to  his  heirs  for  ever  he 
grants  the  300  pounds  he  has  from  [in]  Pontaudemer  from  the 
lord  of  Normandy,  whether  its  rents  increase  or  diminish, 
also  IS  pounds  from  the  rent  of  mills  there,  which  he  likewise 
holds  from  the  lord  of  Normandy.     He  also  gives  him  there 

40  pounds  a  year,  etc and  lands  in  his 

[the  count's]  new  bourg  (in  novo  burgo  meo)  and  at  Brionne, 

etc '.     And,  for  this,  he  has  become  the  count's 

man  against  all  men,  saving  his  fealty  (fidelitate)  to  the 
lord  of  Normandy,  and  has  quitclaimed  all  matters  in  dispute 
between  them,  and  has  sworn  to  secure  the  count  in  all  his 
lands  and  holdings,  and  [to  give  him]  faithful  aid  against  all 
who  would  wrong  him  as  to  his  land  or  any  possession  of  his. 


ABBEY  OP  PREAUX.  115 


[N.  D.] 


And  the  count  will  do  the  same  for  him.  He  has  also  given 
assurance  (asseev/ravit)  to  the  count,  that  he  will  not  withhold 
fi-om  him  his  [own]  castle  for  making  war  on  all  who  would 
deprive  the  count  of  his  land.  And  the  count  has  given  him 
the  stone  house,  which  was  [that]  of  the  weavers  (texorum)  at 
Meulan. 
Testes  sunt :  Agnes  comitissa ;  Willemus  de  Pinu ;  etc. 

[1154-1158.]        339.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  officers  of  Norfolk. 

(Cartulary,  fo.  80d.  The  monks  of  Pr^aux  are  to  hold  their  lands  as  free  from  shire 

ans.  136.)        [courts]  and  hundred  [courts]  and  pleas  and  plaints  (querele) 

as  Robert  count  of  Mellent  gave  it  them  and  held  it  himself 

when  alive. 

Testes:    Thomas  canc^[ellarius]   et    Robertus   comes   Legre- 
cestrie,  apud  Westmonasterium. 

[1156-1163.]        340.  Writ  of  Henry   II.  addressed  to  the   justices   [and] 

?  1159.         vicomte  (viceeom')  of  Rouen.     Walter,  earl  Giffard  has  made 

Cartulary,  fo.  sod,  recognition  before  him  and  before  his  [own]  barons  Eustace  de 

Trans.  137.)       QraniviUa,  Mathew  de  Girardivilla,  Gilbert  de  Hotot,  Robert 

de  Novavilla  that  the  place  (platea)  where  "his  kitchen  is  at 

Rouen  belongs  to  the  church  of  Pr^aux  and  has  granted  it  to 

the  said  church,  after  his  death. 

Teste  Rotrodo  Ebroicensi  episcopo,  apud  Strepeneium. 

[1154-1159]  341.  Notification  by  Robert  de  Novoburgo  that,  he  being 
(Cartulary,  fo.  iod.^)  seneschal  (dapifero)  of  Normandy,  Walter  (Gaulterus)  earl  Giffard 
quitclaimed,  in  the  king's  court,  the  mortgage  and  purchase 
(emptioneTn)  which  he  had  in  the  land  which  Theard  held  at 
Rouen  to  the  abbey  (ecclesie)  of  Preaux  for  the  weal  of  his  soul 
and  [those]  of  his  predecessors ;  to  demise  it  (diTnissurus)  during 
his  life  at  his  will  {pro  velle  sud),  quitclaiming  that  spot 
{sedem)  entirely  to  the  said  abbey  after  [his]  death,  in  the 
presence  of  himself  [Robert]  and  the  king's  barons. 

Testibus :    Godardo     de    VaUibus ;    Roberto    filio    Henrici ; 
Ada[mo]  de  Waimevilla ;  Mala  Herba,  et  aliis  pluribus. 

1163.  342.  Notification  that  in   the  year   116.3,  in  the  reign   of 

(Cartulary,  fo.  31.  Henry  the  younger  king  of  England,*  a  certain  controversy 
Trans.  204.)  between  William  de  Campineio  and  the  church  of  St.  Peter  of 
Pr6aux  concerning  his  claim  to  a  measure  of  wheat  was  thus 
settled.  Michael  abbot  of  Preaux  agreed  to  give  William  15 
pounds  of  Anjou  for  releasing  his  claim,  and  has  done  so. 
William  swore  that  he  will  never  henceforth  raise  any  claim 
against  the  church  of  Preaux  on  the  subject.  It  hajPpened 
shortly  afterwards  that  count  Gualeran  [of  Meulan]  with 
Robert    his   son    and  several  others  came  to    Preaux  at   the 

■  Trans. .  "  Cantorb."  in  error. 
=  The  preceding  charter  in  the  Cartulary  is  the  earl's  quitclaim  of  this  spot 
(where  his  kitchen  stood). 

'  i.e.,  Henry  II.,  not  as  as  M.  Deville  thought,  Itenry  his  son. 

H   2 


116  ABBEY  OP  PEEAUX. 

1163. 

feast  of  St.  Peter  ad  vincula  [August  1]  and  there  the 
said  agreement  (concordia)  was  recorded  and  allowed  (concessa) 
before  them  so  that  the  count  enjoined  on  Robert  his  son  that 
if  William  or  his  heir  should  do  any  wrong  to  the  church  of 
Pr^aux  in  this  matter,  Robert  should,  by  one  of  his  knights, 
defend  it,  which  he  granted  and  promised.  Ou  the  same  day 
abbot  Michael  redeemed  (redemif)  a  horse  of  the  said  William 
worth  (de)  seven  pounds  and  eight  shillings  of  Anjou,  and  made 
liis  peace  for  him  with  Walter  de  Sancto  Sansone  for  fifty-two 
shillings  of  Anjou,  so  that  ten  pounds  of  Anjou  were  thus  settled 
(pacificate).  Of  all  the  foregoing  these  are  witnesses :  Robert 
de  lovigne,  Richard  de  Tregevilla,  Gervase  de  Grimboldivilla, 
Roger  de  Campigneio,  Robertus  Peisson,  Richard  Efflanc, 
Humfrey  Lengigneor,  and  Robert  brother  of  Maurice.  Then, 
to  ratify  what  has  been  done,  abbot  Michael  and  Robert  de 
Hausvilla  and  V/illiam  de  Monasterio  Villari  went  to  Beaumont 
{Bellimonte'm)  and  there  in  the  presence  of  count  Gualeran,  the 
abbot  gave  the  remaining  hundred  shillings  to  William,  and  to 
Richard  Tehard  ;  moreover,  forty  shillings  of  Anjou  to  William's 
brother,  who  gave  his  faith  {affidavit)  that  he  would  keep  this 
compact  himself. 

Testes :  Henricus  de  Novuburgo  ;  Robertus  archidiaconus 
frater  ejus ;  Robertus  de  Jovigne  ;  Goscelinus  Rossellus  ;  Robertus 
le  Brun :  Robertus  filius  Alberade  ;  Crispinus  ;  Rainoldus  gener 
Harpini ;  Willelmus  de  Hangemara  ;  Robertus  frater  Mauricii. 
Ut  autem  hec  firma  permaneat,  ego  Gaulerannus  comes  Mellenti 
assensu  Roberti  filii  mei  munimento  sigilli  mei  confirmo  et  ratum 
esse  in  perpetuum  volo. 

[1165,  343.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

Circ.  1  Aug.]    Rouen  and  all  his  lieges  of  Normandy.     He  confirms  to  the 

(Cartulary,  fo.  30.    abbey  of  Pr^aux  and  his  monks  what  Waleran  count  of  Mellent 

Trans.  138.)       -^^^  given  them  of  his  rents  iit  Pontaudemer,  namely  the  tenth 

week  of  all  his  rents  [to  be  held]  as  the  count  holds,  [the  other] 

nine,  according  to  his  charter. 

Testibus :  Rogei  o  archiepiscopo  Eboracensi ;  Gilberto  episcopo 
Lundoniensi ;  R[ogero]  episcopo  Wi[gomensi] ;  Roberto  comite 
Legcest)  ie ;  Ricardo  de  Luci ;  Alano  de  Neivilla.  Apud  Album- 
monasterium  in  Valliis. 

\Circ.  1166.]  344.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  29d.  Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  He  confirms  to  the  abbey 
Trans.  189.)  ^j  Prdaux  and  its  monks  10  pounds  of  pennies  in  [rent  of] 
stalls  at  Pontaudemer  for  the  annual  celebration  of  the  count 
of  Mellent's  anniversary,  as  given  them  by  count  Waleran  of 
Mellent.  He  also  grants  that  they  may  fish  in  the  Risle  {Rilla), 
annually,  for  four  days  at  the  same  anniversary  and  whatsoever 
the  count  possessed  in  the  fishery  of  La  Mare.  They  are  to 
hold  in  accordance  with  the  charters  of  count  Waleran  and 
Robert  his  son  and  Agnes  countess  of  Mellent. 

Testibus  :  Ricardo  de  Humeto  eonstabulario  ;  Willelmo  Malet 
dapifero;  Willelmo  de  Hastingis  dispensatore ;  Waltero  de 
Dunstanvilla.     Apud  Montfortem. 


ABBEY  OF  PREAUX. 


117 


[1165-1178.]        345.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  28rf.  Rouen  and  others.     He  confirms  to  the  abbot  of  Pr^aux  the 
*"^'      ■•'       land  given  by  Roger  del  Esprever  and  his  father  to  the  church 
of  St.  Sanson  of  Sturville. 

Testibus :  Henrico  episcopo  Baiocensi,  et  Stephano,  episcopo 
Redonensi ;  Johanne  (sic)  decano  Sar[esberiensi]i ;  Ricardo  de 
Humeto  constab[ulario]^ ;  Hugo  (sic)  de  Laci,  et  Henrico  de 
Novoburgo.     Apud  Montem  (sic)  Audomari. 


[1169-1171.] 

f  Cartulary,  fo.  41. 
Trans.  427.) 


346.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Meulan,  notifying  that 
his  father,  count  Waleran,  gave  the  monastery  of  St.  Peter, 
Pr^aux,  where  he  became  a  monk  and  was  buried,  by  his  will 
(testamento),  five  arpents  of  newly  planted  vineyard,  and  five 
arpents  of  land  adjoining  it  for  planting  a  vineyard,  at  Osburgen- 
villa,  absolutely  free,  which  he  granted  in  his  father's  lifetime, 
and  now  grants,  with  one  tenant  (hospes)  there,  as  quit  of  all 
service  as  on  his  demesne.  He  has  moreover  given,  since  his 
father's  death,  10  arpents  of  land  for  a  vineyard,  adjoining  the 
above  land ;  and  in  exchange  for  10  pounds  of  public  (publice) 
money  which  the  said  monastery  held  in  Pont  Audemer,  for 
[celebrating]  his  father's  anniversary,  he  gives  it  four  arpents 
of  newly  planted  vineyard,  and  half  an  arpent  of  vineyard 
called  Wastel's. 

Testes  :  Rotrodus  Rothomagensis  archiepiscopus ;  Arnulf  us 
Lexoviensis  episcopus ;  Haimericus  abbas  Sancti  Audoeni ; 
Ricardus  abbas  de  Valle  Azonis;  Willelmus  camerarius  de 
Tancarvilla ;  Henricus  de  Novoburgo ;  Hugo  de  Sancta  Maria  ; 
Ricardus  Bigot ;  RobertusBelot;  Renoldus  de  Sancto  Philiberto ; 
Walterus  de  Briona. 


[1166-1187.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  48, 
Trans.  429.) 


347.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Meulan,  notifying  his  grant 
\o  the  abbey  (ecclesie)  of  St.  Peter,  Pr^aux  and  the  monks 
there  serving  God,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  those  of  his 
predecessors,  quittance  for  ever  from  all  tallage  and  aid  (tallia 
et  auxilio)  on  the  land  which  Hugh  "  Villanus "  his  knight 
has  given  them  at  Cherlentona. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Willelmo  de  Homme ;  Rogero  Esflanc ;  Henrico 
Lovet ;  Roberto  magno ;  Henrico  Fichet ;  Roberto  Villano,  et 
pluribus  aliis. 


[1166-1187.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  48. 

Trans.  428.) 


348.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Meulan  notifying  that  his 
knight  Hugh,  named  the  Villein  (cognomento  Villanus),  a 
devout  man,  who  had  thought  for  the  future  of  his  soul,  has, 
in  his  presence  and  that  of  his  barons,  given  God  and  St.  Peter, 
Pr^aux,  and  the  monks  there  serving  God  all  his  rights  in 
the  vill  called  Cherlentune  adjoining  Postebere,  in  lands,  men, 
waters,  meadows,  pastures,  witli  all  his  dues  from  the  wood 
there.     This  gift  the  count  confirms. 


Trans. :  "  Saresbirise." 


2  Cart. ;  "  Constan." 


118 


ABBEY  OF  PEfiAUX. 


Testes  sunt:  Agnes comitissa ;  Eogerius  f rater  comitis ;  Seherus 
de  Quinci ;  Willelmus  Delamare;  Willelmus  de  Bailleol ;  Matheus 
de  la  Poterie ;  Ricardus  Bigot ;  Walterius  de  Brionne ;  Hugo 
de  Sancta  Maria ;  Goscelinus  Rosseil ;  Gaufridus  Ficheit. 


[?  1173.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  31. 
Trans.  203.') 


349.  Charter  of  Henry  king  of  the  English,  duke  of 
Normandy,  count  of  Anjou,  son  of  king  Henry,  addressed  to 
the  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  all  his  lieges  of  Normand}'.  At 
the  request  of  Robert  count  of  Mel  lent  he  confirms  to  the  church 
of  Pr^aux  and  its  monks  quittance  fromaU  tallage  and  all  other 
quittances  and  liberties  as  granted  them  by  the  count  in  his 
charter. 

Testibus :  Gaufrido  comite  Britannic ;  Roberto  de  Monte- 
forti ;  Willelmo  capellano  ;  Thoma  de  Sigillo  ;  Willelmo  Mares- 
callo ;  Seherio  de  Quince  juniori ;  Adamo  de  Ikebue ;  Gisleberto 
de  Albumaria  ;  Petro  de  Adevilla  ;  Roberto  de  Mara.^ 


Trans.  347.) 


[1142-1184.]  350.  Notification  by  Joc[elin]  bishop  of  Salisbury  that 
((Artulary,  fo.  53d.  he  has  learnt  from  the  affirmation  of  master  Randulf  of 
Calne,  who  formerly  acted  as  archdeacon  of  Berkshire,  and 
from  the  testimony  of  many  others,  that  the  abbot  of  Pr^aux 
(Pratellis)  has  no  right  to  present  a  parson  to  the  church  of 
Eston  except  in  the  presence  of  Nicholas  son  of  Turold,  and 
with  his  assent. 


[1177-8.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  28. 
Trans.  142.) 


351.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  others.  At  the  request  of  Robert  count  of  Meulan, 
he  confirms  to  the  abbey  of  Preaux  quittance  from  all  taille  to 
the  count  on  all  the  lands  it  held  of  him,  and  all  other 
privileges  conferred  on  it  by  the  count  and  bis  ancestors. 

Testibus:  Petro  cardinal!  et  legato;  Rotrodo  archiepiscopo 
Rothomagensi ;  Arnulfo  episcopo  Lexoviensi  ;'tegidio  episcopo 
Ebroicensi ;  .Tohanne  (sic)  decano  Saresberiensi ;  comite  Willelmo 
de  Mannevilla ;  R[oberto]  comite  Legescestrie ;  Ricardo  de 
Humeto  conestabulario ;  Henrico  de  Novoburgo ;  Willelmo 
Malovicino ;  Seihero  de  Quinci.     Apud  Cadomum. 


[1187.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  27</. 

Trans.  108.) 


352.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
to  the  abbey  of  Preaux  and  its  monks  the  following  gifts 
made  to  them : — from  Alan  pincerna,  by  permission  of  Robert 
count  of  Mellent,  100  shillings  of  Anjou  from  {in)  the  stalls  of 
Pont  Audemer,  which  the  count's  father,  Gualeran,  gave  Alan 
for  his  service  ;  from  Hugh  "  Villanus,"  by  the  said  count's  per- 
mission, all  that  he  held  in  Cheorleton,  near  Posteberi,  in  lands 
and  men,  etc.  with  all  his  right  to  dues  in  the  wood  there ; 
from  Roger  de  Portis  by  permission  of  Ralf  and  William  his 
sons,  15  acres  of  land  which  William  de  Combunio  possesses  [in 
Normandy]. 


'  Bound  up  after  204. 


^  Cf.  "  Benedictus  Abbas,"  I.,  45-6. 


ABBEY  OF  PREAUX. 


119 


[1187.] 


[1187.] 

(Cartulary,  fo.  29, 
Trans.  140.) 


TestibusL,:  Waltero  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo ;  H[ugone]' 
Dunelmensi,  et  Henrico  Baiocensi,  episcopis  ;  H[ugone]i  Covent- 
rensi  electo,  comite  Willelmo  de  Mannevilla ;  Willelmo  de 
Humeto  constabulario^ ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo 
Normannie ;  Alveredo  de  Sancto  Martino ;  Willelmo  de  Mara. 
Apud  Cadomum. 

353.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
to  the  abbey  and  monks  of  Pr^aux  the  gift  of  Robert  count  of 
Mellent  for  the  soul  of  king  Henry,  the  king's  son  etc.,  by 
permission  and  assent  of  Waleran  his  eldest  son,  namely  rights 
to  wood  [detailed]  in  his  forest  of  Brotone,  for  the  abbey 
infirmary. 

Testibus :  Waltero  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo ;  H[ugone]' 
Dunelmensi,  et  Henrico  Baiocensi,  episcopis  ;  H[ugone]^  Covent- 
rensi  electo;  comite  Willelmo  de  Mannevilla;  Willelmo  de 
Humeto  constabulario ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo 
Normannie ;  Alvredo  de  Sancte  Martino ;  Willelmo  de  Mara. 
Apud  Cadomum. 


[1187.]  354.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  to  the  abbey  of  Pr^aux.    Printed 

(Cartulary,  fo.  25.  in  Monasticon  Anqlicanum,  VI.  1027. 

Trans.  143.)  '^ 

[1184-1205.]  355.  Charter  of  Gualeran  earl  of  Warwick.  He  grants  to 
(Cartulary,  fo.  40.  the  abbey  (ecclesia)  of  St.  Peter,  Pr^aux  (de  Pratellis)  and 
Trans.  464.)  j^j^g  monks  there  serving  God  the  whole  vill  of- Warmiton,  with 
all  its  appurtenances,  the  berrewiks  excepted,  which  was  given 
by  his  grandfather  earl  Henry,  and  confirmed  by  Henry  king 
of  England,  free  from  all  earthly  service  and  demands.  He 
wills  it  to  be  held  as  freely  as  any  alms  can  be. 

His  testibus :  Willelmo  Pichot  senescaldo ;  Ricardo  de 
Harecurt ;  Thoma  de  Ardene ;  Willelmo  de  Ardene ;  WiUelmo 
clerico ;  Eleutherio  capellano  ;  Rogero  Wandard ;  Hamone  de 
Pratellis,  et  multis  aliis. 


1198,  22  Aug. 

(Cartulary,  fo.  32. 
Trans.  171.) 


356.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
to  the  abbey  of  Pr^aux  and  its  monks  [the]  quittance  from  all 
tallage  which  Robert  count  of  Mellent  gave  them,  and  all  other 
quittances  and  liberties,  as  confirmed  to  them  by  his  father's 
charter. 

Testibus  hiis :  Waltero  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo ;  B[ald- 
wino]  comite  Albemarle ;  Willelmo  Marescallo ;  Hugone  de 
Gornai ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie ;  fratre 
Manassero  elemosinario  ;  Brandino  clerico  ;  Eicardo  Brieguerr[e], 
et  pluribus  aliis.  Datum  per  manum  Eustachii  Elyensis 
episcopi  cancellarii  nostri,  Apud  Rupem  de  Oirevalles,  anno 
IX.  regni  nostri,  xxii.  die  Augusti. 


'  Trans. :  "  Henrico,"  in  error. 


s  Cart.:  "Constan.' 


120 

ABBEY  OF  BEC-HELLOUIN, 

POR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE     OP     ROUEN. 

[Original  Documents  in  Archives  Nationales,  Archives  of  the 
Eure,  Archives  of  the  Seine ,  Infdrieure,  and  Bibliotheque 
Nationale.  Copies  in  Archives  of  the  Calvados.  Cartulaire  de 
Normandie  in  the  Library  of  Rouen ;  MS.  Lot.  13,905,^  and 
MS.  Lat.  1 0,058^  in  the  Bibliotheque  N'ationale.^] 


[?  1067.*]  357.  Charter  of  Hugh  de  Monteforti,  notifying  that  he  has 

(Copy  in  archives  of  bestowed  On  St.  Himer  (Sancto  Ymerio)  and  grants  to  abbot 
the  Eure,  H.  76.)  jj^^jj^  ^j^^  g^j  {bcneficium)  which  Gilbert  held  of  him  [Hugh] 
when  lie  was  a  knight  (eques)  of  St.  Mary,  with  the  whole  tithe 
of  the  rents  of  his  [Hugh's]  land  and  of  all  his  woods,  namely, 
of  wild  beasts,  birds,  tbe  sale  of  wood,  essarts,  honey,  pannage, 
and  all  forest  dues,  and  the  tithes  of  all  his  mills,  and  fisheries, 
and  fish  ponds,  and  all  his  monies  and  cheeses,  all  that  Gilbert 
held  at  St.  Himer,  save  the  half  of  a  certain  mill,  and  the  half 
of  his  [own]  vineyard, — and  three  tenants  {rusticos),  with  a 
portion  of  the  wood  of  St.  Himer  ;  and  further,  in  England,  the 
churches    of   Bradeborna,  and  Tiltetona,  and  Brige  with  their 

lands  and  tithes^ and  of  cheebes 

and  of  fish  at  Hythe  (heca)     .....     for  the  doing  away 

of  my  offences my  brothers  Ralf 

Ego Itus®  Dei  gratia  Rotomagensium  archi- 

ep meis  hoc  anathema  confirmo.    [Signa]  Wuill- 

elmi  principis  Northmannorum  ;  Hugonis  episcopi  Lexoviensis, 
Hugonis  de  Monteforti ;  Rogerii  de  Bellomonte ;  Hugonis  de 
Grentemaisnil ;  Roberti  Bertramni. 

[Circ.  1147.]  358.  Charter  of  Hugh  de  Monteforti,  son  of  Gilbert  de  Gant. 

(Ancient  copy  By  permission  (concessione)  of  Geoffrey,  duke  of  the  Normans 

[cjiT.  1200]  m^  g^j^j    Henry    his  son,    and  by   counsel  of  Hugh  archbishop  of 

Eure,  H.  73.)  Rouen  and  of  Arnulf  of  Lisieux,  Rotrou  of  Evreux,  and  Philip 

'  Compiled,  apparently,  early  in  17th  century. 

^  Cartulary  of  Envermeu  (see  below,  p.  132). 

^  A  full  and  interesting  Inventory  of  the  charters  relating  to  possessions  in 
Enffland  existing  at  the  abbey  before  its  dissolution  is  preserved  in  the  "  500  de 
Colbert"  (Bibliotheque  Nationale),  No  190,  fos.  51-67 

■•  The  text  of  these  two  charters  is  printed  in  the  Appendix  to  Vol.  VI.  of  the 
Annales  Ordinis  S.  Bencdicti  (1739),  p,  fi9R.  The  first  one  is  there  similarly 
imperfect. 

°  MS.  damaged  here. 

^  .  .  .  .  "  Imue  "  in  Annales  text.  As  Hugh  bishop  of  Lisieux  died  before 
the  accession  of  William  to  the  see  of  Rouen,  it  is  necessary  to  read  "  Mauril[ius]." 
The  charter,  therefore,  is  doubtful  (see  Preface). 


ABBEY  OF  BEO-HELLOUIN.  I2l 


[Circ.  1147.] 


of  Bayeux,  bishops  of  Normandy,  his  wife  Haelina  and  his  sons 
Kobert  and  Valeran  consenting  (concedentibus),  and  his  barons 
being  present,  he  gives  the  church  of  St.  Mary,  Bee  and  its  monks 
the  church  of  St.  Himer  (Sancti  Yrtierii)  quit  of  all  dues,  with 
its  prebends  and  all  its  appurtenances,  that  monks  may  be 
there  established,  in  the  place  of  canons.     Moreover,  he  gives 

to  God  and  St.  Himer  a  portion  of  his  wood,  etc 

And  besides  this,  Haelina  Ijis  wife  gives  St.  Himer,  by  his 
permission  {concessions),  a  house  at  Pont  I'Eveque  (Pontem 
Episcopi)  which  Godfrey  Espihart  held,  and  a  copse  (virgul- 
tum)  at  Pierrefitte  (Perefita)  which  Eichard  Poree.  held  etc. 

He  also   grants  that  the  abbey  (ecclesia)  may 

hold  for  ever  what  it  held  in  the  time  of  his  grandfather  Hugh, 
for  it  held  the  tithes  of  all  Hugh's  woods  in  Normandy,  namely 
[those]  of  wild  beasts,  birds  (volatilibus),  the  sale  of  wood, 
essarts,  honey,  pannage,  and  all  forest  dues,  of  all  mills,  and 
cheeses,  and  monies  {pecuniis),  and  fairs,  and  all  rents  of  his 
land ;  and  in  England,  similarly,  of  cheeses,  and  of  all  monies,  and 
of  fish  at  Hea'  (Hee)  and  one  house  there,  and  the  tithe  of 
crops  (annonvi)  at  Bratheburna,  Tiltentona,  and  Esbrige. 

[Signa]  :  Hugonis  de  Monteforti ;  Koberti  de  Monteforti ; 
Valerani  de  Monteforti ;  Helie  de  Baillolio ; "  Roberti  de  Magna- 
villa ;  Willelnii  Sancti  Leodegarii;  Galteri  Pipard;  Koberti 
Pipard ;  Rogerii  de  Burgevilla ;  Jordan!  de  Sulleio  ;  Philippi  de 
Bevredan ;  Hugonis  de  Bevredan. 

1147.  359.  Charter   of  Arnulf,   bishop   of   Lisieux   addressed  to 

(Transcript  of       Fulk  the  dean  and  all  the  chapter  of  Evreux.     He  gives  the 

archives  of  cSv^os  church  of  St.  Ymer  with  its  prebends  to  Letard  abbot  of  Bee 

H.  1809.)         and  the  brethren,  that  monks  n)ay   there   be  substituted  for 

canons.    Hugh  de  Montfort  and  Kobert  his  son  and  Adelina  his 

wife  have  implored  him  to  do  this  and  have  granted  it  so  far  as 

in  them  lay.     But  as  he  must  preserve  the  church  of  Lisieux 

from  all  harm,  he  deems  it  right  to  reserve  his  prebend  in  the 

church  of  St.  Ymer  unimpaired  for  ever,  etc 

Actum  apud  Novum  Burgum  anno  ab  Incarnatione  Domini 
MCXLVii.  presentibus  Rotrodo  Ebroicensi  episcopo  etc.     .     .     . 

[?  1147.]  360.  Charter  of  Geoffrey  {Godefridus)  duke  of  the  Normans 

(Transcript  oi'       and  count  of  the  Angevins  addressed  to  Hugh  archbishop  of 

*^°archives'<rf''°      Kouen  and    the  bishops    nnd    barons    of   all    Normandy.     He 

Calvados.)         grants  the  church  of  St.  Ymer  etc.  to  the  monks  of  Bee  as 

given  and  granted  by  Ernulf  bishop  of  Lisieux,  who  has  set 

forth  (profecto)  in  the  army  of  God  to  the  help  of  Jerusalem. 

Teste  Roberto  de  Novo  Burgo  apud  Salmuram. 

[N.  D.]  361.  Charter  of  Hugh  de  Monteforti  and  A[lice]  his  wife 

(Original  in  archives  orivine  and  fifrantinsT  to  the  abbey  lecclesie)  of  Bee  his  land  and 
of  ,heEnre,H.  54.)  |  ^^^f^^  ^^  Marretot. 


'  Hythe  ;  "  Hseca  "  in  Annates. 


122 


ABBEY  OF  BEO-HELLOUIN. 


[1149-1179.]  362.  Charter  of  Robert  de  Monteforti  giving  St  Mary  of 
(Collated  copy  of  Bec  and  St.  Ymerius  and  his  monks  at  St.  Ymerius  for  his 
the  Eure,  H.^59.)  ^^al  and  that  of  his  boys,  the  chapel  of  St.  Nicholas,  con- 
structed in  his  castle  of  Montfort,  so  that  the  prior  and 
monks  of  St.  Ymerius  may  institute  a  priest,  at  their  will,  in 
that  chapel  to  minister  there  when  he  or  his  wife  shall  stay 
there,  or  his  heirs  after  him.  And  he  offers  a  gilt  candlestick 
(candelabrum)  on  the  altar  of  Bec  before  these  witnesses.^ 

[N.  D.]  363.  Charter  of  Eobert  de  Monteforti,'  giving  to  Bec  and 

(Copy  in  archives  of  gt.  Hiiner  ut  supra  the  church  of  Watertot  which  Hugh  his 

t  e    ure,    .     .)    father  had  given  them,  as  he  is  assured  by  truthful  men  (a 

veridicis)  and  the  chapel  of  St.  Nicholas  constructed  in  the  castle 

of  Montfort,  with  other  gifts  [specified]  of  his  father  Hugh.^ 

Isti  sunt  testes  :  Rogerius  prior  de  Confl[uentio] ;  Valdricus 
secretarius ;  Gaufridus  de  Asneriis ;  Matheus  et  Richardus  de 
Bonesbo  ;  Eicardus  carpentarius  ;  Eogerus  crassus  ;  Henricus 
filius  Roberti. 

[1149-1179.]        364.  Notification  by  Robert  de  Monteforti   that,  about  to 

(Copy  in  archives  of  leave  for  Jerusalem,  he  there  in  presence  of  abbot  Roger  and 

the  Eure,  H.  76.)    ^j^^  -whole    convent    of    his  abbey  (eccleaie),  has    granted   to. 

God  and  St.  Mary's,  Bec,  to  St.  Himer  and  the  monks  there 

serving  God,  in  frank  almoin,  all  the  gifts  and  endowments  of 

his  predecessors  etc for  his  weal  and  that  of  his 

boys  and  heirs. 

Testibus^ :  Hugone  capellano  domni  Bardul ;  Gaufrido  de 
Asneriis;  Matheo  de  Bosneba;  Ricardo  nepote  ejus,  et  Ricardo 
carpentario  ;  Rogerio  Crano ;  Henrico  filio  Roberti. 

1182,  14  June.       365.  Bull  of  pope   Lucius   addressed   to   the   Prior  of   St. 

(Copy  in  archives  of  Himer  and  his  brethren.     He  confirms  to  them  inter  alia  in 

the  Eure,  H.  76.)    England  the  churches  of  Bradeburna,  Tiltentona,  and  Esbrugge, 

with  all  their  appurtenances  especially  the  tithe  of  fish  from 

Hythe  (Heca*)  etc [and]  of  the  gift  of  Henry  the 

illustrious  king  of  the  English  the  chapel  of  Beaulieu  (Bello 

loco)  with  tithes  and  all  appurtenances,  etc of  the 

gift  of  Oliver  de  Albineio  one  vavassor  paying  5  shillings  with 

the  reguard  (reguardis)  and  all  appurtenances  etc 

xiiii.  kalendas  Julii  ....  anno  mclxxxii.  pontificatus 
vero  Domini  Lucii  tertii  anno  secundo.^ 

1189.  366.  Charter  of  Ralf  bishop  of  Lisieux.     Following  in  the 

(Copy  in  archives  of  footsteps  of   his  predecessor  Arnulf.     He  confirms  to  R[oger] 

the  Eure,  H.  76.)     ^^iQ   abbot  and  the   monks  of   Bec   the  church  of   St.  Himer 

etc 

Acta  sunt  hsec  apud  Beccum  anno  incarnationis  dominice 
MCLXXXix.    in   die    videlicet    sepulture    Roberti    juvenis  de 

1  Ends  here.  ^  rphe  gifts  in  England  are  omitted. 

3  MS.:  "Teste."  M"  Heta." 

»  The  text  of  this  bull  is  printed  in  the  Annales  as  above. 


ABBEY  or  BEC-HELLOUIN.  123 

1189. 

Monteforti,  fratris  Hugonis  de  Monteforti,  ubi  idem  Hugo  de 
Monteforti,  ad  preces  matris  sue  Clementie,  ecclesiam  ssepe 
nominatam  S[anoti]  Ymerii  quam  Robertus,  pater  suus,  iniquo 
circumventus  consilio,  monachis  Beccensibus  dudum  abstulerat 
pro  anima  patris  sui  et  fratris  sui  Roberti  juvenis  et  sua  in 

manu  nostra  resignavit  etc 

Testibas  :  Gilleberto  Crispino  ;  Andrea  de  Vitreio ;  Gaufrido 
de  Arnetiis ;  Willelmo  de  Betbevilla ;  Willelmo  de  Baillol ; 
Radulfo  senescallo  ;  Hugone  de  Parco  ;  Waltero  Grobout ;  Hugone 
parvo. 

1194.  367.  Charter  of  Hugh  de  Monteforti.     For  the  weal  of  his 

(Copy  in  archives  of  soul  and  [those]  of  his  father  and  mother  and  his  brother  Robert, 

t  e  Eure,  H.  76.)  ^^^   .^^l   his   predecessors,    he   gives   and   grants   to   Bee   and 

St.  Himer  the  church  of  St.  Himer  which  Robert  de  Monteforti, 

his  father,  under  evil  counsel,  had  taken  from  the  monks  etc. 

also  fifty  shillings  [in  money]  of  Anjou  which 

Clementia  his  mother  gave  to  be  received  annually  from  Orebec 

for  the  lighting  of  the  church  of  St.  Himer  etc 

For  this  gift  and  grant  he  has  received  of  the  charity  of  the 
priory  (ecclesie)  of  St.  Himer  20  pounds  of  Anjou  by  the  hand 
of  Robert  de  Cadomo  then  its  prior. 

Acta  sunt  hec  incarnationis  Dominice  anno  MCXCIV.  anno 
scilicet  quo  Kichardus  rex  Anglie  de  Alemannia  reversus  est 
coram  his  testibus :  Almarico  de  Spineto ;  Gaufrido  de  Bette- 
villa,  et  Ricardo  fratre  ejus ;  Rogerio  de  Candos-;  Roberto  de 
Wivra ;  Ricardo  filio  Landerici ;  Gilleberto  de  Caablo ;  Hugone 
madido ;  Roberto  de  Valle ;  Petro  Rege ;  Hugone  de  Parco ; 
Radulfo  senescallo ;  Rogero  Ebroicensi ;  Gillermo  de  Longolio ; 
Anschitillo  Basso  ;  Hugone  parvo  ;  Ricardo  de  Putot ;  Roberto, 
de  Cambat ;  Joanne  Ostiario. 


[?  Circ.  1087.]       368.  Charter    of   Roger    de    BeUomonte,  granting  to    the 

(.MS.  lat.  13,905,    church  of  the  Holy  Trinity,  IBeaumont,   for  the  weal  of  the 

fo.  6d.)  gQ^  q£  jj-g  Jqj.j  ■\\riiiiaii),  conqueror  (expngnatoris)  of  England 

and  duke  of  the  Normans,  and  of  his  wife  queen  Mathildis  and 

of  his  SODS,  etc [grants   in  Normandy].      These 

gifts  he  has  confirmed  at  the  dedication  of  the  above  church, 
with  the  approval  and  permission  of  his  lord  king  William, 
conqueror  of  England,  and  duke  of  the  Normans,  his  [own]  sons 
Robert  count  of  Meulan  and  Henry  earl  of  Warwick  consenting. 
In  assensu  et  presentia  Willelmi  venerabilis  Rothomagensis 
archiepiscopi,  et  Gisleberti  Ebroicensis  episcopi,  et  Gisleberti 
Luxoviensis  episcopi.  Testantibus  Roberto  Normannorum  duce, 
et  Roberto  filio  Anschetilli  de  Tebotevilla,  fratribus  suis  Ra- 
dulfo et  fortino  (sic),  et.  Willelmo  dapifero  de  Formovilla,  et 
Mauricio  de  Pinu,  et  Gisleberto  filio  suo. 

[1101-1118.]        369.  [Notification  that]  in  the  reign  of  Henry  king  of  the 

(MS.  lat.,  13,905,    English,  Robert  count  of  Meulan,  of  the  lands  and  honours  he 

^°-  ^^-^  had  acquired  in  England,  gave  the  church  of  the  Holy  Trinity 


124 
[1101-1118.] 


ABBEY  OF  BEC-HELLOUIN, 


of  Beaumont  and  its  canons  a  certain  manor  near  Hungreford 
Edevetona^  by  name,  as  quit  as  he  held  (habebat)  it  in  demesne 
of  the  king  of  the  English,  and,  further,  the  church  of  Blendf ort, 
of  the  gift  of  his  wife  countess  Isabel,  his  lord  Henry  king  of 
the  English  confirming  [the  gift].  At  the  same  time,  the  said 
Elisabeth  (sic)  countess  of  Meulan  gave  the  same  church,  for  its 
lighting,  20  shillings  from  (in)  the  toll  of  Beaumont  by  consent 
of  her  husband  count  Robert,  etc. 

1142,  8  Dee.        370.  Charter  of  Gualeran  count  of  Meulan.     To  improve  the 
(MS.  lat.,  13,905,    state  of  the  church  of  the  Holy  Trinity  of  Beaumont,  by  the 
■    ■'  counsel  and  with  the  assent  of  Rotrou  bishop  of  Evreux  and  other 

religious  persons,  he  gives  to  God  and  St.  Mary  of  Bee  that  church 
with  all  its  appurtenances,  given  either  by  its  founder,  his  grand- 
father Roger  de  Bellomonte,  or  by  his  father  Robert  count  of 
Meulan  or  by  other  [of  the]  faithful  to  that  day.  He  therefore 
confirms  all  these  gifts  to  that  church  now  in  subjection  to  the 
abbey  (ecclesie)  of  Bee,  and  gives  it  and  the  monks  of  Bee 
serving  there  ten  librates  of  land  in  England,  in  his  manor  of 

Veia,  etc 

Ego  Gualerannus  comes  Mellenti  relegi  et  subscripsi ;  Rotrocus 
Ebroicensis  episcopus;  Philippus  Baiocensis  episcopus  tunc 
temporis  ecclesie  Sancte  Trinitatis  Bellomontensis  decanus; 
Gilderius  abbus  Lire ;  Herveus  de  Lierru^ ;  Robertus  de  Novo 
burgo ;  Henricus  de  Ferrariis,  etc  (sic)  ....  actum  publice 
in  capitulo  Becci  anno  ab  incarnatione  domini  1142  (sic)  6  idus 
Decembris.' 


[1100-1107.]        371.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  all  his  vicomtes  in. 

MS.  lat.  10,058,    whose  vicomUs  the  abbey  of  Bee  [holds]  lands  or  churches  or 

"■  ^^''  tithes.      He  grants  to  the  abbey  and  abbot  William  all   the 

lands,  churches  and  tithes  confirmed  to  them  by  his  fatiier  or 

brother,  as  held  in  their  time. 

Testibus :  Guillelmo  de  Willerwast,*  et  comite  de  Mellent, 
et  comite  de  Warvic. 

1121.  372.  [Notification  that]  in  the  year  1121  William  Maletgave 

(Quasi-original  in    ConteviUa  to  St.   Mary  of  Bee,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and 

*Ea^(^^H°28^*^     [those]  of   all  his  relatives  as  quit  and  entire  as  he  and  his 

predecessors  had  held  it.     King  Henry  confirms  (concedo)  this 

gift  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his  wife  and  all  his 

predecessors. 

[Crosses]  : — Henricus  rex  ;  Adeliza  regina ;  Willelmus  epis- 
copus Wintonie ;  Rogerus  episcopus  Salesberie ;  Rannulfus 
cancellarius ;  Drogo  de  Munceio ;  Walterus  filio  Ricardi ;  Hugo 
de  Gornaco ;  Gualeramus  comes  Mellenti ;  Rodbertus  comes 
Leecestrensis. 

'  See  Domesday  I.,  576  (1).  2  Reading  uncertain. 

^  Followed  in  the  MS.  lat.  by  a  confirmation,  of  same  date,  by  Kotrou  bishop 
of  Evreux. 
*  i.e.,  "  Warelwaat." 


ABBEY  OF  BP:C-HELL0UIN.  125 


1131.  373.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  generally  confirming  to  the  abbey 

(MS.  lat.  13,905,    of  Bee  all  gifts  made  to  it. 

audientia   et  presentia  Hugonis   archiepiscopi 

Rothomagensis,  et  Johannis  episcopi  Lexoviensis,  et  Audini 
episcopi  Ebroicensis  diocesalis,  et  Johannis  episcopi  Sagiensis,  et 
Roberti  de  sigillo,  et  NigoUi  nepotis  Rogeri  episcopi  Sares- 
beriensis,  et  Roberti  comitis  Glocestrie  filii  mei,  et  Willelmi 
[comitis]  de  Warenna,  et  Waleranni  comitis  Mellenti  advocati 
ecclesie  supradicte,  et  Roberti  comitis  Ijegrecestrie,  et  Walteri 
Gifard,  et  Rabeli  de  Tnucarvil]a,  et  Brientii  filii  comitis,  et  Hu- 
gonis Bigot  dapiferi,  et  Roberti  de  Haia  dapiferi,  et  Umfrldi  de 
Buhun  dapiferi,  et  Willelmi  filii  Odonis  conestabuli,  et  Willelmi 
de  Roumara,  et  Henrici  de  Pomeria,   et   Gaufridi  filii  Pagani. 

Peracta  feliciter  apud  Archas  in  transitu  meo  in  Angliam 
anno  ab  incarnatione  domini  Jesu  Ohristi  1131  et  regni 
mei  31. 

1133.  374.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  generally  for  England. 
(Original  in  MS.    He  grants  to  God  and  St.  Mary  of  Bee,  and  the  monks  there 

lat.  9211.)  serving  God,  in  alms  for  ever,  for  the  weal  of  the  souls  of  his 
father,  mother,  and  predecessors,  and  the  remedy  of  his  sins, 
and  the  [good]  estate  and  safety  of  his  realm,  the  manor  called 
little  Occhebuma,  for  the  clothing  of  the  monks,  with  all  dues, 
liberties,  and  possessions  belonging  to  that  manor  as  Brian 
{Brientins)  son  of  the  count  and  Matillis  his  wife,  whose  manor 
it  was,  gave  and  granted  to  them  in  his  presence.  This  their 
gift  and  his  gi-ant  he  confirms,  by  his  royal  authority  and 
the  power  granted  him  by  God,  to  that  abbey  (ecclesie)  for 
ever. 

T[estibus] :  Hugone  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi,  et  Audiiio 
episcopo  Ebr[oicerisi],  et  R[oberto]  de  sigillo,  et  Roberto  comite 
Gloec[eHtrie],  et  Hugone  Bigoto,  et  Umfr[ido]  de  Buh[un],  et 
Roberto  de  Ver,  et  Roberto  de  Curei,  et  G[aufrido]  filio  Pagani. 
Apud  Rothomagum.  Anno  Inc[amationis]  Domini  MC^  xxx. 
tercio. 

(Tr&or  des  Chartes,      375.    Vidi/mus  by   Charles  eldest   son   of   [John]   king   of 

,v^^^l^^^^<.^     France  in  1361  of  a  Vidimus  by  the  bailiffs  of  Rouen,  in  1285, 
Trans.  Vol.  133,       »  ,,       »  ,i       •  '' 

No.  279.)         of  the  following : — 

1134.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of  Rouen 
(MS.  lat.  13,905,    and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.    Recognising^  the  pre-eminence 

*°-  ^-^  of  the  abbey  of  Bee  in  religion  and  charity  he  deems  it  fitting 

to  grant  it   more  specially   than  others  certain  rights  ot  the 


'  "  Anno C  "  in  capitals. 

2  The  plural  form  is  used  throughout,  hut  this,  like  the  errors  in  the  witnesses' 
names  may  possihly  he  due  only  to  corruption  in  a  second-hand  Inspeximus.  It 
is,  however,  also  found  in  the  MS.  lat.  texts,  of  which  one  omits  the  portion  of  the 
charter  following  the  second  "  18  shillings,"  while  the  other  (fo.  9d.)  gives  the 
whole  as  above. 


126  ABBEY  OF  BEC-HELLOUIN. 

1134. 

crown.  He  decrees  therefore  that  if  any  of  its  men  within 
the  parish  of  Bee  strike  another  in  a  sudden  quarrel, 
without  malice  prepense  (odio  veteri),  he  shall,  for  this,  pay 
a  fine  of  18  shillings  to  the  abbot  and  monks,  but  if  he 
be  convicted  of  doing  this  of  malice  prepense,  he  shall  pay 
40  shillings.  If  a  stranger,  in  a  sudden  wrath,  strike  anyone 
within  the  parish,  he  shall  prove  his  innocence  in  the  abbot's 
court  or  pay  the  fine  adjudged  by  that  court.  If  anyone  within 
the  vill  of  Bee,  or  without  it  in  the  parish,  shall  be  guilty  of 
deliberate  assault,  he  shall  pay  60  shillings.  And  if  the  abbot's 
men  shall  see  anyone  so  offending  and  shall  not  arrest  him  they 
•'shall  either  prove  in  the  abbot's  court  that  they  could  not,  or 
shall  pay,  each  of  them,  eighteen  shillings.  None  of  the  abbot's 
men  is  to  enter  the  vill  of  Bee,  armed  by  day  or  by  night. 
Anyone  so  found,  except  he  be  about  to  travel  on  his  business 
shall  pay  18  shillings.  The  men  of  Bee  shall  not  [have  to]  leave 
the  vill  to  make  oath,  but  the  king's  officers  shall  come  in  to 
the  abbot's  court  and  hear  their  oath  there  if  [it  be]  needed. 
No  buyer  of  victuals  for  the  monks  or  pack  horse  [of  theirs]  shall 
be  taken  or  disturbed  at  markets,  or  elsewhere,  on  any  plea, 
but  shall  enjoy  the  same  liberty  as  the  king's.  And  if  one  of 
their  men  be  seized  or  detained  anywhere,  on  any  plea,  he  shall 
be  given  up  on  security  (per  plegiwm)  to  the  monks  of  Bee  or 
their  officers,  and  [the  case  is]  not  to  be  removed  to  any  other 
court  except  for  failure  of  justice  on  the  part  of  the  court  of 
Bee.  Throughout  the  parish  of  Bee  the  monks  shall  enjoy  all 
the  pleas  of  the  crown  (regias  libertates),^  except  only  rape,  for 
which  secular  judges  are  better  fitted  (honestius  existimus 
seculares  quam  monachos  judicare)  than  monks.  And  the 
monks'  men  of  the  parish  of  Bee  shall  be  quit  of  pleas,  claims 
and  assises  of  work  on  castles,  bridges,  ditches,  and  trenches 
(trencher')  and  all  secular  service  and  all  exaction[s].  And 
whenever  the  parish  of  Bee  has  to  pay  any  money,  it  shall 
go  to  the  monks. 

Testibus :  Audino  episcopo  Ebr[oicensi]  ;  Adel[ulfo]  episcopo 
Carl[eolensi]^ ;  Safredo  episcopo  Cicestr[ensi]^ ;  et  Koberto  de 
Ver,*  et  B,[oberto]  de  Curci,^  et  Hugone  Bigot,"  et  R[oberto]  de 
Haia,  et  B[riennio]  filio  comitis,  et  Gaufredo'  filio  Pagani,  et 
Drogone  de  Monci*  (sie),  et  Baldwino^  filio  Gisliberti.  Apud 
Rotomagum,  anno  incarnaeionis  dominice  1134^"  peracta^^ 
feliciter  in  Christo.^^ 

Charter  of  Henry  I.  granting  the  monks  of  Bee  all  liberties 
from  pleas,  amercements,  and  toll.  None  of  his  officers  is  to 
trouble  them  as  to  this  under  penalty  of  ten  pounds. 

Teste  Roberto  de  sigillo  apud  Rothomagum.^^ 

'  Several  are  specified.  2  Xrans.  :  "  Cal." 

'  Trana.  :  "  Ciscestrensi."  '  Trans.  :  "  deu'."  *  Trans.    "  Curti " 

«  Trans. :  "  gig'."  7  Trans. :  "  GafiKdo." 

8  Trans. :  "  Monti."  9  Trans. :  "  Radulfo." 

'"Trans.:  "  millesimo  c°xxx°iiii°."  "  Trans.;  "facta." 

>'  This  list  of  witnesses  is  taken  from  the  text  in  MS.  lat.  13,905,  fo.  9d. 

'^  In  this  charter  the  king  employs,  as  elsewhere,  the  singular  form. 


ABBEY  OF  BEC-HELLOUIN.  127 


[N.  D.]  376.  Charter  of  Robert  son  of  Gerold.     He  grants  to  the 

^*^S,^H"Tr'''^^^y  (ecc?esm)  of  St.  Mary  of  Bee  and  the  monks  there 
Trans.  477.)  '  «e»'ving  God  the  church  of  Clive,  on  his  return  from  Wales  (in 
reditu  mso  de  Gualia),  with  the  right  of  patronage  and  all  its 
appurtenances,  in  wood  and  plain,  in  meadow  and  pasture,  and 
the  land  of  Lege  and  the  land  of  Harewude,  with  the  whole 
grove,  in  alms  for  ever,  for  the  love  of  God  and  the  weal  of  his 
soul,  and  for  the  souls  of  his  father  and  mother,  and  of  his  wife, 
who  there  lies  buried.  He  offers  this  charter  on  the  altar  of 
St.  Mary's,  Bee. 

His  testibus :  Eadmaro  capellano  ejusdem  ecclesie ;  Ailwardo 
fratre  suo ;  Godwino  clerico ;  Rogero  filio  Geroldi ;  Gilleberto 
de  Cantelu  senescallo  domini  Roberti ;  Geroldo  de  Tantune ; 
Roberto  et  Willelmo  de  Malaunei. 

[N.  D.]  377.  Charter   of  William    de  Roumara.     He  notifies  that 

(Original  in  archives  he  has  inspected  the  charter   of    Robert    son  of    Gerold,   by 

T^r^^'.)^'    '^^<^^   lie   granted   to   the   abbey  of  St.  Mary,  Bee  and  the 

monks,  the  church  of  Clive,  and  that  it  is  worded  thus  (see 

No.  376). 

This  charter  of  his  predecessor  Robert,  he  ratifies  [repeat- 
ing its  tenor]  for  the  weal  of  his  soul,  and  those  of  all  his  pre- 
decessors. 

Testibus  hiis  :  Bernardo  priore  de  Novo  foro ;  Roberto  de 
altaribus ;  Oino ;  Waszone,  monacho  de  Becco  ;  Rogero  capel- 
lano de  Braimolt;  Hugone  de  Chenesee;  Hugone  de  Sancto 
Petro  in  campis ;  Roberto  nigro. 

[1123-8.]  378.  Charter  of  Stephen,  count  of    Mortain,   addressed  to 

(Original  in  archives  G[eoffrey]  archbishop  of  Rouen,  T[urgis]  bishop  of  Avranches 
"  TY^^^'^oe S'"'  ^^^  ^11  ^is  lieges  of  Normandy.  He  grants  to  the  abbey  of  Bee, 
its  abbot  and  monks,  the  lands  which  William  Pevrellus  of 
Dover  gave  them,  with  consent  of  his  brothers,  Hamon  and 
Payn,  which  are  [now]  of  his  fee,  namely  the  church  of  Buat, 
with  all  that  William  had  there  and  the  vill  of  Lire  with  its 
appurtenances. 

Testibus  :  Turstino  archiepiscopo  Eboracensi ;  Audoeno  epis- 
copo  Ebroicensi ;  Bernardo  episcopo  de  Sancto  David,  et  Gau- 
frido  Cancellario,  et  comite  Waltero  Giffardo,  et  Roberto  comite 
Leecestrie,  et  Willelmo  de  Tancarvilla,  et  Willelmo  de  Albinn[eio], 
et  Nigello  de  Albin[neio],  et  Willelmo  filio  Odonis,  et  Gaufrido 
de  Glintona  et  Rannulfo  de  Baioc[is],  et  Pagano  filio  Johannis. 
Apud  Rothomagum.  Fuit  facta  hec  concessio  in  presentia 
domini  et  avunculi  mei  Henrici  regis  Anglorum  et  in  presentia 
omnium  qui  subscripti  sunt. 

1138(?),  8  March.     379.  Notification  by  Hugh  Tirel  that  he  gives  to  the  abbey 

(Original  in  archives  of  Bec  and  the  monks  at  Conflans  {Cwmflwentum)  for  the  soul 

"*t7^s"^49?V°'    9^  liJs  mother,  who  there  took  the    religious  dress,  and  there 

died,  [a  rent  charge  of]  ten  marcs  of  silver  in  the  manor  called 

Lavigahan.  to  be  enjoyed  in  their  own  right  at  Michaelmas. 


128  ABBEY  OF  BEC-HELLOUIN. 

1138. 

Hoc  concessum  est  apud  Piceium  castrum^  anno  MCXXXViii. 

viii.  idus  martii.      Huic  conventioni  interfaerunt 

Robertus  prior  Cunflensis,  Gilduinus  filius  Waleranni,  Willelmus 
prior  Picensis,  Erardus  et  Hugo  canonici,  Gaufridiis  miles  et 
Warnerius  frater  ejus,  et  Girardus  de  Copenvilla,  Johannes  et 
Robertus  Rufus  famuli  monachorum. 

1143.  380.  Charter  of  Robert  de  Novoburgo.     With  the  consent 

{Vidimus  of  12S5    of  his  mother  Margaret  countess  [of  Warwick],  his  wife  Gode- 

Evreux,  G.  125,    to  God  and  St.  Mary  of  Bee  8  pounds  (Librae  denariorum)  of 

fo.  i48rf.  money  of  Rouen  (Rothomagen')  from  Pont  Audemer    yearly, 

Al8oMs.iat.^i3,905,^^^ he  grants  sixty  shillings  (so?idos  c^ewW- 

oruTTh  Romeliorumf  of  Rouen  money  (?)  from  Pont  Audemer,  of 
his  fee,  which  William"  son  of  Robert  gave  St.   Mary's,  Bee, 

etc 

Testibus  ex  parte  Robert! :  Guilleberto  de  Bigart ;  Rogero  de 

Sancta  Columba,  etc Ex  parte  ecclesie  Becci : 

Galleranno  comite  Mellenti ;  Willelmo  filio  Roberti ;  Willelmo 
,         de  Pinu.     Actum  est  hoc  anno  ab  incarnatione  domini  M°C°XLIII°.^ 

[1155-1164.1        381.  Charter  of  William,  brother  of  the  king  of  England, 

(MS.  lat.  10,058,   addressed  to  his  vicomte  and  all  his  officers  and  men  of  Dieppe. 

fo.  89.)  jjg  graritd,  in  alms  for  ever,  that  all  the  monks  of  Bee,  wherever 

they  may  dwell,  on  either  side  the  sea,  shall  be   quit  oi  passage 

[money]  at  Dieppe  and  of  all  other  dues,  and  all  their  men,  and 

property  also.     And  no  one  is  to  wrong  them  therein. 

Testibus :  Alano  de  Falesia ;  Hugone  de  Cressy.* 

[1173-1175.]        382.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.    He  confirms 
(Tr^sor  des  Charles,  to   the  abbot  and  monks   of  Bee    all  gifts   made  to  tliem   in 
J.  Reg.  92,  No.  58.  gQgiand  and   Normandy,  with  all  tlieir  liberies   [specified  at 
MS.Tat.  13,905,     ^reat  length]. 

fo.  21.)  Testibus :    R[otrodo]    archie ()iscopo    Rothomagensi ;      Egidio 

episcopo  Ebroiceiisi ;  R[adulfo]  canc[ellario°]  ;  Johanne  decano 
Sarisberiensi ;  R[oberto]  decano  Ebrociensi ;  R[oberto]  comite 
Leicestrie ;  R[icardo]^  de  Canvilla ;  Simone  de  Tomebu.'  Apud 
Kivilli. 

Oct-May.  383.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed    to    his  bailiffs  and 

[1174-5.]       lieges  of  Normandy.     He  grants  to  the  abbot  and  monks  of 

(Original  in  collection  Bee   [permission]  to  take  what  they  require  in  his  forests  of 

°*'ftan8'T29''       Rouvray  (Roveraium)  and  Bord,  pastuie  there  for  their  animals, 

Partial  facsimile.)  and  freedom   for  their  demesne  swine   from  pannage  and  all 

other  dues  throughout  his  woods  and  forests  of  Normandy. 

'  Wrongly  rendered  "  Poissy  "  in  Inventaire  Sommaire. 
'  The  MS.  lat.  text  omits  the  last  two  words. 
3  The  MS.  lat.  adds  here  "  [Signa]  Eoherti  de  Novo  Burgo  ;  Gualeranni  comitis 
Mellenti;  Henrici  filii  Roberti  de  Novo  Burgo;  Radulfi  fratris  Henrici  de  Novo 
ISiirgo."  In  the  MS.  lat.  this  charter  is  followed  hy  one  of  Henry,  son  of  this 
Robert  de  Novoburgo,  confirming  it,  m  1178,  his  own  gifts  being  farther  confirmed 
by  his  son  Robert  in  1190. 

*  Compare  No.  185.  *  Trans.  :  "Cant'."  "  "Trans.:  "E." 

'  This  list  of  witnesses  is  taken  from  the  MS.  lat.,  as  the  Transcript  contains 
several  errors. 


ABBEY  01?  BEC-HEliLOUIN.  129 


[1174-5.] 


Testibus  :  R[otrodo]  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  Ricardo 
episcopo  Wintoniensi ;  Johanne  decano  Saresberiensi ;  Hugone 
de  Cressi ;  Sehero  de  Quenci ;  Alveredo  de  Sancto  Martino. 
Apud  Vallem  Ruellii. 

[Circ.  1189.]        384.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  to  the  abbey  of  Bee.      Printed  in 
(Cartulary  of       Mon.  Ang.,  VI.  1067.^ 
Evreux,  G.  122,  fo.  15.    Trans.  93.    Cartulaire  de  Normandie,  Trans.  133.^) 

[1189-1193.]  385.  Charter  of  Hubert  bishop  of  Salisbury.  Considering 
(Ori^al  in  ajchiTes  the  religion  (religionem)  and  hospitality  of  the  monks  of  Bee, 
o  Trenx,  H.  10.)  j^g  grants  and  confirms  to  them  for  ever  the  church  of  greater 
Ockeburn',  with  all  its  appurtenances,  permitting  them  to 
convert  to  their  own  use  all  the  profits  of  that  church,  and  to 
dispose  of  them  as  they  will,  saving  the  bishop's  dues,  and  the 
support  of  a  sufficient  chaplain,  and  of  those  who  shall  minister 
in  that  church  on  behalf  of  the  monks. 

Hiis  testibus :  Ranulfo  thesaurario  Saresb[iriensi] ;  Magistro 
Symone  de  Scal[is] ;  Waltero  capellano  nostro ;  Gregorio  clerico ; 
Magistro  Nicholao  ;  Magistro  Fulchero  ;  Thoma  de  Stokingebir' ; 
Roberto  de  Rudeb[ia]  et  aliis. 

[1192-1197.]        386.  Charter  of  Savaric  bishop  of  Bath,  notifying  that  he 
(Original  in  archives  has    inspected   the  charter  of  Robert  son  of  Gerold  (see  No. 

°  Traus^assS  376),  by  which  he  grants  to  the  abbey  of  Bee,  and  the  monks 
there  serving  God,  the  church  of  Glive  [recited].  Following  in 
the  footsteps  of  R[eginald]  late  bishop  of  Bath,  he  confirms  it, 
granting  that  the  said  monks  may  apply  the  church  of  Clive  to 
their  own  uses,  saving  episcopal  rights. 

Hiis  testibus :  magistro  Ricardo  de  Wilton ;  magistro  Alex- 
andre, magistro  Ernaudo,  medicis ;  Ricardo  Constancie  archi  - 
diacono  ;  magistro  Rogerio  de  Herevilla ;  Rogero  de  Bonavilla, 
Johanne  Chauvel,*  clericis  ;  Radulfo  Tessun  ;  Gaufrido  Furnerio ; 
Hugone  coco,  et  multis  aliis  et  clericis  et  laicis. 

[1192-1197.]  387.  Letter  to  Savaric,  bishop  of  Bath,  from  Roger  de 
(Original  in  archives  Yer  and  master  Peter  de  Mesnilio,  his  clerks.  As  they  were 
"  Trans''384  )^^  ignorant  that  the  advowson  of  the  church  of  Clive  belonged  to 
the  monks  of  Bee,  his  predecessor  [bishop]  Reginald  had  collated 
them  to  it  on  the  presentation  of  the  most  noble  earl  William  de 
Romara.  They  have  since  inspected  the  charter  from  Robert  son 
of  Gerold,  the  said  William's  predecessor,  which  the  monks 
possess,  also  the  confirmations  of  the  pope  and  of  the  bishop's 
predecessor  R[eginald]  to  the  monks ;  and  they  consulted  there- 
upon discreet  men  learned  in  the  Law  {legis  peritos) ;  and 
having  taken  counsel  with  them,  at  the  entreaty  also  of 
William  de  Romara,  who  wishes  to  confirm  what  was  done  by 

'  William  de  Mara,  a  witness  in  the  Monasticon,  is  not  found  in  the  Cartulary. 
Deville's  Transcript  has  "  dicto,"  in  error  for  "  clerico  "  [de  camera] . 

2  The  latter  text  has  no  witnesses,  but  appears  to  be  the  same  charter,  though 
recording  a  separate  donation. 

3  .Trans. :  "  Channel," 

e    92ti£4.  <  1 


130  ABBEY  OF  BEC^HELLOUIN. 

[1192-1197.]  ~  \ 

his  predecessor,  and  to  correct  his  own  mistake,  and  at  the 
entreaty  and  advice  of  the  lord  [bishop]  of  Ely  (Heliensis) 
they  renounced  [their  claim  to]  the  said  church  and  resign  it  to 
the  bishop.  And  because  they  cannot  come  in  their  own 
persons — and  he  wlio  sends  a  letter  comes  for  all  purposes 
{satis) — they  humbly  beg  his  excellency  to  ratify  this  restitu- 
tion and  resignation,  and  to  allow  the  monks  the  right  they 
ought  to  have  in  the  said  church. 

[1192-1197.]  388.  Charter  of  Savaric,  bishop  of  Bath.  Observing  the 
(Original  in  archives  pre-eminence  of  the  monks  of  Bee  in  religion  and  hospitality 
"  TranTass )'  t^^*^  anxious]  that  they  may  be  freer  for  [the  duties  of]  religion, 
and  able  to  be  [even]  richer  in  good  works,  he  grants  them  the 
church  of  Clive,  of  William  de  Rumara,  with  all  its  appurte- 
nances, as  a  possession  for  ever,  permitting  them  to  apply  to 
their  own  use  all  the  revenues  (fructus)  and  profits  of  that 
church,  and  to  dispose  of  them  as  they  may  deem  best,  saving 
the  bishop's  dues  and  honourable  and  sufficient  sustenance  for 
a  chaplain  and  for  those  who  shall  minister  in  that  church  by 
appointment  of  (per)  tlie  monks. 

Hiis  testibus :  R[icardo]  Constantienci  archidiacono  :  B[ald- 
wino]  cancellario  Saresb[iriensi] ;  K.  de  Viltemunt ;  J.^  de 
Montaicuto,  et  multis  aliis, 

1199.  389.  Charter  of   Savaric,  bishop  of  Bath  and  Glastonbury. 

(Origiiihl  in  archives  By  the  common  counsel  and  assent  of  Alexander  dean  of  Wells 
"  Tralfts^aai )  ^^^  ^^  whole  chapter,  he  grants  to  the  abbots  and  convent  of 
St.  Mary's,  Bee  for  ever  the  church  of  St.  Andrew,  Clive, 
with  all  its  appurtenances,  as  a  prebend  of  Wells  ( Well[ense]m) 
appointing  and  granting  that  the  said  abbot  and  convent  shall 
hold  that  church  for  ever  free  of  all  exactions  from  bishops, 
archdeacons,  or  their  officials,  as  a  free  prebend,  and  that  they 
shall  be  Cfinons  thereof  enjoying  stall  in  choir,  place  in  chapter, 
[share  in]  the  common  fund  (coTrvmunia),  and  full  participation 
Ifraternitatem)  in  the  church  of  Wells,  in  life  and  in  death 
like  the  other  canons,  save  that  they  shall  never  be  compelled 
to  reside  in  person,  and  that  nothing  shall  be  done  to  compel 
them  to  do  so.  They  shall  provide  a  vicar  to  reside  for  ever 
in  the  church  of  Wells,  and  to  discharge  the  priestly  oBBce 
for  them,  and  he  shall  receive  from  them  four  marcs  sterling 
a  year,  ohe  every  quarter  through  the  proctor  whom  they 
shall  appoint  for  the  church  of  CUve,  as  well  as  all  else  that 
a  vicar  so  taainistering  should  receive  according  to  the  custom 
of  the  chutch  of  Wells.  He  grants  also  that  when  an  abbot 
of  Bee  died,  his  obsequies  (ohsequium)  shall  be  celebrated  in 
the  church  of  Wells  on  the  day  of  his  obit,  and  on  the  day 
of  his  anniversary  [?  as]  for  the  bishops  of  Bath,  as  to  the 
spiritualities  (spiritualia),  and,  at  the  middle  day  (medio 
tempore)  as  for  one  of  the  canons;  and  when  one  of  the 
brethren  dies,  his  obit  and  the  anniversary  day  [shall  be 
celebrated]  as  a  canon's,  and  the  middle  day  as  a  canon's,  in 
matters   spiritual   (in   sjnritualibus),   save    procuration.      He 

1  "T"  in  Transcript. 


ABBEt  OF  BEC-HELLOUIN.  131 

1199.  ~ 

further  grants  that  whether  the  abbot,  or  a  monk,  or  one  of 
the  order  of  Bee  shall  pass  through  Wells,  he  shall  enjoy  full 
commons  {communia),  like  a  canon  of  Wells.  And  he  and  his 
brethren  are  to  enjoy  the  same  [privileges]  in  life  and  in  death 
in  the  church  of  Bee  by  grant  of  its  brethren. 

Actum  anno  gratie  Mocoxcixo  in  presentia  domini  H[uberfci] 
Cantuariensis^  archiepiscopi,  Radulli  primi  abbatis  de  Cliva, 
Godefridi  filii  comitis  Flandrensis  archidiaconi  Camaracensis, 
magistri  J[ohannis]  de  Tinemue,  magistri  Willelmi  de  Sumercote, 
Johannis  de  Sancto  Edmundo.^ 

1199.  390.   Notification  that  the  long  controversy  between  Savaric 

(Original  in  archives  bishop  of  Bath  and  Glastonbury  and  the  dean  and  chapter 
°  Tra^s!^33lj.j^  °^  *^®  church  of  WcUs,  on  the  one  hand,  and  the  abbot  and 
convent  of  Bee  on  the  other,  concerning  the  church  of 
St.  Andrew,  Clive,  which  the  former  claimed  for  themselves 
as  a  prebend  of  Wells,  and  the  latter  as  belonging  to  themselves 
and  their  church,  has  been  settled  at  length  thus : —  the  bishop, 
by  consent  of  Alexander  dean  of  Wells  and  the  whole  chapter, 
and  with  the  common  assent  of  the  abbot  and  convent  of  Bee, 
has  ordained,  etc.  (ut  sv/pra). 

Actum  anno  gratie  Mocoxcoix.  in  presentia  domini  H[uberti] 
Cantuariensis  archiepiscopi,  Radulfi  primi  abbatis  de  Cliva, 
Godefridi  fratris  {sic)  comitis  Flandrensis,  archidiaconi  Came- 
racensis,  magistri  J[ohannis]  de  Tinemue,  magistri  Willelmi  de 
Sumercote,  magistri  Ade  de  Wasingueham,  Johannis  de  Kenoa- 
villa,  Johannis  de  Cruce  capellani  dicti  archiepiscopi,  Johannis 
de  Sancto  Edmundo. 

1203,  20  April.      391.  Charter  of  John  addressed  generally.     He  confirms  to 
(Original  in  archives  the  abbey  of  Bec,  its  abbot  and  monks,  the  right  of  wardship 

°*  Trans!"?")"'^'  °*  ^"^^  ^'^^  ^^^  ^^^''^  °^  *^®  abbey's  fief,  both  of  knights  and 
vavassours  (vavassori)  with  their  lands  and  tenements  and 
all  other  appurtenances  of  wardship,  and  with  the  marrying 
(Tnaritagiis)  of  them  and  of  the  widows  of  knights  and  vavas- 
sours, on  their  fief  who  ought  to  be  married  through  them, 
saving  to  him  and  his  successors  their  rights.  No  one  is  to 
interfere  with  or  lay  hands  on  these  rights  of  marriage  and 
wardship  without  the  consent  of  the  abbot  and  monks. 

Testibus :  Willelmo  de  Breosa ;  Roberto  de  Harecort ; 
Gyr[ardo]  de  Fornivalle ;  Johanne,  et  Petro,  et  WiUelmo  de 
Pratellis ;  Gaufrido  de  Bosco ;  Petro  de  Stok[es] ;  Roberto  de 
Ropesl[e] :  Datum  per  manum  Hugonis  de  Well[e],  apud  Beccum 
XX.  die  Aprilis  anno  regni  nostri  quarto,  quo  comes  Robertus 
Sagiensis  fecit  nobis  proditionem  apud  Alenconem,  testibus 
Radulfo  Taxoni  senescallo  Normannie,  Willelmo  constabulario 
Normannie,  R[oberto]  de  Tresgoz  et  aliis  fidelibus  nostris  ibi  tunc 
presentibus. 

1  Trans. :  "  Cantuarum." 

2  Compare  the  Wells  charter,  No.  16,  and  its  entry  in  Ziber  Alius,  III. 
fo.  381(/.  (Historical  MSS.  Commission  :  Wells  Eeport,  pp.  211,  294).  The  list  of 
witnesses  is  different. 

12 


132 


PRIORY  OF  ST.  LAURENCE  OF 
ENVERMEU, 

POR  MONKS  OF  EEC, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE     OP     BOXJEN. 

[MS.  Lat.  10,058  in  Bibliotheque  Nationale.'^] 


[1098-1105.]        392.  Charter  of  Turold  bishop  of  Bayeux  and  Hugh  de  Euvre- 
(MS.  lat.,  10,058,    mou  his  brother,^  giving  to  the  abbey  (ecdesie)  of  St.  Mary,  Bee, 
^°'  ^-^  the   church  of  St.  Laurence,  EnvremoU,  with  the  whole  tithe 

appurtenant  and  one  tenant,  with  other  endowments  [specified], 
and  the  tithe  of  the  mills  and  toll  of  Envermou  and  of  all  the 
stock  (pecunia)  of  Hugh  Denvermou  etc.  .  .  .  And  Hugh 
de  Envermou  gives  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Mary,  Bee,  and  to  St. 
Laurence  ten  librates  of  land  in  England,  and  two-thirds  of  the 
tithe  of  all  the  demesne  he  has  or  shall  have  in  England,  and 
of  all  his  stock  (pecunia);  and  in  each  of  his  demesne  manors, 
he  gives  one  tenant  (hospitem)  to  guard  the  property  of  the 
monks. 

[1104-1106.]  393.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  all  his  officers  of  the 
(MS.  lat.,  fo.  7.)  com<e  and  the  forests  of  Arques  and  Alihermont.  He  gives 
and  grants  to  St.  Mary  of  Bee,  for  the  use  of  her  monks  serving 
God  at  Envremou,  that  they  may  have,  in  his  forest  of  Aliher- 
mont a  grove  (riemus)  for  firing  and  free  pasture  for  their  swine 
and  animals. 

Teste  Hugone  de  Envremodio,  in  obsidione  ante  Archas. 

[Girc.  1115.]        394.    Charter   of    Henry   I.   addressed    to   the   vicomte  of 
(MS.  lat.,  fo.  45.)  Arques,  etc.      He  grants   to  the  monks   of   St.  Laurence   of 
Envremou  a  fair  yearly,  on  the  eve  of  the  feast  of  its  dedica- 
tion, with  his  peace  for  all  coming  and  going,  etc.     .     .     . 

Testibus  :  Nigello  de  Albini,^  et  Guillelmo  de  Tanquardivilla. 
Apud  Rothomagum. 

'  A  collated  copy,  made  in  1770,  of  the   Cai'tulaiy  compiled  in  1465,  in  -which 
he  witnesses'  names  are  hadly  distorted. 
*  See  Feudal  England,  p.  159.  '  Cart.  :  "Hicolas  de  Albinium," 


PRIORY  OF  ST.  LAURENCE  OF  ENVERMEU.     133 


^^r'  ^^^^'^        ^^^-  ^"*  ^^  ^^"^y  ^-  addressed  to  Rainold  (Ramondo)  de 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  8.)    Envremou.     He  is  not  to  do  any  wrong  to  the  monks  of  St. 

Laurence  of  Envermeu  (Envremodio),  for  he  wills  that  they 

hold  their  multure  and  all  that  is  theirs  as  they  held  in  the 

time  of  Hugh  de  Envremou. 

Teste  Nigello  de  Albiniaco.^     Apud  Rothomagum. 

[Ciro.  1130.]        396.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  granting  to  the  priory  (ecclesie) 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  44.)   of  St.  Laurence  of  Euvremou,  subject  to  the  abbey  (ecclesie) 

of  Bee,  all  it  possesses  in  England,  namely  what  Baldwin  son  of 

Gilbert^  granted  it,  of  the  lasd  which  belonged  to  (fuit)  Hugh 

de  Envremou,  etc 

Ista  carta  confirmata  est  Rothomago  (sic),  testibus  :  Turstino 
archiepiscopo  Evrouic^ ;  Guillelmo  comite  Varennie,  et  pluribus 
aliis.  Ego  autem  pro  salute  mea  et  heredum  meorum,  concedo 
eis  piscaturam  de  Archis. 

[Circ.  1130.]        397.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  Brian  (Briencio)  son 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  46.)  of  the  count  and  Robert  vicomie  of  Arques.     For  the  souls  of 

his  father  and  mother,  and  for  his  own,  he  grants  to  the  monks 

of  Bee  at  Envremou  the  saltpan  which  Oudard  son  of  Gudard 

gave  them. 

Teste*  Roberto  de  sigillo.    Apud  Rothomagum. 

\Girc.  1130.]        398.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  7.)     Rouen  and  the  justice  (justitie)  and  vicomte  of  Arques,  and 

all  his  barons  of  Normandy.     He  grants  [leave]  to  the  monks 

of   Envremou    to  make    a  mill   on   their   water   of   Baliibet, 

etc 

T[estibus]  B[oberto]  de  Haeia,  et  B[riennio]  filio  comitis,  et 
Guillelmo  Martel,  et  [Willelmo]  filio  Odonis,  et  Unfredo  de 
Buth[un],  et  Roberto  vicecomite  Archarum,  et  Walcelino 
Maminoth.^     Apud  Archas. 

'  Cart. :  "  NIcol'  de  Albadin."  '  Cart. :  "  frater  Guilleberti." 

'  lb.  ■  "  Euroddit."  *  Cart. :  "Testibus." 

'  Cart. :  "  Martel,  et  filius  Ode,  et  Uulfr'  de  butb,  et  Bobertus  yicarch,  ct  Walco' 
de  merce  manentes." 


134 


PRIORY  OF  ST.  MARTIN  DU  BOSC, 

FOR  MONKS  OF  BEG. 

{Cartulary^  in  Archives  of  the  Seine  Infdriev/re,  D.  20.] 


1106.  399.  Charter  of  Henry  count  of  Eu  (Augi).    For  the  weal  of 

(Cartulaiy,fos.i5,i7,  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his  father  and  mother  and  all  his  pre- 
Trans.  49.)  decessors,  he  gives  to  St.  Mary  of  Bee  and  St.  Martin  de  Bosco 
and  the  monks  there  serving,  and  to  serve,  God  in  alms  for 
ever  the  manor  in  England  called  Hou  with  all  its  appiirte- 
nances,  free  from  every  kind  of  due  and  exaction  ;  and  he  gives 
freedom  for  ever  to  all  men  dwelling  in  that  manor  from  [courts 
of]  hundred  and  shire  and  all  other  claims  and  dues.  In  Nor- 
mandy he  gives  at  Tr^port  etc.  etc. 

Acta  sunt  hec  incamationis  dominice  anno  Mocvi.  coram  his 
testibus  :  Tirello  de  Maneriis  ;  Kadulfo  filio  vicecomitis  ;  Roberto 
de  Freelvilla;  Droardo  de  Maisnillo;  Hugone  de  Hamsevilla; 
Hugone  de  Manthevilla ;  Inguerrano  de  Esifcocengiis^ ;  Giroldo 
de  Normanvilla  ;  Roberto  filio  Walterii ;  "Willelmo  Pengnart ; 
Rogero  de  Petrevalle ;  Hugone  de  Petreponte ;  Gauf rido 
capellano. 

1170.  400.  Charter  of  John  count  of  Eu,  confirming  the  preceding 

(Cartulary,  fo.  19.     giffc. 

TraDs.  410. )  Acta  sunt  hec  incamationis  dominice  anno  m°c°lxxo  coram 

hiis  testibus  :  Waltero  de  Sancto  Martino  juvene ;  Henrico  de 
Cennerula ;  Rogero  de  Maneriis  ;  Gaufrido  de  Salceio  ;  Rogero 
de  Bricheneio ;  Eustachio  Harenc ;  Rogero  de  Freelvilla ; 
Gaufrido  de  Sancto  Martino  juvene ;  Goscelino  de  Crioil ; 
Rogero  de  Freelvilla. 

1190.  401.  Cliarter  of  Henry  count  of  Eu,  confirming  the  above 

(Cartulary,''  fo.  16.    charters  of  his  father  John  and  his  grandfather  Henry. 

rans.   1  .)  Acta  sunt  hec  incamationis  dominice  anno  Mcxc.  coram  hiis 

testibus :  Willelmo  Strabone  ;  Roberto  de  Daevilla ;  Guilleberto 
de  Sancto  Audoeno ;  Elmodo  de  Grantaut ;  Rogone  de  Daevilla  ; 
Johanne  de  Camera ;  Johanne  Roussel,  et  multis  aliis. 

'  Paper,  15th  cent.  Also  authenticated  copies  of  the  charters  in  D.  17. 
These  are  found  in  Series  D.  among  the  archives  of  the  Seine  Inferieure,  because 
the  Priory  was  subsequently  united  to  the  College  of  Eu. 

^  Sic  in  Transcript.  This  word  is  blotted  in  the  Cartulary,  but  can  be  read  as 
"  Esscotengiis."  In  the  copy  on  fo.  17  it  is  "  Esthotenguiis."  It  is  possibly  an 
error  tor  "  Hastingiis  "  (see  Nos.  231,  233). 

'■'  Some  paper  copies  in  D.  17  give  the  date  of  this  charter  as  11.59. 
The  documents  in  this  Cartulary  are  subject  to  grave  suspicion. 


135 

ABBEY  OF  LIRE, 

POR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE     OF    EVREUX. 

'[Original  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Eure.] 


[1100,  1  Dec]        402.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  Girard  the  bishop  [of 

Original  in  archives,  Hereford]  and  Hugh  de  Laci  and  all  his  barons  of  Hereford 

Ti-aus^^29.)        [shire].     He  permits  Hugh  Asinus  to  give  the  manor  of  Ocle 

(Aclea),  in  which  is  a  hide  of  land,  to  the  abbot  and  monks  of 

Lire.     The  abbey  is  to  hold  the  land  as  it  was  held  by  Hugh  in 

the  time  of  William  I.  and  William  II. 

Teste  Osberno  filio  Richardi,  et  Richardo  filio  Pontii,  et 
Rogerio  de  Insula.     Apud  Neweham.     In  primo  die  Adventus. 

[1152-1154.]        403,  Charter  of  Henry,  duke  of  Normandy  and  Aquitaine 

(Original  in  duplicate  and   count  of   Anjou   addressed   generally  [for   England  and 

^^H^aa^^'        Normandy].     He  gives  to  the  abbot  and  monks  of  Lire  freedom 

Trans.  89.)        from  dues  {quietantiam)  on  everything  of  their  own  throiigh- 

out  his  territory. 

Testibus  :  Roberto  de  Novoburgo  ;  Roberto  de  Dunstanvilla ; 
Joeelino  de  Baill[olio] ;  Radulfo  de  Toenio ;  Henrico  de  Novo- 
burgo ;  Hugone  de  Piris ;  Hugone  de  Hamo.slap.  Apud  Lerru 
in  foresta  Conchiarum. 

[1154-5.]  404.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  to  the  abbey  of  Lire.     Printed  in 

(Original  in  archives,  _/|fo7j,as<ico?i  Anqlicanum,  VI.  1092,  from  a  Cartulary  of  Lire. 
H.  438.    Trans.  87.)  j  ,  >  j 

[1156-1166.]       405.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 
(Original  in  archives,  to  the  monks  of  Lire  freedom  from  toll,  passage-money,  and 
Tmns^^g^  )        pontage,  and  all  dues  on  everything  their  men  can  declare  to  be 
their  own.     Ten  pounds  penalty  for  infringement. 

Testibus :  Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Man[assero] 
Biset  dapifero  ;  Ricardo  de  Canvilla  ;  Roberto  de  Dunstan- 
villa ;  Jocellino  de  Baillolio ;  Hugone  de  Pirariis.  Apud  Vallem 
Rodolii. 

[1156-1175.]  406.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  all  those  in  whose 
(Original  in  archives,  bailiwicks  the  abbot  and  monks  of  Lire  hold  lands.  All  the 
Trans^go)  abbey's  tenants  and  possessions  are  under  his  special  protection, 
and  are  to  be  guarded  as  his  own.  They  are  to  enjoy  the  same 
exemption  as  in  his  grandfather's  time  from  shire  [courts]  and 
hundred  [courts]  and  aids  and  scutages  and  carrying  services 
(sumagiis)  and  all  else.  Full  and  prompt  justice  is  to  be  done 
them  for  any  infringement. 

Testibus :  Willelmo  de  Sancto  Johanne,  et  Willelmo  de  Curci 
dapifero.    Apud  Argentonum, 


136  ABBEY  OF  LIRE. 


[1174-1189.]       407.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     The  abbot 

(Original  in  archives,  and  inonks  of  Lire  and  all  belonging  to  them  are  under  his 

Trans.^92.)       protection.    They  are  therefore  to  be  guarded  and  upheld  as  his 

own,  and  should  anyone  wrong  them,  prompt  amend  is  to  be 

made. 

Testibus:  Henrico  Baiocensi,  et  Reginaldo  Bathonensi, 
episcopis,  et  Kanulfo  de  Glanvilla.     Apud  Cadomum. 

[1190-1204.]  408.  Charter  of  Kobert  son  of  Parnel,  earl  of  Leicester, 
(Original  in  archives,  notifying  that  for  the  souls  of  his  father  and  mother,  and  of 
Trans.  447.)  Loreta  his  wife,  and  of  all  his  successors,  he  gives  to  God  and 
the  monastery  of  St.  Mary  of  Lire  le  Champ  Motteux  (campws 
fnotosus)  with  the  buildings  thereon  and  with  the  whole  stock 
there,  and  with  everything  intact,  in  frank  almoin  ;  and  he  wills 
that  the  monks'  servants  cultivating  that  land  shall  receive  in 
his  forest  of  Breteuil  all  that  they  require  for  erecting  and 
repairing  buildings  there,  and  for  firing,  by  the  view  and 
livery  of  his  foresters.  They  are  also  to  have  in  the  forest 
sufficient  pasture  for  the  stock  there. 

Hiis  testibus :  Paulo  abbate  Leicestrie ;  Philippo  de  Albigneio ; 
Marchis'  et  Oliverio  fratribus  suis ;  Thoma  de  Estlega  senes- 
callo  meo  in  Anglia ;  Godefrido  de  Quatremaris ;  Phillippo  de 
Bedo ;  Willelmo  capellano  meo  ;  Willelmo  de  Langeton,  Luca 
et  Boherto  clericis  meis,  et  aliis 

[N.  D.]  409.  Charter  of  Bobert  earl  of  Leicester  addressed  to  all 

(Original  in  archives,  jjig  men  and  his  friends,  present  and  future.  For  the  weal  of 
Trans.  446 )  ^^^  father's  and  mother's  souls,  and  his  own  and  his  wife's  and 
those  of  his  predecessors  and  successors,  he  gives  to  God  and 
the  abbey  of  St.  Mary  of  Lire  and  the  monks  there  serving 
God  and  St.  Mary  the  fulling-mill  (molendinum  folerez)  of 
Lire  with  the  whole  multure  of  all  his  fee  on  that  side  of  the 
forest  on  which  lie  the  abbey  and  the  mill ;  and  [he  grants] 
that  weavers  shall  dwell  in  his  fortress  (castello)  of  Lire,  and 
work  there,  and  .shall  go  for  multure  to  the  said  mill  of  the 
monks  ;  and  that  his  men  of  his  fortress  of  Lire  shall  not  pay 
for  the  fulling  of  a  yard  (virga  folenda)  more  than  twopence 
halfpenny  in  money  of  the  province. 

Testibus  :  Ernaldo  de  Bosco ;  Willelmo  de  Diva  ;  Willelmo  de 
Chirai ;  Willelmo  de  Wibetot ;  Willelmo  de  Bemcart ;  Gilleberto 
de  Plessei ;  Hugone  de  Alnou ;  Roberto  capellano  ;  Simone 
clerico. 

[JN.  D.]  410.  Charter  of  Robert  son  of   Robert  earl  of  Leicester, 

(Original  in  archives,  addressed  to  all  his  men  French  and  English,  notifying  that 
Trans!^4%.)  Baldwin  de  Charnelles  and  W[illiam]  his  son,  by  consent  of 
Ernald  de  Bosco,  have  given  the  abbey  of  Lire,  and  the 
brethren  there  serving  God  ten  shillings  of  rent  for  ever  which 
they  enjoyed  from  the  privdU  of  Breteuil  {BritoUum),  and 
that  he,  at  the  request  of  all  three,  allows  it. 

His  testibus:  Roberto  et  Huberto  capellanis;  Willelmo  de 
Deva ;  Anschetillo  Malloret ;  Herveo  marescallo ;  Willelmo  de 
Chirai ;  Gauq[ue]UnoBucherel. 


137 


MISCELLANEOUS    DOCUMENTS: 
EURE. 

[Original  Documents,  etc.  in  Archives  of  the  Department  and 

elsewhere.] 


1130.  411.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Cartulary  of  the    Rouen  aud  generally  for  Normandy.     I[e  gives  and  grants  to 

Dl°2to!fua^W^eJthe  priory  (ecclesie)  of  St.  Mary  de  Deserto,  for  the  remission 

H.  165.  to.  5d.)  '  of  his  sins,  and  for  the  weal  of  the  souls,  etc all 

its  privileges  and  possessions  [specified.] 

Testibus :  Johanue  episcopo  Lexoviensi ;  Audino  episcopo 
Ebroicensi,  et  Roberto  comite  Gloecestrie,  et  Guillelmo  comite 
Warenn^],  et  Roberto  comite  Legrestrie,  et  comite  de  Pont[ivo] 
Guillelmo ;  Roberto  de  Wer,  et  Roberto  de  Vura  (sic) ;  et 
Roberto  de  Haya,  et  Hugone  Bigoto,  et  Hugone  de  Gurn[aio],  et 
Guillelmo  filio  Od[onis],  et  Johanne  Marescallo.  Apud  Rothoma- 
gura  anno  incamatione  Domini  millesimo  centesimo  tricesinio. 

"1061,"!  412.  Gift  to  the  abbey  of  Bernay  of  the  church  of  Bolbec 

5  June.         by  Roger  Porchet,  Hugh  de  Bolbec,  Walter  Fifland,  William 

(QuaBi-original  in    Duncins,  and  Adam  de  Raphetot,  who  held  it  in  shares,  with 

archives,  H.  123.)  ^^^  ^.j^j^^  ^j  ^j^g  profits  from  the  mills  and  sheepwalks  of  Bolbec. 

The  gift  is  confirmed  by  Richard  Fiesnel  and  Walter  Giffard. 
Acta  et   recitata   atque   concessa   ante  serenissimum  regem 

Willelmum  anno  ab  incamatione  Domini  millesimo  sexagesimo 

primo,   apud  lUebonam   in    concilio   tercia   feria  sollemnitatis 

Pentecostes.     Testibus  :    Willelmo   Rotomagensi  archiepiscopo  ; 

Odone     Baiocensi    episcopo ;     Hugone    Lexoviensi    episcopo ; 

Michaele  Abrincensi  episcopo ;  Gisleberto  Ebroicensi  episcopo ; 

Willelmo  de  Britolio ;  Rogero  de  Montegomeri ;  Rogero  de  Bello 

Monte;  Roberto  et  Henrico  filiis  suis;  Radulfo  de  Chunchis ; 

Hugone   de   Monteforti ;   Walterio  Gifardo ;   Rogerio    Bigoth ; 

Nigello  vicecomite  de  Constantino ;  Willelmo  Berthramno. 

[1156-1157.]       413.  Charter  of  Henry  II,  addressed  generally.     He  grants 
(Fidimzwof  1378  in  to  St.  Mary  of  Bernay,  and  the  monks  there  serving  God,  all 

^""^e  ^  jj' m*^'  ^^^  *^®y  ^®^*^  ^^  *^®  *™®  °^  ^^^S  Henry  his  grandfather,  and 

^No.  84.)  '     that  they  have  acquired  since,  etc In  England  the 

manor  called  Gratingis,  and  another  called  Ebredona,  and  in 
Worcestershire  ( Wigornensi  terra)  the  land  called  Mora ;  the 
priory  of  Eye  with  all  its  appurtenances  and  all  that  Galeran 
count  of  Meulan  (Mellent)  and  Robert  lord  of  Breteuil  (BritoUi) 
and  Gachelin  de  Ferrariis,  or  others,  hold  of  it.  And  five  acres 
of  land  and  vineyard  at  Toesni  (Toneyum),  etc.     . 

>  See  Preface. 


138  MISCELLANEOUS  DOCUMENTS  j 

[1156-1157.] 

Testibus  :  Philippo  episcopo  Baiocensi ;  Thoma  canc[cllario]^; 
Roberto  de  Novo  Burgo ;  Ricardo  de  Hum[eto]^  constabulario  ; 
Ricardo  de  Luci  ;  Manass[ero]  Biset  dapifero ;  Ricardo  de 
Oanvilla;  Willelmo  filio  Johannis ;  Nigello  de  Broc.  A'pud 
Argentan  (sic). 

[N.  D.]  414.  Notification  that  when  the  king  had  imposed  his  taille 

(Cartulary  of  chapter  for  the  fortification  of  the  town  [of  Evreux],the  burgesses  wished 
rJ^IhiTCs'fo.  1900  *°  ^°^^  ^^^^  themselves,  in  its  payment,  the  bishop's  men,  etc., 
because  formerly,  in  time  of  war,  when  king  Richard  was  held 
captive  in  Germany,  and  there  was  neither  bishop  nor  count 
of  Evreux,  the  men  of  the  town  in  common,  combining  with 
the  men  of  neighbouring  towns  (villis)  made  a  commune 
(communia),  and,  for  their  defence,  fortified  (clauserunt)  the 
town  in  common,  etc, 

[Temp.  Hen.  IL]  415.  Charter  of  Henry  de  Monteforti.  He  gives  to  the 
(Original  in  archivee,  abbey  (ecclesio)  of  Castellion  and  the  monks  there  serving  God 
T  ^  ^482  "i  *^®  ^^^^  °^  Henlea,  with  the  dwelling  (TnansuTn)  before  the 
mill  to  the  west  and  with  the  acre  of  land  adioiding  the  mill 
to  the  east  between  the  land  of  John  de  Preston  and  the  bank 
(rivus)  which  comes  from  Lineroft,  by  which  they  shall  take 
turves,  when  they  will,  to  improve  the  mill  without  blocking  the 
road  there  and  without  hindrance  of  the  men  of  Henlea,  with 
all  appurtenances  of  the  said  mill,  in  waters,  in  pools,  etc.  free 
from  all  damage  by  himself  or  anyone  else,  as  freely  as  he 
himself  had  held  it  in  demesne.  This  grant,  which  is  made  for 
the  weal  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his  father  Turstin  and  his 
mother  Juliana  and  all  his  friends  and  relatives  (parentes),  he 
and  his  heirs  will  warrant  for  ever. 

His  testibus  :  Roberto  de  Oifard',  et  Roberto  filio  ejus  ;  Bricio 
capellano ;  Rogero  de  Hulehale,  et  Willelmo  fratre  ejus ;  Reinbaldo 
de  Cherlecote ;  Roberto  filio  Nicholai;  Johanne  de  Prestone; 
Henrico  de  Muntforte ;  Galtero  de  Beresford ;  Willelmo  filio 
Engenulfi ;  magistro  Anketillo  qui  banc  cartam  scripsit. 

(Original  in  archives,  416.  Tnspeximus  by  Hugh  Folioth,  bishop  of  Hereford, 
Tran;^339.»)  [1219-1234]  of  the  following  charter  of  Robert  Folioth,  bishop 
of  Hereford : — 
[1174-1186.]  Desiring  to  benefit  hisbeloved  brethren  the  abbot  and  monks 
of  St.  Peter  of  Castellion,  he  grants  and  confirms  to  them  the 
manor  of  Munkelen'  and  the  church  of  that  vill,  with  all  tithes 
and  other  offerings,  rightly  belonging  to  it,  saving  honourable 
sustenance  for  a  vicar.  He  also  confirms  to  them  all  the  tithes 
of  the  demesne  of  Chabbenour'  with  one  tenant  (hospes)  and  the 
tithe  of  the  land  which  that  tenant  holds  of  them,  and  the  tithe 
of  Hide  in  everything.  Also  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of  the 
demesne  of  Bromesberga,  both  in  small  and  great  tithes,  and 
two-thirds  of  that  of  Edithestoc'  with  one  tenant  (hospes)  and 

'  Register  :  "  Horn'  Cantore."  ^  Register :  "  de  dumme  constanoio." 

'  The  charter  of  bishop  Robert,  here  confirmed,  is  itself  preserved  in  the 
archives  of  Evreux. 


DEPAETMENT  OF  THE  EUEE.  139 


[1174-1186.] 

of  that  of  La  Hide,  and  of  that  of  William  de  Stolle,  and  two- 
thirds  of  the  tithe  of  Herbert  de  Espreton',  a.nd  one  burgage 
in  the  town  of  Hereford,  and  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of  the 
demesne  of  Alboldelega  and  two  tenants  (hospites)  there,  and 
two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of  the  demesne  of  the  Bur  {del  bur)  and 
of  the  demesne  of  Worvesleg',  and  the  land 'and  messuage  (man- 
sura)  which  belonged  to  Caure,  and  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of 
the  fee  of  Osbert  son  of  Ruald  and  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of 
the  demesne  of  Linde  with  one  tenant  (hospes).  He  confirms  to 
them  these  endowments  (elemosine)  which  they  hold  of  the 
gift  of  Ralf  de  Toenio  the  elder,  with  any  others  obtained  by 
them  in  the  see  of  Hereford,  saving  the  canonical  rights  of  his 
successors  and  the  dignity  of  the  church  of  Hereford. 

Hiis  testibus :  Willelmo  de  Stok[es]' ;  Willelmo  Folioth ; 
Waltero  de  Colewell ,  magistro  Nicholao  divino ;  Johanne 
canonico ;  Elur'  capellano ;  Bartholomeo  de  Eignesham  ;  Osberto 
de  Ledeb[iria]. 

[1184-9.]  417.  Charter  of  Eobert  earl  of  Leicester  (Leguere),  notifying 

(Original  in  archives,  that  of  his  piety  and  at  the  request  and  with  the  advice  of 
Trans.  453 )  their  lord  Walter  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  his  other  friends,  he 
gives  the  abbey  of  Fontaine  Guerard  {Fons  Girardi),  for  the 
.souls  of  his  father  and  mother  and  all  his  predecessors,  and  for 
his  own  and  that  of  his  wife  the  countess  PetroniUa  the  place 
called  Fonteinesgerart  etc.  etc. 

Testibus  his :  PetroniUa  comitissa  ;  Willelmo  Brustesaut ; 
magistro  Hugone ;  Eustachio  de  Herlenvilla  dapifero ;  Nicholao 
de  Gloz ;  Dog'  de  Holine ;  Gilleberto  de  Charneles,  et  Galtero 
et  Gaufrido,  et  Gilberto  capellanis ;  magistro  Willelmo  clerico  ; 
Thoma  de  Amundevilla ;  Rogero  Pilet ;  Godart ;  Willelmo  de 
Focarmont  et  multis  aliis. 

1203,  15  Feb.        418.   Charter  of  John  addressed  generally.     For  the  weal  of 
(Original  in  archives,  Jiig  soul  aud  those  of  his  predecessors  and  successors,  he  gives 

TT    1 QP  I  J.  .^  ^ 

Trans"  188")  ^^  alms  to  the  nuns  of  Fontaine  Guerard  (Fontes  Q-iraldi),  for 
the  building  of  their  abbey,  all  his  alder-grove  (alnetum)  of 
Moulineaux  (Molinelli)  with  all  its  appurtenances,  and  all  the 
land  in  it  which  belonged  to  Robert  May,  for  which  he  has 
given  his  heirs  an  equivalent  in  England,  etc.  etc. 

Testibus  :  B[aldwino]  comite  Albemarle ;  Willelmo  de  Braosa ; 
Roberto  de  Harecort ;  Hugone  de  Gurnay  ;  Stephano  de  Longo 
campo;  Guarino  de  Glapiun;  Petro  de  Stokes.  Datum  per 
manum  Hugonis  de  Well[e]  apud  Rothomagum,  xv.  die  Februarii 
anno  regni  nostri  quarto. 

[1175-1179.]         419.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Original  in  archives,  Rouen  and  his  lieges  of  Normandy.     He  confirms  to  the  abbey 

t"'  ^°94  ■)         °^  -"-"^^y  *^^  *^^*  Galeran  lord  of  Ivry  has  given  them,  namely 

™°''  the  church  and  tithes  of  Ivry,  and  all  his  rights  in  them  and 

the  tithe  of  wheat  (bladum)  in  his  forest  and  of  the  forest 

1  MS. :  "  Stokarum." 


140 


MISCELLANEOUS  DOOUMBNTS. 


[1175-1179.] 


itself.     The  abbey  and  its  monks  are  to  hold  this  as  the  charter 
of  Giles  bishop  of  Evreux  determines, 

Testibus  :  R[ogero]  Eboracensi  archiepiscopo ;  H[ugone]  Du- 
nelmensi  episcopo ;  W[illelmo]  comite  de  Albemara ;  Willelmo 
filio  Audelini  dapifero ;  Eeginaldo  de  Ourtunai ;  Thoma  Basset ; 
Ricardo  de  Aflfai ;  Willelmo  de  Stutevilla.  Apud  Westmonas- 
terium. 


[1175-1189.] 

(Cartiilaire 

de  Normandie 

in  Public  Library 

of  Kouen,  f  os.  2,  34. 

Trans.  134, 135.') 


420.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  has 
taken  the  monastery  of  Cormeilles,  in  the  diocese  of  Lisieux, 
under  his  protection,  as  of  his  own  alms,  and,  wishing  to  partake 
of  all  its  benefits,  he  has  granted  to  its  abbot  and  monks,  that 
they  may  hold,  undisturbed  by  his  officers,  everything  given 
them  by  its  founders  [Norman  endowments  specified],  with 
freedom,  throughout  the  fief  of  Breteuil  and  all  his  demesne, 
from  tallage,  toll  etc.,  on  everything  belonging  to  them  or  their 
dependants.  Moreover  they  are  to  hold  freely,  saving  only  the 
guard  of  five  knights  at  the  castle  of  Breteuil,  and  to  enjoy 
the  same  rights  and  liberties  as  were  enjoyed  by  the  earl  of 
Leicester,  lord  of  Breteuil,  their  chief  founder,  in  his  castle  of 
Breteuil,  saving  only  to  him  the  said  guard  of  five  knights, 
and,  to  the  king,  justice  on  incendiaries  and  on  assailants  of 
those  going  to  or  coming  from  his  court  and  arriere  ban 
and  aid  from  his  redemption  [from  captivity]  and  [justice  on] 
coiners. 

Testibus :  Stephano  de  Tur[onis]  senescallo  Andegavie ; 
Alberico^  de  Sancto  Martino ;  Gaufrido  filio  Petri ;  Eustachio 
filio  Petri*  (sic)  camerarii.     Apud  Rothomagum. 


'  Trans,  of  the  same  charter,  which  entered  twice  in  the  Cartulary  j  but  the  first 
has  no  witnesses,  and  a  less  perfect  text. 
'  Bectius :  "  Alveredo."  '  Rectius :  "  Stephani," 


141 


LOWER  NORMANDY. 

[Transcripts  in  D'Anisy's  "  Cartulaire  de  la  basse 
Normand^e."    3  volsJ] 


ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY 

OF  CAEN, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  NUNS, 

IN    THE 

DIOCESE    OP    BAYEiUX. 

[Original  Bocwments  in  Archives  of  the  Calvados.     Cartulary 
in  Bibliotheqae  NationaAe,  MS.  Lot.  5650.] 


1075.  421.  [Notification   that]   Adeliz  the   countess,  daughter  of 

(MS.  )at.,  fo.  I7rf.)  count  Kichard,  sister  of  count  Eobert  bought  from  her  brother 

Robert,  with  her  own  gold,  the  castle  in  the  Cotentin  called 

Hulme  etc.     .     .     .    which  she  eventually  granted  to  the  abbey 

of  the  Holy  Trinity  free  of  all  claim. 

Quod  totum  factum  est  anno  MLXXV.  incamationis  dondniee 
in  presentia  videlicet  Matildis  Anglorum  regine.  Te&te  {sic) 
Balduino  Gisleberti  comitis  filio;  Hugone  pincerna;  Hugone 
de  Sildevil ;  Guill^rmo  ejusdem  comitisse  capellano. 

1082.  422.  Charter  of  William  I.  and   Matildis  his  wife  giving 

(MS.  lat.,  fo  17.)  and  granting  to  the  abbey  (eccJeste)  of  the  Holy  Trinity  the 
following  manors,  with  their  appurtenances,  as  quit  as  they 
were  the  day  that  king  Edward  (MwardMs)  was  alive  and 
dead : — Feldestede  in  the  county  of  Essex  (Essessa),  Hantonia 
and   Penneberia   in   that    of  Glouecestra,  Tarent   in   that   of 

Dorseth,  etc 

Anno  ab  incarnatione  domini  mlxxxii.  Indictione  v.  .  .  . 
[Signa]  Willelmi  Anglorum  regis  ;  comitis  Roberti  Moritonii ; 
Lanfranci  archiepiscopi ;  Matildis  regine  ;  Roberti  comitis  filii 
regis ;  Gaufridi  episcopi  Constantieusis  ;  Willelmi  comitis  filu 
regis;  Walchelini  episcopi;  Henrici  filii  regis;  Willehni  de 
Braiosa;  Sfcigandi  episcopi;  Alani  comitis;  Willelmi  de 
Varenna  ;  Henrico  de  Ferieres  ;  Etwardi  vicecomitis  ;  Hugonis 


14^  ABBfeY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  CA:fiN. 

1082. 

de  Pertu   (sic) ;    Rogerii   Bigot ;    Hugonis  comitis  de  Cestra 
Rogerii  comitis  de  Montegomerii.^ 

[1087-1094.J  423.  Charter  of  Robert,  son  of  William  king  of  the  English, 
(MS.  lat.,  fo.  34.)  prince  of  the  Normans  and  the  Manceaux.  For  the  weal  of  his 
soul  and  those  of  his  father  and  mother  and  predecessors,  he 
gives,  v/ith  the  consent  (concessu)  of  his  brother  Henry,  to  the 
abbey  (ecclesie)  of  the  Holy  Trinity  of  Caen,  and  to  Cecily  his 
sister  and  the  nuns,  lands  of  his  right  [specified]  outside  the 
walls  of  Caen,  etc.     . 

Hujus  rei  fuerunt  testes  et  liberatores  :  Simon  de  Camilleio  ; 
Savericus  filius  Cane ;  Radulf us  capellanus  de  Airi ;  Rogerius 
Poignant;  Rogerius  Mala  corona  dispensator ;  Toraldus  hosti- 
arins ;  Pjx  parte  Henrici  filii  regis  aifuerunt ;  Rannulfus  filius 
Ulgerii ;  Odo  camerarius  ejusdem ;     .     .     .     . 

[Signa]  Roberti  comitis  ;  Henrici  regis  Willelmi  filii  ;  Radulfi 
capellani ;  Rogerii  de  Curcella ;  Gaufridi  de  Calmunt ;  Willelmi 
camerarii ;  Roberti  de  Montfort ;  Gualterii  de  Meduana ;  Hu- 
gonis Brittonis ;  Rogerii  dispensatoris ;  Roberti  Balduini  filii ; 
Ricardi  Patnel ;  Symonis  de  Ohimilleio ;  Saverici  filii  Cane. 

[1088-1099.]  424.  List  of  aggression  on  the  abbey's  possessions  after  king 
(MS.  lat.,  fo.  39d.)  William's  death  (finivif^.  Among  the  aggressors  are  William  the 
chamberlain,  son  of  Roger  de  Candos,  Richard  de  Corceio,  Nigel 
de  Oillei,  Robert  Pantolf,  Robert  de  Molbrai,  Eudo  the  vicomte, 
Rannulf  the  vicomte,  count  Henry  [i.e.,  son  of  king  William], 
who  took  toll  (pedagium)  of  Chetelhulmus  and  the  whole 
Cotentin  and  moreover  made  the  men  of  that  vill  and  district, 
belonging  to  Holy  Trinity,  work  at  the  castles  of  his  barons 
(hominum),  Hugh  de  Redeveris,  who  withheld,  yearly,  five 
mwids  of  wine  and  a  vineyard  at  Vernun,  William  Gernun 
who  felled  and  uprooted  timber  to  the  utmost  of  his  power,  etc. 

[1106.]  425.  Note  that  in  the  year  when  Henry  king  of  the  English 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  32.)  subdued  Normandy  to  himself,  Hawys  (Hadeguisa)  wife  of 
Robert  Marmion,  becoming  a  nun  in  the  abbey  of  Holy  Trinity, 
gave  to  it  and  the  sisters  certain  lands  [in  Normandy]  as 
Robert  Marmion  had  held  them  at  his  death,  with  consent  of 
her  sons,  Roger,  Helto,  and  Manasses,  who  joined  her  in  placing 
the  gift  on  the  altar. 

Testes  ejus  doni  a  parte  sua  :  Willelmus  Marmion  ;  Herluinus 
de  Fonteneio ;  Rogerius  de  Moeio ;  Godefridus  filius  Roberti ; 
Willelmus  de  Ulfieres ;  Robertus  Aculeus ;  Hamo  filius  Roberti 
de  Maisnil  Ursin;  Robertus  filius  Roberti  filii  Ernesii  et 
Gersenda  mater  ejus, 

[1113-1126.]         426.  Charter  of  Cecily,  daughter  of  the  king,  abbess  of  the 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  88.)   Holy  Trinity,  Caen,  granting  to  Erengot  the  miller  [permission] 

to  erect  a  mill  etc.  an  allowance  being  made  to  him  in  his  rent, 

to  be  reckoned  by  a.  tally  (ei  comfutahitur  in  suo  redditw  cum 

dica). 

1  It  -wiU  be  observed  that  the  Cartulary  scribe  has  placed  the  witnesses  in  wrong 
order. 


AbSSY  of  the  holy  I^RINITY,  CAEN.         US 


(Original[?]  iu         427.  Tnspeximus  by  Edward  II.  in  1304,  of  the  following : — 
archires.    Trans.  Vol.  III.  fo.  273.) 

[N.  D.]  Charter  of   Henry  I.   addressed  generally.      He  gives  the 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  37.)  abbey  of  the  Holy  Trinity  of  Caen  and  the  nuns  there  serving 
God  [certain]  manors  namely  Hantonia,  Avelinges,  Penebery 
in  Gloucestershire  (Olovxestra'),  and  Feldestede  and  the  tithe  of 
Tolosona,  eighteen  shillings  a  year,  which  William  de  Plaisseio 
gave  the  Holy  Trinity  of  Caen  for  his  niece  (nepte)  who  was 
made  a  nun  there,  in  Essex  (Essessa) ;  and  Horsted  in  Norfolk 
(Northfolk) ;  and  Tarenth  in  Dorseth ;  and  Tebovesia  in 
Wiltesira;  with  soch  and  sach,  thol  and  thiem,  and  infan- 
guentief,  and  with  all  dues  and  liberties  etc.,  with  which  his 
father  Wilham,  or  his  brother  William,  or  he  himself  held  them 
when  they  were  in  their  (nostra)  demesne.  If  anyone  should 
dare  to  filch  (surripere)  anything  [of  this],  he  shall  be 
anathema,  shall  lose  the  fellowship  of  the  orthodox  and  shall 
incur  the  wrath  of  Almighty  God. 

[11.53-1154.]  Charter  of  Stephen  addressed  to  the  bishop  of  London  and 
all  his  officers  of  Essex  (Essessie).  He  grants  to  the  Holy 
Trinity  of  Caen,  the  abbess,  and  nuns,  and  their  men  of  Felsted, 
in  alms  for  ever,  quittance  of  all  essarts  within  their  estate 
(teneTnentum)  at  Felsted  from  the  Michaelmas  next  after  the 
deaty  of  )iis  son  count  Eustace.  The  abbess,  therefore,  and  her 
men  of  Felsted  are  to  hold  all  these  essarts  in  peace  and  to  till 
them  in  freedom  from  the  forest  and  from  forfeiture  of  essarts. 

[1154-1170.]  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  his  officers  of  Essex.  The 
abbess  of  Caen  is  to  enjoy  her  [free]  warren  at  Felsted,  as 
she  enjoyed  it  in  the  time  of  king  Henry  his  grandfather  so 
that  no  one  may  hunt  (fuget)  there  or  take  the  hare  except  by 
[permission  of]  her  or  her  officers,  under  penalty  of  ten  pounds, 
Teste^  Willelmo  filio  Hamonis  apud  Westmonasterium. 

[N.  D.]  Writ   of   Henry  [II.  ?]  addressed   to  his   officers   of  Essex 

He  grants  to  the  land  of  the  Holy  Trinity  of  Caen  at  Felsted, 
soc  and  sac,  toll  and  team  and  infanguentheof  and  all  dues 
within  borough  and  without,  and  he  directs  that  the  whole 
land  and  its  men  be  quit  of  all  pleas  and  shire  [courts]  and 
hundred  [courts]  and  such  things,  and  shall  not  be  troubled 
therein  under  penalty  of  ten  pounds. 

Similar  writs  for  -Horsted  in  Norfolk,  and  for  Hantone, 
Avelinges,  and  Penbery  in  Gloucestershire. 

Charter  of  Richard  I.  confirming  the  gifts  of  his  predecessors 
kings  William  and  Henry.* 

[N.  D.]  428.  Particulars  of  the  stock  and  revenue  on  the  abbey's 

(MS.  lat,,         English  manors,  early,  apparently,  in  12th  century.     There  is 
fos.  26-29rf.)       mention    of   the  sokemen   being  bound   to  carry   the    ferm    to 
Winchester. 

»  August  1153.  '  Tiaus.  :  "  Testibus." 

'  The  rest  of  this  Inspe^imus  is  destroyed. 


144  AteBEt  OP  THE  HOL"t  TEINITY,  CAEN, 


[?  Temp.  Hen.  II.]  429.  Note  [apparently  addressed  to  the  abbess]  on  the 
(MS.  lat„  fo.  iod.,  destruction  of  the  abbey's  woods  [in  England].  The  men  of 
andfo.  50  [fuller].)  ^^g^jjjggg  Say  that  its  woods,  namely  Winverdingrung  and 
Hasalholt  and  Westgrava  and  Rattingedane  are  destroyed,  on 
their  oath,  to  the  value  of  60  marcs  over  and  above  the  tenants' 
rights  to  wood  for  their  houses  and  hearths ;  and  when  Symon 
took  over  (recepit)  the  vills,  1,000  swine  could  feed  in  them  at 
the  season  (paissun),  but  now  only  500.  The  men  of  Hantonia 
say,  on  their  oath,  that  the  destruction  amounts  to  60  marcs 
and  that  2,000  swine  could  then  be  fed,  but  now  not  1000. 
And  this  destruction  was  wrought  by  charcoal  burners  and 
by  sales. 

[Temp.  Hen.  II.]  430,  Detailed  inquest  on  the  manors  of  the  abbey  in  England, 
(MS.lat.,fos. 41-87.)  evidently  made  under  Henry  II.  The  full  list  of  jurors  is 
given  for  each  vill.  "  Francalani "  are  mentioned  at  Hantonia 
and  Panneberie,  and  those  "  qui  gabulant  libere  "  occasionally ; 
also  holders  of  "  cotseldes."  This  inquest  is  followed  by  one 
precisely  similar  for  the  Norman  manors,  the  list  of  jurors,  in 
Normandy  being  styled  "  Jurea  "  in  each  case. 

[1165-1177.]        431.  Notification  by  Fromund  abbot  of  Theokesbery  and  the 

(Original  iu  archives,  whole  convent  there  that  the  dispute  between  themselves  and 

MS.  lat.  fo  36d.    ^^^  abbey  (ecclesia)  of  the  Holy  Trinity  of  Caen  concerning  the 

fo!  257.)      '    church  of  Aveling[es]  has  been  thus  amicably  settled :  the  nuns 

of  the  Holy  Trinity  have  given  their  abbey  20  marks,  by  w  ay  of 

compromise  (nomine  transactionis),  to  induce  them  to  withdraw 

wholly  from  the  suit ;  and  they,  for  peace  and  harmony's  sake 

have  taken    20  raarcs,   in  chapter,  and  have  abandoned  and 

absolutely  quitclaimed  to  Holy  Trinity  any  right  they  had  in 

the  church  of  Aveling[es]  or  its  appurtenances.     There  were 

present,    at   this   compromise    (transactioni),  by  command   of 

Roger  bishop  of  Worcester,  Eaif  prior  of  Worcester,  who  was 

then  acting  for  the  bishop  in  ecclesiastical  business,  and  Matthew 

archdeacon  of  Gloucester,^  as  is  proved  by  the  witness  of  their 

seals  appendant. 

Testibus :  Baldrico  decano  de  Saptone ;  Rogero  de  Wicha ; 
Rand[ulfus  de  Aveling[es] ;  Salomo[ne]  presbitero ;  Willelmo 
capellano  Theokesb[erie] ;  magistro  Silvestro ;  Ricardo  et  Thoma 
de  Bislege ;  Ricardo  de  Hantone ;  Hugone  de  Teteberia ; 
Waltero  de  Stanlega ;  Philippe  de  Grenbamstude  ;  Willelmo  et 
Abrahamo  clericis  ;  Willelmo  de  Felsted ;  Harduino  de  Bislega ; 
[Willelmo  Helinant ;  Jordano  de  Neilesw'nda^ ;]  Henrico  de 
Hantone  ;  Ricardo  monacho  ;  Willelmo  de  Mortune ;  Warino  de 
Saleberia. 

[1174,  20  Jan.]      432.  Agreement  between  Joan  abbess  of  Caen  and  Robert  son 
(MS.  lat.,  fo.  14)    of  Richard  de  Scrotonia. 

Talis   fuit    finis    inter    Johannam    abbatissam    Cadomi    et 
Robertum  filiam  Ricardi  de  Scrotonia  in  curia   domini   regis 

'  a,  1177.  "   Omitted  in  Transcript. 


ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TEINITY,  CAEN.         145 


[1174] 


Henrici  filii  Matildis  imperatricis  apud  Cadomum  in  plenaria 
asaisa  coram  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  tunc  temporis  senescallo 
Normannie,  et  Roberto  comite  Mellensi,  et  Henrico  episcopo 
Baiocensi,  et  Henrico  abbate  Fiscannensi,  et  Petro  abbate  Cadomi, 
et  Godef  rido  abbate  Sancti  Severi ;  Rogero  de  Arreio ;  Henrico 
de  Novo  burgo ;  comite  Augi ;  Johanne  de  Solinneio  ;  Waque- 
lino  de  Ferrariis ;  Hugone  de  Gorn[ai] ;  Ricardo  de  Belfou  ; 
Enger[rano]  Patric ;  Willelmo  camerario  Tancarville ;  Bertran[no] 
de  Verdon ;  Radulfo  Taixun ;  Henrico  de  Tilleio ;  Willelmo 
Pingui ;  Walterio  de  Brionia ;  Gaufrido  Fiquet ;  Jordane  (sic) 
de  Landa ;  Roberto  de  Curleio ;  Roberto  de  Liveto ;  Ricardo 
Gifardi ;  Albino  de  Vira  ;  Reginaldo  de  Doit ;  Gaufrido  Dure- 
dent ;  Herberto  filio  Bernard ;  Paride  clerico ;  Radulfo  de 
Warlanomonte  ;  Radulfo  vicecomite ;  Ranulfo  de  Pratariis ; 
Doone  Bardulfo ;  Willelmo  de  Manerio  ;  Roberto  de  Manerio ; 
Ranulfo  de  Grandivalle ;  Radulfo  de  Glincbamp ;  Willelmo 
Silvani ;  Radulfo  de  Breseio  ;  Thoma  de  Botemonte  ;  Roberto 
de  Lunviler;  Hugone  Buschardi;  Ricardo  de  Argentiis; 
Roberto  de  Capella ;  Hugone  de  Liveto ;  Alano  de  Putot ; 
Philippo  [Willelmo  de  Merula ;  Roberto  de  Briecuria ;  Hamone 
pincerna ;  Ricardo  BeureP ;]  de  Croleio ;  Phillipo  Suhardi ; 
Ricardo  de  Graeio ;  Radulfo  de  Carun ;  Oinan  de  Carun ; 
Thoma  portitore  ;  Henrico  Lupello  ;  Willelmo  Escorcheville ; 
Gaufrido  de  Boesvill ;  Roberto  de  Lu ;  Roberto  Belet ;  Will- 
elmo Belet ;  Willelmo  de  Salviz ;  Radulfo  Abbate ;  Maugerio 
Feruu  ;  Benedicto  de  Loches  ;  Johanne  Britone;  Artrao  et 
Willelmo  fratre  ejus  sacerdotibus  ;  Johanne  de  Grantia,  Osberto 
sacerdotibus ;  Radulfo  de  Hospicio ;  Michaele  filio  Gar[ini] ; 
Ranulfo  nepote  Nigelll ;    Gisleberto   de   Foro,   et  multis   aliis 

et  hoc  factum  f  uit  ad  octavas  Sancti  Hylarii  apud 

Cadomum  anno  ab  incarnation e  Domini  mclxxiii.  quo  tenuit  rex 
curiam  suam  ibidem  ad  Natale  cum  duce  Saxonie.  Et  ibi 
adfuerunt  Ricardus  filius  Henrici ;  Rogerus  filius  Landrici ; 
Martinus  de  Hosa ;  Johannes  filius  Luce. 

[1163-1188.]       433.  Charter  of  Gilbert  bishop  of  London  addressed  generally. 
"(Boll  in  private    Recognising  the  ancient  right,  from  the  time  of  his  predecessors 
Trans' Vof  III     °^  ^^®  daughters  the  nuns  of  the  Holy  Trinity,  Caen  to  the 
fo.  205.)        church  of  Felsted,  he   confirms  it  to  them  Vfith  all  its  appur- 
tenances, and  grants  that  they  may  apply  the  property  of  that 
church  to  their  own  uses,  saving  in  all  things  the  rights  of  the 
church  of  London,  and  the  service  of  two  chaplains,  who  are 
to  serve  that  church  yearly  at  the  cost  (?)^  of  the  abbess  and 
convent. 

Hiis  testibus:  Roberto  Folet,  Radulfo  de  Chilton[e],  Gille- 
berto  Banastre,  canonicis  ;  Roberto,  Waltero,  Davide  capellanis ; 
magistro  Waltero  de  Witteneia  ;  Johanne  de  Witeng';  Johanne 
Storcestr[e] ;  Radulfo  de  Warlemunt;  Willelmo  de  Folested; 
Baldewino  ;  Gaudefrido  parvo,  et  multis  aliis. 

'  These  names  irithin  brackets  are  wrongly  thus  inserted  in  Cartulary. 
'  Trans,  i  "justam." 
e    92684.  K 


146  ABBEV  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  CAEN. 


[1163-1188.]        434.  Charter  of  Richard  (?)^  Foliot,  archdeacon,  addressed  to 

(Roll  in  private    the   dean  of  Maldon  (Meldensi  decano)  and  the   chapter  of 

_,     ^^^-  Donemawe.     lu  accordance   with  the  act  of  their  worshipful 

T.'208.)     ■    father  Gilbert  Foliot  bishop  of  London,  who  has  confirmed  to 

the  abbey  and  the  nuns  of  Holy  Trmity,  Caen,  the  church  of 

Felsted  with  all  its  appurtenances,  as  he  has  ascertained  from 

his  charter,  he  confirms  it  by  his  own  authority. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Roberto  decano ;  Johanne  de  Marniiun ;  Ricardo 
persona  de  Beverstona ;  Davide  capellano ;  Savarino  de  Estre, 
Symone  de  Cistan',^  Roberto  de  Felested,  capellanis  ;  Baldewino 
de  Felested,  Willelmo  de  Warlemont,  militibus;  Willelmo  de 
Avelinges ;  Rogero  de  Gi'nes  ;  Le  Briton'^ ;  Roberto  filio  Briteve ; 
Willelmo  London[iensi] ;  Willelmo  et  Baudewino  de  Offinton', 
et  magistro  Petro  qui  hanc  cartam  scripsit,  et  multis  aliis. 

[1170-1187.]        435.  Charter  of  Thomas  Bardul,  giving  the  abbey  of  the  Holy 
(Original  in  archives.  Trinity  of  Caen  30  shillings  sterling  of  annual  rent,  in  England, 

'^'^T^'zon  ^^^'    ^^°^  t'^''^]  ^^^  ^^^^  °*  Elwadeston[e]  on»the  Derwent  with  his 
"■  daughter  Mathildis,  made  a  nun  there  by  consent  of  his  wife 

Rohais,  mother  of  Mathildis,  of  whose  inheritance  was  the  mill, 
because  the  said  Rohais  so  directed  (precepit)*  in  her  life,  that 
the  aforesaid  rent  should  be  given  to  her  daughter  Mathildis  to 
establish  her  in  a  religious  order  (consulendam  in  rehgione). 
His  daughter  is  to  have  15  shillings  of  it  yearly  for  her  life, 
and,  after  her  death,  the  whole  sum  is  to  be  the  property  of  the 

abbey  etc And  if  by  chance  there  sliould  escheat 

to  him  in  Normandy  anything  near  the  abbey,  he  or  his  heir  will 
give  it  an  equivalent  in  Angevin  money  to  the  value  of  the 
sterling  money,  the  abbey  giving  up  to  him  or  his  heir  this 
charter  and  receiving  a  new  one  for  the  [projperty  given  in] 
exchange  :  and  his  English  property  shall  remain  the  right  of 
him  and  his  heirs  when  the  abbey  has  received  such  exchange 
in  Normandy. 

Testibus  his :  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  tunc  senescallo  Normannie ; 
Henrico  filio  Radulfi  ;  Ricardo  [de]  Cardif  ;  Eudone  de  Fonteneis, 
et  Rogero  de  Landa ;  Rogero  de  Arry  ;  Radulfo  de  Wallemont ; 
Panide  clerico ;  Willelmo  de  Caluz ;  Jordano  de  Oreendon ; 
Balduino  de  Toeny ;  Roberto  le  neveu ;  'W^illelmo  de  Longa- 
villa ;  Osberto  capellano ;  Ansquetillo  clerico ;  Willelmo  clerico 
de  Argentomo  cum  multis  aliis. 

[1174-1188.]        436.  Charter  of  William  de  Felstede  addressed  to  all  sons 

,  (Original  in  archives,  of  the  church,  and  especially  to  all  his  friends  of  Gloucester 

Trans.  Y.'''- ^^^-     [shire]  and  Dorset.     He  gives  to  Geofirey  de  Veim,  chamberlain 

of  his  worshipful  father  and  lord,  Richard  bishop  of  Winchester, 

the  land  of  Pendebery  with  all  its  appurtenances,  for  his  service, 


'  Trans.  :  "  G."  Kichard  Foliot  was  archdeacon  of  Colchester  in  the  time  of 
bishop  Gilbert.  But  Dunmow  and  Felsted  were  in  the  archdeaconry  of  Middlesex. 
If  the  transcriber's  Meldens'  is  a  misreading  for  Middlesex  (Maldon  being  far 
away),  the  party  might  be  "Gibert"  archdeacon  of  Middlesex,  who  is  said  to 
appear  In  1188,  but  whose  sumamo  is  not  given. 

»  Kectius  :  "Eistan[es]."  'Sic.  ■•  Trans. :"  Percepit." 


ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  CAEN.  147 


[1174-1188.] 

to.  be  held  of  himself  and  his  heirs  by  him  and  his  heirs,  at 
forty  shillings  a  year  for  all  service,  half  at  Easter,  and  half  at 

Michaelmas,  etc And  for  this  agreement  Geoffrey 

has  given  him  a  besant  (bizantinum). 

Testibus  hiis :  Ricardo  Wintoniensi  episcopo ;  Herberto^ 
Cantuariensi  archidiacono ;  Philippo  priore  Oxon[ie]^ ;  Alano  de 
Furnellis;  Gaufrido  de  Caritate;  Petro  Turlac;  Hugone  de 
Vado ;  Willelmo  Daneys ;  Willelmo  de  Monte  acuto ;  Johanne 
de  Valle ;  WUlelmo  Revel ;  Willelmo  de  Bosco ;  Alano  de 
Witehano;  Philippo  de  Furn[ellis]^;  Benedicto  nepote  et 
Thoma ;  Willelmo  filio  Ivoni[s] ;  Pictavino  Bruno  ;  Thoma  de 
Sancto  Michaele ;  Thoma  de  Bruesham ;  Thoma  de  Veim ; 
Adamo  de  Broc ;  Jordano  de  Camera ;  Symone  Cadel ;  Osberto 
scriptore. 

1183.  437.  Notification  that  Joan  abbess  of  the   Holy  Trinity  of 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  87.)  Caen,  in  the  year  1183,  proved  her  right  (disraisnavit)  to  a 
house  in  the  king's  court,  in  full  assise  (plenaria  assisa) 
before  William  son  of  Ralf,  then  seneschal  of  the  king  in 
Normandy,  and  William  de  Sancto  Johanne,  Ralf  Tesson, 
Henry  de  Tilleio,  William  de  Mara,  Hamo  the  butler, 
Ranulf  de.  Praeriis,  Ralf  the  vicomte,  Henry  Lovet,  Geoffrey 
Duredent,  Jordan  de  Landa,  Robert  de  Livet,  Robert  de  CuUeio, 
Richard  son  of  H[enry],  Robert  de  Manerio,  William  de  Caluz, 
Robert  Belet,  Roger  de  Arreio,  Thomas  de  Botemont  and  many 
others. 

1185.*  438.  [Notification  that]  Ralf  son  of  Eudo  brought  a  writ  of 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  87cf.)  the  king  to  the  assise  at  Caen  [addressed]  to  William  son  of 
Ralf,  then  seneschal  of  Normandy  and  to  the  other  justices 
{jiisticias)  then  holding  assise  (assisas),  by  vi'hich  writ  the  king 
directed  them  to  ascertain  (facerent  recognosci),  by  lawful  men, 
who  presented  the  last  parson  (personam)  deceased*  to  (in)  the 
church  of  Karpik[eit],  concerning  which  there  was  a  di.spute 
between  the  abbess  of  Caen  and  Ralf  son  of  Eudo.  The  abbess 
said  that  the  abbey  of  Holy  Trinity  had  held  the  church  (earn) 
since  its  foundation  by  gift  of  king  William  and  queen  Mathildis, 
and  that  it  was  confirmed  to  the  abbey  by  charters  of  king 
William  and  of  king  Henry  son  of  the  Empress.  On  this  the 
barons  of  the  exchequer,  William  son  of  Ralf  and  the  other 
justices  (justicie)  of  the  king  determined  at  the  exchequer 
(consideraverunt  super  scaccarium)  that  that  enquiry  (recog- 
nicio)  ought  not  to  take  place  nor  ought  the  abbess  to  plead 
concerning  that  church,  which  was  confirmed  to  the  abbey  by 
the  lords  of  Normandy.  And  thus  the  abbey  was  quit  of  Ralf's 
claim  to  that  church  by  judgment  of  the  barons  of  the  exchequer, 
at  the  exchequer  (super  scaccarium)  before  William  son  of 
Ralf,  William  de  Mara,  Hamo  the  butler,  Robert  de  Harecort, 


1  Trans.:  "Derterto."  '  Succeeded  in  or  before  1180. 

'  Trans. ;  "  Furno."  *  So  headed  in  MS.  lat. 

«  i.e.,  a  -writ  of  Darrein  Presentment. 

K  2 


148  f  '  abb:^y  oe*  the  holt?  trinity,  CAE]sr. 

]  185. 

John  archdeacon  de  Arenis,  Robert  archdeacon  of  Noting[ham], 
Richard  Bevrel,  William  de  Caluz,  Jordan  de  Landa,  Roger  de 
Arreio,  Ansquitill,  Osbert  the  chaplain,  Ralf  de  Lexovio,  Robert 
de  Bernaio,  Seher  de  Quinceio,  Ralf  Tesson,  Gilbert  de  Telleriis, 
Ralf  de  Wall[e]niont,  Peter  de  Argentomo,  Nicholas  Pigace, 
John  Pigace,  Rohard  and  Artur  serjeantsf,  Geoffrey  de  Rapen- 
dona,  Robert  Lacaille  and  many  others,  and  Ralf  the  scribe  of 
Caen,  and  master  Martin  de  Ginyilla,  [and]  master  Geoffrey  de 
Haia. 

[1180-1187.]  439.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  grants 
roriglnal  m  archives,  to  the  abbey  (ecalesia)  of  the  Holy  Trinity  of  Caen  and  the 
"^"^^fo  195 )  '  ^^^^  there  serving  God,  the  following  gifts  made  to  them  by 
his  predecessors  and  others.  Of  the  gift  of  his  great-grand- 
father king  William  and  his  wife  queen  Mathildis  [lands  in 
Normandy]  ....  and  in  the  island  of  Gersoi  a  mill  and 
half  the  tithe  of  five  parishes  and  the  sixth  [tithe]  sheaf  from  a 
parish  and  a  half,  and  the  land  and  tithes  which  Reginald  the 
chaplain  of  king  William  held  in  that  island  ....  Of  the 
gift  of  Adelaidis  daughter  of  Tustin  Haldup,  half  the  vill  of 

Carpiquet  with  a  moiety  of  its  tithe  and  church  etc 

Of  the  gift  of  Stigand,  the  churches  of  Falaise  with  the  tithes 
and  the  church  of  Wibrai  and  a  mill  there.  Of  the  gift  of 
Alvred  de  Mouin  the  land  which  belonged  to  Aala  his  sister  at 
Ranvilla  except  the  fee  that  St.  Leger  of  Pr6aux  has  there.  Of 
the  gift  of  Fredesend  aunt  (amita)  of  Ranulf  the  vicomte, 
Osbertivilla ;  of  his  own,  a  mill  in  the  town  of  Caen,  and  the 
land  of  two  free  men  in  Goisbertivilla.  Of  that  of  Baldwin,  son 
of  count  Gilbert,  and  Emma  his  wife,  the  churches  of  Foresta 

with  the  tithes  and  200  acres  of  land  there Of  that 

of  Roger  de,Monb[rai]  the  land  he  held  in  Grain  villa  .... 
Of  that  of  Fulc  de  Alnou,  Follebec  with  the  mill  and  all  its 
appurtenances.     Of  that  of  Ascelina  daughter  of  Alvred  Gigant 

her  land  at  Grandchamp  and  Joeio Of  that   of 

Gonnor  mother  of  William  de  Breosa  her  land  at  Bavent 
Rouvres,  Ciemeium,  Oraissanvilla,  and  Quatrepuis  .... 
Of  that  of  William  de  Warenna,  the  service  of  the  land  which 
belonged  to  Doriel  in  Anisey  and  Barberie  and  Villum. 
Of  that  of  Odo  bishop  of  Bayeux,  and  by  his  grant,  all 
privileges  and  quittances  granted  by  him  to  the  abbey  and  the 
church  of  St.  Giles,  and  the  abbess  and  nuns,  and  their  clerks 
and  servants,  as  recorded  in  king  William's  charter.  Of  the 
gift  of  Haudwise,  wife  of  Robert  Marmion,  at  St.  George  and 
Jurkis,  and  the  mill  of  La  Boiste  and  Le  Parkiet ;  of  that  of 
Richard  de  RoUos  a  muid  of  wheat  at  Rosel ;  of  that  of  Robert 
de  Matonio  20  sestiers  of  grain  yearly;  of  that  of  Turold 
Papeillun  the  tithe  of  his  men  at  Ambleia ;  of  that  of  Hugh  de 
(sic)  Meurdrac  and  his  wife,  the  tithe  they  had  at  Trayli,  so 
that  for  that  tithe  they  should  give  the  nuns  20  shillings  a  year 
at  the  fair  (nundinis)  of  Montmartin ;  of  that  of  Hugh  de 

Bruecuria,  10  acres  of  land  and  a  tithe  at  Graia,  etc 

Of  that  of  king  William  and  queen  Mathildis,  the  bov/rg  of 


ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  CAEN.  149 


[1180-1187.] 


Quettehou  (Kathehulmus),v/iih  its  appurtenances,  and  messuages 
at  Rouen  and  Barfleur  ....  Of  that  of  Fulcold,  the  queen's 
chamberlain,  the  land  and  houses  he  had  at  Caen  and  Cambio. 
...  Of  that  of  William  of  Flanders,  the  queen's  chamberlain, 
60  acres  of  land  at  Advilla  ....  Of  that  of  Thomas  Bardul 
30  shillings  sterling  from  his  mill  of  Erwadeston  on  the  Derwent ; 
of  that  of  king  William  I.  and  king  Henry  I.  the  manors,  in 
England,  of   Hantone,  and   Avelingues,   and   Penneberia,   and 

Felesteld  and  Horsteld,  and  Darent,  and  Teolvesia,  etc 

He  also  confirms  the  agreement  (conventio  et  finis)  made  between 
the  monks  of  St.  Stephen's  and  the  nuns  of  Holy  Trinity, 
by  king  William's  consent,  concerning  the  dispute  as  to  their 
holdings,  according  to  that  king's  charter  in  the  nuns'  posses- 
sion, etc. 

Testibus :  Henrico  Baiocensi  episcopo ;  Willelmo  de  Humeto 
constabulario ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie ; 
Hugone  de  Cressy ;  Alveredo  de  Sancto  Martino  ;  Roberto  de 
Bruecuria ;  Ricardo  de  Canvilla^ ;  Gilleberto  filio  Rainf redi. 
Apud  Cadomum. 

Half  of  seal  remaining  on  fine  plaited  tag  of  parti-coloured  silks. 

1189,  7  Sept.        440.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  repeating  and  confirming  above 
(Original  in  archives,  charter  of  Henry  II. 

^"^^fo" 20°^')^^'^  Testibus:  Waltero  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  Henrico 
episcopo  Baiocensi;  Johanne  episcopo  Ebroicensi ;  R[eginaldo] 
Bathonensi,  et  Hugone  Coventr[ensi],  episcopis  ;  Willelmo  de 
Magnavilla  comite  de  Essex.  Data  per  manum  Willelmi  de 
Longocampo  cancellarii  nostri  die  vij.  Septembris  anni  primi 
coronationis  nostra,  apud  Sanctum  Albanum, 
Half  of  seal  remaining  on  plaited  tag  of  Prussian-blue  silk. 

1190,  28  May.  441.  Confirmation  by  Clement  III.  to  his  dear  daughters  in 
(Roll  in  private  Christ  the  abbcss  and  convent  of  the  Holy  Trinity  of  Caen,  of 
Tran^'s*  Voi.  HI.    ^^^  cliurch  of  Felstede,  etc. 

fo.  208.)  Datum  Laterani^  V»  kalendas  Junii  pontificatus  nostri  anno 

tertio. 

1190,  25  Jan.        442.  Letter  from  Hugh,  bishop  of  Coventry  to  the  justi- 

(Cartuiary  of  Holy  ciaries  of  the  king  and  the  barons  of  the  Exchequer,  informing 

Trinity^  *1°tit  '     them  that  a  final  concord  has  been  made,  in  the  king's  court, 

fo.  202.)         before  him,  and  WiUiam  bishop  of  Ely  and  [Hugh]  bishop  of 

Durham  and  other  justices  between  Johanna  abbess  of  Caen 

and  William  de  Felsted,  concerning  all  that  William  held  of  the 

abbey  of  Holy  Trinity,  Caen,  the  said  WiUiam  quitclaiming  it 

all  and  restoring  it  to  the  abbey,  except   his  patrimony   at 

Felsted,  in  accordance  with  the  charters  of  Dametta  the  abbess 

and  the  convent ;  and  William  has  handed  over  all  the  charters 

of  the  said  property,  and  pledged  his  faith  in  the  bishop's  hand, 

that  neither  in  person,  nor  by  other,  will  he  ever  raise  any  claim 

against  the  said  abbey  or  the  convent  for  that  property ;  and 


1  Trans. :  «  Cauvjlla."        '  Trans. :  '<  Laterano."  '  Now  in  arcliives, 


150  ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  CAEN. 

1190. 

the  abbess  has  given  William  100  marcs  of  silver  for  this  concord  ; 
and  a  cyrograph  of  it  has  been  made  and  [confirmed]  by  both 
parties  before  himself  at  the  Exchequer,  at  Westminster,  in  tlie 
first  year  of  king  Eichard,  the  25th  day  of  January. 

1190,  25  Jan.        443.  Similar  letter  from  Hugh  bishop  of  Durham. 

(Original  iii  archives.     Trans.  Vol.  III.  fo.  203.) 

1192,1  23  Oct.  444.  Final  concord,  made  in  the  king's  court  at  Westminster, 
^^mpeximus  in  the  Saturday  after  St  Luke  in  the  fourth  year  of  king  Eichard, 
Trans.  Vol.  111°°^®^"^^®  Walter,  archbishop  of  Eouen,^  and  Eoger  son  of  Eainfred 
fo.  202.)  and  Eobert  de  Wittefeld,"  and  Osbert  son  of  Hervey,  and 
Symon  de  Patteshill,*  and  master  Thomas  de  Husseburne^  and 
Hugh  de  Cha,ucombe,^  justices  of  the  said  king  and  other  lieges 
of  the  king,  between  Johanna  the  abbess  and  the  convent  of  the 
Holy  Trinity  of  Caen  and  William  son  of  Symon  de  Felsted  ; 
for  all  the  lands  of  the  abbess  in  England  that  William  held 
at  ferm  of  the  said  abbess  and  convent,  namely  Hanton',  and 
Aveling',  and  Lomcestr',  and  Esto'm,  and  Penthebery,  and  the 
meadow  of  Pilesmore,  and  Tydelford,  and  Horsted  and  Felsted 
with  all  their  appurtenances  for  which  there  had  been  a  plea 
between  them  in  the  king's  court.  William  restores  and  quit- 
claims, for  himself  and  his  heirs,  to  the  abbess  and  convent  and 
their  successors  for  ever  all  the  above  lands  with  all  their 
appurtenances  saving  the  tenement  which  he  claims  to  hold 
of  Walter  de  Langeford  and  his  holding  in  Felsted  and  in 
Salingues,  which  remains  to  William  and  his  heirs  to  be  held  of 
the  abbeis  and  convent  in  inheritance,  namely  the  messuage 
(masTKigium)  of  William  with  its  appurtenances  and  with  the 
old  way  before  his  door  and  the  field  next  his  garden,  and  the 
fields  which  belonged  to  Ealf  the  smith,  and  the  moor  (mora) 
adjoining  the  moor  of  Osbert  son  of  Valerand,  and  that  which 
Archer  (Archerius)  holds  of  William,  and  the  meadow  which 
Eobert  son  of  Segar  holds  of  him,  and  the  land  which  Sperling 
holds  of  him  next  Severneloia  and  an  acre  on  the  other  part  of 
the  road,  and  Bubroc,  and  Polestroc  and  Edithelphed  and  the 
field  before  the  door  of  William  Hervey  with  the  tenement  of 
Symon  the  turner,  and  the  field  behind  the  house  of  Alan  the 
clothier  (Telarii),  with  his  tenement  and  those  of  Eobert  the 
parmenter  and  Wekard  son  of  SafFred  and  John  Blunt  (Blondi) 
and  Sewin  the  turner  and  Eobert  son  of  Warin  and  Ailwin 
son  of  Goderic  and  Leman  son  of  Bricopicius  and  Helyas 
the  butcher  and  Sigar  son  of  Godric  and  Eobert  son  of 
Hervey,  and  William's  field  next  BlacheboUocheia,  and  the 
tenement  which  belonged  to  Ebdoyn  Newman  (novi  hominis) 
and  formerly  to  Geoffrey,  and  on  the  other  side  of  BlacheboUo- 
cheia the  tenement  of  Eobert  Gruierii  and  that  of  Symon  de 

1  "1194"  erroneously  in  D'Anisy's  Transcripts. 
2  A  fine  was  made  before  the  same  seven  justices  on  Dec.  4, 1192  (Ed  Pine  Roll 
Soc.  I.,  13). 

3  Trans.:  "Waldeford."  *  /i. :  "  Peterswill." 

•  lb. :  "  Husebury."  "  lb. :  «  Thancombe." 


ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  CAEN.       151 


1192. 


[1189-1198.] 

(Original  [?in 

private  hands.] 

Charter  roll. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  206.) 


Mesped'  and  half  a  virgate  of  land,  with  the  appurtenances, 
which  belonged  to  Osbert  Ruste,  and  as  much  which  belonged 
to  William  de    Houdeham  and  the  herbage  of    Caltee  next 
William's  meadow,  and  the  mill  next  Longahand  with  its  pool, 
and  the  tenement  of  John  the  miller  and  the  herbage  of  the  road 
of  Wyddunsere  as  far  as  the  hedge  (haysa)  of  Hemorre  and  the 
herbage  of  Granugg'  as  far  as  the  gate  of  the  churchyard,  and 
Silvuleia,  and  Bubroc  and   Barbeia   and   Rueheia  with   their 
appurtenances  and  the  land  of  Ralf  Sprune,  and  the  meadow 
called  Hoeylin,  so  far  as  it  belonged  to  the  demesne  of  the 
abbess,  and  one  acre  in  Sterlemald  to^    .     .     .    .    the  road  as  far 
as  Hoeylin,  adjoining  the  hedge  of  Windemare  and  Stullemorra. 
And  the  aforesaid  William  and  his  heirs  are  to  hold  all  tlie 
foregoing,  with  their  appurtenances,  of  the  said  abbess  and 
convent   paying    annually  twenty-three    shillings   and    throe 
half  pence,  half  at  Easter  and  half  at  Michaelmas  in  discharge 
of  (pro)  all  service  and  dues  belonging  to  the  said  abbess  and 
convent ;    and,   moreover,   the    said    William    is    to    provide 
(inveniet)  in  the  church  of  Felstede  the  light  of  one  lamp  or 
one  mortar  (hujus  mortaris)  every  night  of  the  year,  or  two 
shillings  a  year  for  the  said  light ;  and  moreover  William  quit- 
claims the  tenement  of  Umfrey  de  Wychesleya,  and  restores 
to  the  abbess  and  convent  three  men,  namely  William  son  of 
Alwin,  with  his  tenement,  and  John  and  Ailmar  his  brothers  ; 
and   the  abbess  and   convent  quitclaim   to   William  and   his 
heirs  five  men,  namely   Symon  the   turner,  and   Robert   the 
parmenter,   and   Wymunol   (?)   Sostefeld   and    Robert  son  of 
Hervey ;    and  Robert  Syner' ;    and  William  gives  up  to  the 
said  abbess  all  the  charters  and  muniments  of  the  said  lands 
that  are  in  his  possession,  except  his  own  charter  of  the  said 
tenements   in   Felsted  and    Salingues^;    and   the   abbess   and 
convent    grant  to  William  and    his  heirs   and   their   men   at 
Felsted  free  common  in  Felsted ;  and  William  and  his  heirs  are  to 
have  quittance  of  pannage  for  the  swine  of  their  own  breeding, 
in  all  woods  of  the  abbess  and  convent  at  Felsted  except  in  the 
wood  of  Blachehouleia,  and  the  swine  of  William's  men  and  of 
their  heirs  are  to  be  quit  of  pannage  save  in  the  year  when 
feeding  (paisson)  shall  be  found  them  in  the  woods  of  the 
abbess  at  Felsted.     And  for  this  fine  [and]  concord  the  abbess 
and  convent  have  given  William  a  hundred  pounds  sterling  and 
eight  acres  of  land  in  Grandeloy' ere  and  in  the  outwoods  (/oris . 
boscis)  outside  the  enclosure  {hayam).^ 

445.  Charter  of  Richard  bishop  of  London  addressed 
generally.  He  confirms  to  the  abbess  and  convent  of  the  Holy 
Trinity,  Caen  the  church  of  Felsted  with  all  its  appurtenances 
and  grants  that  they  may  apply  for  ever  its  property  to  their 
own  use,  as  did  his  predecessor  Gilbert  Foliot  by  a  charter 
which  he  has  inspected  with  his  own  eyes. 

1  MS.  injured.  "'  Trans. :  "  Solingues." 

'  The  text  ia  evidently  corrupt  in  Transcript,  if  not  in  the  Inspextmus,  but 
(ould  sot  be  collated. 


152  ABBEY  OF  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  CAEN. 

[1189-1198.] 

Testibus  hiis:  Kadulfo  de  Dieeto  Londoniensi  decano ; 
Ricardo  de  Storteford  magistro  scolarum ;  Roberto  de  Clifford, 
magistro  Hugone  a  London,  Petro  deWaltham,  canonicis  London- 
[iensibus];  Rogero  et  Davide  capellanis ;  Johanne  de  Storte- 
ford' ;  Johanne  Witeng' ;  Willelmo  de  Avening ;  Helya  clerico 
de  Hanton[e];  Waltero  clerico;  Alexandre  de  Norfolch; 
Henrico  pincema;  Willelmo  de  Londuni ;  Radulfo  parvo; 
Galfredo  Francigena,  et  multis  aliis. 
Fine  seal  and  counter-seal  of  bishop.     [Drawing.] 

[?  Temp.  RLc.  I.]      446,  Charter   of  Clementia  prioress    of  Haliwelles  and  all 

(Original  in  archives,  the   convent   addressed    generally.      They  grant   in   fee   and 

"^^r'  ^°8  n  "'    inheritance  to  their  dear  clerk,  David  the  chaplain,  their  land  in 

°'      '  London  near  the  precinct  of  St.  Paul's,  to  the  west,  towards  Castle 

Munfichet,  which  [land]  master  Hugh  de  London[e]  formerly 

held  of  them,  to  be  held  at  an  annual  rent  of  three  shillings  for 

ever  in  discharge  of  {pro)  all  service;  and  David  and  those 

who  shall  be  his  heirs  in  that  land  are  to  pay  that  sum  half  at 

Easter  and  half  at  Michaelmas. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Willelmo  capellano,  procuratore  domus  nostre  ; 
Thoma  aldermanno  illius  warde ;  Ricardo  juniore ;  Johanne  de 
Storteford^ ;  Waltero  clerico ;  Gilberto  des  Arches ;  Alexandro 
de  Norfolke  clerico ;  Galfrido  fabro ;  Galfrido  mercerio ; 
Roberto  fabro ;  Selemaro ;  Baldewino  parmementario,  et  alii[s] 
multi[s]. 

[?  Temp.  Ric.  I.]  447.  Charter  of  master  Gervase  the  chaplain,  notifying  that 
(Original  in  archires.  he  has  granted  and  confirmed  in  fee  and  inheritance  to  Odo  the 
^"^^f^'m^'i^^^"  chaplain  and  hia  heirs  all  the  land  and  buildings  he  held  of 
Jordan  de  Zuin  in  London  towards  the  eastle  of  Munfichet,  next 
the  land  which  belonged  to  master  Hugh  de  London,  adjoining 
the  precinct  {atrium)  of  St.  Paul's,  to  be  held  of  his  son  John 
and  Felicia  his  wife  and  their  heirs  definitely  {finahiliter)  in 
inheritance  at  a  rent  of  eightpence,  at  Easter,  in  discharge  of 
{j>ro)  all  services,  dues,  and  demands,  saving  service  [due]  to 
the  chief  lord,  the  said  Jordan  and  his  heirs,  namely  thirty  two 
pence,  which  the  said  Odo  pays  yearly,  as  is  recited  in  the 
charter  which  he  holds  from  Jordun  and  has  delivered  to  Odo 
with  seisin  of  that  land.  And  he  is  bound  to  warrant  that  land 
to  Odo  against  all  men  and  women.  For  this  grant  and  con- 
firmation Odo  has  given  him  and  his  son  and  his  son's  wife 
100  shillings  as  consideration  {gersuvia). 

Hiis  testibus :  Eadulfo  de  Dieeto  decano  Londoniensi^ ; 
Ricardo  juniore  canonico  ;  Roberto  presbitero  de  Sancto  Martino ; 
Laurentio  presbitero  de  Sancto  Gregorio ;  Willelmo  capellano 
de  Stebeh[eie]*  Alexandro  de  Norfoulke  clerico ;  Hugone  de 
Dovero ;  Roberto  filio  Siward ;  Gilberto  Baco ;  Michaele  de 
Valentiis  ;  Galfrido   Moricio^ ;   Galfrido  fabro  ;  Roberto  fabro ; 

'  Cf.  9th  Report  on  Historical  MSS.,  App.  I.  p.  20a. 
2  Tram. :  "  Soorteford."  »  Trans.  :  "  Londini." 

*  lb. ;  "  SceBeh',"  '  lb,  aed  rectius :  "  mercerio." 


ABBEY  OP  THE  HOLY  TRINITY,  CAEN.         153 

[?  Temp.  Ric.  I.] 

Rogero  carpentario ;  Selomaro  regis  portario ;  Johanne  pincerna ; 

Johanne  marescallo,  et  multis  aliis. 

Seal  of  master  Gervase.     [An  antique  gem,  with  the  legend  "  Deum  timeo 
nee  non."] 

[?  Temp.  Ric.  I.]      448.  Charter  of  John  son  of  master  Gervase  writer  of  the 
(Original  in  archives,  great  roll,  granting  and  demising  to  Odo  chaplain  of  St.  Paul's, 
™fo.  260.)  London,  and  those  successors  whom  he  may  make  his  heirs  all 

his  land,  with  the  buildings  and  appurtenances,  next  the  land 
which  belonged  to  master  Hugh  de  London,  without  the  precinct 
of  St.  Paul's  towards  Castle  Munfichet,  to  be  held  of  him  and 
his  heirs  definitely  (^^tiaftiii^er)  in  inheritance,  paying  to  liimself 
and  his  heirs  eightpence  etc.  (lii  supra) ;  and  Odo  and  whosoever 
he  may  make  Lis  heir  is  to  acquit  that  land  towards  the  chief 
lord  etc.  (ut  supra).  He  has  pledged  his  faith  to  Odo  to  observe 
this  grant  and  agreement  faithfully  and  without  ill  intent ;  and 
Odo  has  pledged  his  faith  to  him  that  neither  by  himself,  nor  by 
other,  will  he  seek  contrivance  or  device  for  depriving  him  of 
that  rent  of  eightpence.  And  those  whom  he  shall  make  his 
heirs  are  to  do  the  same.  For  this  grant  and  confirmation,  Odo 
has  given  him  100  shillings  as  consideration  (gersv/ma). 

Hiis  testibus  :  Radulfo  de  I>iceto  decano  Londoniensi ;  Ricardo 
jvmiore  canonico ;  Roberto  capellano  de  Sancto  Martino ; 
Laurentio  presbitero  de  Sancto  Gregorio  ;  Willelmo  capellano  de 
Stebheie ;  AJexandro  de  Norfolk  clerico ;  Hugone  de  Colecester  ; 
Roberto  filio  Siward ;  Gilberto  Dato ;  Michaele  de  Val'uoiues ; 
Galfrido  mercereio ;  Galfrido  fabro ;  Roberto  fabro ;  Selomaro ; 
Reginaldo  portario  ;  Augustino  Caliz ;  Johanne  Morin ;  Johanne 
pincerna ;  Johanne  Marescallo,  et  multis  aliis.^ 

'  Compare  the  deeds  with  same  witnesses  in  9th  Eeport  Hist.  MSS.  Coram. 
App.  1.  p.  15  (Nos.  1349,  401). 


154 


ABBEY   OF   ST.   STEPHEN,    CAEN, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS. 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OF    BAYEUX. 

[Original  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Calvados,] 


[1077.]  449.  Charter  of  Roger  de  Montegomerico  liegeman  (fidelis) 

(Original  in  archives  of  William  king  of  the  English,  prince  of  the  Normans  and  of 

Trans*  VoTl.  *^®  ™^^  ^^  ^^'^6-  ^°^  ^^^  ^°"^^  ^^  ^°^  ^^^  o^  ^is  lord  the  king, 
fo.  150.)  '  and  for  the  weal  of  his  soul,  he  gives  (trado)  to  St.  Stephen's, 
Caen  the  hourg  of  Trun  with  the  wood  of  Auge  (Alge)  and 
all  the  appurtenances  of  the  hourg,  except  the  mills  and  tithes 
which  he  had  already  given  to  other  churches,  on  condition 
that,  so  long  as  he  lives,  or  his  lord  [the  king],  or  his  wife,  he 
might,  if  he  would,  keep  [habere)  that  hourg  in  his  demesne ; 
but  that  after  his  death,  or  that  of  his  lord,  or  of  his  wife,  it 
should  be  the  right  and  possession  of  that  house,  for  the  abbot 
and  monks  there  canonically  serving  God  to  dispose  of,  to  give, 
to  hold,  and  to  administer  as  they  shall  deem  best.  And  as 
testimony  of  this,  he  grants  the  house  of  Aiulf  Guirellus  with 
all  his  rights  to  dues  from  that  house,  whether  from  native  or 
other  (extraneis)  traders,  there  buying  or  selling,  or  making 
any  contract  whence  profit  is  accustomed  to  accrue.  His  lord 
the  king  authorises  this  gift,  and  in  memory  of  it  grants  the 
road,  which  led  without  the  hourg,  through  the  hourg. 

Testes :  Henricus  filius  Eogerii  de  Bellomonte ;  Hamo ;  Gisle- 
bertus  Haretel,  et  alii  plures. 

Afterwards  at  the  dedication  of  St.  Stephen's  Roger  delivered 
this  gift  upon  the  altar,  by  permission  of  William  king  of  the 
English,  prince  of  the  Normans  and  of  the  men  of  Maine,  and 
of  his  son  Robert. 

Testes  :  Lanfrancus  Cantuariensis  archiepiscopus  ;  Ode  Baio- 
censis  episcopus ;  Rogerius  de  Bellomonte,  et  alii  plures  qui  ei 
dedication!  interfuere. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  regis  Anglorum  ;  Mathildis  regine ;  Robert! 
coniitis ;  Willelmi  comitis ;  Alani  comitis ;  Rogerii  comitis  de 
Montegomerico ;  Hugonis  comitis ;  Aucensis  comitis ;  Enrici 
de  Bellomonte. 

.  '  IJo  longer  there  now, 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  CAEN.  155 


[Circ.  1077.]  450.  Charter  of  William  [I.]  king  of  the  English,  prince  of 
(Original  in  archiTes.  the  Normans  and  of  the  men  of  Maine.  He  gives  the  abbey 
'fo.'l5iO  "  °^  ^*'"  Stephen,  Caen,  which  he  has  raised  for  the  weal  of 
himself,  his  wife,  his  children,  and  his  relatives,  a  cellar  at 
Rouen  on  the  Seine,  that  the  monks  may  store  there,  undis- 
turbed, the  wine  or  anything  else  they  may  buy  for  their  own 
use,  to  be  conveyed  to  their  monastery  without  selling  it.  And 
there  may  dwell  in  it  one  man,  who  shall  have  a  hundred  muids 
of  wine,  a  year,  free  from  all  claims  (creditihus)  and  seizure  so 
long  as  he  pays  the  king  his  mueison,  paid  by  others,  in  Rouen 
on  every  hundred  muids.  Such  wine  as  he  may  have  beyond  a 
hundred  muids  is  to  enjoy  the  same  quittance  as  that  of  the 
other  agents  (homines)  of  chui-ches  who  enjoy  quittance  in  that 
town.  He  also  grants  the  land  that  Hugh  Rosel  held  of  him  in 
Grainvillcj  and  gave  the  said  monastery  when  he  became  a 
monk. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  regis  Anglorum  comitis  Normannorum ; 
Mathildis  regine ;  Ricardi  de  Corceio ;  Gaufridi  Constanciensis 
episcopi ;  Fulconis  de  Alnou. 

[1101-1105.]        451.  Charter  of   Robert  duke  of  the  Normans  granting,  for 

(Orisinai  in  archives,  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his  father  and  mother,  his 

Traas.  VoTi!      brothers  (sic),  his  predecessors  and  his  relatives,  to  the  abbey 

fo.  152.)  of  St.  Stephen's,   Caen,   founded  by  his  father  William  king 

of  the  English,  a  market  on  Sundajj's  in  the  manor  of  Ceus,  to 

be  enjoyed  in  inheritance  for  ever,  and  a  fair  annually  at  the 

time  the  abbot  and  monks  might  select.     He  grants  with  his 

heart,  and  confirms  it  with  his  lips  (ore)  and  with  his  hand,  that 

anyone  violating  this  grant  be  excommunicated  by  authority 

of   the  Almighty  Father,  the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost,  and 

excluded  for  ever  from  the  kingdom  of  God. 

[Signa]  Roberti  comitis  Normannie ;  Eustacii  de  Britolio ; 
Willelmi  Rothomagensis  archiepiscopi ;  Ranulfi  episcopi  Dunel- 
mensis ;  [Odonis]  episcopi  Baiocensis  ;  Willelmi  camerarii  ; 
Willelmi  comitis  de  Warenna ;  Roberti  de  Montiforte  ;  Gisleberti 
de  Aquila ;  Rainaldi  de  Aureavalle ;  Willelmi  de  Ferreriis ; 
Radulfi  Taisson ;  episcopi  Constanciencis ;  Roberti  Marmion ; 
Roberti  de  Grentonis-maisnillio ;  Roberti  Doisnel. 

[1156-7.]  452.  Charter  of  Henry  II.     He   confirms  and   restores   to 

(Original  in  archives.  St.  Stephen's  Caen  and  the  monks  there  serviug  God,  for  the 

^".Ifrr^vLn^ti-r  weal  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his  father,  and  mother,  his  wife, 

on  plaited  green  tag.  L  J  '  n   ,1.    j.    i  •        Airi 

Trans.  Vol.  I.       SOUS,  relatives,  predecessors,  and  successors,  all  that  kmg  VVu- 
fo.  176.)  liam  his  great-grandfather,  or  king  Henry  his  grandfather  gave 

it,  according  to  their  charters,  and  all  that  it  rightfully  (ration- 
abiliter)  held  in  their  times,  or  rightfully  acquired  in  their 
times  or  his.  They  are,  therefore,  to  hold,  etc.  .... 
the  manor  of  Northam  with  Aisserugia  its  member,  in  England, 
in  the  county  of  Denevessire  (sic)  with  all  its  appurtenances, 
in  lands,  waters,  saltpans,  free  of  wreck-dues  (wereccio)  and 
shirei  [court]  and  hundred  [court] ;  with  the  dues  of  the  ships 

>  "  Seyra  "  in  orig. ;  Trans.  ;  "  Seyya." 


156  ABBEY  OP  ST,  STEPHEN,  CAEN. 

[1156-7.] 

that  come  there  etc.,  as  queen  Mathildis  wife  of  his  great 
grandfather  king  William,  held  it,  when  she  gave  it  to  St. 
Stephen's,  as  the  said  king  William's  charter  testifies.  This  he 
restores.  He  also  confirms  two  manors  in  Dorset  given  by- 
king  Williamj  namely,  Framton  with  its  members  and  appur- 
tenances in  wood  and  plain,  and  Biemecomma ;  and  in  Berk- 
shire, seven  hides  at  Heinreit.  He  also  grants  Brideton  in 
Dorset,  of  the  gift  of  king  Henry  his  grandfather,  as  it  was 
given  with  soc  and  sac,  thol  and  them  and  Invangenetheof, 
and  with  all  dues  belonging  to  ib,  for  the  weal  of  the  king's 
soul  and  [those]  of  all  his  relatives,  and,  in  part,  for  the  crown 
and  the  other  ornaments  belonging  to  it,  which  his  father  king 
William,  at  his  death,  left  {dimisit)  to  St.  Stephen's ;  and  in 
Essex  (Essessa)  the  little  manor  (TnanerioluTn)  of  Penfeld,  with 
the  wood  adjacent,  with  the  whole  tithe  of  the  rest  of  his 
land,  namely  Tiedesham  and  Esingesham  and  Foleborne  and 
Aliueleia^  (sic)  and  Bures,  and  with  an  estate  (mansio  terre) 
within  London,  Wodestrata,^  free  from  gelt  and  escot,  and  all 
other  due ;  and  the  church  of  Morton,  with  its  appurtenances 
of  the  gift  of  William  de  Escoiis  ;  and  in  Norfolk  Wells,  with  its 
appurtenances  in  Gaiton,  and  with  the  church  and  its  appurte- 
nances, also  of  his  gift. 

Testibus :  Rotbrodo  Ebroicensi  episcopo ;  Phillippo  Baiocensi 
episcopo ;  Arnulfo  Lexoviensi  episcopo  ;  Jordano  Taixun ;  Will- 
elmo  filio  Johannis ;  Thoma  cancellario :  Gaufrido  Ridello, 
Apud  Baiocas. 

[1156-7.]  453.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  confirms 

(Two  originals  in    to  St.  Stephen's,   Caen  and  the  monks  there  serving  God,  for 

''«'''7/L°fwt'''f°f  the  weal  of  his  soul,  and  [those]  of  his  father,  mother,  wife, 

Seals  broken;  tags  jj  vj.  i-  nr-n-  i.- 

of  plaited  green  silks.  SOUS,  kinsmen,  and  predecessors,  whatever  king  William  his 
Trans.  Vol.  I.  great-grandfather,  or  king  Henry  his  grandfather  gave  the 
OS.  154-  7  .)  gg^jjj  abbey  (ecdesia)  as  their  charters  testify,  and  all  that  they 
lawfully  (racionahiliter)  held  in  the  time  of  king  Henry  his 
grandfather  or  William  his  great-grandfather,  and  all  acquisi- 
tions, by  gift,  purchase,  or  exchange,  in  their  days  or  his  own, 
etc.,  namely  [Norman  possessions  recited]  ....  In  the 
land  of  the  English,  two  manors  in  the  county  of  Dorset 
Fran  then  and  Biencomme  ;  in  the  county  of  Somerseth,  10  hides 
at  Cruche  and  the  church  with  all  the  tithe  of  the  place ;  in 
the  county  of  Wilthesira,  the  church  of  Cosham,  with  all  its  land 
and  tithe ;  in  the  county  of  Norf olch  the  manor  called  Welles 

'  Trans.  :  "  Alvineleia."  =  lb. .-  "  Wodcstra." 

^  Both  these  charters  are  -written  in  douhle  column.  Although  they  purport  to 
be  granted  by  the  king,  and  begin  and  end  accordingly,  the  document  becomes  in 
places  a  recital  by  the  monks  themselves,  whose  "  nos  "  and  "  nostrum  "  there 
replaces  the."  ego  "  of  the  king. 

One  of  these  charters  gives  the  witnesses'  names  as  in  the  text.  The  other  adds 
the  words  "  iustic[iario]  Norm[annie]  "  after  the  bishop  of  Evreux's  name,  and 
inserts  (after  "  Gaufrido  capellano  ")  three  additional  witnesses  :  "  Willelmo  filio 
"  Martini ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto  s  Manassero  Biseit."  The  Neustria  Pia  version 
(p.  628)  is  a  compound,  omitting  "  justiciario  Kormannie,"  but  including  th? 
three  witnesses  ("Biseit"  being  given  as  "Bizet"). 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  CAEN.       157 


[1156-7.] 


given  by  William  de  Scociis,  with  the  church  of  Morthon  and 
its  land  and  tithe  in  Essex;  the  little  manor  of  Pantelle  in 
Essex,  and  in  London  land  which  belonged  to  Iieivreth,  near 
St,  Peter's  church,  free  from  Geelth  and  Scoth  and  all  other 
due,  which  Waleran  son  of  Kanulf  gave^  with  the  tithe  of  all 
his  land  in  England  ;  in  Henreth  the  land  which  St.  Stephen's 
held  there  of  Marmium's  fee.  He  [also]  confirms  and  restores 
Northam  in  Devenessira,^  given  by  queen  Matilda  in  her  last 
illness,  as  free  as  she  held  it  herself,  with  its  appurtenances  and 
dues.  He  grants  the  land  which  Robert  de  Grentemaisnil  and 
Agnes  his  wife  gave  in  the  manor  of  Bernard  son  of  Ospac  at 
Rouen ;  and  confirms  the  manor  of  Briditonia  in  Dorset,  con- 
firmed by  his  grandfather  king  Henry,  with  soc  and  sac  and 
thol  and  theam  and  all  its  dues,  for  the  redemption  of  his  soul, 
and  those  of  his  father  and  mother  and  all  his  relatives  ;  and 
this  he  did^  partly  for  the  crown  and  other  ornaments  connected 
with  it,  which  his  father  had  bequeathed  to  St.  Stephen's  at  his 
death,  and  partly  in  exchange  for  the  churches  and  lands 
of  Crucha  and  Cosseham.  He  also  grants  that  the  supplies 
and  all  the  substance  of  the  monks  and  of  their  demesne 
servants  be  free  from  toll  and  passage-money  and  all  due, 
wheresoever  they  come,  as  his  grandfather  king  Henry  directed, 
under  ten  pounds  penalty  for  infringement.  He  also  directs 
that  the  marshal  of  Venoix*  (Venuntium)  shall  not  prohibit 
the  abbot  of  Caen  or  his  meadow-keeper  (pratarius)  from 
mowing  the  demesne  meadows,  nor  take  money  from  him  for  it, 
etc. ;  and  all  who  come  to  the  fair  of  St.  Lawrence  are  to  enjoy 
his  peace,  coming  and  going,  and  the  abbot  is  to  enjoy  all  his 
dues,  as  granted  by  the  king,  and  no  one  is  to  disturb  the 
merchants,  coming  or  going,  under  penalty  of  ten  pounds 
.  .  .  .  The  whole  land  of  the  Bessin  and  the  Hiesmois 
(Oxiinis)  is  to  be  free  from  exaction  and  corvde  (gravaria  et 
operationibus)  and  all  other  dues,  etc.  ...  He  also  quit- 
claims all  St.  Stephen's  land  from  work  on  his  park  at  Rouen 
and  from  carriage  (carreium)  of  his  wine  from  Argences 
(Argentic)  as  quitclaimed  by  his  grandfather.  ....  He 
confirms  the  gifts  of  Ralf  son  of  Herbert  of  land  at  Bavent,  of 
Geoff'rey  Bosville  of  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  there,  in  wine  and 
cider  (sicera)  as  well  as  wheat  and  all  else  that  pays  tithe  with 
one  acre  in  his  field  for  a  tithe-barn  (grancia),  also  of  William 
Paganellus,  namely,  the  tithe  of  Fontenay  {Fontanetwni)  as  free 
and  complete,  with  an  acre  of  land,  as  his  predecessors  ever  held 
it,  also  that  of  William  de  Audreio  of  the  church  of  Loncelles 
(XoceMe)  with  its  endowments  ;  also  that  of  Geoffrey  de  Manne- 
villa  of  the  land  of  Scrovilla  which  Godfrey  de  Tilleio  and  Ralf 
his  brother  previously  held.  He  also  grants  the  market  and 
fair  of  Ceeus,  as  confirmed  by  his  grandfather  king  Henry,  whose 
brother  Robert  granted  it,  under  his  own  hand,  at  St.  Pierre  sur 
Dive,  etc.,  also  the  gift  made  by  king  William  his  great-grand- 
father, namely  two  stags  and  two  kids  (capreolos)  annually  from 

'  See  JPalgrave's  English  Commonwealth  II.,  clsxxi. 
»  Trans,  .  " Denevessira."  "  Trans.:  "feci." 

*  Ct  Rotuli  Chartarttm,  I.,  p.  46.  (2). 


158  ABBEY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  CAEN. 

[1156-7.] 

(in)  his  woods,  on  the  feast  of  the  Invention  of  St.  Stephen's 
body,  and  William  de  Maigneio's  gift  of  the  fee  of  Eobert  earl 
of  Gloucester,  by  consent  of  that  earl  and  of  William  his  son, 
namely,  two  mills  at  Monsacutus.  He  grants  the  gift  of  abbot 
Gilbert,  en  the  fief  of  Hugh  de  Rosel,  of  the  land  which  his 
father  gave  St.  Stephen's  when  he  was  made  a  monk  there 
oa  condition  that  Hugh  should  perform  fitting  service  for  it 
with  the  rest  oithe  fee  beholds  of  St.  Stephen's.  And  for  this, 
Hugh  has  given  the  abbey  a  virgate  of  land  and  two-thirds 
of  the  tithe  of  all  his  land  at  Rosel  and  Grouchy  (Groceium) 
agreeing  also  that  the  tithe  should  be  delivered  at  the  houses 
of  St.  Stephen's  tithe-collectors  free  of  all  claim ;  and  for  the 
fees  of  Grainville  and  Groceium  he  has  done  his  homage  to  the 
abbey.  He  confirms  the  gift  of  the  manor  of  Vein,  which 
his  great-grandfather,  king  William  gave  in  his  last  illness,  as 
it  was  held  on  the  day  of  his  death,  etc.  He  also  confirms  all 
the  gifts  of  Odo  bishop  of  Bayeux,  his  chapter  consenting,  that 
is,  only  of  those  churches,  houses,  lands,  which  were  given  to 
the  abbey  before  or  at  its  dedication,  namely,  of  what  he  held 
at  Caen  on  that  day,  etc.  .  .  .  ,  Of  12  acres  (jugera)  of 
land  which  abbot  Lanfranc  bought  at  Venois  ( Venuntium), 
of  the  meadows  which  William  de  Corcellis  sold  him  of  the 

said  bishop's  fee,  of  all  Ros  except  the  church,  etc 

Of  what  Richard  Goiz  held  at   Rucqueville  {Ruscavilla)  etc. 

and  Ranulf  the  vicoTnte  at  Britivilla  Orguellosa,  etc 

On  all  the  foregoing  gifts,  that  belonged  to  the  church  of 
Bayeux,  he  grants  the  forfeiture  for  criminal  sins,  money  fines, 
and  the  injunction  of  penance  foi-  non-criminal  sins  by  the 
dwellers  thereon.  And  he  grants,  as  Odo  granted,  that  whenso- 
ever cases  of  criminal  sins,  in  the  said  cliurches,  houses,  or 
lands,  are  heard  by  the  archdeacon  of  Bayeux,  the  abbot  or 

prior   of    St.  Stephen's,  etc He   further   confirms 

the  gifts  made  by  the  barons  of  Normandy  to  St.  Stephen's, 
namely  that  of  the  bourg  of  Trun,  etc.,  by  Roger  de  Mungomerio, 
in  record  of  which  gift  king  William  granted  that  the  road 
passing  without  the  bomy  should  lead  through  it ;  and  that  of 
Robert  count  of  Mortain,  namely  Hubertivilla,  etc.,  etc. ;  and  that 
of  Richard  son  of  Turstin,  vicomte  of  Avranches,  namely  his 
land  at  Ruschavilla  of  the  fee  of  Turstin  son  of  Richard,  with  the 
said  Turstin's  consent ;  and  that  of  Ranulf  vicomte  of  Bayeux, 
etc.  etc. ;  and  that  of  Robert  Bertrand,  namely,  all  his  land 
at  Britivilla  Orgulosa  etc. ;  and  that  of  Eudo  Dapifer,  namely, 
all  his  share  of  Baltha  etc.,  and  the  land  of  Hotot,  half  of 
which  was  in  his  demesne  and  half  held  of  him  by  William  in 
fee  etc.  etc. ;  and  that  of  Robert  de  Monbrai  earl  of  Northum- 
berland, namely  what  he  held  at  Vilers  in  Auge  (Alge)  near 
Boseval  in  frank  almoin ;  and  that  of  Engelram  and  Agnes 
his  wife  of  the  church  and  titbc  of  Alnetum  etc.;  and 
that  of  Ralf  son  of  Ansera,^  namely  73  acres  of  his  allev,  at 
Boseval ;  and  that  of  Ralf  son  of  Herfred,  namely  half  the 

»  MS,:  "Ansere"  (?"Anseredi")- 


ABBEY  OP  ST.  STEPHEN,  CAEN.  159 


[1156-7.] 


laud  he  held  near  Badwent  etc. ;  and  that  of  Serlo  de  Lingevrio, 
namely  the  church  of  Buxedellum  etc.  with  all  the  rightful 
tithe  of  his  demesne  and  his  villeins,  and  with  a  third  of  the 
tithe  of  his  krfights  there  and  of  the  other  parishioners  who 
attend  that  church  ....  and  that  of  William  de  Sola, 
namely  all  that  Hugh  de  Diva  held  of  him  at  Dives  and 
Chaumont ;  and  the  privileges  granted  at  Alen9on  by  William 
count  of  Ponthieu.  He  also  confirms  the  purchases  and 
exchanges  made  by  Lanfranc,  W^illiam,  Gilbert,  Eudo,  Peter, 
and  WiUiam,  abbots  of  St.  Stephen's.  Lanfranc  purchased  etc. 
,  .  .  .  William  purchased  from  Robert  Marmion,  by  consent 
of  his  wife  and  children,  a  mill  on  the  Laize  (Leisia)  etc.  .  . 
.  .  from  Roger  Arundel  an  acre  and  a  half  of  meadow  .  . 
.  .  from  Osmund  Aculeus,  Richard,  and  Roger  the  alleu  they 
had  at  Chaumont  (Galvum  montem)  on  the  Dive,  of  which  he 
afterwards  gave  50  acres  to  Boselin^  in  fee,  on  receiving  the 
price  he  had  given  for  the  land  [and]  on  condition  that  after 
the  death  of  Boselin'S  uncle,  Ansered   the    priest,  two-thirds 

of  the  tithe  there  should  always  go  to  St.  Stephen's  etc 

To  abbot  William  Ranulf  son  of  Ascelin  sold  all  the  land 
belonging  to  him  within  and  about  the  church,  and  all  that  the 
abbey  had  bought  from  him  everywhere,  so  that  neither  he 
nor  any  heir  of  his  could  make  any  claim  therein.  In  this  sale 
was  comprised  all  his  land  except  {pretei^)  his  own  house  and 
two  acres  of  meadow  and  an  acre  and  three  roods  of  land.  All 
this  he  definitely  confirmed  before  the  altar  of  St.  Stephen's 
and  the  abbot  and  many  of  the  convent,  his  wife  and  children 
being  present,  and  joining  with  him  in  the  act.  [Abbot] 
William  bought  etc.  ...  To  [abbot]  Lanfranc  Gisla,  wife 
of  William  Patric,  and  her  son  William  sold  5  acres  of  land  at 
Caen,  and  Ranulf  son  of  Ascelin  4  acres,  from  which  stone  was 
quarried  for  the  monastery.  .  .  .  Robert  de  Belfou  granted, 
in  alms,  to  St.  Stephen's  all  the  land  which  Hugh  de  Diva  held 

of  him  at  and  round  Dives Hugh  de  Diva  and 

Boselin,^his  brother  gave  St.  Stephen's,  at  Modol,  four  acres  and 
a  half  of  vineyard  free  from  all  payments  except  a  third  of  the 
tithe,  Hugh  or  his  heir  being  also  bound  to  render  to  the  monks, 
at  vintage  time,  6  muids  of  wine  ....  Robert  son  of 
Bernard  burnt  four  houses  belonging  to  St.  Stephen's  and  a 
winepress  (torcularium)  with  all  the  wine-pots  (vinaria)  of 
which  there  were  many  at  vintage-time  at  Modol,  and  inflicted 
other  heavy  loss,  in  wine,  horses,  oxen,  and  much  else,  for 
which  he  gave  [in  compensation]  40  shillings  of  Le  Mans  and 
the  tithe  of  Moen  near  Ceus  and  all  those  dues,  and  mortgages, 
and  purchases,  and  alms,  which  the  monks  held  at  Modal  of 

Hugh  de  Rovres  and  Emma  his  wife,  etc William 

the  butler  de  Albigneio  gave  St.  Stephen's  all  that  he  held  at 
Etaveaux  {Stavellum)  of  it,  in  inheritance.  This  gift  had  been 
previously  made  by  William  at  the  castle  of  Caen,  in  the 
presence  of  the  king  and  the  barons [Abbot]  Eudo 


Cf.  Domeeday,  I.,  202b.  '  T^ans.  -.  "  propter." 


160 

[1156-7.] 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  CAEN. 


bought  at  Scarvilla  50  acres  of  land  from  two  brothers,  Adelulf 
and  Alan  for  thirty  pounds  ten  shillings  in  money  of  Rouen,  of 
which  Adelulf,  the  elder,  had  12  pounds  and  a  horse  of  20 
shillings  [value],  and  his  sons  William  and  Osmund,  for  their 
consent,  (concessione),  the  one  20  shillings  and  the  other  a  tunic 
(damidem),  [while]  Alan  had  15  pounds,  Thomas,  his  son,^ 
for  his  consent  a  horse  and  20  shillings,  [and]  his  mother 
10  shillings  and  two  sestiers  of  wheat  and  one  of  barley. 
William  Bacon,  of  whose  fee  was  the  land,  received  from  the 
abbot  16  pounds,  11  shillings,  and  [for  ?]  the  hauberk  [?  knight's 
fee]  which  belonged  to  Robert  de  Tiesgoz  100  shillings  in 
money,  to  free  the  land  to  St.  Stephen's  that  no  service  or 
aid  should  thenceforth  be  required  from  the  vendors  or  from 
the  brethren ;  and  Roger  his  son,  for  his  consent,  had  40 
shillings  for  a  palfrey.  Robert  de  Tresgoz,  when  admitted 
as  a  monk  before  his  death,  gave  a  holding  at  St.  Croix, 
The  men  of  Siccavilla,  received  into  the  brotherhood  of  St. 
Stephen's,  gave  it  two-thirds  of  their  tithes.  The  church  of 
that  vill,  which  the  abbey  had  peaceably  possessed  from  of 
old,  was  persistently  claimed  by  a  certain  clerk,  Herbert.  King 
Henry,  resolving  to  put  an  end  to  the  trouble,  summoned  both 
parties  to  plead  before  him  on  an  appointed  day,  at  the  castle 
of  Caen.  On  the  day  appointed,  the  abbot  and  monks,  with  all 
that  was  required,  attended  {suum  placitum  ohtulerunt)  before 
the  king  and  justice,  but  Herbert  made  default  in  the  hearing 
of  the  king,  all  the  justices  (totius  jusHcie)  and  the  barons; 
and,  by  the  decision  of  the  king  and  justice[s],  St.  Stephen's 
remained  seised,  no  more  to  make  answer  to  anyone  therein. 
Roger  son  of  Peter  de  Fontaneto,  in  the  presence  of  all  the 
justice[s]  restored  to  St.  Stephen's  that  land  [Fontenay]  and  all 
the  tithes  which  had  been  given  it  by  his  grandfather  Godfrey 
and  his  father,  and  granted  them  to  be  held  by  it  for  ever 
.  .  .  .  He  (the  king)  also  confirms  (co7icedo)  the  agreement 
between  the  abbot  and  Richard  son  of  Edith  made  at  London,^ 
and  that  between  the  monks  of  St.  Stephen's  and  the  king's 
officers  concerning  the  land  of  Brideport  and  Brideton.^ 

Testibus :  Rothroco  Ebroicensi  episcopo ;  Philippo  Baiocensi 
episcopo ;  Arnulfo  Lexoviensi  episcopo ;  Thoma  cancellario ; 
Gaufrido  Ridello ;  Gaufrido  capellano ;  Willelmo  filio  Johannis ; 
Godart  de  Vaus;  Jordano  Taixum;  Ricardo  de  Haia.  Apud 
Cadomum. 

[1156-1159.]  454.  Writ  of  Henry  11.  addressed  to  his  officers  of  all 
(Original  in  Normandy.  The  monks  of  St.  Stephen's  of  Caen  are  to  enjoy 
arc  ives.)  ^^l  their  privileges,  houses,  and  rents  at  Rouen,  Avranches, 
and  Dives,  as  the  charter  of  Robert  de  Novo  Burgo  witnesses 
they  proved  their  right  (disracionaverunt)  to  them  in  his 
[Henry's]  court  before  him  [Robert]  and  the  king's  barons; 
and  at  Caen  they  are  to  enjoy  the  same  privileges  as  the  charter 

'  Omitted  in  Transcript,  of  whicli  the  text  is  here  corrupt. 
2  Trans.  :  "Londonera." 
'  See  Palgrave's  English  Commonwealth  II.,  clxxxiii.  for  this  agreement. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  CAEN.       161 

[1156-1159,] 

o£  the  bisbop  of  Evreux  witnesses  to  have  been  proved  in  his 
(the  king's)  court.     And  no  one  is  to  wrong  them  therein. 

Teste  Pbilippo  Baiocensi  episcopo  per  Regin[aldum]  Warwic. 
Apud  Cadumiim. 

[1166-1174.]        455.  Charter  of.  Hugh  earl  of   Chester  granting,   by   per- 

(Originai  in  archives,  mission  and  with  the   assent  of  his  lord  king  Henry,  for  the 

Norin^dierfo.  146.  ^^^^  °^  ^^^  ^°"^  ^^^  those  of  his  predecessors,  the  gift  which  his 

Trans.  Vol.  I.      predecessor,  Ranulf  vicomte  of  Bayeux  made  to  St.  Stephen's, 

fo.  178.)         Caen  of  all  the  land  which  he  held  in  Brittivilla  Orgoillosa  with 

the  share  of  the  church  appurtenant,  and  the  tenants  {coloni) 

and  freeman  (liberi  homines)   thereof  ;  also  the  church  of  Eoe- 

,villa  with  its  alleu  and  whole  tithe,  as  in  king  William's  charter. 

Testibus :  Gisleberto  episcopo   Lundoniensi^ ;  B-icardo  archi- 

diacono      Pictaviensi ;     Walerano     archiadiacono     Baiocensi ; 

magistro  Radulfo   de    Than[wrde]^ ;  Willelmo   de  Mandevllla 

comite  de  Essessia ;  Willelmo  comite  de  Arundel ;  Hugone  de 

Longocampo;  Reginaldo  de   Curtenay;  Johanne   de  Waureio; 

Hachet  de  Ridefort^ ;    Ranulfo   de   Grandivalle ;    Gaufrido  de 

Constantino ;    Rogero    de    Livet ;    Ranulfo    de   Glainvilla,   et 

Germano*  scriptore  regis,  et  Willelmo  clerico  meo,  et  pluribus 

aliis,  apud  Chivilly. 

1171.  456.  Notification^   that    in    the    year    1171,   William    de 

(Original  in  archives.  Abovilla,  with  consent  of  Henry  his  eldest  son,  gave  in  alms 

T^ans  "^Vol"!       ^^^  ®^®^'  ^  ^^^  abbey  of  St.  Stephen's,  Caen  all  his  right   of 

fo.  179.)  presentation  to  the  church  of  Bretteville  Orgeillosa  and  the 

chapel  of  Putot,  and  placed  that  gift  on  St.  Stephen's  altar,  and 

made  corporal  oath  on  the  gospels  that  he  would  never  make 

any  claim  thereto,  against  the  abbot  and  monks,  but  would 

warrant  it  to  them  to  the  utmost  of  his  power,  and   without 

their  sending  him  his  expenses ;  and  for  this  gift  abbot  William 

and  the  monks  gave  William  30  pounds  of  Anjou.      This  was 

done  in  the  presence  of  king  Henry,  and  of  the  bishops  Arnulf  of 

Lisieux,  Froger  of  Seez,  Goscelin  of  Salisbury,  and  of  the  king's 

justices  William  de  Sancto  Johanne  and  William  de  Corceio, 

and  of  Thomas  archdeacon  of  Bayeux,  representing  Henry  bishop 

of  Bayeux,  and  confirming  the  agreement  with  his  own  seal. 

Testibus  etiam  :  Herberto  precentore ;  Galerano  archidiacono ; 
et  Rogerio  de  Ame,  et  Johanne  archidiacono  Sagiensi,  et 
Johanne  archidiacono  liuxoviensi,  et  aliis;  Willelmo  de 
Glainvilla ;  Willelmode  Humeto  ;  Ricardo  filio  comitis ;  Willelmo 
Crasso ;  Ranulfo  de  Grand  val;  Roberto  de  Vein,  et  Willelmo 
fratre  suo,  et  Robert  de  Aniseio. 

[1168-1190.]        457.  Charter    of  Robert   earl   of    Leicester   confirming   to 

(Original  in  archives.  St.  Stephen's  abbey,  Caen,  and  the  monks  there  serving  God, 

fo^'lTs")         '  ^°^  *^®  ^^^^  ^^  ^^^  ^°^^  ^^'^  those  of  his  predecessors,  of  the 

countess  Petronilla  his  wife  and  of  his  children,  a  turner  in  his 

forest  of  Breteuil  to  make  them  dishes  and  cups  (ciphos)  for  the 

'  Trans.:  "  Lundoni."  =  lb..-  "Than";  Cart.  :   "Tam[wrda]." 

'  Cart. ;  "  Bidefort."  "  Cart.  :  "  Gervasio." 

*  Styling  itself  "  Litis  divisio." 
e     92684.  L 


1^62  ,  ABBEY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  CAEN. 

[1168-1190.] 

use  of  their  house,  as  free  as  his  own  turner  in  that  forest,  or 
anyone  else's. 

Testibus :  Rogerio  de  Campana ;  Hamone  de  Hotot ;  Regi- 
naldo  de  Haya ;  Willelmo  de  Bellagrava ;  magistro  Hugone 
clerico  meo ;  Gaufrido  de  Dovra ;  Halano  de  Cheus ;  Luca 
Pincerna ;  Herherto  de  Luzay. 

[1169-1180.]        458.  Charter  of  Henry  If.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Collated  copy  in  the  Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.    He  gives  to  the  abbey 

arc  nes.;         (^ecclesie)  of  St.  Stephen,  Caen  and  its  monks  one  day's  fair, 

yearly  on  St.  Stephen's  day  next  after  Christmas,  receiving  all 

the  dues  on  that  day  from  those  who  come  to  it  and  return. 

Testibus  H[enrico]  episcopo  Baiocensi ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto 
constabulario  ;  Willelmo  de  Albinneio  ;  Roberto  "de  Briwecurt ; 
Roberto  de  Stutevilla.     Apud  Cadomum. 

[1174-1182.]        459.  Charter  of  Richard  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  primate 
(Original  in  archives,  of  all  England,  confirming  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Stephen's,  Caen 
'^fo^isi')  ^^^  ^^^  possessions  etc.,  in  the  province  of  Canterbury,  namely 

the  manor  of  Northam  and  its  church,  with  Aisserugia,  a 
member  of  that  manor;  in  Dorset,  Frantona  and  Biencoma 
with  its  church ;  in  Berchesire,  at  Henreth,^  seven  hides  of 
land ;  in  Dorset  Bridetone  ;  in  Essex  Penfeld,  given  by  Waleran 
son  of  Ranulf,  with  the  whole  tithe  of  Tiedesham,  Clesingham, 
Folebornia,  Aelivaleio  and  Bures,  and  with  an  estate,  within 
London,  ia  Wodestre ;  also  the  church  of  Morton  and  the  tithe 
of  the  demesne  of  William  de  Abracense,  from  his  mill,  pannage, 
cheese,  calves,  poults  {pullis),  apples,  nuts,  and  other  tithes 
belonging  to  that  church,  according  to  William's  charter  ;  also 
the  messuage  of  John  the  chaplain,  near  the  churchyard,  with 
the  adjacent  flax -ground  (iinaria)  of  William's  gift ;  in  Norfolk 
the  manor  of  Welles  and  the  church  of  St.  Nicholas  of  Gaiton 
etc. ;  further,  the  churches  of  Frantona^ ;  Biencombe,  Wittrem- 
burna,  Abbetescomba,  saving  the  bishop's  dues,  in  accordance 
with  the  charter  of  Joseelin  bishop  of  Salisbury.*  All  is  to  be 
held  in  accordance  with  the  benefactors'  charters,  which  he  has 
seen  and  handled  with  his  own  hands.  Curses  on  those  who 
infringe  this  grant. 

Testibus :  Walterio  RofTensi*  episcopo  ;  magistro  Petro 
Bleseeno  archidiacono  Bathon[iensi]' ;  Moise"  capellano,  magistro 
Rogerio  de  Roulvestro  ;  Henrico  Baiocense ;  Johanne  capellano ; 
Roberto  de  Bathwento ;  Willelmo  Sottewaine,  et  aliis  multis. 

1190,  20  March.      460.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  granting  to  St.  Stephen's,  Caen, 
(Originil  in  archives,  and  the  monks  there  serving  God,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul 
^'fo^m^t         ^^^  those  of  his  father  and  mother  and  his  kinsmen  and  pre- 
decessors, all  the  following  gifts,  purchases,  exchanges,  recoveries, 
concords,  and  all  rightful  acquisitions  made  in  the  time  of  his 

father  king  Henry  and  his  own :  namely'  etc of 

the  gift  by  Robert  de  Haia  to  St.  Stephen's  of  all  his  holding 

1  Trans.  :  "Hevreth."  2  Trans.  ;  "Francona." 

'  Trans.  .  "  Joselis  Gareshi."  ■•  Trans.  ;  "  Eofo." 

°  Trans.  -.  "Bathone."  *  Trans.:  "Morse." 

'  A  great  nuinher  of  late  and  very  small  grants  of  land  iu  If OTni.")ndy  follow. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  CAEK.  163 


1190. 

in  the  forest  etc.,  saving  the  rents  and  services  due  to  the  lord 
of  whose  fee  was  the  holding ;  also  the  gift  by  Hugh  Malbeenc 
and  Ascelina  his  wife  of  the  said  tenement  held  of  them  by 

Robert ; the   gift   by  Hugh  Paganellus,  his 

Avife  and  sons,  of  11   acres  in   Hastellonda  near  Faihilleium  ; 

the  gift,  by  William  Tresgoz  and  Robert  his 

son,  of  a  vavassor  at  Siccavilla ; also  the  pur- 
chases and  recoveries  etc.  by  abbot  William  in  the  time  of  king 

Henry who  recovered  the  land  of  Eschelinus 

from  the  earl  of  Gloucester and  a  villein's 

holding  (villenagiuin)  at  Brachevilla  from  Geoffrey  earl  of 
Mandevilla  [on]  giving  him  ten  pounds,  and  the  land  of 
Brittivilla  superba  etc. — formerly  given  by  Ranulf  vicomte  of 
Bayeux  to  St  Stephen's — [on]  giving  him  50  pounds  Angevin 
and  two  palfreys,  the  church  of  Seun  from  William  de  Abovilla 
and  Robert  de  Seun  who  claimed  its  presentation,  [on]  giving 
William  30  pounds  of  Anjou  and  10  to  Robert ;  also  the  release 
to  him  by  Ralf  tiericius  of  Combraium  and  Ralf  de  Combraio 
his  son  [on]  his  giving  them  40^  shillings  of  Anjou  etc. 
and  by  the  two  nephews  (nepotibus)  of  Geoffrey  de  Clinton  of 
the  rights  they  claimed  in  Francavilla,  for  40  shillings  of  Anjou 

etc.  etc 

Testibus  :  Walterio  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo  ;  W^[illelmo] 
Eliensi  episcopo  cancellario  nostro ;  Henrico  Baiocensi,  Radulfo 
Lexoviensi,  Willelmo  Constauciensi,  Johanne  Ebroicensi, 
episcopis  ;  Willelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Willelmo  filio 
Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie.  Datum  per  manum  <To!innnis  de 
Alencone  Lexoviensis  archidiaconi  vice-cancellarii  nostri,  apud 
Rothomagum  xx.  die  martii  regni  nostri  anno  primo. 

1190.  461.  Charter  of  Robert  de  Gouiz,  notifying  that  he  gives  to 

(Original  in  archives.  St.   Stephen's,  Caen  and  the   monks   there   serving   God   the 
^ir'i95 )  ^'     church  of  St.  Machutus  of  Moan  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and 
[those]  of  his  kinsmen,  predecessors,  and  lords. 

Hoc  autem  factum  est  in  plena  assisia  apud  Cadomum  et 
relatum  ad  scaccarium  domini  regis,  et  in  rotulis  annotatum, 
presente  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  tunc  senescallo  Normannie,  anno 
ab  incarnatione  domini  mocxc".  Testibus  domino  Roberto  electo 
Wirecestrie ;  Radulfo  Taisson ;  Willelmo  Taisson ;  Roberto 
abbate  Fontaneti ;  Rogerio  de  Arry ;  Ansquetillo ;  Willelmo 
Tolmer ;  Roberto  de  Bernaio ;  Radulfo  de  Lexovio ;  Waltero 
Anglico ;  Willelmo  Calviz ;  Roberto  de  Livet ;  Ricardo  filio 
Henrici ;  Radulfo  scriptore ;  Rogero  de  Siceavilla ;  Rogero  de 
Gouiz ;  Thoma  MalfiUastre ;  Rogero  Suhart ;  Johanne  de 
Fontaneto ;  Willelmo  de  Callouey ;  Roberto  filio  Brite ;  Radulfo 
de  Mundrevilla  ;  Philippo  de  Siceavilla ;  Gaufrido  de  Galomance ; 
Roberto  de  Garsale ;  Roberto  filio  Hugonis ;  Ada^  et  Serlo[ne] 
de  Carpiquet,  et  aliis  multis. 

1200,  7  June.  462.  Charter  of  John  in  favour  of  St.  Stephen's,  Caen. 
(Original in  D'Anisy'sp-^^^g^  in  Rotuli  Cartarum  I.  69,  but  without  the  last  two 
Tmns-mLfo-lat)  witnesses  :— "  Petro  de  Pratellis  ;  Ricardo  de  Reveriis." 

'  Trans.  ;   "  Adam." 

h  2 


164 


ABBEY   OF   ST.   MARTIN,  TROARN, 

FOR    BENEDICTINE    MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OE    BAYEUX. 

"  [Original  BocuTnents,  Charter-foU,  Cartulary,  and  "Liber 
Rubeus,"  in  Archives  of  the  Calvados ;  Original  Bocuments  in 
Archives  of  the  Manche ;  Cartulary  in  Bibliotheque  Rationale, 
MS.  Lat.  10,086.1] 


1069  (?).  463.  iSTote  of  the  properfcj'  (res)  of  St.  Martin  of  Troarti, 

(Cartulary  of  Troarn,  which  earl  Roger  willed  to  be  written  down  and  presented   for 

Trans  Vol  III     confirmation  at  the  hand  of  king  William.     E^irst,  all  Troarn 

fo!  320.)         etc And  because  (quia)  he  was  about  to  cross  the 

sea  with  the  king,  the  earl  added  on  All  Saints'  day,  at  the 
suggestion  of  his  lieges  and  the  request  of  the  monks,  the  whole 
sluice  (sclusa)  of  Troarn  from  land  to  land,  giving  it  to  St. 
Martin  and  ordering  it  to  be  entered  on  this  charter.  Next, 
all  his  share  of  Bures,  saving  his  mother's  share,  in  land  and 

wood,  etc and  the  land  of  Geoffi-ey  called  the  fool 

(stultus)  in  consideration  of  (pro)  which  [land]  Geoifrey  was 
made  a  monk  in  St.   Martin's  monastery     ....     and  the 

land  recently  given  by  Eoger  Tanetin   etc The 

gifts  of  the  king  and  his  barons  are  as  follows  : —  .... 
in  Gourbesville  (Ooisbertivilla)  the  land  of  Alvred  Malbenhenc 
etc.  ....  And  what  the  king's  barons  granted  before 
him  is  this^ : — Eoger  de  Belmont  gave  a  carucate  (carrum) 
in  Brotona  with  pasture  for  St.  Martin's  swine  ....  At 
Lingronia  William  de  Columberiis  gave  the  whole  church,  with 
a  third  of  the  tithe,  for  his  son  William  made  a  monk  in  St. 
Martin's  monasteiy.  At  Tallivilla,  Turstin  de  Croilleio,  William 
de  Columberiis,  Koscelin  son  of  Herald,  Robert  son  of  Rainfred, 
Richard  vicmnte  of  Avranches,  have  given  all  they  held,  for  the 

weal  of  their  lord  and  of   their   souls,   etc Odo 

bishop  of  Bayeux  has  given  all  episcopal  dues  from  that  vill 
and  its  church,  and  the  king  has  gladly  granted  it,  and  bis 

1  This  13th  cent.  Cartulary  was  bought  by  M.  Frederic  Galeran  from  the  heirs 
of  Abbe  dc  la  Hue,  a  well-known  Norman  antiquary,  and  bequeathed  by  hira  to 
M.  le  Prerost,  who  presented  it,  in  1843,  to  the  Bibliothfeque  Nationale.  It  was 
not  used  by  M.  d'Anisy,  and  it  differs  wholly  in  arrangement  from  the  Cartulary 
of  Troarn  at  Caen,  with  which  its  text  has  been  collated  by  the  Editor. 

'^  Ths  transcript,  following  the  Cartulary,  is  wrongly  punctuated,  and  should 
run : — "  et  ista  sunt  de  propriis  regis  Willelmi :  que  vero  dederunt  eoclesie  Sancti 
Martini  barones  ejus  et  coram  eo  concesserunt,  hec  sunt." 


ABBEY  OF  TEOAEN".  165 


1069  (I) 

barons.  And  William  de  Columberiis  has  given  the  whole  tithe 
of  everything  there  belonging  to  him,  etc 

Confirmation  by  William  duke  of  the  Normans  and  king  of 
the  English  of  all  the  above  endowment  etc.,  as  granted  by  him 
and  his  lieges,  in  the  presence  and  with  the  witness  of  those  of 
his  lieges  who  are  present,  etc 

[Signa]  regis  Willelmi  Anglorum  ;  Mathildis  regine ;  Johannis 
archiepiscopi ;  Odonis  episcopi  Baiocensis ;  Hugonis  Luxoviensis 
episcopi ;  Rogeri  de  Montegomerio  ;  Rotberti  comitis  filii  regis  ; 
Rotberti  filii  ipsius  Rogerii ;  Odonis  comitis ;  Ricardi  de  Corcei ; 
Radulfi  de  Montepincion. 

Curses  on  those  who  violate,  and  blessings  on  those  who  up- 
hold this  charter. 

Hec  firmatio  facta  est  a  rege  Willelmo  Anglorum  et  principe 
Normannorum  anno  dominice  Incarnationis  molx.°viiii-^  (sic), 
secundo  vero  ex  quo  unctus  est  et  coronatus.^ 

[1069-1 079.]        464.  Writ  of  William  I.^  addressed  to  J[ohn]  archbishop  [of 
(Roll  "of  1120"  in  Rouen*]  and  G[eoffrey]  bishop  of  Coutances.     He  has  granted 
Trinf  v'oTlIl     *°  ^t.  Martin's,  Troarn  all  the  land  that  Mabel  the  countess 
fo.  324.)  [of  Shrewsbury]  held  of  him  in   England,  with  all  its  appur- 

tenances, to  be  enjoyed  free  of  all  service  and  dues,  for  the  soul 
of  Mabel,  as  he  held  it  himself  on  the  day  he  gave  it.  There- 
fore they  are  to  give  to  St.  Martin  livery  (facite  liherare)  of  all 
that  land. 

[1079-1082.]        465.  Charter  of  Roger  [de  Montgomery],  a  Norman  of  the 
(Cartulary  of      Normans  {ex  Northmannis  Northmanti'us),  son  of  Roger  the 

i^'^n^'^Vol  in      great.    Moved  by  the  gracious  inspiration  of  God  and  the  desire 
fo.  318.)  for  eternal  salvation  (salutis),  and  profiting  by  the  example  of 

many  distinguislied  men  in  the  past,  he  has  resolved  to  con- 
struct, at  Troarn,  a  church  in  honour  of  the  most  blessed 
confessor  [St.  Martin]  and  to  endow  it  with  no  small  part  of 
his  inheritance  for  the  redemption  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his 
relatives,  and  especially  of  his  wife  Mabel  latelj'  deceased" ; 
and  of  his  sons,  namely  [with]  all  Troarn  itself  and  the  whole 

alleu  of  Bures  etc and  the  land  of  Ramberti — 

hulmus  etc which  island  his  son  Philip  holds  etc. 

.  ,  .  .  This  charter  he  is  careful  to  present  to  his  lord 
William  prince  of  the  Normans  and,  by  the  grace  of  God,  king 
of  the  English,  that  it  may  be  confirmed  for  ever  by  his  hand 
(manus  signd)  so  that  he  and  his  noble  wife  and  offspring  may 

share  in  the  eternal  reward  of  this  endowment  etc 

[Signa]  Willelmi  regis;  Mathildis  regine;  Rotberti  comitis 
Northniannorum ;  Willelmi  fratris  ejus;  Rogerii  comitis; 
Rotberti  filii  ejus;  Hugonis,  Rogerii,  Philippi,  Arnulfi 
[filiorum     ejus];    Willelmi    archiepiscopi^;     Odonis     presulis 


Trans. :  "  unctns  et  coronatus  fuit." 

This  roll  is  now  in  the  archives  of  the  Calvados,  but  is  almost  illegible  in  parts. 

'  Wrongly  ascribed  by  D'Anisy  to  William  II.  ■•  If  "  J-"  is  correct. 

'  Also  large  ancient  copy  on  parchment  in  archives. 
«  gaid  to  have  been  assassinated  2  De?.  1082.  '  Succeeded  1079, 


166 


ABBEY  OF  TROARN". 


[1079-1082.] 


Baiocensis ;  Gisleberti  Lisiacensis  episcopi ;  Gisleberti  Ebroi- 
censis  episcopi ;  Eoberti  Sagiensis  episcopi^ ;  Michaelis  Abrinca- 
tensis^  episcopi ;  Rogerii  Belmontensis  vicecomitia ;  Rodberti 
comitis  Mauritanie  (sic) ;  Willelmi  abbatis  Fiscanni ;  Girberti 
abbatis' ;  Nicholai  abbatis  Sancti  Audoeni;  Guntardi  Gemegiensis 
abbatis ;  Manierii  abbatis  Sancti  Ebrulfi ;  Fulconis  abbatis 
Divensis ;  Rotberti  abbatis  Sagiensis ;  abbatis  Cadomensis ; 
Willelmi  abbatis  Cormeliensis ;  abbatis  Deodati  Fontaneti ; 
Anselmi  abbatis  Beccensis  ;  Osberti  abbatis  Bernai. 


[1079-1083.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troain,  fo.  IIG. 

Trans.  Vol.  Ill, 

fo.  323.) 


466.  Charter  of  Herbert  son  of  Geoflfrey,  notifying  his  gift 
to  God  and  Martin  his  saint  at  IVoarn,  out  of  his  inheritance,  of 
the  church  of  St.  Mary  in  Diva  and  15  burgesses  (burgariis) 
and  5  salt-pans  and  the  arable  land  there  called  Chaumont 
(Galvus  mons),  of  which  the  fourth  part  is  his,  first  for  the  soul 
of  count  Robert  the  great  and  of  his  son  William  king  of  the 
English,  his  lord,  and  his  son  Robert  the  second,  then  for  the 
weal  of  his  lord  Roger  [de  Beaumont],  to  whom  these  things 
belong,  and  of  his  wife  and  his  sons,  namely  Henry  and  Robert, 
also  for  the  souls  of  his  own  father  and  mother,  Geoffrey  and 
Adelina,  lastly  for  his  weal  and  the  redemption  of  his  soul. 
He  also  gives  two  salt-pans  at  Touques  (Tolca).  All  these 
endowments  he  has  caused  to  be  inscribed  on  this  little  charter 
(cartiola)  and  to  be  confirmed,  as  is  customary,  by  the  authority 
of  the  above  king  and  the  attestation  (subscriptione)  of  his 
lords  and  other  of  the  faithful,  that  his  gift  may  thus  be  lasting 
and  safe  from  attack  (invasione)  by  the  perfidious. 

Confirmation  and  "  signum  "  of  William  king  of  the  English 
and  prince  of  the  Normans. 

[Signa]  Mathildis  regine ;  Roberti  comitis;  Willelmi*; 
Willelmi  archiepiscopi ;  Odonis  episcopi  Baiocensis ;  Rogerii 
de  Bellomonte ;  Roberti  filii  ejus ;  Henrici  filii  ejus ;  Herberti 
de  Spineta  ;  Matildis  sororis  ejus  et  Ricardi  filii  ejus;  Gisleberti 
episcopi;  Rogerii  comitis;  Rodberti  filii  ejus. 


1092,  Feb. 

(Cartulary  of 
Troarn,  fo.  S6d. 
Trans.  Vol.  HI. 
fo.  323.) 


467.  Charter  of  Roger  Tanetin,  dated  February, "  1092,"Tioti- 
fying  that  he  with  his  sons  and  brothers,  Helias,  Rainfred, 
Turstin,  and  Robert,  have  granted  in  inheritance  and  sold  to 
abbot  Arnulf  and  the  monks  of  St.  Martin's,  Troarn,  the  share 
of  the  church  and  idl  the  land  they  have  hitherto  held  in 
Gislervilla,  for  the  love  of  God  and  for  their  weal  and  that  of 
their  predecessors,  and  in  consideration  of  (propter)  30  pounds 
in  money  of  Le  Mans,  en  the  terms  that  if  one  should  wish  to 
infringe  or  undo  this  agreement  or  sale  in  any  way,  they  are  to 
defend  and  support  it  (tutores  et  adjiUores  sint)  by  every 
means,  and  their  heirs  [also],  with  the  protection  and  defence 
of  earl  Roger  and  his  sons,  the  abbey  being  the  earl's,  and  the 
land  being  of  his  honour  (honore),  the  charter  being  confirmed 
by  him  and  Robert  de  Belesme  his  son. 


>  a.  1082  (?). 


Trans.  :  "  Abrincacensis," 
*  Omitted  in  Trans. 


3  Of  St.  WandriUe, 


ABBEY  OF  TROARN, 


167 


1092. 


Hujus  rei  fidejussores  fuerunt :  Erneisus  filius  "Wenchenel ; 
Herbertus  Gisler  maior ;  Eogerius  de  Scuris.  Ex  parte  Sancti 
Ma,vtmi  testes  fuerunt  hi :  Willelmus  de  Buissuni ;  Goiffredus 
de  Bruere  ;  Serlo  cemeutarius  et  Hugo  filius  ejus ;  Gislebertus 
nepos  abbatis  ;  Godefredus  Baholt  et  Boso  filii  ejus ;  Ricardus 
filius  Walterii  Faber ;  Acardus  sartor ;  Hugo  Cananeiis  et  filii 
ejus ;  Eobeitus  Mala-Radix. 


[1094-1098.] 

(Roll  in  private 

hands ' 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  32.^.) 


468.  Writ  of  William  II.  addressed  to  Walter  the  sheriff 
of  Gloecestra.  Horseleia,  the  land  of  St.  Martin's,  Troarn,  is  to 
be  rated  (rata)  and  quit  at  7  hides  for  all  claims  (querelis)  as  in 
the  time  of  the  king's  father;  and  Walter  is  to  guard  that  land 
that  no  one  may  do  it  wrong. 

Testibus :  Hugone  comite  de  Salopesberia,  et  Roberto  filio 
Hamonis.    Yalete. 


[1100-1106.] 

(Boll  in  private 

hands.' 
Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  326.) 


469.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  Sampson  (8av,s[oni])^ 
bishop  [of  Worcester],  Walter  the  sheriff"  of  Gloecestra,  and  all 
his  barons,  French  and  English,  of  Gloecestra  scira.  He  grants 
to  St.  Martin's,  Troarn  all  that  land  which  Mabel  the  countess 
[of  Shrewsbury]  held  of  his  father  in  England  with  all  its 
appurtenances,  to  be  held  as  quit  of  all  service  and  dues  as  his 
father  granted  for  Mabel's  soul,  and  as  his  father  held  it  on  the 
day  he  gave  it  to  the  countess. 

TestiJbus :  Wald[rico]  cancellario,  et  Roberto  comite  de 
Mellend.    Apud  Westimosterium  (sic)  in  Natale. 


I  [1100-1107.] 

(Boll  in  private 

hands.' 
Trans.  Vol.  III. 
fo.  325.) 


470.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  confirming  to  St.  Martin's, 
Troarn  and  the  monks  there  serving  or  to  serve  God,  for  his 
soul  and  those  of  his  father  and  mother  and  of  all  his  pre- 
decessors, the  endowment  they  possessed  tlnoughout  his  realm 
in  the  time  of  his  father  and  brother,  namely  Rogentona  and 
Haringeia  and  Horsleia  given  by  Roger  earl  of  Shrewsbury'-, 
and  three  hides  at  Waltam  given  by  Herluin  and  the  tithes 
of  Graf  an  and  of  Estretinona  and  two  houses  (inasuras)  in 
Cicestra  and  the  tithe  of  Musetona  given  by  Oismelin  and  the 
tithe  of  Mundreham  given  by  Torstin  de  Fontanis,   and  the 

tithe  of ^  given  by  Ralf  Bastardus,  and  that  [of 

Offham]^  given  by  Aseio.  He  also  grants  the  gift  of  Robert 
de  Rapoliolo,  namely  the  church  of  St.  Andrew,  Witenehet 
with  the  priest's  land  and  the  tithes  belonging  to  the  vill,  and 
that  of  Mapelel  ....  with  the  priest's  land,  and  one 
ploughland  with  the  meadows  appurtenant,  and  the  tithe  of  the 
villj  and  that  of  Mollenda  with  the  priest  and  the  tithes  of  tlic 
manor  and  one  plough[land]  with  meadow  and  three  tenants 
(hospites)  with  their  land,  and  one  in  Espicevine  and  the  church 
of  Warocle  with  the  tithes  which  Robert  gave  the  saint. 

[Signa]    Henrici    regis ;     Mathildis    regine  ;      Roberti    filii 
Hamonis;     Johannis     episcopi    Batuensis;      Radulfi     episcopi 


t  See  note  supra,  p.  165.      ^  Xrans. :  »  Sanxoni  "  in  error.        ^  Boll  injured  here. 


168 


ABBEY  OF  TEOARN. 


[1100-1107.] 

Cicestrensis  ;  Mauricii  episcopi  Londinensis^ ;  Herbert!  episcopi 
Tetfordensis ;  Robert!  episcopi  Oestreusis ;  Gondulfi  episcopi 
Eofensis  ;  Hamonis  dapiferi ;  Richard[i]  filii  Rogerii  comitis  ; 
Willelmi  camerarii ;  Walterii  Gifart,  et  pluribus  aliis  (sie). 

1103,  7  June.        471,  Charter  of    Henry   de    Columberiis,  granting    to    St. 
(Cartulary  of  Troarn,  Martin's,  Troam,  all  that  his   fatber  William  had  given  and 
MS.lat.  fo.  ao.    g^'anted,  before  he  went  on  crusade  {Jerosolimam  pergeret), 
Trans.  Vol.  III.     from  the  endowments  of  the  church  of  Lingrona,  belonging 
fo.  329.)  Iq  iiig  father  and  himself,  namely  the  third  part  of  the  tithe 

of  the  whole  parish,  of  which,  in  his  life  time,  he  retained  two- 
thirds,  and  the  whole  tithe  of  his  demesne  {proprie)  land  and 
his  plough  etc.     .     .  .     Also  the  whole  tithe  of  the  aliens 

of  the  men  at  Talliavilla  as  they  held  it  in  his  father's  time, 
burial,  first  fruits,  and  all  else  belonging  to  the  revenue  of  the 
church. 

Facta  est  autem  hec  donatio  et  concessio  Mociiio  anno  ab 
incarnatione  domini  vij.  idibus  Junii,  die  dominica,  in  capitulo 
Sancti  Martini  Troarni,  presidente  domino  abbate  Arnulfo. 
Testes  de  parte  Henrici :  Mauricius  filius  Willelmi  Talvaz,  et 
Michael  filius  Gisleberti  de  Hantona,  nepotes  ipsius  Henrici ; 
Willelmus  Pepin  filius  Fulcheredi  de  Cadomo  ;  Anschetillus 
dapifer  ejus ;  Robertus  Waspal.  Testes  ex  parte  abbatis :  Ranulfus 
de  Curlibuef ;  Gislebertus  nepos  abbatis ;  Arnulfus  dapifer ; 
Herbertus  Hosat ;  Turstinus  de  Gulet ;  Godefredus  Gutta-auri ; 
Goisfredus  Cochepul. 

To  make  this  grant  of  lasting  effect,  the  abbot  gave  Henry  a 
palfrey  thnt  he  desired,  and  a  marc  of  silver  for  bit  and  saddle. 


[1103-1112.] 

(EoU  in  private 

hands.^ 
Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  326.) 


472.  Writ  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  Sampson  (Sanxoni)  bishop 
of  Worcester  and  Walter  de  Gloecestra  and  all  his  barons  and 
ofiicers,  French  and  English  of  Gloecestre-scira.  Henceforth 
the  10  hidts  of  the  manor  of  Horseleia  are  to  acquit  themselves 
for  7  hides  from  all  gelds,  things  {rchus),  and  scots. 

Teste  Rogero  episcopo  Salesberie. 


[1100-1109.]  473,  Charter  of  Robert  son  of  Haimon  granting  to  St.  Martin 

(Boll  in  private  etc.  [as  in  No.  475].  This  he  does  by  permission  of  Henry  king  of 

Tracs^Vo^i  HI.  ^^^  English  and  Sanson  bishop  of  Worcester.  May  he  who  shall 

fo.  327.)  violate  this  be  excommunicated  by  God. 


riioo-1109.] 

ilbid.) 


[1100-1112.] 

(EoU  in  private 

hands.' 
Tians.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  326.) 


474.  Testification  by  Sampson  (Sanxo)  bishop  of  Worcester, 
that  Robert  son  of  Haimon,  with  permission  of  the  king  .and  of 
himself,  has  granted  etc.  [as  in  No.  475].  This  is  done  solemnly, 
so  that  anyone  who  may  thenceforth  violate  it  may  know  that 
he  is  transfixed  by  the  sword  of  anathema. 

475.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  Sampson  bishop  [of 
Worcester]  and  Walter  the  sheriff  and  all  his  barons  both 
French  and  English  of  Gloecestrascira.  He  grants  to  St.  Martin's, 
Troarn    the  monastery  and    parish  of    Horseleia,    absolutely 


'  Trans. ;  "  Londoni." 


See  note  supra,  p.  165. 


ABBEY  OF  TROARN, 


169 


[1100-1112.] 


1105. 

(Cartulary  of 

Tioam.  fo.  94d. 

Trans.  Vol.  HI. 

fo.  33U.) 


111.5[  ?] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  49. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  41. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  330.) 

[1100-1114.J 
(Original  [or 


free  from  subjection  to  the  church  and  parish  of  Havelinges, 
as  the  church  and  parish  of  Havelinges  is  free  from  subjection 
to  the  church  and  parish  of  Horseleia,  so  that  these  parishes 
and  churches  may  owe  no  subjection  one  to  the  other. 

Testibus :  Roberto  comite  de  Mellent,  et  Roberto  capellano  de 
Rotomago. 

476.  Notification  that  after  Lancelin  son  of  Osmond  the 
priest,  returned  from  Jerusalem,  in  the  jear  1105^  the  second 
Sunday  after  the  octaves  of  Pentecost,  he  entered  the  chapter 
[house]. of -Troarn  and  granted  the  monks  the  whole  tithe  of  the 
vioibstier  (monasterii)  of  Airam  etc.  .  .  .  and  three  acres 
of  land  for  the  soul  of  his  brothers,  who  had  died  on  pilgrimage 

(in  via  Dei)  etc And,  for  this  grant,  he  brought 

forward  his  wife  (domina)  Agnes,  of  whose  inheritance  it  was, 
and  earnestly  besought  her  to  grant  it  of  her  own  accord.  And 
she  raising  her  voice,  said,  in  the  hearing  of  all :  "  I  gladly  grant 
"  [it]  to  God  and  St.  Martin,  and  will  cause  it  to  be  confirmed 
"  (annexare)  by  my  sons." 

Test[es]  :  Ernaldus  de  Stochis  et  plures  alii. 

477.  Charter  of  Henry  I.'  giving  to  St.  Martin's,  Troarn  and 
St.  Mary  of  Cella,  the  church  of  Vire  {GasLrmn  Vire),  and 
other  benefactions  [specified]  in  Normandy. 

Signura  Ricardi  comitis  Cestrensis. 

478.  Charter  of  William  count  of  Evreux  and  his  wife 
Helvisa  addressed  to  all  [their]  lords  and  friends,  clerk  and 


lr!hi°esTcIwlZZ lay-     For  the  weal  of  their  predecessors,  their  lords,  themselves 

Cartulary  of        their  sons  and   all  their  successors,  they  give  to  St.  Martin's, 

Troarn,  fo.  82.      Troarn  for  ever  all  the  parishioners  of  the  bourg  constructed  at 

'^^fo328)  Waravilla,  about   St.   German's    church,  which    they  held    in 

exchange,  for  their  demesne  (propriis)  fields  and  the  land  of 

their  villeins,  from  Robert  their  baron  (nostrum  baronem)  of 

Belfou,  as  Robert  and  his  rmdertenant  (vavassor)   Ralf  gave 

them  to  St.  Martin's.    They  also  give  the  dues  to  which  they  are 

entitled   from  one  burgess  in  that  bourg  etc and 

half  the  tithe  of  the  dishes  (discis)  recently  made  or  to  be  made 
or  to  be  taken  from  the  sea,  as  from  their  own  liind  et-c.     .     .     . 
[Sig-na]  Henrici  dei  gratia  regis  Anglorum  ;  Wiilelmi  comitis 
Ebroicensis ;  Helvise  comitisse. 


[Giro.  1 1 30.]         479.  Wi-it  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  his  j  ustices,  sheriff's,  and 

(Original  in  private  officers  throughout  England  and  Normandy,  especially  of  the 

^■''"Trans^VoL  I1L°'  seaports.      The   wholy   corrody  and   all   the  property  of  the 

fo!  327.)  monks   of   Troarn    (Trvxirdo),   that    their    men    can    declare 

(affidare)  to  be  for  their  own  food  and  clothing,  is  to  be  free  of 


1  The  MS.  lat.  (but  not  the  Cartulary)  combines  Eichard  earl  of  Chester  with  him 
here. 

2  Now  in  archives  of  the  Calva'los.     Part  of  the  document,  including  the  king's 
name,  is  torn  off. 


170  ABBEY  OF  TEOARN. 

[Circ.  1130.] 

toll  and  passage  [money]  and  every  due  throughout  Engl 
and  Normandy.     Ten  pounds  penalty  for  infringement. 

Testibus'  :    R[oberto]  de  Ver  et  Johanne  Mariscallo^  aj 
Cadomum, 


[1155.]  480.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  granting  to   the   abbey  of   St. 

Circ.  30  Sept.  Martin  and  the  monks  there  serving  God  all  the  gifts  rightfully 

(Cartulary  ot      made  to  them  in  England  and  Normandy,  as  they  held  them 

Liber°Ril'eus  io  13  ^^  *^®  *^™®  °^  ^^^  great  grandfather  king  William  and  his 

Trans.  Vol.  III.    grandfather  king  Henry,  etc In  Goisbertivilla  the 

fo.  337.)  land  of  Alvered  Malbenhenc  etc     ....     Of  the  gift  of  his 

grandfather  king  Henry,  and  of  Richard  earl  of  Chester,  the 
church  of  Vire  {Gastro-Vire)  with  all  its  appurtenances,  and  the 
tithe  of  all  the  rents  belonging  to  that  castle,  namely  from  mills, 
ovens,  toll,  and  lands.  Of  the  gifts  of  barons,  by  permission 
of  king  William,  Roger  de  Bellomonte  gave  them  a  cart  [load] 
in  the  forest  of  Broctona,  and  free   pannage  for  their  swine 

there  etc and  all  that  has  been  given  them  in  the 

vill  of  Lingruna  of  the  fee  and  gift  of  William  de  Columberiis 
and  his  men,  Robert  son  of  Hamo  and  his  men,  Jordan  de  Say 
and  his  men,  Geoffrey  de  Constantino  and  his  men ;  several 
lands  in  Bemiferes  (Bernerie)  of  the  gift  of  Roger  de  Curcella, 
his  heirs  and  his  men  etc     .     .     •     Of  the  gift  of  Adelicia,  sister 

of  Robert  de  Komilleio  5  acres  of  land  etc of  the 

gift  of  Ranulf  de  Prateriis  in  England  at  Dalbeia  and  Hole- 
sheia,  two  thirds  of  the  tithe  in  crops  (segetibus)  a.nd  the  tithe  of 
"  mala  "  (s'ic)'and  flocks  and  cheeses  and  fleeces,  from  the  demesne, 
and  the  messuage  of  Seward  the  brewer  {Braciatoris)  etc  .  . 
Of  the  gift  of  Walter  de  Meduana  and  bis  wife,  and  his  sons 
Hamelin   and  Juhel,  all  his  rights  in  the  church  of  Muscampe 

etc Of  the  gift  of  William  de  Traceio,  the  mill  of 

Trebuchet  and  the  tithe  of  his  mills  of  St  Vigor ;  of  the  gift  of 
Richard  de  Novilla  and  of  AVilliam,  the  church  of  Novilla  etc. 
....  Of  that  of  Roger  de  Laceio,  the  church  of  St.  Stephen 
de  Rupe  and  a  villein  with  60  acres  of  land  ;  of  that  of  Walter 
de  Meduana  the  tithe  of  the  oven  and  mill  at  Fontenay  Paynel 
(Fagunelli)  etc.  .  .  .  And  in  England,  of  the  gift  of  earl 
Roger  of  Montgomery,  the  whole  land  of  Rogentona,  with  its 
men  and  appurtenances ;  in  Harengereia,  land  and  men ;  in 
Walteham,  three  hides  of  land  ;  tithes  in  Graf  an  and  Estremeton ; 
and  in  Chichester,  two  messuages  and  the  church  of  St.  Cyriac ; 
and  at  Merseton  tithes  ;  and  at  Offham  {Olfam)  tithes.  The 
abbey  and  the  monks  there  serving  God  are  to  enjoy  all  the 
foregoing,  etc.  etc. 

Testibus  :  Theobaldo  Canthuariensi  archiepiscopo,  et  Johanne 
Wirecestrensi  episcopo,  et  Gisleberto  Herefordensi  episcopo,  et 
Thoma  cancellario,  et  Willelmo  fratre  regis,  et  Roberto  com'ite 
Legrecestrie,  et  Willelmo  comite  Glocestrie,  et  Raginaldo 
comite   Cornubie,    et   Henrico    de    Essexa   conestabulario,   et 


'  Trans.  :  "Teste."  ^  Trans.  :   "  Johanne  de  Mara"  in  error. 

^  roUowed  by  an  Inspeximus  of  this  charter  by  Louis  of  France  in  1269. 


ABBEY  OF  TEOARN. 


171 


[1155.] 


Ricardo  de  Hume[to]'^  conestabul[ari]o,  et  Ricardo  de  Lucy,  et 
Roberto  filio  comitis  Legrecestrie,  et  Manosserio  Biset  dapifero, 
efc  Warino  filio  Geroldi  camerario,  et  Roberto  de  Dunestanvilla, 
et  Gocelyno  de  Baillolo,  et  Henrico  de  Oilly,  et  Willelmo  de 
Lannalem,^  et  Willelmo  de  Bellocampo.     Apud  Wirecestriam.* 


[1155-7.] 
(Quasi-original' 
in  archives  of 

Calvados.) 


481.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  All  that  the  monks  of  Troarii 
buy  or  sell,  is  to  be  quit  of  toll  throughout  his  land  in 
accordance  with  the  charter  of  king  Henry  his  grandfather. 
Ten  pounds  penalty  for  infringement. 

Testibus  Theobaldo  Cantuariensi  archiepiscopo,  et  Johanna 
Wigornensi  episcopo.     Apud  Wirecestrpam]. 


[1167-1174.J 

(Cartulary  of 
Troaru,  fo.  7. 
Liber  Rubeus, 

fo.  \6d. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  345.) 


482.  Charter  of  Henry  II,  notifying  that  the  dispute 
between  the  abboy  of  Troarn  and  count  John  [of  Ponthieu]  has 
been  thus  settled  before  him :  abbot  Gilbert  and  the  convent 
of  the  abbey  have  quitclaimed  to  count  John  and  his  lieirs 
the  whole  manor  of  Remberthomme  and  the  tithe  of  the  forest 
of  Guffern,  from  Vinaz.  And  count  John  has  granted  to  the 
abbey  the  tithe  of  the  toll  of  Montgomery  {MonsgoTnerlci)  aud 
the  holding  of  the  sons  of  Roisa  at  Troarn,  and  all  those 
named  in  the  charters  of  the  abbey,  which  it  has  from  count 
Roger,  count  John's  predecessor,  in  wood  and  plain,  etc.  And 
the  count  has  placed  tliat  abbey  in  his  [Henry's]  keeping  etc., 
quit  of  all  service  etc.,  to  him  and  his  heirs.  This  agreement 
between  them,  therefore,  as  made  in  his  presence,  is  to  have 
lasting  effect. 

Testibus:  R[otrodo]  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  R[ogero] 
archipiscopo  Eboracensi  ;  Henrico  episcopo  Baiocensi  ;  A[rnulfo] 
episcopo  Lexovien si;  R[icardo]  episcopo  Constanciensi;  R[icardo] 
episcopo  Abrincatensi ;  H[enrico]  abbate  Fiscanni;  R[adulfo] 
abbate  de  Monteburgo ;  R[icardo]  abbate  Valacie ;  V[ictore] 
abbate  Sancti  Georgii  de  Bauchervilla ;  Richardo  de  Humeto 
constabulario  ;  Willelmo  de  Curci  dapifero ;  Fulcone  Paenelio ; 
Willelmo  filio  Hamonis ;  Ricardo  de  Canvilla" ;  Seihero  de 
Quincy.     Apud  Valon[ias].* 


[1184-1188.]        483.  Writ   of  Henry   II.  addressed   to   the   archbishop   of 
(Original  in  archives  Eouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.    The  prior  of  St.  Alary 's, 
of  Calvados.        Briweton  and  the  canons  regular  there  serving  God  and  all 
their  possessions  are  under  his  protection.     They  are,  therefore, 

to  guard  them  as  his  own,  etc and  they  are  not 

to  be  impleaded  for  any  holding  in  Normandy  except  before 
himself. 
Teste  Willelmo  clerico  de  camera,  apud  Merlebergam. 


Cartulary  of  Troarn, 

fo.  23. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  139. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  34S.) 


'  Trans.  :   "  Humetis."  ^  Rectius  :  "  Lanvalein." 

3  Sic    in    an    Inspeximus     (fo.    6(/),    and    "  Virecestriam "     on    fo.    id,    but 
"  Wincestriam  "  on  fo.  1  %d  of  Livre  rouge.  ,  , 

*  The  character  of  the  writing  throws  doubt  on  the  authenticity  of  this  writ. 
Nor  13  it  entered  in  the  Cartularies.  . 

s  Trana.  :  "  Cauvilla,"  "  Trans.  :  "  Valoniam," 


172 


ABBEY  OF  TEOAEIf. 


1190, 19  June. 

(Cartulary  of 
Troarn,  fo.  lOlrf. 
MS.  lat.,  fo.  111. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 
fo.  355.) 


1190. 

(Cartulary  of 

Troain,  fo.  lOOd. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  354.) 


434.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  confirms 
to  St.  Martin's,  Troarn  and  the  monks  there  serving  God  the  vill 
and  island  of  Reimberhome  etc.,  with  the  right  of  presentation 
to  the  church  of  St.  Mary  there,  as  given,  with  his  assent,  by 
John  son  of  William  count  of  Ponthieu,  etc. 

Testibus :  Willelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Ricardo  de 
Humeto  ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie  ;  Roberto 
de  H'arec[ort]i ;  "Willelmo  de  Sancte  Marie  ecclesia,  decano  More- 
tonf  li]^ ;  Kieardo  Britone ;  magistro  Rogero  Malchael ;  "Willelmo 
de  Calviz  ;  Willelmo  de  Ouvilla.  Datum  per  manum  Johannis  de 
Alencono,  Lexoviensis  archidiaconi,  vicecancellarii  nostri,  xix.  die 
Junii,  apud  Chin[onem]  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 

485.  Charter  of  John  son  of  count  William  of  Ponthieu, 
notifying  that,  by  consent  of  Richard  king  of  the  English,  and 
by  that  of  his  eldest  son  John,  and  his  other  sons  Robert  and 
William,  he  gives  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Martin  etc.,  the  vill  and 
island  called  Raimberthome,  etc.  and  the  patronage  of  the 
church  of  St.  Mary,  Raimberthome  etc. 

Hane  autem  donationem  feci  ego  Johannes  filius  Willelmi 
comitis  Pontivi  anno  ab  incarnatione  Domini  Moc°  nonagesimo, 
anno  primo  regni  regis  Anglorum  Ricardi,  per  voluntatem  ipsius, 
et  saisiavi  de  omnibus  predictis  Durandum  abbatem  Troarni  etc. 
ante  Willelmum  filium  Radulfi  senescallum  Normannie  apud 
Cadomum  in  scacario,  presentibus  et  libere  concedentibus  filiis 
meis  Johanne  et  Roberto  et  Willelmo.  Predicti  autem  abbas  et 
monachi  Troarni  videntes  urgentes  necessitates  meas  dederunt 
michi  pro  hac  concessione  mille  et  ducentas  libras  Andegavenses. 
Testibus  :  Hem-ico  episeopo  Baiocensi ;  Henrico  abbate  Sagiensi ; 
Roberto  abbate  Sancti  Andrea  de  Goufern ;  Roberto  archi- 
diacono  de  Notingham ;  Rogero  de  Arreia ;  Roberto  filio  Bernardi 
archidiacono  Baiocensi ;  Philippo  de  Croilleio  ;  Philippo  Suhart ; 
Roberto  de  Briecurt ;  Henrico  de  Teilleio ;  Willelmo  Bacun ; 
Willelmo  de  Augervilla ;  Johanne  filio  Roberti  de  Briecort ; 
Radulfo  Travers ;  Radulfo  de  Rupa  ;  Ricardo  de  Rupa ;  Henrico 
filio  Radulfi  frafcre  domini  Willelmi  senescalli  Normannie ; 
Willelmo  de  Maigneio  ;  Willelmo  de  Calviz  ;  Rainaldo  le  Blaer  ; 
Willelmo  de  Serans ;  Roberto  de  Riha ;  Fulcone  de  Brovilla ; 
Willelmo  de  Escafol ;  Roberto  de  Corcell[is] ;  Hugone  Mainerio ; 
Tlioma  de  Bottemonte  et  pluribus  aliis. 

[1206-1242.]  486.  Inspeximus  by  J[osceline]  bishop  of  Bath  and  Glaston- 
(Roii  in  private  bury,  addressed  to  the  abbots  of  Fdcamp  and  Valmont  and 
Trans^Voi  III     ^'^^  prior  of  Fecamp,  of  the  following  charters : — 

fo.  333.) 

[1142-1153.]  Agreement  between  the  canons  of  Briweton  and  Alexander 
de  Cantclu,  by  which  Alexander  delivers  to  the  canons  in  fee- 
farm  for  ever,  to  be  held  of  him  and  his  heirs,  for  two  marcs 
a  year,  all  his  rights  in  the  town  of  Briweton,  namely,  the 
hundred  and  the  market  and  the  land  of  the  court  (de  la  curia) 


'  Sic  in  Cartulary  and  MS.  lat. ;  "  Harenc  "  in  Trans. 
?  Trans. ;  "Moretonic."  ^  Now  in  argbives  of  the  Calvados. 


ABBEY  OF  TROAElsr.  173 


[114.2-1153.] 

on  the  terms  that  if,  by  war  or  by  being  overpowered, 
Alexander  is  unable  to  warrant  that  land  and  agreement  to  the 
canons,  they  shall  pay  him  nothing  until  he  can  do  so.  And 
they  shall  pursue  their  right  as  they  best  can.  The  agreement 
is  confirmed  on  both  sides  by  pledging  faith  {fide  interposita) 
to  be  kept  without  fraud.  For  it  the  canons  have  given 
Alexander  40  shillings,  and  Ranulf  his  son  and  heir  a  palfrey, 
and  his  wife  a  gold  coin.  And  Alexander  and  Eanulf  bis  son 
and  heir  have  offered  it  on  the  altar. 

Testes  sunt :  Robertus  de  Sumery ;  Robertas  Luvellus ; 
Alverediis  Horder  ;  Segar  de  Breweham ;  Anketil  Milet ;  Helias 
nepos  prioris ;  Eustachius  pastor ;  Walterus  cocus ;  Robertus 
Warham ;  Rogerus  Craba ;  Wulwinus  Strod,  et  Willelmus 
frater  ejus ;  Willelmus  Palmer ;  Hugo  Sochia,  et  Robertus 
frater  ejus ;  Edglaf  de  Estrop  ;  Ricardus  de  Lisewige ;  Willelmus 
Talia,  et  multi  alii. 

[?  1146.]  Charter    of    William    the  chamberlain    de  Tankarvilla  ad- 

dressed to  Robert  bishop  of  Bath.  He  grants  to  the  canons 
of  Briweton  their  brethren  the  lands  which  Alexander  de 
Cantalupi  has  given  then  in  alms,  in  accordance  with  his 
charter,  and  the  virgate  that  Theodoric  de  Meinnil  Malgeri  has 
assigned  to  the  church  of  Briwetone,  and  the  wood  called 
Pinkewod,  and  all  that  the  men  of  his  {nostra)  fee  have  given. 

Testibus :  Stephano  Burdeth  ;  Ricardo  de  Tankarvilla ;  Roberto 
de  Mortuomari,  et  Willelmo  clerico  de  Tankarvilla.  Apud 
Tankarvillam. 

[?  1146.]  Charter  of   R[obert]^  bishop  of  Bath,  reciting  that,  in  the 

year  1146,  Alexander  de  Canteleugave  to  St.  Mary's,  Briwetone, 
for  the  support  of  the  brethren  there  militant  for  God,  half  a  hide 
and  a  quarter  of  land,  of  hia  mherita.nce  {de  jure  hereditario) 
which  Aldetha  and  her  predecessor  Laddel  held  in  his  time  and 
that  of  his  father,  free  of  all  claim  or  service.  At  the  request 
of  Alexander,  he  confirms  this  gift.  May  he  who  assists  the 
brethren  in  preserving  it  receive  reward  and  life  eternal  at  the 
last  judgment.  Anathema  on  him  who  detracts  from  the  gift. 
He  executes  this  charter  in  the  chapter  of  Wells. 

Testibus.  .  .  .  Ivone  ejusdem  ecclesie  decano;  Eustachio, 
Hugone,  Martino  archidiaconis ;  Reginaldo  cantore  et  toto 
capitulo. 

[1150-1161.J  Charter  of  T[heobald]^  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  primate, 
and  legate.  He  confirms  to  the  canons  regular  of  Briwetone 
the  place  where  they  serve  God,  with  all  their  posses- 
sions, ecclesiastical  and  earthly,  which  they  rightfully  and 
canonically  possess,  or  may  obtain  thereafter,  their  present 
possessions  being  these :  the  church  of  Briwetone  with  all  its 
appurtenances,  and  the  land  which  William  de  Moyon  held  in 
that  vill,   with   the  men  and  all  else  that   he   had  there,  in 


1  Tran.s. ;  "  Eicardus  "  in  error.  ^  'jrana. :  "  Thomas." 


174 


ABBEY  OF  TROARN". 


[1150-1161.] 


accordance  with  his  cljarfcer,  the  land  of  Briwenham  also  given 
by  him,  the  church  of  Lochesberge  confirmed  to  them  by 
Robert  bishop  of  Bath,  the  lands  in  the  parish  of  Briwetone, 
given  by  Alexander  de  Cantelu  and  Henry  de  Carevilla,  a 
virgate  of  land  given  by  Wandrille  ( Wandregisilus)  de  Cur- 
cella,  and  Roger  de  Grantona,  and  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of 
Pidecumba  and  Dichenescova  given  by  Geoffrey  de  Kari,  who 
also  gave  a  virgate  of  land  at  Dichenescova  and  another  at 
Hunewica.  All  this  he  confirms  to  them  for  ever,  in  accordance 
with  the  charters  of  the  bishop  of  Bath  and  their  other 
benefactors. 


[Giro.  1160.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  21. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  348.) 


487.  Charter  of  William  de  Moyon  addressed  to  all  his 
men,  French  and  English.  For  the  love  of  God,  and  for  the 
weal  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his  wife  and  relatives,  he  gives 
the  canons  of  Briweton  the  tithe  of  his  cuttlefish  (sejnarwniy 
and  waters  (ewianom)  at  Lyon  in  alms  for  evei'.  And  he 
directs  it  to  be  paid  every  year  without  diminution. 

Testibus  his  :    God[eholda]uxore  mea,  et  Willelmo  filio  meo 
Roberto  Bulian ;  Symone  Britone ;  Hugone  de  Pontechardon ; 
Balduino  clerico,  et  multis  aliis. 


[1142-1160.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  21d. 

MS.  lat.,  fo,  136d. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  348.) 


488.  Charter  of  Guarin,  chaplain  of  the  earl  of  Gloucester, 
addressed  to  Philip  bishop  of  Bayeux  and  all  faithful  [sons]  of 
the  church.  He  notifies  that,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and 
[those]  of  his  father  and  mother  and  relatives,  he  has  given  in 
alms  for  ever  to  St.  Mary's,  Briweton  and  the  canons  there 
serving  God,  and  to  St.  Peter's,  Lyon,  the  whole  of  his  land  at 
Lyon,  at  the  request  and  with  the  assent  of  Robert  his  brother 
and  heir,  and  by  consent  of  his  lord,  William  de  Moyon. 

Testibus  :  Roberto  fratre  meo,  et  Ansketillo  nepote  meo,  et 
multis  aliis. 


[Ci}'c.  1160.] 
(Cartulary  of 
I'roarn,  fo.  21. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  137. 

Traus.  Vol.  III. 
fo.  347.) 


489.  Charter  of  William  de  Moyon  addressed  to  Philip 
bishop  of  Bayeux  and  all  faithful  sons  of  the  church.  He 
grants,  so  far  as  in  him  lies,  to  St.  Mary's,  Briweton  and  the 
canons  regular  there  serving  God,  in  alms  for  ever  the  church 
of  Lyon  with  all  its  appurtenances ;  he  also  grants  them  the 
land  which  master  Guarin  has  given  them,  on  condition  that, 
so  long  as  he  lives  they  shall  perform  to  him,  should  he  require 
it,  the  service  charged  on  that  land,  but,  after  his  death,  shall 
hold  it  free  of  all  demand  and  service. 

Testibus  :  Willelmo  filio  Durandi ;  Willelmo  Britone ;  Hugone 
de  Pontecarde^ ;  Roberto  Bulione ;  Roberto  de  Lyon  ;  Symone 
Britone ;  Willelmo  de  Chetenora ;  [Ricardo  de  Lancheha^] ; 
Radulfo  de  Piro ;  Radulfo  Danesia* ;  Willelmo  Notho ;  Hugone 
Norreis^ ;  Alexandro  de  Badealtona,  et  aliis  multis. 

'  Sic  in  Cartulary.  The  editor  has  the  high  authority  of  M.  Paul  Meyer  for 
so  rendering  the  -word.  It  may  be  observed,  however,  that  the  phrase  "  Bepiarum 
de  batellis  "  occurs  infra  in  a  charter  of  the  Abbey  of  La  Luzerne.  The  context, 
in  both  oases,  would  seem  to  favour  some  net,  or  engine  of  fishery,  rather  than  a 
species  of  fish. 

^  lieotius  :   "  Pontccardon."  '  Omitted  in  Transcript. 

*  "  De  Aniseio  '"  in  Transcript.  '  "  Norueis  "  in  Transcript. 


ABBEY  OF  TROAE]!f. 


175 


[Giro.  1160.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarii,  fo.  21. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  137. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  347.) 


490.  Charter  of  William  de  Moion  addressed  to  all  his 
men,  present  and  future,  notifjdng  that,  for  the  love  of  God, 
and  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his  father  and  his 
men,  he  grants  the  church  of  Lyon,  etc.  uf  siupra. 

Same  witnesses. 


[1163-4.]  491.  Writ    of    Henty   II.   addressed    to    R[otrou]   bishop 

(Original  in  archives  of  Evreux  and  R[eginald]  de  Sancto  Walerico.  The  canons  of 
Briweton  are  to  hold  their  church  of  Lion  with  all  its  appur- 
tenances and  especially  those  12  acres  that  Hubert  de  Perrepont 
gave  as  well,  etc.  as  when  he  last  crossed  the  sea,  and  in  accord- 
jince  with  the  charters  of  Hubert  aud  of  William  de  Moyon. 
And  they  are  not  to  suffer  anyone  to  wrong  them  therein,  for 
all  their  possessions  are  under  his  protection. 

Teste  Ricardo  Pict[aviensi]  archidiacano^  apud  Wigorniam. 


of  Calvados. 

Cartulary  of 

Troaru,  fo.  22d. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  138rf. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  344.) 


[1156-1175.]        492. 

(Original  in  archives  officers 


of  Calvados. 

Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  22d. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  138</. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  344.) 


[N.  D.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troaru,  fo.  SOcf. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  137. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  346.) 


Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  vicomte  and  all 
of  the  Hiesmois  (de  ReiesTno^).     The  priory  (ecclesia) 


[1142-1164.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  21d. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  137d. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  349.) 


of  Briweton  and  the  canons  there  serving  God  and  all  their 
possessions  are  under  his  protection.  They  are  to  hold  them  in 
peace,  especially  the  church  of  Lion,  with  its  tithes  and  all 
other  appurtenances,  and  if  anyone  wrongs  them  therein,  his 
officers  are  to  do  them  full  justice  without  delay.  Unless  they 
do,  his  justice  of  Normandy  is  to  do  so. 
Teste  Ricardo  de  Lucy,  apud  Pictav[um]. 

493.  Charter  of  William  de  Moyon  addressed  to  all  his  men, 
French  and  English.  He  grants  to  his  canons  of  Briweton  for 
the  weal  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  all  his  relatives  [and]  friends, 
the  gifts  which  William  de  Moyon  his  father  made  them  of  the 
church  of  Lyon  with  all  its  appurtenances,  and  especially  the 
lands  which  master  Warin  and  Hubert  the  dapifer  gave  them 
in  alms  ;  and  whatever  other  lands  they  possess  in  the  vill  of 
Lyon  he  grants  to  them  free  [of  claim].  He  also  grants  them 
the  same  liberty  and  dues  from  (m)  their  mea  on  sea  and  land, 
in  harbour  in  boats  (levibus),^  in  fish,  as  he  has  from  (jin)  his 
own  men  in  the  vill  of  Lyon. 

His  testibus :  Gaufrido  de  Moyon ;  Rogero  de  Evreceio'  ; 
Riolfo  de  Hermanvilla;  Radulfo  do  PIumet[ot],  Willelmo  de 
Pontchardon  ;  Ricardo  clerico  ;  Osberto  Blancagnel ;  Willelmo 
de  Lyon®  ;  Willelmo  Benart ;  Thoma  de  Behee  ;  Ricardo  de 
Moyon ;  Roberto  filio*^  Ricardi ;  Henrico  Corbet  ;  Henrico  de 
Aule,  et  pluribus  aliis. 

494.  Charter  of  Richard  de  Moyon,  clerk,  addressed  to 
Philip  bishop  of  Bayeux  and  all  the  clergy  of  that  church.  He 
has  given  to  St.  Mary's,  Briweton  and  the  canons  regular  there 
serving  (militantibus)  God,  and  offered  on  the  altar  of  the 
Blessed  Virgin  as  a  possession  for  ever,  a  moiety  of  the  church 


'  "  Arohidiacono  "  omitted  in  Transcript.  '  "  Eeisino  "  in  MS.  lat. 

Sic  in  Trana.  j  "  batellis"  in  MS.  lat. ;   "  leuibus  "  or  "  lenibus  "  in  Cartulary. 

■•  "  Keverecie  "  in  MS.  lat.,  aud,  seemingly,  in  Cartulary. 
?  Sec  iu  Cartulary  J  "  Moyon  "  in  MS.  lat.  "  " 


'  Omitted  in  MS.  lat. 


176 


ABBEY  OF  TROARN. 


[1142-1164.] 


of  Lyon,  which  he  obtained  by  gift  of  Philip  bishop  of  Bayeux, 
William  the  chaplain,  who  then  possessed  the  whole  of  tliat 

church,  consenting  to  it  etc He  therefore  humbly 

implores  the  bishop  to  invest  the  canons  with  what  belonged  to 
him. 

Testibus Stephano  canoaico  de  Tantona,  et 

Eoberco    de     Meretona,   Johanne    et    Willelmo    sacerdotibus ; 
Willelmo  clerico,  et  Gaufrido  de  Kari,  et  aliis  multis. 


[1142-1164.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troam,  fo  21d. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  137f/. 

Trans.  Tol.  III. 

fo.  348.) 


[1151-1164.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  22. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  137d. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  349.) 


[Girc.  1170.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  22. 

MS.  lat,  fo.  138. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  352.) 


495.  Letter  of  Eobert  bishop  of  Bath  addressed  to  his 
worshipful  and  most  beloved  brother  Philip  bishop  of  Bayeux 
and  to  all  the  chapter.  His  dear  son  liichard  de  Moyon,  clerk, 
has  acknowledged  in  his  presence  that  he  has  given  absolutely 
in  alms  for  ever  to  St.  Mary's,  Briwetou  and  the  canons 
regular  there  serving  God  all  his  rights  in  the  church  of  Lyon 
and  his  tithe  at  Maisuns.  He  humbly  implores  him,  therefore, 
at  Richard's  entreaty,  to  invest  those  canons  with  that  tithe 
because  as  yet  they  have  not  enjoj^ed  the  endowment. 

496.  Charter  of  Philip  bishop  of  Bayeux  granting  to  his 
dear  sons  William  the  prior  and  the  canons  regular  of  Briweton, 
lest  dispute  should  arise  in  future,  a  moiety  of  the  church  of 
Lyon,  which  Richard  the  clerk,  son  of  William  de  Moyon,  some- 
time possessed,  as  granted  by  Richard  himself,  [together]  with 
the  other  moiety  which  they  possessed  of  his  own  gift ;  and  thus 
he  confirms  to  them  the  whole  church  of  Lyon  as  a  possession 
for  ever. 

Test[ibus]^ :  Willelmo  decano  ;  Herberto  cantore ;  Hunfrido 
archicapellano  ;  Thoma  archidiaeono ;  Patricio  archidiacono  ; 
Roberto  subdecano  ;  Ricardo  succentore ;  Willelmo  custode,  et 
multis  aliis  canonicis  de  capitulo  Baiocensi. 

497.  Charter  ,of  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux,  notifying  that 
Richard  de  Moyon  has  resigned  into  his  hands  the  tithes  which 
he  said  he  possessed  wrongfully,  since  they  belonged  to  the 
church  of  Lion,  namely  the  tithes  of  the  demesne  of  the  lord  of 
Maisons,  and,  at  his  request,  the  bishop  restores  them  to  the 
church  of  Lion  to  be  held  in  peace  as  it  held  them  of  old. 

Testibus  his  (sicy :  RanuH'us  archicapellanus ;  Henricus 
precentor ;  Jocelinus,  Godardus  capellani  ;  Galfridus  sacerdos  de 
Doura  ;  Thomas  clericus,  et  alii. 


[1164-1205.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  22, 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  138. 

Triins.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  352.) 


498.  Charter  of  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux  recalling  to 
memory  the  gift  by  his  predecessor  Philip  of  the  church  of 
Briweton,  etc.  to  the  brethren  of  Briweton.  He  appoints  that 
the  bishop's  aid,  exacted  [every]  third  year,  shall  not  exceed 
10  shillings  in  money  of  Le  Mans,  nor  shall  more  be  demanded 
of  them  for  "  circata '"  and  synodal  payments  than  they  gave  in 
his  predecessors'  time. 


'  Trans.  :   "  Teste  "  ;  iu  Cartulary  and  MS.  lat.  :   "Test." 
lu  Cartulary  and  in  MS.  lat.  ;  "Kanulf[o]  arcliicapell[ano],"  etc. 


ABBEY  OF  TROARN. 


177 


[1164-1205.] 

(Cartulary  of 
Troarn,  fo.  Z'2d. 
MS.  lat.,  fo.  ISSd. 

Trails.  Vol.  III. 
fo.  353.) 


499.  Charter  of  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux  ratifying  the 
agreement  between  the  canons  of  Brutoii  (Broetonia)  and  the 
priest  of  Plumetot  as  to  two  sestiers  of  wheat  and  four  capons 
of  annual  rent  from  16  aores  of  Jand,  the  tithe  of  which  was 
held  in  common  by  the  churches  of  Lion  and  of  Plumetot,  as  it 
was  made  in  tlie  chapter  of  Bayeux  and  recited  in  the  canons' 
charter;  namely,  that  the  priest  of  Plumetot  releases  to  the 
church  of  Lyon  and  the  canons  of  Briweton  all  his  moiety  of 
that  tithe,  and  the  priest  and  a  certain  clerk  on  behalf  of  the 
canons  have  sworn  that  this  agreement  shall  not  be  disturbed. 

Testes  interfuerunt  :  Robertus  subdecanns;  Hunfridus  Bos; 
Thomas  archidiaconus  ;  Radulfus  avunculu.s  episcopi ;  Willelmus 
de  Crisetot ;  Radulfus  de  Pereriis ;  Ricardns  de  Croileio,  et 
Ricardus  de  Ros  canonici,  et  Gislebertus  de  Chevreceio  qui 
dominus  erat  fundi  in  predicta  compositione  nominati ;  etiara'^ 
Radulfus  et  Rogerus  nepotes  Gisleberti,  et  Balduinus  clericus 
et  Willelmus  de  Moyon,  et  Humfredus  de  Pereis.^ 


[Circ.  1150.] 

(Cartulary  of 
Troarn,  fo".  23. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  139. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 
fo.  350.) 


500.  Charter  of  William  de  Chevreci^  notifying  his  gift  to 
the  priory  of  St.  Mary  of  Briweton  and  the  canons  regular 
there  serving  God  of  two  acres  of  his  demesne,  where  the  chapel 
of  St.  James  stands,  at  Crisselon  and  two  [out  of  three  tithe] 
sheaves  there  from  his  knight's  fee  (feudo  lorice),  for  the  weal 
of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  his  wife,  predecessors  and  sons. 

Testes :  .  .  .  .  Rogerus  et  Radulfus  et  Robertus,  milites, 
nepotes  mei ;  Willelmus  de  Waravilla ;  Iwanus*  de  Moyon ; 
Radulfus  de  Piro ;  Robertus  Flamenc ;  Fulco  ;  Unfridus ; 
Johannes  Rufus,  et  multis  aliis  (sic). 


[Oirc.  1150.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  23, 

MS.  lat.,fo.  lS9d. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  350.) 


501.  Charter  of  William  de  Chevreio,^  notifying  his  gift 
to  the  priory  etc.  and  to  St.  Peter  of  Lyon,  for  the  weal  of 
his  soul  and  [those]  of  Ids  relatives  two  manses  of  land 
(fmansiones  terre)  at  Lyon,  held  of  him  by  Samson  the  priest, 
and  an  acre  of  his  demesne  at  Crisselon,  both  of  them  free  from 
all  secular  service. 

Testibus :  Radulfo  de  Plumetot ;  Sanson  Caluz ;  Alberto 
presbitero ;  Osmond o  fratre  Dionisii,  et  pluribus  aliis. 


[1142-1164] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  26. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  351.) 


502.  Charter  of  Philip,  bishop  of  Bayeux,  notifying  that 
William  de  Cheverci  has  resigned  into  his  hands  two-thirds  of 
his  tithe  at  Crisselon,  which  he  had  kept  back.  At  his  request 
and  by  his  consent  (concessione),  the  bishop  has  given  it  to 
St.  Mary's,  Briweton  in  alms  for  ever ;  he  also  confirms  to 
that  priory  six  acres  of  land  that  Richard  Caluz  gave  it  at  his 
death.  Blessings  on  those  who  keep  and  curses  on  those  who 
dare  to  violate  this  ordinance.® 


'  "  et "  in  Cartulary  and  MS.  lat. 

^  "  Cheverci  "  in  MS.  lat. ;  "  Chevreceio 
'  "Iwanus  "  in  MS.  lat.,  and,  seemingly,  in  Cartulary; 
*  Cart.  :  "hec  scatura." 


"  Perers  "  in  MS.  lat. 
'  in  Transcript. 
"  Ilbanus  "  in  Transcript. 


e     92681. 


M 


178 


ABBEY  OP  TEOAEN. 


[N.  D.] 

(Cartulary  of 
Troarn,  fo.  23d. 
MS.  lat.  10,086, 

fo.  139d. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  350.) 


503.  Charter  of  William  Cornardus  giving,  with  the  assent 
and  by  the  wish  of  Matilldis  his  wife  and  his  heirs,  in  frank- 
almoin  for  ever,  to  St.  Mary's,  Briweton  and  the  canons 
there  serving  God,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul,  half  an  acre  of  land 
from  his  demesne  at  Crisselon,  in  the  day-work  (dieta)  called 
cidtv/rate,  next  the  half  acre  that  Martin's  man  holds  in  fee. 
He  makes  this  gift  to  the  abbey  (sic)  on  condition  that  the 
canons,  at  their  own  cost  provide  and  keep  fonts  (fontes)  in 
the  chapel  of  Crisselon.  And,  for  his  warranty  {guarantagio) 
the  canons  have  given  him,  of  the  charity  of  their  house, 
twenty  seven  shillings  in  money  of  Tours. 

Hiis  testibus;  Willelmo  et  Roberto  capellanis;  Ricardo  de 
Mevenni;  Radulfo  clerico;  Guillelmo  et  Thoma  et  Ricardo 
clericis ;  Philippo  de  Macheay ;  Ricardo  Blangevini ;  Ricardo 
filio  Fulconis;  Ricardo  Bigud;  Sanson  filio  Guillelmi  et  alii 
(sic). 

[?  1177-1194.]       504.  Letter  of   William  de   Moyon   to   H.  (sicf  bishop  of 
(Original  in  archives  Coutances,  notifying  that  for  the  love  of  God,  and  the  weal  of 
_.  T  ^r  ^^^  5o\i\^  and  those  of  all  his  relatives  and  friends,  he  gives  his 

canons  of  Briweton  the  churches  of  Moyon  and-  Taissy  with 
all  their  appiui;enances,  so  far  as  he  is  concerned,  to  hold  after 
the  decease  of  his  brother  Thomas.  He  therefore  implores  the 
bishop,  to  invest  the  said  canons  with  those  churches,  as  it  is 
his  to  do,  etc. 

505.  Charter  of  William  de  Moyon  addressed  to  aU  his  men 
French  and  English.  He  grants  to  the  canons  of  Briweton  all 
rights  in  churches  and  in  ecclesiastical  endowments  throughout 
his  land  in  England  and  Normandy  after  (jplpsf^f  the  decease 
of  Thomas  his  brother,  in  frank  almoin  for  ever,  for  the  weal 
of  his  soul  and  those  of  his  predecessors  and  successors ;  namely, 
in  the  churches  of  Moyon,  Taissy,  and  Beaucodrai,  and  in  the 
chapel  of  DeodviUa,  with  all  their  appurtenances  and  in  the 
rent  from  Maisuns,  which  Richard  de  Moyon  held  and  in  the 
churches  of  Brinkelai  and  Manehafd[e]*  and  the  chapel  of 
Toteberga. 

His  testibus :  Roberto  filio  Ricardi  ;  Matheo  de  Pin ; 
Ricardo  clerico ;  Herkenbaldo  capellano ;  Waltero  clerico ; 
Willelmo  de  Locumba ;  Henrico  de  Aide* ;  Willelmo ;  Rogero 
portario,  et  pluribus  aliis. 

1184,  10  April.      506.  Charter  of  William  [bishop]  elect  of  Coutances,  notify- 
(MS.  lat.  fo.  216.)  ing  that,   on  the  presentation   of   William   son   of    John,  he 

'  It  would  seem,  from  the  ■witnesses  to  the  next  charter,  which  was  granted 
presumably  about  the  same  time,  that  the  writer  was  a  William  de  Moyon  who  died 
before  Hugh  [de  Morville]  became  bishop  of  Coutances.  As,  in  the  original,  the 
initial  "  H  "  is  a  subsequent  insertion,  it  seems  probable  that  the  letter  was 
retained  by  the  canons  till  the  grant  became  operative,  and  then  despatched  to  the 
bishop  who,  at  that  time,  was  Hugh.  By  him  and  the  chapter  the  grant  was 
confirmed  to  the  canons  [Original  in  archives  of  La  Manehe ;  Trans.  Vol  III.  fo. 
346],  and  William  de  Moyon's  charter  (No.  504)  "inspected"  in  March  "  1221 " 
[MS.  lat.  10,086,  fo.  226]. 

2  Trans. :  "  prius."  ^  Trans. :  "  Manehasd' "  in  error. 

*  Trans. ;  "  Haule." 


of  La  Manehe  ; 

Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  27d. 

MS.  lat.,  to.  226. 

Trans.  Vol.  HI. 

fo.  368.) 


[?  1177-1194.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo'.  27. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  225(i. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  346.) 


ABBEY  OF  TROARN.  179 


1184. 

has  instituted  Roger  the  priest  as   parson  of   the  church  of 
Magnevilla.'^ 

Actum  est  hoc  anno  ab  incarnatione  Domini  MoCLXXXiiiio, 
iiijo  id.  Aprilis,  apud  Constancias,  presentibus  Ricardo  de  Poil- 
[leyo]  archidiacono ;  Johanne  capellano;  Patricio  de  Lerver' 
presbitero ;  Roberto  de  Colewast ;  Gaufrido  de  burgo  Acardi 
et  pluribus  aliis. 

[1184.J  507.  Charter  of  William  son  of  John  de  Muleres,  notifying 

(MS.iat.,  fo.  215.)  that  he  gives,  for  the  love  of  God,  in  alms  for  ever,  to  the 
church  of  St,  Mary,  Breuton  and  the  canons  there  serving 
God,  all  his  rights  in  the  church  of  St.  Mary,  Mande villa. 

His  testibus :  Rogero  sacerdote ;  Johanne  sacerdote  ;  Radulfo 
elerico ;  Ricardo  filio  Johannis  ;  Hunfrido  filio  Johannis ; 
Roberto  elemosinario ;  Nicolao  de  Rosello. 

1184,  22  May.       508.  Charter  of  William,  bishop  elect  of  Coutances,  reciting 

(Original  in       that  Wiliiam  son  of  John,  laudably  anxious  for  the  weal  of  his 

■ftans! Vo^^Ili     ^°^'  ^^   assigned   to   the   house  of    St.  Mary,   Briwiton   his 

fo.  353.2)        right    of  patronage  in   the   church  of   St.  Mary,  Magnavilla, 

wishing  to.  devote  it  to  sacred  uses.     He  has  resigned  it  into 

the   hands  of  the  bishop,  who,  with  his  willing  consent,  has 

assigned  it  to  the  canons  of  that  house  for  ever. 

Actum  est  hoc  anno  verbi  incarnati  MOCOLXXXoiiii"  apud 
Constancias  xj.  kal.  Junii,  presentibus  :  Rogero  abbate  sancti 
Salvatoris ;  Ricardo  de  Poil[leio]  archidiacono ;  Willelmo  filio 
Tecelini,  et  pluribus  aliis. 

[1184.]  509.  Charter  of  WiUiam  son  of  Jobn  de  Weston  notifying 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  215.)  the  above  gift  and  that  of  14  sestiers  of  wheat  from  the  revenue 
of  his  land  at  Siccavilla,  which  land  he  has  granted  to  Wimund 
"  bonus  satis  "  and  Richard  his  "  nepos  "  and  their  heirs  before 
William  son  of  Ralf,  then  the  king's  justice  (justicia)  in  Nor- 
mandy, to  be  held  of  the  said  priory  (ecclesie)  and  its  canons  on 
the  terms  of  paying  them  annually,  for  ever  the  said  14  sestiers 
of  wheat  in  the  month  of  Sep4ember.  And  for  this  they  have 
pledged  their  faith  (fidelitatem  fecerunt)  to  the  canons,  and 
they  have  sworn  to  pay  the  said  rent  in  the  chapel  of  St. 
George  the  martyr,  at  Caen,  before  the  justices  then  holding 
the  exchequer  {tunc  scacariwn  tenentibus).  He  further  gives 
land  at  Sortenvilla  and  the  chapel  of  Ste.  Regouefe  ut  infra. 

His  testibus :  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  justicia  Normannie ; 
Herberto  de  Argento[mo] ;  Rogero  de  Arri ;  Roberto  de  Curli ; 
Roberto  almonario;  Ricardo  filio  Johannis,  et  Unfredo  filio 
Johannis ;  Randulfo  Russello ;  Alb[er]to  capellano  de   Lyons ; 

'  To  this  section,  relating  to  the  Pierreville  endowment,  the  heading  on  fo.  215 
of  the  MS.  lat.  is  :  "  Willelmus  Alius  Johannis  de  Muleres  alias  de  Westona 
"  d«dit  ecclesiam  Sancte  Marie  de  Mandevilla  alias  Pelrivilla  priori  et  canonicis  de 
"  Briwetona." 

2  This  charter  is  entered  on  fo.  216  of  the  MS.  lat.,  but  the  bishop  is  not  there 
Sityled  "  elect,"  and  the  witnesses'  names  are  not  given  ("  presentibus  multis  "). 

M    2 


180 


ABBEY  OF  TEOAEN. 


[1184.] 

Radulfo  cleiico;  Eoberto  filio  Rannulfi;  Hugone  filio  God- 
[  ];  Wiuiundo  de  Craucumba;  Ricardo  Brun  ;  Willelmo ; 
Gaif ;  Gervasiode  Sparkeford ;  Radulfo  de  Hechton[e];  Nichoko 
de  Rusello ;  Willelmo  Cainel  ;  Pctro  clerico  de  Mandevilla,  et 
multis  aliis. 

[1184.]  510.  [Letter  of]  William  son  of  John  de  Weaton  addressed 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  215(/.)  to  Henry  II.  Inspired  by  God,  he  grants  to  the  canons  of 
BrJweton  the  church  of  Mannevilla  with  all  its  appurtenances 
for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  of  his  body,  and  for  his  weal  and 
that  of  his  friends,  in  frank  alinoine  for  ever,  and  the  chapel  of 
Ste.  Regouefe  the  virgin,  and  one  vavassor's  holding  of  land,  in 
Sortenvilla  and  all  his  demesne  there,  namely  the  land  on  which 
is  the  vineyard ;  and  one  "  bordagium  "  and  14  sestiers  of  wheat 
at  Siccavilla.  He  implores,  thei-efore,  his  majesty,  on  bended 
knees,  relying  on  his  innate  clemency,  to  confirm  and  protect  the 
above  endowment  for  the  love  of  God  and  the  sake  of  religion. 


[1184.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troavn,  fo.  33d. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  222. 

Tiaiis.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  356.) 


1184. 

(Cartulary  of 

Troarn,  fo.  SQcl. 

MS.  lat.,  to.  222^. 

Traus.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  357.) 


[?1192.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troaru,  fo.  39. 

MS.  lat.  fo.  223. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  358.) 

1191,  4  Dec. 


511.  Charter  of  William  son  of  John  [de  Muleres^]  notifying 
his  gift  to  St.  Mary's,  Briweton,  and  the  canons  there  serving 
God,  of  his  chapel  of  Ste.  Regouefe  oF  Sortenvilla  with  all  its 
appurtenancei  and  all  his  demesne  of  Sortenvilla,  namely  the 
land  which  was  vineyard,  and  a  "  bordagium "  which  Caius 
held,  and  the  holding  of  a  vavassor  which  Robert  the  priest 
(sacerdos)  and  Thomas  the  priest  son  of  Ralf  the  priest  held  ; 
and  the  canons  of  Briweton  are  to  celebrate  divine  service  in 
that  chapel  and  to  make  provision  for  the  honourable  maintenance 
of  the  offices  of  the  church  there. 

His  testibus  :  Rogero  capellano ;  Johanne  capellano  ;  Radulfo 
sacerdote ;  Radulfo  clerico ;  Ricardo  filio  Johannis^ ;  Roberto 
elemosinario  ;  Willelmo  Cainel ;  Willelmo  Gaif '^ ;  Ricardo  Bru' ; 
Gervasio  de  Spacheforda.* 

512.  Notification  by  William  bishop  of  Coutances  that 
^illiam  son  of  John  has  made  the  above  grant  of  the  chapel 
of  Ste.  Regouefe,  and  resigned  its  patronage  into  his  hands.  He 
now  confirms  it  to  the  canons  of  Briweton. 

Actum  est  lioc  anno  verbi  incarnati  M°c°LXXXiiii.*  apud 
Constantias. 

513.  Notification  by  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux,  William 
bishop  of  Coutances,  and  Bernard  abbot  of  La  Val  {de  Valle) 
that   they  have    received    a    mandate    of    Celestine   III.;   as 

follows : — 

Mandate  of  Celestine  III.  addressed  to  the  above,  reciting  that 
the  prior  and  brethren  of  Briweton  have  complained  to  him, 
that  when  they  had  obtained  canonically,  and  for  some  time 

'  Omitted  in  Transcript. 
-  "  Humfrido  filio  Johannis  "  inserted  here  in  MS.  lat. 
3  Sic  in  Cartulary  and  MS.  lat. ;  "  Gaif,"  omitted  in  Trans. 
•>  "  Sparcheforda  "  in  MS.  lat. 
''  Sic  in  Cartulary  and  MS.  lat. ;  Trans,  -.  "  m''c"  nonagesimo  tertio  "  (1193). 


ABBEY  OF  TEOAEN. 


181 


[1191.] 


1200. 

(Original  in  private 
hands ;  three  seals, 

hroken. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  222d. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  359.) 


[N.  D.] 

(Cartulary  of 

Troara,  fo.  40. 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  224. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  357.) 


possessed  in  pea^e  the  chapel  of  Ste.  Regouefe,  and  a  vavassour's 
holding,  they  were  wrongfully  and  unlawfully  despoiled  thereof. 
They  are  therefore  to  compel  those  who  detain  the  said  chapel 
-  and  holding  to  appear  before  them  and  do  justice  to  the 
brethren. 

Datum  Laterani  ii.  non.  (sic)  Decembris  pontificatus  nostri 
anno  primo. 

They  have  accordingly  summoned  to  their  presence  Nicolas 
who  professed  (gerebat)  himself  to  be  parson  of  that  ciiapel, 
and  Robert  the  priest  who  ministered  theie  as  a  vicar  etc.  .  . 
.  .  As  neither  Robert,  nor  anyone  for  him  put  in  an  appear- 
ance, they  decrceJ  that  the  jiroctor  of  the  canoiis  should  be 
placed  in  possession  of  the  fee  they  claimed  and  of  the  chapel, 
saving  in  all  things  the  possession  of  Nicolas,  etc.  Subsequently 
on  the  day  appointed  for  Nicolas  to  produce  his  witnesses, 
he  neither  came  nor  sent  anyone  to  make  answer  for  him. 
And  when  the  evidence  laid  before  them  by  the  canons'  proctor 
had  fully  prov;  d  to  them  that  the  chapel  was  the  right  of  the 
canons,  they  called  together  prudent  and  honourable  men  and, 
after  weighing  the  matter,  adjudged  the  chapel  to  the  canons 
and  their  proctor  by  authority  of  the  Pope  committed  to  them, 
enjoining  on  Nicolas  silence  for  ever  as  to  his  rights  or  his 
possession. 

514.  Notification  by  William  bishop  of  Coutances  and  the 
chapter  that  tbe  dispute  between  master  Nicolas  parson  of  the 
church  of  St.  Peter,  Surteavilla,  in  the  name  of  that  church, 
on  the  one  part,  and  the  prior  and  canons  of  St.  Mary's, 
Briweton,  on  the  otlier,  concerning  the  chapel  of  Ste.  Regouefe, 
has  been  thus  settled  in  his  presence.  The  said  Nicolas  will 
raise  no  complaint  hencefoi'ward  against  the  said  canons,  or 
anyone  in  possession  through  them,  as  to  that  chapel  or  its 
offeiings,  but  will  allow  thcin  to  dispose  of  it  as  they  will 
without  any  opposition  from  iiim  am]  his  successors.  And  the 
canons,  for  lasting  peace,  will  pay  a  marc  of  silver  annually  to 
Nicolas  and  to  each  of  his  successors,  rector,  for  the  time  being, 
of  Surten villa,  half  on  January  1,  and  half  on  July  1,  at 
Pierreville.  And  Nicolas  for  himself  and  the  church  of 
Surtenvilla,  and  William  canon  of  St.  Mary's,  Breweton,  at 
the  bidding  of  G[ilbert]  its  prior,  on  belialf  of  that  house,  have 
sworn  their  corporal  oath  before  him  to  observe  this  agreement. 

Actum  apud  Constancias  anno  gracie  M°CC° 

515.  Notification  by  William  bishop  of  Coutances  that  he 
has  never  granted  any  right  to  Richard  de  Pol[leio]  his  arch- 
deacon or  master  Richard  Hairon  his  clerk  in  t!ie  chapel  of 
Ste.  Regouefe  and,  that  neither  of  them  has  ever  been  presented 
to  that  chapel,  either  by  the  canons  of  Briweton,  who  are  its 
patrons,  or  by  anyone  else,  as  they  have  themselves  confessed 
in  his  presence.  He  notifies  this,  lest  from  ambition,  or  from 
evil  suggestion  by  anyone,  both  or  either  of  them  should  claim 
any  rights  in  that  chapel  against  the  canons  of  Briweton. 


182 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARY,  ARDENNES, 

FOR  PREMONSTRATENSIAN    CANONS, 


IN  THE 


DIOCESE    OP    BAYEUX. 

[Original  Documents,  Copies,  and  Cartulary  in  Archives  of 
the  Calvados.] 


[1152-4.J  516.  Writ  of  Henry  duke  of  the  Normans  and  of  Aquitaine 

(Cartulary         and  count  of  the  Angevins  addressed  to  Eobert  son  of  Bem[ard] 
H  iiT^^fo'ss^'d")    ^^^  *^®  ™®^  °^  Caen.    They  are  to  cause  the  prior  of  Ardennes 
'    '        '      to  hold  (faciatis  tenere)  his  house  at  Caen  etc.     And   if  any- 
thing has  been  taken  thence  it  is  to  be  restored.     And  if  they 
do  not  do  [this],  let  William  son  of  John  do  [it],  that  he  may 
no  more  hear  complaint. 

Teste  Eicardo  de  Hummez  constabulario.     Apud  Cadomum. 

t].76.  517.  Charter   of    Philippa,   daughter   of   Hugh   de   Eosello 

(Original  formerly  giving  to  God  and  the  abbey  of  St.  Mary  of  Ardennes  and  the 
in  archives.')  canons  there  serving  God,  for  the  weal  of  her  soul  and  those 
of  her  father  and  mother  and  predecessors,  quit  of  all  demands 
10^  acres  of  her  own  demesne  at  Grouchy  (Groceium),  etc.  which 
gift  she  offers  by  a  book  on  the  altar  of  St.  Mary,  in  the  pre- 
sence of  the  convent  and  of  many  others.  And  for  this  endow- 
ment, the  canons  have  admitted  her  and  her  predecessors  to 
the  benefits  of  their  prayers  and  those  of  their  order  and  have 
granted  her  free  sepulture  among  themselves  by  her  desire,  at 
her  death.  Moreover,  of  the  substance  of  their  church,  they 
have  acquitted  her,  at  the  king's  exchequer,  of  30  pounds 
•  of  Anjou,  which  she  owed  the  king,  and  have  given  her  100 

shillings  of  Anjou. 

1  This  charter,  of  great  importance  for  the  personnel  of  the  Norman  exchequer 
in  1176,  appears  to  he  no  longer  preseryed  among  the  archives  of  the  Calvados.  It 
is  here  given  from  the  text  in  Mr.  Wiffen's  House  of  Russell  (1833)  which  contains 
an  engraving  of  the  "  sigillum  Phillippe  de  Eosello  "  then  appendant  to  it.  There  are 
fortunately  still  preserved  in  the  liaSse  H.  322,  two  charters  reciting  this  one,  and 
explaining  that  "  postea  autem  primo  anno   Johannis  regis  Anglic  cum   efsem 

vidua in  plenis  placitis  domini  regis,  et  ad  scaccarium  ejus," 

Philippa  renewed  this  grant,  which  had  heen  questioned.  There  is  also  in  these 
archives  a  charter  of  Kanulf  earl  of  Chester  confirming  Philippa's  grant,  its  seal,  on 
a  parchment  tag,  displaying  a  lion  passant. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARY,  ARDENNES. 


183 


1176. 


1190, 
27  March. 

(Collated  copy  of 

Vidimus  in 

archives,  H.  573, 

also  Great  Cartulary, 

H.  117,  fo.  2Sld, 

and  collated  copy 

from  the 

Great  Cartulary  in 

H.  468.) 


Actum  est  autem  hoc  publice  in  aula  regis,  in  castello 
Cadomi,  coram  judicibus  regis  ad  scacarium  sedentibus,  anno 
ab  incarnatione  Domini  MOLXXVio.  Super  hoc  autem  testes  sunt 
Dominus  Ricardus  Wintoniensis  episcopus,  qui  tunc  temporis 
erat  capitalis  justicia ;  Gislebertus  Pipart ;  Ricardus  Giphart ; 
Simon  de  Tornebu ;  Gaufridus  monachus ;  Ranuulfus  de 
Grantval ;  Simon  de  Scuris ;  Robertus  Belet ;  Willelmus  de 
Caliz ;  Eogerus  de  Scuris  ;  Willermus  Torstin,  et  alii  plures. 

518.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.  He  gives 
and  grants  to  St.  Mary  of  Ardennes  and  its  canons  all  his  land 
at  Noyeres  etc.  namely,  Tesnieres  {Taisnerias). 

Testibus  :  Waltero  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo ;  Willelmo 
filio  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie ;  Roberto  de  Harcourt ; 
Willelmo  de  Sancte  Marie  ecclesia  decano  Moret[onii] ;  Will- 
elmo de  Sanceio.  Data  apud  Liona  (sic)  per  manum  Willelmi 
Elyensis  episcopi,  cancellarii  nostri,  vigesimo  septimo  die 
Martii  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 


[1190],  7  April.      519.  Charter   of   Richard   I.,  quit-claiming  his   canons    of 

(Original  in        Ardennes    of  all  toll  and  passage  ruioneyl  etc.  on  their  own 
archives,  H.  2.)      ^^^^^^y_ 

Teste  Willelmo  de  Sancto  Johanne  vij.  die  Aprilis,     Apud 
Danfront. 


[1190],  8  April. 

(Original  in 

archives,  H.  2.) 


520.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  taking  under  his  protection  the 
abbey  of  Ardennes  and  its  canons  and  all  their  officers  and 
property.  No  one  is  to  do  them  wrong ;  nor  are  they  to  be 
impleaded  from  the  day  he  shall  have  started  on  crusade  (iter 
peregrmationis)  till  the  day  he  returns  therefrom. 

Teste  Willelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario.     Apud  Danfront. 


184 

ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARY,  AUNAY, 

FOR  CISTERCIAN  MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE     OP     BAYEUX. 


[Original   Documents   in  Archives  of  the   Calvados,   La 
Manche,  and  the  Orne}] 


1136.  521.  Notification  [dated]  that  Gerburgis  mother  of  William 

(Original  in  archives  Goidus   of  Aspres  and  all  her  sons,  the  said  Goidus,  Richard 

"s  *b^™n        *'^®    deacon,   Gilbert,    Payn,   and    Walter,  have   given    Vivian 

Trans.  Vol.  111.     abbot  of  Aunay  and  his  brethren  certain  land  [specified]  ;  that 

fo.  316.)  William  de  Aspris,  "dapifer  "  of  Laigle,  has  also  done  so  ;  and 

that  Richer  lord   of  Laigle  (de   Aquila)  confirms  these  gifts, 

■with  freedom  from  toll  and  all  secular  lordship  throughout  his 

land. 

Horum  munerum  testes  sunt :  Gaufridus  abbas  de  Savigneio, 
et  Guillelmus  sacerdos  de  Gloz ;  Anschitillus  de  Redeo ; 
Guillelmus  de  Fontenillo  :  Paganus  Guastinel[lus],  et  Guillelmus 
Guastinellus. 

1151.  522,  Charter  of  Gilbert  de  Saieo,  dated  1151.     He  gives 

(Original  in        the  abbey  (ecclesie)  of  the  Holy  Trinity  and  St.  Mary  of  Aunay 

^^'^SealVroken.'""''  i-^lnetum)  and  the  monks  there  serving  God  all  his  land  at 

■I'rans.  Vol.  I.  fo!  5.)  Vendes  (Venneiis)  which  he  held  as  liis  own,  and  the  tenants, 

for  the  weal  of  his   soul  [and  those]  of  his  father  and  mother 

and  his  brother  Enguerrand   and  Geoffrey  de   Marigneio  and 

all  his  friends.     This  he  does  in  his  castle  of  Marigny. 

His  hominibus  testantibus  :  Roscelino  capellano :  Guillelmo 
de  Vilers ;  Gilberto  Oisom ;  Gaufrido  de  Saieo  nepote  suo ; 
Maugerio  Maucovenant ;  Guillelmo  de  Tot. 

[Signa]  Gilleberti  de  Saieo ;  Gaufridi  nepotL's  sui ;  Maugerii 
Maucovenant ;  Jordani  de  Maisnileio. 

[1152-4.]  523.  Writ  of  Henry,  duke  of  the  Normans  and  cf  Aqui- 

(Originai,  formerly  taiup,  and  count  of  the  Angevins,*  addressed  to  P'  de  Sai. 

'^ofLk  Manche?'   ^°  ^^  *°  ^^"®®  ^^^^  ^^^°^  °^  Aunay  {Alneto)  to  have  possession 
H.  20.)     '     of  the  churches  of  Cenilly  (Senillero)  as  he  has  proved  his 

'  Several  now  missing.  2  j^^  longer  there  now. 

^  Now  archives  of  the  Calvados,  H.  1201. 
■*  "  Henii  II.,  due  de  Normandie,"  in  Invcntaire  Sommaire. 
"  Omitted  in  Inventaire  Sommaire. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARY,  AU  NAY.  185 

[1152-4.] 

right  (sicut  disratiocinavit)  to  them  in  his  [Henry's]  court  at 
Kouen  ;  and  whatever  William  de  Bruilleio  has  taken  thence 
is  to  be  restored.  If  he  does  not  do  this,  Richard  de  Haia  is  to 
do  it  (illud  faciat)  without  delay. 

Teste    Ricardo   de   Humeto    constabulario,   per    Rog[erum] 
archid[iaconum].     Apud  Cadomum. 

[?  1156,  Feb.]        524.  Writ   of    Henry  II.  addressed   to   the   archbishop  of 

(Original  in  archives  Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.     The  abbot  and  monks 

"  *H  6^9       '    of  Aunay  are  to  enjoy  all  their  holdings  and  endowments,  in 

Trans.  Vol.  I.  fo.  7.)  lands,  tithes,  mills  and  all  else  in  peace  etc.,  because  they  and 

all  their  possessions  are  under  his  protection. 

Teste  Ricardo  de  Humeto,  apud  Chinonem  in  exercitu. 

[1157.]  525.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed 'generally.     He   con- 

CTwo  collated  copies  firms  (concessisse)  to  the  abbey  (ecclesie)  of  the  Holy  Trinity 

"L^rchives^o?     '^^^  ^^-   Mary  of  Aunay,  and  the  monks  there,  all  the  gifts 

LaMauche,  II.  1.)   that  have  been  made  to  them  etc In  Ei\gland,  tlie 

church  of  Curtintona  ;  and  at  Bemecestria  the  tithe  of  the 
demesne,  and   the   chapel   of   Gyula,  with   the   tithes   of   the 

demesne  of  the  gift  of  Robert  de  Mattonio,  etc and 

of  the  gift  of  Richard  de  Humeto  and  Agnes  his  wife  the 
church  of  Remilly  (Rumilleio)  and  those  of  Essemby  and 
Limberga  etc.     .     . 

Testibus :  Nigello  Elyensi  episcopo,  et  Hilario  Cic^strensi 
episcopo,  et  comite  Reginaldo,  et  Roberto  de  Novo  Burgo,  et 
Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario,  et  Mannessero  Biset  dapifero. 
Apud  Damfrontem. 

[Circ.  1180.]         526.  Charter  of  Henry  II  similar  to  the  preceding. 

(Original  in  archives       Testibus  :  Gaufrido  filio  meo  ;  Stephano  de  Turon[is]  senescallo 

ofLaManche,     Andegavie ;    Alvredo  de  Sancto  Martino ;    Gisleberto  Pipart ; 

Roberto    de    Briuecurt;    Gerardo    de    Can  villa;     Radulf'o    de 

Fougeriis ;    Radulfo   Tesson ;   Nigello   de   Moret[onio^].     Apud 

Moreton[ium]. 

[Girc.  1160.]        527.  Charter  of  Richard  de  Humeto  constable  of  the  king 

(Parchment  copy    of  England.     He  gives  to  the  abbey  of  Aunay  (Alneto)  and  the 

of'La  Manche      brethren  there  dwelling    the  church  of  Marigny  (Marigneio) 

u.  47.2)     '     at  the  prayer  and  by  the  permission  (concessu)  of  the  lady 

Lucy  de  Alneto  and  of  his  wife  Agnes  and  his  son  William. 

"Testibus :  Guillelmo  de  Humeto,  et  Rogero  Suart,  et 
Radulfo  de  Maisnil,  et  Pagaiio  de  Cardonvilla ;  Roberto 
capellano  cognomine  Daco ;  Gaufrido  clerico  Malovenant ; 
P'etro  de  Buris  :  Guillelmo  Carbonnel  et  multis  aliis. 


'  These  names  are  somewhat  corrupt  in  the  MS. 
"  In  the  same  liasse  is  the  original  confirmation  of  this  charter  by  Richard  bishop 
of  Coutances,  in  favout  of  Vivian  abbot  of  Aunay,  at  the  prayer  of  Richard,  Agnes 
his  wife,  and  William,  Ingelram,  and  Jordan  his  sons. 


186  ABBEY  OF  ST.  MAEY,  AUNAY. 


[1158-1164.]        528.  Charter  of  William  Derlie,   chamberlain,  and   Ascira 

(Original  in  archives  his  wife,  granting  to  Robert  de  Jovigneio  and,  his  heirs  all  the 

Sell  broken.'''    ^^nd  that  belonged  to  Half  de  Insula  which  they  had  or  ought 

Trans.  Vol.  L  fo.  6.)  to  have  in  England  and  Normandy.     For  making  this  grant 

king  Henry  has  given  him,  with  Ascira  120  pounds  sterling 

and  100  shillings  of  his  own  money  {de  suis  denariis).     For 

this  sum,  he  and  his  wife  have  abjured  {extrajuravimus)  that 

land  in  favour  of  Robert  de  Jovigneio  and  his  heirs. 

Testibus  his :  Rogero  Eboracensi  archiepiscopo ;  Rotrou  Ebroi- 
censi,^  Arnulfo  Lexoviensi  episcopis  ;  Willelmo  Arondel,  Hugone 
comitibus ;  Ricardo  de  Luci ;  Henrico  camerario ;  Hugone  de 
Gonnevilla;  Willelmo  de  Belloeampo;  Hugone  de  Piris; 
Willelmo  Malet;  Willelmo  de  Breosa.  Per  manum  Stephani 
capellani.     Apud  Pedestram. 

[1216-1231. J        529.  Letters  patent  of  R[obert]  bishop  (antistes)  of  Bayeux 

(Original  in  arehiyes  and    H[ugh]    bishop    of    Coutances    addressed   to    Henry  III. 

°     H.  66™  °''     They  wish    him  health,    prosperity,    and   peace,    and  humbly 

Fine  seal  of  one  of  intimate   to  his  majesty  {regali  celsitudini)   that  they   have 

the  bishops  on     inspected    a    sealed    charter    of    his   grandfather    Henry,   the 

pare  men    ag.)     glorious  king  of  the  English  {Angl')  as  follows  : — 

[1170-1180.]  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  all  his  officers  of  his 
land  and  seaports.  The  monks  of  Aunay  are  to  be  free  of  toll 
and  passage-money,  etc.  on  all  their  own  property,  and  no  one 
is  to  trouble  them  therein. 

Testibus :  Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Mauricio  de 
Croun  ;  Seero  de  Quinci.     Apud  Wudest[ocam]. 

[1173-4.]  530.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  gives 

(Original  in  archives  and  grants  to  his  Constable,  Richard  de  Humeto  and  his  heirs 

*'^*'h.  6^69.'^  °^'    ^^^  ^^®  service,  Stanfort  with  all  appurtenances  of  the  castle 

Trans.  Vol.  I.  fo.  6.)  and  borough  except  the  service  of  the  abbot  of  Peterborough 

and  of  William  de  Lanvall[ei*].     He  also  gives  Ketene    and 

Dudinton   with    their  appurtenances,  and,  of  the  fee  of  earl 

GifFard,  Risemberga  and  Siringeham^  with  their  appurtenances ; 

and  in  Normandy,  Meysi  with  all  its  appurtenances  and  the 

haie  of  La  Luteniera  with  its  appurtenances,  to  be  held  by  him 

and  his  heirs,  of  the  king  and  his  heirs,  in  fee  and  inheritance. 

Testibus :  Rotrou  (sic)  archiepiscopo  Rothomageiisi ;  Henrico 
episcopo  Baiocensi ;  Arnulfo^  Lexoviensi  episcopo ;  Frogero 
Sagiensi  episcopo ;  R[icardo]  electo  Winton[iensi] ;  Johanne 
decano  [Saresberiensi] ;  Willelmo  de  Curci  dapifero ;  Jordano 
Taissun ;  Fulcone  Paenello ;  Johanne  de  Solineio ;  Roberto 
Bertram ;  Hugone  de  Gund[evilla] ;  Ricardo  filio  comitis ; 
Hugone  de  Cressy;  Roberto  de  Stutevilla^ ;,  Roberto  Briton. 
Apud  Cadomum. 

'  Not  there  now. 
^  Counterseal  stated  to  bear  mark  of  [grantor's]  teeth.        '  Trans.  :  "  Eburon." 
"  Trans,  :  "  Sauval."  '  Trans.  :  "  Sirmgeham." 

"  Trans.  ;   "  Arnoldo."  7  Trans. :  <'  Stuton." 


ABBEY  OF  ST,  MAEY,  AUNAY.        187 


[Girc.  1178.]         531.  Charter  of  Bertr&m  (Bertrannus)  de  Verdun,  granting 

n>A  (.^^^jsinal  in     ^  to  the  abbey  of  Aunay  and  the  monks  there  serving  God,  for 

Sesa'[drawW]"    *^®  "^^^^  °^  ^^®  ®°^^  ^"*^  [those]  of  his  predecessors  and  sueces- 

Trans.  Vol.  I.  fo.  8.)  sors,  the  church  of  Limberga,  with  all  its  appurtenances,  lands, 

tithes,  and  all  other    endowments  (elemosine)   free    from   all 

demands  or  service,  and.  reciting   how  the  grant  was  made, 

namely,  that  Richard  de  Humeto  had  given  him,  for  his  service, 

half  the  vill  of  Limberga,  with  the  presentation  to  the  church, 

and  that,  afterwards,  at  the  request  of  Richard,  he  resigned  into 

his  hands  the  right  of  presentation  to  the  church,  which  Richard 

gave  the  monks,  he  himself  joining  in  the  gift,  in  the  presence  of 

king  Henry,  on  condition  that  two  monks  should  always  be 

received  into  the  abbey  who  should  specially  celebrate  divine 

service,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  that  of  his  father. 

[Testes] :  Willelmus  de  Humeto  ;  Engueramus  de  Humeto  ; 
Jordanus  Taisson  ;  Johannes  de  Soligneio  ;  Willelmus  de  Solers ; 
Nicholaus  de  Venoes^ ;  Gualterius  de  Cardon villa ;  Robertus  de 
Manerio  ;  Willelmus  de  SimiUeio. 

[Girc.  1180.]         532.  Charter  of  Henry  IT.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 

(Original  in  archives  to  WUliam  de  Humeto  the  oflSce  of  [royal]  constable,  which  his 

H  "ees'^S^arbfoken.  *^*^^''  Richard  de  Humeto,  held  of  him,  to  be  held  in  fee  and 

See  also  Cart.       inheritance  of  him  and  his  heirs.     He  also  grants  to  William 

Ant.  DD.  1, 2.      what   he   granted    and  gave   to   his  said  father,  in  fee   and 

Trans.  Vol.  I.  fo.  8.)  inheritance  for  his    service,    namely   Standfort   with   all   the 

appurtenances  of  the  castle  and  borough  held  there  by  the  king. 

And  he  further  gives  him  Ketene  with  its  appurtenances  and 

Dudinton  and,  of  Giffard's  fee,  Risemberga  and  Suringeh[am] 

and  the  land  of  Vaddone  and  of  Vinchendone  in  Norfolk  ;    and, 

in  Normandy,  Meisy  and  the  haie  of  La  Luteniere,  etc.     .     .     . 

Testibus :   E[icardo]    Winton[iensi],    et    Henrico    Baiocensi, 

episcopis ;  Nicholao  capellano ;  Waltero  filio  Roberti ;  Ranulfo 

de  Glanvilla ;  Hugone  de  Creissi ;  Fulcone  Paienell ;  Bertrano 

de    Verdun  ;     Eicardo    Giffard  ;     Roberto    de     Stut[evilla^]  ; 

Gilberto  Pipard.     Apud  Cadomum. 

[1181-1188.]        533.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  notifying  that  the  abbot  and  monks 

(Original  in  archives  of  Aunay  and  their  possessions  are  in  his  keeping,  and  directing 

of  the  Calvados,     ^j^g^^  ^^  ^^^  jg  ^^  ^^  them  wrong.     They  are  to  receive  prompt 

Trans.  Vol.  I.  fo.  10.)  justice,  if  wronged,  and  are  to  lose  nothing  to  which  they  are 

entitled  and  to  render  no  unaccustomed  dues  or  services. 

Teste  Willelmo  de  Humeto,  apud  Wodest[ocam*]. 

1186.  534.  Charter  of  Robert  prior  of  St,  Andrew's,  Northampton 

(Original  in  archives  notifying  that  an  agreement  has  been  made,  in  1186,  between 

°^*H  ?25™^°''  himself  and  Vivian  abbot  of  Aunay  and  his  convent  of  Aunay, 

Seal  on  parchmeut  to  this  effect :  Robert  prior  of  Northampton  and  his  convent 

tag-,  its  centre  have  granted  to  the  monks  of  Aunay  of  the  tithe  (decimationis) 

a  fi ''^i^sited,  of  *h^  demesne  of   Aesleb[i]  which  St.    Andrew's   monastery 

with  halo.)  '  possesses  canonically  from    days  of  old,  on  condition  of   the 

1  Now  archives  of  Calvados,  H.  667.  ="  Trans. :  "  Veuses." 

'  Trans.  .  "  Stuton."  "  Trans.:  "Woodstock," 


^  S8  ABBEY  OF  ST.  MAEY,  AUNAY. 

1186. 

monks  of  Aunay  paying  them  six  loads  (suvimas)  of  wheat  etc. 
annually.  And  the  monks  of  Northampton  are  to  receive  this 
annually  at  Aesleb[i]  in  the  barn  (horreo)  of  the  monks  of  Aunsty, 
within  the  octave  of  St.  Michaelmas,  measured  by  the  king's 
great  measure  in  use  {hahitam)  at  Northampton  at  the  time  of 
the  making  of  this  agreement  between  the  above  monks.  To 
secure  the  observance  of  this  agreement  unbroken,  it  is  fortified 
by  the  prior's  seal,  and  by  the  testimony  of  the  persons  named 
below,  and  especially  of  six  priests,  three  on  one  side  and  three 
on  the  other,  pledging  their  faith  for  its  observance,  their  names 
being  :  Josephus,  et  Willelmus  ejus  vicarius  ;  Ricardus  de  Sancto 
Michaele  ;  Willelmus  de  Aisl[ebi] ;  Daniel  de  Siwelle ;  Willelmus 
de  Willeb[i].  Et  aliorum  nomina  sunt  hec ;  Hugo  Eidel  decanus  ; 
Alexander  de  Cranelle  decanus;  Johannes  de  Sancto  Petro; 
magister  Alexander ;  Simon  filius  Widonis. 

1190,  20  June.       535.  Charter  of  Richard  I.   addressed  generally.     He  gives 

(Originalin archives  and    restores  to   his    beloved   officer   {familiari)  Richard   de 

H.  668.  Seal  broken  Humeto,^  for  his  Service  and  homage,  and  to  Gila  his  wife,  and 

[drawing^] .        their  heirs  Popevilla  and  Warrevilla,  with  all  their  appurtenances, 

Trans.  Vol.  I.  fo.  11.)  ^o  be  held  of  him  and  Ids  heirs,   with  Richard's  barony,  as  his 

inheritance  in  riglit  of  Gila  his  wife.* 

Testibus :  Godefrido  Wintoniensi  episcopo ;  Willelmo  filio 
Radulli  senescallo  Normannie ;  Pagano  de  Rochefort  senescallo 
Audegav[ie^] ;  Roberto  de  Harecort ;  Phillippo  de  Columberiis  ; 
Gaufrido  de  Cella;  Willelmo  de  Sancte  Marie  Ecclesia  decano 
Moreton[ensi].  Data  per  manum  Johaunis  de  Alencono 
Lexoviensis  archidiaconi  vicecancellarii  nostri  [xx.  die]  Junii. 
Apud  Chin[onem]  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 

1190,  25  June.       536.  Charter    of    Richard   I.    renewing  above    charter    of 

(Original  in  archives  Henry  II.  to  William  de  Humeto. 
°  Seal  brolTen  ^  Testibus  :  Godefrido  episcopo  Wintoniensi ;  Hugone  episcopo 

Trans.Vol.I.  fo.  12.)  Cestrie  ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulli  senescallo  Normannie  ;  Roberto 
archidiacono  Nottingeham  et  (sic)  filio  ejus';  Pagano  de 
Rocheford  senescallo  Andegav[ie*] ;  Willelmo  comite  Arundel ; 
Roberto  de  Harecurt ,  Willelmo  de  Foro ;  Phillipo  de  Colum- 
beriis ;  Rogero  de  Saceio ;  Godefrido  de  Lacell[is].  Datum 
per  manum  Johannis  de  Alenchun  Lexoviensis  archidiaconi, 
vicecancellarii  nostri,  anno  primo  regni  nostri  vicesima  quinta 
die  Junii,  apud  Turonem. 

'  So  described  by  D'Anisy.  But  when  examined  by  M.  Delislc,  it  was  "daus  la 
collection  de  M.  Lechaude  d'-iVnisy  "  (1853).  It  must  have  been  restored  since, 
for  it  is  now  in  the  Archives. 

^  The  tags  of  this  seal  arc  of  twisted  blue  and  red  silks,  on  which  are  worked,  in 
white  silk,  certain  letters,  forming  the  lines  : 
Jo  sui  druerie 
Ne  mc  dunez  mie 
Ki  nostre  amur  deseivre 

La  raort  pu 

See  M.  Delislc's  "  Notice  sur  les  attaches  d'un  sceau  de  Eichard  Coeur  de  Lion." 
Bihliothique  de  t'ecole  ties  Chartes,  3""°  Serie,  Tom.  IV.,  and  Bulletin  Monumental, 
1»64. 

^  Traus. :  "Humetis."'  ■'  Cf.  Ancient  Charters  (Pipe  Roll  Soc),  p.  91. 

"  lb. :  "  Andcgavensis.".      *  Now  only  a  vidimus  by  the  vicomte  of  Caen  in  1299. 
7  ifech'w*  ;"  filio  ejus  "  [i.e.  Willelmi  filii  Kadufi].  *■  Trans.:  "  Andegavensis." 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARY,  AUNAY.  189 


1194.  537.  Charter  of  Thomas  de  Verduu  granting  to  Sfc.  Mary's, 

(Original  in  archives  Aunay  and  the  monks  there  serving  God  the  gift  made  by 

H.  sge.'^Searbroken.  Juliana  de    Sancto  Remigio,   whose   inheritance   he  possesses 

Trans.Vol.  I.  fo.  13.)  by  hereditary  right,  quit  of  all  service,  aid,  due,  and  other 

secular  exaction,  namely  land  at  Formigneium  worth  a  measure 

(modium)  of  wheat,  a  measure  of  barley  and  eight  measures 

{minas)  of  oats,  with  the  reguard  of  the  men  holding  that  land. 

He  and  his  heirs  will  always  acquit  that  land  of  all  demands 

on  it,  as  being  frank  almoin.     He  makes  this  confirmation  in 

the  year  1194,  and  offers  it,  with  his  own  hands,  on  the  altar 

of  the  abbey  to  last  for  ever. 

Testibus :  Ricardo  de  Garsale ;  Willelmo  de  Follavilla ; 
Willelmo  de  Warwich ;  Ricardo  de  Bartonia  ;  Willelmo  Coquo. 

1201.  538.  Charter  of  Ranulf  earl  of  Chester  notifying  that,  of 

(Original in D'Anisj's  his  pity  and  charity,  he  has  given  to  St.  Mary's,  Aunay  and  its 
""'^^brlkm.^''*'     monks  quittance  of  all  toll  etc.,  when  selling,  buying,  trans- 
Trans.  Vol.  I.  fo.  13.)  furring  or  exchanging  anything  that  belongs  to  themselves,  at 
his  fairs  and  markets,  and  in  all  places  and  lands  under  his 
dominion.     He  prohibits,  under  penalty  of  ]  00  shillings  any 
man  of  his  from  troubling  the  monks  therein. 

Actum  fuit  hoc  apud  Breceium  anno  ab  incarnation  e  Domini 
jjopQOjo  Testibus :  Nicolao  de  Clincampo ;  Willelmo  Bacon ; 
Nicolao  Chamberleng ;  Sylvano  de  Clincampo ;  Ricardo  de 
Clincampo. 

'  Now  archives  of  the  Calvados,  H.  677. 


190 

PRIORY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN, 
PLESSIS-GRIMOULD, 

FOR  AUSTIN  CANONS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE     OP    BAYEUX. 

[Cartulary  in  Archives  of  the  Calvados}} 


[1114-1130.] 

(Cartulary  I.  No.  16. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  15.) 


[Girc.  1130.] 
(Cartulary  11. 

No.  740. 
Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo,  16.) 


[Circ.  1130.] 

(Cartulary  II. 

No.  743(1). 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  17.) 


539.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  (as  king  of  the  English  and  duke 
ot  the  Normans).  He  grants,  for  his  weal  and  that  of  his  wife, 
of  his  sons  a,nd  daughters  (filiorum,  etfiliarwm)  and  his  father 
and  mother  and  all  God's  faithful,  that  the  church  of  St.  Stephen 
in  the  castle  of  the  bishop  of  Bayeux,  called  Plessis  (Plaissitium), 
shall  by  the  gift  of  Sanson  the  priest,  to  whom  it  belongs,  be 
transferred,  with  its  tithes  and  all  its  appurtenances,  to  the  use 
and  possession  of  canons  regular,  etc.  etc.  He  also  confirms  to 
it  the  fee  of  the  said  Sanson,  which  he  holds  of  the  bishop  of 
Bayeux  [specified]  etc 

[Signa]  Hcnrici  regis  Anglorum  ;  Turstini  Eboracensis  archie- 
piscopi ;  [Auuini  Ebroicensis  episcopi^ ;]  Ricardi  Baiocensis 
episcopi ;  Ricardi  Baiocensis  archidiaconi ;  Gaufridi  cantoris 
Baiocensis  ecclesie ;  Willelmi  Baiocensis  subdiaconi ;  Ranulfi 
magistri,  Willelmi,  Herberti,  Johannis,  Hugonis,  canonicorum.^ 

540.  Charter  of  Richard  de  Rollos,*  giving  the  canons 
regular  of  Plessis,  in  the  presence  of  Richard  bishop  of  Bayeux, 
with  the  assent  and  consent  of  his  sons  Richard  and  Robert, 
the  church  of  St.  Martin  of  RoUos,  and  a  "hundred  acres  of  land 
there  ;  and  granting  the  canons  the  tithes  of  his  wood  and  his 
mill  at  Rollos,  also  the  tithe  of  all  his  demesne  in  the  Bessin 
and  30  shillings  sterling  (estellingorum)  [of  rent]  in  England  ; 
all  to  be  free  of  secular  service. 

Hiis  testibus :  Willelmo  Nyobe ;  Roberto  decano  de  Baace^ ; 
Rogero  sacerdote  de  Rollos;  Zacharia  de  Burce,  et  celebrum 
{sic)  fratre®  suo  Ricardo  de  Vaudare ;  Hosmundo  de  Waspre ; 
Pagano  le  Fauc ;  Radulfo  de  Camp-espme ;  Hosmundo  de 
Flory  ;  [Galtero  de  Rocher^] :  Reginaldo  Ohastel,  et  multis  aliis. 

541.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  bishop  of  Bayeux 
and  all  his  barons  and  lieges  of  Normandy.  If  the  church  of 
Rollos,  which  Richard  de  Rollos  has  given,  with  its  appur- 
tenances  to    St.   Stephen's,    Plessis-Grimould    and  the  canons 

'  In  three  Tolumes.  ^  Omitted  in  Transcript. 

^  Trans. :  "  Hugoni  oanonicis."  In  the  Cartulary  the  "  signum  "  of  each  canon 
is  entered  separatelj'.  ■•  See  Feudal  England,  p.  165. 

'  Trans.  :  "  Waace."         ^  Trans.  :  "  oelebro  fratre     .     .     .         Vauldare." 


PRIORY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  PLBSSIS-GRIMOULD.       191 


[Giro.  1130.] 


[1141-1163.] 

(Cartulary  II. 
No.741.'' 
Trans.  Vol.  III. 
fo.  17.) 


with  its  lands  and  other  endowments,  is  of  the  fee  which 
Richard  holds  of  him  in  chief  (in  capite),  and  if  [it  be]  free 
from  claim,  he  grants  the  gift ;  and  St.  Stephen's  is  to  enjoy 
it  and  its  other  possessions  as  fully  as  do  his  other  endowed 
houses  (demoaine). 

Testibus  :  R[oberto]^  de  Sigillo,  et  R[ogero]  de  Fiscanum,^  et 
R[?adulfo]  de  Bellaf[ago],  et  R[oberto]  de  Ver,  et  R[oberto] 
de  Curci.     Apud  Ai-chenci.^ 

542.  Charter  of  Richard  "the  second"  de  RoUos,  giving 
and  granting  to  St.  Stephen's,  Plessis  Grimould,  in  the  presence 
of  Philip  bishop  of  Bayeux,  the  churches  of  Burcy  and  St. 
Martin  of  Trottemer  with  their  tithes  and  appurtenances,  and 
granting  all  the  gifts  that  his  father  Richard  de  Rollos  gave 
for  his  soul  and  that  of  his  wife,  etc.     .     . 


[1155.] 

(Cartulary  I. 

Ko.  17.) 


543.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  confirming  to  the  canons  of 
St.  Stephen's,  Plessis  all  their  possessions. 

Testibus :  Arnulpho  (sic)  Lexoviensi  et  Philippe  Baiocensi 
episcopis,  et  Roberto  episcopo  Lincoliensi  (sic),  et  Thoma  can- 
cellario  et  Ricardo  de  Hummeto.     Apud  Eboracum. 


[1156-1162.] 
(Cartulary  I. 

No.  568. 
Trans.  Vol.  lU. 

fo.  24.) 


544.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  William  [Puinant^] 
and  Ralf  Bigot.  Nicholas,  prior  of  Plessis  is  to  hold  in  peace  the 
endowment  at  Malestrde  {Malestrea)  which  Alvred  Bigot  gave 
him,  and  no  one  is  to  wrong  him  therein ;  and  unless  they  see 
to  this  (feceritis),  his  justice  is  to  do  so. 

Teste  Philippo  episcopo  Baiocensi,  apud  Argent[onium], 


[1156-1162.] 

(Cartulary  III. 

No.  1,364. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  24.) 


545.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  granting  to  St.  Stephen's  of 
Plessis  the  church  of  Planquery  (Planchereium)  with  two 
[out  of  three]  sheaves  of  the  tithe  there,  which  Roger  Bacon 
resigned  into  the  hands  of  Philip  bishop  of  Bayeux,  for 
allowing  his  brother  Philip  de  Columbariis  to  make  his  peace 
with  the  bishop  for  the  death  of  Beatrice  his  niece. 

Testibus :  [Thoma]  cancellario ;  Rogero  de  Hum[eto^]  archi- 
diacono,  et  Ricardo  de  Hum[eto^]  constabulario. 


[Girc.  1170.] 
(Cartulary  II. 

No.  617. 
Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  22.) 


546.  Charter  of  Roger  de  Magnevilla,  giving  to  St.  Stephen's, 
Plessis,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  those  of  his  wife,  father, 
mother,  and  predecessors,  the  church  of  Montchauvet  (de  Monte 
calveto)  with  its  tithes,  endowments,  and  appurtenances,  which 
church'^  had  been  given  by  his  father  Stephen. 

Et  isti  sunt  testes :  Robertus  filius  Roberti ;  Willermus 
Avenel;  Johannes  de  Ausnevilla;  Nicholaus  Folin;  Robertus 
Rosel ;  Gaufridus  clericus  domini  de  Magnavilla ;  Gaufridus  de 


1  Trans  :  "  Eioardo." 
'  Trans.  :  "A.  de  Fiscanno."  ^  /*•  ••  "  Archengy." 

Follpwed  by  a  charter  of  confirmation  from  William  his  son  (No.  742). 
5  Omitted  in.  Transcript.  "  Trans. :  "  Humetis.' 

'  Trans.  :    "  hujus  autem  medietatis  ecclesie." 


192 


PElOEr  OF  S  r.  STEPHEN,  PLESSIS-GKIMOULD. 


[Circ.  1170.] 


Camboti ;  Ricardus  Burnold;  Henricus  de  Alneto ;  Radulfus 
de  Carevilla ;  Rogerus  de  Ferrariis ;  Godefridus  de  Caisneto, 
[et  aliii]. 


[Circ.  1170.] 

(Cartulary  II. 

No.  767. 

Traue.  Vol.III. 

fo,  83.) 


[1169-1184.] 

i(Cartulary  I. 

No.  18.) 


[1168-1181.] 
11  Jan. 

(Original  in 

private  hands. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  2.5.) 

[1167-1175.] 

(Cartulary  II. 

No.  849. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  18.) 


547.  Charter  of  Mabira  daughter  of  earl'  Robert  [of  Glou- 
cester] mother  of  Jordan  de  Campo  Ernjalfi,  and  lady  of  Maison- 
celles  (Mansum  cellarum).  For  the  weal  of  her  soul  etc.  she 
confirms  to  the  canons  regular  of  Plessis  the  gift,  by  her  son 
Jordan,  of  the  church  of  St.  Amand  of  Maisoncelles  in  alms  for 
ever. 

Testibus  :  Rogero  eancellario  ;  Henrico  eantore ;  Jordano, 
Roberto,  et  Radulfo  archidiaconis  ;  Radulfo  de  Gouviz ;  Gisle- 
berto  canonico  ;  (Jregorio  clerico  ;  Ranulfo  de  Thain  ;  Alexaudro 
Beuet ;  magistro  GodV  et  pluribus  aliis.^ 

548.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.  He  grants  to  prior 
Nicholas  and  the  canons  regular  of  Plessis  that  portion  of  the 
wood  of  Montpinchum  which  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux  has 
given  them,  together  with  the  gift  by  Robert  Patrie  and 
Phiiippa  de  Rosel  his  wife  of  the  churches  in  Philippa's  fee 
etc 

Teste  (sic)  Henrico  Baiocensi  et  Frogerio  Sagiensi,  episcopis, 
et  Hvigone  de  Cressi.     Apud  Falesiam. 

549.  Letter  of  pope  Alexander  III.  addressed  to  Nicholas  the 
prior  and  the  brethren  of  Plessis.  He  confirms  to  them  the 
churches  of  Planchere,  Berniferes,  and  Mundervilla  with  the 
tithes  etc 

Datum  Ben[e]vent[i],  iij.  idus  Januarii. 

550.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.  He  grants  and  gives 
to  Nicholas  the  prior  and  the  canons  regular  of  Plessis,  in  alms 
for  ever,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul,  the  church  of  St.  Mary  of 
Ivranda  with  its  tithes  and  appurtenances.  The  prior  is  to 
appoint  there  seven  canons  regular  to  serve  it;  for  whose 
support  the  king  grants  and  gives  for  ever  100  pounds  of  Anjou 
from  {in)  his  'prevdU  of  Bayeux  ;  and  if,  at  any  time,  another 
money  should  there  have  currency  (ciucurrerit),  then  100 
pounds  of  that  money,  similarly,  a  year.  And  the  canons  and 
all  their  property  are  to  be  free,  throughout  his  dominions,  from 
toll,  passage  [money]  and  every  due.  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux, 
for  the  love  of  God  and  of  himself  has  set  that  church  free 
from  all  episcopal  dues  etc. 

Testibus  :  R[otrodo]  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo  ;  A[rnulfo] 
Lexoviensi  episcopo ;  H[enrico]  Baiocensi  episcopo ;  F[rogero] 


'  Not  in  Cartulary. 

2  No  witnesses  to  this  charter  are  given  in  this  Cartulary.  This  list  belongs 
to  the  preceding  charter  (No.  766)  by  vfhich  Jordan  de  Campo-Ernulfi  makes  the 
above  gift  in  the  presence  of  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux, 


PlilORr  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  PLESSIS-GRIMOULD.     193 


[1167-1175.] 

Sagiensi  episcopo ;  E[gidio]  Ebroiceusi  episcopo ;  R[icardo] 
Abrincensi  episcopo ;  Stephano^  Rhedonensi  episcopo  ;  Ricardo 
de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Jordano  Taisson ;  Ricardo  iilio 
'  comitis ;  Willelmo  de  Curcy ;  Archenbaldo  constabulario  de 
Tenerchebray.     A  pud  Argentonium. 

[1170-1175.]  551.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  granting  to  Hugh  son  of 
Osbert  and  his  heirs  the  land  which  belonged  to  Crabaid,  and 
which  had  escheated  to  the  bishop,  who  has  given  it  him  to 
be  held  for  ever  at  the  annual  rent  of  a  pound  of  pepper  and  a 

pound  of  cummin  etc 

Testibus :  "Willelmo  de  Curceio  dapifero ;  Willelmo  do 
Humeto  ;  Gilleberto  Malet  dapifero  ;  Rogero  Bacon ;  Benedicto 
de  Angervilla  ;  Hamone  pincerna     Apud  Barbefluctum. 


(Cartulary  III. 

No.  1,435. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  'i4.) 


1174, 31  May. 

(Cartulary  I. 

Wo.  271. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  21.) 


[1174-1189.] 

(Charter  in 

private  hands. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  19.) 


[1180-1183.] 

(Cartulary  III. 
No.  1,383.) 


552.  Charter  of  Richard  de  Humeto,  constable  of  the  king 
of  England,  addressed  to  all  his  men  of  France  and  England, 
present  and  future.  He  gives  to  William  de  Mesheudin,  his  man 
and  knight,  the  land  of  Crespigny  for  his  service  etc 

Actum  est  anno  ab  incamatione  Domini  nostri  Jesu  Christi 
M°c°  septuagesimo  quarto,  mense  Maii,  pridie  kalend[as]  Junii ; 
apud  Bellummontem,  presentibus  istis :  Willelmo  de  Humeto, 
Eingueranno  de  Humeto,  Jordano  de  Humeto  filiis  meis; 
Waltero  de  Cardunvilla ;  Willelmo  Garb' ;  WiUelmo  [de] 
Coisneriis ;  Eudone  dapifero  meo ;  Jordano  de  Maisnillo ; 
Radulfo  de  Agnis;  Hugone  de  Mara;  et  pluribus  aliis. 

553.  Charter  of  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux,  confirming  to  the 
canons  regular  the  gifts  made  to  them  [specified],  and  reciting 
that  at  the  prayer  and  request  of  king  Henry  [II.]  he  had 
conferred  on  them  immunity  from  synodals,  aids,  "  circate,"  and 
all  episcopal  [obligations],  saving  only  episcopal  obedience. 
Among  the  gifts  are  the  church  of  Savenaium  with  its  tithes 
and  appurtenances  from  William  de  Curseio  and  Robert  his 
son,  that  of  Noers,  with  all  its  tithes,  lands,  and  appurtenances, 
from  Ralf  de  Noers  andT'his  sons,  Hugh  and  Henry,  William 
de  Calyne,  and  his  son  William  t]ie  younger,  Robert  de  Noers 
and  his  sons,  Hugh,  Henry  and  William  ....  half  a 
peck  (modium)  of  wheat  from  the  tithes  of  Lengrona  given 
by  Philip  de  Columberiis  etc.     .     . 

554.  Notification  by  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux  that  Henry 
the  second,  the  glorious  king  of  the  English  (AngV)  has  given 
and  granted  to  the  priory  (ecclesie)  of  St.  Stephen  of  Plessis 
and  its  canons  regular  and  to  the  priory  of  Ivrande  the  churches 
of  La  Cambe  {Camha)  and  St.  Stephen  at  the  ford  of  the  Vire 
{super  vad'  Vire),  and,  to  shew  his  devotion  and  the  great 
humility  of  his  heart,  on  bended  knees  presented  before  the 
bishop  the  prior  of  these  canons  to  those  churches,  placing  them 
in  his  [the  bishop's]  hand.     This  gift  the  bishop  confirms. 

1  The  Transcript  omits  the  bishop  of  Bayeux,'  misplaces  the  bishop  of  Avrunches, 
and  reads  "  Thoma,"  instead  of  "  Stephano  "  ("Sth'o  "  in  Cartulary)  for  the  bishop 
of  Eeunes. 


e     92684. 


194 
[1180-1183.] 


PRIORY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  PLESSIS-GRIMOULD. 


[Circ.  1190.] 

(Cartulary  II. 

No.  619. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  23.) 


[1185-1191.] 

(Cartulary  II. 
No.  881.) 


[1164-1189.] 

(Cartulary  I. 

No.  518.-^ 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  21,) 


[1154-1187.] 

(Cartulary  II. 
No.  880.) 


Testibus :  Gtaufrido  filio  dicti  Regis  ;  magistro  Waltero  de 
Gonstantiis  Oxon[iensj]  archidiacono ;  Radulfo  archidiacono 
Hereford[ensi] ;  Willelmo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Willelmo 
fiKo  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie  ;  f ratre  Eogero  elemosinario ; 
Hugone  de  Morwic  dapifero;  Hugone  Bard[ulf],  et  pluribus 
aliis 

555.  Charter  of  Robert  earl  of  Leicester,  notifying  that  he 
has  granted  to  Ralf  prior  of  Plessis  the  church  of  St.  Samson  of 
Montchauvet  {Monte-calveto),  with  all  its  appurtenances,  saving 
the  rights  of  the  abbey  (ecclesie)  of  St.  Evroul. 

Testibus  hiis:  Nicholao  de  Gloz ;  Philippo  de  Aubigne ; 
Willelmo  capellano ;  Andrea  de  Ocaumes^ ;  Luca  clerico ;  Galtero 
le  Franceys,  et  pluribus  aliis. 

556.  Charter  of  Hugh  de  Corterva  notifying  that  he  has 
granted  the  gift  which  his  uncle  William  de  Traci  made  to 
Alan  de  Traci  clerk — before  his  crime  against  St.  Thomas — of  all 
the  churches  on  his  land  {fecit  forefactum  quod  fecit  de  Sancto 
Thoma  in  OTnnibus  ecclesiis  terre  sue%  Thomas  the  clerk,  who 
possesses  them,  paying  Alan  an  annual  pension.  He  has  there- 
fore presented  the  said  Alan  before  John  bishop  of  Exeter ;  and 
ratifying  what  his  lord,  William  de  Traci  had  done,  he  grants 
Alan  all  the  churches  of  his  land  to  be  possessed  after  the 
death  of  Thomas  his  vicar. 

Testibus  :  Olivero  de  Traci ;  Pagano  de  Tirun  (?)  ;  Mathia  de 
Pinu ;  Ricardo  de  Chou ;  Willermo  Beve ;  WiHermo  de  Palle 
Grente  ;  Olivero  de  Blonc,  etc. 

557.  Charter  of  Philippa  de  Rosel,  daughter  of  Hugh  de 
Rosel,  giving  the  canons  regular  of  Plessis,  in  the  presence  of 
king  Henry  and  of  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux,  the  church  of 
Athys  with  all  its  appurtenances,  and  confirming  the  gift  of 
fifty  acres  of  land  by  Hugh  de  Rosel  her  father. 

558.  Charter  of  W[illiam]  bishop  of  Le  Mans  notifying 
that  W[illiam]  de  Traceio  had  built  a  house  for  lepers  at 
Coismas,  and  had  assigned  them  property  for  their  livelihood, 
but  that  this  house  having  stood  empty  for  some  time,  he,  at 
the  prayer  of  Henry  king  of  the  English,  assigned  its  revenues 
to  Alan  the  clerk,  brother  to  the  said  W[illiam].  Afterwards 
on  Alan  surrendering  them,  of  his  own  accord  to  him,  he,  at 
Alan's  entreaty,  and  by  king  Henry's  command,  gave  them  to 
the  priory  {ecclesie)  of  Ivrande  etc.     .     . 

Huic  donationi^  ....  interfuerunt :  Esgaretus  capel- 
lanus  episcopi  Baiocensis  ;  Ivo  magister  scolarum ;  etc. 

'  Trans.  :  "  Ocoaghes." 

-^  The  text  is  obscure,  but  the  best  sense  is  made  by  reading  "  donationem  .  . 
.     .    in  omnibus  ecclesiis,"  etc. 

'  By  another  charter  (/6.,  No.  519)  made  also,  in  their  presence,  she  gives  the 
church  of  St.  Martin  of  Kosel  and  others ;  and  by  a  third  (Vol.  II.,  No.  659)  she 
gives  all  she  possessed  in  the  fief  of  Mesnil-Trichart  in  the  parish  of  Keculey. 


PRIOEY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  PLESSIS-GRIMOULD.     195 


[1193-1197.]  559.  Charter  of  Hugh  de    Coterna,  giving  the  canons  of 

<Cartulary  II.        Plessis  and  of   Yvrande  the  endowment  at  Coysmon  and   the 

Trans^VoT'lii.     °^^^^   g^^*^   which  William   de  Tracy,  his   uncle,  gave  them 

fo.  25.)  previously,  in  accordance  with  the  charters  of  king  Henry  and 

of  William  bishop  of  Le  Mans. 

Hoc  fuit  factum  apud  Cadomum  ad  scaccarium  coram 
Willelmo  filio  Radulfi^  tunc  aenescallo  Normannie.  Testibus 
hiis :  Willelmo  de  Longo-campo  domini  regis  cancellario,  et 
Willelmo  Oonstanciensi  episcopo ;  Garino  episcopo  Ebroicensi, 
et  pluribus  aliis. 

[1174-1180.]  560-  Notification  by  Ralf  de  Hamars  that,  in  the  presence 
(Cartulary  I.        of  Henry  bishop  of  Bayeux  and  of  William  son  of  Ralf  and  of 

Trans?ni  fo  22 )  ^^®  barons  in  session  at  the  exchequer,  he  has  confirmed  (con- 
cessi)  the  gift  by  Philippa  de  Eosel  his  wife,  to  Nicholas  the 
prior  and  the  canons  regular  of  Plessis,  before  her  marriage 
etc according  to  her  charter  and  that  of  the  king. 

1197,  17  April.      561.  Charter   of    Richard  I.   reciting   and   confirming   the 
(Cartulary  I.      charters  of  Richard  in  favour  of  the  priory  of  Plessis,  and 
Trans  Vol  III      adding  the  churches  of  Cambes,  St.  Clement,  Montanger,  and 
fo.  26.)  Bucy. 

Testibus:  Waltero  Rothomagensi,  et  Johanne  Dublinensi 
archiepiscopis ;  Henrico  Baiocensi ;  Guarino  Ebroicensi,  Lisiardo 
Sagiensi,  Guillelmo  Constanciensi  episcopis  ;  magistro  maugerio 
thesaurario ;  magistro  Rogero  de  Sancto  Edmundo ;  Roberto, 
Balduino,  et  Johello^  capellanis  uostris ;  R[adulfo]  comite 
Augiensi ;  Willelmo  Mariscallo  ;  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo 
Normannie ;  R[icardo]  camerario  de  Tankarvilla ;  Walkeliao  de 
Ferrariis ;  Ricardo  Selvein.^  Datum  per  manum  nostram  apud 
Bellum  castellum  de  Rupe  xvij.*  die  Aprilis  anno  regni  nostri 
octavo. 

[1189-1199.]        562.  Charter    of  Richard    de  Cambernof    giving    to    the 
(Cartulary  II.      canons  regular  of  Yvrande  the  church  of  St.  Cornier  (Sanctus 
Trans"  Vof  III      GoTTielius)  with  all  its  tithes  and  appurtenances. 

fo.  24.)  Hiis  testibus  :  Johanne  comite  Moret[onii] ;  Rannulfo  comite 

Cestrie ;  Alano  filio  eomitis ;  Savarico  de  Samai° ;  Nicholas 
Avenel:  Radulfo  de  Hamaic^;  Roberto  de  Hamarz;  Gaufrido 
capellano  de  Mostun' ;  [magistro  Benedicto ;  Symone  Pitot ; 
Ricardo  de  Borun ;  Ranulf o  de  Vire  ;  Sansone  Foliot ;  Gaufrido 
de  Sancto  Bricio*] ;  et  pluribus  aliis. 

[N.  D.]  563.  Charter  of  Jordan  de  Champern[on]  confirming  (con- 

(Cartularyll.       cedo)  to  the  canons  regular  of  Plessis  and  Ivrande  his  brother 
Ko.859.)         Richard's  gift. 

Hii  sunt  testes :  Radulfo  de  Mondrevilla  ;  Radulfo  de  Bosco ; 
Roberto  de  Burceio ;  Gaufrido  Carpentario ;  Derhentore  Moinot ; 
Willermus  de  Fegeroll[is]  ;  Johannes  I'itot,  et  plures  alii. 

1  Trans. ,  "  Eicardi"  ;     Cart. :  "  Rio'  Kadulfi." 
2  Trans.  :  "  Joscello."  '•>  Omitted  in  Transcript  ^  Trans.  :  «  xxiij." 

*  "  Sameyo  "  in  Transcript.  "  "  Hamarc  ''  omitted  in  Transcript. 

7  "  de  Mostun  "  omitted  in  Transcript.  "  All  the  names  omitted  in  Transcript. 

N    2 


196 


PRIORY  OF  ST.  STEPHEN,  PLESSIS-GRIMOULD. 


[1189-1199.] 
12  April. 

(Cartulary  I., 

No.  31. 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  20.) 


564.  Charter  of  John,  couot  of  Mor tain  (iforetome),  addressed 
to  all  his- officers  of  Normandy  and  England.  For  the  weal  of 
his  soul  and  that  of  his  brother,  and  [those]  of  all  his  preile- 
cessors  he  gives  to  the  priory  (do'tnui)  of  Plessis-Grimould  and  of 
Ivrande  and  the  canons  there  serving  God  freedom  to  buy  and 
sell  throughout  his  land,  quit  [of  toll],  all  that  their  servants 

can  declare  to  be  for  fteir  own  use in  cities,  boroughs 

{hurgis),  vills  [and]  ports,  within  fairs  and  without. 

Testibus  :  Willelmo  Wenn' ;  Humberto  de  Carenti ;  Rogero 
de  Amundevilla;  Henrico  de  Ponte  Aldomari;  Ricardo  de 
Fontineto ;  Thoma  de  Evercy ;  Hugone  de  Valnoise ;  Willelmo 
Eule  ;  Hugone  Malebisse.^  Apud  Insulam  Bonam  xij.  die  Aprilis 
[per  manum  Johannis  de  Grai^]. 


[]  189-1199.] 

(Cartulary  I., 

No.  30.-'' 
Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  20.) 


565.  Charter  of  John  count  of  Mortain  (Moreton)  and  [earl] 
of  Gloucester,  notifying  that,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  [those] 
of  king  Henry  his  father  and  of  his  predecessors,  he  has  given 
to  St.  Stephen's,  Plessis  the  church  of  Winburne  with  the  office 
of  dean  {decaiiatu)  and  all  appurtenances,  reserving  only  to 
himself  the  first  presentation  after  the  departure  (destUutionem) 
of  Peter  de  Mellent. 

Hiis  testibus :  Rogero  de  Amundevilla ;  Rogero  de  Montebegon 
Oodefrido  Esturmi ;  magistfo  Benedicto  ;  Huberto  de  Burgo  ; 
Johanne  de  Gray,  et  multis  aliis.     Apud  Iverandam. 


1203,  25  Sept. 

(Cartulary  II., 

No.  856. 
Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo   26.) 


566.  Charter  of  John,  granting  to  the  canons  of  St.  Mary  of 
Ivrande  the  land  at  Presles  (Praterie)  with  all  its  appurtenances, 
that  Robert  Marslial  held,  which  he  gave  them  while  he  was 
count  of  Mortain. 

Testibus:  K[oberto]  comite  Leycestrie ;  W[illelmo]  comite 
d'Arundello ;  W[illelmo]  comite  de  Ferrariis ;  Willelmo  de 
Breosa ;  Petro  de  Pratell[is*] ;  Warino  filio  Geroldi ;  Roberti  de 
Veteri  ponte.  Datum  per  manum  S[iraonis]  prepositi  [Beverlaci] 
et  archidiaconi  Wellensis  apud  Boz'  xxv.  die  Septembris  anno 
regni  nostri  quinto. 


'  Names  of  these  witnesses  very  incorrect  in  Transcript. 

^  Omitted  in  Transcript. 

'  No,  33  is  a  charter  of  Isabel,  countess  of  Gloucester  and  Mortain,  similarly 

giving  the  church   of   Wimburnc,   for  the   soul   of  her  father   William   earl    of 

(iloucester,  and  attested  by  the  same  witnesses  with  the  addition  of  Bartholomew 

the  chaplain  and  .John  the  clerk. 

■•  Cart.  ;  "Pratello,"  '  ?  7?cc<z'us  Bur  [urn] . 


197 


PRIORY  OF  STE.  BARBE-EN-AUCxE  (IN 
ECAJEUL  ON  THE  DIVE), 

FOR   AUSTIN    CANONS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE    OP    LISIEUX. 

[Original  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Calvados.] 


[N.  D.]  567.  Charter  of  Odo  Stigandus,  reciting  that,  actuated  by 

(Original  in  archives,  i-eligious   motives,  and    strengthened    [in  his  resolve]  by  the 

Trans.  A''ol.  I.  fo.  21.)  fj^j^jfy}  counsel  and   aid  of   his  barons  and   friends,    he   has 

established  six  canons  in  the  church  of  St.  Martin  at  Escajeul 

(Scaiolioluin)  and  provided  for  their  daily  necessities,  etc.     .     . 

[Sigua]    Odonis    Stigandi ;    Osmundi    Boend ;     Serlonis    de 

Mansione-Malgerii ;  Willelmi  de  Mirebel ;  Hugonis  Buscardi  de 

Iz  ;  Ranulfi  de  Iz ;  Grantonis  de  Wals  ;  Badulfi  de  Wals. 

[1067-1073.]  To  secure  the  substance  and  rights  of  the  priory,  Odo 
presented  the  canons  to  his  lord  William  duke  of  the  Normans  at 
Troam  (Troardensem)  and  commended  to  his  custody  and  de- 
fence the  priory  with  all  its  rights  in  the  presence  of  .John 
archbishop  of  Eouen  and  of  certain  bishops,  abbots,  and  barons. 
[And]  the  duke,  receiving,  with  humble  devotion,  the  benefit[s] 
of  the  priory  and  of  its  prayers,  committed  it,  in  turn  to  Roger 
de  Montgomery  for  safe  keeping. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  Normannorum  duels;  Johannis  Rothoraa- 
gensis  archiepiscopi ;  Hugonis  Lexoviensis  episcopi ;  Michaelis 
Abrincarum'  episcopi ;  Durandi  Troardensis  abbatis ;  Ainardi 
Sancte  Marie  Divensis^  abbatis  ;  Nicholai  Sancti  Audoeni  abbatis ; 
Rogeri  de  Montegommery  ;  Rogeri  de  Bellonaonte  ;  Willelmi  filii 
Osberti  de  Britolio. 

[?  1128.]  568.  Charter  of  Rabel  the  chamberlain  son  of  William  the 

(Vidimus  of  1467  chamberlain.  For  the  weal  of  the  soul  of  his  lord  king  Henry, 
in  ^rcbives.  ^^  f^^  ^r^^  redemption  of  his  [own]  soul,  and  those  of  his  father  and 
mother  and  all  his  predecessors,  also  for  the  soul  of  Agnes  his 
wife  deceased,  by  the  counsel  and  with  the  assent  of  the  king 
and  of  his  father  William  and  of  John  bishop  of  Lisieux,  he 
establishes  canons  regular  in  the  church  of    St.  Martin  and 

'  Sic  in  Trans.  =  d.  1073. 


198  PRIORY  OF  STE.  BAEBE-EN-AUGE. 

[?  1128.] 

Ste.  Barbe  at  Escajolet,  and  for  their  support  etc.  ...  he 
further  bestows  on  them,  of  his  own  possessions,  in  England : 
10  pounds  sterliag  a  year  in  the  soke  of  Graham,  namely,  at 
Colsteuorda  100  shillings,  and  at  Stroxton  (Hochestona)  and 
Sumercheby  4  pounds,  and  20  shillings  from  the  mill  of  Stoke 
(Flochez);  in  the  vale  (valle)  of  Gloucester,  the  whole  manor 
of  Becheford  and  of  Ashton  (Aissetonvda)  as  he  held  it  freely 
in  demesne,  reserving  nothing  to  himself  in  dues,  pleas,  or  labour 

(operationibtos)  etc [He  grants  them]  the  pleas  of 

all  their  men  free  in  their  court.  And  if  they  or  their  men 
should  bring  a  claim  against  his  own  the  case  is  to  be  tried  in 
the  court  of  the  canons.  ...  He  further  grants  the  land 
that  Lesza  wife  of  Robert  de  Abetot  gave  them  at  her  death, 

and  which  [gift]  Robert  placed  upon  the  altar also 

the  exchange  between  the  canons  and  Odo  de  Canun,  with  his 
sons  Thomas  and  William,  for  their  help  of  him  against  the 
justice[s]  of  king  Henry  and  their  expenses  [therein]  etc.     . 

[1130-1133.]  569.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  [as  king  of  the  English  and  duke 

(Originai[?]  in       of  the  Normans]  addressed  to  Hugh  archbishop  of  Rouen,  John 

Leather  taff  for  seal,  l^'^^hop  of  Lisieux,  and  all  the  other  bishops  of   Normandy  and 

Trans.  Vol  I.  fo.27.)  all  his  barons.     He  grants  all  that  Odo  Stigandus  and  his  men 

have  given  to  the  church  of  St.  Martin  of  Escajolet  as  recited 

herein,  at  the  prayer  of  William  the  chamberlain  of  TancarviUa 

and   Rabel  his  son,  and  all  that  they  themselves  have  added 

since,  both  in  England   and   Normandy,  for  the  support  of  tbe 

canons  regular  there,  as  recited  herein.     [The  charter  of   Odo 

Stigandus  ut  supra,  is  here  recited  in  full.] 

Subsequently,  namely  in  the  28th  year  of  his  reign,  that  is,  in 
1128,  he  and  William  the  chamberlain,  nephew  (nepos)  of  the 
said  Odo,  and  William's  son  Rabel,  by  divine  inspiration, 
discussed  with  the  then  canons  of  the  church,  John  bishop  of 
Lisieux  advising  and  assisting,  the  ordering  of  the  church  and 
all  its  possessions  according  to  the  rule  of  the  blessed  Augustine. 
So  it  was  arranged  that  the  bishop  should  introduce  canons 
there,  giving  them  full  enjoyment  of  the  possessions,  saving  his 
episcopal  rights.  [The  charter  of  Rabel,  ut  supra,  is  here  recited 
in  full.] 

[Signa]  Henrici  regis  Anglie ;  regine  Anglie^ ;  Johannis 
Liixoviensis  episcopi ;  Rabelli  camerarii ;  Turstini  archiepiscopi 
Eboracensis ;  [Roberti]  comitis  Gloecestrie^ ;  Guillelmi  comitis 
Varenne^ ;  Roberti  comitis  Leecestrie* ;  Pagani  Piuvrelli.^ 

1137.  570.  Charter  of  Stephen  as  king  of  the  English  and  duke 

(Original  in  archives."  of  the  Normans  addressed  generally.     He  confirms  all  the  gifts 

Tran^s^  Vo^i!l''fo.'32.)  ^^^^  ^Y  ^^°  Stigandus  and  his  men  to  the  priory  (ecclesie)  of 

St.    Martin   and    Ste.  Barbe   of  Ecajeul    {Sancta  Barbara  de 

Escajolet)  as  described  in  the  charters  of  his  grandfather  king 

'  Omitted  in  Transcript.  ^  Xrans.  -.   "  de  Glocestria." 

»  Trans.:  "deVarenna."  4  Trans.  :  "  de  Leecestria." 

*  The  appearance  of  this  charter  (which  has  a  parchment  tag  for  the  seal)  is  some- 
what suspicious. 


PKIORY  OF  STE.  BARBE-EN-AUGE.  199 


1137. 

William  and  his  uncle  Idng  Henry,  at  the  prayer  of  Hugh 
archbishop  of  Rouen  and  of  his  dearest  brother  Theobald 
count  of  Blois,  and  at  the  request  of  Rabel  de  Tancardivilla 
his  chamberlain,  confirming  them  all  and  those  of  Rabel  in  the 
second  year  of  his  reign,  the  year  1137. 

Hsec^  vero  omnia  predicte  eeclesie  imperpetuum  obtinenda 
regia  auctoritate  confirmo  et  a  deo  mihi*  coUata  potestate 
corroboro  etc     ...     . 

Testibus :  R[ogero]  cancellario  ;  R[oberto]  comite  Gloecestrie ; 
G[alerano]  comite  de  Mellent ;  Gxih[ero]  de  Alneto ;  Willelmo 
de  Alb[inineio]  pincema,^  et  Hugone  Bigoto,  et  Roberto  Maleto 
et  Roberto  de  Curceio,  et  Ricardo  filio  Ursi,  et  Willelmo 
Maled[octo^],  et  Johanno  Marescallo.     Apud  Pontem  Aldomari. 

[1168-1190.]  571.  Charter  of  Robert,  earl  of  Leicester,  granting  to  the 
(Original  in  archives,  priory  (ecclesie)  of  St.  Mary  and  Ste.  Barbe  and  the  canons  there 
Trans!  VoLl.fo.3i.)  serving  God,  for  the  souls  of  his  father  and  mother,  and  for  the 
weal  of  his  own  soul  and  that  of  P[etronilla]  his  wife,  their 
children,  predecessors  and  successors,  those  40  shillings  [of  rent] 
which  she  gave  them  for  the  souls  of  her  father  and  mother, 
whose  bodies  rest  there,  to  be  paid  annually  on  the  feast  of  St. 
Gregory  from  her  rent  at  Lire. 

Testes  fuerunt :  Rogerus  filius  mens ;  Rogerus  capellanus 
mens ;  Guilbertus  capellanus  ;  Willelmus  de  Wivilla  ;  Willelmus 
de  Campain';  Hamon  de  Hotot ;  Nicholaus  de  Gloz,  et  pluribus 
aliis  (sic). 

[N.  D.]  572.  Charter  of  William  de  Bellocampo,  addressed  to  his 

(Original  in  archives,  sons,  his  friends,  his  tenants  and  all  others.     For  the  weal  of 

Trans  Vol  T  fo°33 )  ^^  ^'^^^  ^^^  [those]  of  all  his  predecessors  and  his  sons,  he 

releases    (dimisi)  and  gives  to   Ste.  Barbe    and   his  beloved 

brethren  the  canons  there  serving  God  all  his  claim  and  that  of 

his  heirs  to  the  manor  of  Becheford  and  its  appurtenances. 

[1185-1189.]         673.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 

(Original  in  archives,  to  the  priory  (ecclesie)  of  St.  Martin  and  Ste.  Barbe  and  its 

Tran8.^Vol.l.fo.33.)gg^^Q^g  all  the  gifts  that  have  been  made  to  it,  [namely,]  of  the 

gifts  of  Rabel  the  chamberlain,  in  England,  the  whole  manor 

of  Bekeford,  as  held  by  his  father  William   in   the   time   of 

Henry  I.  etc of  the  gift  of  William  the  chamberlain 

son  of  Rabel,  rights  in  his  wood  of  Colestewurd[e] ;  in  exchange 
from  Joscelin  de  Perceio  and  Roger  and  Robert  his  brothers 
the  land  they  held  among  (inter)  the  canons'  vines  adjoining 

the  priory  (ecclesiam)  of  Ste.  Barbe,  etc [gifts  in 

Normandy  specified  in  great  detail]  ....  of  the  gift  of 
Robert  earl  of  Leicester  those  40  shillings  which  P[etroni]la] 
his  wife  gave  the  canons  from  (in)  the  revenues  of  Lire,  to  be 

'  This  last  clause  (including  the  witnesses)  is  in  another  handwriting. 
=  Pincema  omitted  in  Transcript.  '  Trans.:  "Molend[ario]." 

■*  The  witnesses  given  in  French  only. 


200  PEIORY  OF  STE.  BARBE-EN- AU  GE. 

[1185-1189.] 

received  annually ;  of  the  gift   of  Henry  de  Novo  Burgo  20 
shillings  of  usual  money,  annually,  on  St.  Luke's  day,  from  (in) 

the  prevoU  of  Neufbourg  {Novi  Burgi)  etc 

Testibus :  Waltero  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo  ;  Hennco 
Baiocensi,  Willelmo  Constantiensi,  et  Johanne  Ebroicensx 
episcopis ;  [Gaufrido  cancellario  filio  meoi] ;  Martino  Cerasiensi, 
et*  Petro  Caddomensi  (sic),  abbatibus  ;  Willelmo  de  Humeto 
constabulario  ;  Willelmo  iilio  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie  ; 
Sehero  de  Quinci^  Hugone  de  Creissi;  Willelmo  de  Mara; 
Thoma  Bardulf ;  Ricardo  de  Canvilla;  Hamone  pincerna. 
Apud  Burum. 

Seal  described  by  D'Anisy  as  fine  ;  but  only  a  fragment  now  left  on  handsome 
tag  of  twisted  silks. 

[?1190],  574.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.      He  has 

24  Feb.        taken  under  his  protection  the  priory  of  Ste.  Barbe  etc.     The 

(Original  in  archives  house  and  its  prior  and  canons  and  all  its  possessions  are  to 

6eS  broken'        ^"^  guarded  accordingly  both  in  ecclesiastical  and  in  lay  rights. 

Trans^Vol L p°'34)  The  prior  and   canons  are  not  to  be  impleaded  except  before 

himself,  or,  by  his    special  writ,  before  his  chief  justice. 

Teste  meipso  apud  ChinoHem  xxiiij.  die  Februarii. 

'  Omitted  in  Trauicript.  -  Trans.  :   "  Serlon  de  Quigny." 


201 

ABIiEY  OF   ST.   DESIR, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  NUNS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OP    LISIEUX. 

{Original  Docuwents  in  Archives  of  the  Calvados.'] 


[1050-1060.]        575.  Charter  of  William  "  prince"  of  the  Normans,  granting 
(Original  in  archives,  at  the  request  of  Hugl)  bishop  of  Lisieux  and  Liecelina  his 
'l'rans.Vol.l.fo.i47.)jjjQjjj^j.  ^j^g  place  Called  St.  Desir,  in  the  suburbs  of  Lisieux 
for  a  monastery  in  honour  of  St.  Mary  and  St  D^sir. 

[Signa]  Willelmi  coraitis ;  Hugonis  episcopi ;  Rogerii  de 
Montgomerico ;  Willelmi  filii  Osberui ;  Eoberti  fratiis  comitis  ; 
Kadulfi  Taxoiiis  ;  Erneisi  ;  Ricardi  vicecomitis ;  Turoldi  ; 
Hugonis  ;  Radulfi  ;  Viviani. 

1147.  576.  Charter  of  Geoffrey,  duke  of  Normandy  and  count  of 

(Original  in  archives.  Aujou,  addressed  to  Hugh  archbibliop  of  Rouen.  He  has  given 
Trans.'Vol.l.fo.i48.)^j^p  brethren  of  the  Hospital  the  market  dues  of  Villedieu,  on 
condition  that  they  allow  the  abbess  and  nuns  of  St.  Mary  of 
Lisieux  to  enjoy  half  this  right  and  that  the  nuns  share  with 
them  the  market  dues  of  Sautchevruil,  which  they  have  been 
theirs. 

Mirebeau.     Easter  1147. 

[1169-1175.]        577.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  granting  to  the  nuns  of  St.  Mary 

(Original  in  archives,  of  Lisieux,  a  moiety  of  the  maiket  {fori)  and  permission  to  have 

rans.  o .  .  o.      .)  ^j^gjp  ^^y^  officer  there  to  receive   the   profits  as  was  agreed 

between   the   Hospitallers  and  themselves,  and   in   accordance 

with  his  father's  cliarter. 

Testibus:  Arnulfo  Lexoviensi,  Egidio  Ebroicensi,  Stephano 
Redonensi  episcopis  ;  comite  Willelmo  de  Mandevilla  ;  Ricardo 
de  Huraeto^  constabulario ;  Willelmo  de  Curci  dapifero ; 
Alveredo  de  Sancto  Martino ;  Hugone  de  Lacy.  Apud  Cadomum. 

'  j\hstract  in  French.  ^  Trans.  ;   "  Ilumetis." 


202 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  PIERRE-SUR-DIVE, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE     OP     SEES. 

[^Original  Bocwments  in  Archives  of  the  Galvados}'\ 


[1086-1094.]  578.  Charter  of  Hubert  Baldran  giving,  by  consent  of  his 
(Ori^nai  in  archwes.  wife  Aeliz  lo  God  and  St.  Mary  of  St.  Pierre-sur-Dive  the 
^'■^'"•^°'- ™-*''-^->  church  of  "VMfricheston' in  frank  almoin  for  ever,  for  the  weal 
of  his  soul  and  [those]  of  all  his  friends,  with  all  its  tithes, 
privileges,  and  appurtenances,  and  two  hides  of  land,  quit  of  all 
secular  dues  and  all  [else],  and  privileges  and  rights  of  common 
within  and  without  the  vill,  in  plain  and  wood,  meadow  and 
pasture.  Moreover,  he  gives  and  grants  to  the  said  abbey  the 
church  of  St.  Peter  of  Ledleford,  with  [its]  tithes,  privileges 
and  appurtenances,  [and]  with  one  hide  of  land  quit  of  every- 
thing. Kainald  de  Bailoul  his  lord  and  Amilia  his  wi£e  have 
granted  this;  also  Eoger  earl  of  Shrewsbury,^  who  granted 
and  confirmed  the  gift,  for  Rainald  and  himself,  in  the  hearing 
of  many. 

[1161-1170.]  579.  Charter  of  Sibyl,(i)  lady  of  Wilfriche8ton,(2)  notifying 
(Original  m  archives,  that  her  father  Hubert  JBaldram  and  his  wife  Adeliz,  her 
mother,  gave  God  and  the  monks  of  St.  Pierre -sur-Dive  the 
church  of  'WUfricheston,(^)  with  all  liberties  and  dues,  thereto 
belonging,  in  frank  almoine  for  ever,  and  that  she,  their  only 
child,  succeeding  them  by  hereditary  right,  granted  this  gift 
before  her  marriage,  and  [now]  further  confirms  it  and  gives  it 
validity,  by  placing  the  holy  gospels  with  her  own  hand  on  the 
altar.  She  also  grants,  with  the  same  validity,  the  land  lying 
between  the  monks'  court  and  the  brook  running  through  the 
vill,  which  land  Eoger  de  Frevilla  her  husband  and  she  have 
given  to  God  and  the  monks,  and  the  pasture  of  the  whole 
vill(^)  for  the  monks'  use,  that  is  for  the  use  of  their  flocks  and 
mares  (jumentorum)  and  all  moving  things  (se  moventium) 
which  are  the  property  of  the  monks  or  their  men. 

His  testibus:  Eadmundo  Coventrensi  archidiacono,  et 
Ricardo  capellano  ejusdem,  et  Ricardo  de  Gnousale(''),  et  Nicholao 
et  Ricardo  capellanis  monachorum,  et  Osmundo(^)  de  Wilfriche- 
stone,(^)  et  Johanne  homine  monachorum,  et  Ailwardo  famulo 

'  The  whole  of  these  charters  are  now  missing.      The  Cartulary  of   Tuthury 
Priory,  now  in  the  College  of  Arms,  has  been  collated  by  the  Editor,  but  it  throws 
no  light  on  difficulties  in  these  charters,  and  gives  scarcely  any  witnesses. 
2  Trans.  :   "  Salaber." 
^  These  appear  to  represent  duplicate  charters,  though  the  fact  is  not  stated. 
The  variants  of  any  consequence  in  the  Transcript  on  fo,  8  are  here  noted  : — 
C)  Sybilla.  (=)  Wlfricheston',  (3)  de  Freville. 

C)  Guonsal'.  (')  Eadmundo. 


Seal  of  Eadmund 

archdeacon  of 

Coventry. 

[Drawing.] 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fos.  8,»  433.) 


ABBEY  or  ST.  PIEKRE-SUR-DIVE.  203 

[1161-1170.] 

monachorum,  et  Sara  femina  Rogeri  de  Lelesforde,  cum  multis 
aliis.  Ego  Ricardus  gratia  Dei  Goventrensis  episcopus  preno- 
minatam  elemosinam  confirnio  etc.     .     ;     .     . 

[1135-1189.]        580.  Charter  of  Robert    de  Ferrariis  addressed  to  all  his 
(Original  in  archives,  barons  atid  men  and  all  sons  of  the  church,  clerk  and  lay.     He 

^'^fo'.Iao'."^'  S^^^^  ^^  S'-  ^^^y  ^^^  ^^^-  monks  [of  Tutbury]  what  Henry 
son  of  Sawalus  has  given  them,  namely,  Neuton  with  all  its 
appurtenances ;  and  he  grants  them  [leave]  to  make  a  trench 
(tranchea)  in  the  moor  of  Utukesh[estra]  to  save  their  fields 
from  being  destroyed  by  excess  of  water  (nimia  aque  sepe), 
and[?  to  take]  the  branches  (raTneam)  off  the  willows  and  osiers 
overhanging  the  water,  for  the  improvement  of  their  damp 
fields. 

Testibus^ :  R.  capellano,  et  Radulfo  de  Seile,  et  R.  de  Piro 
dapifero,  et  Willemo  Pantul,  et  G.  de  Calz,  et  Petro  de 
Sandiac[ra],  et  Willelmo  de  Gf.,  et  Ricardo  de  Ce'un,^  et 
WiUelmo  filio  Huberti,^  et  Gilberto  de  Sub[er]ia,  et  aliis 
pluribus. 

Et  huic  dono  accrevit  Jurdanus  rectus  heres  Henrici  [filii] 
Sawali  pratura  de  Mara,  et  tres  acras  fere  de  fractitio,  Et,  his 
testibus  predictis. 

[1140-1150.]        581.  Charter  of  Robert   the  younger  earl   of  Nottingham 
(Original  in  archives,  {comes  jvmior   de   NoUngaham)   addressed  to  the  bishop  of 
fo"427  ■)  Chester,  all  the  faithful  [sons]  of  the  church,  and  all  his  barons, 

knights,  and  men,  and  all  his  friends,  clerk  and  lay.  He  grants 
to  his  church  of  Totesbery,  erected  in  honour  of  Mary  the 
Virgin,  all  that  his  grandfather  Henry,  or  his  father's  brother 
Engenulf,  or  his  father  Robert,  or  their  wives,  barons,  knights 
and  men  had  given  or  granted  it,  in  vills,  lands,  tithes,  rents, 
mills,  pasture,  woods,  plain,  meadow,  fisheries,  with  all  dues 
and  liberties  they  have  ever  possessed  or  he  himself,  especially 
"  od  Tol,  od  Tern,  od  Soche,  od  Infangantuf,"  so  that  the  said 
church  should  never  more  be  troubled  in  any  of  these  matters, 
by  complaints,  threats,  or  plea.  This  grant  was  made  in  the 
time  of  William  the  Prior. 

Testibus^ :  Alexandro  Dapifero,  et  Willelmo  filio  Herberti, 
et  Roberto  de  Bartona,  et  Roberto  de  Liveth,  et  Willelmo  de 
Seile,  et  Rodulfo  filio  ejus,  et  Henrico  Huse,  et  Philippo  de 
Loheach,  et  Simone  de  Briechort,  et  Goyfrido  filio  ejus,  et 
Ansculfo  clerico,  et  multis  aliis. 

1141.  582.  Charter  of   Robert   the  younger  earl  of   Nottingham 

(Original  in  archives,  (junior  covfies   de   Nothingoham)   dated  1141,  granting   and 
.'^''f«!'  ^^^-  Y^^-    giving  to  the  (huic)  church  of  St.  Mary  of  Totesberie  the  whole 

fo.  428.     Printed  in  ='. ,,     °    »     ,,       ^  /  .   .  „  ^  i      nr  n  \    j.i_ 

Monast.  Aug.,  but  tithe   01   the  monies   arising  from   [de  JSovo  Burgo)  tne  new 

with  only  the  first    borough  wbich  his  father  caused  to  be  increased,  or  which  he 

witness.)         j^g^g  Qj.  j^g^y  '^^  futurc ,  Haffi oly  the  rents  of  houses  in  that  town  ; 

and  this  he  does  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  those   of  his 

'  Trans,:  "Teste,"  ^  Eeotius  :  "  Curcub."  '  Eeotius :  "Herberti." 


204  ABBEY  OF  ST.  PIEREE-S UK-DIVE. 

1141. 

father  and  mother,  and  most  of  all  for  the  release  of  a  mare  of 
silver  which  Robert  son  of  Walchelin  de  Raborna  used  to  pay 
the  church  yearly  from  Hegentona  after  the  death  of  Hatwis 
the  earl's  mother.  It  is  therefore  notified  that  he  and  the 
prior  quitclaim  (liberuin  acclamavimus)  to  Robert  this  marc  of 
silver  for  ever.  To  the  above  gift  the  earl  adds  the  vrhole 
parish  of  the  new  borough  as  of  the  old ;  which  gift  he  offers 
on  St.  Mary's  altar,  by  a  knife,  in  the  presence  of  the  prior 
and  the  other  monks  and  of  these  his  barons  :  Alan  de  Lecca, 
Fulcher  son  of  Sawal',  Robert  de  Duno,  David  de  Stant[one], 
Ralf  son  of  Sawal',  Philip  de  Loheac,  Ansculf  the  clerk,  Henry 
Huse,  and  certain  strangers,  [namely]  Hervey  de  Montemorenci, 
Hubert  de  Monte  Canesil,  Philip  son  of  Eudo,  and  many  others, 
witnesses  on  both  sides.  It  is  notified  therefore  {sic)  that 
Ralf  son  of  the  huntsman  has  given  the  (huic)  church  two 
bovates  in  Holint[on],  free  of  all  service,  for  the  souls  of  liis 
wife  and  his  predecessors. 

[1158-9.]  583.  Charter  of  William  de  Ferrariis  addressed  to  Robert 

(Original  in  archive?,  bishop  of  Lincoln  and  all  the  sons   of  the  church  of  God,  clerk 

'^""fo  430 )    '      ^^^  -^^y*    ^®  gives  the  churches  of  Stapefonl  and  Wimundaham 

and   Torp,   with   all   their  appurtenances,  in  alms  for  ever  to 

St.  Mary  of  Totesberia  and  the  monks  there  serving  God,  for 

the  weal  of  his  soul  and  those  of  all  his  predecessors. 

Testibus^ :  Domuo  Bernardo  abbate  Sancti  Ebiulfi,  et  Syinone 
clerico,  et  Willelmo  Pantolf,  et  Roberto  de  Chaurches,  et 
Radulfo  fratre  ejus,  et  Hamelino,  et  Goyfredo  de  Aspres,  et 
Gylleberto  de  Snl'  aqua,  et  Roberto  dapifero,  et  Henrico  vinitore, 
et  Samsone  de  Hoctona,  et  Ilerberto  cognati  Roberti  dapiferi, 
et  Pagano  fabro,  ct  filio  ejus  Hugone,  et  Henrico  coc'  et  fratre 
ejus  Engenulfo,  et  Henrico  de  Denustona,  et  Richerio  janitore, 
et  Anschetillo  et  Michaele  Colsueni  cocci  filiis,  et  Willelmo  et 
Henrico  filio  ejus,  et  Willelmo  filio  Anserede  et  Walkelino 
fratre  ipsius,  et  aliis  quam  pluribus. 

[1158-9.]  584.  Charter  of  William  earl  Ferrars  (de  i^errariis)  addressed 

(Original  iu  archives,  to  all  his  men,  French  and  English.  He  ratifies  the  gilt  by 
■'^'^T'  TsiV^^'  William  de  Ferrariis  to  the  monastery  of  St.  Mary  of  Tuttesberie 
and  the  monks  there  serving  God,  namely  the  churches  of 
Stapleford  and  Wimundaham  and  Torp  with  all  their  appur- 
tenances in  lands,  tithes,  rents,  offerings,  and  liberties.  This 
gift  made,  in  pious  devotion,  by  William  his  kinsman  and  man, 
and  authorised  by  the  bishop  of  Lincoln,  he  confirms  by  his 
seal  etc.,  prohibiting  so  far  as  in  him  lies,  everyone  from  dis- 
turbing, diminishing,  oi-  infringing  this  pious  work  duly  offered 
to  God. 

Predicto  Willelmo  de  Ferrariis  testante,  et  Willelmo  de 
Brausa  ;  Willelmo  Gilfard  ;  Willelmo  Pantolf ;  R[oberto]  de 
Ferrariis  fratre  comitis ;  R[oberto]  de  Ferrariis  patruo^  ejus ; 
Thoma  de  Ferrariis ;  Willelmo  filio  Herberti ;  R[oberto]  filio 

1  Trans. ,  «  Teste."  ^  Xrans. :  "proavo." 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  PIEERE-SUR-DIVE.  205 

[1158-9.] 

Walkelini;  Thoma  fratre  ejus;  Eicardo  de  Fiflnd[e]  dapifero; 
Robtrto  de  Piru ;  R[adulfo]  de  Boschervilla  ;  Henrico  filio 
Fulconis ;  Philippo  clerieo  ;  Henrico  de  Auchenviila;  Thoma 
fratre  ejus,  et  Thoma  sacerdot[e] ;  Waltero  capellano  filio  Siwarfc  ; 
Waltero  Ruffo. 

[Circ.  1160.]        585.  Charter  of  William  earl  Ferrars  (cZe  i^'errctri-is)  addressed 
(Original  in  archives,  to  the  bJshop  of  Chester,  etc.     Piinted  in  Monast.  Angl.  III. 
^'*"fo^28  V^       393,  from  the  Cartulary,  which  gives  no  witnesses. 

Testibus^ :  Roberto  de  Ferrariis  fratre  comitis,  et  Roberto  et 
Henrico  de  Ferrariis  ejus  patruis,  et  Willelmo  filio  Huberti^ 
dapifero,  et  Henrico  Walchilini  lilio,  et  Thoma  venatore  ;  Thoma 
de  Piru,  Henrico  filio  Fulcherii ;  Thoma  sacerdote  ;  Henrico  de 
Aukenvilla,  Thoma  de  Aukenvilla  capellanis^;  Waltero  capel- 
lano; Waltero  ibidem  capellano;  Johanne  diacono  ;  Archibaldo; 
Henrico  fratre  ejus ;  Michaele ;  Johanne  filio  Godefridi ; 
Roberto  de  Brailesford ;  Nicholao  magistro  comitis ;  Gaufrido 
Hauselin ;  Galfrido  camerario,  et  aliis  pluribus. 

[Give.  1170.]         586.  Charter   of   William    earl   Ferrars  {de  Ferrariis)  ad- 
(Original  in  archives,  dressed  to   all  his  men  and  friends,  clerk  and  lay,  French  and 
Tmnl  VoK Til.     English.     He  gives  to  God  and  St.  Mary  and  the  church  of 
fo.  3.)  Tutesbury,  and  the   monks  there   serving  God  a   fishpool  at 

Stamford  and  half  a  marc  [of  rent]  from  the  mill  on  it,  with 
the  wood  of  Essardend,  to  be  brought  into  cultivation,  between 
the  road  leading  to  Stochilea  and  that  which  leads  to  Stamford, 
and  between  the  fishpool  stream  (rivwlus)  and  the  ford  and 
road  leading  to  Stochilea,  in  frankalmoin  for  ever,  for  the 
weal  of  his  soul  and  those  of  his  wife  and  children  and  all  his 
predecessors.  He  also  confiims  the  exchange  made  by  prior 
Fulc  and  the  convent  with  Thomas  de  Piru,  namely  that  the 
prior  and  convent  should  quitclaim  to  Thomas  10  shillings, 
which  were  due  to  them  from  Thomas  for  the  land  of  Newnter, 
and  that  Thomas  should  quitclaim  to  them  half  a  marc  [of 
rent]  due  to  him  from  the  above  mill,  on  condition  that 
Thomas  paid  them  annually  twelve  pence  in  recognition  for 
the  land  of  Newnter,  which  land,  after  his  death,  was  to 
belong  to  the  prior  and  convent  free  from  any  claim  by  the 
heirs  of  Thomas. 

His  testibus :  Henrico  de  Auchervilla,  Thoma  de  Aucher- 
villa,  Henrico  filio  Fucherii  capellanis  comitis,  et  Waltero  et 
presb'  Thoma  capellanis  monachorum ;  Philippo  clerieo ;  Will- 
elmo filio  Herberti  dapifero  ;  Roberto  filio  WalcheUni ;  Henrico 
filio  Walchelini,  et  Petro  filio  Walchelini ;  Hamfredo  de  Tocheto ; 
Roberto  de  Brailesford,  cum  pluribus  aliis. 

[Circ.  1180.]        587.  Charter  of  Richard  bishop  of  Coventry  notifying  that  at 
(Original  in  archives,  the  prayer  of  the  worshipful  Alvred,  abbot  of  St.  Pierre -sur- Dive 
'^'"'^t'^^°h^\^'      and  the  convent  he  confirms  to  his  dear  sons  the  lepers   of 
Bretford'  the  grant  made  in  charity  by  the  said  abbot  and 

'  Trans.:  "Teste."  ^  Reclius :  "Herberti."  '  Trans.  :  "capellano." 


fo.  434.) 


206  ABBEY  OF  ST.  PIEERE-SUE-DIVE. 

[Girc.  1180.] 

convent,  namely  that  the  lepers  should  have  a  chaplain  of  their 
own  in  their  first  {prima)  chapel  at  Bretford'  saving  in  all 
things  the  parochial  rights  of  the  mother  church  of  Wlvrich- 
[eston].  He  also  confirms  to  them  the  tithes  of  their  milk  and 
the  herbs  from  their  gardens,  allowed  to  them  in  pity  by  the 
said  abbot  and  convent,  as  their  charter  testifies.  And  for  these 
grants  and  privileges  the  said  lepers  are  to  pay  two  shillings 
annually. 

Testibus:  Eanulfo  abbate  de  Buldewas^;  N[icholao]  archi- 
diacono  Ooventrensi ;  magistro  K.  de  Haia ;  magistro  Willelmo 
de  Torentona ;  Andrea  Giffard ;  Gilleberto  P.  camerario ;  Rogero 
de  Busch'  wall' ;  Osberto  de  Camera,  et  multis  aliis. 

[1178-1188.]  588.  Charter  of  Henry  de  Toke  addressed  to  all  his  men 
(Original  in  archives,  and  his  friends,  present  and  future.  He  grants  to  the  church 
Trans.  III.  fo.  433.)  ^j  g^.  ^^^  ^j  Tutesbery  two  burgages  in  the  town  of  Tutes- 
bery,  which  Awise  his  mother  gave  it,  adjoining  the  house  of 
Robert  Gemun,  in  frankalmoin ;  and  he  gives  it  a  messuage 
{mesuagium),  with  curtilage,  which  Matildis  the  widow  held  in 
Ansedl[ega]  for  the  soul  of  his  wife  and  his  own,  and  those  of 
his  children  and  predecessors,  to  be  held  in  frankalmoin  for 
ever  of  him  and  his  heirs. 

His  testibus :  R[icardo]  abbate  de  Burt[ona^] ;  magistro 
R.  de  Rolvestona  ;  magistro  Guidone  de  Hamb[ury  ?] ;  Johanne 
filio  God',  et  multis  aliis. 

[Girc.  1200.]  589.  Charter  of  William  de  Ferrariis,  earl  of  Derby,  notifying 
(Original  in  archives,  that  for  the  weal  of  his  soul,  and  those  of  Agnes  his  wife  and 
"^^fo  433 )  °^  ^  ^^®  predecessors  and  his  heirs  he  confirms  to  God  and 
St.  Mary  of  Tutesbery  and  the  monks  there  serving  God  the 
gifts  made  to  them  by  his  predecessors  and  their  barons  and 
men,  especially  the  churches  of  Torp  and  Wimundham  and  of 
Estapleford  and  Easton  with  all  their  appurtenances. 

Hiis  testibus :  Thoma  fratre  meo ;  Johanne  capellano ; 
W[?  illelmo]  de  Rideware ;  Herberto  de  Merula ;  Rogero  de 
Rideware ;  Gaufrido  clerico ;  Hugone  de  Mell'eborna ;  Thoma 
de  Emesore  et  aliis  pluribus. 

'  Not  in  Monasticon.  ?  Cf.  Burton  Cartulary  (ed.  Wrottesley),  pp.  41,42. 


207 


ABBEY  OF   ST.  ANDRE-EN-GOUFFERN, 

FOR  CISTERCIAN  MONKS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE    OF    SEES. 

[Original  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Calvados   and  of 
La  Manche ;  Cartulary.] 


1135.  590.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the   archbishop   of 

(Cartulary,  fo.isd.)  Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.     William  Tanetin  and 

Robert  de  Bretevilla  his  lord  have,  in  his  presence,  given  and 

granted  to  St.  Mary  of  Vi[g]naz  and  the  abbot  and  monks  of 

the  order  of  Savigni  there  dwelling  three  fields  (culturas)  which 

William  held,  etc This  he  confirms  by  his  royal 

authority  (regia  auctoritate  et  a  Deo  mihi  collata  potestate) 

etc 

T[estibus] :  Nigello  episcopo  Elyensi,  et  Roberto  de  Sigillo,  et 
Rogero  th[esaur]ario,  et  Ricardo  de  Bellafago,  et  Ricardo 
filio  comitis  Glocestrie,  et  Roberto  archidiacono  Exon[iensi] 
capellanis  meis,  et" Roberto  de  Curci,  et  Hugone  Bigoto,  et 
Gaufrido  filio  Pagani.  Et  hoc  {sic)  apud  Oadomum,  Anno 
incarnationis  Dominice  M°c°xxx.  quinto. 

[N.  D.]  591.  Charter   of  the   empress    Mathildis,    daughter   of   the 

(Cartulary,  fo.  19.)  king  of  the  English  {AngV)  addressed  to  Richard  the  vicomte 
and  all  her  lieges  of  Argentan.  She  gives  and  grants  to  Robert 
Loricarius  in  inheritance,  for  himself  and  his  heirs,  a  messuage 
(mansuram  terre)  in  the  street  of  Caen  (vico  Cadwmensi)  free 
from  watche.s  etc.  so  that  if  impleaded  for  that  land  he  need 
not  reply. 

Testibus :  Reginaldo  fratre  meo,  et  Guid[one]  de  Sableio,  et 
Alexandre  de  Bohom 

[1156-1160.]  592.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
(Cartulary,  fo.  i8d.)  Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.  He  confirms  the  above 
charter  of  the  empress,  and  grants  whatever  has  been  given  by 
William  count  of  Ponthieu,  and  John  his  son  and  his  other 
barons  and  lieges  of  Normandy.  And  he  directs  that  all  their 
corrody  and  demesne  substance  is  to  be  free  of  dues  etc.  .  .  . 
T[estibu8]  domina  Imperatrix  {sic),  et  PhUippo  Baiocensi,  et 
Arnulfo  Lexoviensi,  et  Jlotrodo  Ebjroicensi,  et  Henrico^  Abrincensi 
episcopis,  et  WiUelmo  Cum[in],  et  Willelmo  de  Helioue.  Apud 
Rothomagum. 

1  Reciius ;  "  Herberto." 


208  ABBEY  OF  ST.  ANDR^-EN-GOUFFEKN. 


[1151-1154.]        593.  Charter  of  the  empress  Mathildis,  daughter  of  king 

(Archives  of  the    Henry,  addressed  to  all  etc.  of  Aigentan  and  all  Normandy. 

Trans.  Vol.  II!  fo.  29.  ^*^^  '^®  souls  of  her  father  Idng  Henry  and  of  her  husband 

Cartularj',  fo.  18.)    Count  Geoffrey  of  Anjou,  and  for  her  weal  and  that  of  her  son 

Henry  duke  of  the  Normans  and  of  her  other  sons,  she  gives 

the  monks  of  St.  Andrew  of  Gouffern,  near  Falaise,  46  shillings 

and  6  pence  in  money  of  the  Roumois  {Rom,esinoru7n}),  which 

used  to  be  paid  annually  from  the  granary  (granaria^)  of  Mont- 

garoult  (Mons  Guarulfi),  on  their  own  land  to  the  vicomU  of 

Argentan,  that  sum  is  henceforth  to  be  applied  to  their  own 

uses,  nor  is  any  demand  to  be  made  on  them  for  its  payment. 

Testibus:    Huberto   de   Vall[ibus*];    Willelmo    de  Heliun* ; 
Herberto  clerico ;    Hugone  medico ;  Rogero  capellano.      Apud 
Rothomagum. 
Portions  of  seal  in  red  wax  on  tag  of  green  silk. 

[1158-1162.]        594.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  giving  to  St.  Mary  of  Gouffern 

(Archives  of  the     and   Drogo    Anselem    its  founder  and  all  the  brethren   there 

Tran/ Vol  II      Serving  God      ....      from  his  revenue  from  Argentan  10 

fo.  30.)  pounds  every  year,  and  the  same  from  his  forest  of  Gouffern 

etc and  the  land  of  St.  Leonard  of  Gouffern  which 

his  mother  the  empress  bought  f loni  the  monks  of  St.  Pierre- 
sur-Dive,  as  their  charter  testifies. 

Testibus :  Thoma  cancellario ;  Maness[ero]  Biset  dapifero ; 
et  Richardo  de  Lucy,  et  Roberto  de  Donstan villa,  et  Stephano 
de  Bellocampo.     Apud  Argentonum. 

1154,  26  Aug.        595.  Charter  of  John  count  of  Eu  (Augensis)  granting  and 
((Original  in       restoring  to  Roger  de  Molbraio  the  whole  fief  which  his  father 

^'xrans.  v^.Tl*"""  ^^Id  from  the  count's  father  at  Bazoches  (Basece)  and,  further, 
fo  33.)  giving  him  those  20  pounds  to  which  the  count  was  entitled  and 

used  to  receive  from  Roger's  father  for  that  fief.  In  considera- 
tion of  this,  Roger  has  given  the  count  a  charger  (dextrarium) 
and  60  pounds  of  Anjou. 

Tes[tibus^] :  Roberto  de  Sancto  Petro ;  Henrico  Hose ; 
Guidone  de  Boveincurt ;  Fretello  de  Sancto  Hylario  ;  Roberto 
de  Gillemercurt ;  Hugone  de  Gurnaio ;  Galeranno  vicecomite 
Lexoviensi ;  Roberto  de  Buzi ;  Olivei'o  de  Auge  et  Savarino 
f ratre  ejus :  Roberto  de  Crevecort ;  Henrico  de  Rumera  ; 
Radulfo  de  Meholdihi,  et  Willelmo  fratre  ejus.  Anno  ab  incar- 
natione  Domini  m^Cl"!!!!"  vij.  kal.  Septembris  ....  duce 
Normannorum  Henrico. 

[Circ.  1160.]        596.  Charter   of   Roger    de    Mobraio   and    Nigel    his    son 

(Original  in  archives  addressed  generally.     They  grant  to  the  monks  of  St.  Andrew 

°Tr^n°  Voi.'ll!'^'  ^f  Gouffern  quittance  [of  dues]  on  all   their  property,  when 

fo!34.  buying,  selling,  or   traversing  their  land  in  England  or  Nor- 

Cattulary,  fo.  23.)    mandy.     They  do  this  for  the  weal  of  their  souls  and  those  of 

their  relatives,  and  they  enjoin    on  their  posterity  to  ratify 

'  "  Bomanoium  "  in  Transcript.  ^  ?  gravaria.  ^  Trans.  :   "  Walle." 

4  Trans. .  "  Heluin."  -  Trans.  .  "  Teste." 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  ANDIlE-EN-GOUFFERN.         209 


[Circ.  1160.] 

what  they  have  done,  and  threaten  with  their  wrath  anyone 
who  troubles  the  monks  therein. 

Testibus :  Koberto  capellano ;  Ricardo  Bateri ;  Radulfo  de 
Bel  veer;  Kadulfo  do  Meisheldin,  et  Guillelmo  fratre  suo.  A  pud 
Basocbas  fuit  factum  breve. 

1166.  597.  Charter   of   William   Pantulf    of     Samella,   his    wife 

(Original  in        Burga,  and  his  ihree  sons  William,  Roger,  and  Philip,  granting 

"  T  "ans' Vofn '""'  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Andrew  the  land  of  Samella,  to  hold  for 

fo.  31.)  ever  free  of  all  secular  rent  and  service  etc for  the 

weal  of  their  souls.  William  makes  this  grant  in  chapter  of 
the  monks  and  places  it  on  the  altar  by  a  book. 

Testes  sunt :  Willelmus  Bastardus  filius  mens ;  Robertus 
Grenullun  ;  Radulfus  clericus  ;  Robertus  Moschet.  Anno  incar- 
nationis  Dominice  M''C°LX''yi°. 

[1168.]  598.  Charter  of  Robert  de  Montfort,  notifying  that  Robert 

(Oiiginai  in       do  BretteviUe  and  Roger  son  of  Guarin,  his  son-in  law,  have 

^'uw  Vol  n!°"'gi^"en  the  abbey  of  St.  Mary  and  St.  Andrew  of  Gouffem  the 

fo.3i.)  land  of  Gilbert  the  priest  etc He,  therefore, 

grants  that  whatever  the  abbey  was  holding  there,  of  liis  fee, 
in  the  year  1168  shall  belong  to  it  in  alms  for  ever.  This  he 
does  at  the  prayer  of  the  above  Robert  and  Roger,  saving  the 
king's  service,  which  will  be  performed  by  the  donors  of  the 
endowment. 

Hii  testes  :  Savarius  ;  Radulfus  filius  Savarii ;  Willelmus  de 
Bruecort ;  Galfridus  de  Asneriis ;  Hugo  Bigot ;  Ricardus  de 
Boneboz ;  Ricardus  Caperun ;  Rogerus  Boismoret,  et  alii. 

[Circ.  1170.]         599.  Charter  of  Nigel  de  Molbraio  addressed  to  the  bishop 

(Original  in        of  Coutances  and  to  all  his  men,  French  and  Englisli.     He  gives 

^■"Trans  v^ T^^'  t^e    abbot  and   all  the   convent  of  St.  Andrew  [of  Gouffern] 

fo.  34.)  the  whole  tithe   of    his   mills  at  Molbraium  and  Beslon   and 

Belmaisnil  and  the  tithe  of  the  pannage  of  his  park,  in  alms  for 

ever,  for  the  souls  of  his  father  and  mother  and  for  his  weal. 

Testes  :  Radulfus  clericus  ;  Willelmus  Malerba  ;  Radulfus  de 
Belveer ;  Willelmus  de  Alenchun ;  Willelmtis  de  Torignei ; 
Albericus  de  Alenchun  ;  Radulfus  Bufart,  et  alii. 

[1169-1175.]        600.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  granting  to  the  abbey  of  St. 
(Original  [almost    Andrew    of    Gouffem   and  the  monks  there  serving  God  all 
'"of lh?Cai"aoi^^' that  William    count  of  Ponthieu   (Pontivi)  its  founder   and 
Trans.  Vol.  II.     others  have  given  it. 

fo.  30.)  Testibus :    Henrico    episcopo   Baiocensi  ;    Frogero   episcopo 

Sagiensi ;  Guillelmo  de  Curci  ;  Gaufrido  de  Lucy  ;  Johanne  de 
Solineio.'     Apud  Argentonum. 
Seal  injured,  on  parchment  tag. 

[1189-1190.]        601.  Letter    of    John,  son  of    William  count  of  Ponthieu 

(ArcliivesofManclie.(Po'ni'im)  addressed  to  Richard  I.  the  seneschal  of  Normandy 

^*fo  ^5°)  "'      ^^^  *'^  °*^®''  officers  of  the  king.     Hearing   that  R.  de  Cais- 

neseque  seeks  to  have  a  recognition  of  such  investiture  and 

'  Trans. :  "  Solenges." 
e     92684.  O 


210  ABBEY  OF  ST.  ANDRE-EN-GOUFFEEN. 

[1189-1190.] 

seizin  as  liis  brother  Tostin  de  Perdita  Villa  had  of  certain  land 
held  of  the  writer  by  Roger  Corbet,  in  the  vill  of  Croceium,  as 
his  own  lawful  heritage;  be  notifies  that  Tostin,  by  inheritance 
from  whom  the  land  is  claimed,  held  nothing  therein  but  the 
custody  of  the  land  for  a  few  days  as  Roger's  servant  (famulus). 
[He  knows  this]  because  no  one  could  possess,  or  put  another  in 
possession  of  that  land,  which  is  under  his  lordship,  without  his 
license. 

1190,  15  Jan.        602.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  gives 

(Cartulary,  fo.  19.)  quittance  of  pannage  in  his  forest  of  Gouffem  by  Argentan  to 

the  abbey  of  St.  Andrew  of  Goulfern  and  the  brethren  there, 

for  their  demesne  swine,  with  quittance  of  pasture  [dues]  for 

all  their  animals. 

T[estibus]:  B[artholomeo]  Turonensi  archiepiscopo ;  H[erberto] 
Redonensi,  M[auritio]  Nannetensi,  W[illelmo]  Pictavensi  epis- 
copis  ;  fratre  Milone  elemosinario  nostro.  Datum  per  manum 
Johannis  de  Alencon  vicecancellarii  nostri.  Apud  Andegavum 
XV.  die  Januarii  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 

(Original  in  archives      603.  Inspeodmus  by  Henry  [V.]  at  Rouen,  April  3,  1420, 

Tranf  V^orif fo.  44.)Of  the  following  :- 

1190,  6  April.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  confirming  to  St.  Mary  of  GoufFem 
and  all  the  brethren  there  serving  God,  in  alms  for  ever, 
lands  etc.  [in  Normandy],  and  further  granting  them  the 
whole  revenue  from  all  the  foresters  (bigrorwm)  his  father  had 

[in  the  forest  of  Gouffem]  etc also  ten  pounds 

yearly  from  his  revenues  at  Argentan,  and  the  same  from  his 

forest  of  Gouffem,  etc and,  of  the  gift  of  William 

de  Mandeville,  earl  of  Essex,  the  houses  of  Blancfosse,  etc. 
.  .  .  .  and  of  the  gift  of  Ala  de  Saxichevilla  sister  of 
Robert  de  Dana  10  shillings  which  Roger  del  Clos  was  bound 
to  pay  her  annually  at  the  fair  (rmindinas)  of  Montmartin  ; 
and  the  church  of  St.  Mary"  del  Repos  and  14  acres  of  land 
given  by  Fulc  de  Aunou,  who  also  gave  the  tithe  of  his  mill  at 
Aunou  [and]  twenty  shillings  of  Anjou  at  Chaumont,  annually 
on  the  first  Sunday  in  Lent. 

Testibus :  Bartolomeo  Turonensi  archiepiscopo  A[lienoira] 
regina  Anglie ;  Hugone  Dunelm[ensii],  Hugone  Constanciensi, 
He[r]berto,Sarisberiensi,^Lisiardo  Sagiensi,  episcopis  ;  Guillelmo 
Marescallo ;  Guillelmo  filio  Adelini^ ;  Guillelmo  de  Sancte  Marie 
Ecclesia,  decano.  Data  per  manum  Johannis  de  Alencon  Lexo- 
viensis  archidiaconi  vicecancellarii  nostri  sexta  die  Aprilis,  apud 
Argenthomum,  anno  primo  regni  nostri. 

1190,  [?]  1  Oct.       604.  Notification  by  John,  son  of  William  count  of  Ponthieu 

(Original  in  archives  that  Robert  Corbet  haslet  (locavit)  to  the  monks  of  St.  Andrew 

Parlh^entl^ag  for  ^°^  ^^  years  all  his  demesne  at  droeeium  and  all  the  men  who 

seal.)  held  of  him,  etc the    condition    being  that   the 

'  Trans. :  "  Dunelin."  2  «  Sarfsbery  "  in  Transcript. 

^  Trans. :  '•  Adelinse." 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  ANDRE-EN-GOUFFEEN.  211 


llflO. 

monks  pay  him  10  pounds  of  rent  yearly  for  that  land  [that  is] 

30  pounds  every  three  years,  etc At  the  end  of 

20  years  Robert  is  to  have  his  land.  The  term  begins  in  the 
year  1191,  that  is,  in  the  second  year  after  (in  quo)  Richard 
king  of  the  English  was  crowned,  on  St.  Remy's  day,  etc.  .  . 
Testibus :  Gervasio  capellano  meo ;  Willelmo  de  Seran ; 
Roberto  de  Nuilleio ;  Roberto  de  Gaurenda  ;  Roberto  de  Logis ; 
Gaufrido  de  Berceio  ;  et  pluribus  aliis. 

[N.  D.]  605.     Charter  of  Robert  son  of  count  John  [of  Ponthieu] 

(Original  in       notifying  that  Hernulf  de  Ponte  has  in  his  presence,  abjured 

Trfns!vL\"iLfo!43:  *«  ^^^  "^"^^^  ^^o  ^^^^s  of  land,  etc and  all  those 

Cartulary,  fo.  14.;  dues  wliich  he  had  presumed  to  claim  from  them  on  the 
strengtli  of  a  certain  forged  (false)  charter  which  he  had  made 
[for  use]  against  them.  This  charter  William  son  of  Ralf 
seneschal  of  Normandy,  looked  at  with  his  own  eyes  and 
found  to  be  wholly  false.  And  the  monks  delivered  Hernulf 
out  of  the  hands  of  the  king's  justices  and  from  that  danger  of 
death  which  he  feared  for  forging  that  charter. 

Testibus  his :  Roberto  de  Nuilleio ;  Garino  de  Nuilleio ; 
Odone  Cotinel ;  Hugone  et  Roberto^  de  Arablis ;  Radulfo 
Bufart ;  Gervasio  capellano,  et  aliis  pluribus. 

1191,  Mich.         606.  Notification  that  John  son  of  William  de  Vado,  and 

(Original  in  archives  Adam  his  brother  have  given  the  monks  of  St.  Andrew   [of 

'ftl^^Vc^*!!      GoufFem]  the  presentation  to  the  church  of  Fresnay-la-mere, 

fo.  a'e.)  and  whatever  they  had  in  fee  of  the  whole  tithe  of  Fresnay, 

saving  the  service  of  Gilo  de  Baillol  their  lord. 

Hoc  autem  concesserunt  coram  Justic[iariis]  domini  Ricardi 
regis  Anglie  ad  Scaquarium  Sancti  Michaelis,  anno  secundo 
postquam  dominvfs  rex  Ricardus  et  Phillipus  rex  Francie 
perrexerunt  in  Jerusalem.  Teste  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senes- 
callo  Normannie. 

[1198-1204.]  607.  Charter  of  Robert,  earl  of  Leicf  ster,  giving  to  the  monks 
(Archives  of  Manche.  of  St.  Andrew  of  Gouffern  the  land  of  Mesmontous,  entire, 
^™o*4o^'  ^^  with  all  its  appurtenances,  which  they  held  by  gift  of  his 
father  earl  Robert  and  his  mother  Petronilla  and  by  that  of 
Ralf  de  Sancto  Hylario  and  William  his  brother,  and  Thomas 
their  nephew  (nepos)  heirs  of  that  land,  as  was  found  (recog- 
nitum)  by  the  oath  of  many  lawful  knights  of  that  province 
and  as  the  boundary  marks  were  placed  round  that  endowment ; 
also,  in  alms  for  ever,  free  transit,  coming  and  going  for  all 
their  stock,  through  his  said  wood  from  their  house  in  tlie 
forest  of  Gouffern.  He  also  grants  them  the  gift  by  Mathew 
de  Belmes,  and  William  his  brother,  and  Ralf  son  of  Mathew, 
of  two  [out  of  three]  tithe  sheaves  at  Belmes  of  the  fee  of 
Grentemaisnil. 

'  Omitted  in  Cartulary. 

o  2 


212  ABBEY  OF  ST.  ANDRE-EN-GOUFFERN. 

[1198-1204.] 

Testibus  his :  Domino  Rogero  episcopo  Sancti  Andree  de 
Scotia ;  Gilleberto  de  Minieris  ;  Johanne  de  Alba  via ;  Gaufrido 
de  Herupa ;  Radulfo  de  Sancta  Maria  :  Willeliiio  meo  capellano ; 
Hernulfo  de  Maena ;  Johanne  de  Hosa ;  Andrea  de  Occagnes, 
et  aliis  multis. 

[N.  D.]  608.  Charter  of  Gnndred  (Gondrea)  lady  of  La  Fert^  Mac^ 

(C>riginai  in  archives  ((^g  Feritate),  giving  to  the  monks  of  St.  Andrew  of  Gouffem 

Trans.^Vol!'ir.      sixty  shillings  [in  money]  of  Le  Mans  to  be  taken  annually  from 

fo.  3G.)  the  rents  of  her  prh'SU  and  mills  at  Berlou  which  rents  at  Berlou 

her  son  William  de  Feritate  gave  her  in  exchange,  at  Caen  at 

the  king's  Exchequer,  in  the  time  of  Richard  king  of  England 

and  William  son  of  Ralf  seneschal  of  Normandy,  she  having 

given  him  for  it  Hauleoide  which   Fulc  Pagnel  gave   her  in 

free  marriase.     Out  of  those  sixty  shillings  the  monks  are  to 

have,  annually,  a  pittance  of  bread,  wine  and  fish,  on  Michaelmas 

day,  so  long  as  she  lives,  and  after  her  death,  on  the  date  of 

her  anniversary. 


213 


ABBEY   OF  ST.    JEAN  DE  FALAISE, 

POR    PREMONSTRATENSIAN    CANONS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE    OP    SEES. 

[Original  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Galvados.] 


1132.  609.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Original  in  Rouen  and  all  his  officers  and  lieges  of  England  and  Normandy. 
Trans  Vol  "T  fo  3 )  ^^  gives  the  hospital  of  Falaise  and  the  brethren,  clerk  and 
lay,  there  serving,  for  the  remission  of  his  sins  and  the  weal  of 
his  parents'  souls,  his  mill  at  Falaise,  which  Goinfrid  constructed 
and  a  piece  of  land  in  the  fair  field  (in  campo  ferie).  And  he 
confirms  to  it  all  the  land  and  houses  and  ovens  (furnos)  and 
gold  and  silver  and  rents  and  everything  else  which  Goinfrid 
granted  it  in  England  and  Normandy  and  in  the  town  of 
Falaise,  and  everything  given  or  to  be  given  lawfully ;  and 
Robert  son  and  heir  of  Goinfrid  has  granted,  in  his  presence,  all 
his  father's  gifts  He  has  taken  under  his  own  protection  the 
hospital  and  brethren  and  all  belonging  to  it,  and  frees  it  from 
all  toll  and  passage,  money  and  dues,  etc.  etc.  for  ever,  through- 
out his  kingdom  of  England  and  duchy  (ducaium^)  of  Normandy. 
[All]  this  is  confirmed  by  the  letters  of  his  worshipful  father 
pope  Innocent. 

Testibus  :  Rogero  epi.'-copo  Saresberiensi ;  H[enrico]  episcopo 
Wintoniensi ;  Alexandre  episcopo  Lincoln ensi ;  G[aufrido] 
cancellario  ;  Roberto  de  Sigillo,  et  R[oberto]  comite  Glocestrie 
filio  meo,  et  W[illelmo]  comite  Warenne,  et  Hugone  Bigot 
dapifero,  et  Uiiifrido  de  Buhun  dapifero,  et  R[oberto"'']  de  Curci 
dapifero,  et  G[aufrido]  filio  Pag[ani^],  et  M[ilone]  Glocestrie,  et 
P[agano]  filio  Johannis,  et  Rfirardo]  Basset,  et  A[lberico]  de 
[Ver.*]  Apud  Marendonam.  Anno  ah  incarnatione  Dominice 
millesimo  centesimo  tricesimo  secundo. 

1133.  610.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  [as  king  of  the  English  and  duke 

(Original  in  of  the  Normans]  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  all 
Trans  VoMT^fo  4 )  ^'^  officers  and  lieges.  He  [as  king  of  the  English  and  of 
Normandy]  gives  for  the  weal  of  the  souls  of  his  father  and 
mother,  his  relatives  (parentes)  and  his  sons  and  for  the  ren)is- 
sion  of  his  sins  and  the  [good]  estate  and  safety  of  his  realm, 
to  the  church  of  St.  John  the  Baptist  and  the  hospital  of 
Falaise,  founded  by  Goinfrid,  and  the  clerks  there  serving  God, 

'  Trans.  :   "  ducatus."        ^  Xrans.  ;   "  Kicardo."         '  Trans.  .   "  Paganclli." 

■*  Now  erased. 


214  ABBEY  OF  ST.  JEAN  DE  FALAISE. 

1133.  ~ 

according  to  the  rule  of  the  blessed  Augustine,  for  their  use 
and  that  of  Christ's  poor,  whom  they  may  receive  there,  the 
mill  etc.  [as  in  the  preceding  charter]. 

CoUaudata  quoque  omnium  subscriptorum  consilio.  T[estibus^]: 
Rogerio  episcopo  Saresb[iriensi],  et  Henrico  episcopo  Winton- 
iensi,  et  Alexandre  episcopo  Lincolnensi,  et  Johanna  episcopo, 
Saeii  (sic),  et  Adel[ulfo]  episcopo  Carlolensi ;  Algaro  episcopo 
Con.st[ancie]  (sic)  ;  Safr[edo]  episcopo  Cicestrensi ;  EudcTlie 
abbate  Cadom[ensi] ;  Gaufrido  Cancellario  ;  Roberto  de  Sigillo ; 
Roberto  comite  Glocestrie  filio  meo,  et  Willelmo  comite 
Warenne,  et  Roberto  comite  Legrecestrie ;  H[enrico]  episcopo^ 
Augensi ;  Hugone  Bigoto  ;  R[oberto]  de  Curci,  et  Umfrido  de 
Buhum,  et  R[oberto]  de  Ver,  et  M[ilone]  Glocestrie,  et  G[au- 
frido]  filio  Pagani,  et  Pag[ano^]  filio  Johannis,  et  A[Iberico] 
de  Ver,  et  Ric[ardo]  Basset,  et  Hamone  de  Falesia,  et  Henrico 
de  Pom[eria],  et  Willelmo  Glastonie.  Apud  Wintoniam,*  anno 
ab  incarnatione  dominica  M°C°xxx.  tercio.  In  Christo  con- 
summata  feliciter. 

[1137.]  611.  Charter  of    Stephen    addressed   to   the    archbishop  of 

,  (Original  in  Rouen  and  all  his  oflScers  and  lieges  of  Normandy,  notifying 
Trans  ^Voi'' II  "^foT)  ^^**  Robert  son  of  Goinfrid  has  allowed  St.  John  and  his 
canons  of  Falaise  to  hold  definitely  (Jinaliter)  in  alms  all  that 
his  father  Goinfrid  had  given  them  in  his  lifetime.  And  this 
he  has  done  for  35  marcs  of  silver  which  he  has  received  for 
it.  And  for  further  security  he  has  pledged  his  faith  {affidavit), 
to  the  king,  by  consent  of  his  heirs  that  he  would  keep  to  this 
[agreement],  in  the  presence  of  John  bishop  of  Lisieux. 

T[estibus]^  eodem  Johanne  episcopo  Lexoviensi,  et  R[ogero] 
cancellario,  R[oberto]  de  Corel ;  Vig'  ^  de  Sai ;  et  R[?icardo]  de 
Falcanvilla,  et  Erneis  Multone,  et  Gervasio  Cornet,  et  Will- 
elmo Francigena,  et  Vitale  filio  Amerland,  et  fratribus  suis. 
Apud  Falesiam. 

[1150-1151.]        612.  Charter  of  Henry,  duke  of  the  Normans^  addressed 
(Original  in        to  all  in  Normandy,  confirming  the  grants  to  the  hospital  of 
Tvtn^VoX^'uAol)  ^^''alaise  in  the  charters  of  Henry  I. 

Teste  {sic)  Willelmo  cancellario,  Alexandre  de  Bo[hu]n ; 
Roberto  de  Curci ;  Guy  de  Sable  ;  Jordano  Tesson^ ;  W[iUelmo] 
marescallo ;  Radulfo  de  Pomeria.     Data^"  apud  Falesiam. 

1157.  613.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the   archbishop  of 

(Original  in       Rouen  and  all  in  England   and  Normandy.      He  gives   and 

T,anrvoril!fo°?:)  confirms  {ut  supra)  to  the  hospital  of   Falaise  his   mills   at 

Falaise,  which  were  Goinfrid's,  and  the  fair  land  and  whatever 

1  Trans.;  "Teste."  2  ^^^^^  .  «  somite." 

3  Trans.  :   "  Paganello."  '  Trans.  :   "  Wintomaor." 

*  Now  in  archives  of  the  Calvados.  6  Trans.  :  "Teste." 

^  This  and  preceding  name  omitted  in  Transcript.  It  is  clear  that  "  Vig  "  is  a, 
jnisreading  (through  "uig")  for  "  ing[elrEimo],"  an  error  which  proves  that  the 
text  is  derived. 

^  Wrongly  assigned  by  D'Anisy  to  Henry  I.  »  Trans. :  "  Taisson  " 

'»  Trans.  -.  "  Datum." 


ABBEY  OP  ST.  JEAN  DE  FALAISB.  215 


1157. 

they  need  in  his  wood  of  Gufem,  at  Argentan,  for  firing  and 
building,  and  a  fair  yearly  at  Michaelmas,  with  [the]  passage 
[money],  to  begin  three  days  before,  and  close  three  days  after 
the  feast,  like  his  fair  on  the  feast  of  St.  Gervase,  free  [from 
payment]  both  within  and  without  his  castle  of  Falaise,  both 
coming  and  going,  and  the  chapel  of  Vilers  and  the  land,  given 
them  by  Hugh  de  Merlaio  and  William  de  Grentmesnil  and 
other  prudhommes  of  that  vill ;  and  the  land  given  by  Roger 
de  Monbraio  and  Philip  de  Basochiis  and  Fulk  his  brother, 
and  the  church  of  Coiivrigny,  and  the  land  given  by  Emesius 
Aries  and  William  his  son,  and  the  lands  and  houses  of 
William  Broldus,  "  fratris  nostri,"  and  his  wife  at  Falaise  and 
Condeum,  and  the  land  given  them  by  William  de  Maigneio. 
And  he  confirms  the  gifts  of  Goinfrid  {ut  sv/pra)  and  takes  his 
brethren  {fratres  meos)  of  the  hospital  under  his  protection,  etc. 
Collaudata  omnium  subscriptorum  consilio.  Testibus  Philippo 
episcopo  Baiocensi ;  Eruulfo  episcopo  Lexoviensi ;  Girardo  epis- 
copo  Sagiensi ;  Rotro  (sic)  episcopo  Ebroicensi ;  Thoma  cancel- 
lario  ;  Ricardo  constabulario  ;  Guarino  filio  Giroldi ;  Manessier 
Biset ;  Roberto  de  Novo  Burgo ;  Ricardo  de  Luceio ;  Henrico 
[de]  Pomeria ;  Willelmo  Patric  ;  Roberto  de  Curceio ;  Willelmo 
de  Augiervilla.  Apud  Falesiam.  Anno  ab  incarnatione 
dominica  MOCOLVII°.     In  Christo  consummata  feliciter. 

1200,  18  July.  614.  Charter  of  John  addressed  generally.  For  the  weal 
(Original  in  of  his  soul  and  thosc  of  his  father  and  mother,  his  predecessors 
Trai^'^Voi?ll^fo'°9  S  ^^^  successors,  and  for  the  [good]  estate  and  safety  of  his  realm, 
he  confirms  all  the  gifts  in  the  above  charters  and  those  of 
Richard  Giffard,  Hamo  de  Cumeaus,  Alvred  son  of  Bernard  and 
his  sisters,  Beatrice  de  Rivers,  Theobald  de  Mulines,  Hugh  de 
Raveton,  Nigel  de  Monbray,  William  de  Curcy,  Fulk  de  Basoch', 
Ralf  de  Pomeria,  and  Jethlan  (Jethlani)  his  son,  all  in 
Normandy. 

Hiis  testibus :  Eustachio  Eliensi  episcopo ;  Willelmo  Maris- 
callo  comite  de  Pembroc ;  Petro  de  Pratellis ;  Warino  de  Glapiun ; 
Willelmo  de  Stagno.  Datum  per  mauum  Henrici  Cantuar- 
[iensis^]  (aic)  archiepiscopi  (sic),  apud  Aurivall[um]  xviij.  die 
Julii,  anno  regni  nostri  primo. 

'  Now  in  archives  of  the  Calvados.  ^  Trans.  ;  "  Cantuarie." 


216 

MISCELLANEOUS  DOCUMENTS : 
CALVADOS. 

[Cartulaire  de  Normandie  in  Public  Library  of  Bouen.] 


1158,  2  Nov.  615.  Bull  of  pope  Adrian  IV.  addressed  to  Guy  abbot  of 
(Cartulaire  de  Qt.  Sever  in  Valle  Viri  and  his  brethren  of  the  monastery,  present 
Normandie,  fo.  33.)  j^j^^j  fy^^j,^  He  Confirms  to  them  ....  in  England, 
Hetham^  v,'ith  its  appurtenances,  the  churches  of  Grahan, 
Raduella,  Brenetebi,^  Halton,  Watintone,  Takalege,  with  their 
tithes  and  appurtenant  land,  four  hides  of  land  at  Hengestrie, 
the  church  of  Lifiden,  with  its  tithes  and  land,  i  he  tithe  of 
Bladecumba,  of  Fillefort,  of  Fissentona,  and  of  Bicentona ;  the 
church  of  Culuutune  with  its  tithes  and  land;  in  Barn  the 
land  of  one  villein  (rusticus)  and  the  church  with  its  land  ;  the 
tithe  of  Farlestorp  ;  in  Walbruna  the  land  of  two  villeins  and 
the  tithe ;  in  Kelinges  the  land  of  one,  and  the  tithe ;  iu 
Carlentuna  the  tithe  ;  in  Lingeilande  the  land  of  one,  and  the 
tithe;  in  Frameldena,  the  same;  in  Clistune  the  land  of  one 
and  the  third  [tithe]  sheaf  of  the  earl's  demesne,  and  of  other 
tithes  (sic)  the  whole  tithe ;  in  Rapenduna,  likewise,  the  tithe 
of  all  deerskins  {coriis  cervorum) ;  the  tithe  of  Caslesbi ;  the 
tithe  of  one  plough[land]  at  Suabi ;  the  tithe  of  Testelesbi ; 
half  the  tithe  of  Wella,  the  tithe  of  Lecceburne,  of  Hesdresham, 
of  Totele,  of  Brocesbi,  of  Holtuna,  and  of  Prestewald ;  the 
tithes  of  William  braconarius,  of  Pontius,  of  Ernelius,  of  Arnuif, 
of  Hubert,  and  of  Wicard.  Those  tithes  which  they  enjoy  iti 
the  parishes  of  other  churches  and  have  enjoyed  in  peace  and 
undisturbed  for  forty  years,  he  allows  to  them.  No  diocesan 
bishop  shall  have  power  to  forbid  divine  service  in  their  church 
except  when  the  whole  land  is  under  interdict  or  for  other 
manifest  CKUse  etc.  etc. 

Datum  Laterani  per  manum  Roland[i]sancte  Romane  ecclesie 
presbiteri  cardinalis  et  cancellarii  iiij.  Non.  Novembris,  Indic- 
t[ione]  vij.  incariiationis  Dominice  anno  M''C°L°V1II°,  pontificatus 
vero  domini  Adriani  pape  IV.  anno  liii°.'' 

[1151-1154.]        616.  Charter  of  Henry,  by  the  grace  of  God,  duke  of  the 

(Original  in  archives  j^ormans  [and]  count   of   the    Angevins,  addressed  to  all  his 

"'^Seal'brS.''''    officers.     He  grants  to  the  monks  of  Fontenay  (Fontenetum) 

Trans.  Vol.  II.     freedom  from  all  dues  as  well  in  Normandy  as  in  Anjou  and 

fo.  13.)  England  {sic),  throughout  his  dominions  on  all  their  property. 

Ten  pounds  penalty  for  infraction. 


'  Rectius :  "  Hecham."  "  Mectius :  "  Bernetebi." 

'  Not  in  Jaffe.  ''  NoTV  missing. 


MISCELLANEOUS  DOCUMENTS  :   CALVADOS.       217 


[1151-1154,.] 


[1166-1181.J 

(Cartalaire  de 

Normandie, 

fos.  49,  59. 

Trans.  132.) 


[1189.] 

(Cartulaire  de 

Normandie,  fo.  43. 

Trans.  487.) 


[?1180.] 

(Cartulaire  de 
Normandie,  fo.  11.) 


[1166-1189.] 

(Cartulaire  de 

Normandie,  fo.  546. 

TraES.  131.) 


Testibus  hiis :  cancellario  Ricardo  (sic) ;  Jordane  Taxone ; 
Roberto  filio  Emesii ;  Radulfo  de  Pomeria ;  Ricardo  de  Haia ; 
Engelgero^  de  Bohun.     Apud  Argentonum. 

617.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  confirms 
to  Hugh  de  Laci  and  his  heirs  the  donation  of  Robert  count  of 
Mellent,  namely  the  whole  honour  of  Le  Pin  (Pinus),  [details 
specified]  to  be  held  of  him  and  his  heirs  by  the  service  of  two 
knights,  according  to  his  charter.  Hugh  is  to  hold  as  Robert 
de  Pinu  and  Odard  and  Walter  held.  For  this  donation  Hugh 
has  given  William  200  pounds  of  Anjou. 

Testibus  hiis  :  Roberto  de  Queti  etc.  (sic).   Apud  Nonancuriam. 

618.  Charter  of  Walter  de  Lacey  notifying  that  he  has  given 
to  Durand  de  Pinu  for  his  services  to  his  father,  his  brother, 
and  himself,  the  whole  of  his  land  of  Montornium,  with  all  its 
appurtenances  to  be  held  for  ever,  by  hereditary  right,  from 
him  and  his  heirs  by  Durand  and  his  beiis,  for  which  gift 
Durand  has  done  homage  to  him,  and  has  acquitted  him  of  ten 
pounds  rent  in  money  of  Angers  which  he  enjoyed  by  the  gift 
of  Hugh  de  Lacey  his  father,  at  Hoesville  in  a  cer-tain  mill  and 
in  tenants  (hominibus)  who  were  his  sworn  men  thereof  (inde 
sui  jurati). 

Hiis  vero  testibus ;  domino  Willelmo  electo  domini  regis 
Anglie  cancellario,  et  pluribus  aliis. 

619.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.  He  gives  to 
Geofirey  his  goldsmith,  of  Caen,  his  stall  at  Caen  where  fish  and 
bread  is  soLi  in  front  of  the  church  of  St.  Peter  de  Darnestal,  to 
be  held  by  him  and  his  heirs  of  the  king  and  his  heirs  for  the 
annual  rent  of  60  shillings  of  Anjou  to  be  paid  at  the  Michaelmas 
exchequer,  with  all  the  privileges  belonging  to  that  stall. 

T[estibus] :  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi  senescallo  Normannie ; 
Gilleberto  filio  Renfridi  ;  Hamone  pincerna ;  Johanne  filio 
Luc[e] ;  Waltero  filio  Turstini ;  Petro  Saraceno.  Apud  Cesaris- 
burgum. 

620.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 
Rouen  and  all  his  lieges  of  Normandy.  Geoffrey  son  of  Mabel, 
in  the  king's  presence  and  by  his  permission,  has  given  to  Hamo 
pincerna,  the  king's  serjeant,  his  daughter  Agnes  to  wife, 
with  all  his  inheritance  in  land  and  money,  and  with  all  his 
right  in  purchases  and  rightful  acquisitions  and  all  else,  of 
whosesoever  fee  they  be,  except  what  Geoffrey  had  previously 
given  to  his  elder  daughters  as  marriage  portion  (in  maritagium). 
He  [the  king]  grants  to  Hamo  and  his  heirs  by  the  said  Agnes 
all  these  things.  They  are  therefore  to  hold  as  Geoffrey  himself 
or  any  of  his  ancestors  held. 

Testibus  hiis  :  Henrico  episcopo  Baiocensi,  etc,     Apud  Burura. 


1200  7  Feb.        ®21.  Charter  of  John  for  Hamo  pincerna. 

(Cartulaire  de       Cort,  p.  36a. 
Normandie,  .  Ti-ans.  185.) 


Printed  in  Mot. 


Trans.  •  "  Engelgerano." 


218 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVROUL, 

POR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE    OP    LISIEUX. 

[Original  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Orne.  Cartulary, 
MS.  Lat.  11,055,  11,056;  and  Charter  roll,^  in  Bihliotheque 
Nationale?'] 


[1099.]  622.  Charter  of  Richer  de  Aquila,  son  of  Ingenulf  de  Aquila. 

(MS.  lat.  11,056,    He  grants   the  monks   of   St.  Evroul  whatever   Ingenulf  his 

^OrdlrfcusVifaHi?  f^^J^^^  ^^'^  ^^^  liegemen  and  his  own  liegemen  (fideles  homini) 

V.  195.)  had  given  them,  namely  the  church  of  Laigle  {Aquilevilla)  and 

all  that  vill  with  quittance  of  cornage,  and  passage  [money]  and 

tholl  and  dues  on  all  their  food  and  raiment  and  that  of  their 

own  servants  whom  they  feed ;  at  Cisai  (Giseium)  the  tithe  of 

the  mill  of  Coisel ;  at  Aspres  the  tithe  given  them  by  Walter 

de  Aspris  with  the  metairie  he  gave  them  at  Auguaise  (Augesa)  ; 

at  Auhe  (Alba)  the  tithe  given  them  by  Fromund  de  Alba ;  at 

Poileium,  half  the  church  and  churchyard,  with  a  third  of  the 

tithe,  given  them  by  Ernald  de  Bosco  Fulberti,  his  man. 

Presentibus  dominis :  Gilleberto  scilicet  Lexoviensi,  Gilleberto 
Ebroicensi,  Serlone  Sagiensi  episcopis,  ipso  die  quo  ecclesiam 
sancti  Ebrulfi  ipsi  tres  dedicaverunt.  Testibus  domina  matre 
mea  Richoereda,  Gilleberto  et  Roberto  fratribus  meis,  Judiht 
uxore  mea,  filia  Ricardi  de  Abrincis  et  sorore  Hugonis  comitis 
Cestrensis  et  aliis  multis  apud  Sanctum  Ebrulfum  in  die 
dedicationis  ipsius  ecclesie. 

[1127-8.]  623,  Charter  of  Henry  I.  [as  king  of  England  and  duke  of 

(MS.  lat.  11,055,    Normandy]  addressed  generally.   At  the  request  of  beloved  lieges, 

fo.  21.)  Robert   de   Grentemesnil  and  Robert   de   sancto   Serenico   he 

confirms  to  abbot  Garin  and  the  monks  of  St.  Evroul  all  the 

endowments  which  they,  their  lieges  (fideles)  or  their  progenitors, 

Hugh  and  Robert  de  Girentemesnil  have  given  [specified]. 

Testibus :  G[odefredo]  Rothomagensi  archiepiscopo ;  W[in- 
elmo]  comite  Pontivi  ;  Nigello  de  Albigneio ;  Roberto  de 
Grente[mesnil] ;  Roberto  Geroiano ;  Patricio  de  Chahorcis ;  Goel 
de  Ivreio  ;  W[illelmo]  de  Sacio.*     Apud  Rothomagum. 


'  See  Delisle's  Melanges  de  Paleographie  et  de  Bibliographie  (1880),  p.  477. 
2  M.  d'Anisy's  Transcripts  are  restricted  to  the  documents  in  the  archires  of 
the  Orne. 

'  Ed.  Societe  de  I'hlstoire  de  Prance.  ■•  Bectius  :  "  Saieo." 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVROUL. 


219 


[1113.]  624.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  [as  king  of  England  and  duke  of 

(Original  in       Normandy]  addressed  generally.      He  confirms  to  St.  Evroul 
Trans'^Vol^Lfo  20  Certain  benefactions  in  Normandy. 

Also  MS.  lat.  11,055,      Hanc  autem  donationis  cartulam  ego  H[enricus]  rex  scribi 

fo.  18</.  [wUhout    feci   anno    quo    comes   Andegavensis   mecum   pacem  fecit  et 

'from  the  CartSary  Cenomannum  de  me,  mens  homo  factus,  recepit,  et  confirmavi 

in  Ordericus  Vitalis  atque  confirmo  in  turre  Rothomagensi,  presentibua  istis  quorum 

V.  196.)         nomina  et  signa  subterscripta.     [Signa]  regis  Henrici,  Goiftredi 

Rothomagensis    archiepiscopi,    [Rqberti]    Comitis    de    Mellent, 

Nigelli  de   Albineio,  Comitis   Ricardi   [de    Cestra],  Huelli  de 

Ivreio,  Willelmi  Pevrelli,  Willelmi  de  Sai,  Rogerii  de  Tiebou- 

divilla,  Willelmi  de  la  Lunda,  Walteri  de  Vernone,  Rodberti 

filii  Anchetilli,  Willelmi  filii  ejus,  Patricii  de  Chaorcis,  Rodberti 

filii  Regis,  Willelmi  Bigot. 


IGirc.  1080.] 

(MS.  lat.  11,056, 

fo.  26  dors. 

See  Ordericus 

Vitalis  V.  180.) 


[1124-1135.] 

(Lat.  11,056, 

fo.  25rf.) 


[?  1124-1135.] 

(Cartulary, 

MS.  lat.  11,055, 

fo.  21. 

See  Ordericus 

Vitalis  V.  200.) 


625.  Charter  of  Ralf  de  Conchis  son  of  Roger  de  Toneio. 
Wishing  to  do  what  is  right  to  the  abbot  and  monks  of  St. 
Evroul  in  return  for  his  having  assisted  Ernald  de  Eschaufo 
when  he  burnt  their  town,  he  gives  them  two  measures 
(agripennas)  of  vineyard  at  Toeni  (Toneiv/ryi),  for  perpetual 
masses  for  his  weal,  with  other  lands  [in  Normandy] ;  and  in 
England  Alvintona  in  the  county  of  Worcester,  with  its  church 
and  with  all  his  forest  of  Wyre,  and  all  he  had  therein,  save 
his  enclosure  (haia)  at  Beitone  ;  and  in  the  county  of  Noi-folk, 
a  carucate  of  land,  with  its  appurtenances,  in  Caldecote,  And 
he  wills  that  his  heirs  should  defend  all  his  gifts  against  all 
folk,  and  should  any  of  them  resist  these,  the  curse  of  God, 
and  of  all  the  saints,  and  his  own,  be  upon  them. 

Hujus  donationis  mee  testes :  Rogerus  de  Clara ;  Galterus 
de  Hispannia ;  Guillelmus  de  Paceio  ;  Robertus  de  Remileio ; 
Geroldus  Gastinellus ;  Gillebertus  Toroldi  filius ;  Rogerus  de 
Mucegros,  et  Galterus  de  Calvo  Monte,  et  multi  alii. 

626.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  [as  king  of  England  and  duke  of 
Normandy]  addressed  generally.  He  confirms  to  the  abbot 
and  monks  of  St.  Evroul  a  house  in  the  chief  street  of  Falaise 
(Falesia)  near  the  shambles  (macellum)  between  the  houses 
of  William  Francise  and  Garin  de  Hispania  at  the  request  of 
William  de  Magneto  and  his  wife,  to  whose  marriage  portion 
it  belonged.  Gervase  Cornet  of  whom  it  was  held  (movebat) 
grants  this  before  him. 

Testibus  Johanne  Sagiensi  episcopo ;  Nigello  de  Albine  (sic). 
Apud  Falesiam. 

627.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  [as  king  of  England,  and  duke 
of  Normandy]  addressed  generally.  At  the  entreaty  of  his 
beloved  and  faithful  Nigel  de  Albigneio,  he  grants  to  the  abbot 
and  monks  of  St.  Evroul  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of  Villez 
(Villare),  namely  of  sheaves,  of  flax,  hemp,  vegetable  gardens, 
orchards,  and  all  that  should  rightly  be  tithed,  given  by  Nigel, 


No  longer  there  now. 


220 
[n  124-1135.] 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVROUL. 


and  granted  and  confirmed  by  the  king,  so  that  they  render 
service  for  it  to  God  alone.  He  also  grants  and  confirms  the 
agreement,  made  before  him,  between  them  and  Nigel  as  to 
Culleium  on  the  Orne  (Olna).  The  abbot  and  monks  have 
granted  him  whatever  they  possessed  there  by  gift  of  the 
lords  of  Grentmesnil  (Gretesmenil),  to  be  held  of  them  in  fee 
and  inheritance,  except  the  church,  with  two-thirds  of  its 
tithes  and  of  the  mills,  so  that  by  their  hand  (manum)  and 
summons,  the  said  Nigel  shall  do  the  service  of  one  knight, 
due  thence  to  himself  in  his  affairs  (negociis)  and  hosts;  and  for 
the  relief  (relevamentum  terre)  and  crown  services  and  such 
[things]  as  may  be  granted  to  the  abbey  by  himself  or  his 
heirs,  the  abbot  and  monks  shall  exercise  jurisdiction  {justiciam, 
suam  facere)  as  often  as  they  deem  fit,  nor  shall  Nigel  or  his 
heir  impose  on  the  knights  or  other  men  of  that  vill  any 
custom[ary  service]s  but  those  they  were  bound  to  render  to 
the  abbot  and  monks  ;  and  should  complaints  be  made  on  this 
point,  the  abbot  and  monks  shall  do  justice  on  him  there  till 
he  makes  fitting  amends.  So  also  with  all  other  forfeitures  and 
amends  due  from  Nigel  to  the  abbots  and  monks. 

Testibus  me  ipso,  Ricardo  Baiocensi,  et  Johanne  Lexoviensi 
episcopi.«,  et  Nigello  de  Albigneio.     Apud  Cadomum. 

[1140-1157.]         628.  Charter  of  Simon  count  of   Evreux,  confirming  the 

(MS.  Latin  11,055,  establislAment,  in  his  fortress  (castrd)  of  Noion  for  a  monastery 

"■       '^        granted  by  his  predecessors  to  the  monks  of  St.  Evroul.     He 

grants  to  them  all  the   endowments  they  have  received  of  the 

gift  of    his  grandfather   count  William   and   Helvisa  his  wife 

all  the  count's  land  in  England,  which  had  been 

given  him  by  king  William  who  conquered  (conquisivit) 
England,  namely  the  church  of  Henrhet  and  all  that  he  held 
in  that  vill ;  all  that  he  held  at  (in)  Borchillberia,  Siffleth, 
Grafetona,  Bouhelanda  and  Bibleiia;  at  Aldintona  a  hide  of 
land,  and  all  that  he  held  at  (in)  Baldintona  and  Chilbehcrt, 
and  Mildeconba  ;  and  a  hide  (hildam)  of  land  at  (in)  Molintona, 
and  all  that  he  held  at  (in)  Bodicota  and  Bocota,  and  Colecota, 
Donetrop,  and  Senenella ;  at  Pessemere  one  hide  (hildam)  of 
land.  He  also  gave  the  tithe  of  his  land  which  king  Henry 
had  given  him  in  England,  namely  Brefort,  Teodeorda  and  the 
manors  belonging  to  it ;  in  Hauneia  all  that  he  had  of  the  gift 

of  king  William  ;  and  in  Normandy,  etc 

Testes :    Hugo  de  Blachepuit ;  Fulco  capellanus ;  Alexander 
de  Autoil;  Hamericus  de  Boisseria. 

[1124-1135.]        629.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  as  king  of  England  and  duke  of 

(Original  in        Normandy,  addressed  generally.     At  the  prayer  of  William  de 

Trans  Vo^rfo  205.  Molendinis  and  Albereda  his  wife,  he  grants  to  the  monks  of 

Also  MS.  lat.       St.  Evroul,  free  from   all  earthly  service,  etc.  the  church  of 

11,055,  fo.  i9rf. ;     St.   Lawrence   de   Molendinis  and  lands  [specified];  also   the 

Printed  fiom  the    church  of  St.  Mary  de   Bonis  Molendinis  with  the  tithe,  etc. ; 

Cariulary  ut  supra,  the  church  of  St.  Denis  de  Mahcru,  with  other  gifts  [specified] ; 

p.  205.)  and,   of   the  fee   of  Hugh  de  Ferraria,  and  in  the   parish  of 

'  No  longer  there  now. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVROUL.  221 


[1124-1135.] 

Eonceos  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of  the  fee  of  Walter  de  Veteri 
Ponte ;  also  land  in  the  parish  of  Sancta  Golumba ;  and  all 
their  liberties  as  lield  of  his  ancestors  and  of  William  and 
Albereda  his  wife. 

Testibus :  Ricliardo  Baiocensi,  Johanne  Lexoviensi,  Johanne 
Sagiensi  episcopis,  et  Nigello  de  Albigneio,  et  Wilielmo  de 
Molendinis.     Apud  Cadomum. 

[?  1124-1135.]       630.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  all  his  barons  and 

(MS.  lat.  11,056,    lieges  of  Normandy.     He  grants  to  the  abbot  and  monks  of 

See^Ordm-««      ^*-  Evroul  two-thirds  of   the  tithe  of  Vilers  which  Nigel  de 

Vitalis  V.  202.)     Albineio   has  given   them,   namely   two    [out  of  three]  tithe 

sheaves  from  the  demesne  and  the  whole  vill,  and  two -thirds  of 

the  tithe  of  calves  and  lambs  and  porkers  and  of  gardens  in  the 

whole  vill,  and  of  cheese  and  wool  and  everything  that  ought 

rightly  to  be  tithed,  and  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of  the  mill. 

Testibus  :  Ricardo  episcopo  Baiocensi,  et  J[ohanne]  episcopo 
Luxoviensi,  et  Nigello  de  Albineio.     Apud  Cadomum. 

[N.  D.]-  631.  Notification  that  Robert   of  Roelent   and  his  brother 

(Charter  KoU  of    Roger  gave  to  the  monks  of  St.  Evroul  the  whole  church  of 

0^^riZ\ifall    TeUiole,  and  all  that  they  held  in  the  church  of  Dambleinvilla, 

V.  186-7.)        and  the  priest,  and  all  that  they  held  in  the  church  of  Torneor, 

and  the  priest,  and  the  tithe  of  the  mills  and  of  all  revenues 

which  they  had  or  might  have  and   the  retithing  {redeci/ma- 

tionem)  of  their  storehouses  (promptuariorum). 

Testes  qui  hoc  audierunt  et  viderunt:  Hugo  filius  Agnetis  ; 
Rogerius  filius  Alan  de  Scuris  ;  Rogerius  filius  Geroii ;  Walterius 
propositus. 

William  the  butler  (pincerna)  son  of  Grimoud  granted  the 
monastery  of  Teilliol  to  St.  Evroul,  with  his  tithe  at  Damblein- 
villa, and  the  tithe  of  the  above  Robert,  which  he  had  at 
Dambleinvilla.  For  [all]  which  his  lord  Robert  gave  him 
compensation  in  England. 

Hugh  de  Millay,  to  whom  Grimoud  had  given  his  daughter, 
and  the  church  of  Teilliol  [as  security]  for  100  shillings  till  he 
paid  him  that  money,  granted,  with  his  wife  and  sons,  the  whole 
to  St.  Evroul,  for  which  Roger  the  son  of  Humfrey,  brother  of 
Robert  de  Roelent,  gave  him  the  value  of  60  shillings.  Hugh, 
with  his  wife  and  sons  and  his  brother  Razzo  the  dean,  came 
into  the  chapter -house  of  St.  Evroul,  and  placed  his  grant  on 
the  altar. 

[N.  D.]  632.  [Notification   that]   Robert    de   Roelent   gave   to   the 

(/fiid.)  monks  of  St.  Evroul,  in  England  the  land  of  two  ploughs  and 

twenty  villeins  and  the  church  with  the  priest  at  Bivella,  and  the 
vill  of  Chercabia  with  the  church  and  priest  and  the  church  of  the 
Isle  (Insule).  He  also  gave  in  the  city  of  Chester  the  church  of 
St.  Peter  of  the  market-place  and  three  tenants  (hospites).  And, 
that  St.  Evroul  might  peacefully  possess  all  these  as  he  gave  them, 
he  came,  before  bis  death,  into  the  chapter  [house]  and  confirmed 
his  grant  in  the  presence  of  th$  convent.     And  with  him  were 


222  ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVROUL. 

[N.D.] 

Roger  son  of  Geroicus,  Duraud  the  frivot  (prepositus),  Burnol, 
Osbern  de  Orgiariis,  Walter  the  prdvot.  These  heard,  and 
witnessed  for  him  his  last  grant  in  the  chapter  [house]. 

De  nostra  parte  testes  :  Marscus ;  Rainerius  pincerna ;  Hugo 
Magnus. 

In  the  time  of  abbot  Roger,  William  son  of  the  above 
Robert^  came  into  the  chapter-house  one  dajr,  granted  all  that 
his  father  had  given  St.  Evroul,  and  made  the  grant  by  a  book 
[laid]  on  the  altar. 

Testes :  Odo  Rufus  et  filii  ejus,  Rogerius  atque  Gervasius ; 
Godef  ridus  nutritor  ejusdem  Willelmi ;  Willelmus  Bulzon  ;  Hugo 
filius  Fulcoldi ;  Osbernus  pincerna ;  Tanquere  filius  ejus ;  Ger- 
vasius famulus ;  Rogerius  de  Sancta  Maria ;  Anschetillus  frater 
W.  .  .  . ;  Unsfr[i]dus  portarius ;  Herbertus  Anglicus ;  Rodulfus 
Cornu ;  Ragnulfus  sutor ;  Rotbertus  filius  ejus ;  Goisfredus 
Rufiis ;  Willelmus  del  Maisnil.  Signum  Willelmi  filii  Rotberti 
de  Roelent. 

[N.  D.]  633.  [Notification   that]   Humphrey  de   Merestona,  in   the 

(/fcid.)  chapter  [house]  of  St.  Evroul,  gave  the  saint  all  his  land  in  the 

demesne   of   Danblain villa,  and  in  England, the  land  of   two 

ploughs  at  Bivelle. 

Affuerunt   autem    ibi    Odo    cocus,   Rodbertus   Anglicus,   et 

Herveus,  et  Guarnerius. 

[1089-1135.]        634.  Charter  of  William,  earl  of  War[enne],^  addressed  to  all 

(Original  in  archives,  his  bailifis  and  his  men.     He  gives  the  monks  of  St.  Evroul 

s  /?b^^ken        freedom  from  all  dues  throughout  all  his  land  on  their  demesne 

Trans.  Vol.  I.      supplies,^  which  their  men  can  declare  (affidare)  to  be  their 

fo.  262.)  supplies  (de  mensa  eorum). 

Huic  autem  donationi  et  concessioni  interf  uerunt :  I[sabella] 
comitissa,  efc  Jordanus  de  Blossevilla,  et  Richoardus  de  Torcheio. 

[1121-1129.]  635.  Charter  of  Randulf  (Bannulfus)  earl  of  Chester 
(Lat.  11,056,  fo.  26.)  addressed  generally.  He  gives  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Evroul  the 
church  of  St.  Martial,  Croisilles  (Gruaillis),  with  all  its  appur- 
tenances, for  ever,  saving  royal  service.  [He  does  this]  for  the 
love  of  God,  and  for  himself,  and  for  the  soul  of  his  uncle  [earl] 
R[ichard]  who  gave  it  before  him,  and  for  those  of  all  his  pre- 
decessors. 

Test[ibus] :  Roberto  de  Avrinc[is] ;  Rad[ulfo]  dapifero ; 
Roberto  Carbonel ;  Ric[ardo]  de  Col' ;  Roberto  de  Duse ; 
Gisleherto  de  Avri[n]c[is] ;  Rogero  Baneista ;  Ricardo  de  Giznai. 

[1121-1129.]        636.  Charter    of    Randulf    (Rdnulfus)    earl    of    Chester, 

(Lat.  1 1,055,  fo.  30.)  addressed  to  all  his  lieges  {fidelibus).     For  the  weal  of  his  soul 

and  his  ancestors'  he  gives  the  abbot  and  monks  of  St.  Evroul, 

the  church  of  Bifeilt,  in  England,  in  frankalmoin,  [as]  given 


1  Eobert  d.  1088. 

2  "  Comte.  de  Wares  "  erroneously  in  Inveniaire  Sommaire. 

'  "  de  dominie  sue  de  mensa  sua  "  j  but  the  Inventaire  renders  it  "  leur  domaine 
de  Mensa." 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVEOUL.  223 


[1121-1129.] 

them  by  his  predecessor  (antecessor)  Richard  earl  of  Chester 
with  all  its  appurtenances  and  one  carucate  of  land  quit  of 
scutage  and  tallage  {escuagio  et  tallalio)  and  all  other  earthly- 
service  ;  also,  in  England,  of  the  gift  of  Hugh  earl  of  Chester, 
a  hide  of  land  in  little  Pilardentona,  and  the  tithe  of  Brichella 
and  a  villein  (rusticus)  and  the  tithe  of  Sauleia  in  Bochinge- 
hamscira ;  of  the  gift  of  Robert  de  Roelent  his  man,  the  vill 
of  Cherchebia  with  two  churches  belonging  to  it,  at  Merestona 
the  church  with  the  whole  tithe  and  eight  tenants  (hospitibus) 
and  two  carucates  of  land  there,  at  Chester  the  church  of 
St.  Peter  of  the  market-place  and  three  burgesses ;  of  the  gift 
of  Roscelin,  the  earl's  man,  the  whole  tithe  of  sheaves,  lambs, 
and  porkers  at  Stantona ;  of  the  gift  of  Osbern  "  filius  ceuxonis  "  ^ 
(sic),  the  tithe  of  Neobotha ;  the  tithes  of  Forefort  and 
Oxcamde,  given  by  Baldric  de  Lindissi  and  the  tithe  of  Brisard 
"  ad  Lindissi,"  with  the  tithe  of  the  land  of  Roger  de  Millaio 
in  Normandy ;  the  church  of  Croissiles,  which  Richard  earl  of 
Chester  gave  them,  with  all  its  appurtenances,  [with  other 
gifts,  specified,  in  Normandy]. 

Test[ibus]  Hug[one]  Maubaent  f  Moraito  de  Lineriz ; 
Ricardo  filio  Baldrici  de  Lindissi;  Rogero  de  Combraio,  et 
aliis  multis. 

[1136-1144.]  637.  Notification  by  Geoflrey  count  of  the  Angevins,  son  of 
(Lat.  ii,056,fo.  25rf.)  Fulc,  king  of  Jerusalem  that  he  confirms  to  the  monks  of 
St.  Evroul  possession  of  all  that  belonged  to  them  in  the  time 
of  king  Henry  his  predecessor.  They  are  not  to  be  impleaded 
concerning  them;  and  his  friends  wheresoever  they  may  be, 
are  entreated  to  uphold  and  defend  them. 

[?  1166-7.]  638.  Charter  of    Henry  II.,  confirming   to  the    abbot  and 

(Original  in  monks  of  St.  Evroul  free  from  all  earthly  service,  whatever 

^'Trir/-^']^!*'  *'^®y  ^^^^  ^*  ^oli"^  ^^^  Bonmolins  and  in  the  bailiwick  thereof, 

fo.  210.)  aud  granting  that  aU  their  men  there  be  quit  of  all  dues,  tolls, 

1  Kectius  :•  "Tezsonis."  ^  Rectius :  "  Maubaenc." 

'  The  text  and  treatment  of  this  charter  require  a  special  note.  The  "  original," 
transcribed  by  D'Anisy,  is  in  the  liasse,  H.  564,  which  contains,  as  stated  in  the 
Inventaire  Sommaire,  two  documents.  One  of  these,  which  the  compiler  seems  to 
have  overlooked,  for  he  does  not  describe  it,  is  au  Inspeximus  of  this  charter  in 
1400.  The  other  is  the  charter  itself,  now  much  injured  by  gall,  and  in  parts 
almost  illegible.  The  Inventaire  gives  a  detailed  analysis  of  it,  but  makes  the 
singular  mistake  of  converting  the  benefactors,  whose  gifts  are  confirmed,  into 
witnesses,  reading  :  "  Temoins  de  Guillaume  comte  de  Fouthieu,  B.  comte  de 
Leicester,"  etc.  It  also  omits,  among  the  true  witnesses,  the  name  of  Robert 
^  deHarecort.    Lastly,  it  positively  assigns  the  document,  at  the  outset,  to  "  1176," 

but  dates  it  at  the  close,  as  "  vers  1170." 

D' Anisy  seems  to  have  omitted  in  his  Transcript,  without  giving  any  indication  of 
the  fact,  the  important  transactions  relative  to  Roger  de  Bocquence,  {ihe  Inventaire 
Sommaire  reads  "  de  Bachevent "  in  error]  supplied  on  next  page  from  the  Cartulary; 
and  h»  carelessly  left  out  the  words  "  de  Harecort "  in  the  list  of  witnesses,  thus 
misleading  Mr.  Eyton,  who  took  "  Robert "  to  be  a  brother  of  Godard  de  Vans 
(pp.  22,  342). 

Mr.  Eyton  himself,  who  assigned  the  charter,  by  a  slip,  to  "  St.  Stephen's  abbey 
at  Caen,"  held  that  it  belonged  to  the  end  of  1156  or  beginning  of  1157. 
Reference  to  his  work  wiU  show  that  the  witnesses  fairly  suggest  that  date.  But 
the  name  of  Godard  de  Vans  is  the  only  real  evidence,  and  that  not  conclusive. 
The  date  is  of  importance,  for  if  the  charter  belongs  to  1156-7,  it^  mention  of  the 


22  L 

[1156-7.] 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVEOUL, 


tallies,  aids,  cartages  (carriagiis),  murages,  and  scutages,  carry- 
ing-services, ditching,  and  all  other  distraints  from  himself. 
The  abbot  and  monks  are  to  enjoy  therein  all  his  own  rights, 
save  the  pleas  of  the  sword  (de  spata);  and  all  their  food  and 
raiment  is  to  be  quit  throughout  his  land  of  England  and 
Normandy  and  the  comUs  of  Anjou  and  of  Maine,  especially  in 
sea-ports,  from  all  dues,  etc.,  under  penalty  of  ten  pounds.  He 
also  contirms  the  gifts  of  William  count  of  Ponthieu,  Kobert 
earl  [of  Leicester],  G[aleran]  count  of  Meulan  {Mellenti), 
William  de  Sancto  Serenico,  Simon  count  of  Evreux,  William 
de  Rumara,  Richard  de  Altifago,  Richer  de  Aquila,  Richard 
Fresnel,  Walquelin  de  Ferrariis,  and  Amaury  de  Gaceio  etc. 

Teste  me  ipso;  et  Arnulfo  Lexoviensi  episcopo;  Ricardo  de 
Humeto  senescallo Normannie ;  Roberto  [de  Harecort^],  etGodardo 
de  Vaus.     Apud  Cadomum. 

[?1156-7.]  639.  Charter  of  Henry  IE.  addressed  generally.     He  con- 

(Lat.  11,055,  firms  to  the  abbot  and  monks  of  St  Evroul  their  possessions 
°'  '  ^  in  his  castles  of  Molins  and  Bo[n]molins  and  their  bailiwicks 
[specified],  also  their  privileges.  And  he  confirms  to  the  abbot 
and  monks  the  agreement  between  them  and  Roger  de 
Bauchenci,  their  knight,  made  in  his  presence,  concerning  a 
mill  at  St.  Evroul.  And  because  a  duel  was  waged  (vadiatum) 
between  them  concerning  the  services  due  from  Roger  to  the 
abbey  for  a  knight's  fee  (feodum  unius  lor  ice)  at  Bauchencay 
and  St.  Nicholas  and  for  a  vavassoria  of  land,  that  duel  has  been 
settled  (concordatum)  before  him  and  Richard  de  Humeto  his 
senescal  of  Normandy  in  his  Exchequer  (Eschelcwrio)  at  Caen, 
as  follows : — Roger  is  to  serve  the  abbot  and  monks,  for  the 
knight's  fee,  with  horse  and  arms  in  the  king's  host  as  often 
as  he  shall  be  summoned  by  them  at  the  king's  commands,  and 
shall  serve  them  also  for  tlie  vavassoria.  He  also  grants  a 
general  confirmation  of  their  possessions. 

Teste  me  ipso,  et  Arnulfo  Lexoviensi  episcopo ;  Ricardo  de 
Humeto  senescallo  Normannie,  et  Roberto  de  Harecort,  et 
Godardo  de  Vaus.     Apud  Cadomum.^ 

(Footnote — continued. ) 
Norman  exchequer  (which  was  not  known  to  Mr.  Eyton)  was  an  exceptionally 
early  one.  Much  turns  on  the  style  of  "  seneschal "  given  to  Eichard  da  Hommet. 
Mr.  Ejton,  not  unnaturally  observed  "read  Constable,"  but  that  portion  of  the  text 
which  was  not  known  to  liim,  assigns  to  Eichard  both  the  style  and  the  position 
of  Seneschal,  and  D'Anisy  had  correctly  copied  the  word.  We  know  from  a 
Mont  St.  Michel  document  (No.  716)  that  Robert  de  Neufbourg  was  the  Dapifer 
(i.e  ,  Seneschal)  of  all  Normandy  in  1157,  and  presided  as  such  "in  assisa  apud 
Cadomum  " ;  while  he  and  bishop  Arnulf  had  been  jointly  in  office  in  1155.  It  is 
therefore  highly  improbable  that  Richard  could  have  styled  himself  Seneschal  in 
1156-7,  though  he  may  have  done  so  for  a  while  at  a  later  time,  cf.  No.  643. 

This  charter  has  a  special  value  as  being  the  only  one  now  remaining  in  the 
archives,  by  which  can  be  tested  the  highly  suspicious  "  Teste  me  ipso  "  of  the 
king,  whicli  heads  the  list  of  witnesses  in  some  of  the  St.  Evroul  charters 
(Nos.  628, 642-3)  entered  in  the  Cartulary.  It  is  clear,  from  this  document,  that  the 
phrase  was  not  an  invention  of  the  Cartulary  scribe ;  but  the  fact  of  its  occurrence 
in  the  documents  themselves  must  throw  the  very  gravest  donbt  on  their  authenticity. 
'  Omitted  in  Transcript.  "  Cartulary  version  of  preceding  charter. 

8  Cf.  '•  Eyton,"  22,  23. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVKOUL.  225 


[1153-1181.]       640.  Charter  of  Hugh  {hog')  earl  of  Chester.     He  confirms 

(Original  in  archives,  the  agreement  between  the  abbey  of  St.  Warburg,  Chester  and 

Fragment  ofseal.'  ^^^  abbey  of  St.  Evroul,  namely  that  the  former  is  to  pay  the 

Trans.  I.  fo.  281.)  latter  annually  30  shillings  in  silver  for  the  vill  of  Kircheby 

and  the  monastery  and  for  all  the  rights  there  of  the  abbot  and 

monks  of  St.  Evroul. 

Testibus  :  Radulfo  de  Meinegari[nop  ;  Conano  ;  Ricardo  de 
Liveto  ;  Ricardo  de  Cumbray ;  Radulfo  filio  Warin ;  Alveredo 
de  Cumbray ;  Rogero  de  Liveto,  et  alii[s]. 

[1156-1163.]        641.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  notifies 

(Lat.ii,055,fo.27</.>that  the  church  of  St.  Peter  of  Sap,  with  the  chapel  of  St. 

Martin,  thu  tithes,  men,  lands  and  other  appurtenances,  and  the 

entire  tithes  etc.  etc.  within  the  parish  of  St.  Peter  had  been 

adjudged  {recognita)  to  abbot  Robert  and  the  monks  of  St. 

Evroul by  twelve  lawful  knights  and  other 

men  of  the  vicinage  of  Sap  {de  visneto  Sappi),  against  liis 
uncle  Robert  the  king's  s m  {filius  regis),  and  Matildis  his  wife, 
who  claimed  it  all  as  belonging  to  their  lay  fee,  on  St.  Cecily's 
day  [Nov.  22]  at  Rouen  before  Rotrou  bishop  of  Evreux,  then 
liis  justice  for  all  Normandy ;  and  as  the  abbot  and  monks  had 
been  unjustly  troubled  and  disturbed,  in  the  matter,  repeatedly 
since,  by  Robert  and  Matildis,  he  has  at  length  made  a  concord 
between  them  as  follows :  all  the  particulars  mentioned  above 
are  to  remain  for  ever  the  possession  of  the  abbey  in  frank- 
almoin.  And  because  at  the  time  they  had  not  their  own  seal, 
at  their  request  and  earnest  entreaty,  he  confirms  this  agree- 
ment to  the  abbot  and  monks  by  his  own  seal,  against  all  claims 
of  Robert  and  Matildis  his  wife,  and  for  this  concession  and 
concord  Robert  aod  Matildis  hav'e  received  in  his  presence  two 
palfreys  worth  twenty  pounds  of  Anjou,  the  property  of  the 
abbey.  This  peace  and  concord  is  to  be  faithfully  observed  by 
both  parties.  , 

Teste  me  ipso;  Rotrode  Ebroicensi  et  Arnuifo  Lexoviensi 
episcopis.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

[1159-1180.]        642.  Charter  of   Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  con- 
(Lat.  11,055,  to.  23.)  firms  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Evroul  all  its  possessions  and  privileges 
in  Normandy  [specified.] 

Teste  me  ipso ;  Ernulfo  Lexoviensi,  Frogerio  Sagiensi 
episcopis,  et  Ricardo  de  Humez  tunc  tempoiis  senescallo  uieo 
Normannie.     Apud  Sagium. 

l^Ante  1176.]        643.  Charter  of   Richer   de   Aquila  son   of   Richer  son  of 

(Lat.  11,056,  fo.  34.)  Gilbert  addressed  generally.      He  confirms  to  the  abbot   and 

monks  of  St.  Evrgul  the  liberties  of  their  men  at  Auguaize 

{Auguesia),  especially   in   the   matter   of  what   is   commonly 

called  Comage  {quod  vulgo  Cornagium  dicitur).     He  further 

,  confirms  all  privileges  granted  by  his  predecessors. 

'  Now  lost.  -  Trans.  ;  "  Meinegar." 

e    93tl81.  p 


226  ABBEY  OF  ST.  BVEOUL. 

[Ante  1116.] 

Testibus :  Odelina  uxore  mea ;  Gilleberfco  et  Richerio  filiis 
meis ;  Gilleberto  de  Tileriis ;  Willelmo  capellano  meo  ;  Will- 
elmo  Baudran ;  Willelmo  de  Fontenil ;  Roberto  de  Avena ; 
WJllermo  de  Malnoier ;  Ricardo  fratre  eius  et  aliis  multis. 

[1164-1167.]        644.  Letter  of  Robert  bishop  of  Hereford  and  Roger  bishop 

or  of  Worcester  addressed  to  Robert  the  prior  and  the  brethren  of 

[1174-1179.]   Bermondsey  (BereTnundshea).     The  writers  command  them,  by 

(Original  in  archives,  apostolical  authority,  that  they  are  to  warn  the  earl  of  Leicester 

TrS's^Voi  I       *°  S^^®  satisfaction  to  the  monastery  of  St.  Evroul  concerning 

p.  249.)  the  church  of  Wideford,  and  employ  every  means  in  their  power ; 

and,  unless  he  do  so,  they  are,  on  the  second  Monday  after  St. 

Hilary,  to  attend  before  the  bishops,  at  Criechelada,  and  make 

answer  therein  to  the  proctor  of  the  monastery;  if  they  are 

unable,  for  good  cause,  to  attend  on  that  day,  they  must  be 

careful  to  send  the  bishops  a  sufficient  answer,  with  their  letters 

patent,  etc. 

1174.  645.  Notification  by  R[oger]  bishop  of  Worcester  that  the 

(Original  in  archives,  claim  of  Walter  the  clerk,  of  Haselton,  against  the  monks  of 
Fra  ^nenfofseal  ^*'  EvTOul,  Concerning  the  church  of  Rawell,  which  Walter 
Trans.  I.  fo.  243.)  maintained  to  be  subject  to  his  church  of  Hallinghis,  has  been 
delegated  to  him  by  pope  Alexander,  and  has  been  settled  before 
him  as  follows  :  the  church  of  Rawell  is  to  pay  the  church  of 
Hallinghis  one  pound  of  incense  on  Easter  Eve  for  ever,  so 
that  the  church  of  Hallinghis  may  claim  nothing  more  ;  and  the 
monks  shall  pay  Walter  the  clerk,  in  consideration  of  his  labour 
and  expenditure,  six  shillings  from  their  revenues  at  Rawell,  by 
the  hand  of  their  proctor,  half  at  Easter  and  half  at  Michaelmas, 
so  long  as  he  lives.  The  abbot  and  monks  of  St.  Evroul  have 
written  to  him  [Roger]  that  they  will  ratify  whatever  Richard, 
the  monk,  their  general  proctor  for  England,  should  undertake 
in  his  presence.  The  said  Richard  and  Walter  the  clerk  have 
promised  to  observe  this  agreement,  pledging  their  faith  in  his 
[Roger's]  hand.     This  agreement  was  made  in  the  year  1174 

[M0(J0LXXIIII0]. 

His  testibus :  Ada  abbate  Evesham ;  Roberto  priore  de 
Kenilleword[e]  ;  Symone  archidiacono  Wygorn[iensi] ;  magistro 
Moyse ;  magistro  Waltero ;  magistro  Silvestro  ;  Gilberto  capel- 
lano ;  Samsone  clerico. 

[?  1190.]  646.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     Roger  de 

(Lat.  11,055,  fo.  28.)  Toenio  and  Gilbert  Crispini  de  Tilleriis  have,  in  his  presence, 
demised  to  the  abbot  and  monks  of  St.  Evroul,  free  from  all 
earthly  dues  to  ,them  and  their  heirs,  especially  from  escuage 
(esmagiis)  and  [castle]  guard  {gardis)  the  church  of  Garnevilla 
with  its  tithes,  lands,  and  all  appurt.enances,  and  all  the  men 
whom  the  monastery  has  in  that  parish  of  the  fee  of  Conches  and 
the  fee  of  Tillieres,  and  freedom  from  pannage  for  their  swine 
in  the  forest  of  Conches.  For  this,  the  abbot  and  monks  have, 
in  his  presence,  given  each  of  them  a  hundred  shillings  of  Anjou 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVROUL.  227 


[?  1190.] 

and  a  horse  worth  that  sum.  And  as  they  were  about  to  leave 
for  Jerusalem  and  had  not  their  seals  with  theni,  he,  at  their 
prayer  and  earnest  request,  confirms  this  agreement  by  his  own 
seal,  against  all  claims  for  ever. 

Test[ibus]  me  ipso :  Johanne  Ebroicensi  episcopo ;  Roberto 
comite  Leic[estrie],  et  Roberto  filio  ejus,  et  WUlelmo  filio 
Radulfi,  et  Willelmo  de  Mara.     Apud  Vernolium. 

[?  1190.]  647.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He  con- 

(Lat.  11,055,  fo.  25.)  firms  to  the  abbot  and  monks  of  St.  Evroul  all  their  possessions 
and  privileges  in  Normandy  [specified]. 

Teste  me  ipso  ;  Johanne  Ebroicensi  episcopo ;  Roberto  comite 
Leicestrie  et  Roberto  filio  ejus,  et  Willelmo  filio  Radulfi 
senescallo  Normannie  tunc  temporis,  et  Willelmo  de  Mara. 
Apud  Vernolium. 

[1203-1206.]        648.  Charter  of  William  bishop  of  Lincoln  confirming  the 

(Original  in  archives,  gift  by  [his]  dear  son  Robert  earl  of  Leicester  to  Hubert  prior 

Trans^Vol  I      °^  Ware,  namely  a  house  at  (de)  Cherleia,  with  all  lands  and 

fo.  241.)  all  other  appurtenances  and  liberties,  in  accordance  with  the 

earl's  charter,  also  a  carucate  of  land  in  the  essarts  of  Ainesti, 

as  in  that  charter. 

Hiis  testibus :  magistro  Alexandro,  et  Waccar[io]  capeUano, 
et  Thoma  de  Likerton,  Lincolnensis  ecclesie  canonicis ;  magistro 
Willelmo  filio  Fulconis  ;  Adam  de  Sancto  Eadmundo,  Willelmo 
de  Staveneby ;  Gileberto  de  Iwareby  clerico ;  Gauialiele  persona 
de  Novesby ;  Ricardo  persona  de  Belgrave ;  Gilleberto  de 
Clenefeld' ;  Petrb  et  Carolo  clericis;  et  multis  aliis. 

[1187-1190.]  -     649,  Charter  of  Nigel  lord  of  Monbrai.    With  the  consent  of 

(Ori^nal  in  archives.' Mabira  his  wife  and  of  his  sons,  he  gives  to  St.  Mary's  of  the 

TrTns  Vo*"!       Hermitage  of  Colomba,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  those  of  his 

fo.  212.)  [pre]deces8ors,   four  acres    near  the    church   of  St.  Mary    of 

Margerei  to  be  enjoyed  free  of  all  secular  claims. 

His  testibus :  Roberto  capeUano ;  Willelmo  Malaherba ; 
Nicholao  de  Beslii ;  Radulfo  clerico  ;  Roberto  clerico  ;  Willelmo 
de  Maisnileio,  et  aliis. 

(Original  in  archives.       Vidimus  by  the  abbot  of  Lire  in  1236,  of  the  following  : — 

H.  925.     Trans.  Vol.  I.  fo.  219.) 

1176.  650.  Charter  of  Roger  bishop  of  Worcester,  notifying  that 

[Girc.  14  March.]  he  grants,  the  chapter  of  Worcester  consenting,  to  the  abbot 
and  brethren  of  St.  Evroul  all  the  ecclesiastical  possessions 
they  possessed  before  his  time  in  the  diocese  of  Worcester,  to 
be  enjoyed  for  ever  to  their  own  use,  namely,  the  church  of 
St.  Peter  of  Roucella  with  all  its  appurtenances,  on  condition 
that  the  abbot  and  brethren  cause  that  church  to  be  fittingly 
served  ;  at  Wintou,  two-thirds  of  all  the  tithes  of  the  demesne ; 
at  Weston,  the  same ;  at  Wilecote,  at  Pebworte,  at  Merston  Le 


'  No  longer  there  now. 

p  2 


228 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVROUL. 


1176. 

Botiler,  at  Hosteshulle,  the  same ;  at  Haleford  the  same  and 
the  tithe  of  the  mill.  At  Lower  Pilardiiitone  two-thin  Is  of  all 
the  tithes  of  the  demesne  and  the  land  of  the  franklins 
{francolaiiurum^)  and  likewise  two-thirds  of  the  tithes  cf  the 
franklins^  of  Upper  Pilardintone ;  also  the  tithes  of  their 
produce  (nut[ri]m\ent]oru'm)  and  all  their  substance  there,  to 
be  retained  and  held  to  tlieir  own  use  for  ever,  saving  the 
rights  of  tlie  see  of  Wi^reester. 

Facta  vero  hec  nostra  concessio  et  confirmatio  ad  iustantiam 
et  petitionem  nobilis  viri  Robert!  comitis  Leycestrie  anno  verbi 
incarnati  MocoLXXV°.  Lond[onie]  tempore  Celebris  congiega- 
tionis  archiepiscoporum,  episcoporum,  abbatum,  et  priorum 
Ang[lie],  regum  patris  et  filii,  et  magnatum  regni  Anglorum, 
facte  per  vocationem  Hugonis  Petri  Leonis  Sancti  Angeli  diaconi 
cardinalis,  apostolice  sedis  legati.  Teste'  Roberto  comite  Lei- 
cestrie;  Roberto  abbate  Croilandie;  Johanne  de  Salesberia 
thesaurario  Exoniensis  ecclesie ;  Simone  archidiacono  Wygor- 
niensi;  Radulfo  capellaiio  nostro,  et  Roberto  monacho"  magistro 
Moyse,  et  magistro  Silveslro,  et  aliis. 

[N.D,]  651.  Charter  of  Parnel  (Petronilla)  countess  of  Leicester. 

(Original  in  archives,  For  tlie  weal  of  her  soul  and  those  of  all  her  predecessors  and 
successors,  she  gives  the  abbey  of  St.  Evroul  and  its  monks  the 
house  (doTTius)  of  Charleia  with  all  its  appurtenances,  etc.,  and 
a  canicate  of  land  in  the  vill  of  Anesty  and  her  "demesne" 
meadow  there  and  the  mill,  with  its  suit,  and  ten  "  codselli  "  '  of 
land  .  .  .  with  their  appurtenances,  on  condition  that  the 
prior  to  be  placed  there  by  the  abbot  shall  not  be  removed 
from  that  house  so  long  as  he  is  of  honourable  and  good  life. 

His  testibus :  Thoma  de  Estleia ;  Radulfo  de  Martinwas : 
Willelmo  Picot ;  Willelmo  de  Sennevilla  ;  Symoge  de  Turvilla  ; 
Radulfo  Fridai ;  Gregorio  ca[)el]ano ;  Willelmo  capellano ; 
Jordano  clerico,  et  multi  alii. 

[1196.°]  1  Dec.      652.  Notification  by  H[ubert]    archbishop    of  Canterbury 

(Urlglniii  iu  archives,  primate  of  all  England  and  legate  that  the  dispute  concerning 

FraKiaent^of  peal.    *^^    cliurch    of    Hales,   between    the    abbot    and    monks    of 

Trans.  I.  fo.  319 )   St.  Evroul   (Ebrulfus)  and  A.    Pantol,   the   clerk,^   has    been 

argued  at  lengtli  before  him,  and  that  the  s;dd  A.  [Pantol]  has 

spontaneously  renounced  before  him,  on  his  oath,  all  the  right 

he  claimed  to  have  in   the  church  of  Hales,  saving  only  to 

himself  the  custodj'^  of  the  said  church  for  fifteen  years,  paying 

annually  to  the  abbot  and  monks  five  marcs  at  Michaelmas. 

This  renunciation  wos  made  on  Advent  Sunday  next  after  the 

consecration  of  J[ohn]  bishop  of  Worcester,  the  custody  of  the 

church  being  committed  to  the  said  A.  Pantol  from  the  same  date. 

His  testibus :  Galfrido  de  Botland ;  magistro  R.  de  Strauf- 

ford ;    Roberto   de   Breston' ;   Ricardo  de   Ringst' ;    Thoma  de 

Bramt  ester  et  alii. 


H.  900. 

I'ragment  of  seal. 

Trans.  I.  fo.  300.) 


Trans. : 
3  .<?,>. 


'  Casanoruin."  2  Trans. :  "  Franco  Lamerville." 

■*  This  word  is  omitted  as  illegible  in  Transcript. 
'  Assignerl  to  "  1224  "  \n  Inventaire  Sommaire. 
"  Trans. :  "  A.  clericum  Pantot'." 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVROUL.  229 


(Cartuiaire  de  Vidimus  by  Odo,  archbishop  of  Eouen,  Feb.   1255.  of  the 

Normantlie,  fo.  44.)  <■  n       •  ^  ' 

^  lollowmg  : — 

[1190-1204.J  653.  Charter  of  Eobert  earl  of  Leicester,  son  of  earl  Robert 
and  of  Parnel  (Petronille)  countess  of  Leicester,  notifying  that 
for  the  weal  of  his  soul,  and  [tiiose]  of  his  father  and  mother 
and  all  his  predecessors,  he  gives  and  grants  to  the  abbey  of 
St.  Evroul,  and  its  abbot  and  monks,  all  that  they  have  in  his 
land,  free  of  all  earthly  service  and  due,  so  that  they  may  render 
no  service  for  it  to  anyone  but  God,  nor  [be  liable  to]  aid  or  taille, 
or  relief,  or  ward,  nor  tlieir  men  on  that  land  either ;  namely  in 
Normandy  and  in  England  the  land  given  by  that  illustrious 
man,  Hugh  de  Grentemesnil  great-grandfather  of  his  mother 
{proavi  mxitris  mee),  who  founded  the  monastery,  and  by  himself 
and  his  lieges,  and  by  William  son  of  Osbern,  his  fatlier's 
ancestor  (attavi)  etc.  The  following  gifts  are  named  [at  Grent- 
mesnil,  Quevilly,  Anglesqueville,  Breteuil,  etc.  etc.].  In  England  : 
at  Leice-iter,  all  the  whole  tithe  of  his  demesne,  namely  from  the 
reeve's  office  (prepositura),  the  bridges,  Holegate,  the  mills,  the 
fisheries,  and  the  orchards  (virgultis)  which  are  now,  or  shall  be 
in  tlie  town  ;  in  the  whole  forest  of  that  town,  in  the  resei-ved 
parts  {defensis)  namely,  and  in  the  upper  (alta)  forest,  and 
elsewhere  through  the  whole  forest  of  Leicester,  the  full  tithe 
of  all  pannage  and  herbage,  [and]  hunting,  and  studs  (haratiis) 
of  horses  or  mares,  and  of  all  crops  and  agriculture  (fructibus  et 
a-griculturis),  and  mills,  and  ovens,  and  fisheries,  and  forest- 
rents  (censibus),  and  churches,  and  chapels,  and  offerings  (obven- 
tionibus)  which  may  arise  from  present  or  future  purprestures 
within  it,  with  quittance  of  pannage  for  100  swine  of  the 
convent  of  St.  Evroul,  annually,  in  the  reserved  parts,  and  in 
the  upper  forest,  and  elsewhere  throughout  the  forest,  with  his 
own  [swine] ;  nine  burgesses  within  tlic  walls  of  Leicester,  and 
five  without ;  the  tithe  also  of  fxll  his  demesne  land  in  the  town  ; 
the  church  of  St.  Sepulchre  without  the  city  (civitatem),  with 
all  its  appurtenances ;  the  church  of  Belegravc  with  eleven 
virgates  of  land,  and  the  two  chapels  of  Burestallum  and 
Thurmaston  {Gurmodestond^),  with  the  tithes,  lands,  and 
other  appurtenances,  and  the  chapel  of  Luq'  stoa  with  all  its 
appurtenances,  and  in  Curmodestona  one  virgate  of  land ; 
in  Mora  three  virgates  of  meadow ;  in  Thurcaston  (Torkile- 
stona),  the  church  with  all  its  appurtenances,  namely  the 
tithe  of  Crepstona  and  of  Anesti  with  one  carucate  of  land ; 
in  Glenfield  {Dene/iet^)  the  church  with  two  virgates  of  land 
and  tlie  chapels  of  Brandestona  and  of  Carobi,  with  the 
tithes  and  other  appurtenances  ;  in  Rotebi  two-thirds  of  the 
tithe  of  his  demesne  in  all  things  of  which  tithe  is  given  and 
received,  and  so  has  the  monastery  of  St.  Evroul  in  all  the 
demesnes  of  Leicester  ;  in  Grobi  the  chapel  with  all  its  ajipur- 
tenances  and  two-thirds  of  all  the  tithes  of  the  demesne  and  the 
essarts ;  in  Soltona  five  virgates  of  land,  with  the  tithe  of  all 
his  demesne  and  essarts  and  field  (piano) ;  also  quittance  tliere 

'  Sic.  2  Clearly  a  misreading  for  "  clenefelt." 


230  .  ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVKOUL. 

[1190-1204.] 

of  pannage  and  herbage  for  the  monks'  swine  at  (de)  Pellinguis ;  in 
Cherchebi  a  virgate  of  land;  in  Pequintona  the  tithe  o£  the  de- 
mesne and  of  the  lands  of  Robert  Aries  and  of  Picot ;  in  Sapecota 
the  tithe  and   a  carncate  of  land ;  in   Crepist  the  tithe  of  the 
demesne  ;  in  Broxtona  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  from  one  carucate 
of  land ;  in  Senebi  likewise ;  in  Willebi  likewise,  and  from  the 
demesne  of  Richard  son  of  Custa,  and  one  carucate  of  land  ;  in 
Pellinguis,  the  church  with  all  its  appurtenances  and  seven  caru- 
cates  and  three  bovates  of  land ;  in  Semidestona,  the  tithe  of  the 
demesne  ;  in  Lactona  likewise  ;  in  Languestona  likewise  with  one 
virgate  of  land ;  in  Upper  {Alta)  Languestona  {sic)  two-thirds 
of  the  tithe  from  one  carucate  of  land ;  in  Estantona  two-thirds 
of  the  tithe  of  the  .demesne  ;  likewise  in  Sanctona ;  in  Novel- 
laium,  the  church,  with  all  its  tithes,  lands,  and  other  appur- 
tenances ;  the  churches  of  Carlentona  and   Bortona,  with  five 
virgates  of  land  and  the  chapel   of  Ilvestona,   with  all  their 
tithes  ;  in  Sanctona,  the   tithe  from  five  and  a  half  carucates 
of  land ;  in  Glen  two-thirds  of  the  tithe  of  the    demesne ;  in 
Northona     likewise ;    in    Octona(?)   likewise ;    and    from     the 
demesne  of  the  monks  at  {de)  Estotebie,  which  they  hold  of  the 
fee  of  Leicester  ;  in  Bothebi  likewise,  from  two  halls  {aulis) ;  in 
Humbristona  likewise  from  two  halls  and  one  virgate  of  land  ; 
in  Estoaa  likewise  and  one  virgate  of  land;  in  Evintona  like- 
wise ;  at  Inguaruibi  likewise  ;  at  Siglebi  likewise ;  in  Torp  and 
at  Walcehan  likewise ;  at  Wuudeuat  likewise  and  from  three 
halls  ;  in  Edewaltona  likewise ;  in  Essebi  and  Welledona  likewise ; 
in    Wellefort  likewise,  and  one  virgate  of    land ;  in  Aendona, 
the  tithe   of  the  demesne ;  the   vill  of  Little  Pilardenton  with 
the  whole  tithe  of  the  demesne ;  also  the  two-thirds  of  the  tithe 
of  the  franklins  {francolanorum)  of  that  land  ;  in  Rothincona 
a  carucate  of  land  as  free  and  quit  of  all  service  and  due  as  the 
land  there  held  by  the  monks  of  Radingues ;  in  Waruic  two 
burgesses ;  the  vill  of  Checlentona,  with  the  church  and  tithe 
and  lands  and  other  appurtenances  ;  the  manors  called  Fecota 
and  Morcota  which  Adelina  de  Ivreio  daughter  of  Hugh  de 
Grent[mesnil]  and   Aeliza  bis    niece  {neptis   ejus)  gave  to  St. 
Evroul  with  his  consent ;  in  Istelabe  a  hide  of  land  and  the 
men    dwelling    thereon,    and  the    vill  of    Willecota  with    all 
its    appurtenances ;    in    Mildentona    the    church    with    all    its 
appurtenances,   and    all  the  land   there   that  is  of  the  fee  of 
Leicester ;  in  Nemboth  the  tithe  of  the  demesne  ;  in  Sibestona 
and   Sipeford   the  tithe  of  the  demesne ;    in    Cherlentona,    in 
Bedefort  sire,  the  cliapel  and  half  a  virgate  of  land  and  the  tithe 
of  all  demesnes  ;  at  Bratingebi,  at  Winquinq'  stone',  and  Willebi 
the  tithe  of  the  demesne  ;  at  Wares  the  churfeh,  with  the  chapel 
of  Tozriche,  with  the  tithe,  wood,  men,  lands,  meadows,  and  its 
other  appurtenances;    the  church  of  St.  Martin  of  Deerefort 
with  all  its  appurtenances,  botli  in  wood  and  field  {piano)  ;  at 
Wares  the  whole  tithe  from  the  park,  that  is,  of  sale[s]  and 
pannage  and  herbage,  and  stud   and   hunting  and   of  all  crops 
{fructibus)  and  protits  {obventionibus)  which  may  thence  arise, 
and  the  whole  tithe  of  all  his  food  from  his  kitchen  {quocnina) 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  EVRODL.  231 


[1190-1204.] 


at  Leicester  and  at  Wares,  and  one  stag  at  Cliristmas  in  the 
forest  of  Leicester,  the  titlie  also  of  all  sheep  and  lambs'  wool 
and  of  cheeses  and  the  young  of  geese  and  poultry  and  sheep 
and  swine  of  the  earl  aud  countess  of  Leicester,  throughout  all  the 
fiefs  of  Grentemesnil  and  Leicester ;  quittance  also  for  the  food 
and  raiment  and  all  the  substance  of  the  monks  of  St.  Evroul, 
and  of  the  servants  who  eat  their  bread,  from  all  due  and 
custom  throughout  his  land  and  that  of  his  men  in  Normandy 
and  England,  so  far  as  it  is  declared  (affidari)  to  be  their  own, 

etc.  etc Should  any  of  his  heirs  or  his  bailiffs 

knowingly  infringe  this  charge,  he  will  incur  the  wrath  of 
Almighty  God  and  his  [the  donor's]  curse. 

Testibus :  Philippe  de  Albigneio ;  Gilleberto  de  Mineriis ; 
Nicholao  de  Gloz  ;  Guidone  Drocensi ;  Symone  de  Gran[au^]lier 
cognato  ejus  ;  Willelmo  Fresnel  et  aliis  multis. 

'  MS.  damaged  here. 


232 

ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARTIN,  SEES, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN   THE 

DIOCESE     OP     SEES. 

[Cartulary  in  Archives  of  the  Orne,  H.  938.^] 


1086,17  May.  654.  Notification  that  in  the  year  1086  there  came  together 
(Cartulary,  before  Robert  cle  Belismo,  at  Belesme,  Picot^  de  Saio  and  Droco 
No. cxTui.)  ^g  Coimis  to  plead  concerning  the  dower  which  William  de 
Coimis,  brother  of  the  said  Droco,  had  given  Adeloia  his  wife, 
whom,  on  his  death,  Picot  had  married,  and  wished  to  enjoy, 
as  was  just,  so  long  as  she  lived,  the  dower  her  first  husband 
had  given  her.  And  this  agreement  was  made  the  Sunday 
next  before  Pentecost.  Many  being  assembled  on  both  sides, 
friends  and  neighbours  of  Picot  and  Droco  and  Adeloia,  etc. 
.  .  .  Robert  de  Belismo  wishing  to  make  peace  between 
his  barons  Picot  and  Droco,  begged  Picot  and  Adeloia  his 
wife  to  keep,  in  peace  and  friendship,  a  portion  of  the  sub- 
stance they  held  in  dower  or  claimed  from  Droco,  and  to 
grant  the  rest  to  Droco  with  goodwill.  What  [need  for]  more  ? 
Yielding  to  the  prayers  of  their  lord  Robert  and  their  friends, 
Picot  and  his  v»ife  granted  to  Droco  half  the  demesne,  etc. 
.  .  .  .  And  Droco  granted  to  Picot  and  his  wife  half  the 
whole  demesne  held  in  Roiseiuin   the  day  this  agreement  was 

made,  in  the  said  court,   by  Robert  de  Belismo,  etc 

Lastly,  in  the  sight  of  40  knights  or  more,  in  the  said  court, 
Droco  pledged  (dedif)  his  faith  to  Picot,  that  he  would  keep 
faith  (fidem  ei  portaret)  therein,  and  would  not  seek  to  injure 
him,  etc.,  so  long  as  his  wife  Adeloia  lived.  Droco  also  in- 
cluded in  this  (misit  in  eadem  fiducia)  all  that  Picot  and  his 
wife  sought  to  acquire,  by  their  plea,  of  the  rest  of  the  dower, 
etc^     .... 

Ilanc  concordiam  et  fidei  dationem  viderunt  Rotbertus  de 
Belismo  et  multi  alii. 


1  Moflern  copy  from  Liber  Albvs  of  the  Abbey.  The  original  is  now  at  Sees 
among  the  episcoi'al  archives.  D'Auisy,  as  usual,  did  not  mention  where  was  the 
Cartulary  from  which  (as  "Liber  Albus  ")  he  transcribed;  and  the  folios  given 
by  him  do  not  agree  with  those  of  the  Sees  Cartulury,  as  recorded  in  the  margin 
of  the  Transcript  at  Alen^on.  There  is  moreover  sufficient  discrepancy,  in  .some 
of  the  documents,  between  this  Transcript  and  his  to  suggest  u  different  exemplar 
This  is  a  matter  for  local  investigation.  The  variants  in  the  Alen^on  lYanscript 
are  noted  where  of  any  consequence.  The  numbers  of  the  documents  are  also 
supplied  from  it  (as  the  "  Cai  tulary  "). 

'  See  Domesday  I.,  2.58.  '^  Provisions  in  case  of  breach  of  the  agreement 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARTIN,  SflES. 


Cartulary, 
No.  cclvii.) 


1087.  655.  [Notification  that]  when  Robert  son  of  Tetbald^  ft^lt 

(Liber  Aibus,  fo.  8t.  himself  in  great  bodily  weakness,  and  had  lost,  in  his  extremity, 
'^'"fo.  177.  ^^^  hope  of  life,  and  was  dreading  more  and  more  the  pains  of 

hell,  he  received  good  counsel  from  hia  faithful  friends,  and  for 
the  salvation  (remedio)  of  his  soul,  and  for  the  help  [of  those] 
of  his  successors  as  well  as  his  predecessors,  he  arranged,  as  a 
prudent  man,  to  distribute  some  of  his  substance.  In  this 
sickness,  therefore,  in  the  year  1087,  the  said  Robert  pave 
St.  Martin's,  Sees  and  the  brethren  there  serving  God,  both 
present  and  future,  freely  as  alms  for  ever,  a  certain  miinor 
(mansio)  in  England,  near  Arundel!',  Totintona  by  name,  with 
all  its  appurtenances,  Hugh  his  son,  who  was  present,  granting 
it.  He  begged  also  that  he  miglit  be  buried  near  the  said 
Saint,  wheie  lay  his  wife  Emma,  because  he  knew  it  N\as 
certain  that  the  prayers  of  the  brethren  there  dwelling  would 
avail  him  with  God.  [And]  he  was  honourably  buried  in  the 
cloister  of  the  said  monastery,  where  Emma  his  wife  had 
already  been  placed,  in  another  part  of  it.  When  the  above 
manor  was  given,  William  the  monk  received  it  by  a  branch  c  f 
a  cherrytree  (ramum  de  ceraso),  which  he  placed,  at  Robert's 
bidding,  on  the  altar  of  St.  Mary  of  Wath.  When  Robeit 
gave,  and  William  the  monk  received,  it,  the  following  were 
present  and  saw  it : — 

Gaufridus  decanus  de  Ai  undello  ;  Andreas^  Cenoman[nen]sis ; 
Robertus  de  Petehorda  presbiter;  Corbelinus,  Hamelinus  et 
Turstinus  de  Petehorda. 


(Liber  Albus,  fo. 

TraDS.  Vol.  Ill 

fo.  175. 

Cartulary, 

No.  ccliii.) 


[?  1087-1093.]  656.  Charter  of  Roger  [earl]  of  Shrewsbury  (Scrosberiensis) 
giving — for  the  souls  of  his  most  sweet  lord  William  duke  of 
tlie  Normans  and  king  of  the  English  and  of  queen  Malhildis, 
for  his  own,  and  for  those  of  his  wife  Mabel  (Mabilia)  aud  all 
his  predecessors  and  successors, — with  the  consent  and  approval 
of  his  sons  aud  daughters,  to  God  and  St.  Martin  of  Sles,  and 
the  monks  there  serving,  or  to  serve,  God,  in  alms  for  ever,  Fissa- 
burna,  and  Wath,  and  Hanton  with  all  its  appurtenances,  and 
Arintona,  and  tiie  tithe  of  Senegaia  and  Orunvelle,  and  Her- 
lingtone,  and  the  church  of  Hertinges  for  a  brother  of  the 
countess  Mabel,  who  was  made  a  monk  in  that  mona.stery. 
Robert  the  sheriflf,  son  of  Tetbald,  gave  Totintona  to  the  same 
saint  at  his  death,  with  tlie  consent  of  [earl]  Roger  and  his  sons. 
Norman  the  huntsman,  with  the  consent  of  them  all  gave  the 
tithe  of  all  his  lands.  Eudo  son  of  Hubert  gave  the  tithe  of 
Neiselles.  All  these  gifts  were  made  in  the  time  of  the  most 
excellent  duke  of  the  Normans  and  king  of  the  English, 
William,  and  of  queen  Mathildis.  Earl  Roger,  Hugh  his  son 
granting  it,  gave  St.  Martin  of  S6es  the  church  of  Dodelabria 
with  all  its  appurtenances,  and  Belingeham  wholly  free  of  all 
forfeitures. 

Testantibus:    domno   abbate   de   Glocesfcria^   Serlone,   atque 
Bernardo   de   Novomercato,  et  Rogerio  venatore,   et   Fulcone 

'  See  Domesday  I.,  2566. 
^  H.  938  here  inserts  the  words  "  nepos  ejus  j  Johannes." 
■'  Sic  in  H.  938  ;  Trans.  ;   "  Glocestrie  et." 


234 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARTIN,  SEES. 


[?  1087-1093.] 


[?  1086-7.] 
(Liber  Albus,  fo.  7. 
Trans.  Vol.  III. 
fo.  176.) 


fratre  Alcherii,i  et  Gisleberto  de  Condowere,  et  Wbdeboldo^ 
sacerdote,  et  Herberto  archidiacono,  et  subscribitur  confirmatio 
Willelmi^  Regis  et  signum  ejus ;  [Signa]  Rogerii  _  comitis 
Scroberiensis  ;  Alani  comitis* ;  Hugonis  coraitis  Cestrensis  ;  Wal- 
chelini  .  .  .  .  ;  Roberti  lilii  Hamonis  ;  Ethonis  senescalli ; 
Hugonis  de  Montegommereio.  Testibus  :  Hamone  Piperello,  et 
Ricardo  filio  Corbellini,  et  constabulario,  et  Roberto  filio  Cor- 
bellini,  et  Ricardo  Belhomesio. 

657.  [Memorandum  that]  earl  Roger  gave,  in  England,  two 
small  vills  (villulas)  namely  Gath  and  Fissabuma  and  forty 
shillings  of  tithe  from  Stotona  and  Hantona;  in  Cambridge- 
shire (vicecomitat^i)  he  gave,  the  countess  Mabel  granting  it, 
the  churches  of  Emiogatone  and  Senegaia  with  the  land  of  the 
priests  and  all  the  tithes  of  Oruuella.^  He  likewise  gave  the 
church  of  Hertinges  with  the  tithe  and  another  church  beyond 
London  (Lundras). 

And  after  the  death  of  countess  Mabel  [1082]  earl  Roger  gave 
for  heil-  soul  a  moiety  of  Glenpi[n]ges  with  all  the  rents  belong- 
ing to  it,  etc.     And  beneath  (subscribitur)  is  the  confirmation : 

Signum  Guillelmi  regis  et  aliorum  plurimorum ;  [Signa] 
Guillelmi  filii  ejus;  Roberti  episcopi ;  Rogerii  comitis;  Roberti 
condtis  de  Valle-moritonii. 


LN.D.] 

(Cartulary, 
No.  ccxxxviii.) 


658.  Letter  of  earl  Roger  addressed  to  his  most  dear  son 
Robert  of  Belesme.  He  wills,  directs,  and  allows  that  every- 
thing Gilbert  son  of  the  bishop®  has  given  God  and  St.  Martin 
for  his  soul,  in  vineyards,  mill,  and  lands  belonging  to  the 
earl's  fief  should  be  granted  and  confirmed  by  Robert  to  hold 
good  against  all  men.  He  also  directs  that  this  shall  be  done 
for  everything  that  Gilbert's  mother  may  have  given  in  lands 
and  other  rents  of  his  fee.  As  to  those  she  may  have  given 
of  the  fee  of  other  lords,  Robert  is  to  ask  them  to  give  their 
consent  for  love  of  the  earl  and  of  himself. 


1091,  7  Nov. 

(Cartulary, 
No.  cxxxix.) 


659.  Charter  notifjnng  that  Robert  Bigot  and  Emma  his 
wife  in  the  year  1091,  "  vii°  idus  Novembris,"  for  the  soul  of 
their  son  Robert  and  for  their  own,  gave  God  and  St.  Martin 
and  the  brethren  at  S^es  a  metairie  (meteariam)  on  the  sea,  at 
Pirou,  in  the  Cotentin  and  a  vavassor  with  10  acres  of  land,  etc. 
.  .  .  .  For  their  son  Robert,  who  was  made  a  monk  there 
three  days  before,  had  been  honourably  buried  the  same  day,  as 
a  monk  in  their  cemetery. 

Hujus  rei  testes  fuerunt  Haimericus  de  Lonreio  etc. 


1  "  Fulcoio  fratre  Alberi,"  H.  938.  ^  «  Godebaldo,"  in  H.  938. 

^  The  cross  inserted  here. 
■'  In  H.  93S,  after  the  earl  of  Shrewsbury,  the  names  are  Hugonis  de  Monte- 
gomerii ;  Hugonis  comitis  Cestrensis ;  Alani  comitis ;  Henrici  (ste)  comitis  de 
Guarenne  [probably  Henry  earl  of  Warwick]  ;  Walchelini  episcopi;  Eotberti 
filii  Hamonis;  Eithonis  senesoalchi.  Testibus  Hamone  Piperello,  etR[icardo?] 
filio  Corbelini,  et  G.  constabulario,  G.  et  Rotberto  filio  (sic)  Corbelli,  et  Eicardo 
de  Bello  Mesio. 

5  Trans. :  "  Ornuella."  "  Son  of  bishop  Gilbert  by  Emma  his  wife. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARTIN,  SEES. 


235 


1093. 

(Cartulary, 
No.  cciiv.) 


1093, 

(Liber  Albus,  fo.  85 

Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  177. 

Cartulary, 

No.  cclviii.) 


660.  NotiHcation  that  Roger  Baolt,  a  knight  of  earl  Roger 
gave  (lod  and  St.  Martin  and  the  brethren  at  S^es,  present 
and  future,  in  the  year  1093,  the  tithe  of  one  ploughland 
(quarruce)  at  Arondel,  and  of  all  his  stock  (nutriture)  in 
iiuimal.-i  and  other  beasts.  This  gift  lie  made  in  their  chapter 
and  joined  them  on  the  terms  that  if  he  should  wish  to  become 
a  monk  he  would  either  come  to  their  monasteiy  or  would 
take  the  monk's  "  habit "  by  their  counsel.  Should  he  die  a 
layman,  they  will  bury  his  corpse,  on  all  his  substance  being 
made  over  to  them. 

Hujus  rei  testibus  :  Rotberto  clerico  filio  Mainardi ;  Rainfredo 
et  Willelmo  filiis  Busonis. 

661.  [Notification  by  the  monks  that]  William  de  Polleio, 
a  faithful  man  devoted  to  God,  in  the  year  1093,  first  of  the 
Indiction,  twentieth  of  the  epact,  gave  God  and  St.  Martin  and 
the  brethren  living,  or  to  live,  in  the  monastery  of  S6es,  for  his 
soul  and  those  of  his  predecessors  and  successors,  in  Devon- 
shire, a  third  part  of  the  tithe  of  the  crops  (annona)  on  his 
manor  of  Bochelande,  and  the  whole  rightful  tithe  of  all  else 
there,  oxen,  sheep,  swine,  wool,  lambs,  calves,  colts,  and  fillies, 
(equis  seu  equabus)  fish,  honey,  cheese,  butter  ;  and  at  Calcan- 
tone  the  same ;  and  at  Guichelia,  Bottefort,  Cadeberia,  Boeleia, 
Blacaleva,  Pedeleiga,  Stoch,  Sirigvilla,  and  the  three  manors 
of  Ralf  son  of  Goiscelin,  and  Sandfort  the  manor  of  Ascelin 
and  the  other  land  held  by  him  of  William  de  Polleio,  and  the 
two  manors  of  Herbert "  the  senescal,"  and  at  Orf adesora, — from 
all  these,  the  tithe  as  at  Bocheland  and  from  all  other  manors 
and  lands  of  which  William  de  Polleio  or  his  predecessor  had 
the  tithe,  as  at  Bochelande  ;  and  the  tithe  of  the  skins  of 
stags. 

T^tibus:  Rogerio  Apostolico  milite,  et  Widone  de  Boche- 
lande^ ;  Radulfo  filio  Gotscelini ;  de  hominibus  monachorum, 
Roberto  de  Constantino  ;  Johanne  filio  Liebur  ;  Hugone  Caly^ ; 
Johanne  portario ;  Haimone  elemosinario ;  Serico  presbitero. 
Et  subscribur  confirmatio  ejusdem  Willelmi^  et  signum  ejus ; 
signum'^  Rogerii  Apostolici. 

1096  (?).  662.  [Notification  that]  afterwards  in  the  year  1096,*  the 

(Liber  Aibus,fo.  85.  said  William  de  Polleio,  desiring  to  increase  his  endowments, 
""  "  gave  St.   Martin  and  the  brethren  of  the  abbey  the  tithe  of 

Leuga,  a  manor  of  his  in  England,  as  he  had  already  granted 
at  Bochelande  and  the  other  manors  aforesaid,  also  a  certain 
manor  named  Baraberga,  a  part  or  member  of  Bochelande,  with 
its  own  hall  in  that  vili,  and  with  oxen,  sheep,  serfs,  maids,  and 
all  rents  or  dues  belonging  to  that  member.  All  this  and  his 
other  gifts  his  son  Robert  granted.  And  these  witnesses  saw 
and  heard  [it] : — 

Ex  sua  parte,  Robertus  de  Osereto,  et  Guido  filius  Westmarie^ ; 
ex  parte  abbatis,  RaduHus  marescaldus ;  Robertus  de  Costantino ; 

•  '•  Rochela  "  in  H.  938.  ^  <.  Calvini "  in  H.  938.  ■'  Cross  inserted  here. 

*  "  MXCV."  in  H.  938.  *  "  Bestemarici,"  H.  938. 


Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  178. 

Cartulary, 

No.  cclix.) 


236 


ABBEY  or  ST.  MARTIN,  SEES. 


1096  (?). 


(Liber  Albus,  fo.  85. 

Trans.  Vol.  XII. 

io.  179. 

Cartulary, 

No.  cclx.) 


Wismundus  cocus  ;  Unfridus'  venator ;  Tetbaldus  iilius  Roberti ; 
Herlechin^ ;  Girardus  pistor.  Et  subscribitur  connrmatio 
Willelmi  de  PoUeio  et  signum^  ejus  ;  sigiiuni  Roberti  filii  ejus.^ 
And  all  the  above  gifts  were  made  for  the  soul  of  his  wife 
Basilia  and  for  those  of  his  predecessors  and  successors ;  also 
the  whole  rightful  tithe  of  the  mill  in  a  certain  vill  called 
Alberica. 

663.  Notification  that  Roger  de  Monte  Begonis,  and  Sezilia 
his  wife  have  given  God  and  St.  Martin's,  Sdes  and  the  monks 
there  serving,  or  to  serve  God,  in  alms  for  ever,  all  the  tithe 
they  had  in  the  territory  of  Beaumont  (Bellusmons)  in  the 
place  called  Forest,  near  the  road  leading  to  Le  Mans.  And  it 
is  to  be  noted  that  this  tithe  was  the  dower  {dotalium)  of 
Sezilia's  mother,  Eva,  who  gave  it  to  this  lier  daughter,  who 
afterwards  marrying  the  above  Roger,  had  this  tithe  foj*  her 
marriage-portion  (maritatu),  by  permission  of  her  brothers 
and  friends,  with  others  of  her  relatives.  This  tithe  Roger  and 
Sezilia  gave  for  their  souls  and  those  of  all  their  predecessors 
and  successors,  adding  much  else  of  their  substance,  namely 
the  tithe  of  Calisei,  and  the  church  of  Tit,  with  fdl  [its]  tithe, 
and  all  tne  tithe  of  their  demesne  between  Ribble  and  Mersey 
(Ripam  et  Mersa7)i),  and  even  beyond  the  river  called  Ripa. 
Moreover  Rogei-  and  his  wife  and  Robert  a  brother  of  Roger, 
have  this  arrangement  with  the  monks  of  St.  Martin :  at  their 
death,  they  are  respectively  to  commit  (reddere)  their  bodies 
to  thu  monastery  for  burial  and  all  their  property  (facultates) ; 
and  the  monks  of  St.  Martin  are  to  do  for  each  of  them  in  alms 
and  prayers  what  they  would  do  for  a  professed  monk  of  their 
own  congregation.  They  have  also  undertaken  that  if  at  any 
time,  Roger  or  Robert  should  wish  to  become  monks,  they  will 
not  do  so  save  in  the  monastery  of  St.  Martin;  and  if  Sezilia 
should  ever  wish  to  enter  religion  {mutare  habitum)  she  will 
not  do  without  the  counsel  of  its  brethren.  Roger  and  his 
wife  iiave  .ilso  given  St.  Martin  two  men  in  Calisei.  Of  the  said 
gifts  these  were  witnesses,  seeing  and  hearing  [them]  : 

Fulco  filius  Alberici;  HaiiTiericus  filius  Seziliee;  Herbertus 
filius  Fulconis ;  Paganus  filius  Odonis ;  Gosceiinus  filius  Giile- 
berti ;  VVarnerius  filius  Hermefredi ;  Heugelbertus*  de  Lencay ; 
Rogerius  fratei'  Roberti  monachi ;  Herbertus  cocus ;  Gunterius 
filius  Fulcherii ;  Girardus  filius  Brloie  ;  Petrus  nepos  Rainaldi 
monachi^ ;  Robertus  de  Constantino ;  Radulfus  marescallus. 


1094.  664.  Notification    that   earl    Roger,    called     "of    Poitou " 

(Liber  Albus,  fo.  86.  (Pictaviensis),  in  the  year  1094,  gave  to  God  and  St.  Martin 
Trans.  Vol.  III.    ^^^   ^.j^g    brethren    at   Sees,    in   alms   for    ever,   the    church 


fo.  180. 
Cartulary, 
>'o.  cclxi.) 


of  Lancaster  with  all  its  appurtenances,  and  part  of  the 
land  of  that  town,  from  the  old  wall  to  Godfrey's  orchard, 
and    as    far    as    Presteguet,    and    two    manors    {mansiones) 


1  "  Gunfridus,"  H.  938.  2  «  xioberti,  Herlechin,"  H.  938. 

,  '  Cross  inserted  here. 

■*    H.  938  inserts  "  filius  "  here.  ■'  H.  938  "  mo." 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MAETIN,  SEES.  237 

1094. 

near  Lancaster,  Andeduva^  and  Neutona,  and  Ansfrid  de 
Montegoraraerici  Avith  all  that  he  held  of  the  said  earl, 
and  the  churches  of  Hessan,  and  Prestetona,  and  Estanes- 
beria,  and  Cotegrava,  and  Cropil[le],  and  Wichelai,  smd  Calisei, 
and  the  churches  of  St.  Peter  of  Lincoln,  and  Walinguf)re^  and 
Navzebeia,^  and  Bodebeia,  with  their  appurtenances  and  the 
tithes  of  Hales,  and  Derbeium,  and  Salfort,  and  Risebeia,  and 
Bissepephen ;  and  the  tithes  of  all  his  mares,  cows,  and 
swine  when  they  cotneto  the  larderer  ;  and  Hervey  the  priest 
of  Torp  and  Benedict  of  Eia,  and  all  that  he  holds  of  the  eail, 
ard  the  tithes  of  the  churches  of  all  the  land  of  Albert  Greslet, 
and  the  tithe  of  Warin  Boissel  at  Brestona,  and  the  tithe  of  the 
land  of  Roger  de  Monte  Begonis  at  Calisei  and  Tablesbeia  and 
Tit  and  all  his  demesne  between  Rible  and  Mersey  ;  and  four 
men  of  Ralf  Grenet  in  Sulfoc. 

['I'estibus :  Hec  omnia  supradicta  sicut  liberaliter  concedit 
comes  Rogerius  sancto  Martino  ut  nuUus  suorum  super  ea, 
potestatem  habeat  exceptis  monachi>^.  Testibus:  Godefrido 
vicecomite ;  Olivario  de  Tremblet ;  Emaldo  Barberoto ;  Rogerio 
de  Monte  Begonis ;  Alberto  Greslet ;  Rogerio  filio  Ernaldi ; 
Herveo  presbitero;  Ansfrido  de  Montegommerio ;  Ricard6 
Estormit'.*] 

1094.  665.  Charter  of  earl  Roger,  called  ''  of  Poitou,"  [who]  gave 

(Liber  Aibns,  fo  86.  in  1094,  ten  pounds  a  year  until  he  should  assign  [land]  worth 
^'^°o  Tsi  ^^^      ^^  pounds  a  year.     And  if  anyone  should   desire  the  prayers 
Cartulary,        and  benefits  of  the  monastery  of  Lancaster,  the  enrl  most  gladly 
No.  cclxii.)        grants  that  he  may  give  as  much  as  half  his  land.     And  if  any- 
one without   heir   of  woman  (absque  herede  Tnulieris)  should 
wish   to  give  his  whole  land,    and  should   there  assume    the 
monastic  garb,  to  be  a  monk  of  St.  Martin's,  the  earl  grants 
that   he   may.       And  St.  Martin  is   to  hold  all  as  freely  as 
himself  etc.^ 

Testibus  :  Godefrido  vicecomite ;  Olivario  de  Tremblet ; 
Ernaldo  Barberoto®;  Ansfrido  de  Montegommerio;  Radulfo 
Ghemet ;  Willelmus  de  Raines,  et  alii. 

1098,  27  Aug.         666.  Notification  that  Arnulf  [de  Montgomery]  son  of  earl 

(Liber  Aibus,  fo.  87.  Roger,  a  man  of  great  worth  and  highly  esteemed,  so  loved  the 

^"^^"£0^82"^'     Ibrethen  at  S^es  that,  on  Aug.  27,  1098,"  in  the   chapter  of 

Cartulary,         St.  Martin  of  S6es,  Serlo  the  bishop  and  Ealf  the  abbot  being 

No.  cclxiil.)       present,  he  gave  the  brethren  of  Sees,  living  and  to  live  in  the 

abbey  of  St.  Martin  of  Sdes,  in  alms  for  ever,  for  his  soul  and 

1  Rectius :  "  Audecliva."        "  Trans. :   "  Walicgnore."        ^  Trans. ;  "  Nauzebeia." 

■*  Supplied  from  a  corresponding  charter  and  from  H.  938,  cclxi. 

*  H.  938  here  continues  : — "and  after  the  earl  had  granted  this,  Geoffrey  de 
Ria  gave  the  monastery  a  manor,  namely  Sanguice  and  Godfrey  the  sheriff 
[gave]  the  tithes  of  Bissopoban,  and  all  he  had  in  Lancaster,  houses,  orchaid  and 
lands,  and  the  land  he  had  in  little  Lancaster,  and  Ealf  Geetier  («c)  4  men  in 
Sutfolc." 

"  After  "  Barberoto  "  in  cclxij.,  H.  938  reads, "  Eadulfo  Ghemet ;  Odone  ;  Eogero 
de  Montebegonis  j  Alberto  Gresleit ;  Willelmo  de  Raunes ;  Rogero  filio  Ernaldi. 

'  "  Kal.  Septembris"  in  H.  938. 


238 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARTIN,  SfiES. 


1098. 

those  of  his  father  Roger  and  his  brother  Hugh,  who  was  slain 
that  year,  the  church  of  St.  Nicliolas  at  Pembroch,  a  castle  o£ 
his  in  Wales,  and  20  carucates  of  land,  together  with  all  that 
his  men  had  given  or  should  give  the  abbey'  ;  and  he  promised 
that  he  would  give  other  land  of  his,  lying  in  England  sufficient 
to  provide  footgear  (calceainenta)  for  the  brethren  of  the  abbey. 
This  gift  he  made  [in  order]  that  he  might  retain  nothing  for 
himself  of  all  the  rents  and  dues  of  that  land,  giving  even  his 
woods  (lucos)  for  the  needs  of  the  monks,  namely  for  building 
and  firing  and  pannage  throughout  his  demesne. 

Hujus  donationis  testes  fuerunt  Eustachius  de  Marcevilla; 
Hugo  filius  Warini  vicecomitis  Scroberie ;  Robertus  de  Hum- 
franvilla  ;  Rogerus  dispensator ;  Ricardus  de  Graio^ ;  Girardus 
et  Godefridus  de  Vinaz. 

[Qirc.  1100.]  667.  [Memorandum  of]  the  payments  due  to  St.  Martin  of 
(Liber  Aibus,  fo.  87.  g^es  and  the  brethren  of  Panbroc  from  {de)  Heldrenesia ;  from  (in) 
the  church  of  Pagana  40  shillings  ;  from  Prestitonia  20  shillings  ; 
from  Scachelinges  20  shillings  ;  from  the  castle  church  20 
shillings;  from  Frohingham  4  shillings;  from  Donestat^  15 
shillings ;  from  Witfomesel,  [where  are]  two  churches  4.5 
shillings;  from  Essintona;  from  Garlintona  10  shillings;  and 
from  the  chapel  where  Roscelin  sings  [mass]  10  shillings. 
Et  subscribitur  confirmatio  Arnulfi  et  signum  ejus.* 


Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  182.    FoUows 

No.  cclxiii. 

in  Cartulary.) 


Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  186. 

Cartulary, 

No.  cclxv.) 


1098.  668.  Another  version  of  the  above  charter,  not  mentioning  the 

(Liber  Albus,fo.  83.  circumstances  of  the  grant,  stating  that  the  yearly  ten  pounds 
""  '  from  England  were  to  be  charged  on  the  tithes  of  his  churches 

there,  and  to  be  applied,  half  to  the  footgear  of  the  {calceamemta 
perpetreuda^)  brethren  at  Sees,  and  half  to  the  brethren  at 
Pembroc  or  their  buildings.  The  witnesses  are  the  same,  but 
there  are  appended  the  names  of  those  who  witnessed  the  king's 
confirmation. 

[Signa]    regis ;    Anselmi  archiepiscopi ;    Wilfridi  episeopi®  ; 
Arnulfi  filii  Rogerii  comitis ;  Roberti  filii  Hamonis. 


[?  Giro.  1105.]  669.  Charter  of  Savaric  son  of  Cana  and  Muriel  his  wife 
(Cartulary,  granting  to  God  and  St.  Mary  and  St.  Martin's,  S4es  and 
No.  cclv.)  ^a]£  the  abbot'  and  the  monks  the  church  of  Isemburna,  with 
its  appurtenances  as  Herlingus  held  it,  if  Herlingus  should  [so] 
grant  it.  Also  his  [Savaric's]  pasture  {viridarium)  both  old  and 
new,  if  he  should  remove  his  residence  {m,ansionein  mutdre) 
thence. 

Testes  sunt  hujus  concessionis :  Ricardus  de  Mereio,  et  Lucia 
uxor  ejus,  et  Radulfus  capellanus.  Concedunt  quoque  et  testes 
sunt;  Radulfus  et  Savaricus  filii  ipsius  Savarici ;  Herveius  Belee ; 


?  Printed  down  to   here  in   Mnnast.  Angl.  VI.,  999,  and   Chetham    Society 
XXVL,  9.  .  ,1 

2  After  this  H.  938  reads  "  Danfront." 
^  Rectius  :  "  Donestal "  as  in  H.  938.  ■*  Cross  inserted  here. 

*  ^i!chMS."preparanda?' asinH.  938.  '      "^  Of  St.  David's. 

',  Bishop  of  Rochester,  1108. 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARTIN,  Sl&BS.  239 


[1  Circ.  1105.] 

Willelmus  filio  Albert! ;  Alexander  de  Saticta  Maria  ;  Pinellus 
Vrito ;  Fulco  camerarius  Basso.  Isti  omnes  de  hominibus  Sava- 
rici.  Ex  homiaibus  quoque  Ricardi  de  Mereio :  Ingelgerius  et 
Alexander  filii  Ricardi ;  Eadulfus  dapifer ;  Alveredus  filius 
Alberti.  Et  subscribitur  confirmation  Savarici  et  signum  ejus  : 
signum^  uxoris  ejus. 

[1125-1128.]         670.  Charter   of   William   archbishop   of   Canterbury   and 

(Liber  Albus,  fo.  89.  legate  of  the  apostolic  see  addressed  to  Brernardi  bishop  of  St. 

"fo  186  David's  and  all  sons  of   the  church.     He  testifies  to  having 

Cartniary,         been  told  by  the  king  at  the  council  held  at  Westminster  that 

No.  ccixvi.)       earl  (comes)  Arnulf  gave   the  churches  of  all  his  land  in  Wales 

and  the  tithes,  [and]  twenty  carucates  of  land,  with  much  else, 

and  ten  pounds'  worth  (libratas)  of  tithes  from  the  churches  he 

held  in  England  to  the  monks  of  St.  Martin's,  S^es,  and  that  the 

king  had  given  and  granted  the  same  to  the  said  brethren,  some 

of  whom  dwelt  and  dwell  at  Pembroc.     For  his  part  he  grants 

and  confirms  this,  as  the  king  himself  confirms  it  in  his  charter. 

Testibus^ :    episcopis  W^intoniensi  Willelmo,  Seifredo    Cices- 

trensi,^  et  Johanne  Rofiensi.* 

(Liber  Albus,  fo.  89.      671.  Notification    by   Hugh   bishop   of    Durham   that  the 

"^^fo  187  dispute  between  Nicholas  prior  of  Lancaster  and  Norman  the 

Cartulary,         clerk  Concerning  the   church  of  Mellingues   and  the  chapel  of 

No.  ccixvii.)       Wirsingueham  has  been  thus  settled  in  his  presence  :  the  prior 

has  granted  Norman  the  said  church  and  chapel,  to  be  held,  for 

his  life,  from  St.  Mary  of  Lancaster,  for  an  annual  pension  of 

20  shillings,   10  at  Pentecost,  and   10  at  Martinmas.     By  the 

authority   committed    to  him   by    the    pope,  he    confirms   tliis 

arrangement,  to   which  they  have   pledged   their   faith   (Jidei 

interpositione). 

[?  1 094]  672.  Charter  of  Roger  count  of  Poitou  {comes  Pictavensis). 

(Liber  Albus,  fo.  89.  Printed  from  Inspeximus  in  Monast.  Ang.  VL,  997,  and  in 
io^llT.'  cTiijIry,  .Ohetham    Society  XXVL,  8,  from  the   Cartulary,  with   more 
No.  cclxviii.)    '  witnesses. 

(Liber  Albus,  fo.  90.      g73_  Charter   of   John   count   of    Mortain.      Printed   from 
'^^'fo  189.  Inspeximus  in  MoTuxst.  Ang.  VI.  997,  and  in  Chetham  Society 

Cartulary,        XXVL,  12,  from  the  Cartulary,  with  more  witnesses. 
No.  eotdx.) 

(Liber  Albus  fo  90.       ^'^-  Charter  of  John,  26  March,  1200.     Printed  in  Rotuli 

Trans.  Vol.  III.      Chartarum  I.,  40,  and  in  Chetham  Society  XXVL,  16. 
fo.  190.     Cartulary,  No.  cclxx.) 

(Liber  Albus,  fo.  90.  675.  Charter  of  Hugh  bishop  of  Coventry,  notifying  that 
'^'fo^'ili'.'  ^^^    ™  consideration  of  the  poverty  of  the  monks  of  St.  Martin  of 

See  Chetham  Society  S^es,  and  their  good  reputation  and  humility,  he  grants  them 
XSVI.,  113.  for  ever  six  marcs  a  year  from  the  church  of  Crostonne,  to  be 
NrccSl.)       P^^*^  ^y  *^^*  ^^®^^  whom  the  monks,  to  whom  rightfully  belongs 

•  Crosses  inserted  here.  ^  Trans,  and  H.  938  :  "  Teste  episcopo." 

'  Trans. :  "  Cioestercienei,"  ;  H.  938  :   "  Cicestriensi." 
*  Trans.  :   "  Koss  "  ;  "  Rost'  "  in  H.  938. 


240 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARTIN,  SJlBS. 


the  presentation,  shall  present  to  liim  or  his  successors,  turee 
marcs  at  Michaelmas  an  J  three  at  Easter ;  and  if  ihe  cleik  fails 
to  pay  within  fifteen  days  of  the  appointed  time,  he  shall  be 
bound  to  pay  a  penalty  often  shillings  in  addition. 

[1189-1199,]  676.  Charter  of  Hugh  abbot  of  Sees  and  the  convent,  notifj-ing 
(Liber  Albus.fo.  97.  that  they  have  granted  to  Robert  de  Borna,  servant  of  the 
lord  John  count  of  Mortain  {Mauritonio),  and  his  heirs  all  the 
holding  that  was  held  of  them  by  Osbern  priest  of  La  Rogate, 
except  the  churches  of  La  Rogate  and  Hertingues,  with  their 
appurtenances,  paying  the  prior  of  Arundel,  yearly,  for  the  said 
holding  fifteen  shillings,  namely  forty-five  pence  each  quarter. 
Robert  and  his  successors  are  to  render  the  same  dues  to  them 
and  the  said  prior  as  Osbern  did. 


Trans.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  193. 

(Cartulary, 

!No.  «cexxxiv.) 


1196. 

(fjiber  Albus,  fo.  97. 

Traus.  Vol.  III. 

fo.  192. 

Cartulary, 

No.  ccxcix.) 


677.  Charter  of  Hugh^  abbot  of  Sees  and  the  convent 
addressed  generally.  They  grant  to  the  monks  of  Hest  and 
Mendeham^  all  their  portion  of  the  church  of  Mendeham,  with 
all  its  appurtenances,  for  ever,  lor  an  annual  rent  of  100  shillings 
sterling  {stellingorum),  half  at  Michaelmas  and  half  at  Easter, 
after  the  decease  or  resignation  (recessum)  of  Benedict  dean  of 
Mendeham,  on  condition  that  the  said  Benedict  is  to  pay  the 
monks  of  Hest  the  pension  of  five  marcs,  which  he  used  to 
pay  to  themselves,  which  pension  the  monks  of  Hest  are  to  pay 
[back]  to  them  at  the  said  terms.  This  was  done  with  the 
assent  and  [good]will  of  Roger  de  Huntingfeld/  knight,  patron 
of  the  said  portion,  which  patronage  they  have  granted  to 
Roger,  that  Roger  and  his  heirs,  and  also  the  monks  of  Hest 
themselves  may  the  more  faithfully  keep  this  agreement. 

Facta  fuit  hee  charta  anno  ab  incamatione  Domini  m°c°xcvio* 
His  testibus :  S[ansone]  abbate  sancti  Edmundi ;  (abbate  de 
Hulmo ;  magistro  P.  de  Eilneia ;  Herberto  priore  de  Sancto 
Sepulchre  de  Neford ;  R.  decano  de  Eief ;  magistro  0.  de 
Hopot[una]  ;  magistro  H.  de  Bort ;  Simone  de  Flenlindun  ;  W. 
filio  Walterii  ;  Ingelgero  de  Guisnon  ;  Waltero  de  Rovinton  ;  O. 
de  Corchum  ;  Huberto  Waltero ;  Radulfo  de  Modef[orda].°) 


1  "  Henricus  "  in  H.  938.  ^  "  Est  de  Mendeham  "  in  H.  938. 

'  " Huntinguefelde "  in  H.  938.  ■•  "  Mcxvi."  erroneously  in  H.  938. 

Names  within  the  brackets  supplied  from  H.  938  ;  Transcript  gives  only  "  etc." 


241 

ABBEY  OF  ST.   MARY,  SILLY, 

FOR  PREMONSTRATENSIAN  CANONS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OF    SEES. 


[Original  Bocuments  and  Copies  in  Archives  of  the  Orne. 
MS.  Lat.  11,059  in  Bihliotheque  Nationale}] 


[N.  D.]  678.  Charter   of   abbot   Warin   (Oarinus)   and   the   whole 

(Original  in  archives  convent  of  St.  Pierre-sur-Dives  notifying  that  they  have  granted 

^™kf  mtV^       *°  their  lady  the  empress  for  ever  the  land  of  St.  Leonard  of 

GoufFer  to  do  what  she  wiU  with  it ;  for  which  grant  she  has 

given  them  ten  pounds  of  Anjou. 

His  testibus :  ll[otrodo]  episcopo  Ebroicensi ;  Godarto  de 
VaUibus ;  Roberto  filio  Hamonis ;  Willelmo  de  Angervilla  ; 
Laurentio  capellano^  filio  Roscelini.     Datum  apud  Pratum. 

[N.  D.]  679.  Charter  of  the  empress   Mathildis   addressed   to   the 

(Original  in  archives.bisliop  of  Sees  and  her  officers  etc.  of  Argentan  and  of  Nor- 

XT       T  /fQQ  ^3 

MS  lat  to  24d )  ^"^^^^Yt  French  and  English.  She  gives  to  St.  Mary  of  Goffer 
and  Drogo  its  founder  and  the  other  brethren  the  land  of  St. 
Leonard  of  Goffer  whicli  she  bought  from  the  abbot  of  St. 
Pierre-sur-Dives  for  101.  of  Anjou,  and  the  house  of  Columbellus 
and  his  land  in  the  new  bourg  of  her  castle  of  Argentan  etc.  .  . 
His  testibus :  Rotrodo  episcopo  Ebroicensi ;  Godardo  de 
VaUibus ;  Roberto  filio  Hamerici ;  Guillelmo  de  Angervilla ; 
Laureritio  capellano  ;  Roscelino  filio  Clarembaldi ;  Hugone  in 
ederico(?) ;  Galtero  de  Genes.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

[1154-1164.]       680.  Charter  of  the  empress  Mathildis,  daughter  of   king 

(Copies  in  archives,  Henry  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of  Rouen  and  all  her  officers 

an?H  °m7        °^  Normandy,  especially  those  of  Argentan.     For  the  souls  of 

Trans.  Vol.  III.     her  father  king    Henry,   her   mother    queen    Maud,    and    her 

fo.  294.  husbands  (sponsorwm)    Henry   emperor  of    Alniain  (de  Alle- 

MS.  lat.,  o.  2  .)    rfj^mq^iifj^)  an(j  Geoffrey  duke  of  Normandy  and  count  of  Anjou, 

of  her  son  William,  and  for  her  own  weal  [and  that]  of  Henry 

king  of  England  and  her  children,  she  gives  in  alms  for  ever 

to  St.  Mary  of  Gouffer  and  to  Drogo  its  founder  and  all   the 

brethren   there  serving  God  a  certain  waste  etc 

and   the  land   of    St,    Leonard   which   she   bought   from   the 
monastery  of  St.  Pierre-sur-Dives. 


^  A  fine  12th  cent.  Cartulary. 
Clarembaldo  "  has  apparently  been  omitted  in  Transcript. 


e    92684. 


242  ABBEY  OF  SILLY. 

[1154-1164.] 

His  testibus :  Eotrodo  episcopo  Ebroicensi ;  Willelmo  filio 
meo  ;  Godardo  de  Vall[ibus]i .  Roberto  filio  Hamonis  ;  Roscelino 
filio  Claremb[aldi]^ ;  Willelmo  de  Angervilla  ;  Laurentio 
capellano ;  Hugone  capellano ;  Eustachio  de  Forehia^ ;  Galtero 
de  Gelneia.*  Apud  Rothomagum. 

[1156-7.]  681.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  all  his  officers  of 

(Copy  in  arcMres,  Normandy  and  especially  to  those  of  Argentan.     Ee  gives  to 

MS.?at^*fa246     ^t.  Mary  of  Gxiffer  and  Drogo  its  founder  and  all  the  brethren 

See  Deiisie's  '     there  lands  in  Normandy  [specified]  for  the  souls  of  king  Henry 

Cartulaire  J\'ormand,}^iQ  grandfather  and  Geofl:rey  count  of  Anjou  his  father,  and  for 

^°'  ^'^  the  weal  of  the  Empress  his  mother,  including  the  land  of  St. 

Leonard  of  Goffer  which  the  Empress  bought  from  the  monks 

of  St.  Pierre-sur-Dives. 

Testibus :  Matilde  imperatrice  matre  Regis,  et  Thoma 
cancellario,  et  Gaufrido  et  Willelmo  fratribus  regis,  et  Huberto 
de  VaUibus,  et  Huberto  de  Helyun.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

[1158-60.]  682.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Original  in  archives,  Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.     He  confirms  the  first 

US.U.t.'fo%5d.)    charter  of  the  empress  supra.  -,  ^.    x  ^     ■* 

Testibus :  Thoma  cancellario,  et  Man[essero]  Biset  dapitero, 
et  Richardo  de  Luci,  et  Roberto  de  Dunst[anvilla],  et 
Stephano  de  Bello  Campo.     Apud  Argentonum. 

[1156-1159.]        683.  Charter  of   the  empress  Mathildis,  daughter  of  king 

(Copy  in  archives,  Henry  addressed  to  the  bishop  of  Sees  and  all  her  officers  of 

Trans  Vof  III      *^^  vicoTuU  of  Argentan.      She  gives  in  alms  for  ever  to  St. 

fo.  295*.  Mary  of  Gouffern  and  Drogo  its  founder  and  the  other  canons 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  246.)    there  serving  God   two  nnuids  of  wheat  and  one  of  barley, 

every  year,  from  her  mills  of  Argentan. 

His  testibus :  Herberto  episcopo  Abrincatensi^ ;  Villelmo 
de  Angervilla ;  Stephano  de  Bellocampo  ;  Eustachio  de  Forchia^ ; 
Waltero  filio  Ernaldi.     Apud  Rothomagum. 

[1156-1159.]        684.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  all  his  officers  of 
(Copy  in  archives,  Argentan,  confirming  the  above  charter  of  the  empress. 
Trans  Volf  ill         Testibus  hiis  :  Thoma  cancellario  ;   Stephano  de  Bellocampo ; 
fo.  !J96.  Maness[ero]  Biset  dapifero  ;  Ricardo  scriptore.     Apud  Rotho- 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  25rf.)   magum. 

[1165-1174.]       685.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Original  in  archives,  Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.     He  grants  to  the 

Trans  Yol.  ni.    church  of  St.  Mary  of  Giiflfer  and  the  canons  there  serving  God, 

fo.  296.  the  church  of  St.  Leonard,  which  Robert  de  Sancto  Leonardo 

MS.  lat.,  fo.  20.)    lias  given  them  in  almoin  for  ever,  with  all  its  appurtenances. 

'  Trans.  :  "  Valle  "  ;  so  also  Cartulary.        ^  "  Doroest "  wrongly  in  Transcript. 
2  "  Scotia  "  in  Cartulary.  *  "  des  Gesneia  "  in  Cartulary. 

"  Trans.  :  "  Abrincacensi."  "  "  Scochia  "  in  CaitnlaTy. 


ABBEY  OF  SILLY.  24& 


[1165-1174] 

Testibus :  Frogero  episcopo  Sagiensi ;  Kicardo  archidiacono 
Pictaviensi ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto  constabulario ;  Manesaero 
Biset,  dapifero ;  Willelmo  de  Curceio  dapifero ;  Roberto  de 
Hasting[es] ;  Roberto  de  Bruecourt ;  Hugone  de  Morevilla. 
Apud  Argentonum. 

[]  176-1181.]        686.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  geneially.     He  grants 
(MS.lat.fo.  26.)    to  earl  William  de  Mauudevilla  all  the  land  which  Robert  de 
Say  has  rightfully  given  him  [Norman  locality]  and  that  which 
Nicola  de  Bel  Altel  has  rightfully  sold  him  [Norman  locality]. 

Testibus :  Gaufrido  comite  Brittanie  ;  Willelmo  comite 
Gloecestrie ;  Roberto  comite  Lecgr[ecestrie]  ;  Richardo  de  Aufay  j 
Gaufrido  de  Sai ;  Widone  de  Sancto  Walerico ;  Simone  de  BeUo 
Campo ;  Hugone  Talebot ;  Gilleberto  de  Ver.  Apud  Wintoniam. 

[1176-1181.]        687.  Charter  of   [earl]  William  de  Mand[evilla]  notifying 
^MS.  lat.,  fo.  30.)    his  grant,  in  frankalmoin  for  ever,  to  the  canons  of  Silli  of  his 
houses  at  Blancfosse,  which  he  has  from  Robert  de  Saieto. 

Hiis  testibus:  Guillelmo  abbate  de  Mort[uo]mari ;  Hugone 
eapellano ;  Henrico  de  Ver  ;  Radulfo  de  Mandevilla  ;  Richardo  de 
M.ont[e  ?] ;  W.  ejus  lilio ;  W.  bruncoste ;  Wiscard  Ledet ;  Roberto 
de  Lovetot ;  Roberto  Wascel[ini  ?] ;  Radulfo  de  Corendone^ ; 
Hugone  de  Cambai  ■  Henrico  fratre  sqo  ;  Gilleberto  clerico ; 
Radulfo  de  Burnovilla  ;  Thoma  clerico. 

[1176-1181.]        688.  Charter  of  WiUiam  de  Mandevilla,  earl  of  Essex,  granting 
(MS.  lat.,  Eo.  30rf.)   to  his  Serjeant  (servienti)  Hugh  Torel,  for  his  service  and  homage, 
the  land  he  has  bought  from  Richard  Coue,  etc. 

Hiis  testibus:  Willelmo  abbate  de  Mortuomari;  Hugone 
eapellano ;  Henrico  de  Ver  ;  Radulfo  de  Mandevilla  ;  Guichardo 
Letet ;  Hugone  de  Cambrai ;  Henrico  de  Cam[brai] ;  Adraano 
fratre  suo ;  Thoma  clerico ;  Gilleberto  de  Pratis ;  Hugone  de 
Albitin' ;  Huberto  de  Thalamo ;  Tostano  L'orloc,  et  plures  alii. 

[1184-9.]  689.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.     He  grants 

(MS.  lat.,  fo.  25</.)  to  St.  ,Mary  of  Goufer  and  its  canons  the  gift  of  Robert  de  Clopel 
and  Fulc  and  Gilbert  his  sons  of  their  right  of  presentation  to 
the  church  of  St.  Lambert  as  given  by  them  in  his  presence  and 
that  of  Walter  archbishop  of  Rouen,  and  with  their  assent  and 
that  of  Fulc  de  Aunou,  Robert's  lord,  at  the  city  of  Sees,  etc. 

Testibus :  Gaufrido  filio  et  cancellario  meo ;  Stephano  de 
Tur[onis]  senescallo  Andegavie  ;  Petro  filio  Guidonis  ; 
Haimeric  filio  Ivonis  ;  Willelmo  de  Mara ;  Willelmo  filio  Aldelini ; 
Gilleberto  filio  Rainfridi ;  Hamone  Pinsc^[ema]  ;  Stephano  de 
Tumeham  (sic).     Apud  Andeg[avum]. 

[?  1190.]  690.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  to  all  his  officers  of 

(Fidmas  in  archives,  Normandy.     He  takes  under  his  protection  Ralf  abbot  of  Silly^ 

H.  1098.         g^jj^j  ^Yl  that  abbey  and  all  its  property.     They  are  therefore  to 

Trans.  Vol.  III.  j     n  xi.-  r  t  ■  n  "1 

fo.  298.)         guard  all  tnis  as  oi  his  own  demesne  etc 

Teste  Willelmo  abbate  de  Mortis  mari,  apud  Andegavas* 
xiij.  die  Januarii. 

1  Should  probably  be  "  Torendone."  ^  The  "  s  "  dotted  beneath  for  deletion. 

'  Said  to  have  died  Sept.  1189.  "  Trans.  -.  "  Andegavensem." 

q2 


244 


ABBEY  OF  SILLY. 


1202.  691.  Notification  of  the  settlement  of  a  dispute  between  the 

(Original  m^archives.  abbot  and  Convent  of  Silly  and  Warin  de  Bello  Altari.    The  abbot 

and  canons  are  to  hold  of  him  and  his  heirs  all  that  William  earl 

of  Essex  held  in  the  fief  of  Bel  Autel  (Bello  altari)  from  Robert 

de  Fay,  Garin's  father,  etc 

Actum  est  hoc  apud  Cadomum  et  rotulo  scacarii  confirmatum 
regnante  Johanne  rege  Anglorum  (sic),  Radulfo  Tesson  senescallo 
Normannie,  Anno  verbi  incamati  M°cc°  secundo. 


245 

ABBEY  OF  ST.  MARY,  LA  TRAPPE, 

FOR  CISTERCIAN  MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OF    SEES. 

[Original  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Orne.] 


[1159-1162.]        692,  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  the  archbishop  of 

(Ancient  transcript  Rouen  and  all  his  officers  of  Normandy.    He  gives  to  the  abbey 

''h''i863^''        °*  ^*-  ^^^  of  I^a  Trappe  and  the  monks  there  serving  God,  in 

Trans.  Vol.  ni.     frank  almoin  for  ever,  for  the  weal  of  his  soul  and  [those]  of 

fo.  310.)         his  predecessors,  heirs  and  successors,  his  farm  (meiteiria)  of 

Maheru,  etc.  [full  details]. 

Testibus:  H[ugone]  archiepiscopo  Rothomagensi ;  A[mulfo] 
episcopo  Lexoviensi  ;  F[rogero]  episcopo  Sagiensi;  Ricardo  de 
Humeto  constabulario ;  Gaufrido  de  Bonmoulin;  Herberto  de 
Sancta  Scolastica.     Apud  Argentonium. 

[1159-1162.]        693.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  giving  the  same  farm,  for  his 
(Original  in  archives,  weal  and  that  of  his  children,  and  for  the  souls  of  his  pre- 

Portfonofseal.     decessors. 

Trans.  Vol.  III.         Testibus  :    Amulfo  episcopo   Lexoviensi ;    Frogero    episcopo 
fo.  311.)  Sagiensi ;  Roberto  filio  comitis  Legrecestrie ;  Ricardo  de  Humeto 

constabulario;    Gaufrido    de   Bruecort;    Gilberto   fratre  suo; 
Herberto  de  Sancta  Scolastica.     Apud  Argentonium. 

1191.  694.  Charter  of  Mathildis  countess  of  Perche,  confirming  a 

(Original  in  archives,  gift  of  lands  [Norman]  by  Girard  de  Aspris,  with  the  assent  of 
T  ns  Vol^ill     *'-^  ^^^  sons,  of  his  wife  Mary,  and  his  eldest  son's  wife  Annete, 
fo.  312.2)     "     to  the  abbey  (domui  Dei)  of  La  Trappe. 
Teste  me  ipsa,  apud  Mauritaniam. 

'  Clearly  spurious  in  this  form. 
2  On  same  fo.  is  a  charter  [H.  1846]  of  her  husband  count  Geoffrey,  on  his 
return  Irom  crusade,  also  confirming  it. 


246 


ABBEY  OF  ST.  PETER,  ALMENESCHES, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  NUNS, 


IN  THE 


DIOCESE    OF    SEES. 

[Original  Documents  in  Archives  of  the  Orne.] 


[Girc.  1194.]  695.  Charter  of  Seiffrid  II.  bishop  of  Chichester.  In  con- 
(Original  in  archives,  sideration  of  the  poverty  and  the  high  reputation  of  the  nuns 
Tranf ™Ti' I  p  ^n '^^  Albenesches  (sic),  he  assigns  them,  from  compassion,  an 
annual  pension  of  15  marcs  from  the  churches  of  Clinpingh[es] 
Rustintun[e]  and  Fordes,  namely,  100  shillings  from  that  of 
Clinpingh[es],  a  moiety  at  Easter  and  a  moiety  at  Michaelmas  ; 
sixty  from  that  of  Rustintun[e]  similarly ;  forty  from  that  of 
Fordes  similarly. 

Hiis  testibus  :  Ricardo  thesaurario ;  magistro  Silvestro  archi- 
diacono;  magistro  Radulfo  de  Fordes;  magistro  Willelmo  de 
Kainesham,  canonicis  Cicestrie ;  Roberto  de  Lond[onia]capellano; 
Stepliano  et  David  clericis,  et  aliis  multis. 

[?  1190.]  696.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.      He  has 

26  June.        taken  under  his  protection  the  abbey  of  Aumaresches,  its  nuns 

(Original  in  archives,  and  its  possessions.     They  are  therefore  to  be  guarded  as  his 

Fragment  of  seal.     „   ,„  „,„     „ ,  „  "  ° 

Tranf.  Vol.  I.  p.  2.)  OWn  etc.,  etC. 

Teste  me  ipso  xxvj.  die  Junii,  apud  Chinon. 


247 

ABBEY   OF  ST.  MARY,  LONLAY, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE    OP    LE     MANS. 

[Cartulary}] 


[1156-1159.]        697.  Writ  of  Henry  II.  as  king  etc.,  and  count  of  Mortain 
(Cartulary  of  Loniay.  addressed  to  his  barons,  officers,  and  foresters.   They  are  to  allow 
^"^To  93°^  ^^®  abbey  of  Loniay  to  enjoy  all  its  privileges  in  his  dominions, 

and  especially  in  his^  forest  of  La-Lande-Pourrie  (Landa 
Putrida)  as  in  the  time  of  king  Henry  his  grandfather.  No 
one  is  to  wrong  the  abbey,  or  exact  fresh  dues  from  it,  or 
diminish  its  rights. 

Teste  Ricardo  de  Lucy,  apud  Lyons. 

[1171,  Aug.]        698.  Charter  of  Henry  II.  addressed  generally.    He  grants  to 

(Cartulary  of  Loniay.  the   abbey   of   Lonlay   and    its  monks  quittance  of   all  dues, 

^f°^90^  ^^     throughout  his  dominions  and  the  seaports,  on  all  that  their 

men  can  declare  to  be  intended  for  their  food  or  clothing.     Ten 

pounds  penalty  for  infringement. 

Test[ibus]^  (Johanne  ?)  de  Oxentfort;  Eicardo  de  Can  villa* ; 
Symone  de  Tomebu.     Apud  Motam  de  Ger. 

[1183-8.]  699.  Writ -of  Henry  II.  addressed  to  all  bailiffs  in   whose 

(Cartulary  of  Loniay.  bailiwicks  the  monks  of  Loniay  hold  lands.     They  are  to  enjoy 
^'^^"^■gT"''^^'     all  their  accustomed  rights,  and  no  one  is  to  do  them  wrong. 
^  Teste  W[illelmo]  clerico  de  camera,^  apud  Domfront. 

[1190,  24)  June.]      700.  Charter  of  Richard  I.  addressed  generally.     He   has 

(Cartulary  of  Loniay.  taken  under  his  protection  the  abbey  of  Loniay  and  everything 

''^^f'^  94°'!  ^^      belonging  to  it ;  and  it  is  therefore  to   be  guarded  like  his  own 

demesne.     Any  wrong  done  to  it  is  to  be  promptly  amended.    It 

^  M.  D'Anisy  did  not  mention  where  this  Cartulary  was  preserved,  and  its  present 
deposit  is  unknown.  These  Transcripts  [1836]  are  helieved  to  represent  the  latest 
reference  to  its  existence.  Although  the  abbey  was  in  the  diocese  of  Le  Mans,  its 
original  documents  are  preserved  in  the  archives  of  the  Orne.  They  are  few  and 
unimportant. 

2  The  writ  changes  here  to  the  plural  style,  and,  as  the  forest  in  question  seeml» 
to  have  belonged  to  the  count  of  Mortain,  it  would  appear  that  the  king  here 
associated  the  count  with  himself.  In  that  case  the  writ  must  be  previous  to  the 
death  of  count  William  [1159]. 

3  Trans.  .  "  Teste  de  Oxentford."  *  Trans. .  "  Cauvilla." 

*  Trans,  :  "  Cam'." 


248  ABBEY  OF  LONLAY. 

[1190.] 

is  to  enjoy  all  the  privileges  it  was  entitled  to  in  his  father's 
time,  and  in  that  of  his  other  predecessors,  as  ascertained  in  the 
assize  of  the  king  his  father  at  Domfront.  It  is  not  to  be 
impleaded  for  any  of  its  holdings  except  before  himself,  or 
before  his  chief  justice  while  he  is  in  the  service  of  God  on 
crusade  (in  itinere  Hierosolimitano). 

Teste  me  ipso  apud  Turonum,  vicesimo  quarte  die  Junii. 


249 


ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL, 

FOR  BENEDICTINE  MONKS, 

IN  THE 

DIOCESE     OP    AVRANCHES. 

[^Original  Charters  in  Archives  of  La  Manche}  and  in  private 
hands ;  Cartulary  in  Public  Library  of  Avranches,  No.  210.^] 


[i024-6.]  701.  Charter   of    Richard   [II.]    duke    and    prince   of   the 

(Cartulary,  fo.  21.'  Normans.  Seeking  to  escape  the  pains  of  hell  and  obtain  the 
"^^o  J\h^^  j°y^  °^  paradise,  after  the  death  of  his  body,  he  delivers  to 
Mout  St.  Michel,  and  the  brethren  there  serving  God  as  monks 
a  certain  vill  of  his  own  alod  (alodii)  in  the  Bessin,  Versuin 
by  name,  with  all  its  lands  cultivated  or  not,  and  all  the  mills, 
with  meadows  and  woods.  This  he  does  for  the  redemption  of 
his  soul  and  those  of  his  father  and  mother,  his  wife  and  his 
sons.  Curses  on  those  who  violate  this  testimony  of  his,  gift 
(hujus  donationis  testamentuTn). 

[Signa]  Eichardi  magni  comitis  ;  Richardi  filii  ejus ;  Rotberti 
filii  ejus ;  Willelmi ;  Gonnor  matris  comitis ;  Papie  uxoris 
comitis ;  Rotberti  archiepiscopi ;  Hugonis  Baiocensis  episcopi  ; 
Hugonis  Ebroicensis  episcopi ;  Maugisi  Abrincatensis  episcopi. 

[?  1026.]  702,    Charter    of   Richard   [II.]   duke   and   prince   of    the 

(Original  in  archives."  Normans.      Seeking  to  escape  the  pains  of  hell,  and  obtain  the 

^Tm^'^oI.' IL    3°y^  °^  paradise,  after  the  death  of  his  body,  he  delivers  to 

fo.  209.)         Mont  St.  Michel,  and  the  brethren  there  serving  God  as  monks, 

the  abbey  of  St.  Pair  (Sanctus  Paternus)  in  the  C6tentin  etc. 

etc.  (lands  in  Normandy  specified)  and  the  land  of  Peter  the 

monk  in  the  island  of  Gersoi,     .     .     .     also  a  certain  vill  in  the 

Bessin,  Versum  by  name     ....     Moreover  he  confirms  his 

mother's  gift  of  Britavilla,  of  which  she  made  offering  to  Mont 

St.  Michel  for  her  weal  and  that  of  his  father  and  of  himself 

and  his  brothers,  and  which  was  of  her  dower 

(privileges  of  the  abbey  defined).  All  this  he  delivers  to  God 
and  St  Michael  for  the  redemption  of  his  soul,  for  the  weal  of 
[those  of]  his  father,  mother,  and  wife,  his  son  Richard  and  his 
other  sons,  by  whose  consent  etc.  [as  in  Gonnor's  charter]. 

'  These  have  not  yet  been  calendared  in  France ;  but  Mons.  Dolbet,  Archiriste 
of  La  Manche,  has  been  good  enough  to  ascertain  which  of  the  original  charters 
are  still  in  his  Archives  and  to  collate  the  attestations. 

2  The  earlier  portion  of  this  fine  cartulary  was  compiled  about  the  middle  of  the 
12th  century.     It  closes  on  fo.  112. 

'  The  modem  numbering  has  been  adopted. 

••  Now  only  a  vidimus  by  the  king  of  France  in  December  ]  334. 


250  ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL. 

[?  1026. 

[Signa]  Eichardi  comitis ;  Eiehardi  filii  ejus  ;  Eotberti  filii 
ejus.  Ego  Maugisus  sancte  Abrincatensis  ecclesie  episcopus 
hanc  donationis  cartulam  manu  propria  voluntarie  confirmo. 
T[estes]  Eotbertus  archiepiscopus ;  Hugo  episcopus  Ebroicensis ; 
Herbertus  episcopus  Luxoviensis ;  Niellus  vicecomes ;  Tursten 
vicecomes  ;  Alveredus  vicecomes  ;  Walterius  vicecomes  ; 
Eichardus  vicecomes;  Guimundus  vicecomes;  Huberfcus;  Os- 
bernus[?]  frater  comitisse ;  Hunfredus  frater  ejus ;  Eoscelinus ; 
Normannus  Silveron^ ;  Bernardus  filius  ejus;  Osbemus  filius 
Arfast ;  Eanulfus  frater  ejus;  Hugo  clericus,  et  multi  alii. 

[N.  D.]  703.  Charter  of  Gonnor  [relict  of  Duke  Eichard].     In  fear 

(Cartulary ,2  to.  24.  for  the  greatness  of  her  crimes,  and  desiring  the  joy  of  life  in 
'^''To.ndO  "■  heaven,  she  delivers  to  Mont  St.  Michel  and  the  brethren  there 
serving  God,  as  their  possession  for  ever,  two  alods  (aloda), 
namely  Britavilla  and  Domjean  {donnwm?  Johannem)  which, 
her  husband  count  Eichard,  of  blessed  memory,  had  given  her, 
with  more  [estates],  in  dower ;  [and  this  she  does]  chiefly  for  the 
good  of  his  soul,  and  then  for  the  weal  of  her  own  soul  and 
body,  and  then  for  the  weal  of  her  sons  count  Eichard,  arch- 
bishop Eobert,  and  others,  who  give  their  consent  .... 
These  alods  she  bestows  on  the  abbey,  [calling]  Christ  and  the 
whole  church  to  witness,  with  [their]  lands,  cultivated  or  not, 
churches,  mills,  meadows,  and  all  appurtenances,  and  with  all 
the  rents  and  dues  which  she  has  possessed  there  to  that  day, 
to  hold  free  of  claim  or  question  from  any  of  her  successors, 
relatives  or  any  one  else.  Curses  on  those  who  infringe  the 
gift. 

[Signa]  Eotberti  archiepiscopi ;  Maalgerii ;  Eotberti* ;  Hugonis 
Constanciensis  episcopi ;  Hugonis  Baiocensis  episcopi ;  Hugonis 
Sais  episcopi ;  Eogeri  episcopi ;  Norgoti  episcopi ;  Heldeberti 
abbatis  ;  Willelmi  abbatis ;  Uspac  abbatis ;  Willelmi  Laici^ ; 
[Signa]  Eotberti  comitis ;  Godefridi ;  Willelmi ;  Eadulfi ; 
Tursteni :  Tescelini  vicecomitis ;  Herluini ;  Anschetil  vice- 
comitis ;  Willelmi  filii  Tursteni ;  Hugonis  Laici ;  Gerardi ; 
Osmundi  clerici  ;  Gauf ridi  ;  Arfast ;  Nielli^  ;  Guimundi  ; 
Anschitilli ;  Milonis ;  Eainaldi ;  Odonis ;  Eannulfi. 

[1028-1034.]        704.  Charter  of    count  Eotbert,  son  of  Eichard  the  Great 

(Original  in  archives,  duke  and  prince    of  the  Normans,   restoring    to  St.   Michael 

''""'^f ^' Xn')^^'     hi^  altar,  with  the  whole  monastery,  for  the  monks  to  enjoy 

.     '      '  all  the  offerings  made  there  by  God's  faithful  people,  for  the 

profit  of  the  place,  that  it  may  never  more  be  in  the  custody  of 

[any]  clerks  or  laymen,  but  of  the  abbot  of  monks.     And  this 

1  Punctuation  of  Transcript  wrong  here. 
2  Also  a  vidimus  of  1334  in  the  Archives.  In  the  Cartulary,  this  charter  is 
preceded  by  a  representation  of  Gonnor  granting  hers  to  the  abbot  and  monks, 
and  followed  by  one  [in  two  compartments]  of  the  death  of  Eichard,  in  which  the 
monks  are  seen  placing  the  gift  on  the  altar  for  him,  "  per  brachium  sanctl 
Autberti "  (as  another  charter  expresses  it)  apparently.  These  drawings  are  copied 
in  d'Anisy's  Transcript.  The  original  charter  of  Eichard  is  headed  :  "  Carta  quam 
"  comes  Eichardus  fecit  Sancto  Miohaeli  ante  obitum  suum  Fiscanno." 

"  Trans.  :   "  donum."  ■*  Omitted  in  Transcript. 

5  Cart.  :  "  Willelmi  laici  "  «  Trans.  :  "  Melli." 


ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL. 


251 


[1028-1034.] 

he  does  for  the  good  of  the  ^ouls  of  his  relatives,  of  his  father 
and  mother,  his  brothers  and  sisters,  and  his  own.  Curses  on 
violators  of  the  charter.  He,  by  the  grace  of  God,  duke  of 
the  Normans,  confirms  the  gift,  making,  with  his  own  hand, 
the  sign  of  the  cross,  and  causes  it  to  be  confirmed  by  the 
witness  of  these  his  lieges  : — 

Hugo  Baiocensis  episcopus  ;  HerbertuS  Lesvicacensis  epis- 
copus ;  Hugo  Abrincatensis  episcopus ;  Johannes  Fiscanensis 
abba  (sic)  ;  Gislebertus  filius  Godefridi  comitis ;  Anschitillus 
Baiocensis  vicecomes ;  Hugo  vicecomes  filius  Turstingi ;  Kicardus 
de  Crolei ;  Rodulfus  Taisson  et  frater  ejus  Ernis ;  Osbertus 
filius  Erfasti ;  Nigellus  vicecomes ;  Falco  filius  Gerardi  ; 
Eabel ;  Willelmus  filius  Turstingi,  et  alii  quam  plures.  Suppo 
monachus,  Jozelinus  monachus.^ 

[1028-1034.]  705.  Charter  of  Eoberfc,  duke  and  prince  of  the  Normans, 
(Original  in  archives,  son  of  Kichard  the  great,  confirming  to  the  abbey  of  Mont 
""'  "  "  ""  St.  Michel,  the  gifts  of  his  predecessors,  and  granting  them,  of 
his  own  substance,  the  following :  half  the  island  of  Greveroy 
absolutely,  and  from  the  other  half,  held  in  benejicio  by  Nigel, 
all  the  dues  reserved  to  his  own  use,  namely  melagium,  and 
all  others  ;  also,  in  the  Avranchin,  St.  Jean  on  the  sea  with  all 
its  appurtenances  [specified] ;  and  there  also,  all  his  rights  in 
the  town  of  Bevron,  with  eight  mills  etc.,  etc. ;  further,  in 
the  Bessin,  five  mills  and  a  church  in  Versun  on  the  (Dldun. 
These  gifts  they  are  to  hold  for  ever  as  belonging  to  his  demesne 
(Jtscum,  cUmhinicum). 

[Signa]  Rotberti  archiepiscopi ;  Herbert!  episcopi ;  Hugonis 
episcopi ;  Hugonis  Ebrocacensis  episcopi ;  Ego  Rotbertus 
princeps  Norhmannorum  gracia  Dei  dux,  banc  donationem 
manu  propria  corroboravi,  et  meis  fidelibus  corroborandam 
tradidi ;  [Signa]  Rogerii  filius  (sic)  Hugonis ;  Rotberti  pincerna 
(sic) ;  Nigelli  vicecomitis  ;  Nigelli  filii  ejus ;  Goifredi  Farself  vice- 
comitis ;  Aymonis  vicecomitis  ;  Hugonis  vicecomitis  ;  Rogeri 
filii  Eodulfi ;  Turstingi  vicecomitis ;  [Gozilini  vicecomitis  ; 
Rodulfi  vicecomitis  ;  Turoldi  constabili^].^ 


Cartulary,  fo.  26. 

Trans.  Vol.  11. 

fo.  225.) 


[Oi/rc.  1042.] 

(On  same  charter 

as  preceding. 

Cartulary,  29d.) 


706.  Charter  of  William  count  of  the  Normans,  son  of  count 
Robert.  He  grants  to  St.  Michael  and  his  servants  his  islands  of 
Serch  and  Aurrene^  [in  exchange]  for  the  other  half  of  Grenere,* 
which  his  father  count  Robert  had  given  them  for  his  soul, 
and  which  he  [William]  has  restored  to  Eanulf  son  of  Anschitil. 

Testes  donationis  :  Willelmi  filii  Rotberti  comitis ;  Hugo  epis- 
copus Abricensis ;  WiUelmus  filius  Villelmi ;  Niellus  juvenis  ; 
Haduiardus^  Rex ;  Hunfredus  Namo ;  Willelmus  filius  Rainoldi ; 
Rogerius  filius  Hunfredi ;  Loffredus  vicecomes  ;  Hugo  filius 
Huberti ;  Hunfredus  parvus. 

'  Slight  inaccnracies  in  the  attestations  as  given  in  Transcript. 
2  The  Cartulary  omits  the  names  within  the  brackets. 
'  Sic  in  Cartulary ;  "  Sercam  et  Arenon  "  in  original ;  Trans.  :   "  Arrenon." 

*  Sic  in  Cartulary  ;  "  Guerneroy  "  in  Transcript. 
5  "  Eadwardus  "  in  Transcript ;  "  Hatuardus  "  in  Cartulary.  M.  Dehsle  iHistoire 
du  Chateau  et  des  sires  de  St.  Sauveur.    Preuves,  p.  1 9)  reads  "  Hatuardus  "  from 
the  Cartulary. 


252 


ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL. 


[N.  D.]  707.  Charter  of  Kestald  formerly  ship-master  of  Rotbert 

(Cartulary,  fo.  55d.  count  of  Normandy,  on  receiving  at  length  the  long-desired 
Trans.  Vol.  II.  i      ^  ,         rrVi.         -j  .      ■  •Taxx.i. 

fo.  230.)         garb  or  a  monk.     The  said  most  pious  prince  Kotbert,  approving 

what  he  has  done,  has  given  him  a  small  island,  called  Keite- 
hulm'  as  a  possession  for  ever.  This,  with  all  he  has  acquired 
or  possesses,  he  gives,  after  his  death,  to  St.  Michael  and  the 
brethren  serving  him,  to  be  their  inheritance,  on  condition  that 
he  is  made  a  partaker  in  all  their  almsgiving  and  good  deeds, 
and  is  enrolled  as  their  brother  and  fellow  for  ever. 


[N.  D.]  708.  Charter   of     Edward    [the     Confessor]    king  of    the 

(Cartulary,  fo.  32d.)  English,  granting  to  the  abbey  St.  Michael's  Mount,  Cornwall, 
'^''To''23i!'  "■     etc.     Printed  in  Monasticon  Ang.  VI.  989 ;  Codex  Dip.  IV.  251 
(but  with  witnesses  in  different  order). 

[Signa]  Regis  Edwardi^ ;  Rotberti  comitis  ;  Rabel ;  Rotberti 
Rothomagensis ;  Herberti  Luxoviensis  episcopi ;  Rotberti  epis- 
copi  Constanciensis  ;  Uufredi ;  Nigelli  vicecoraitis ;  Anschitilli ; 
Radulfi ;  Chosehet ;  Turstini. 

[Give.  1050.]        709.  Charter  of  WilUam,  duke  and  prince  of  the  Normans, 
(Cartulary,  fo.  30.   permitting  the  gift  of  La  Croix  (wctts  Crucis)  with  its  appur- 
^'fo!'23i!)"'      tenances  [specified]  to  Mont  St.  Michel  by  Adelelm  a  knight, 
who  had  received  it  in  fee  (heneficium)  from  duke  Robert. 

Nomina  testium :  Ego  Willelmus  Dei  gracia  Normannorum 
dux  et  princeps  banc  donationis  cartulam  propria  manu  corro- 
boravi  et  meis  episcopis  ac  primatibus  corroborandam  tradidi. 
[Signa]  Adelelmi  militis  hujus  donationis  largitor  et  auctor; 
Beatricis  uxoris  ejus ;  Rotberti  filii  ejus.  Ego  Hugo  Abrinca- 
censis  episcopus  manu  propria  firmo.  [Signa]  Malgeri  archie- 
piscopi ;  Hugonis  Ebrocacensis  episcopi ;  Hugonis  Luxoviensis 
episcopi ;  Nielli  vicecomitis. ;  Willelmi  filii  Willelmi  comitis  ; 
Robert!  pincerne ;  Ricardi  vicecomitis ;  Willelmi  fratris  ejus ; 
Hamonis  vicecomitis ;  Radulfi  [Taisson]  :  fratris  ejus  Hernisi" ; 
Gaufridi  vicecomitis  ;  [Gisleberti  Crispini  ;  fratris  ejus  Willelmi ; 
Hugonis  vicecomitis*  ;]  Turstingi  filii  Rainaldi ;  Guilelmi  fratris 
ejus ;  Turstinci  vicecomitis ;  Hugonis  filii  Huberti ;  Hugonis 
Paisfolet ;  Turstini  Gazel ;  Guidonis  filii  Rainaldi  comitis ; 
Richardi  filii  Turstinci ;  Rotberti  fratris  ejus ;  Ranulfi  filii 
Ascelini. 

[1054.  710.  Charter   of    William   Pichenoht    notifying    that,    on 

Christmas.]      becoming  a  monk  in  the  abbey  of  Mont  St.  Michel,  he  gives  it 
(Originalinarchives.sperella  and  all  its  appurtenances,  the  gift  being  allowed  by 
'^'^'fo!  2T4.)  ^^'     William   count  of  Normandy,  son  of  count  Robert,  and  con- 
firmed by  him  on  Christmas  day  before  the  altar  of  Rouen 
Cathedral,  in  the  sight  and  hearing  of  Malger  archbishop  of 

^  "  Keitehuml  "  in  Cartulary. 
2  Edwabdi  here  in  Cartulary  [and  Edwakdus  in  text  of  doownent].  Trans- 
cript gives  "  Eadwardus  "  and  "  Eadwardi."  M.  Delisle  (ut  supra,  p.  20)  reads 
"Eduardi"  and  "Bduardus"  from  the  Cartulary,  omits  the  bishops  of  Lisieux 
and  Coutances,  and  pronounces  the  charter  suspicious  (Cf.  Freeman's  Norman 
Conquest,  II.  519-520). 

'  "  Ernezii "  in  Transcript. 
''  Transcript  omits  the  names  -within  the  brackets.  »  And  Cartulary,  fo,  3irf. 


ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL. 


253 


[1054.] 


Rouen,  Hugh  bishop  of  Avranches,  Roger  de  Bellomonte,  Rogero 
de  Montgulmerio,  Richard  the  vicomte,  and,  of  St.  Michael's  men, 
Hilger  de  Ardevone,  Thesceliu  his  brother,  Reginald  de  Grandi- 
valle,  and  Ralf  de  Sancto  Johanne.  Count  William  has  made  the 
above  bishops,  before  the  altar,  excommunicate  all  who  should 
infringe  this  gift. 

Anno  ab  incarnatione  domini  mol°iiii°  indictione  septima 
facta  est  hec  donatio.  [Signa]  Willelmi  comitis^ ;  Maalgerii 
archiepiscopi ;  Hugonis  episcopi  Abrincatensis ;  Rogerii  de 
Bellomonte ;  Rogerii  de  Montgulmerio^ ;  Ricardi  vicecomitis ; 
Hilgerii  de  Ardevone  ;  Thescelini  fratris  ejus ;  Raginaldi*  de 
Grandivilla*  :  Radulfi  de  Sancto  Johanna. 


[1061.] 

(Original  [?]  in 
archives  * 

Trans.  Vol.  II. 
fo.  236.) 


711.  Charter  of  William,  by  the  grace  of  God  duke  of  all 
Normandy.  At  the  earnest  request  of  Ranulf  abbot  of  St. 
Michael's  monastery,  he  grants  that  house  (locus)  the  mill  of 
Veim,  which  his  father  Robert  had  given  it,  but  which  abbot 
Suppo  had  wrongfully  sold  to  Ralf  the  moneyer,  the  monks 
opposing  it.  On  Ranulf  succeeding  as  abbot,  it  was  ascertained 
and  decided  in  his  [the  duke's]  court  that  the  mill  ought  to 
belong  to  the  monks  of  St.  Michael.  He  grants,  therefore,  that 
this  mill,  which  is  called  the  count's  mill,  shall  belong  to  St, 
Michael  for  ever,  for  the  sustenance  of  his  monks.  He  appends 
with  his  own  hand,  to  secure  this  gift,  the  sign  of  the  cross. 

[Signa]  Gloriosissimi^  duels  Guillelmi' ;  Mathildis  comitisse  ; 
Maurilii  archiepiscopi  Rothomagensis  ;  Johannis  presulis  Abrin- 
censis ;  Hugonis  presulis  Luxoviensis ;  Rotberti  Bertranni ; 
Stigandi  dapiferi ;  Radulfi  cubicularii ;  Richardi  vicecomitis. 
Hec  carta  facta  est  apud  Rothomagum  anno  dominice  incarna- 
tionis  Millesimo  sexagesimo  primo,  indictione  xiii. 


[N.  D.] 

(Roll  in  archives.^ 
Trans.  Vol.  II. 
fo.  237.) 


712.  Memorandum  concerning  the  mill  which  came  into  pos- 
session of  St.  Michael's  monks,  and  which  John  son  of  Richard 
endeavoured  to  claim,  that  claim  being  disposed  of  by  judgment 
of  the  nobles  of  the  land.  Duke  Robert,  who  had  held  it  in 
demesne,  gave  it,  with  many  other  gifts,  to  the  abbey.  On  his 
death,  returning  from  Jerusalem,  abbot  Suppo  gave  the  mill  to 
Ranulf  the  moneyer,  the  monks  unanimously  opposing  the  gift. 
But  afterwards,  in  the  time  of  abbot  Ranulf,  the  mill  came  to 
Gualeran  son  of  [the  above]  Ranulf,  other  heirs  failing,  and 


'  William's  signum  precedes  "  Anno  "  in  the  Cartulary. 
2  "  demongulmerio  "  in  Cartulary.  ^  "  Eainaldi  "  in  Cartulary. 

*  Trans. :  "  Grandivalle.'' 
5  And  fo.  28  of  Cartulary.    Note  by  M.  Dolbet :  "  Nous  avons  aux  Archives 
I'original  de  la  charte  de  molendino  comitis  avec  laquelle  celle-gi  a  ^te  fabriquee. 
Nous  avons  aussi  cette  charte,  qui  pour  moi  n'est  pas  un  original." 
^  Cartulary  inserts :  "  Normannorum." 

'  Cartulary  here  continues  :  "  Testes  autem  affuerunt  Johannes  presul  Abrin- 
censis ;  Hugo  presul  Luxoviensis ;  Kotbertus  Bertram ;  Eichardus  vioecomes  ; 
Eadulfus  oubicularius ;  Kadulfus  Alius  ejus  ;  et  alii  quam  plurimi." 

8  Note  by  M.  Dolbet :  "  Ces  deux  articles  ont  et6  ^galement  pns  dans  la  charte 
de  molendino  comitis."  The  Cartulary  gives  the  narrative  on  fo.  27d.,  followed  by 
William's  charters  as  duke  on  fo.  28,  and  as  king  on  fo.  29. 


254  ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL. 

[N.  D.] 

was  bought  from  him  at  a  high  price,  before  many  witnesses, 
duke  William  confirming  [the  purchase]  in  the  presence  of  his 
lieges  as  lecited  (in  No.  711  supra). 

[1076.]  Some  fifteen  years,  more  or  less,  later,  when  king  William 

had  ascended  the  throne  of  England,  the  said  John  suddenly 
claimed  the  mill  and  seized  it  without  making  any  proof  of 
his  right,  abbot  Ranulf  vigorously  resisting,  and  informing 
the  king  of  the  wrong  done  to  St.  Michael  and  himself. 
At  length  both  parties  were  summoned  before  the  king's 
court,  in  which  sat  many  of  the  nobles  of  the  land,  of  whom 
Geoffrey  bishop  of  Coutances  was  delegated  by  the  king's 
authority  as  judge  of  the  dispute,  with  Eanulf  the  vicomte, 
Niel  son  of  Niel,  Eobert  de  Vezpunt,  and  many  other  capable 
{ample  opinionis)  judges,  who  diligently  and  fully  examined 
the  origin  of  the  dispute,  and  delivered  judgement  that  the  mill 
ought  to  belong  to  St.  Michael  and  his  monks  for  ever.  The  most 
victorious  king  William  approved  and  confirmed  this  decision 
(diffi,nitionem),comma,nded  that  it  should  be  set  forth  in  writing, 
and  gave  it  validity  for  ever  by  these  words,  affixing  his  sign : 
"  I,  William,  by  the  grace  of  God,  king  of  the  English  and 
"  prince  of  the  Normans,  confirm  by  this  sign  of  the  holy  cross, 
"  the  decree  of  my  above-named  nobles  that  the  count's  mill, 
"  which  abbot  Eanulf  redeemed,  with  my  approval,  from 
"  Gualeran,  should  belong  for  ever  to  St.  Michael  for  the  suste- 
"  nance  of  his  monks.  And  none  of  my  successors  nor  any 
"  abbot  nor  monk  of  the  Mount  shall  have  power  to  alter  this 
"  which  has  been  settled  by  me  and  mine." 

[Signa]  victoriossimi  regis  Guillelmi;  nobilissime  Mathildis 
regine. 

1066  [?].^  713.  Charter  of  Gerbert  de  Poterel,  notifying  that,  brought 

(Cartulary,  fo.  82.)  down  by  poverty,  he  has  by  the  inspiration  of  God  requested 
abbot  Eanulf  to  receive  Drogo,  a  son  of  his,  as  a  monk,  with 
half  hi's  land  of  Poterel,  which  he  held  of  the  abbot  in  free 
service  (liberali  servitio)  to  which  the  abbot  has  assented.  The 
abbot  afterwards  bought  the  other  half  from  a  certain  Eoger 
for  two  pounds  in  money  of  Le  Mans,  in  the  sight  and  hearing 

of  many  etc The  abbot,  treating  the  land  as 

demesne,  made  of  it  a  farm  (medietariam)  for  the  use  of  the 
abbey.  One  day,  long  afterwards,  the  above  Eoger  came  across 
the  swine  of  St.  Michael  and  wickedly  killed  the  swineherd 
(subulcv/m)  at  the  instigation  of  the  devil.  Abbot  Eanulf 
instantly  appealed  to  the  count  of  Normandy,  who  straightway 
banished  Eoger  from  Normandy.  Eoger,  after  some  time 
unable '  to  bear  exile,  repeatedly  begged  and  implored  the  abbot 
to  make  his  peace  with  the  duke  and  allow  him  to  be  reconciled, 
on  condition  of  his  abjuring  (forsjuraret)  the  land  of  Poterel,  for 

^  Eobert  did  not  become  bishop  of  S&es,  it  seems,  till  10.70,  when  John  bishop 
of  Avranohes  was  dead.  His  name,  therefore,  throws  some  doubt  on  the  charter. 
Yet  the  epact  and  concurrent  point  to  the  early  part  of  1166,  so  that  Robert  may 
be  a  scribe's  error. 


ABBEY  OP  MONT  ST.  MICHEL.  255 

1066  [■?]. 

himself  and  his  heirs  for  ever,  before  the  duke  and  his  nobles 
{proceribus).  The  abbot  long  refused  to  listen,  but  urged  at 
length  by  the  counsel  of  the  monks  and  of  the  barons  of  the 
abbey  (ecclesie),  he  met  him  in  the  presence  of  duke  William 
on  a  fixed  and  appointed  day.  The  agreement  was  there  re- 
corded (recordato)  and  mutually  granted  and  confirmed  before 
the  duke,  etc. 

[Signa]  Guillelmi  gloriosissimi  principis  Normanni ;  Eotberti 
filii  ejus ;  Guillelmi  filii  ejus ;  Mathildis  uxoris  ejus ;  Eotberti 
Sagiensis  episcopi ;  Johannis  Abrincensis  episcopi ;  Rogerii  de 
Monte  Gomeri ;  Rogerii  de  Bello  Monte ;  Richardi  proconsuHs ; 
Turgisi  de  Tracei ;  Gaufredi  de  Sai ;  Radulfo  de  Sancto 
Johanne  ;  Hamonis  de  Bacilleio ;  Hugonis  propositi  de  Genecio ; 
Morini  pistoris ;  Ilgerii  prepositi  de  Ardevone.  Acta  sunt  hec 
apud  Bonamvillam  eo  anno  quo  gloriosus  Guillelmus  princeps 
Normannie  mare  transmeavit  Angliamque  sibi,  Deo  comitante, 
subjugavit  anno  ab  incarnatione  Domini  molxvi.  Epacta  xxij. 
Concurrente  vj. 

[1070-1081.]  714.  Recital  (Hcec  [sic]  carta  narrat)  of  the  agreement 
(.Cartular)',  fo.  95.)  made  at  Bayeux,  before  the  queen,  between  the  abbot  of  Mont 
St.  Michel  and  William  Paynel  {Paganellum).  If  William  has 
to  fight  (habet  guerram)  for  that  land  which  the  king 
of  the  English  gave  him  (sibi)  with  his  wife,  the  agreement 
is  that  Hugh  de  Bricavilla  shall  do  him,  for  forty  days, 
[service]  of  ward  or  custody  (de  guarda  vel  custodia)  with  six 
other  horsemen  at  his  own  cost  (sese  septimuTn  de  caballaribus 
ad  suum  cibum).  And  Hugh's  nephew  (nepos)  shall  do  like- 
wise if  he  shall  hold  that  land  "  in  parage,"  according  to  what 
he  holds.  Again,  if  William  shall  summon  that  Hugh,  he 
shall  have  him,  with  two  knights,  in  his  company  (familia),  at 
his  own  cost,  or  his  son,  if  he  shall  be  free  from  the  abbot's 
summons.  Nor  shall  the  abbot  always  prevent  William  from 
having  this.^  And  he  shall  so  (ita)  have  in  his  company 
Hugh's  nephew  and  Robert  de  Cantelupe  and  William  Becheth 
and  the  man  (ilium)  who  shall  hold  the  honour  of  Scollant. 
And  if  he  [William]  shall  hold  a  plea  (vindictam  seu  placitum) 
he  shall  have  for  constituting  his  court  (ad  faciendum)  the 
men  he  holds  of  St.  Michael,  so  that  they  be  at  their  own 
homes  (dom,os)  by  evening.  And  if  they  are  in  default  to  him 
for  the  services  here  defined  (divisa)  they  shall  make  him 
amends  XrectuTn  sibi  facient)  at  a  manor  (m,ansionum,)  he  holds 
of  St.  Michael.  From  the  land  he  holds  of  St.  Michael  he  shall 
receive  aid  for  the  [redemption  from]  capture  of  his  body,  or 
for  [the  redemption]  of  his  land,  if  he  forfeit  it  to  the  king  or 
the  abbot,-or  for  [his]  son  by  this  (hujus)  woman,  should  he  be 
captured  in  the  service  of  the  king  or  of  the  abbot,  of  whom  is 
[held]  the  &e{  (fedus),  or  for  the  marriage  of  one  daughter  only 
by  this  (hoc)  woman.     It  is  agreed  that  William  Paginellus 

.'  Sense  of  this  clause  obscure. 


256  ABBEY  OF  MOXT  ST  MICHEL. 

[1070-1081.] 

sball,  in  the  land  he  holds  of  the  abbot  appoint  one  man  to 
whom  the  abbot  shall  send  for  the  summonses  which  he  has  [a 
right]  to  make  in  the  land  that  William  holds  of  him.  If  the 
summonses  are  duly  made,  and  he  who  has  notice  does  not 
come,  the  abbot  shall  receive  the  penalty  (forisfacturam,); 
but  if  the  summoner  omit  to  make  the  summons,  he  shall  pay 
eighteen  shillings  to  the  abbot,  who  shall  thenceforth  make  the 
summons  by  a  messenger  of  his  own.  It  is  agreed  that  William 
Paginellus  shall  yearly  receive  twelve  oaks,  chosen  by  himself 
(ad  suuTTi  cois)  in  the  wood  of  Longueville  (longa  villa)  as  far 
as  the  water  called  Ars,  and  he  shall  not  have  more  than 
twelve,  except  by  the  abbot's  consent  (per  abbatem).  It  is 
agreed  that  the  abbot  shall  give  him  yearly  provision  (proven- 
dariv/ni)  of  wax,  or  twenty  shillings ;  and  it  is  in  the  abbot's 
choice  {cois)  to  give  him  which  he  prefers ;  and  this  [is]  for  the 
reliefs  (relevationibus)  of  Cantelupe  and  for  the  pasture  of 
Lalande,  if  the  men  of  Cantelupe  can  prove  their  right  to  it 
(illam  de  raisneer)  in  the  court  of  William  Paginellus  of 
Lanidande  which  William  Paginellus  claims  in  fee  {interrogat 
in  fedo).  When  it  comes  in  Mont  St.  MicheP  it  is  respited  {in 
respectu)  until  [it  comes]  before  the  king.  It  is  agreed,  con- 
cerning the  seven  peers  {paribus)  of  the  honour  which  William 
Paginellus  holds  of  the  abbot,  that  he  shall  summon  them  in 
his  [own]  court.  If  they  are  willing  to  go  {ambulare)  of  their 
own  accord,  they  shall  go  if  they  are  free  from  the  service  of 
the  abbot.  If  they  are  unwilling  to  go  (ire),  William  Paginellus 
;  must  prove  {de  raisneer)  this  in  the  abbot's  court  by  tenants  of 

the  honour  which  he  received  with  his  wife,  who  have  seen 
them  in  his  service  by  the  custom  due  from  their  predecessors 
{consuetudinem  antecessorum  suorum). 

Hujus  cause  testes  existunt :  presul  Abrincensis  Michael ; 
episcopus  Sagiensis  Eobertus ;  Rogerius  de  Montegomeri ; 
Richardus  proconsul ;  Rogerius  de  Bellomonte ;  Hubertus  de 
Eia ;  Unfredus  de  Bohon ;  Hubertus  de  Porfcu ;  Turgisus  de 
Tracei ;    Alvredus  Malbedenc ;    Gauf redus  de  Sai. 

[?]  1085.  715.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Mortain  giving  St.  Michael's 

(Original  [?]  in    Mount,  Cornwall  to  Mont  St.  Michel.     Printed  in  Monasticon 
Tra^  n.'2i2.)     ^'r^HoanvMi  VI.«  989. 

[1087-1091.]        716.  Charter  of  Robert  count  of  Mortain  and  Almodis  his 

(Original  in  archives.'' wife.     They  give  to  St.  Michael  and  the  monks  Luduhanum^  a 

^■^^Ins^VoLlL'    '"^'^o^  o*  Richard  son   of  Turulf,  near   the  Mount,  and  the 

fo.'243.)  holding  of  Bloicus  in  the  manor  of  Trevhalum,^  and  both  the 

1  Sense  here  most  ohscure.  2  And  Cartulary,  fo.  33. 

•'  The  place  names  are  given  in  the  Cartulary  as  Travelaboth,  Lismanaoch 
Treguauers,  and  Carmailoc,  all  described  as  "in  amaneck."  These  should  be 
compared  with  the  forms  in  No.  729,  infra. 

*  No  longer  there  now. 
•    Cart. :  «  Ludahanum."     Cf.  Domesday  1226  (2)  :  "  Idem  (Eicardus)  tenet 
Luduha[n]." 

«  Cart.  :  "  Treiuhalo."     Cf.  D.B.,  125o  :  "  Blohin  tenet  Trevtha]  " 


ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL.        257 


[1087-1091.] 

fairs  of  the  Mount.  The  count  gives  this  to  God  and  St. 
Michael  for  the  soul  of  William  king  of  the  English  and  for  the 
soul  of  king  William  his  son,  and  for  his  own  soul  and  that  of 
his  deceased  wife  Mathildis  and  for  his  living  one  Almodis,  and 
for  their  boys.  This  oifering  (caritas)  is  allowed  by  Kobert  his 
son,  by  the  countess  Almodis ;  and  William  his  other  sou  has 
promised  (concessit)  to  grant  it  if  Almodis  should  leave  no  heir 
and  the  land  should  thus  return  (reveniret)  to  him  (William). 

Istius  caritatis  istiusque  conventionis  existunt  testes,  a  parte 
comitis :  Ranulfus  Avenel,  et  Rotbertus  Guauterides,  et  Robertus 
Giroldi  filius,  et  Herveus  Avenel,  et  Ricardus  dapifer ;  et  ex 
parte  sancti  Michaelis :  Albertus  monachus,  et  Rainfredus  de 
Say^  monachus  et  Ligierius^  prepositus,  et  Rogerus  de  Ardevone, 
et  Guido  de  Monte,  De  conventione  ista  et  caritate  fecit 
Rogerus  abbas  et  monachi  caritatem  comiti  Ix^^  librarum 
Cenomanensium,^ 

1088.  717.  Charter   of    Robert   duke    of    the   Normans,   son   of 

(Original  in  private  William,  most  glorJous  king  of  the  English.     For  the  weal  of 

"^  Camfe,^fo.^80rf.'  'lis  soul  and  those  of  his  father  and  mother  and  all  his  prede- 

Trans.  Vol.  II.      cessors,  he  grants  to  Mont  St.  Michel — and  for  the  soul  of  his 

fo.  246.)  brother  Henry* — that  a  market  be  held  for  ever  in  the  vill  called 

Ardevon ;  and  a  fair,  annually  in  the  same  vill,  on  the  Nativity 

of  the  Virgin  ;  and  in  Rouen,  land  for  building  a  house  thereon. 

This  gift  was  made  in  the   year  1088,  the   worshipful   and 

strenuous  Robert  being  abbot  of  Mont  St.  Michel. 

[Signa]  Rotberti  comitis  (Normannie)  ;  R[otberti]  comitis  de 
Mellent ;  Simonis  de  Gymilleio^ ;  W[illelmi]  de  BretuiP ; 
R[oberti^]  vicecomitis ;  W[illelmi*]  de  Tornebu ;  Pagani  de 
Vilers ;  R[adu]fi]  Paganelli ;  R[oberti'']  filii  Anschetilli ; 
W[illelmi*]  monachi  de  Archis  ;  Alberici  de  Cuceio  ;  R.  capellani 
Roberti  comitis.® 

[?  1085-1087.]  718.  Charter  of  William  (Wilgelmus)  son  of  Hugh  de 
(OriginalinarciuTes."'Silliaco.  For  forgiveness  of  all  the  misdeeds  of  himself,  his 
'^'X'sTtV^  predecessors  and  his  successors,  he  grants  in  the  time  of  William 
(Wilgelmi)  king  of  the  English,  of  Hoel  bishop  of  Le  Mans,  of 
Ubert  the  vicomte  and  of  Geoffrey  de  Mayenne  (Mahena),  to 
the  monks  of  St.  Michael,  for  the  brotherhood  and  the  prayers 
of  St.  Michael  and  the  monks  his  servants,  all  the  dues  on  his 
land  of  the  monks'  demesne  [to  be  enjoyed]  as  their  own  in 
peace,  Ralf  the  monk  and  Andrew  receiving  them,  on  behalf  of 
that  house  with  a  green  branch  of  thorn  {cum  spine  viridi 
ramo),  Oldeburga  {sic)  allowing  the  gift  on  behalf  of  {loco)  his 
other  sons  and  accepting  the  benefits  [of  brotherhood]  for  them. 

•  Cart.:  "Sai."  2  ?  Hgerius. 

'  The  Cartulary  adds  :  "Hoc  facfam  fuitvivente  Eotberto comite  Normannie  et 
Willelmo  rege  Anglorum,  regis  Willelmi  filio  "  (which  is  obvious). 
*  Clause  so  placed  in  original. 
°  "  Chymilleio  "  in  Cartulary.  "  "  Guillelmi  de  Bretuil "  in  Cartulary. 

7  "  Eotberti "  in  Cartulary.  s  «  Guillelmi "  in  Cartulary. 

'  "  Comitis  Eotberti,  comitis  Normannie  "  in  Cartulary. 
'»  And  Cartulary  fo.  78rf. 

e    92684.  B 


258  ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL. 

[?  1085-1087.] 

Testimonio  WilleJmi  de  Yernico,  et  Amelini  forestarii,  et 
Berardi  de  Silliaco ;  Warini  filii  Rogeri ;  Radulfi  de  Dolieta ; 
Erberti  de  Orca ;  Thebaldi  capellani ;  Droconi[s]  de  Sancto 
Christoforo ;  Fulconi[s]  Droardi,  etc. 

1110.  719.  Charter  of   William  de  Tracy.     On  account   of   the 

(9"f™'''  ^°  •     greatness  of  his  misdeeds,  and  for  the  salvation  and  good  of  his 

TraS.^Vol.^lL°°  ^^^^   ^°*^  ^-^^  souls  of   his  predccessors,  he   has  assumed  the 

fo.  248.)  Benedictine  garb  at  Mont  St.  Michel,  by  the  favour  of  God  and 

by  permission  of  the  convent.     And  for  this  he  has  granted  to 

God  and  St.  Michael  and  the  monks  the  tithe  of  his  mills  at 

Montpin9on  and  of  his  wood  at  Lucerne  and  of  a  mill  which 

was  in  the  vill,  and  of  the  mill  of  Champr^pus  (Campus  Repus), 

and  of  his  mills  at  St.  Vigor ;  and   the  church   of  Argouges 

(Argoge)  with  all  its  tithe,  and  the  tithe  of  the  mill  there. 

Hujus  rei  ex  parte  ipsius  Guillelmi  de  Traceio  testes  fuerunt : 
Turgisius  episcopus  Abrincensis  ;  Othoer  de  Soligneio ;  Radulfus 
de  Nevilla;  Radulfus  Barbort.  Ex  parte  vero  monachorum: 
Rogerus  Bec-de-fert ;  Gislebertus  Bella-caligi ;  Guillelmus 
de  Brichevilla.  [Signa]  Guillelmi  de  Traceio ;  Rohespe] 
uxoris  sue ;  Turgisi  filii  sui ;  Henrici  filii  sui ;  Gieve  sororis 
sue.  Actum  anno  ab  incarnatione  l)omini  M°c°xo,  tempore 
Turgisi  episcopi  Abrincensis  qui  hoc  donum  concessit. 

[?  Circ.  1125.1]  IJ20,  Charter  of  abbot  Richard  and  the  convent  of  Mont 
(Cartulary.  gt.  Michel  notifying  that  they  have  transferred  the  piece  of 
"^X.  255.)  '  ground  (platea)  held  by  them,  at  Portesmues,  from  the  king  of 
England,  at  an  annual  rent  of  twelvepence  in  usual  money  to 
Stephen  Le  Bochier  and  his  heirs  in  fee  for  ever,  to  be  held  of 
them  at  an  annual  rent  of  sixpence  and  by  honourably  receiving 
them  and  their  servants  into  his  inn  (hospicium)  at  Portesmues, 
and  finding  them  in  firing,  candle,  white  robe  (albam),  straw 
(paleam),  and  salt,  as  is  the  custom  in  feudal  (feodcdes)  inns, 
as  often  as  they  happen  to  be  at  Portesmues,  and  he  is  to  pay 
the  king  the  twelvepence  which  was  paid  by  them  and  to 
discharge  all  the  burdens  (honera)  on  that  land.  If  Stephen  or 
his  heirs  should  fail  in  any  of  their  services,  they  shall  have 
the  right  to  execute  their  justice  there. 

[?  1120-1180.]  721.  Charter  of  Rotbert  de  Duxeio  notifying  that  on  the 
(Cartulary,  fo.  85rf.)  eve  of  the  Purification,  he  has  entered  the  chapter  of  St. 
Michael,  and  has  given  and  granted  the  abbey  (ecclesie)  the  land 
of  Fougeres  (Fulgereio)  which  had  been  an  alod  {alodvm)  of 
his  father  and  predecessors,  for  the  good  of  his  soul  etc.  This 
was  done  in  the  presence  of  earl  Rannulf  and  his  barons  of  the 
Avranchin  (Abrincatensium),  excepting  the  land  of  Ralf  de 
Veim  which  he  held  of  him  (Robert).^ 


1  This  charter  may  be  of  much  later  date.     The  abbot's  name  is  the  only  clue. 
It  was  not  found  by  the  Editor  in  the  Cartulary. 

^  Clause  inserted  thus  in  charter. 


ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL. 


259 


[?  1120-1130.] 

Hoc  doniim  hujus  terre  concede  ego  Guillemus  filius  Rotberti 
post  mortem  patris  mei  cum  Cecilia.^    Hujus  rei  sunt  testes : 
Rotbertus  de  Duxeio  ;  Rannulfus  comes^ ;  Rotbertus  Grevesac  ; 
Radulfus   de   Veim ;    Radulfus   de    Brei;  Alvredus  de   Maci; 
Gradalonus    de   Taneia*  ;    Turgisus     de    Taneia;    Guillemus 
vavassor ;    Gislebertus  filius  Adam ;  Hamelinus   filius   Adam ; 
Guillemus  de  Vira ;    Bertrannus  de    Verdun* ;    Stephanus  de 
Eschailli;    Rannulfus    et    Rannulfus    (sic)    de    Grandevilla 
Guillemus  filius   Rotberti  de  Duxeio  ;  Cecilia  uxor  Rotberti 
Judicalis  presbyter  ;  Ricbardus  Cardonis ;  Alvredus  de  Maci 
Guillelmus  de  Boce ;  Richardus  Levelatus ;  Rogerius  prepositus 
Rogerius  de  Borrian  ;  Crispinus  ;  Rogerius  de  Brafes. 

[1128-9.]  722.  Charter  of  Rannulf  Avenel.    At  the  entreaty  of  the 

(Cartulary,  fo.  85.)  monks,  on  the  day  of  his  father's  burial,  he  gives  them  the 
church  of  Sartilleium  with  eight  arpents  of  land  appurtenant, 
in  alms,  in  the  place  of  the  tithe  of  St.  Evremund,  which  his 
father  and  he  had  given  them,  and  which  he  is  now  to  keep 
in  his  [own]  hand[s],  because  it  is  too  distant  (remotior)  from 
the  abbey.     This  he  does  by  the  advice  of  Robert  de  Duxeio 

and 'other  of  his  friends,  etc 

Facta  est  hsec  carta  in  capitulo  mentis  tempore  donni 
Honorii  pape,  ecclesia  Rothomagense  pastore  orbata,  Turgiso 
Abrincense  presule  annuente,  Henrico  glorioso  rege  existente 
principe  Anglorum  et  Normannorum.  Et  hec  sunt  signa 
eorum  qui  hujus  rei  interfuerunt.  [Signa]  Rannulfi  datoris ; 
Rotberti  de  Duxeio ;  Rotberti  de  Romaneio ;  Alanni  filio 
Haimerici ;  Rogerii  camerarii ;  Rivalloni  Calciabovem ;  Trehani 
de  Maiiieio ;  Hamelini  de  Cortilz ;  Hugonis  prepositi  Genitiensis  ; 
Turgisi  filii  Trehani ;  Rotberti  Catti ;  Jordani  dapiferi ;  Rannulfi. 


[1125-1129.] 

(Cartulary. 

Trans.  Vol.  II. 

fo.  247.) 


[?  1121.] 

(Original  in 

private  collection. 

Caitulary,  fo.  36. 

Trans.  Vol.  IT. 

fo.  250.) 


723.  Charter  of  Henry  I.  addressed  to  the  archbishops  etc. 
of  England.  He  gives  to  Mont  St.  Michel  and  the  monks 
there  serving  God  twelve  librates  of  land  ia  Devenesira,  in  his 
manor  of  Budelega,  in  exchange  for  their  two  churches  of 
Walegrava  and  Oalcia  which  he  has  given  to  the  abbey 
(ecclesia)  of  Radinguis  in  almoin.  It  is  to  be  held  as  freely 
as  those  churches. 

Test[ibus]  Johanne  episcopo  Luxoviensi,  et  Gaufrido  can- 
cellario,  et  comite  Willelmo  de  Varenna,^  et  Guillelmo  de  Tanear- 
viUa,  et  Gaufrido  de  Glintone,  et  Guillelmo  de  Ponte  Achard,® 
et  Thoma  de  Sancto  Johanne.     Apud  Pirarios  super  Andelam. 

724.  Notification  that  Thomas  de  Sancto  Johanne,  having 
begun  his  castle  at  St.  Jean,  wasted  and  destroyed  the  woods 
of  Nerun  and  Crapalt,  for  its  building,  and  then,  eager  with 
greed,  proceeded  to  the  wood  of  Bivia  and  laid  it  waste,  and 
likewise  occupied  and  seized  (invadere)  the  lands  of  most  of 


1  Sic.  2  i.e.,  of  Chester.  '  Cf.  Geoffrey  de  Mandeville,  pp.  91,  104,  142. 

*  "  Bertrannus  de  Verduno  "  is  witness  to  a  local  charter  of  1066  on  fo.  84. 
5  Cart.  :   "  Warenna."  ^  Eectius  :  "  Archarum." 

K   2 


260  ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST.  MICHEL. 

[?1121,] 

the  vavassours  in  the  Honour  of  St.  Patemus  and  the  Honour 
of  Genecium.  The  monks  of  St.  Michael,  hearing  this,  prayed 
to  God  to  have  pity  on  their  house  and  to  avenge  them  swiftly 
on  such  a  wrongdoer  etc.  Hearing  this,  Thomas,  in  horror, 
hastened  like  a  madman  to  the'  Mount,  with  his  brothers  John 
and  Roger  and  a  great  company,  and  enquired  of  the  monks 
why  they  were  clamouring  to  God  against  him  and  his  brethren. 
On  the  monks  fearlessly  replying,  because  he  had  wasted  their 
woods  and  wrongfully  seized  their  lands,  he,  by  the  counsel  of 
his  brethren  and  of  the  leading  men  (proceres)  who  were  with 
him,  threw  himself  with  all  his  company  at  the  foot  of  abbot 
Roger  and  the  monks,  humbly  begging  them  to  have  pity  on 
his  brethren  and  himself,  and  allow  them  to  be  reconciled  on 
fair  terms  arranged  by  friends.  The  abbot,  by  counsel  of  the 
monks,  compassionately  enquired-  on  what  terms  he  and  his 
brethren  were  willing  to  be  reconciled,  as  they  could  not  absolve 
them  nor  cease  their  clamour  unless  they  gave  up  absolutely 
everything  they  had  seized.  Thomas  replied  :  "  I  will  leave  all 
"  the  demesnes  of  the  church  in  peace,  lovingly,  and  only  ask  you 
"  to  grant  me  and  my  brethren  the  service  of  those  tenants 
"  (homines)  who  are  our  blood- relatives,  saving  [their  watch 
"  and]  ward  at  the  Moimt,  and  you  shall  have  the  multure,  and 
"  toll,  and  tailleg,  and  aids  of  their  men,  and  such  other  services 
"  as  are  due  to  the  over  lord  (Tnajori  d/ymino).  Only  let  the 
"  knight  service  (servitia  Tnilitum)  be  granted  to  me  and  I  wiU 
"  perform  [their]  service  to  you,  and  all  else  shall  be  yours. 
"  With  my  brethren,  I  beg  you  specially  to  grant  me  the  service 
"  of  these  lands :  in  the  Honour  of  St.  Pair,  the  land  of 
"  Rainald  Coquus,  on  condition  that  if  his  heir  should  call  on 
"  me  to  do  so,  I  will  restore  it  him,  saving  his  personal  service. 
"  Ralf  Malregard  on,  going  to  Apulia  mortgaged  his  land  to  a 
"  nephew  of  ours,  Ralf  de  Port,  for  12  marcs  of  silver,  and  now 
"  our  friends  have  discussed  it,  and  we  have  agreed,  so  that  he 
"  has  received  from  me  12  pounds  [in  money]  of  Le  Mans  for 
"  the  land  on  the  terms  that  when  the  son  of  Ralph  Malregard 
"  is  of  an  age  to  hold  and  administer  (regere)  his  land,  on  my 
"  pledged  faith  and  that  of  ray  brethren,  neither  by  force  nor 
"  by  evil  device,  will  we  or  any  heir  of  ours  detain  that  land, 
"  but  will  promptly  restore  it,  without  question,  on  the  said 
"12  pounds  being  repaid  to  us  or  our  heirs,  and,  for  further 
"  security,  I  and  my  brethren  swear  of  our  own  accord,  on  the 
"  Holy  Gospels  that  we  and  our  heirs  will  keep  this  under- 
"  taking.  I  have  held  till  now,  in  wardship  (enstodia)  the  land 
"  of  Roger  de  Grandivilla,  because  he  was  my  squire  (armiger), 
"  but  now  [that]  he  is  made  a  knight,  in  your  pj-esence  and' 
"  that  of  all  these,  both  monks  and  laymen,  I  restore  it  to  him, 
"  for  I  well  know  that,  like  the  other  barons  of  the  abbey,  he 
"  ought  to  serve  the  abbots;  and  in  consideration  of  this  I 
"  most  huinbly  implore  you  to  grant  me  the  service  of  Robert 
"  son  of  _  Ivo,  retaining  for  yourselves  the  dues  of  all  his  men. 
"  William  de  Pomeria  and  Stephen  de  Tabula  have  made 
"  submission,    as    traitors    (perfidi)    to    my    brother    Roger, 


[?  1121.J 


ABBEY  OF  MONT  ST,  MICHEL.  261 


"  whom  I  counsel  to  do  you  homage  for  their  service  and  to 
"  become  the  abbey's  man,  on  the  terms  that  their  vavassors, 
"  shall  go  and  carry,  wherever  required,  for  you  and  your 
"  monks  the  wallets  (Tnanticas)  and  clothes  (pannos)  of  the 
"  monks  and  pay  you  tithe,  multure,  tollc,  [and]  aids,  because 
"  we  would  not  diminish  the  dues  payable  to  this  abbey  to 
"  which  we  owe  our  bringing  up  and  subsistence."  Then  Roger 
arose  and  did  homage  to  the  abbot,  and,  on  the  Holy  Gospels, 
swore  to  be  faithful  to  the  abbey,  and  in  no  way  to  deprive  it  of 
its  dues  or  seize  its  lands.  "  In  the  honour  of  Genecium,  I 
"  Thomas  have  mortgaged  (invadimoniavi)  the  land  of  Getbo 
"  at  Poterel  on  the  terms  that  if  the  abbot  and  monks  should 
"  repay  me  four  pounds  in  money  of  Le  Mans,  they  shall  enjoy 
"  it  in  peace.  Niel  the  priest,  when  leaving  for  Jerusalem 
"  (habiens  jer'm})  mortgaged  his  vineyard  to  me  for  one  marc 
"  of  silver  on  the  terms  that  if  the  monks  of  the  abbey  were 
"  willing  to  redeem  it  from  me  or  any  of  my^  heirs  they  should 
"  enjoy  it  in  peace,  and  while  it  is  iu  my  hands  or  those  of  my 
"  heirs,  the  land-due  (terrageum)  shall  be  most  fully  and  lawfully 
"  paid  both  from  it  and  the  other  vineyards  of  my  tenants  {rusti- 
"  corum),  nor  shall  the  wine  ever  be  removed  till  the  land-due 
"  has  been  brought  to  St.  Michael's  winepress  (thorcular),  I 
"  restore  to  you  the  toll  of  Dune  which  1  had  unjustly  usurped 
"  and  seek  your  pardon  for  my  wrongdoing  therein  ;  also  the  land 
"  of  Rainald  de  Monastero  having  learnt  that  I  was  persuaded  by 
"  perfidy  to  accept  (reoiperem)  it ;